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Full text of "The Parliamentary or constitutional history of England : from the earliest times, to the restoration of King Charles II : collected from the records, the rolls of Parliament, the journals of both houses, the public libraries, original manuscripts, scarce speeches, and tracts : all compared with the several contremporary writers, and connected, throughout, with the history of the times"

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ia-)-i. ^, as- 











o s. 


Hiftory of England, 

From the earlieft Times, 


Reftoration of King Charles IL 

From the Records, the Rolls of Parliament, the Journals 
of both Houfes, the Public Libraries, Original Manu- 
scripts, fcarcc Speeches, and Tracts ; all compared 
with the fevcral Contemporary Writers, and conncfled, 
throughout, with the Hiftory of the Times. 



From the Twen^-Firft Yeat of King yamti I. to Uie Secoiid rf King 
Ci^ariti 1. 

L O N D O N, 

Printed for J. and R. Tohsos, and A. Millar, in the 
Strand-, and W. S akdby, in FUtt-Jirttt, 

MDCCLXm. ^.oo^x^c 


T H B 

Pahliamentary history 



p E F R E we enter into the Pro- ^ „„ p,^ 
t ceedi'ngs of this Pirliament, it may llunent oJkd, 
2 be HBcelTary to take a View of the *■■ *' {'"^ '* 
• Stfttc of the Peerage at this Time-; j^i webnidUr* 
B jvhich the. Reader will find much 
enlarged from the Lift at the Begin- 
ning of this Reign. But this was nothing to tbs 
Number of Scetch and Irijh Lofdi the King miule, 
from BngU/h private Gentlemen, who had Amhi' 
tion enough to purchafe thofc Titles, in order to 
get a Step higher t^an the new Degree of Baronets* 
created alfoin this Reign- This gave great DiC- 
juft to the EngUJh Peerage ; aiid near Forty of that 
!>rder jfuned tn a. Petition to the King, to reoioa* 
(trate the Inconvenience of fuch Proceedings. 
Wbph Petition had fuch Effeft, T&at, though it . 
did not dentate from the Dignity of thofe already 
creatod,_y« the King willingly reftrainedh^elf . 
for the Tinw to come (i^); 
Vot.yi. A . Atikv 



2 fhe Filamentary Hi iTKitit 

JV»rtef «i«t/ princeof^flK&c. fejr^y, S. of i)>^. 

LoJeUiUj 0iike o£ J!(c&- Ffantitf £. of SMlimir 

jmU, Lm^- H^ Asimf, «. ttt-CuOir' ■' 

Steward of the Hou- land. 

fhold. Hmry, £. of Uxnting- 

Lienely Earl of Middle- tan. 

y^*. Lord High-Trea- Edujard^ E. of Sa/A. 

'fitie^'of Sngland. Nmy, E. of- Aufttbiy-^ 

^mwj, Vifcount il/i»i- /«». 

' deviUt, Prcfident (^ MdwarJ, E. of St^trd. 

the Council. WtUiam^ E. of Ibriferd. 

Edward, E. of «fV«- TJeawx, E. of Sijp/*. 

^^, Lord'Keeper of Richard, E. of DtrfH. 

.the Privy-Swl. WH^am^ E. of iattfiwrj^ 

GtBTgt, D. of Btuking- mUiamy E. of £jrrf»-. 

ihm. Lord High-Ad- P^//(>, E. of Afe(^»- 

miral of Etigund. mery, 

thi/hr. ter. 

I T^emaiy ^Mlt^Oxftrd, R.tbtrt,%.o£'tMtiBtr,. 

Loid Great -Cham- miUam, E. of NvT'- 

berlain. ihantpMi. 

Thmatr E. of AnaiM Rehtrt^ £. k£ fPhrtoHii. 

.aiid.fiurrni,KariMar' ff^lliam, E. of Dn>^. 

flial 6f mgland. EfMt, E. of j£i»-if;fr. 

7«iiM, E. of C^mtridgi, Jthn, £, of Htldd^. 

^tewaid o£ the Hoit- CharUs, £. of Curliji. 

(Wd. mUiam,Z.o{DtnHi^.. 

Hmam, ^. oi^etrAreih Ji^^, *£. of, \^a/. 

ehmbadain of the G^ryiaphir^ "S,^ oi Jba- 

.HouBiold; /«/^, 

P E. of WirtABwi- jiWf*fl^,Vtft08ftf J(fift- 

cbv^ s. of .Niv/Zde-' Wimtn^v^-mi^iMtdt. 

ban. JMii,,YiPm^' , 

j^Jlimy y. itmtfiiU. 
Jtmai, V. Cokh^tr. 
' y. JUh/erd. 
^Txmat, y. Anebvtr',, 
fUchtird, V. Tunhri^e. 
SicKry ilemU^ Lord A~ 

Meryin Toucih, L. Jad- 

JEdward, h'. Zsucb, 
fitbtrt Bertie^ L. PTtl- 

J^ »yi, t. Dt La- 

pttt^if L. BtritUy. 
Urtry Pari^, L. Mar- 

lej and Mtnttgh. 
iHehardi-V. Batret aod 

Htrfi; . 

EAuarJi L. StraffirJ. 

Theaphilus, L. I^wardy Am; i 

of ff^lden. Son to the ' 

E. of Sufoti. 
Edward, L. fVoUon. - 
Francis^ L. Ruffll^ of 

Henry, L. Gr^, of 

miiiamy L. Petre. 
Henrjf L. Danvers. 
Raberf, L. Spen/er. 
Geargfy L. Careva. 
William Fienes, L. Say 

and SeU. 
Edwar^LL: Demiy. 
Charlei^. Stanhaptt of 

Thoitiaty L. Jrundtl of 

John HoOts^ L. ifev*^ 


?)hn Riptr,!,. Teniam: 
hilipy L. Stahhoptt of 

L. JCf/i- 

: Jehny 9f 
Gr*#, Of 

iWil&amyJ^.. Paget. 

'Jbifdl^i L. Mrt*- 

Edwardy L. J^/. 
;AiM Grm/f, L. Srwi. 
Edward, L; Montague^ 
Roiirtf L. Cartjy q{ 


Henry Riehy 


ythny t. ; 

Lay-Peers . 93 

Abps: aAd 6p<. ao 


■,G otitic 

*The TarVdmentaty Hi 8 T o Ji Y 

^'' The Parliament being ufTembled On the lith 
Day of February^ they were; by CoinMiiBon, rf- 
jeumed to the i5t}i, and from them*/ by smother 
■CommilUDn, to tbt: igth of the, fame Month. 
Thefc (hort Adjournments, we are told, by the 
Writer of this Reign, -were occafioned by, the fud- 
den Death of the Duke of Ricbmottd, who w»S 
found dead in his Bed, by his Lady (c), in the 

, Morning of the firft Meetmg of the Parliamenl., 
Thu Noblun an, being a near Rdation of the King's 
and a great Favorite, he Was fo ftruck with the 
Accident, that he put off the Solemnity of going 
and appearing in Parliament, as aho^cfaid. Hoi#- 
ever, on the 19th, being all met anun, -and die 
Commons calleM up, the King was plcaf^ to make 
the following Speech to them [d) : 

My Lordi Spiritual and Temporal, and jeu thgt art 

Gentlemen tf the Haufe af Cammam of thit. pre- 

fmt Parliament, 

' I T is a true Saying uttered h^ the Spiijit of 

^_ * 1 God, 7het the Ghrj tf a King ftandi in the 

, ' liduliilude of hi i People : And I am fure it is ^ 

' true. That the Strength of a Kingdmn flands 

' next, and immediately after God's 'Ptotedion, m 

' the Hearts-of the People. That you may fee 

' and have a Proof that I have not this only in 

' my Tongue, but have it likcwife fettled in my 

* Heart, (as God can bear me Record every Way) 
' I have called you at this Time to fpeak my 

* Mind freely to you j for, remembering rfie Mif-. 

* understandings between me and you before, I an 
•,' now come hither withan'eamm Defire to' do 
'^ the Duty which God hath called me unto, by 

• declaring 

; (<1 miftf, writti. Tint the Dutdufi coofeflU to totut cf ko- 
Intimitn, ^trvuit, TbM flic ej « | i «i iai t «d tlie EScQi of hit 6itt 
Veirw, the Ni^t before. In Knvtt, p. 77;. 
' ' fV) Thit Speech l> mnch curtiilcd inJ abcid|«4 in Wilfia lU 
Kiifirimrib, (or wluijic>ron "c bnov not j bm it fiiodi in dui 
Unmet in iKe ynr-iU. The Dcftrinit Part of it *u tpeablc to 
^tlMC-int )Ri) outwiid Piei; of the Ticaa ; foi (ara ■ MenbeT of 
'piriiimcnl mide a Speeih iben, ^kiihout begianini with ■ Tilt, M 
AktetlaidiDt af it wuh nui]' QDOtiUeu o«t of Holy Writ, 


of E N G LAND.- 5 

* Jflclaring unto you the Verity of this which God Aa. «i Jub 
' hjuh put into my Heart, 2nd to manifeft iny '''I- 

* Aflioiis to be true by my Words. I remember 

* very well, that it is % very fit Similitude for » 

* Kinv and his People to be likened to a Hufband 
' and Wife i for, even as Chri'fl, in whofc Throne 

* I iit in this Part of the Earth, is the Hufband to 

* the Church and the Church his Spoufc, lb I 

* likewife defire to be your Hutband, and you 

* fliould be my Spoufe ; and, therefore, as it is the 
' Huftand's Part to cherifh his Wife, to entreat 
' her kindly, to reconcile himfelf towards her, and 

* mocure, by all Means, her Love, fo it is my 

* Part to do the like to my Peopls. 

• There are but two Ways for a King to fliew 

* his Love to his People i one, in the conftant 

* good Government of them during bis Life j the 

* other, by ^'^ Behaviour to their Reprefentativc 

* Body in Parliament. For the firft, God know- 

* etfi, I defire my Government may be performed, 

* wirii an honeft, juft, true and fmccre Heart ) 

* and there is none of you that fee or hear me this 

* Day hut have found the Fruit of it, one Time 
f or other. For the other Part, belonging to the 

* Reprefentative Body, which is now the Caufe of , 

* calling you togetiier, what greater Evidence can 

< there be to fltew Love between you and me, and 

* between me and you, that urc the Repiefentative 

* Body, in a right Underflanding, than, out of my 

* own Mouth and Direction, to give you a Tafle 

* of my Love and Care of you all ? , ' 
' The Properties andCaufes of calling a Parlia- 

* ment, (and fo go the Writs) are to confer with 

* the King, and give him their Advice in Matters 

* of greateft Weight and Importance. For this 

* CauTe I have now called you together, that y* 

* m^ have Proof (d my Lov? ;^ndof my Truft, 

* and give me your Advice, in (he greateft Matter 

* that ever coiUd concern a King \ a greater De- 

* daratioi} of my Truft in you I cannot give, 

* I have bten thefe many Years upon Treaties, 

< as fa{ ai I thought (and God is my Witneik I ne- 

' A 3 * ver 

a I. * ver had any otljcr IntentionV for fettling Jt P6da| 

* in Chrifiendomi and fettling a Peace at flfofne. 
f In theft Treaties I went long on,' but finJmg 
' thein to have flower Succcfs ttian I expefled, or 
' had Reafon to do, I was witling, (and efpecfel- 

* ly in one Thing concerning' the, Eftate of my 
, * Grand-ChiJdren) to fee a gpod and fpeedy Ena. 

' ' ' In this, finding as great Protnires as I could 
' • wifli, and yet finding their ' h^ioid quite con- 
' trary, it ftirred up my Son to oiTer.himfclf'to 
' make that Journey ; and; I thanit; God, ha^fng 

* him now here, I liave no Caufe to repent of it. 

* For, being of full Age and Ripenefs for M^r- 

* riage, he urged me to know the Certainty,, in k 

* Matter of fo great Weight, that he might not be 

* put off with long Delays.; for Dehys, in fiicft 

* a Cafe, are m- e dangei'ous ttian Denials. 

■' In it I. was content (as a rare, Examplc)..'to 
^ |;rant his Defire; and witbtiim I, otfly, ftirf'th^ 

* Mail whom I moft trufieilj Buctiagham ; co(n- 

* manding him never to have him nor return 

* Home without him. I thank God for it, it fiatfi 

* learned nte 'Wifdomi for, in Gmeralibus vtrfatta- 

* Dolus. I had general Hopes oefor^, but particu- 

* lars will refolve Matters w;hen'GencraU wiU'not j 
' and, before this Journey, Things came to me'as 

* raw as if I had never heard of them before. ; I 
,' was as far difappointed of my Ends as if I bad, 

* been waked out of a Dream ; now I have put 
f it into a Certainty ; and, whereas I walked in 

* a Mift before, I have np>v brought it to Light! 
f Now, ■ ' . " 

'■ "Jl^ tordsy 

': ' For the Particulars, they ate gone fo far as, 
\ both in the Treaty of the Match and of the Pu- 
' latimti, that I know the utmoft. I am refolv- 
' ed upon what T am like to obtain, and have h'a<) 

* Promifes and Projedts, and" fome of them latclyj 
. * But, to (hew the TruH that I put in you, lam 

•content that my Secretaries, from the Inform'^ 

f tion and AlTurance of my Son and Buckingham^ 

f fli^l relate unto you all : And when yob have 

'■ ' • \- •heard 

jr E'NG L AN D. . . ,7 

* hi:^ all, fuptr tofam Maieriam, I ihaU then e«- Ao. ^i /»■»«•* 

* treat your good and found Advice^ for the Gl»- ***1* 

* ry of God, the Peace of the Kiagdoaij ami the 

* Good of my Children. 

* Never King gave more Truft to his Sul^e^ 

* than to delire their Advice in Things of this 

* Weight. For, I affure you, ye may freely ad- 

* Wfc me, feeing of hw princely Fidelity, ye afc 

* Intreated thereto. Never Suhjea» had better 

* Hearts and Experience to give me good Adyioe 

* than you ; of which I make no Doubt, fo^, if 

* you Jove yourfelves, you will give it, me, yo«r 

* "oVn Felicity depending upon it. 

* One Particular I muft Kmember ytpi of, ,bt- 

* caufe it hath been much talked of \a the Ccfui- 

* try, that 1 Oiould be ilaek in my Care of jR^Ufim 

* for other *rhings. ' > 
' Mt Lords, md you Gtttilemai a^t 

* X pray you jud« jne charita^bly, as you would 
> faejudgcd;( for, 1 never made public or private 

* Treaties, but X always had a cUrci^ I^efervatioo 

* for a f ublic-Weal ipd Ae Caufe pf Relij|^o», 
"* fof ,d»e Glory of .God ^d Good of my Subjp^. 
"*' I oifly thou^t good fqmetjmes to wink and coa- 

* nive at the £xecutioR of fame penal X^ws, juid 

* Jdot h} g9 on fb ^goroujly ai at other Tjmes, Imu 
'*',n6ttp aifpenfr with any, or to forbid or alter ^y 
' ' that concern Rel^ion. I never proaufed m 
;' yieidedi I sever di|^ think It with my Heart, nbc 
'f fp^e it frith my Mouth. / 

* It. is tnje^ a .itilful Horfem^n doth not always 

* ule the Spur J but fometimes the Bridle, and (amw 
/.times the Spur: S« a King,.tb3tgo«cmsiivifelyf 

* is not bound to carry a rigorous nani^ over Ms 

* Subje^, upon all Occaliorui hut may fem«* 

* times ^acken the firidle, yet fo . as his Ha^ids bf 
f not off the Reins. - 

* So much for that Point, to be cleared upon all 

* Occalioi)s, Now albeit it be a gxat Matter *9 
f xequtre your Advice, yet, in this, I pray if^aan^ 
f 1]^ the Weight of-the Bulinefs. I c^^ipt jimit 
( yimi'Houh'tMtr Days, but youf own HeafX^ muf| 

A 4 'do 



8 The Far^amerUary^ H,i6fl"oRV 

' do it; for every Man, by Nature* thinks t^ 

* Time long here, according to his ov-n Occafio^s 
• ' at home. ' Therefore coniider the State, of Chrif- 

* lertdoimnA the State of my Grand Children, .o^ 

* pwnEftate, and the State of my Kipgdoinj.the 

* Treaties and all. 
My htrdsy ' , 

• It is not enough, altho' you are jiCTcr To wil- 

* ling to give me your Advice; for to plant will nqt 

* ferve die Turn, if I, like a good Gardener, 4s 

* well as plant, do not weed away from the Root|, 

* and remove tfae Obftacles that hinder" your fo gopd 

* Advice': Of which, the whole Weed and manj- 

* fcft Hindrance that can ' b^ is your.jeajqufy of 

* mc : Free jne from that, Snd, for my- Aflipnjj 
' I dare avow them before God and his Angdj- 
■* But Jealoufyhatii a deep Sting, take away th^, 

* and nothing cwi do me Harm : You are my Wife, 

* and Jeaioufy is fubjcfl to a Wife ; therefor^ re- 
^* move 'h, atfd be not jealous of me. 

■ * For Matter? of Pnyilegei, Liberties, and Cuf- 

* toms, be not over curious J Iam,yourqwnkindlv 

* King. Ve ntver fliall find mc curious In theje 
' * Things : Therefore do v^at yov ougtit, and np 

- * more than your lawful Cjfaertfes and Piivil^^ 
■ • will permit, and ye fliall never fee me curious tfi 

- * the contrary. I had lathcr maintain your Li* 
' * berttcs than alter them in any Thing. Shew s, 
'-* Truft itlmc, and go on boneftly as you ouebt 
'•• tado, like-good and faithful Subjefb; and, wo^ 

* you have Warrant for, go on with, and I .wUl 
■ ' not be curious, unlcfs you give me too muc^ 
-* Caufe. ;■' , . 
. * The nekt Thihg is, to beware that you tal^e 
< ^- nM in HanS the maintaining of idle QueHioQs 
'* atAongyoii; which fpoils ^ood Bufinefs. R^- 
''* member, beware of Genealogies and curioijS 

* Qucftions, as ^t. /*■»«/ fpcaks j and do you ^eep 
1* to the Ground and Gravity of the great BufiQe^ 
>■• for which I called yoii ; and Jicxt, for all oth^ 

*' Tbingsthat are for the great and good GoverniiJg 
-* of -the Kingdom. Let not any ftir you lip tp 
::-■-- .■ •■ « Law- 


* Law-Q^ioDt, DebMes, Quirks, Tflck8 knd lu. •■ j^m 

* Tercks ; but continue yourfelves in thif hotieft **•* 

* Modefty, whereby you may have my Prayers 

* to God for you, and procwe the, Love: (^ me, 
' * and an happy End to thie Parliament. 

* God judge me, J fpe^ ju » Chriftian Prince^ 

* iiev«r Man, in a dry and fandy Defatt, where no 

* Water is, did thirft more in hot Weather for 

* Drink, thap I do now for a happy CondtiJion of . . 
^ this Parliament. I (low hope, after the Mifcar- 

' Hage of the laft, that this may prove h^ppy : I am 

* neither curious nor captious e;)pugh to prevent it; 

* Elcbew all Occafions of curious Quafliont, which 

* mft]r lender you in this great Caufe for which I 
' have called you ; and remember, That (pending 

* of Timeis fpoiling of Bufincft. And Ihppe in 
'' God, and that by aFaitb in GoA^ th^t, by your 

* Anions this Parliament, I (hall claarly ks your 

* Hejuts ; and that you are the true Reprefentative 

* B^dy of my Subjefls ; For you know in your 

* Coiucienc?, that of ail the Kings that ever were, 

* I dare fay never was King better beloved by hi* 

* Subie<^ than I amt 

* Therefore, be you tnie Glafles and Mirrours 

* df their Faces, and bcfurcyou yicld;ihe true Re' 
' fle(£tion$ and Rsprefent^ions as, you ought .to do. 
•. And) this doing, \ hope you fliall not Only find 
'.the Blefling of God i but alfo, by thefp Adtioos, 

* procure the Thanks ^nd Love of thawhoJaPet^e, 

* fijr being fuch true and faithful Gljiffij^. ;,Laffliy, 
> you fliafi never finii mc defire any Thing Of you, 

* but whfit (hall tend - to the common Good and 

* Weal of th£ Kingdom.' 

His Maiefty having ended his Speech, the Lord 
j&eper (')i hy his Commands, direi^ted the Com- 
nians to repair to their, awn Houfe, and choofe t 
Spealtcr. . The Names of Receivers and Tryers of 
PctitiCH)s, according tx> ancient Cuftom, being alfo 
read, (lie Parliament was adjourned to Saturtiay the 
Hft of febrmry. 

^«j>Mw(- On that Daf^ CatatMns prefentn) to 'th« 
■I***- King Sir 7iS*»Mi Crrtu, Kiu|?ht, Sei5earit at Ljw, 

fi>r rtieir Spe^» ; 'whoft Excnfe, forlBfufficicncj^ 
GtTbuniiO** ■^'' ''^'"g I*"' "Wily allowed of, he was confmiM 
dulcn spnkcr. accordii^ly. T^n Ac S|>eaker 9(U.i^e4'')y9>^ 

to the llnrone, /• htg( Vtrta ,- 

M»fi Grxiaw SwenigVf 
S xSc!* * CINCE I cannot bring an OflrtiBrWcIi m 

* J my Mouth, aaaSign m my Peate;' andthaV 

* God, (in whofe Hands are the ftcarta of Kings) 

* without whole Providence, a Sparrow doth notnijl 
4 to the Ground, whofn go Man can refift, hatli 
f tndined your Majefty to caft your £ye of Grjcp 

* OA'ine, and to bonftnn me in thh Place : I am 
^ taught in the beft School^ that dhuSence h heher 
1 than Sacrifice \ and will only fay with a leartied l*a- 
^ ^eTiDa,Domine^tecdjuieSi(^jiibe^usdvii: Gthpr^ 

wife I have great Caufe to be afraid of (uch ^ 

* (^»rge, to be executed before ft) great a Maj^fty^ 

* and in fo gfeat an AflemWy j but that I hope youf " 

* M^je&y will extend your Scoter of Grace,^ a^ 
*■- Al^term did, tp fuHain me in my Faistin& 

• Tour'Majefty is frinctfi HttrtditartuSy 'de- 

* fc^ided from both the Kofes, and hath untte^ 
' both the Kingdoms.' At vour^firil^Entraftce ybji 

* Wrtfught a Wonder in fhe^umult of oi^Oires, 

* dad Cloud of our Fears, ha[»pe;ting upon the 
< Xiti!&\ of the late Queen, by the bright Reams' of 
f yourSunfliine; which a Poet elegantly ex^efledj, 

, ' 'JtSra iam^ Set Kcttbuit,NoxnaliajfCtaaifi.\ 

-* There was a Davidiii Hihroriy and no ^li^PSfUf 
•to difturb your peaceably Entrance) tut: m?A,c- 

* clamations of all your Subjects and Cpminons, 

* concurring to exprcfs rfieir great Co^tentmeii^ 
♦ ' This was no fuddcn Flafh of Joy, but a cbnftatit 

* BteiSng, by the Continuance of the G6fy^ ar^J 

* <me Religion, maugre the Malice and heMb In^ 

* ventioR of. thofcj who would have b!owrt'*itp afl 
' 'at once; but God laughed them to 'ScoHi, ana 

* they fell into their own Trap. - Thefe Thftigs \ 
*-lrave to your Majefty's Royal Remembrance, as 

"-■i- "•■' ■ ' ■ ■ '^^irDiity 


' aDutt.edbfe p^aiSifBd^ thd to beckfcdE^V^aftr AfcMjmMi 

* nrhankliiliiels to mainiy Ood ; fbr it n a gvti ****' 

* ThmCtabe thanltfal: Mh efi J^imi DmnUly 
.' fu «m %i^ Oratias'pn'path'. 

* Smoe iB)r DirCgiitAent tb thft Placic, I called tb 
' Mindtbde Staixun of <iate Titers, uil find twb 
^ of dpecnd Xotfe: TU firft of 3a iA^ VIII. 
I' nHucfa was-cdjled ParBamMim ABtam, tat tHe 

* auoiy ^xd Ls#i nude for tbe fettling of Hjf- 
^k£iaat(/). The^otber, 3^£/ts«Ar«6} #fiielf, 

* bv a Kovcrrend Diruie^ was called ParUmiuiituM 

* piuMi' becaafetheSub^dswae enaUedto fount! 

* liofptods without Licence of Jfe r w / n, or ^i^ 
f pad damnum, md other diaritable I^ws, which, 

* t o&ii^ beiog not peipetual {g). And I libnirife 

* cillcti to Mind many glorious Oflni madfe b^ yodr 

* Majbfty, ^d other good E^tovifionB at die iaft tvfa 

* Meetaigs. Now your Majeily bath fttctched 
f forth 3i:our Scoter to. oiQ .ub to you again, Uid 

* hath ' made Declaration, that all JcalouAes anti 
<' ^etooved, and die MemoiV 

* of Parlifttnent^idlitics might be buried. Ajw 

* My'Dttfiiebj that your M^eftv*s Influefloe m^ 
ft diftil' flpMi us, and.^ pax»ed iii Atcb afwetft 
'HottHony and Conkuldtion, dut K^hltitdnrfs mfj 

* Pektf iu^ iifr eath ctHtri and dut Mtrtf mfU 
*Ti-ah putfmelty mA. tfie WoHd may %, &<it 

* l/iamibwaak^TpmtkjmimAim X^em v Piptdu^ 

* "ietttMHtpi ht uHitm^' .■.-..' 

■ And,' tot [ferfeOifl^ this Wdtk, the good Btlh 

* ^ainft Monopolies, Inbnhers, and Conccalm, 
'>■ oaf )iow pafs, and receive Streagdi, with Oe- 

* flfcfdjXibeiral^ and Royal Pardon, accordifig tt> 

* the Bounty of the late Queen ^ that fa this Par* 
^ liamdht may b« called, Pelixy Dolfun, iS Pium \ 

* «^ch will t)« good to your Sul^e£li, and no Di- 
^ dOMution to yotir Revenue^ or Derogatioa to ytnit 
■ Prerogative} which, in your Majef^ Hands,- h 

* a ^f ^ter of Gold \ but, in other HancU, is a RoS 
' of -Iron. I need not fpcak in the ftaii* lot Cbfe 

* fundbn^tal Commob IdWB ; VtritmXtmftrlt 

■ - 'PiUa^ 

>• »]ftntij,'*^^v Tone hath ruificisndyjuftHiefttbent. ' Mo' 

i^i- '•' narchy.' i& the Jiisft. Govsmiaent ; and of jUI(v> 

,*' narchtos, fhofe which arc' hereditary. Tbfl~beft 

* Supply of your Msje^'t ^»nti is ia pailiwaciit. 

* lirhcredie aubjefi h'bautii4iy his o«m Confent^ 
,* other Couries of Benablcnfft conwj heaaly. ■ The 
.* Subje^ er^oj the.QofofcTfredjc by your Pro*«c- 

* tiot^ ^ttid youF .M^eay..ibay Iw uft in their . 
•;Loyal|y: OtherSafeties'arc,butasv$«xhis Shtd<), 

* a Weieht rather than .a Defence. Their Defire 

* is, that the good t«iws jis'Reli^on may be coiv- 

* firmed ; and that tha Geaeraticm of LocuAs, the 

* Jefuits and Seminary FrJeAs^-which wpre i#ont 

* to creep iii Chrners, and do How come An%i, 

* may b^'by the Execution of thefc good Laws, 

* ts with an Eaft Wind, blown over tlie Sea. Our 

* late ,^reen EHxmieth, lived and died in Peace j 

* .the FsH oirfed her, . but (5od bldled her : And 

* So Ihall your MajeSy, Laving God to your Frieiid, 

* finti Sa&tyi in .the Ark^cf. true. Religioh, snd-, 
.* when 'yoti. arc old audfu)! ■df DavH land you ia 
if ^HeavcM-AOd then iyour hapS&ii. Prtnet, which 
^* (brwgiDftnif TKHir own. hoka'^ ftall ivrm that 

* Sccpteit)'»rhitm.youinuill fcaw.tq enj9y s CfPwa 
',* ccleftia]..' And Go^ ia-his diUi Tinw, wtU tt- 
'.* &o^ ^ diftrdled PrihceO, , her HuflMmJ wi 
.• Royal. I^dOj to. thitloheriuncR, which it new 
-*. poffeflM^by thfe, ufiirping Sword of th«ir Ene* 

* mie's : Whereof we tire the more opp6dent> ^ 
^'(iti^&^thatCQtuitfy wat^btcetofora iSp^&^gffyia 

* xmtDifttfeft,-when-Rdi(^o^ wa»bere perfccuted. 
.* fJitb.lTtca^.WtnU tb fay, JAf.Jipti^ fS C^tl^ 
.* dt^lOBda-.e^i: ,Blit:l &yi liu/mtK, iff^Palati- 
^nt^tuiireapetTirttifu^ffi. > :■■.'■ ■_■..-.■■' 

* .The QpeftioB lyaa put,to 5 Latidtmon''*"'* Why 

* thqir.Cl^^w&i^ W«l]s<?v'who#nfwofal, CiRt- 
*.0>r(^wwii.:their.Wa}]s, ,Y6ur M^fty*. under 
,*, (^<)A.t is * folif i#id entpftiMortsrcfi, whofe Walk 
.» 4(1^ the Q«Aii witiiout,, a«d fortijM within with 

* » WaU fl« Brfifs^ the Bpnd pf Upity ■ and .Reli- 
-f- gfUerS' aiMj.teippy isthjt Place, of which it infiy 
*. bttfald, a« of JerufaUmt It (f « City at Vm^ 

.»'(. 1 "■-■■;■■• . ■■ , ■;■ ,*."''^*'« 

9f EN O LAND. 13 

* tmtbtm !tj^. Neidier u tout. GoVenuMnt con- *^ tt Jmh 

* fined wit&in the Limite of this Kingdom, but *^> 

* extends itfelf to Iretani; wbere ybur MajcftyS 

* Care and Puna, in our late Emptoyment, gavt 
'- ' divers provident DireSions for the fetting forth 

^ of RdigiDn, the reforming of Courts of Juftice, 
' tnd the infilling Puniflimenc on the Diffurben 
« of the Public Peace. And I was OaJarii TtJHt, 

* diat you have made thefe ^ple Endowments of 

* Churches out of your tsvti efcheated Kevenuc, 

* as will be to your Honour in all Pofterity (<), 

* Bi|t my Defire is, as welt in the Beginning, as ifi 

* all oAer our I^occcdings, our Wards may be 

* cwra, pauitii flf pendirt/a. , 

* Therefore, with your gracious Favour, aCcord- 

* ing to ancient Precedents, we are humble Suitors, 

* ttut you would be pleafed to allow our ancient PHr 

* vileces (f) J and that, for our better Attendance, 

* our Peifons, Goods, and neceflary Attendance^ 

* ouy be foee lirom Arrefts ; and that we may have 

* Liberty of free Speech, not doubting but we Ihall 

* confine ourfehes within the Limits of Duty. 

* And becaufe this great Bufmels may ^e ui Oc- 

* ca6on often to refort to your Majefty, that, upon 
'our public Suit, you'\VdI>be pleafed to give uk 
^ your own fit Time of Aewfe ; and diat all our 

* A^ons may have a benign Interpreution, and 9 

* good Acceptation and Opinion. 

' Laftly, That I may net only be a Speaker, 

* but an bumble Suitor, [yotefting by the great 

* Godt by whom Kings do reign. Tut whatfo- 

) Sn TZmwi &no wu eoa of the MtmbM whs di _ 
nfalTa *|WDa (he SftmA Mtlib, ud in fiMoi of the Cbm- 
afrmfittim, in the'liIt.PiriJuBeat{ and «iitli-~ — '' — 

_ .. I, ia the Uft PuHuMst, thii Ocntlesiaa mtit tA of 'there 
(cnulubie Exprefliolu t " Our Prinlctet Ue our Inherituwe, not 
' " libtCerof GT*ceiurT(denCi«a.— — Tbiiiiof tlutlJni«riiiicc 


)t4 'flittB»-iigm»tt&y-MAsT,pji.^ 

•vWith^tbciVail sf^Jftur gS?i!WiB .C^^^ft^ffm,' or 

ti-.Aaftrtr. . ^ no flioif f ^c;e thw A 
(-as you b^vc jiot ?pA it outjinto ; 

* no more will I : It is ptyto p 
-* vAkh cwiPit he fet up ilj fo . 
,* agfUn. A JVfo^bematiqiari wrib 
.* 9ii,b? Iq rojw4, M. tiiat P,oit» 
,*bc fowd fber^n; ,fo I may 
,• roiwdmA volttbU Speech,' thefe 

* Artidiesi ■£.■■■■ 

,• of .the Xingi, And ,f9iiiet5i?»g of ^e fi^ of Par-" 
■•,li«llt8t, JW^wh axeqf.tW0.?^Wris,,&fn^jinv- 
■•ing^;ljft, ptlKrs 4fORpiHg.ip^ ,tiicir pritaves.: 
<^*iStiaQptbing of. (^onHitpn, I^ ip gCjneral : j^qi^e-' 
A<hiiig.lw tbei>ipHyHy,$Meply'^,Pnnf;es : j|^o- 
i.<,iKba(i«f:fi;n^Qtolc6:..Saflaetfi'Jt|^f>f the Jlfj^Kafe 

* of true Rdigion : , Seqteii^t of rf^jjiing^uut 
cVjiU^ul^tQ,pm.£p«nies: Sot^ewhat of^fuc- 
v*f.fe!VHig qur .■fnrn : ,AnstLfelWFW»tof'"tlie ^f4°*- 
-^ittttlif ftaf ir^tmd. .Tl3iefftJ?^e^X9,ur\-ftiateji^&) 

* jlb« Formats were three, i^ Privileged from Ar- 

* reib. 2. Freedom of Speech in your Hou&j 
, •^Aji4 ■* A ^ood Iitterw^ijoii j>f, al!.j^^, jotf 

< haT6 kft^e HouTe* 

' *' I fliall, from..hj$ ^lyefty,. give Aofwer to ,tii8aif 
.•all, iafldiMliprflccea^tppty §«p. ' 

* Ftrfl^ For yourfeU; Mr. Sfmiiir .- Hi^Mi^flfty 

.*.ha,th.not.ynIy ftretched out hi» Scepter with Af- 

. *^iviraacc .but . jifted Hp h(B Vsi^ei ".fii^, j/? .l'f^t» 

:* tuOj (^daiUiir tibi; he hath granted, all ytwr Pe> 

^ *titSftns,> 


' titjoiu, oaA dsth^lSiie yon t^ no, of Us c^ *ik — jtam «• 

•■«al Favour. , »»»|. 

* Snm£yy For th^ Kiogl we cannot deoy Gocni 
'■ blcfiingof uB, and our UilBra of God-fw Ub 
'Royal Defb^i Us peacetbM- Aecefa to the 

* Crpwa; hisminuailotvPnlarvatioiiiathfs'PIacdi 
' * and OUT comfortable Hopeof the fiitun. All ttarie 

* ihita t» SmuU SMcul»r*im, 

* 77nr4l, i9r tbereXwA, for Jcttlinc of Pcf- 

■ Settpny that won; «i»£te(I ja HeWl;/ Vlll. ^ich 

* ]r(iu caii ParliaiUMitm Jt^im ; and thofe Laws 

* of Chanty, made in dic^Qtb of the Ittc Queen, 

* wbifA you call ParUofM^wn fmn \ md choTe ' 

* ^f^utu of Grace* which wen provided in the 

■ laftConyeatiofl^ {^ich^hb MijcAy would:h»e 

* va»i^6 ParUmuMmt grfti^mm) and the Ftrdnn, 

■ ikrfiich may dt^ dlis Partioauatum imu^iatm^ 

* bis Ma|e%,wJll 'tkke fuch fie atid - convcnimt 

* CoprTcs, 'Bs m^y |»r«feT<e Life in Ao-ane, and' ;;. 
"^Ve Li^ to the other ; J» dttt you do, aH tlfit- 

* triforiy , pla^ the got)d Midwife tn their B&rtli. ^ 

* Faur^fya For tlf« Absrtivcs of.the latS' Afim- ' 

* h)y».Vrhjch yQu call PadiaAiutt^NuBitie^; fuMi 

* i^ima. mtmimjft ■ horrft : A ftmagr jGhaneMi,' 

* lunh u I Ptycr Raid of^ "but in tte -Atti^n i^' 

* the new Creed, eruUMtcUJian 9i.attaxota Catl»< 
' ' Utam. Pafli»me«s Iw»Uf»Uy-beae(» • • ••(*). 

* Gadf.aiul tbeKhig are arcrfe toTIullitiea. Tbt' 

* ^ ParlAamentwas the thfee- Pcrfons confidti«g' 
' together- /^/^mu; AcmnAn. Cod is a Maloir' 

* ai4n.9t a Pefiror^i' Every ConlultattMi is for, 

* Shq* Qpod. Otbei7 may coauncnd foimer 

* I«awe : Yoa bttw ksal the baft Law till cow. 
■^.Hiy.lQ[>iRiGn,,£«jfGU&M«)Uf iithebeft: Let 

* th^ftWnoi]^-of thofeAbortiom bebuiisd' in tl« 

* SAvec i^ftittjxtnvt to rife a(p^. 

* I: wUp^t yOu JR Mind oCa-Stcffyi wluch T^ 

* tctotf %.Mit 0f ThiKfJiAt* The ^Jrfanr' haviOE 

* fwweeqio.^ £<K«dmm>«f, in Memory thcmq' 
'MAltt a bawtk Tcqihy. A Cboqrfaint wu 

.... ■ *nwb 


i6 the ParKatfuhtary HiifORY 

■.atjaneil. * mxde before the Common Council of dx Jul' 
jfaj. « pbSityeneu That, by that Trophy, the Memory of ' 
' their Difcord waa made eternal. Their Jud^* 
' ment yha^ that it Ihould be demoliflied, becaafe 

* it was not fitting that any Record' fhould be of 

* Difcord between Grak and Greek, 1 leave the 

* Application. 

* FifiUy, For the Common-Law, in genenly 

* it is of a convenient Difpofition, and fit for the 

* Clitnate ] fo hr approved by his Majefty, diat 

* he would never allow any Projefl which was hot 

* juftifiable by Common Law. 

' Sixthly, For the ordinary Supply of the Prince ' 

* by Parttament, Subfidies arc mod comfortable to 

* the King,and WourabletotbeSubie^j becaufe 

* .they ilTue from the Heart, and are brought in by 

* the Hands of the People. Benevolence fs but aa 

* Anchor, and a Help at adead Lift j becaufe Par- ' 

* liamenta are a great Body and of a (low Motiom ' 
' * The King was averie to that Way, and had ne-* 

* vcr alTented thereunto ; but compelled by an in- 

* tolerable ProvocatitHi without, and Invitation at 

* Homej and it was beftowed on that inimit^le 
' Parag;on, once of Majefty, but now of Pa- 

* tience {i) ; that no Man, without Malevolence, 

* can find Fault with that Benevolence. 

* Seventhly^ In the next Place his Maiefiy re- 

* turned Thanks to you for your Care of Religion. 

* Your Houfe was uiciently a Chapel ; and it ftill 

* may be faid, Nm Demui e/l, fid Templum j fo ' 

* many Men as ye are, fo many Churchmen. His ' 

* Majefly gives hilt Afliinuice, that he eAeenls no 

* Eftate nor Digniw like to that ineflimable Jewel 

* of Religion ; and if any Scandal hath been, it 
' hath been ktjcen, not given' Caufe for : And he 
"• wifheth with yflplunfiu, the great King of jftr*- 

* gahf That all hit SubjeiEb were Kings, that th^n 

* they might underfland and be &tisfied. He never ' 

* (pared the Execution of any Law, but for asreater 

* Law, Saiia tttipublicm ; all the reft are nnetfiA 

* Fine. Our ObfervatiQn of any Law is not for 

, (j) "tht Frintt Ptlatiiu, (onetiw Kii>t«f S ttm J t, 

.y E,N;G L A N D. - j^ 

^ die written Law, but for the Common-Wealth. A«. n Jiom 1 

* All the Laws are yet in Force; ho Connivance *^V 
.* but for the Propagation of true Reiigion,' ff^at 
^.knswtft tbttt^, O Man ! ■whether the believing tfyf- 

* band may Jave the unbelieving Wife ? You have 
]* heard his Majen^'s SlmQe touching, a fkllful 
*. Hqrfeman ; which« ^in Zach'ariah, is God's Si- , 
.' mile. Kings are like Riders, the Common'; 
^Wealth is thcHorfe,. and the Law is the Bridle^ 

* which mull be held always with a fure Hand^ 

* not alwa,ys with a hard Hand : But^ jfliqiianda 

* reTjuttit ferire Eques, nan amittit Habenas. Yex, 

* if /fo^ar grow infolent, Cafl out the'Bend-Ifa-r 

* man an4 her Sfn ; his Maj&fty's Rcfolution is, 
f That the San e/ the Bond-fyamem Jhpll never in- 
^ herk with the Sen 'of thf Free. His Royal Ma- 

* jefty hath give^i leave 'to us, that are his Chap^ 

* l^ns, to put him in Mind of this, God is eVer 

* careful of ICings, and Kings cannot be toocare- 

* fill of him. 

' * His fc^jefty gjveth you Thanks for your juft 

* Feeling and Relenting at the Ufurpation of that 
' fwcet Princefs froniherJointure,and expelling her 

* Olrve Branches from their Inheritance. A good , 
;* Caufe makes goodSoldierfi.,. Attollit Vires Militis 

* Caufa, It is impolSble, by amicable Means, to re-. 
.' cover tii^ Palatinele ; tbercfoie you do well to fort 

* Catn's Carthaga everimda, with Palatinatus deglw- 

* tinanda^ it oughtto be unglued again, and pulled ■ ■ ■ ' " 

* out of the Clutches of thofe Enemies, who, by 

* Force andciinningTreaties,Lfurp the fame, .The 

* King knows, and we know, and would have all 
*the World know, the Care he hath taken infhis 

1* fivfinefs; Patrias deprehendcre Curas. . ^ 

'. In the neift.Place, you obferve very well the 

' wooden Walls of this Kingdom, the Navy be- 

' ing his Majefty's fpedal Care ; and. as the Ca:"- 

* vcr, who beautified Diana's Temple,, tho' it was 
.* at. the Cods of other Men, yet was allowed, in 

* Jivers Places, to fiamp his owp Name ; fo it 
' cannot be denied but that Noble Lord, who has 
*. now fpent (even Years Study, and is become a 

; . Vot. VL. ■ B ■ ' Mafttfr 

1 r. . l..(H»^lc 

lit . ^ Parhoihefthfy HiSTokt 

3U fijunal.* MafferJn that Art, rttay graw hfe Wamt 'upbA 
'^)- • Ms Work, yet a ttdnt Dafance from his MkT- 
« tcr*s. 

« £^fy. For the Rcfonnirttoii 'of Tftlmd. Afc 
< P/wj6idofrrtfy*n*, ThahtSCs!E*e*t«idMfcot 

* to Jlaly alOAe ; he lloth ftcrt ^nily flieWetl 1)A 

* ^^im &p6n dli^, buttiponti^er&iteitrieis. Kk 

* Majefty ftiincs upMi Ifiem tfr (lil g6od tAirs'i 

* and lii6* thai KSflgddtti adds Bttte to his CfdWn, 
\ It adds ftluchto'liis Gidry. 

' And rt6W, J*^. %<rfw, tchal LiftertKS, Prj-- 

* vy^cs, and Acccft were -evo- yidded to ahy « . 

* yourPftdcceffOTs, trisMajeftynOffgranteftftflljf 

* and 'freely, without the Itaft JealoUfy W- IMlhi-, 

* nution. I will oWly add, out tif 'Viderias Marf- 

* musj ^wVCato fine tihettate? i^'tf Lii&tat 
f^Catoiife? What is Wifdftrti withmtt LfttettV 

* tofhew it? And vriiat h Liberty -ttiAtOHt Win 

* Sbia 16 tife It^' 

After this )^ 'Hafztiguc trxs HidAfi, Which tiiuft 
\ie allowed veiyextfttor^ftaiy for ah £ietift^vn (rtie, 
the ttoufe WaS ai^bumsd to Mmiity 'die 23a of 

t\» Loida defiic On which Day, after the Houle lirascalled, an& 
aCoaftrMMcon- feveral Prolcies admitted, the LoMs took into Con- 
^bMai^ u^" fideration the great Baftnefs for whfA his Maj^ 
, "had fumtnoned difs Parfiament, ind Vhich he iiad 
imparted to them in that Houfe. 'Hrtir Lordfliip* 
agrted fodefireatorferfflicc With the CcKnmohs, 
tor thfc expediting thereof, by -the ■fidkwing Mcf- 

■WTiercas his Majefty, in hrs'Si^edi, liad fiid, 
« That he defigned the Prince and the Dske of atf^- 
inghdm to fiffnify to bodi Houfe» the Parttctifars of 
the laft greatNeeoiiarion,^d hrs'SeweiaHettoftew 
dieXiCtters and Papers Concerning'thcfame:' TTieir 
Xjordlhipe being dcfir6us to expedite this great'Bufi- 
nefs, and hold fair Correfpondmcy whh them, do 
[My, if riieir Occaliong fo permit, a Conf^rehce 
to DC had between both Roufcs, in the Fvinud 
titmier, To-moWow, at Two in die AAernoon, 

',L.(KH^|(J - 

1^ BUG LAUD. i^ 

•JUltl^ UfmOofbtei ujrofthePaxticiUandicaAii. tij^mfU 
Mkuri^. fiflf of them move iny QveAiota, they ><•!•- 
Ib»ll be My and devJy (tiisBtd tberciii.' 

Thil HtwTsffe bdng lent, tba Houfc highljr ap> 
|MWcd of tiiePiiace's AwnOfier to aflift the Dukd 
IM hi,; ileUticsi to bgth HauCu i aid aiCa that the 
Secretaries Ihould attend with tbeir Papent and pro- 
duce them as the N»Tatioil (faall retjuue. Anjw^ 
ts the Mtffagtt ■" That the Commons returned 
*nhrir L«4flupi hevty Th«jk< for the good Car- ^^^ 
rdpondencjf they dcfire to hold with them : TTiey ^^ ' ' 
do moft willingly embrace «*w Meeting, as is dc- 
^aA, 3dA wiU attend thrir Lonlfliip* at the TIm« 
IMd fl«ca«apfMiDte4.' 

The Loitis then proceeded to appoint a Com- 
■littec to take into Confideration tite Cufloms and 
OnJerstrf it^itt Hoirfc, with the Privileges of (he 
Peers of ibic Kingdom, or Lordsof Padianient. ' 

ftk. 34. On a Motion of the Prince, another 
Meflagc WBfilcattothe Commons, importing. That 
dw JUnW Chamhtr being appointed for the intend- 
cd£oK£|icnce that Afternoon, their Lordfliips now 
tieiire diat the faid Meeting might be in ^e Hall, at 
H^hitAtM\ that Room being better acc(»nmoddted 
^ £a£E-and Heuing. Alfo to acquaint them with 
tuS;Hi«|hiMl«'i Refclucion to alfill the Duke in his 
Narration. The Commons readily oRented to the 
StA, and declared ^emfelves much fatisfied with 
che.Piinoe's Oelign. 

*i*. 05. The now Duke of Bvckitigham^ (even 
Barls, one Vifcount, and three Barons, were intro* 
duced into the Houfe of Lords j to their leveral 
Places, with the uAial Ceremonies. On the Prince's 
Motion, the Report which was to be made this 
pay, by the Loid Keeper, of the Duke's Narra- 
tion of Vafteiday, wa^ deferred to the 27th. 

At which Time the Lord fcceper removed from 
the Wool-Sack to his Place on the Earls Bench, in 
order to moke his Report ; the (vA Narration hav- 
ing be«n made to a Committee, and not to the 
Houfe. This Report, being very long, is much 
abridired in Ruffwertb; but, lincc the Leras four' . 

' B 2 Mi 

20 Ih Parliamentary History 

An. 11 Jimei I, nal hath given the Whole, togedier widi Cop!« of 
* '■ the Letters which paSed in this Negotiation, we Ihall 
alfo give it at length ; in order that no Part of on 
; Enterprize and Treaty may be hid, which muft 
then have amazed all Europe, and does ftill demand 
^c Attention of every intelligent Reader of En^ 

The Lord Keeper told the Lords, That 
Th« Lort Keep- "T^ H E Duke of Bwkingham began with a three- 
«•. Itepot *f J fold Preface : 
SS^. ' The/r/conceminghimfelf. 
MegMUtiom (B • The fecond concerning tiic Prince's (Kgbnds. > 
Sr»"' * And the third concerning the Subjt^ whereof 

he was to treat.' 

* As touching tbefirjl, he craved Pardon of both 
Houfes, if, in the Difcharge of this great Burden, 
which his Majefly had impo&d on him, he did not 
proceed in that Order and Method, (wluch left in 
the Memory a fure Dint and ImpreiEon) which thh 
Bufinefs required j and defired them to confider 
bow unufual it was for him to fpealc in fogreatand 
judicious an Auditory.' ' 

* As touching the feaind, he did acknowledge, 
that, among many great ones, this was none of the 
leaft Favours his Majefly had kid upon him, to 

, put him at this Time under the Wings and Protec- 

tion of the Prince bis Highnefs ; without whofe 
Help and AlTiftance, he was as unable to govera 
himielf in the Paits of the Relation, as formerly 
in the Paflages of the Negotiation.' 

* For the third, he noted his Misfortune to fall 
upon a Subje£t of fuch a Nature as fliall afford littk 
Honour to the Rejator, of what AAe£tion or Difpo- 
fition foever he be j for if he be well afiedled there- 

, unto, and Ihall fpeak the Truth, he mull either 

blufli or wrong his Modefty ; if otherwife, (as all 

true-hearted EngUfiimen muft be affefted otherwife) 

he is fure, by laying out all Thin^ in their true 


(r) A full Aiconnt of thefe Proceediogi is printed In Rfmir'i 
TubUi A3i, ftoro the fioffi ef Parlimdti ; lut tills i> chieily topreJ 
'tnai^eLaibJiiunialt. F<ed, Ak£. Tom. XVII. f. jji, Si, 



Cc^otin, to be' taxed of Malice and Envy. How- An. : 
ever, the Bufinefs being of the gl-eateft Importance ' 
that Chrtfiendom has anbrded thefe many Years ; 
ukI that Advice which the Parliament was to give 
his Majefty, being to be founded in part upon this 
Rdation, he would not be afraid to open fo much 
as might perfe^y inform both Houfes in the pre- 
fent Bufinelsj but wpuld fpare, for all that, (as far 
as the Nature of the Relation would give4tim leave)' 
to dalb upon the Minifiers employed from the one 
or the other King." 

And this was 3ie EtfciS of hit GrKc's Pre/act. ^ 

*■ In the Narration itfelf his Grace u&d indeed 
a clofe, but yet an-exa£i and perfeft Method : A 
Mail inight obfervtf therein fix diftinft smd leveral 

The firft KM* the Motives of the Prince's Jour- 
ney te Spain.' . - 
T& fecond was tht Treaty of Marriage frt a. 

Foot in Spain, feverally, and by it/elf. 
The third u«» the Treaty of the Marriage, and. 
Reftitution, united together by a recipraeal Sui- 
The fourth wat the Prihcfe'tf RetUm^WM Spain. ^ 
The fifth was. his Majefty's fubfequent Proceed- 
ings in both the Treaties fince the Rrturn. 
And the \^ wasihe&xan^ the Qijeflion, fuper 
totam Msiteriam. — And therein kelh the Haufet 
were te offer to hit Mejefly their humble Advice • 

Of thefe. Parts his Grace fpokc very dlflinflly 
and orderly. 

I. The Motives of the Printe't Jeurney tt 

His Grace acquaint us with this Metbod^which 
was to open Things. 

* Firft, in the general, and to leave Particulars to 

(hew themfelves,iietookit for eranted that he need 

not b^;in any higbof than the Neg<k)ation of Mr. 

B 3 Chan- 


7be f-ar^attkntarf HiftT*R¥ 

■ I. Chancellor of the Excheqijer ivilh the Airth-I>ii^-* 
efs J which miniftred uDtt> his Majeftv Ht'e firfi Oe^ 
cafion of Je4ou^t >nd made a Kind o£ pltiibver}* 
of their, indire^l Dealing with this Efbte : Aitj then 
ray Lord told us we OiouU fee a Dtfpatchi wtitt^ 
from Hampton-Gturt upon Mr. Chancellor's Re- . 
turn i and after be acqinij^ted tvith Mr. Perur't 
Relation ; which was, in very Truthy djc J\iativi 
of the Prince's Journey.' 

Here was read the Kiss's Lfttft 6f Ae 3d «£' . 
OSoher, i&az, tu the Eari »f Brifiily vis. 

. Right Truftjr and right WcH-be](>rei Coiifl«fr 

and Counlellor, we greet you welL 
efiiBRE h runt Jmwi hetfer ihtm jtntfi^^ Art* 
■^ we have laboured ever Jhbenet the Beginning tf' 
thffe iinfarlunatt Tnidiei tf the Bn^re^ noft^hfli»d~ 
ing allOppapian U the eentrary, ia inerH well ef eutt 
j^od Br-elher; ths. King if S^n* aitd ikt tviale 
Heufe of Auftria j hy a Ung and Ungtring pMfena,, 
^aundidJiiU tepoH his Frieadfilf and Prdmifity Uiat; 
Cari^aaidbe had of tur Hentnr, and if mr Chil- 
drens Patrimony and Inheritance. JVe hme atpiaiiH- 
edyou alfe^ from Time U Timet fine* the Spinning 
'oflheTrealyefBivSds, ho\u er^ Things biM there 
proceeded, nBtwrthfiapding the fdr Pfof^fiont made 
tmt« lis, both by the King ^^^la, the It^^^mtg^vOdaB 
■ ^s Mimfitri J ptd Ae LttUrs written by bin to the 
Sneperaty end theft effeHudfyy at lea/t at they tndea- 
voured ta maie us believe : But tvhat Fnt^ bmie we 
of aU this, ether than Dijhoneur and Sceryi ? Whilfi 
Wt are treati^, theTtun ^ind Cafiit of Heidelberg 
taken by Force, aw Garrifon put to the Swordy Mtift- 
heim befifgei, and all the Hejlility ufed that is with^ 
in the Pvuer »f an EtHmy j «i you tt>iH fee by tht 
Relation v/htcb we have tUDSnanded oar Secretary ta 
fend y»u. 0»r Piee^urv tbtrefwt ity TSw* yoie 
Jball imtnediately, as foon as ysu axn get jtmiintm, 
itthatKit^ under^iid hnb fei^e vx •art tf thift 
Prt(ee£m^ef the Emftrtr towards Vy <amd^ Wb»- 
jifUt lire ml aUttUfrtHbltd to fiiy That At lafmlm 

i4tMV «n fifilttU C«mmffm ta tvicbtje a Si^^f- 44. n ^mwi f. 
jEnf md C^ituni of Armi, fiouli imv, at the kft, *^1' 
vibpt aH Ofje^aai art wt^ireit md the fortnef 
fol^If friteude4 Obji^a haiuved, tut tnij dtiof thr 
(San^^n ef ibt TVat)^, Iv* ^ffufc ta lay htr Cern* 
mpi4 ffvn ^if Sx^roT^i Gavrats far alftainimf 
frm ^ ^g< of cur GanifiMf during tbf Treaty, 
t^Prttuettf^'^ffAut^'']!: Sa dSifqraverd-^ 
*V Sf /ip^frT Di^tuur., wi iave bttn prttd. tt 
X^^bfth ^ ^nitiffiuiar}, as jfufl ^t tin Cianal/er 
^eipr S uf i ff tffr, (if)b^ y tilrigii r^unud ft our 
Pre^O m f^(l>' f^4 Chiclwflcr, wbevt a^ '•? 
mM 14 ftW( fim t(nt» fit Eiitferar ^ fix Ditt at 
KitfiOxiB- ^tag tken^fwt li«^, mr^iy aut ef nir 
effrafrdi'WJ ^^ff^ " **< ^W 5^ Spain, imdlS» 
^rp P^^^fMt IV* twrp^ I? w ^»Ptf and /V<H 
If^iv^hh^dfdpveviii drfiriitgrufbarffitmihil, 
j^r Au C(pifi P^'p'^t ^ osipi «H Occafim th«t 
tivt^ tffl It tnt^ hi Uaderftandiifg TVt'A any af lie 
j^ffi'sf A*tft'>»i *ff V^V bttberta ^ecttded with ^ " 

^j^^g aif otiuf ^axi wbiei might pvti^fy bime 
ftofrfd ti^ Jifj^aiadrr ^ etfr CbiSrati inheritance^ 
i^ffi Gqrrijofi vfbiflf wr t^ainuinedintbt PalaHnatTt 
^^ rathtrfar fi^vp-'i S^ie fv ieef 4 Ffeting m- 
fifl lie G^xfToi Meemmdatie^^ that tbat tvr did r^ 
jr Ji Ottub fn fkfi'r Strength ^ ufm h't fSrimd/htp) 
^^Sd, h iHt (imfidfttct and Seaintjf tf mriy ere fOHi 
pipofid to P^fio^ur pnd Reprwftli : Tsu JImB teS tbtif. 
ft'*¥» t^ ffin '>lf t^fi ^adeirtmirj eadgotd Of-' ' 
t pd^di he £<fth ujed tmetrdi the StaPerar in Mu 

Q^^dfnce vdw^f fbat aur Seturity depewltd) vmth 
. if ffatiffiflfyt by bit Letters and Jl^m_fitrtt hath 
herf Ufbd'ered to beget asd toff^rm m nt> iouf pft 
fartg^ ta any atbtr Ufiy tkm t^ 4 plain Mufe^ htb a£^ 
his fr^ and atfrt i whtrtiy we fvt Ith af ut higJ^ 
VV^td it «"■ f^ffHTx thttigb in « diferenl Depet: 
Wtl^^Ji^fy tht aut tfa true Ser^fe ^ thii 
Wrv^g ^ered to ifi, he wiQt at tvr dear l^^g jSro- 
^1 faifbfyUyfrmife ^ wtdtftiUe, itf«t ht N«mit> . 
vArmm tb/t &q^ find i^fa Hidir oa Hatti mi 
B 4 ^«^ 

■.Gotit^le - — 

24 ^ •Tfirliamentary History r 

i. iiJimMl.SM/, either that the CaftU aR<f Totwr »/ Heidelberg- 
'*^3'' Jhall, -withhi thrte-Jcort and ten Dayt after thU __ 
fBur Audience and Demau^ made, be rendered into 
our Haiids, wilh all Things therein belongirtg to our 
San-in-Law or our Daughter, as near as. may be in 
the Stale they were in vJhen taken ; and the lite far 
Mainheim and Frankendall, if both or either of. 
themjhall be taken by the Enemy tvhiljl thofe Things 
art in treating ; as alfo that there Jhall he, within 
the faid Term of three-fcot'e and ten Days, a Ctffa- 
tion and Sufpenfion of Arms in the Palatinate far the 
future, upon the federal Artulei and Conditions lajl 
propounded by our Amhaffador, Sir Richard Weftoh j 
and that the General Treaty Jhall he fet an fwl ' ogaim, 
enfuch honourable Terms and Conditions at we pro- 
pounded to the Emperor, in a l.etter written to- hint. 
in November lajt, and with -which the King 0/" Spdh 
then (aswe underjlood) feenied fatisfed ; or elf t, in 
cafe thefe Particulars be not yielded unto, and per- 

■ formed by the Emperor its is here propounded, hitt he 
'refufed or dihyea beyond the Time ■ before tneniioned^ 
that then the King ^ Spzin do join his Forces. ^Ptth 
'ours, for th( Recovery of our Children! Honours and 
■patrimony, which, upon this Truft, hath' been thus ■ 
lofi ; or if'fo be his Forces he at this prefint olher^ife 
'employed, as. they cannot give us that Ajfflance which 
we here defire, and, as we think, have deferved, yet 
that at leaf} he will permit us a free and friendfy 
Pajfage through his Ttrritorits and Dominions for fueh 

• Forces as we Jhall fenJ- and employ in Germany ybr 
this Service : Of all which disjuniiively, if you re- 
ceive not from the King of Spain, within ten Days 
at fartheji after your Audience and Propofition made, 
a direif Afjurance under his Hand and Seal, without 
'Delay or putting us off to further Treaties and Gon- 

. ferenus ; that is to fay^ of fucb Reftitutxon, Cejfa- 
, tion of Arms, and proceeding to general Treaties, as 
is byhre mentioned, or elfe of AJJiflgnce and joining 
his Forces with ours a^ainjl the Emperor ; or, at leafi, 
Permiffion of Pajpiges for our Forces through his the 
faid King's Dominions, thaf then you take your Leave 
and return to our Prtfence witbtutfArthr Stir/: 
' ■ V- Other- 

©/■-E.N GLAND. • 2$ 

■Otbmaifi tv fracMd-Hi lie NtgoiiaiitH e^ the Mar- *"• "U*** '' 
ria^t of Bur Stfti a^u^^ng tt the Inflruihem we htne 'W* 
gaunycu. Givea, He. . . 

H^ipton -Court, Oi\, -^ 1622, . 

* Then "his Grace defuing us to take for Truth 
whatibever be Ihould fayj granted and atteftcd b]r 
dK.Pnnce's Prefehcc, he ihewed that tbit Letter 
was not put home to the. utmoft hy the £arl of 
Brifttl; whom, not with ftanding, his Grace excuf- 
cd for the Point of his Return, becaufe he had, 
in another Letter, Ibme private Diredtiona to ftay 
untill his ^lajefty was advertifed from that Place; 
bowjbever he gave out his Komiiig away.' 

' Mr. Porter carried this Letter, with a pcfeiQpto- 
ly Diredtion to return homeward after the ten Uky» 
Stay ; the which Time being now exprted, and no 
Dilpafch prepared, Mr; Perter ^c^^pt to the Conde 
d'Olivares, whofe Servant and Creature hphad fbr^ 
■ merly been, and defired him ro fpeed his X)irpatch, 
that he might have fome good Anfwer to, carry 
home with hiin. The Copde afked hiin what he 
would have? to which heanfwered, Nojnore.tbao 
bad be^ promifed hy th^ J^ng of Spain i which 
was, that i£ a Reftitution was not made of the Pa- 
iatiuate, by way of Mediation, that thep he ^ould 
join in Arms with the King of Greet Briifin to re- 
cover the fame, and give Paflage for the King's 
Forces to come at it. The Conde anfwefed. That 
this Demand was very exorbitant : What !■ His 
Mafter to aJBft with 'Arms againft his Undo, 
^ainft the Catholic League; agiiinft the Head of 
his Houfe? He, would never do ir.' 

* Mr. Porter forthwith rejoined, and aSted him. 
What Hope he could, give hhn about the Match i 
To which the Conde aiSfeercd, That for-the Match 
he knew nothing of it^ nor .would he underlland . 
what it meant.— -And Jicre give me Leave to weave 
in two of thefe ■ Supplements, v^hich the Xxini 
Keeper imparted from their LordJbips to the Houfe 
of Commons, out. of the two fov^ral Letters of 
.the- Earl pi BrifisP.s, that the Hatch wast originally 


a6 ^ ParSameKtay Histoky 

tr »* p^at ptopohUhy Spam, aod not by vs; «inielj». h)r tll» 
*^i- £>uk» of Lrnai snd that die Ktag of %>'t hdA 
dire^ly promifed Affiance ky Atma, in cai|e Me- 
diation could not picviil for tW K«Sn«tiiui of the 

* Mr. fwrtee xqHunted my Lmd of Srifist 
wrdi tbcfe Aniwen, ob&rved hb LsKHkip at the 
firft to be much moved, and to ixf id Angvr> llat 
be wo«M call iyivvam to account if h^ hdd tbis 
Lai^age with him ) and would make hmt oitdu- 
.flaiid tint an Earl of MngioMd waa ae good i Man 
as a Cende of ^«r* .- But feadji^ for Mr. iWv 
. next Momittg> i^ OM>kr was abated y and i» 
himlelf coaMki drat he had chaaged tut ftcMo- 
^ «io8, and concluded to cany the Bufinds more 
*fimly ; for diat having feos afer ^okes witb the- 
CowUforbc^g fe legcrvcd, his Aaiw« wai. That; 
be did sot ttunfc it proper ta impait thn^ M;|rft«ria& 
vith that Frccftom to. him. who was ngt ^ualiieA 
as a public Mintfter. A&. Ptrttr, vacated hen-. ■ 
with, cxpoflulate^ with liie Conde for donyiug; 
that to his old Servant, wluch be had in^tartcd to 
ftoth tiiK Aiitbafladors t with that the Conde fell 
into a Kage, and fwoK Fsta m- ^I'w ^m v^ t^tnlat; 
£mbaiiaderv ml Vtrat, fi tUas affl ££hei ; twt, &ith 
the Conde, I have Re^tm to take it ill at your Haads^ 
fwhom I ever iavot»ed aud tendered as ny Child} 
tbr conamunicetuig dkat to the £ail of Brifidi^ 
which I had told your as a Secret., Ur. Por/o- an- 
fiffcred, Th^t, being a Serv^ of the ^iiog*!, he 
could do n&lefs than acquunt bis AmbailadotriWa- 
wiriiall. But the Tnrth is, that the Ceaidc «a«. 
highly difpleafcd with Mr. Partery infomuch,. dut 
the Dufcc of B-cUugbam coming into Spain, he 
(pake it openly, that he hated the Ground which 
Mr. Ptrter trod upon. Mr. PerUr returning with 
a Difpatcfa fraught with Geaeralitiei, without an3r 
(me Puticular or Certainty at all, joadc his fiLd^ 
tion to the Prince bis Hignnefe ; who, theoeiipiin^ 
code his Rcfc^ution to go in Perlbn to J]laut, and 
gave, himfelf, diefe Realbns for that EiUerpnze, . 
lie faw his Fail's Ncgatia(i(»i deluded i Matuns 


ff E NO LAND. 37 

«f Rcl}^e« gumd span and atatied ) hi) SMItr't A*, ^t j«aw|k 
CoA kiora uid men <leftientc t tbac tlii) was ttie >**3* 
Way to hdp Tltuvs off ev dn } rtitt ikit putka- 
)u- Ddaytras worft tkui'a plain jDcBuI^ and that 
^ccMding to the ufual Prowerb,- ^ Jejptratt B^m^ 
ifo^ bavt a dejptrtle Rantif. TttU Kafolution 
tiir ZTdke, by the Princd bis Commawl, made 
knAwn to the Kins » who, after he had eoiWultet^ 
of it togctba- wit^ them, at the lj^, commands 
the Dulce to acccmpany his HighiwA is tlu* 
. lourncy* 
. And here ends th« ;Cr/9 Put of the NAtftA- 
TtvE^ the Mahts of thc^VriQCC Ua Jowney. 

JL Tilf Tjlbaty rf tbf Maxsiaci fewtvd ima 

* When die ^iace had artired at MadrU, uA 
jmntodiateiy difcovered iunsTelF to the Earl of Srif- 
M tiwDulufent^iKKtDaytooe^aViftt un- 
to 6w Gonde, vho was ib comidcntntal as he re- 
filled to teceive him in his awn Houfe, but gave him 
a|Meeting in a Garden. Here riic Conde magni* 
iied exCeadingly die Prince his Journey} ami^iJied 
the ObliBakas hii Hig;hnefs had put upon that 
Xing and his Kingdoms; laid, that now widMut 
^t peradrenture it muft be a Matdi, and we msft 
ifBift and divide the whole World between ut. T^a 
Complement was very apt (quoth the Duke,) uul 
pn>per to pn>ceed fnom them, who had long IMwnce 
l^ their Im^nation iwsUowed up the World as 
iktek own ; but not to be lb cafily bdiev«d by ut, 
*i l>ei^ no ftnaJl OSa to port diils fuddenly with 
die DUe Half at a Bkiw ; however, the Arabafii^ 
den taok an OccxTion hereupon to move hie Grace, 
That BOW having heard this good Afie6Hon of the 
Oxide, he would write to the King toJuAify them 
fatharfotsaer DilisttchetinthtsKind: Nay,Mt- 
fy, xnfiraml tl«e Duke t thefe are hut Generals, 
whca 1 ictiA tjie Particular tuneable herciaito, I 
Aall bt ready to relate it to lus Mbjefhr.* 

* The next Day after Avhen the King and the 

Pfiotre had met in the Pards^ and performed their 


\ ■ ^ 

aft He-Farlimu^ak} History 

I, xi J«p>«.i- Ititcfview' and mutoal' GerBmohies, Ae' Condfe' ' 
'^'^* . taking the Duke into his Coachi ■^nAMi.Parter-- 
for his Inteipreter, falilng into a Difcourfeof the 
Match, he {aid ilntothe Duke, Let us diipatch this 
'' Mat£h out of Hand, and llrike it up without the 

pept. The Duke anfwered. He liked the Manner 
very well, hut dcfired to. underfiand the Means.. 
Why?. the.Means (tjuoth the Gonde) is verye^: 
It ie but the Convcrfion. of, the Prince, which wC' 
cannot conceive hut hi^ HJghnels intends upon Ms 
Refolutioii of this Journey. .His Grace btfwened. 
&>r^with, That with Freedom' thdy came -thither, 
and with freedointhey would )!ctum.again: They 
were no Jugglers, neither came they to Spain to 
ma]f6 new Bargain^.;' the Prince wns fettled- ia bis. 
Religion, his Confcience ,wis troubled with no 
Scruple ia that Kind; if^th^ ftruck any- more t>n 
that String, they would marrfthc Harmony ^ Then 
laid the Conde, There is, no Way, but<tti'fenil to^ 
i!«me to hafien the Difpenution ; Ta the) which' 
Motion his : Grace affented, laying. The ibonra-! 
they did it, the better iti was.' '. s 

* Whereupon the Gonctc :uutit»:hit Letter :tnr 
the G^rdinal LwUvicBf the Pipt^s Nephew^ Which) 
being ihewed to the Duke,, feemed tahim to be veryi 
heavy andtnefie&ual ; His Grace defiring^theiefoi^ 
to quicken it with fuch a Polbcrtpt, That' now d^' 
Prince beii^ arrived muft not be (eat bacic with-. 
out. his Wife ; that Dday to a Suitor is a Kind. 
of ^efufal I that clogging Intiru£tiona would 
amount ;to a Denial, and new Conditions to. an ab^ 
folute Breach j the Condc fell into Choler, and 
laid direflly. It could not be done. [This the Priact. 
^ffirme.i to be aSid i»his Prefanee.'] Of this Car- 
riage of the Condc, Sir ff^'elter AJhn made i doub^ 
' ful, the Earl of Brijlol a more benign Conftruc- 

tion ; but the Duke a downright ConclulicMi thst 
thefe People never intended either Match or Refti- 
tution ; and fo wifbed his Highneft &iily at Home 
again, and thus the Me0cnger. was difpatched to 


• 5f E N GL AND. " 39 

* By this Time ymi muft imagine dltheSh^ws ^"•■''jHMt^ 
-and CereBioiiies.for die Prince his Entcrtaijiniciit '"*^' 

pxftoverjitnd witliiti'thrceor four Daysafcer^ his 
Ifghnefs is-placed to fee his Miftre& in ^lerPaJTage 
tlinM^ the Streets, as flic maide her Vifits from 
Chuich'i ^ut uidatiiited herewith, snd preffiug for 
AccdTs, he was ddayed from Day toDay, dIUtough 
pnunifed at firft to have it within the Compab of 
■two Days. In die mean Time, the Dulce beaiinc 
that it was refoived ih Council, that this Vim 
'fhoujd be [UUroiF, until the Return of the Difpen- 
&tign, he aiked plainly of the Conde, if it were 
fo? who confeflcd as m'ueh in cffcfl, and gave his 
Grace this Reafon for it, That much Scandal'had 
^ready been tak«i in the Court, that the Prince 
.was permitted toJwve feen the Ini^ta To publiclcly 
.in die open Streets^ and that the Lady fliould M 
ahus divulged and proved.' 

* The Duke replied, He'fhbuld have done well 
to have-dealt freely with the Prince, and to have 
acquainted him with fo ihuch before : After this, 
his Highnefs obtained a Vifit, but a very ftiiange 
one, ajKl ftich a Vifit "is was never "feardof bcforc-j 
he was not fulFered to fpeakto her, but as if he had 
been upui a Stage ; his Partready conned, ^d no- 
thing elfe, in fo many Words and Syllables as they 
had dilated the fame to him. mre the Prince 
was-pleafed to acquaint us wich the Reafon they 
alledgod for dealing fo meaiiircdly and fparingly 
with his Highnefs; they .were not Aftrologers to 
fordee the Event of this Marriage ;, they were un- 
certain whether it fhoitld take £f{ei£t or no, and 
tlierefote they refolved tO' admit him as a Prince 
only, but not as a Suitor. This Reafon' was juftty 
difliked, and this Courie much fufpe3ed hy his 
Highnefs,, as himfelf now atledged, yet the Conde 
falved it up with this Complement, Thatif the Dif- 
penfation. were. once returned, he fliouid lie wiHi 
her even that very Night ; nay, have.herfaefhouid, 

. upon atiy Temis, if he could not be qualifiaj to 

enjoy her as a Wife, vet he fliouldfaave her as ^ 

AiiflM&.'_ ,: . . . . . L 

..;, * And 


3D 7^ T^'ttmmy Htst9%Y 

hsijmii. * Andrew, in part, to «nMflb«ndifcFrince, tnit 
^'^ pnav^f Co pRvent imre Viftn,^ fan Htghoefr it 
<WTJnl to « Caunoy-iUwiic, aUW Armtvifn. Vfs* 
|w » pBc ft d agua tochangr iut R<Jig:ioii, trnt, ho' 
wg id«f an^ ftveffie Id fudi » Metioe, he m lot 
Mpofi bythe Coudc, todiB £i&a, Yet, Sir, ieJi 
WvKmA to jMT Religion : To tlie vl»ch his Hig^ 
nefi jttliKPed, He ms mo £nemT to their &i^r- 
«a,aar4sid>uith2C|i;<>Ke6 k. So«n aftci^ riding 
w « Ccadi, it tns ocged aguti bf ' ^ Conde, 
^T^Mt ihe InfiuitR mi of a toidcr CcnJcieiiix, and 
iS iic fcoidd ceme into England^ and £pd the 
fxiocc an £neii^ unto Jier JUigion, it wovdd 
quite diflnaneii hv; his Hiebnels was thcK&MC 
moved to ptaMnife to hear the Ladr ^wak upoBifaat 
Theme; to this ius Hig^UM& willingj^ osnfented, 
«id te&A tn hie fiaafian, which wu ver^ prohdik, 
becaufe, his Highneis was. as lUce to convert hv, as 
Ibc w» ao pctvcrt him. Not long after, a Confe-^ 
mace -with £3incleained£}irine3 is fireffiMl upon bii ' 
Highflcfi ; whidk the Prbce decUoed »r tbefe 
^AllOtlS - 

.frtfif ' if lus I£glmc£i Ibovld be reported in 
(As his £rft ^mtaaotx into the Theatre of the 
WoiU, tohe-6<Jcle in his S«ligion, and to carry 
■Ade £enqdes Jn his ConTcicnce, k would pmvt 
flmdli to his Oilbooew in all Parts of Chriflrndtm.* 

Seam^ ' Altbo'-his Hi^uids (as he ^delM) 
was not aifnid -to con^B with any Divines } yet, if 
after X>ibittatioti, tbcyihould not prevail a^inft 
» y<MiBg Man, they would remain much diiguftcd 
Mid iU-a&£tcd to the whole NcgotiatitMi.' 

Lqfflf, * If the In&nta did pleafe herfelf, with, 
any imaginwy Hope of converting the Prince, thi« 
Hope woidd vanifli away for the Time to comCt' 
Jf tjiis iblemn Conference proved ineffii&ial : Yet 
the SpainartL were never off from this Kind of 
bnpcartuuity, but fpent therein all the Interim until 
the Rctisn of the PifpenfaticHi.' 

' About this Time, the Conde invited the Prince 

to treat of the Terms of FriendAip ; «^ch bit 

Highnefs put off upoQ this Reafon : Bozauli: the 

4 emergent 


tiK AriMiMhW^)»>6V««SU7aitdlt«liMtatot)B ***• 
Mkftiwg (rf tiwDhpeitfiitHMi ani tfu ^Kfliing of the 

«m]d iMikdltDoubt, bvtdtt ft«Aitt«l(Mi wmU be 
t#:aed ; a^ tbtireftrt lie ^ms, U his Ifi^jhiuft toU 
W^tMttfaeTrMtyflr'theUbftitulmn ym fat oTiSb 
4t4|ii TiflK, fhcragfi te?er held fit, anni iateadeim 
IgMlkMd in -hmi vt4tft the Tretty of Marriage.' 

* Sx Wedcs afier the Prince his Arriwil, anrnfi 
Ofe Dirpt!Mr^ti«n-, friiich) cfmtrHy to many farmdr 
Atoftfficrm, ^tas four or Iwc D«r» oondealcd frotit 
4tis^^he6 : At the iaft, the Dulce kmin% Intd- 
Itgence thei«6f did-Ciitl f«r it, «nd io a CaRimlnvfe 
is itpfMintta «o freiA thereof, mtd the Prince »■ 
ttfidtd Ac Bt^meTs ih I^crfbn ^ tMt, «{k>a ^e fcft 
Opetiiftg; qf >Parttc«tars, the Cmde was fMt xt> 
Stho^, an(l-fhewe(t->Hfl|JiJlf tomierfhind aeww a 
Word cither of the Match or of the RtAitstilMi 
Jif S» Paiatittitte 7 ^rtie At^es4>eing propounded 
tb the Prince hh X^onfideTittkiiH his iSgbiiQai wtrft 
judicioufiy n^tifed to treu, mdcfe he m^K ^avfe 
iAilfarflnce filey ibotAd be dll dekred oimI MCompu»>- 
dMed Upon 'the 'Place, without (<tiidiii| to JUme Va 
iKw-RMmM'ftein ; heeauCe hidHielmeU vndftrSotd 
ftiiB Sniw, by Mr. Gvgt his LeiMr, ^« itbe 
l^^ifpCRfation was returned inu^ dogged in MiUMr 
-ttid Matifter ; a^, -eTpetHally, with <hu aMitncetl 
ttei/ ConStioB, That the K-ing of S^iti, hatotb 
%hie'recetVfng of Che r^rpenfa^fflh Wss » tAs n 
Oath to fee a!l the Articles, whereupon thcFactil- 

^vru ifTttcd, Kallyperfbrnted^ or eUe 'to vnake 
ar, 'in tafe -Of *iy F^lme, i^on t*ie itiog df 
Sfisland: A very odd Gotijun£tiOn with Mattm 
of Affiance, as *e Prince w«U oWerv«d. Hk 
-Hil^neis ^ttt the Queftifin to the Committee, 
Wh^h^r'^eir Kingcoutd, and whothet he wt>uld 
tiSus ihis new-found Otth > Thej anfwefed. That 
%e bating thereof tnWR ^wlK^ly depend and rekue 
to iik Prince his facilittttiHg, here in EngtmU, fosie 
^Cind-slf Ceutaiwncetnt^tu^efllaligion: 'Her*- 


52 The ParHamfftUtry. His %t)KY 

A<«*»0«»«»''i^«iithcPrmcefigiiified to liiem his RefiJueio»« 
*^' iKflt be, neitber cQutd not- would alter any Thing 

, iathe tirft Artides Cant from Mngiind, on'wlUc^ 
the Treaty began. — And here the Duke madeb 
-Remonflrance unto us, That'if ahy Thing con- 
jcerning Religion might feem to be added, (for ^e 
Prince faid, that nothing was fo added indeed) 

. wherowith his Majefty was no): formerly acquaint- 
ed, that it was not the Prince nor his Grace's 
Taiijt; Nay, in one of the Articles fought by -the 
Pitpf, and cocnprel^nded in the Prince his private 
ProDiife, a ^jreat Conteflation arofe between the 
•£ari of Brifiol and the Duke; wherein his Gracp 
iaid, he {hewed himfelf refolute, which the, Earf 
termed Opintonaftre, alledging, That the Point in 
Queftion was already agreed upon, at leaft, in In- 
tention, between the two Kings. This the Duk« 
denied, and was fithence juftined in his Demal bj 
the King's Majefty.' 

' And now the Junilo of Divines are met to- 

f ether, to refolve the Cafe of Confcience upon that 
reparation and Predifpofition of Things and hSti'- 
ons, whether their King might lafely take the Oath ? 
At this his Highnefs enquired. What that meant ? 
But Anfwer was made. That it was only for 
Form Sake', and fhould not ijelay the Buiineg the 
Length of one Hour; as the Prince was pleafed to 
tell us : But the Truth is, this Committee was the 
Conde's Wheels, where\nth he fet the whole Framf 
of the Bufmefs backward and forward at his own 

* By this Time, the Prince hath gone thro' all 
, the Articles tt^ether with the reft ofthe Commit- 

tee, and. leaving three undecided. That of the 
Church ; that of the Nuife ; and that of the Edu- 
cation of the Children ; which his Highnefs referv- 
eA untilhe fhould fpeak with the King himfelfj 
-and. going with the Conde in his Coach, he ac- 
quainted him with his Refblution for thofe three 
Particulars ; which, the Conde writing dowq in a 
Pair of Tab^fe-Books, faidj That now the Bufinefs 


e^ENGLAND. 33 

was in k Vetter Wa^ than ever : It was a Match, *■■ »' J*nK* 
and, without more ado, fl»e was his Wife." i«j. 

* But, the very next Morning, came the Mar- 
quis of Montei Ciaroi artd the Conde de Girtdtuntre, 
and fpake to the Prince of the fame Match) as of 
a new Thing) and told him plainly. That Unlefs 
his Highnefs came to all die Conditions of the Dif-* 
perifatitins) as they were fent froih Rome;, clearly 
and entirelyj nothing would be ddne; foi they had 
no Power to remove or alter fo much as a Word of 
ftlfe Latin: Whereupon his Highnefs was juftly 
diftaAed, and offered to break ; for, as hitnfelf told 
us, this was the iirft Time he faw clearly they 
wanted to juggle with him; for the which Altera- 
tion and Change of Counfets all the Excufe they 
offered was this. That they were Beafls, and blind^ 
apd could not read their own Language.' 

' The Prince, thus refolved to take his Leave, the 
Conde ftays him with a double Propofition ; Either 
to fend to Romi to have the Articles, as they were 
agreed upon, confirmed by the Conclave; or elle to 
lend to Englandy that the King our Mafl'er might 
be drawn unto them. Word for Word, as they came 
, fihoin Rtmt: To the which his Highnefs returned 
Ais Anfwei-, That he accepted of both Offers, as 
in due Form and Manner ; that they fhoiild fend 
,to RonUy and himfelf would repair into Englnn^^ 
to difpofe his Father to this Eflefb, and to facili- 
tate the Negotiation. And here the Prince, declared 
his Refolution to procure either a fjir Breach or a 
fpeedyDifpatch. TheConde,findingthis to amount 
to a Breach, thereupon made a new Propofition, 
That the Prince would be plcafed to ftay twenty 
Days, until our Mafter's Anfwer might be bad 
from England' 

. ' Here the Prince how the Earl of Brj^fl 
bad laid unto him. That this Was but a mere Punc- 
tilio; and that he received it from very good 
■Han^, that if his, Highnefs made Shew to yield 
unto this Propofition, he fbould not be tied thefe^ 
'Wito; but (faid "his Highnefs) whwi'Ihad oncede- 

V«L. VL C tt|inin»4 


34 ^ Patliamentary H i s t o fe y " 

/ta. *i JwsM I. f ermined to ftay, I never beard more of the Punc- 
**>l' - tUio, but was feft bound to real Pprformance.' 

^ After this the Condc and the Earl defired the 
Prince to fpeak ho more of his Return in this Sort ; 
for if he did, they would quarrel with it as amount' 
ing to a kind of Menace or Threat ; whereupoa 
the B.ukc anfwercd, That this they could not do^ 
becaufe the Prince bare hioifelf as Xtxt well latisfied 
with the Journey, and no way diftalled' at all with 
any Occurrences^in Spain; but troubled only with 
that clogging of Articles which hap[}ened in Rsmet 
But the Earl of Briflol replied. That he knew from 
good Hands, that if his Highnefs fVayed, they would 
prefently fail to Bufmefa. The Prince then ref<dvB«l 
to ftay, upon Condition, that Sir Francis Cettitigle» 
might be difpatched away within two Days ; and ' 
a Courier might overtake him with the Articles 
that fliould be fent after, as foan as ever they could 
be made ready, which his Highnefs well hoped 
might have been the very next Day ; his Highnef* 
took Care hereby, left the Health of his Secretary, 
upon whom the Difpatch of the Bufinefs whoUy 
depended, might be impaired with any extraordi- 
paiy Riding : This Condition of his Highnefs, al- 
though the Conde (to gain more Time) much op- 
pofed, and would have Sir Francis ftaycd there un- 
til the Anicles Oiould be perfectly digefted ; yet» 
^ the Prince's fixed and conftant Refolution, the 
Contrary was at the laft obtained. And now the 
Articles are laid upon the Anvil again, and the 
two Days of their Hammering fpun out to twenty i 
. ' at the End whereof they brought them in with new 
Additions and Alterations, hoping that his High' 
nets, through Hafte or Unadv^cdnefe, would uut 
his Eyes, and fup them up without more adoL 
But the Prince read thnn, fotmd out the Alttra- 
lions, and upbraided them with the Prance; and 
/ when they excufcd themfelves, as ignorant of the 
Foimi ttie Prince ofiered to help tbein with » Pre- 
cedent, viz.' 

' That taking the Oath ufed in die Matri^fr- 
Tnsty between King PbiUp and Queen Jt£ry* 

-A^vE KTGL AN U 35 

ii^'aMiTig 40 ie'eacK Article agtecd ttfton, theyAi*iJ^mo.L 

blight draw It Hp iiccorcljngly ; whereupon thty *^i' 

^natchei ths t^per out of the PiiDce's Hand, a; re-- 

£>lv«d to puTiiie 1iu& Di(e£Uan i but> a Sevennigbti 

afterj brou^w them baci: agun, as r^w and unbQi- 

ward ascVer t)i^ ttwic; fb as the Pfince was faiit 

^ >^e tbem M Hatid hvnfeif ) who, by the Mi-, 

htftry of Uto Eiarl cf "Brijitl, framed them ufi in i 

icw Heiirs; to (he fuU Approbation of all the Com- 

airttee; bue^as the Duke obferved) it was not the 

Dif^atctl of r the BDf»ie&, hax. the Approach of the 

Heats) and, confequetttlyj the Stay of the Prince* 

which wa» the- jirincipal Ol^eft of the Span^ 

CoHftfellors.' ■ 

T^e ArticlBs Whg at the kft fcnt into England^ 
the _|iin^ ofCitincfl delfvered their Opinionsi that 
the Infonta Could fent orer before the Spring 
tefiitng: But the Prinoa renumbering a former 
Promife, 'diat the Jun£to fhould not retard tUs Ne'. 
rotiation for one dour, refohrcd once moie to 
break Che Tr*iiyiu?o(i tkb Oocaibn. This pvi 
tiie Cohde-tfrltis InrcAtion a^in, and caufed him 
to make to the Duke and Sif IfhJttr j^ajf, an^l 
ther I>ropoFfithHi i That i^the Ptinoe vmM ftty-tiU 
their ArabaJ&derS' IkoiM certify cut of Mifgiaildt 
that the ArtkiM were allemed to hy. Qiit King, 
and put in Execution ; dien the Lady fhould g9 
bver with Ms Highnefs, this Vote of the Divinef 
ftotwithrfandlngi His Grace anftffored to this Proi 
t>o<itioh, Thatit was yet worfc in Subftanctf than 
the otberj for the AmbaRadore m.ay be Gntfi^rly 
affcAed ; befide»^ it was a fiuTitmfa of no fmall Im-i 
portanee to tonnive at fo m^ny Laws a» w^m . 
pointed at In the Articles) many Occafions of Com.-* 
ptalht might Irttervene hersapqhj in the larg* 
Circuit of Engkhdi Scatland and irtimd; the Am-* 
ba^don might take a falfe Alarm thereb)-, an4 
irtuni their Certiiicate accordingly; the 
IVince'e Stay fhould be frulltated and maie of jio 
Efiea. Then the Conde defired the Duke to £o- xa 
imto the Commiffioners, who wore litting bat^l 
1>y, andtoaflc-'tketntbnt Qpuiiauaj ^w t^ Di.f 
C 2 Acuities 

^6 7be Tarliaiaetttary H j «t o a r 

a. iij'netT.ficuIties might be ikcilitatcd ; die Duke replied, 
i5*j-- That he knew it was but loft Labour to go fixxn 
him, the proper Oracle, to thefe Cocmmffiofieis 
for the AfToyling of that Riddle ; yet die Conde 
prefTed his Grace to do fo ; and the Duke ftcppi^ 
forwards, towards the Committee-Chamber, was 
called hack by the Conde, and defied to put dw 
Qucftion after this Manner : Whit Requital or Sa- 
tisfa^ion Ihall the King of SpaiH return for the Fa-> 
four the Prince had done him by undertaking this 
Journey i To which his Grace replied. That now 
the Queftion was varied, and the State of it al^r- 
ed ; Yet (quoth dieConde) for my Sake,makevour 
jiril Approach upon them with this Queftion. The 
Duke to fatisfy the Conde, went in unto tfaemi 
who wondered much to fee him } he told themy 
be came by the Perfuafton of the Conde, to pro- 
pound this Queftion to them. What Requital or 
Satis&Aion, i£c' 

■ ' They looked one upon anotheti and* in the End, 
bne of them gave him Anfwer, That he fbould re-<, 
turn to the Conde, and take fiffii bim Satis^^tion 
to his Queftion.' 

■* And fo the Duke went back to the Conde, 
who prefently required what Anfwer he had receiv- 
ed ; the Duke told him. Such a one as he expell- 
ed, and if they had given him any other, they had 
not fo well defcrved that great Truft and Employ- 
nient in the State, which the King bad moftprudcnt- 
ly impofed upon them. Why, quoth the Conde, 
Wliat was their Anfwer ? Surely, faid the Duke, tQ 
hold you no longer, it was this. That I fliould re- 
turn back again to you to know it. With that, tbe 
Conde rapped with his Staff, and, callmg in the 
Chancellors, he fpake unto them in fuch a perplexed 
Stile, as though be would have them undeiftand hiy 
Meaning (but yet for fear the Duke fbould do fb 
too) by any Thing rather than by his Words. At 
the laft, the Bifhbp of Segovia anfwercd bis Grace to 
this Effea, He had heard fomewhat of the Eftate 
of our Kingdom, and had received it from good 
Iltods, Tint out Kiiig could not make » Tolera- 



lion widMut X Rdsdlion ; and h? eafilv believed it. An. •* Iwnei I. 
becaufe the King of Spain is not able in his Domi- > i^ij. 
jiions to eSoEt the like Enterprise, without incin^ 
ting the like Danger; and therefore concluded it 
^ras unlafe to fend the Lady^ thither at this Time ; 
becaufe we having granted ai mirtji, in tffc&, as 
% Toleration^ it was very probsdilc fhe fliould be 
welcmned with a Riiing and Rebellion. To tiie 
which the' Duke replied, That if the FavouVa, 
which the King bis Maftcr had extended to his 
Catholics, at ^c Mediation of that King and the 
Advice pf that very Committee, be of fo dangerous 
a (^mfequcnce, it feemed their LonUhips, who 
gave dkeir Advice for the Articles, then kjicw th^ 
poftended Rd>ellion. But youmuil know (quota 
the Didce) dtat if his.Higfanefs bad been of my 
LcHrd B'Jhop's Opinion, that tbofe Connivanco 
had amounted to 2 Toleration, he had never ac- 
cepted <^ thefe Articles to have gained any Alliance 
in the whole World : This was but a temporary 
SuTpenlion of penal Laws, but no Toleration i 
which was never ofinvd to be thnift upon the State 
of England^ but by Content of Parliament. Then 
they all looked ^ilhfiilly at GvndcTKrr, as the Sur- 
veyor General of Eagiandy and Author of that In- 
telligencej ibdiat, being eyed by them all, and in 
a Manner pointed out, he faid, I muft confels, the 
King of Ert^aad is a very learned King, bath go^ 
verned long, and ia very rich in the Hearts of his 
SubjeAs; yet do I not n9ld it fitting to fend the 
lafaau thither before th,ft Articles be perfeflty put 
in Execution ; nay. Sir, you know very weil tfurt 
I have formerly dealt very plainly and freely herein 
with the King of Great Britain, To this the Duke 
readied. That now he had provoked him very iar, 
for he bad been acquainted with the Treaty from 
die Begjnnii^, and never yet beard a Wont ^1 
to that Purpofe j nay, on the contrary Side, the 
Conde de Gundanure offered to our . King the 
Dau^ter of Spain, and begged this Alliance merely 
for the AQiance Sake, widiout any Prejudice to tha 
prefent Govenunent, pr the Keligioo cfiabtUked, 
C 3 A. i 

3^ 7h .Parrtameniary Hi s t r V 

m. ai Jwcil.Andthzt when we objected tiib Diladvafntage o^ 
■ '^^i* treating with the Catholic Kiog, becaufe or that 
tizpk I&or, to {tip in and out »t,' st hif Pleafii're, 
(to wit) the fefe^s Corififtoryj Giindaitktri Xv^mA^ 
The Popt (liii(l not but difpenfe with this Matdn 
if Spain (6 repaired ; uid, for Proof aUed^ di- 
vers Iiiitapces of Biifinefs refolv'cd in Sfaix^ th6ugli 
difliked by the Jpept ; to which notwt^lhuiding his 
HoUnefs gave his Confept for mere' Fear left his 
Aflent fhould not be expe£le(] QC required. The^ 
IJonde de Gvndamere took this very offenfively at; 
the Duke's f^ands, to be told of thofe Stories, in 
Spain, which he had provided for the Meridian <4 
Englmd-f and did his Grace no^o6d Offices frettQ 
ihat Time forward,' which the Duke little r^wd- 
cd i yet one of his Requitals is very menu)rtib}e, 
that at the very fame Inftant, he infufed itito tht 
Prince's Highncfs that the Duke wis in He»(t (iu 
he laid all his Kindred were) a Roman Catholic i 
and, to It Jefuit of great Account and Zeal in tbofe 
Parts, that he was a pioft ohftinate, pierverfe, and 
refractory Puritan, which bred his Grace muchi 
JIatrcd among the Zealots in thole Parts.' 

* About this Time it was reported, that hi* 
Highnefs maile fome Proyifion to fteid out of the 
Country fecretly ; and it is verr true that Ways 
were laid to intercept him, arid m fucb a Cale tij 
detain hioi openly and avowedly aa a Priliiner, 
Hereupon, my Loid Diike was fent unto them with 
this brave Remonftrance, That although they had 
ftolen thither out of Love, they frould never fleal 
irom thence out of Fear ; and, howeveE, others 
were guilty of thinkiiig, they two Ihould rtevcr be 
guilty of taking fo poor and unworthy a Coiirfe.'. - 

* And fhe Prince making about that Time a 
pirpMCh unto his Father, fent unto him this Mefr 
fagc, by Mr. Grayxes, TTiat if his Majefty Ihonlct 
receive any Advert! fement that he was detainedby 
that State as a Prifoner, he would be pleafed, bit 
his Sake, never' to think upon him any longer as i 
Sun { but to r^ed, ' with ^1 his Royal Thoughtc* 
upon ^e-Good (^ his Sifter, and tbe Safety ^ hi* 
I • Kiiigdom 

e^'E N G L A N D, 39 

Itingd^i ; neverthelefs, the Priijce commanded Ab. «i S*aa 
Graymes not to deliver this MeiTagc, unl^fs he heard l'*3' 
^at his Highnefi was there detained.' \ 

» And thus far extended the fifoui Part of tlfc 
^ARRATiv?, The Treaty of '^c Malcby as It 
ftood fevered and tjivided.' 

JII. The Treaty "f '** Match avd RpsTiTOt 
TlON rseiprocally fuberMwOtd. 

* When the Prince had refufed the former J^roi 
pofition of the Conde, to exped the Certificate 
from the Sfamjh ^mhaSiAon^ and w^ refolved t6 
ftav no longer ; the Conde betakes himfelf to his 
\aXt AnchOT, and <^ered to his Hi^nefs^ in cafe 
he wo(i1d accept of the Time of the Tnfanta's going 
at the Spring, in a blank Paper to fpt down his owQ 
Condidons for the Rcflitutlon of the Palatinate^ 
To this his Highnefs began to liflen, as well k- 
membering his Father's Commandment laid upoi) 
bim at his Departure, that, together with hisAUi|- 
ance, he fliould endeavour to the utmoft of hU 
Power, the Peace of Chrtflerubm; he therefore fent 
the Duke and Sir JValter Aften to the Conde, to 
know whether he meant fertouHy and really in this 

< The Conde avowed that he did ; and that this 
was the only Way now left to gain tiie Pahtinate 
\>j Way of Treaty, otherwife the King our Ma^ 
tcr muft reiconquer it with Arms if he will have 
it. This being juftified to the Prince, by the Duke 
»nd the Interpreter, (whom, in every Employ- 
ment, the Duke brought ftill to the Prince for the 
Witnefs of his Negotiation) his Highnefs, to prcr 
vent llie further Shedding of Chriftian Blood, 
yielded to the Propofition for his Stay.' 

* Here it is fit to obferve this PalTage, which is 
the Thing upon which all his Highnefs's fiibfequent 
A<%on3 arc turned and moved ; He had never (laid 
x Scvennight longer in Spain, he had never left any 
Proxy with the Earl of Brljfely he had never taken 
^ Oath at (he $fcurtal, or fo much as ever written 

■ ■ ■ C 4 3 Lcner 


40 The Farliamenfary H r s t o r y 

a. >t Jamei !■ a Letter of Complimept to the Lady ; bat that he 

»**!■ ' haJ ftill before his Eyes as his Land-Mark, the Pro- 

. mife made by the.Coiide for the Reftitution of the 

Palatinate. This ore Obfervation will ferve as a 

Torch, to cafl not only a Light, but a Luftre, 

upon all his fubfeqiient Adiions.' 

' At this Stay of the Prince's, there appeared ge- 
nerally in the Court, great Alacrity, fuch Careffei 
and £xprel£ons of Joy, as the Duke profefled he 
never faw the like.' ■ r 

* His Grace'laying hold upon this good Humour, 
thought it beftflriking when the Iron was hot; and 
begun to caft about how to (horten tKefe Months, 
and to haften the Delivery of the Lady. He pre- 
fented unto the Conde, how his Mafter was now 
in Years, the Prince was his only Son, and he 
longed to fee Iffue by him. That his Highnefs 
would fufFer much in his Honour and Reputation, 
to return Home without his Wife ; that the In- 
fanta coming in his Company would open tg her a 
wide PaiTage into the Hearts and Afe^ions of all 
die People ; that this ^ould kill, in the very Root, 
the Praflices of other Prjnces to divert this Alli- 
ance ; and laftly, this would put an eternal Obli- 
gation upon tnc Duke himfelf, and a glorious 
Luftre and Repute upoti his prefcnt Journey anl 

' The Conde faid hereupon, That he was be^ 

witched with thcfe Reafons, and affured the Duke his 

Motions fiiDuld take Effefl, only the Prince miift 

' not be acquainted therewith ; but himfelf woiild 

fuddeply prepare for the Voyage, and would needs 

have the Prince name a Day for his Dcpartun!, 

which accordingly was defigned and appointed.' 

, ' This News either came indeed, or was pre- 

tepdt;d to have come, to the Infanta. She is fup- 

pofed to take it exceedingly ill ; and the Condefla 

d'Olivares, who hath the Care of her Education, fejit 

unto the Prince, that it became him not to forfake 

the Cpmpany of fucK a Lady, tijr the gaining pf a 

poor Circumftancc of Time, Jtfter fo many and 




rf EN GLAND. 4, j 

feiextiaordjnaryExprefiionsof LoveandAffedion; ka.i\fyunl. 
9Bd upon her Aflurance that no Advantage fhould'be I*>^ 
taken of that Promife, prevailed on his Hiehnefs 
to return this Compliment, that rather than give her 
Highneis any Difguft, he would ftay for her feven 
Vears. The Conde (Who winked thro* his Fingers 
at thefcAftionj of hii Wife) being prefled to prepare 
for the Infanta's going (according to that Encbant- 
Qent the Duke had caft upon him) burft out into 
Oaths i and demanded. If they thought he bad no- ' 
diing dfe to do with his Mailer's Money, but to 
throw it out of the Windows in this kind : And 
when the Prince replied again. That if he were fa 
careful a Steward for his Mailer, his Highnefs 
bimfiilf would defiray the Preparations; he refufed 
the Offer, and faid, his Mailer expected no fuch 
Supplies. By this Time Sir Francis Cottingian ar- 
rived with all Things perfcftcd by the King, and ■ 
Letters of good Satisfa^on from the Ambaffadors, 
and a Command from our King unto his Highnefs^ 
to make his Return within one Month "a^er the 
Reception of thefe Letters. When the Princeex- 
peded to have found them wrapt in an Extafy of, 
Joy, they were in much Diforder at the Hearing of 
the News ; and infinitely troubled that tis Maje^ 
faad fowell and fo quietly overcome fo many Parti- 
culars. Here the Duke made his Annotation, That 
he did not poittively affirm they meant to have 
bred any Stirs in England; but this he wdl remem- 
bered, that when the Prince, to difpute them out ' 
vS their unreafpnable Demands in Matters of Reli- 

fion, 'oli^eS^ againft them, this Danger of Rebel- 
on, they replied again, That if he feared any' 
fuch Thing, he ibould iie waited upon into E>^- 
land with a good and ftrong Army to decide all 
Contfoveriits in Religion : A Courtefy, as the Xxird 
Keeper obferved in reporting the fame, better un« 
derftood in A^lan, Napksj and Germany, than. . 
hittjerto (God be thank«l) in this Ifland ; but the 
Prince fold us his own Anfwer to this Compliment 
of theirs was. That tbe Remedy was worfe than 


4« ^e P^Hidm^a^ Historv 

I. ziJuDcil, * Yet all this while thtre was no Preparatioif 

'?*^' madcbythcCondc, not fo much a; for the Prince'^ 

Journey J which his Highnefa find,- *as therefore 

deferred in Hopes to have m^e hirii f^ an4 be^ 

■^ trothed before his pcparture,' 

' Upon the Certificate 6f the Ambafladon 
brought by Sir Francis Callliigfeii, the Duke pjef- 
fcd die Conde witl^hts former Protnife to driver 
. the Lady now, tjie Condition being performed. 
ThcCondetoidhim,ThtTiincw«B^ftj andth'o* 
his Grace ofiered to tarty the very Brim oi Wintep 
for her Company, yet was the Motion flighted^ 
tnd the Duke dellred to tfouble hhnlelf ^ Qioie 
with any Thoughte to that Purpofe.' 

* About this Time the Conde renewed tbq 
Treaty for the Reftitution rf the Pahtimite j %r 
ing. The Lady fhould by no Means go into Eng- 
land before that Bufint&'vns accomoioiAttd'. And 
»fter Conference with the German AmbaSadorsj^ 
there was proje^ed a Reftitution of the Land to 
the Son, upon Conditioff of a Marriage with the 
Emperor's Daughter, wjfidi the Prince did not 
diflike ; but diere was added wtthal, another Con*, 
flition, that his Son fhould be bred in th^ £mpe> . 
n>r*? Court, which his llighnefs uttwly rejeftcd.* 

* As concerning the Prince Palatin* himleif, hi 
muft, like Caia, have a Mark of In^ny upon bi^ 
Perlbn ; and, for his Electorate, it was a Thing 
in NuhibuSi which hung in the Air, and alto^ther 
beyond their Reach and Power t nor wo«!4 they ' 
by any Means undertake the fame.' 

^ Then the Prince demanding of the Conde, 
Whether, jn cafe the Emperor proved relra£boryy 
the Kingi his Mafler, would affift him vith Anns^ 
to reduce hiin to reafonable Terms ?' 

* The Conde anfwerednegativelj*; becauft; they 
had a Maxim of State,, That the King of Spatj), 
^ufl never fight againft the Emperor.' 

' He had, indeed, (for it was not to be denied) 
dealt very ill with them in this Particular : but if 
he Should beat and bufiet-them, they w($uld nef 
promife to employ their forces agaii^ ^e Houfs 
' ■ ... , 9^ 

rj- ■,i-,Goti'^le 

./EN C-L AND, 43 

p( Jifjiria. |]ercup<vi his Highnefi made his Pro- ^v* aijratfil* 
fcfi»tToii to the Condc, Look to iE» Sir, far if you ."»^' 
tiold jreurfelf to thai, there is an End of all : f6r> 
witlMut this, you may not rely upon cither Mar- 
riage or Friendlhip ; for I mull,' as I am requiredf ' 
rctiffn fo my Father^ and acquaint him with your 
. ^lefolution in this Point. Look for i)eicher Marr 
riage nor Friendlliip without Reftitutioo of the Pa^ 

' Yet was qot the farl of Brl/igl fo abfolutcly 
perfuadcd of the Prince's Rcfolution ; for he offer- 
i;d (as was related in the Houfe of Commons) to 
lay with him a Ring worth looo /. that for all his 
Father's Letters, nis Hlg^nels would keep his 
fhrj^Titai at MaJriJ ; wmch Waeer the Prince i 

laid with bim, and gave away his Ring before his 

' About the Time it was concluded that, the 
Infanta fliQuld not come away with the Prince, the ' 

Duke tQok occafion to open hb Mind with ibme 
Freedom to the ConJe d'Ohyares: He had put 
him in min^ how be bad formerly told his Grac^ 
That they in Spain could do with the P«pe what 
they would -, and that his Holinefs never aJTented 
to the Llifpenfation, ^ntil they had faid it was 
full Time, and had given htm his proper Cue: 
And that the Conde was the Caufe of calling the 
Jun<fto of Divines ; which the Conde. confelled, 
pkyingi That ^e Devil had put it into bis Head 
lo to do. Alfo that the Conde had oSeted to his 
prace the prefent conducing of the Lady, fo as he 
would hut endanger bis Soul for the Favour, and 
turn Rpman Catholic. To all this the Conde made 
Anfwer, That there were but three Ways to wade 
-thtpugb this Bulincrs ; whereof two were good, 
jhe third an ill one ; The firft good one was the 
poovcrfion of the Prince, which now he fownd - 
was abfolutely tmpolfible ; The fecond good Way 
• was, that as they were obliged by the Prince's free 
c<»ning into Spfiin, fo they, with the like Free- 
dom, to deliver up the Infanta into his Hands, truft- 
ias him wttfafOUt further Qonditjop : And the third 
' - " Way, 

44- ^ PoT^amenti^ H i s t o r r 

*■ '/^"""^ Way, which he fai^ was 4 very ill ore, was t« 
*^ wrap" him and fwadle him up, as bard as thw could, 
with nice Articles and ftrifi Condtdons. Wherc' 
upon die Duke replied, they had made Mede^t 
Choice ; diTcovered the heft, anrf cbofcn the wcvft 
, of all die Ways. The, Conde replied again. That 
if he were a Coiuilcllor at large, he would advile 
the King R> commit die Infanta untti his Higfaiic& 
freely and abfolutelva without Conditioni: So weuM 
lie do, if he were King; and, as he was, be would 
do fb, if the King was thirty Years of Age | but, 
being a Favourite, to anfwer the Anions of a mi- 
nor King, (although he cannot deny but it lies in 
bis Power) yet he refolved, the In^nta fliall not 

fo along with hts Highnefs, but upon thefe Con- . 
' Thuj, by this Time, the braveft Prince in Eti' 
npe is grown cheap ,3nd vulgar in the Court c^ 
Spain^ To as they fcarce beftow a Vifit on him j and 
the Condt came very feldom at him, prctendmg, 
for a Reafoh, that his Highnds lookel but heavily 
on him. In fine, die Duke was &in, to n^otiate 
the Condeflii, to procure her hori to voudiiafe, 
now and then» to look upon his Highnefs.* 

* About this Place the Duke de(£red tousbowi 
in the Flafliings and Lightnings in the C<xtde's Fa- 
vour toward him, thde two Letters cams to be 
prodticcd, which are to be read by and by. Th* 
Conde, when in the good Humcur, told hu Grace^ 
That now certainly it was to t>e a Match, and that 
the Devil could not break it. The Duke replied, 
he thought fo too ; and that the Match had need be 
firm, which had been fevcn Years in foldering.' 

* The Conde denied it, and faid pisunly, it baii 
rot been really intended feven Months. The 
Duke rejoined. That if he were fure of that, hc 
could ingratiate himfelf very much wiA his Mat- 
ter, and receive many Thanks for his Journey and 
Employment ; if he could make it appear to the 
King, that the Marriage was the Pnxluce of this 
Negotiation only. Then faid the Conde, I will 
letch tiiat out oi my Defk that fhaU aJTure you 


•A E N G t A N D. 45 

Acffcrf'} and fo produced thefetwo Letten i Tht^ ai JmmIi 
fiifi ms written mth the King of Spmfi owr '**>* 
Hand ; dwn read orer fi?c or fix Times, and the 
Subftance colledcd in their Memory, hj the Prince 
and Sir ^al^r J/iMy (the Duke hsiving promifed 
k ibould Jioc be copied, and indeed the Time not 
pennicrii^ to do it) and, by and by, after fet down 
inWritii^; ifwercoiemherwhoweretheNotariei, ' 

wenecdnotdoubtbutitisauthcnticallytaken. The 
iecond Letter is tranflated by the Prince himTclf.' 

The King of SPAIN'S Lrttik of the 5th 
of Nfvanbrr^ i6ai. 

€T*HS Kmgy ny- Fetlur, Jtclared at hli Vtatfxy 
■^ that bii Intent never was te marry my S^tr, the 
Infimta Danna Maria, with the Priiue ef Wales ( 
vAitb ytur Vnca: Dm fialtazar linderflaisd, and fi 
treated this Matth ever with Intfntim to dtlay it ; 
nrtxeitl^tmding it it navufo far advaiued, that, cen~ 
fidering vaithaUtht Aver/enefs »f the Infanta to it, it 
it Time tafeekfame Meant te divert the Treaty, which 
Iwtuidhave you find out, and I will make it good what-' 
evtr it be ; huty in all other Tiingi, procure the Satif- 
foBipa »f the King of Great Britain, who hath de- 
ferved very much, and it JbaU content me, fe that it V 
net in the Match. 

The Conded'OLIVARES's Lettei of the. 
8th of Novctnbir, 1622, toudting ^e Marriage. 

^Onftdtring in what EJlBte we find the Treaty of the 
. ^ Marriage Between Spain and England, and 
Jbuwing certainly hew the Mmijlers did under/land 
tint Bufmeft, that treated in the Time of Philip III. 
(new in Heaven) that their Meaning was never ta 
effeS it J hut by enlarging the Treaties and Peintt ^ 
aie faid Marriage^ to make life of the FriendftAp »f 
the King of Great Britain, as -well in the Mattert 
^Germany tfi ^Elandcrs J and fyfpt£ting lUewifiy 
that jour M^efty it of the fame OpinigH,attho' the 


%b ^ ' Paritafii^taiy' tl is T 6 r i- 

Ut%. tians; yet' it is eertaint tM At Infimta Bonna m»i^ 
ria is refihed iaput-herfef iHl» «*/pifi:alMg {f)^ tki 
fame t>ay ikatymr Mtgtfry ^U f^ifi her ta maU 
this Marriage j / thought fit to reprefint unto yna' 
Ma^efiy thai ivhidr my }ofd Zeai hatko0reA uhid mt 
m ri»j Occafain j thifMng it * goed'Tihie to Bequaint 
yeirr Majefij tuithtdi, to the en4ym may refohi af 
thai which ytu Jhall find mtfi ct/tveitieta, wHh the M- 
'Vuejf theft MttlMtrs (hit yev JMtthittJt fit: 

The King if Great Britain dath find himfelf, at 
^fTme, tqaaUy engaged in tw9 BufiAtfes; H>ta:^ 
is the Marriage, to whiti it is mmid by tht Conve- 
niences that he finds in yaur Mi^ijhfs Friendjhip, 
, witheitt maiiHg an Agreement taiich thefe Cahofyt 
that he tbtnis are fetretty hi his Kingdom, And hy this 
to affitre kimfilf if them ; ai lUewife to marry h^ 
Son ta one of thf thufe of Auftria, hmuint that iW 
Infanta Donna Maria it the biji bom Lady in thi 
World. The other Bufmefs is'' the ItfflifutioK of **> 
Pabttinate, ih which he is yd more engaged', fiir he^.^ 
fidei that his Reputation is at the Stake, there is added 
the lave and Intereft of his Grand Children, Sons of 
his only Daughter; fo that, both by tht Law of JVa- 
li^re and Reaftns of State, he ought to fttt ^'em be- 
fore whalfotver Ineonvenientet might foUow from dif' 
fembling what they fuffer. 

I do not difpute whaher the King rf Gr;^^. Britairi 
he goi/emed in ihtj Bufinefs of the Palatinate by Art 
or Friend/hip ; I think a Man may fay he tifed iothj 
but, as a Thing not preafely neceffary to tii^ Dif- 
cturfe, I omit it. I hold it a Maxim, that thefe two 
Engagements, in U/hich he finds himfelf, are infepa^ 
rable \ for although the Marriage be s^ade, we mxifl • 
fail in that, which, in my way of Underfiaitdtng, it 
'moji neceffary, the R£flitutiqn of the Palatipate. 

This being fuppofed, having made this Marriage 
.in the Form as it is treated, your Mojejly fiall fnid 
yeurfelf, together with the King of Great fititain^ 
engaged in a War with the Emperor and the Catholic 
League ; fo that your Maje/fy will be forced to de^^ 
{k) K MouftRT b eilltd. 

:tf fi N d L A NO. ■^^ 

tUrt'yai&fi^y wilbytuf -^rmSi agai^ the Em^ervr Aa, n jtam 

Md tit Catbtiic Ltague ; a Thing whUbt U bear **»J' 

3vitb tbit Umfrteinty^ will offend your godly Mart ; 

pgdy declaring yturjilffir the Eemfiror and the Ca- 

tbviic League, (01 ym certainly wilij yattr Majeflj 

MnUSnd jmrftlf hrongbt inio a War again/i the King 

^England, mdytur Sj/ier worried with his Sm 

toilk the wbifh all tubatfaever Reafim tf Convenience^ 

tbal were tbtHgbi Up§n wiik tiis Marri^e, do ceafe. 

If your Ma)tfty fiiail Jhttu yaKfftJf aeutraly {as 'tmOf 

ilfmte wis firepeund) Tb^t wiu give caufe of very 

great Scandal ; and withjufl Reafan, faiety in Jl^at~ 

tertaf ie/s Opft/aiany tban of CatbeUa againft He- 

reticsy at Arms tf this CrnvM bavt taken the gtdtf 

agaiv^ the eoavenitnt Party : Andy at tblt Tuv , fbt 

Frenchmen fimtnting the Hollanders againft ysur 

Maje^y your Biety hoik been fucby ibat you boM 

fent yater Ami againft the tUbeb af fbat Criwa % 

ieaving all the great Cmfiderations ef Siate^ cnly bt- 

eattfe tbefi Men are Enemiei to Faith and the CAitrch, 

It wtUASgeyeur Majtftjy andgive Oca^oa le tb^ 
of the League to make life sf the King of France 
awdatber CathaKc Princa iiI-<ffeSed to this Crows ; 
ftr it will be a Thing nteeffitryftr them ta defo j oMd 
tbofcf tvett againft their mm Religias, willfmunt 
ami 4^ the Heretia fir Hatred to lu ; wiibeut 
doubt tiey will fallow . the ether Party, only to leave 
yattr Meg^ wili> tbat Biemifi that never hath be- , 
fe^m any King of tbefi Damiaiom. The King of 
y-nglynl ^li renuin amended and diftbligedy Jeeipg 
MtiAer hOtrefts nor He^s dofelkw the Aliiatut yHtb 
iUt Crmm j « liiewife with PrfUnt of particyiar 
Bjifemmtniy for having fnffered Int jSaughter and 
GranA-Cbildren to^ bt mined for Refpeii of the faid 

7Jk EasperoTf tho' ht is well affiSled, and obliged 

to ta in xnaktBg the Tranflatiea at this Time (i), -as 

Miefiatfs nsuifiandly the Dtiit of Bavuil being pcf- 

^idof all the Domimens } aUhaugh bt weuI4 tSfpefi 


■,Gob'^le ^— i 

4^ 7^ Tarliametdary H 1 s t o » v '' 

yb, iijimcil- aUaccording in our Cenvenieitces, it wiU not be in ih 
iti}> Power to do ity as your Majefl^ andevtfy Body maf 

judge ; and the Memorial that the Emperor's Awhaf- 
•fador gave yottr Majefty Tefterday maketh it eertain ) 
_firtce, in the Lifl of Soldiers, which it maketh every ttu 
ef the League to pay, hefitews yaw M^efty, that Ba- 
varia, for himfelf alone, will pay more than all the 
reft together ; the which doth fiew his Power and In- 
tention, which is not to accommodate Matters, tut It 
ieep to himfelf the Superiority af all in this broken 
Time. The Emperor is now in the Dyet, and the 
Tran/Jation is to be made in it. 

The Prepofuion in this E/late ts by confidering the 
Means/or a Cottference, which your A^jtfty^s Mi- 
nifters will do with their Capacity, Zeal, and H^f- 
dom ; and it is certain they will have enough to dt 
with it all: For the Difficulty is to find a Way ta 
make the prtfmt Eftate af Affairs firetght again % 
which, with lingering^ as it is faid, both the Power 
and Time will he loji. J fupptfe that the En^eror^ 
as your Majejly inoweth ly his jfmba^ders, defires t» 
marry his Daughter with the King ef England's J»kj 
/ da not doubt but he will be likewife glad, to many 
his fecond Daughter with the Palatine's Son ; them 
J propound that tbefe twa Marriages be made, and 
that they be fet on foot immediately, giving the- King 
of England full Sattsfaiiion in all his PropafitienSy 
for the more JiriH Untan and, Correjpondencyf that be 
may agree to it, . I hold it for certain, that all the Con- 
veniences that would have followed the Jiliance with- 
us, will it as full in this, and the Catrvenienty in the 
, great Engagement is mere by this ; far it dith accom- 

modate the Matter of the Palatinate, andtht Suaeffim 
af the King (/"England's Grand-Children, withHo^ 
xour, and without drawing a Sword or wa fling Trea- 
fure : With this Jnterefi the Emperor, with the Con- 
veniences af the King of England and the Palatinate, 
-{the onfy Means, in my Way of undtrflanding, to bin- 
der thofe great Dangers that do threaten) may rta£ij 
aetemmodate the Bufinefs, without fevering himfelf 
from the- Convenience and Engagement af Bavaria* 
Then I would reduce the Primt EliifoTy that was em , 


£mmfif 4o At Git&aife if ^e Cbid-A, -^ ireid- **• n >iMr t 
^ ^ ^Mii (K the Eiiip&n^s Cattrt v/hh Catielit '^1> 

The Bjifinrft h i^tt ihi DtJkuAia grtittir than 
ftrchimct have betn vt t^ ether Cafe. I have found 
tK^faUigeditreprefiMKi^oymrMaj^, mdfitaU 
Jhiwi if jaxJheH ammamd ntt^ what I thifik fit fit 
tbr ^fi^g if thtfi 1%a)^, to the ^eat Mtnijert 
that yeur Mt^efty hatb. I hgpe^ uiith the partiadaT 
^9*iie tf thefe Thingii and all being helped with the 
gead Zeal of the Cande de Gundamore, it nurf he God 
will epen a Way U a thing fo much, far hii andymf 
Jiiaf^s Serbice. . 

* hi -Wm obfehred, by rcafon of the psrtfneM 
Qgtrilion moved by the Lord Chamberlain y that 
4ieA' Letters ifrere ^litten when Pffrirr was iA 


^ lias H\^at{sTem!tmhenA,di3,t'SiT Salter A^elt 
Was ftcUck mute M the reading of thefe Letters; 
for, upm the D«ith 'x^ the late King of Spain, ti 
and Sir frandi Cattirigtui, going fttiRi our Miaftef 
tb ifce Kini^ttt-now ia, to know hifl Mind ctin- 
cenuRgthe Treaty isf tlie Marriage, received ftoni 
Aat lUng) and ratumed it tb hit Maiefly;, That h* 
was very filrry that he had not die Honour to be^ 
{in it ; but now he woiiM purfue it with all Ala^ 
cnCy. It'webt befbre in his Father's Lifetime; it 
^m nm adw : Then it had leaden Heek ; h» 
Imnktaow give it Wings.' 

And- hidierto' oxtends the Aird Part of die 
KakKativk^' which comprehends the treatiet of 
^ Marriage and R/^tutim, as united, and now 
to^qiracally fabordiiwtcd the otie to the odier. 

•Pl^. -The PliiNci's RfeTORN y^-om' Spain. 

* And- now die Prinze returning for Bnglmd, be^ 
ii^ engaged. ta leave hi9'PtDxy,.did de^Ktfite thfc 
fame in the Hands of die Edri of Bridal, whd 
was tO')^^ it as hls'Pfd6tor ; that is,' u he fhbulil 
necive his Highnafs^s I>iiT£lfon fmfi Time trt 
. Vo?.. VJ. P . Time, 

5© tbt Tartiameataiy HisxbitV 

a.11 jMBol.Time, His Order for the |wcfcht wis, ThMif i 
•*»!• Confimiation came from Remti dear and efittrej 

which it did not, then within fo many Days h* 
thbuld deliver it to the King of Spaim A lecond 
Diret^ion was fent unto him 1^ a Letttr, which hit 
Highnefs fent unto him between his Departure firom 
the Efn&ial and his €cming to the Sea-Side; to 
this £St& V That for fear a Monaftry ftlouM rob 
hiiD of his Wifet he {bould Ray the Delivery of 
the Powers until that Doubt was cleared -, and that 
his Higbnels Ihould fend bim, in the Premi^, fonte 
further DireOioiii' 

' Here, becaufe my Lord of Brificl, in his Let* 
ter of the firft of Novem^er^ 1623. (which follow* 
anon in this Difcourfe) doth prefs fo vcfaeoieiitly 
the Prince's Faith not to nstrafi hts Proky ; ana 
that Stricoy the Secretary, had inierted fuch a Claufe 
in the Inftrument, figned and fealed^uthen^callyj 
the Lord Keeper^ in his Report in this Places (Toi- 
leted all thofe Parts of the Narration wludi tni^it 
ferve Eo clear this ASt of his Highnefs ; and added 
fome Reafons to maintain the fame.* 

* Firjl, The Prince avowed openly, before hwh 
Houfee, That, he had never, by Oath or Himoiir^ 
cflgagsl hitafelf not to Tcvote the Powers, moM 
than by the Claufe A hut revBcaidt Proairatavi 
infertedin thcLiftrumeht.itfelf.*' 1 

' Searultf^ His Highne& added in thi U|^ef 
Houfe, That when he himfelf iirft heard that 
Claufe read, he Humbldl at it ; but was amfwatei 
again, that it was hut a Matter of meer Form, and, 
though .«lS:ntiaJly of no binding Power, yet ufiiall^ 
it is thrull hito every Qich loflrument/ ■ '■■ . 

* ^irJij, The Lord Keeper' faid, and 'applied 
therein to all the Civilians attendant iit that Houfe^ 
That it is lawful, by the Civil and Common LaWf 
for any Man to revoke his Proxy for Marriage, 
notwit^fiai^ing it ttath the C£l(tfc <^ leit. nsiciite/r 
PriiCMret^^i iuferted W'jJt; .yea, and: this may b« 
doqc wMhout a^y foleton Notihcdtion thereof] 
^nd^th^icipr? he <:onGliid^. that the -Ear) of Brif* 

_ /V. iai^atgip^ thkuRi>adife'PiHice,-hai thewin, 
,;■;,. ;~ • forgot 


if U NG.L AND. ^ 

fergot kitditelf ; and that his Higtuiefs mMit juflly; Ak. •■ >iiw>. 
honourably^ and legally, riot only hare Sopped aii ''**' 
he did, but withall, if he had (o pleafcd, abf^utdjri 
have -revoltfed his own Pioxy;' 

And thus much of thc/owti Part of the t^AJtA. 
iiATiVB, Of atxPritte/i Rjtum fmmSpaia. 

v. The SuBssqjjENTPifociBDrNfis */■*»/: 
M.'Ajiitx. laiBlBKe Ti-eaiiti, find ihi Re-' 
turn ^ hii iiighnefs: ' 

* And here the Duke told *i hftw the Princej 
it the laft, by the Meicy of God, and iys own 
wife and judicious DeiYieanoi^ came to Ro<^Ki' 
and made his Relation to the King of all that. had. 
pafled. Hts.Mi^efty ^s glad of this exaA Car-' 
riage of his Soit iri jo great a N^;Otiatton,.and told 
his Hignefs, That he had a£ted well the Part of-a 
Son, tftd now the Part of a Fathei; muft come ™>n 
dK Sts^; which was) to provide with dl Cir-. 
ctimfpeaioA, that hit only Soh dould iwt be mar- ^ 

ried with a Portlop of Tean ib his .only Daughter; 
and thcrefofp his Majcfty commands, by an expref^ 
Difpatch, that a Stop be put to the Proxy in thc£vl' " 
of Br-^efi Hands', until he had fome better Affu-. 
lance of the Reftitution bf the PfUtiAate., Here-, 
Upon the I.rord Keeper gbferted; That this is no up^. 
fbrtorfpringing.Condi^tion, but that the very fame. 
was offered by Oli^res's blank Papers to his High-. 
BdSi and preQed by his laft Aniwer to OHvarts. 

His Maj^y^ L t T T E r Jb the Earl of Btyfoli' 
Oli<Aer 8th, 1623. 

n^E.h«ve¥tmvedjutrs^ hrsught as ly Grcyfleyji 
' and tht Copy ofyauTi to eur dear San : Andvx 
tannei ftrbear to let yeu havJ how vitll vie efftiM 
yaw Jutifid, difcreet, and judicious Relation- Pali 
bitmilf- 4Awt to turfelf and tur Son, tahereufoti 
having- righUy dtlHerdied > witH ourfeifi and cem-' 
mmiaittd with bur dear £m, nw have refdvtdf 
vdtb ikt gPtHi Liiihg^ of our Sm, to rejl upm. ihaf^ 
. ■ \ ' D 2 ^ecurityy 


^ Tie PatSaiuntai^ Hi&Tcv;tr 

1. iifaBN-t. Sftta^y Olid IS fnint ef Deait of the iMfiM/'tni- 
*' "W " rtiipoas Ordtr, wbicb ytu in y»we Judpimt 

mnAmtit ;, «v havtfwtlMr tbnight mut It give yM 
KnewUdge, thtn it is owrfpecial Dejirt^ that du Be- 
tr^img ef tie Jkfaraa, vith Wards dc pnelenti, ' 
fimildhe open sne »f the Dfft in- Chriftraas New 
Stile, thai holy md joyful Time beji befitting fa Ratable 
^/f^-hUffid on J&ieit. 

Sutfirji we will, thatyau refair pr^etOiy' to Aat 
Xing, and give him Krmuledgt of the fafe Arrival of 
our dear San at oar Court, fi fatitfied and taken with 
the ■great Entertatnment, perfaKid Kinduefi, SavSur 
axd Re^if be hath received fram that King amt 
Caurt^ at that he feems mt aUi to magn^y k.fi0- 
aaaly: We toiil thtrefar-e, that-, ifMlt p^UMeant- 
jou ekdeavour to exprefi our Thml^hufi tathat-King^ 
Jimithe.refi-te whom it keltngi, ix the i^' aysifn(ift 

Attd hereupen yau may toie Octafiin te let tbafi 
Kiug itm(^i that, atetrding to pur an^ant j^Uiiti$f 
. H taake a firm and indi^haik Jmtty ■ between emP 
Families, Nations andOawtu, (and not to fitm t» 
eAerndtn our Momooo^, nor, at the fame Teitu We grvt- 
Jay to eur enfy Sen^ to gmf our only Daughter hen 
FortioK in Tears) by the Aime of that King's Ar^ 
ia^dors, who kxue offered thetiifehet at aur Goimfil^ 
tors, we have entered into a Treaty aneermng- tbt 
&£fiitution of the PaktiiDrtcv at will- Tuare- partitit- 
Urhf tayeu appear^ iythe Capies herewith fenP. 

Now, wi mufi remember yau, that we have tmdar- 
Jlood and expfHed, that, upon the Marriage of our 
Sen with the Infanta, rifie. Jhotfid hope a tlear Refii~ 
itttion of the Palatinate and, Eieittral Dignity to our- 
Son-in-Law ; to he really procured by that King, accord- 
ing to the Oblation of hii Stun Hanour, as yak jiiMf 
ladl exprtjfed in your Rstafins why the- Per&tf ef out 
Sm-in-Law Jhotdd not be left out of tb* Treaty, iM 
that the Eaperor' ^oald^find" out fame great liiie,- M. 
hy encret^g the'- Number, of Ele&otal 'fiW/jy v^t^ 
vndi to Jatis^ the DitiK p^^vaii*. We th^ef^ 
mail require ym, tbatp-eJeHtiyi in put: ft^'AUdiiUti^ 
gau procure from tiatKing a^ pttn&^i'iAt^io^ w/lM' 
• ■ 4 ■: i Coutft 

,^ ,BNG LAND. « ' 

•Cm^ he n^ itAtfir Oe Kifiitw^m^^ PxIati.-JlM.ii Jm4I 
nate and Electorate to ur Sarp-m-^na; amdt ht ****"»■ 

tOife tbat a^r ' the- Ea^mr or the Dukt ^ Bamia 
■Vnll ^ptff at^ Part af the txptSed Rtfirtutimy wiu 
^ievrfi tot King wiil ioh ta give mt JffiO'aiui far aar 
iCoKtmt m ihtU Pdta whaxif nv reqiarr yimr frt- 
feirt Atfwtv ; and^iat you fifrefi EitfittS/fwn h/rdtf 
that we may tagetbrr remove tkg fiiB Jtj rf tttt. it 
Oiriftnub : Rgflhtg t^n that fia^^ Ddtgena ^ 
'jmrt wt have approved ai dl yaw Seraite, ihoufv^ 
Mbuifi pii^ dx httfij vie an/f remember td yea, mi 
a goad Gromid far you ta vidrk an, that ntr S^ 
■did" wniw '.tpda m nd of Spain, That the Ki>tg 
■vmid gioe Ki . a Blawiy ht ■saUch vx imgU fartt 
at^aam CamCttMS eomeeranig /£r P^lstinatei Mtml 
ibejame mr &r eonjirmt tetto us nma : ff^xit Ot- 
faraatian aitJ Pe rfwrnMC i that JSng tttiB taah, 
me Ttqmn jau ta exptrft, emd ta gioe is- a J^^ffly 

Givm, fiff . 

■!babcKd>dieDtilM!ddiradttftDoWerTei*d) ' 
ilie J^^tnQ&PigceediiKv; wnd if vte found dibm noc 
ffiU tD be btnlf upon Gettcnis, without any ohe iS- 
tind sr cartun particular Obligcmentt tie Wtoald 
ackaowto^iB Us own Weakhds and Inc^podty of 
dicrfe Afiivirs.' 

* You woultl ooiic^vc, laid the Dii^r, that 
vpon dus 'Di(|latd^ the Eari of Briflai «oaId>Iay 
MA upon all the Hints and ewetge n t Ocodions 
ta pat off the I)erpon£iTies, mthout diis rcqinrod 
Affiirance of Anns' fiHt obt^n^ : 
But the Tntth i>, hedidtiaelb.' For, 

/»y7, * Tlie Confinnatkui catne ftoBr Ramet 
clogged'and^taang^; and, kdead of challenging 
them theitupon, he laboure, with no finaD Strength 
f£ Wit, to hide and palliate (&c fame.* 

Seean^t i When, Jn tfae temporal Anidcs, tlie 

Portion was altered from 600,000/. in readv Cafli, • 

tooidjBo^ooA in Money, a few Jewels, and 

» peiyiaB ?f 20i00q t far Akhom : InOoBl- af 

D 3 ^uar- 


The Parliamentary H i s t o r y 

• I'quantlling this main Alteration, he feems tq aps 
prove and applaud the Pavment.' 

mrH/y^ i For the Alfuntnce of Reftitution <rf 
' the Palatiftattj the main Foundation of both Matclf 
^and Friendlhip, he is lb Jar from providing for i^ 
befbi^, (whidi wfu t^e Method prdcribcd him by 
.the King) that )ic leavc^ it to he mediated by tie 
Infutta after (he Marriage,' 

Laftly^ "r Inftead of putting off the Contrafl'^ 
as any Man ih the World (upon the Difpatch iiom 
Ro^on) would have done, he is come 'to prefix a 
precifc Day for the Defponfarics.* • ;' 

• Thefe Things appear very pljunly,'. by the Let- 
ters of the a+th of OSehfr, and the ift- df. -NS'. 
•.vimbtr, 1623, which follow;' 

May it pleafe your.Mofi Excellent Maj^y, 

/HAVE rfce'ivtd your Majtjiy's letters, tf the 
Sth of Qflober, 6k the 2 \Ji of the fame Monti^ 
fime Hours within Night ; and ha-ue tho(igiit ip fit to, 
iUfpatcb this back to your Majefly, with all poJphU 
Speed; referring the- JHfwer to what your Mdjefty 
hathf hy thefe Letters, tommanded me, fa a Pap thdt 
■ JJhall purpofely difpafeh, when IJhgll have negotiate 

t,id the Particulars' with this King and kit Mini/iers -, 

wherein {Gsd willing) all poJf&U Diligtnce fimU he 

ufed. • ■.'•-.. 

Bui, farefmuch as / find, both hy ymr Majfflfs 

faid Letters, and litiwifi hy ■ Letters which I have 

: received from the Prinze hit Highnefs, that you cort- 

ttimieyour Deftres of having the Match praceeded in; 
J held it my Duty, that your Maje^y Jhauld-ie inform- 
ed, that though 'I am- fft free [in as much' as caneern- 

. eih thrlnfantefs entering into a religiem Order) for 
delivering the Psivers left with me hyhit Higfinefs ; 

.yet, by tbis new DtrefUm I haw received from your 
Majeftp That the Defpenfaries fljould be deferred till 
Chriftinas, the faid Powers are made altogether uft- 

. Ufi and invalid ; it being a Claufe in the Bedy af 
thtfcrid Pckvers, that.they Jhall only remain in Force 

.pnW.Chriilmas and m Ibngtr ; as .your Jlptjefiy 

■ ..-..^ ^ . nun 


af EN G LAND. ^j 

aunfit if a Caty ^ thmt^ totich I ftnd herein- 
tlapd. .. . »*»^ 

Tour Majeftj, I tanabot, wiil be ef Opuuan, that 
this Sufpm&ng of the Exeaifiait if tht PnuerSj until 
tbt FtfCe tad faiidily if them be expired, is. a dire£t 
and effeSuel- Revciiitg lof them ; whidfy -Mat to de, 
haw far bis Highnefc it in bit Hamiur ett'^fdt yaur 
Aia/ejiy xoill be be^.tdtU ta ju^e, by viewing the 
Pa%eert themfiitifi. 

Fiertber,iflheDateaftft^ Pawen ^ «flr«, 
{bejuksthe Breath af lite Capituhtiam) eiUbmmt the 
Mttlch itfelf jbmdd mt^ by Jtalaufttt and Miflriifis^ 
be baiardedy yet the Prince birtoming inta Eflzlind^ 
the Spri>^ uu7 be aUns/himp^le ; ftr, . 'by the Time 
tbatjueh.itea> Camnajfioni oW Pawen JbaH be '-'of^ 
C\in9aia&\ gratOtdb^ the Prince as. may: ii:t» the Sa- 
■tiifaitieH ^ bath Partieti i.cakcmie, fo tauh-Vf tfA 
}ear uiiir^ /pent, thai-it- niOI .U.intpaftili fir the 
Fleets and ather Preparmtimt ta be- itRem^nefi agat^ 
the Spriiig.:' to be imagined that they wiil 
here proeeed fa effeSiuaUy ■utiih Preparations^ tmtH 
they /hall bf a^ed af the.Defpanfiriet; efpecially, 
when tb^fitaU have fien them feveral Times defer- 
red an the Prince his Part, and that upon Preteitts 
4bat are nat new, nar grew fince the granting af the 
Pawerty but were bifii-e in being, and aften under 
Debate, and yet never were injified an.ta make Sttn 
»f tht Bufinefs ; fa that it will feem, that they might 
better have hindered the granting af then, thou tht 
Hxecution of them. NaWy if there is no. Staggering 
informer Refahttiom, "the which, althaugh really there 
is OBt, yet it eannat but be fufpeHed ; and the Clearing 
~af it between SpvaandKn^hni^vjilltaJl much Time: 
I mti/} humbly erave veur mojejly' i Pardatt, if I write 
unto you with the Plaiattefs af a true-hearted and, 
faitfful Servant, wha- has ever co-operated haneflfy l» 
your Moft/ly'i Ends, if I knew them. -- ■ ■ 

J inaw.your Ma'jefiy hith. hng been af .Opiman, 
that the greateji JJJkraac^.'you could get, that the 
King, af %fa\R vjauJd tffeStially labaur the entire Re- 
■Jiituiion af the Palatinate ^uwj, that be really pra~ 
■ Utded. ta: tht effedt^ the Match: ..Jnd my In- 
U 4 Jiru^iant, 

*i..ti]in\t»l.J)ruSions, luftiir ysur. Jlfif^t U^mk,vjtr* it Ji^ 
<?»> upon the Rejioringof the Prince Palatine ; but natjik . 
to or-Htu U to if>< Treaty, as that ihffehy the i&tck 
JhouU be iaxardid; far that y»ur Maj^y jienud 
a>»fident, .that ibej here ivsuld never grow to a perfeS 
Coiiclujiw, -wUbcul . a fettled Refeiuthn te givt ytn* 
M^jifii Sgttsfaaian hi the Uufitufs of the PalatUMttc. 
The fame Caurfe I ebferved in tkt Carriage of Uufiw 
nefs by his Highnefs and my Lard Duie at their bttt^ 
^tre ; . who, tbQUgb they tnfifted upta the Bt^uft if 
fiiw Palatinate, yet they held it ft to treat af ^em Mf- 
fin£ily, end that the Marriage fmiid prauei at^ « 
faad Pawufv the Hilar, 

Since their Departvrtj m Ififd AmbagiuUry Sir 
Waiter Afton, and foj^lf-, have mtua preged. U 
have.this Kiff^i RtfibttioH i» »^ritimg emeenmgilt 
f aladnatci a^d the DiJ^a(tkts which your Mcg^ 
vnll receive herewM, catcemixg that Bufbufiy wtfe 
written J^efert the Receipt if your M^'ftf'i Letters : 
•jfnd^ dttitlefs, it is now a great Part ef their Care^ 
that that B^inefs su>y he well ended, hefere the Itf 
fanta's (orifing te England : And hit ilighnefs will 
well remember, that the Cende d'Olivares epen prBr- 
ttfied the Neceffty of having this Buftnefs eatnptund- 
■ed and fettled before the Marrimge \ faying, -other- 
viife. they might, give a Daughter and a Wftr 
withintbree.Menlhs afier, if this Gretmd taid Shi- 
jtSi.&f '^rrel JhmldpU be left en Faei. The. 
fame Laugaage he hath, evir held with Sir Wdtcr 
'.AAon and myfelf and that it was a firm Peaet 
■ -and Aauty, as much as. aay AUiatue, which they 
■feugbt-notth bis Majefty.' Sf- that it is net tt be 
doubted but this Kingy cancluding. the Match, refill, 
etb to employ his utmoji Pnwr for yaw SatisfaSiim, 
in the the /"««* Palatine. The S^uef- 
.tioK mw will be, IVhethtr the Buftnefs ef the. Prince 
Palatine, having Relation ta many great Princes tkaf 
.etre interefied therein, riving at great tiififOKe, and 
htittg,- fof the Condition and Nats(re ef tie Bufi- 
-w/x it/elf, impoffibie ta be ended but i^ a fertnal 
Treaty, ■which ^ Neee0Jy^ vail require great Length 
■tf Tmti the Cmchfion sfthi A^rt^ Jbaiieny Wiaj 
,,. ^ : '- depti^ 

Mive.U hg fiur/hm j9vr Mtg^'t AmmAM; fir 'U*l> 

M^ «^iA^ tbai «qr^ Aow pantiatiar hta^ Ib 
tSt Priiut Au r^pwtanv winvuvW, fr jDnWf W* 
-hit matduMg. with. S|Mtin. - ^»< thuiv^idi' J ttnttn^- 
Jbxdti-ht -yat4r Afi^^t Jian, h mlf tt imn l^ 

•^ .Ettngantxt ax -oik h praairrd ffmn- fibt jIBm^ 
Arihtjcmng ,wJ^>^ i^Jfyi *ot»*ij in 4^ tfy 
gt»d i^Ui. fir. . tit. Mlirt Rt^ii^ '^f tb* ¥fAsl^ 
nate, but otbermfti if Need require, of his Maj^ft 
Jffijmu htrtiiH J-^ivt^ek.m^ Bvfipi^{aitur~ 
td'viilk aU Eam^fiii^ emd pncmtd tb* gin^s fmhr 
ikjnfuieri iwifcJv I oitaid^ ii n^aheitf and J 
Jhali, uMSnti^^Ei^ im/ it M fiMd%>' ym- 
Maj/i/fyi as JiifiOJ^ M^itat^ PiyMkuMf tbhicb 
SoOi-ie put in ]m^ MmtU.- jtad _^ hh f,ii fyiL. 
thtr tt-.t'i^ktjMtr. ^^^t- ft^ Pirtaitn%^ 
froemiwg tht l^i^t DaitmatiMt, m «iif«« StPt ymr 

fire ReflittttieH of the Prirue Palatine. Butf ltm> 
i4w^ ^ itit ytur. Jifitft/lji'i fyttmiaH thM Iffttuld 

fn the whole &$&h^ atd ktw hi wUt he a&^mi 
wO* jtMtr Afij*/iyt n tffe ^T- the Smferoi^t cr ^ 
Ihiit of 'i^mat^ Ja^im*fs-i Md UMalfi»uldJiti4 ' 
ttiayamr Ji^/t^y- aj^ «oaw «j«» yottr Aafiotf^ 
M9r4 IJ^ver-Ae. fiotvenfor tbt Deffonfarin ; tfo 
Match would ^irtiy, tf lut bt haxariUd, yet, { 
itn^iite, tht ItfM^s goiifg^^ at Spring vKuid be rtmr 
4»ed a^ozglh»r impede ; far^ jfpon Arrival of iht 
Pop^a j^rfiattMit / (oitiitt r^dt- them ijtt tip*n 
finu GrtuHd. If laik^ ymr MnjiM' ^»P* of 
halving the Defponfariis deferred - imtii Cbriitmaa, 
ibey Jhmu at'vftii fs agi/^ that Ms^Highnff^i ^"'9 
ii then out. of Beta bffiAis tbt-v^nging of rib 
Capilulaiiaiiti and they vnil- jmtge it at d great 
Sam putuftotubii Kiitg, wh*, [ivtr\fiiKe the Prine* 
kit gpantin^ ^ hit fi*a/ttis) halh-talUd bimfelf tht 
htfiiadi D4pff>f^-% «i^ fv^thtatffifa, the Frimt- 


' j8 ^ 'Par^ammtafy' Wish ok y 

lb •xfipw.l- iufiS imV uMa hi^in fame »f his Lttten, BtfidtPf 
f**l* it will be hM a Paint of great Dijhatww unto the 

Infanta^ if the Powers ealUdpr kf her. Friends j>MtU 
ie detained bj the Prince Ins Part' ; ■■ and wheever elfi 
may have- dtfervrdiU^ fite eertmnfy hath neither de~ 
fenud .DtfrtfpiS ntr Difitmfort. Further, uftn 
tit/ Rifuftd U deliver the Pewtrs, all Preparations^ 
^uhith new gaait cbtatfitlfy and a-paa, vnilbtjtaye^i 
^ndAhere will enter mfi mkck-Difirti/}, andfi mai^ 
JtakuftSf that if the main Bs^iH^irun net Hazard 
Jy tbem, at leajt miub Tlstu wiS-be fptnt to tiear 

■ J tm^ tbere^rti-in Difdtarge gf im Dtttyy itO 
,ymr J^efiy, fiat ail jmer -A^efi^s Bstfiatfs her* 
is in a fair Way ; the Mattb and all, -that is capitei' 
iated therein they prxfefs fnisamlfy it perform^ . -' 
,' Jn the Bitpup\iif Ae Pakdnaliv they.pneteji^ ift^ 
jnfinitely defire^ endwill, ta thentnt^ ef-theii- Peuurt^ 
' fitdeaviurta praskr« yaiir M^efiy.&attsfe&isn. 
.. ThePritietisUieJobmieama/hknFtnosa andwertbf 
hady^ andjeha mutb lavttb hiMi ;■ ajvtallTiiHgie^ 
Jepending upon thif M^S, art iit'^ttid. wnd btp^ij 

This is new the-.prefenl EftateLtf yam Mt^*^ 
jj^airs, as it .uppeareth ta mt and Jo. Sir Waleor 
'/Aoa; with wham I have ammkmcated this D^ 
•.petcbf ai 1 dfi all iTtings elfe ancermtig ytnr mee- 
)je/iy's Servief, And I tms/i claarfy let yomr Mi^^y 
nnderjland^ ThMy J eaaccive, hyrtiasning the Pawtn 
,when the King ^11 call far ibem, and offering it dt^ 
ftr the DefpenfOries untti ChiiiliBas^ west pur Mit- 
jtjifs Bufinefs vmU, run a great Hazard i what by tb0 
Dtjlafles and Di^ufie that wiUM raifid here., andl 
■,mAat by tbe Art.^nd Indn/iry of theft wbicb are^ni- 
\mti in- the Aiaicb, where^ every Cturt tf Cfariihmx 
6afD. hath Plenty. 

That iherefeteLwbicb 1 prefsime^ with all Hiimili' 
.tyt to offer to ytnr M^e/iy ij, Tiat you would ie 
■fleafed It give me Order y vnth.all poffible Speed, 
■thai when the Bufinefs fixM come cleared from Rome ; 
fiH^that the Powers of the Marriage JhaU bt dtr 
■jnatded of mt is Mtba^ rf this King j that I nuty 
' . dtl'ver 


<f E N e L A N D. 19 

fUlhur themt atii m wey'tfiet te interrupt ar j^^tad A» %i JmdmIi 
' tht Deffmfaries, but ajfyi eald helf te a ptrft^ Cam- J^' . 
fiuji9n sf the Match. 

■ And that fir the Bujimfi of tbt Palatinate, / oHf 
frnuemj earntji andfaithfui Eitdeavaurs te n^gttiii 
King, tif far as jbaUht ptffiUt, heth fvr tht Jm»g ail 
nod Offcts far tht Palatine's intin S^itrntateyos 
fiitwifi, for: this Kin^t Deriardti/Miif Jg^amti Am 
fofe the Emperor er tht Duke of hasxcafiiaU afp^e 
^faid Rejiitatim ; Herein I tuiU net fail toufeaU 
poffihie Means ; and, I conceive, the Difpatth if the 

■ Matfh vjiU bt a good Pawn in the hs^efs ; and the 
Heip^nd A0ame which this Court (the Princefi hi- 

' ing imce ietretheJ) would he akU\ie give te aU your 
Majejtfs Bi^intfi, would ht of. goad Confidetatisn. 

'^^e,fiaringl hatie alreadji prejamtd fe far tn j/Oir 
Mije^fi Patience, / Ausnify erflve- Leavf of ymr 
Majefif ^Fardan, and rezamnumi ytu to the htlf-Prt~ 
feilien of God, refting 

'uidiid i^6&\ Your Majefty** 

^^^•3. ' I foo^ humble, and &idi&J 

fiubra^ and Senant* 

The Earl of BRISTOL to bis M^e%. 

May it plcaCr your Majefiy* : 

/FIND; i^m the Newt that hnvteeeme from dft 
Xitiie (j^Paftrana, thaf^ Pope has tltwrfyftf- 
■fed th< Bifpenfatieny- which is now hourh exfeaed 
here, ^ert is ein Intention ii call -prefentfy upon ine 
for the Prhuis'Pewertfer the Marriage left in mj 
' Hands, the vMch I htow not upon V//»a Ground $r 

■ Rjeafin to detain ; the Prince hmmg engaged,' « '&e • 
■faid Powers, tht Faith and U^rd of a Prina, no way to 

revoke or retrd£l from them, ha that they ^ould remain 
in fill! FeruMntil Chn^aasi and dekverediinta ^y 
wsih puhlif-^eelaratiott of his Pieafure, that uptm-^ 
Cemingeflhe Hif^enfattan; I Jf/^ddvlelivtr tl^M un- 
to the Kingy that they might be put in due Exectitius. 

■ Jnd hereof Skewife was there j. by Sttrrtary Sefica, 


.6p Tbe/'Ta^ame^aiy Hi«T«sr 

»rsr {•>•<• m.a PatEt Notary, ail h^nmewt irmmtt att^idif 

If Ifltaa alUdge jaur Maj^/s PUKfictr,^imaf 
-tiv i^ariagt i^errtd w)im me ^ fbf unfisias 

imptffibUt fir tit Powtrs wiO Am it MfirxJ. If I 

\Kii^ eiuAihtrfitt Jabrrd hii Afimr -, mid itwiU 
ifmuAwMdtr»dat,whyShatJbcKldi9 mv^oAU 
Ifir. « CntJiiiMi Jtf- the Marriagt, having Avr kkim- 
la hati treauS at a Bi^hufi ^^lOFt^ ^W tuu w At- 
- iitg at fif groHit)^ tf the fad Ptwirt, and' hath 
-ieen'tfitH under Dttetti ittf aifvar ^aifiedy aw tk 
Paoftrt dilivtrwd spm XSmJhum tf iunKg am^i frA 
Ftmtfiyi eUareti, Ad J mujt aliffi mtr ymr 
Migifiu I KmiafianijMliMK^viiAAt^ aaiilhai 
4Mi^ Dttda^ vMA haib. ieem ftUT'^i^biird im ttt 
-fiOr ^ti^^i Jehmsy, the Pemtrt earn it ie^md, 
imhfs there fieidd appear Jane war tmergeKt Ca^ 
fmce the gratiaig V tfmat-^ viberivfi n j*ty I hei^ 
(m^fik^ ■ lidngythertfare, ink to he At fit- 
ftammmt,. bf vdmfi JSoKtk any Thit^ fitxtdpafi Aat 
adgb haoeAeitt^ RtfleiHm apMpto' H^efifi or 
Ae Princes Hmair, whidt IfiaS ever store valae 
than a^otim Life or Sifef^ \ md, jii^ig it iHmtifi 
to eandmt mare to your Service ; and affiirit^ ^fi^f 
that your A^efi/f ioe Dtre^Hm^ ta-iaue AeMr^ 
Mt^ wptmome.^ Ae H>U^ tm OuiAoOs, loasfir 
•rmi^^ dv h^rtutmi;. tht^Ai.Poi9irt*Mmlimm 
ie.o^e4: Ihaae.tkt^flymA.AoJidaiutfSir 
WtSbu A^, to Tvifs ttt Sergio ixthe DeBvery aT 
^AtfiadPouimi hta do atttttd^ vheaAty >btf it 
v^Kredf to pajiom ta tht thmhtalim ^ afr^xei 
£t^firtiel>09idiinaoi Ihaaghljht&emdemanr to 
■.■d^ the TtmeutOa Itattf b* aduoH^ ^ jour I£t^ 
•ji^'-x PUaftirty ifitMojf UtaitbinAt^ma efttaaitf- 
.fimrBajt\ andvtiUlahaKrtafiadfomhaiiiJhmtamd 
fair Qccafimfir Afdtf^ritig rfti^ wit^Ktalk^ 
n^ -mi^ DireAat rf Aaf Khalfharyiitt- Mi^efy «r 
.At Prince. 

. Tit Rtafintubf Ihavt tbm^ it fi U t^i Ai* 
Rtfebaiatt are : 


^ E N G L A N a 4^ 

FriMWs, thmpw ht/Kt h t» frtatd i» the Mm"' *Hj; 
fid^i and ft t^ Pi&P^' jmf Mi^e/lf md th 

mg U t^Jh/l Memmu, ty ramving llwt Scrufk rf 
jA» htfmoa's n^rntg iiOt « reSgwa OrJir vbefeiftm 
they v/ere onlf fu^en^t^- 

Secondly, Yitir Mt^J^s Letarmdimtite^ iJf a 
Dtfirty Mil a Dire^int, i^ having the Marriagtt^tn 
mutftht SttfAiyt in CKiiftmas ; mMHtH, I emc^, 
it » ie umbt^ml, if it mafiaiit ahd fioh^fy befo% 
mU ifthm-flaUbi mh^tmij dsenin^ if rmtjm 
vf the-Mpiring ef-flft Pewen fa^, Otd thaf tiff I»^ 
teioini if iMfing it titenfitkid hk Mert^nwit tktrOyi 
whiH fttm-te^fi^f thai what yim- Majlffy writttk, 
kfir mna^diie^ Ii^fnatkn ef tbt Gat^ 4/ B»- 
ftratim ^t&t Power's. 

TKuxDy, Tf;^ Mt^Jhi uptMihiJi Rafiasi and 
fiub at I ht/tie fariruriy mdgat' utilt ytur Mt^ifyi 
JbtnUi Iff'/ m ut? dauit titt jMf Mt^tfy Willi g^* 
me@¥^fir ^fnfeiiffrK^etUn^ M the MtwYiagti 
yet, apm my: Miifltg the PbOumi and aUf^tag yMf 
M^^j W the Princ^t Direftiin^ {akkbi^ ^Ht*^ 
mards tSl'-TSingtJbmiid te cieirtd) it weald ta/TJim 
' Kind of ^erfiin mid 'ftalaufj open nk- SimeHp' »f 
yew M^ePfs- or iht Pnttafr Pncrtdiiigs : CM- m 
tentrafy Stde^ if year M^tUft Iraentimi te- vet 
tv fTKted inwr Makhi wiere^ t'fie- ne O^-iUlj, 
the Intimation af that may be as vitU a Mtiith btHtt 
at aaw : And 1 judge it a Duty tn a Servant ^ ej^cialfy 
ik a Bufiaefitf ft hi^b Qnfepieike, and' i>htt^ 
ytw Ma)eftj.bathffientft natch 'Utrt, tegivt.bis Maf- 
ter Lafvrtto repa/rnMH bit fecmd Cagitalimr. i^re 
he do any Order that may everthrow «/. 

This I effet-y with all Humility, unto your Majef- 
tft v^fe aiid ]ufl Canfidtr(^9n-, and hefieih you -ti 
mate- mtrpretation of iny Preceidings hertia^ aecerd- 
tng to n^ dutiful and xeahus Care of ytur Horm^ 

I have efpurftfe tSJj/atched this Pa/t with AWi 

. Letter^ te the end J may receive ywr M^^tftfs Di^ 



4ft ^ lMat»(niiry Htsttfut V 

B. ai Jiiani. f«9rW* >V f ^jV PartiiHlary viith all peffibje Spt^i 
«M|t iiAithJhiift fiitill be pprnetd iSreSif to tkt Afor-. 
r^f«. jBctar^ng U tht CopituUitifnt | ^dF fi tf irde^ 
'all Thing! fir. the Prinetft's Jtumtf jh tht Sprii^l 
jbidy fit- ib* palatinate, Jti^ Majtftj may bt t»t^- 
Jtnt there fiieU ie _ali Diligtnct «ftd ;« pretMri/fg .« 
Jpeedy and gad RefalutiBn. Sty &CJ 
AMrid, No*. i» 0. Si i6»Jj .- 

' Now, &om this nSh ibcjAg of .fbe Day of the. 
Defpon&rics in^Spaifi, which icras coiitroUed ^lift, 
by- wi Expreis from hence,. ^ nniiecefiafy ,Dif~ 
courtdy vn» put upon that King, andj. In a Man-^. 
net, wantonly, by the. Earl of Brifteli from that 
proceeded a greater AfFronc put upon the Prince* 
the taking airay the Title of La Prlntega fiaia, 
the Infanta ; and the debarring of our A«ibaiIadori 
from any fiirther. Acce& unto her PerTon, a^ her 
Servants (ind Attendants: And, with thefe, th^ 
greateft Difcourttfy of all put upon the King our 
Mafter, that when they returned unto us a poor, 
lean, and meagre pit^tch concerning the Relti-^ 
. tution of the Palatinate^ yet the, Exrl of Bn/itt 
accompanied it with this Jtem, That they wefc 
^in to ante^Up the Paper for their Honour's Sake ; 
or. elfe^ if they had taken Notice of the Stay of the 
Q^ponlaries, tbey had fcnt it ten Times 'worfe, 
you will not believe his LoidOiip when you have 
«*l,it.' ... 

lite King of S p a i n's A n s w b R, of the 6fh 
of DwffliifT, -1 623, to the Ambassador's 

' 'M B M o R I A L, toncbing the Bulinds of die 

n^H AT which his Catholic Maj^ hath- temmaTuie^ 
■^ fiouid iegivm in anfwtr ta the third Memoritdf 
w^ch the Earl of Briftol and Sir Walter Afion^ 
jttnhajfaders Extraordinary and Ordinary te his Jl^a- 
j^ the King of Great Britain* dtUvertd unta fnmf 
iewhiag the Bnfii/ft tf the Palatinate, », 



' ^liel hi'i Mt^tftj hath fitn the ihtrd jt£in»W Xjt'ii 'jiMi f, 
toWcA thty dtltvtredj toutbing t^ Bufiufi tf tbi »••!' 
Palninate, mi that the Anjweri' which he hath if 
tote ctmmandid Jbtuid ht given vnte the reft^ vihich 
tht^ 'haw deOvered in that Bufinefi, frtfttppoftd^ as k 
femUd tt hiiBy that tbtrt tan he nt/thing /^ in anfutet 
It that which they Hew prefent; Jhee the Jnftvef 
therein required it Hot ntctffarj until all that it tbtrt 
frtpotmded an the Behalf af the Caunt Paladne bath 
jirji taken EffeSt , and that be bath endeaveurtd tt 
• give the Enferer SatisfaSieHr ij the Demonftratiant 
and Satif/a^onttbtretnmeiaimtdiAr that it wtrt 
I^afiice in his Cathalit Migefty tt fi>tw any Diftr»fi 
^the Etnftrm't'UndtfiMU.U ntt ufe bit Menj and 
Clementjy and give the King'i Mt^ejiy tf Great Bri'- 
tain all ftffOle Satitf^itn, in cafe the Count PaSk- , 
tine ptrftnmdfut^ ASt af Sihmiffini and A£itrancet 
as in the Jaid Memarial are propettuded^ effteialfy ht- 
ing actampanud with the Favtur and Intetceffim tf. 
hii M<gejtjy which is and ever flail bt inurp^idfar 

the effecting tf it; attdihat, in doing etherwife, hi* 
Majeflyflteuldlijt the Pawer which he hath as an Ar~ 
hitrater and MeSator in this Su/inefi, in accmau-i 
dating it It the Ccntent and' Satisfaititn tf his Ma- 
jtfty the King tf Great Britain, as he much defirtA 
md/baRendeavavr; andladoubtsftheejatingtfit 
fty feemtth te bis Adiljeffy, were la injitn the EntpertTf 
■ctnjidering ibeir Amlifand gead Cvrrejpondence^ and 
the cenfidem- ^trance hi hath af his Interuffian wtdb 
Attn.- jfnd it -liiiwifetfOpinitn^ that^ talheendtht 
gaed Offices which his Majefiy Jhall da in litis Bu^ 
fuj^maj Ukt tie gt«d-Efe£} which he wiflietb^ and 
that the King tf Great Britain may receive all Sa- 
tisfc^ian^ it it ft that hit -Catbaiic A^ofejly flmuld nat 
maiehimfelf a formal Party in it^ as it is prejfed hy 

-■ Madndt> Dm.< 6; 't6z3. 

> >>|Ieic the^Prince bbjcrved, That whereas the 
£iDg^'5^am faith in this I^per, that he hath no 
•Power OTeE.AeEnipcror,;yet in other Treaties h« 
tpek upon hiiBWhavc much PpTTW over himj fothat 


^ The ^o/^atfuttfor^iiisfotLV 

m, utawl' J^ Hi|]ui^'.£ucly Ht wrUy bs)ieTel^ he hid*- iltd 
- **Jt" 1>m1 Bqt, ft»wer xt his Fleabin^ ' , ,. 

*' tVell, for all that Sravado wd Menace .iqMfll 
tbdr former Di^afcih, thejr have ukea their Pen 19 
H^advs^N] and haw ^t to his M^efty a Prc^^ 
<^ H L^eTi the which, if his Ma^e&y fiialh nialM 
«aJa»)tarioii to that 'ESoi^r iha^l be feat uiiM hi^ 
Majcfly fronrthe Ktngof SptiM-^ and tb« httsef 
if ,dic fitrtalu PiUars, ifiid the lt*iii/ n/mi in oU-thit 
Ntf^stiatioB of th« PalattMU, , 

Dm Kr'Air de* SMncA*s LiTTtfRv f«At with tiw 

dr^^rtljfr' M 5.-tlK(isKi]^t!t}cPAi;ATlN-XTK. 

-»<' -K A^ EJiuUatioil tvbitA ht» iSi^ffij tueketb J^ 
" ymtr V'4«tt atdSir WaTttt Afton, «»/ ^ 
tbk ti*frt hi Am* #» ^^^ *** hfiM/m /m havt 

Brikya m l^br £m^^ of the Ptiytu Psdatime, ^ 
Uth etttdt^Mi»A t^euKtt; . iut tbh flmH bf ikkt 
v^t» ym Jhad iriitg- enf jMttt-s ffm the Kiitg. 9/ 
Gt«at Britain HHUkmg tk* Jkid BkfiOifi y and htKOf 
id lie mta^TmfyeotimBtitdtd nu li/ntntyau MfG^tf 
whidt u t&r At^titr tuhiih iii Afy)efiy leHtHat^lk U 
irgiv*»»- tbtU wkitb wn /9S pr*fitm^ by ydu-H 
AatBt^fiiOMlihiHvAtMjDufifaitkril^ thtjfii 
latter fifm tb*fmdKiiii, thtnth$ Origiitaitfthikiwg 
mii Majitr Jhall hi tUiverU tmtt ft* tuttb a grtat 
^i^t/ghni^/uUSati^aie*. 6«dftefirv* yMf 

The Ki'NO*8 AKS**-!* aWiVeirttn*Mtedi: 

thtrte delivered tmtt me^ Uutfxiig the t 
iBt Bi^iufrtftht Priua?^ii\a.<Aati enillMoiti^nla^ 
huvbn my D^e and IntettmK beftiit, ■ ituy'hevrtgA 
tf laUi aiith inach Eante/h^ fiUtUld -wa aw- ift 
tbrei Ptmtj fjdltvuiig : ■ ■■ .-: 


JfjAVlNG ghftt Anfwtr t» ynr M» 
*^ bajfadtrsj andttJw^AIaimitUiaiH 

■ y E J<;GL a N 13. 6s 

¥he firft; That Ifixttld do. <ai gwid Offim of Me^- A*, i » pmm 1 
iltioTi with ihe Emperer, U ihetnd he may yitld unio '"'' 
ihe Prince Palatine the entire RefiiMm tf his Pof- 
Jeffiom and Digri'tiei'. - . . 

7i> fecbhd, That a fimitid Time he apfbinted fir 
the negotiating, <.iy itfin of Mediation; . 

The tWrd, That ijxiuld, jwthwith, declare m^felf^ 
that the /aid MediatiSn tut taking E^eli within the 
Time limited, I xvDuld etnpley my Arm againji the Em- 
peror. . 

Tauching the firft, yattr Majefiy may refi affured, 
ihat I am ready, really and effe£luaSy^ ta a^ yaur 
Majify itOthihe htft Offitii 1 Ml be abU, ta the end 
yau may receive entire SaiisfaStien, the Prince Pala- 
tine performing the due Suhmiffions, and tvhet elje is 
reqmfed, ar haifi 'ihn fatd tn STiy former Anfwtn \ 

Imchiiig the Alliance and Security on hit Part ; and 
that I ivill eeiUiniie the fgid goad Offices until the final . 
Conclujionof the Bufln^s:- 

Asfar the feCond Paint, I arh well ctnttnted that 
there be d limited Ttme appointed, betV ling the Offices 
of MeSatieh art ti endure ; but fad the Bufmefs, _ 
cannot, without af<>rmal Treaty^ which cannot be Init 
in thefr Pgrii, yauf- Afaje/y (taking fuch Term af 
Time as jhaU be reqidfite for fo great .arid diffifttlt a 
• Bu/inefi) may agree M it there, either with the. In- 
fanta my Aurit, ir ■ivilh my Ambaffddors, atid I do, 
frotn Tinfi- ti Tilke, approve ihert^; and fo your 
Aia/e/fy may give Order that, without Lifs of an% 
further Tirne, the Treaty begin for the accontmodating 
the Bdfinefs ; lOherei/l your Majefiy may likewife maka 
fuch' Propofitions for the fatisfyir^ the Dake of Bava- 
ria as Jhailfeem fitting, -■ 

Concerning the third Part, vAereiit f am intreatedi 
in your Maj^fs Nalne, by your Ambaffadors, That 
I would farthtuith declare viyfelfi that in cafe the Me^ 
diation take na Effelt, I would employ my Arms againft 
the Emperot<, aUhoUgh I am mafl certain find confident^ 
'that, by- y4ur Majefty's and 7ny Interctfiion, toge- 
-ther with the Subtm^n sfthe Prince P^atine, and 
' the Pef^frtnmcetf what ilfe ^aii be neceffory, as is 
eMefaid, the Emperer) my Uncle, will, -without all 

Vol, VI. E - doubt. 

,L.( Kittle 

^ The PaHHuilmidry Hi ST o%Y 

**. it Jnki t Airff, Jheta hit CUmentj^ «W ft* jrtJT Jl£rf^ «i- 

tient A«^i (^ iV iumv ttkertmt lm ^ lift Pnotr 

• ei Arbitrator and Medietar in tbf SafiH(ft bf_maiiH^ 

myfilf a fermal Party:, it wire. Hiiwifi *9: give jufl 

Occafan of bfftnct to the EMtni', jlif VvUj, *utd ta 
ftH in that due StefpeS wbta> k.^ig tjfitiild fiitw 

tnaarit }xm^ if 1 flmdd Mit m f a i^ iht Offitt_ of a 

Me4iaticH vjim Meiutta tf Ahm% ia *a^ M^J^ 
^ may be confident that I vnU frstwe^ by aU Mean ftf- 
'pieviith the Bufehrj that this B^iti^ mfhitf- 
feitad to -yoar, M^Jft ftM &^if*fiim\_ ifiithta/ 

drwilag my Haiid frtit ity tuoil that it/hieh ytut 

Majefty defrtih be amMBfUfiei. 

>TUi Letter lus Ma^efty Wb alnady Jc^ened 
to a %11aI)U:, and fupnofti^ finne Viitu« n^ht be 
iixVctStKA from that Pbrdl^ Jiftw- i» Mfim^ and 
the King will not take his MaiAfftm fff" Ulf Buiir > 
itefs until our MzfleribftU tafeive fi<rti)&di(>n { 
hie Majeftr fetit tb Ihe ifmfit AvibiiE&4ors, Men 
«f gmt UnilerftancKng immI Qygl^* fox X Key «r 
a CoRumnt tt> Open AcfiuAsj. ■ Aih^ Whol4k tbit 
h ^1 thev return back to Ms Mt^^t partake off 
bis mala, i. e. He wOI onpli^, m&Mit Inlciinif- 
fion, his iKft OAces to ^tocun « Satts^^^icm to his 
Majeny : Anii htAcrto diM HaiwI t£ MediuLok 
hxtk proved bnt an ualiidc]r Uxnd ia all thn 
Bufincfs.' . , , 

* Here the Lord>Keq>er reified (amewhtet. that 
«^ deHvwed by Don Arw to tb« Barl of Bri/M, 
at the rajne I*fiaiU wkb tluc P«^e3.«f the ;[^ttcr; 
as Mr. Ciarif who was dien {MVMiki taA told the 
0tflcc of Btufuii^tmln VHu- 

* Thatw^erau die Kihg«f ^c^^ feuad hit 
ErpcrrAvnng cA fo feA vith thjo Treaty of de 
MMCtt, iil^orehe had timed ttKTi>e^«f the R»> 
ftjlutipn of the PedHtinaHy he is im> r«[»W^, t9 
iftVRthls Mctbodf atad..t« pciA^ ^ Treaty ttf 
Vhe Reftituttoa of the Ptlatil»l»t .M>fe he wi^ 
^tfbetd any fuither it) tbarBf ih^Mwiuifa.' _ 



t} EN-OtAND. 67 

* ^ the two Titatfes, tt ihey move in 5^tfnt, *"■ *i Jwm* 
frenow (|uit one with thC other; as fermcHly the **■!• 
Treaty of the Mari'isgc did guftle out the Treaty 

of the Palatinofe, fo now the Treaty of the Pa- 
^(atrnate hath quite excluded tht Treaty of the 

* Am here my Z.ord Duke acqtiainting us, as 
Admiral, with an AdVertitcinem he had received «f ' 
the Fleet prepare] in Spain^ the Arreft o( fame of 

our Ships, and the coming; over of Padre Afiji/frty 
made an End of the//?* Part of the Narra- 
Tivs J which contained the fubfequtht Procttdintt 

_^ his Maj^yy ty a feleft Committee of Counfel- 
lors, in both thefe Treaties, fmce the Retam of 

. his JHighnefi from Spaiu. 

,VI. The Stating af the QjJ iar 10 v /uptr 
tctam Meteriom. , 
This Qpeftion the Duke ftateg after this Manner: 

* My Lords and Gentlemen all, Your fpeeifX 
.wu] faithful Advice (;ancernins this laft Difpatcb* 
which implieth, in the VlaiA JUiatues, i^k £du- 
.C*t^ of the. Prince Palatine's Son in tlie Emper- 
or's Court ; and proitiifeth nO Ailiftance by Arnia 

. to retover tlte Palatinate ; i's, That his M^elly ex- 
peScd from both thcHoufcs, at this Time, Whether 
this Projed of 2 Letter, being die fall Efica anJ 
Produceof all the Negotiittions which I have open- 
ed to you, be fuflicienc, fuper iotatn Materiam, for 
Ikis MajeAy to rely upon with any Safety, as wdl 
for his Marriage of his only Son as for th^ Relief 
ef his only Dat^hter ; or, thefe Treatiet fet afide, 
lus Alaj<% were faeft to tru(i to his own Sueti2;tll, 
alid to ftand upon his own Feet V 

* And fo his Gnxs ended with this Cmtcflalion, 
That if bringing us from Darkneft to Light did 
ddVve any Thudts, we owe k, and muft aicnbe 
It, to the Prince his I^bnefs.' 

After tbe Loid^Keeper had finiflied this long 

Kepoit* the Duke of Buckingham ftood up ana 

E 2 acquainted^ 

•68 *The PiwSemint^ HisTftRY 

hn. »ij>mei I. acquainted their Loh^Oiips, * That Comi^aint 'vnA 

*"3' made againft him for tleiivcring fomewhat, in his 

NarrathtL, which did fo highly touch the King of 

The Dafce «rf ^P^'" '" his Honour^ that if the like had been ut^- 

Bdckinghtfn'i tcrcd b^ any Subject of that King againfl his Ma- 

N«THkniefcnt-je(^^ it coutd not be othehvife expiated but with 

X3X5r^tbe Lofs of his Head that fpolte it. Whereforct 

the Dulce defired their Lordfhips to take into Con- 

lideration, whether he could have 'justified the 

leaving out any of the Particulars in the Niirrtf 

tim ?' 

The Lords, in generalj did commend the fair 
Proceeding of the Dulce therein, and :^reed, , 
* That, as his Grace deferved all their Thanks for 
the fame, fo he had doiie ill if he had concealed 
any Part of it. That their Lordlhips did conceive 
that it was an Afpeifion laid upon thtir Houfe by 
this Complaint ; becaufe it concerns their Lord-* 
ihips nbt to fuffer any Thing to be puhlickly fpo- 
Icen, in their Hearing, in Diftionour of fo great a 
•Prince in Amity with his Majcfly. And, they 
ctmceive'that nothing then delivered did concern 
that King particularly, but were the A<5b of his 
Officers and MinJllers only.' 

Butt f<»^ ^^ ^1 electing of Ms Grace in thb 
Matter, the Lord-Keeper, by general Confent* 
put it to theQueftion, * That the Duke did deli- 
' ver nothing, in his faid NarratUn, but what was 
fit for him to do, and what the Matter led hith 
unto; which was unanimoully agreed' to. And 
' their Lord&ips alfo agreed to fatisfy his Majeity 
herein by a Ctmimittce of their whole Houfe; and 
the Prince was delired to intimate this theii Requell 
to the King, and to let them know when his Ma- 
jedy would be plcafed to admit them to his Prefence. 
The Lord-Keeper to be their Speaker.' 

Then tl}e Houfe was moved to take into their 
.Copfideratton, how the Spanijh Ambaflador cam* 
to this Knowledge : But the Duke requeued ihelr 
Lordlbips to defilt from that Enquiry ^ for that 
- he only ddired his own JuiU^tiun, and no Re- 
venge. ■ - . 
. : . But, 


ef ENGLAND;' ' 69: 

Bvt the Ixmls were Hill more a£live in this Aa. >! pma m, ■ 

Miitter, and Tent a. Mefl^e to the Commons to ' '*' 
this Effeai ■". 

' Wbereas dieir Loidlliips are informed that,' 
Complaint hath been made to his Majefty, by the 
Spa^ Ambaffador, That the Dulte '^^BucUng- ' 
fyrtti in his Narration to both Houfes, had fo tugh- 
ly'touched the Honour of the ICing oi Spalrh, that 
it couli^L not be expiated but by his Head : 1*heir 
Ivordihips, taking this into their Confideration, do 
lind this Complaint to lailen an Afperfion upon 
themfoJves alfo; and have, by general Vote of' 
their Houfe, acquitted his Grace thereof; and have 
determined, by a Committee of their whole Houfe, 
to (atisfy his Alajefty therein : 'And, to the end 
diat their Lordlhips may ever, according to theii'- 
Delire, hold good Correfpondence with their Houfe,' 
they have thought tit ' to Hgnify it unto them.' . 
Sut, tjie Meilengers {layiAg long, Che Lords j^reej 
to adjourn to the Afternoon. 

At which "Xitae they received the fol lowing 'Both Ht*fi»}d'- 
Anfwer to their MeAage from the Commons ;■ ■ •''J '^ D»»a. ^ 

* That .their Houfe had confidered of the Mef-' 
fags^ and do find the Complaint to afperfe them 
alfo,- They have acquitted the Duke of Bucking-^ 
hflm of ar^y Thing whidi he faid, touching tha 
Honour of the King of Spain. . They attribute' 
much IJoi)our to the Duke for his Narration, and 
give his Grace Thanks for the fame ; and they ren-' 
dcr like Thanks to their Lordlhips for this their* 
good CorFefpondency.' . ■, \ 

. Tothcend the Lords might truly ftate the Quef- Further PreeeeJ- 
tioa upon the great Afiair they were to advife the ingi inralMmita 
King about, they required to have the forcgoing^in jp^"*" ■ 
Letters frt^ Sfam read unto them again. Afteri 
which the Attorney Genera] read the following 
Letters from the Earl of Srj^fl/.- 

May it pleafe your Moft Excellent Majefty, 

^ Received your Majefty' i Lettefi of the <fth of Sep- 

■f- tember, and the 2^d of the fame Month, and , 

iy^bift underjltttid that your Majejiyhath r<cti-uej 

... E 3 ' mttci 

jro The PanJiaHenhfy BIi*tc1r* 

■t»3K t^yofir Majefliff both ameatting the R^itudon tftki- 
Princt Palatine ; ai likewiftt ef this King's jUfdu- 
^fut te preeetd io the Corulufian &f the match; but 
that yonr .Mujeftj findi)^ tht Ej^&t verf uj^uitaiU 
balb hj ^ Profee^ngs eM finiflct and in tht P^ati> 

natc 1 as alfo, by whatjuu undtrfland fiam Romei 
by Mr. Gage, ef the Pope's Dematds, J ho^, bf 
lit Arrival af Mr, Cottington; your Majefly tutU 

have reidved Satiifaiiion, Injeme Meafurt at t^ 
Ittf/J, that there hath been no Time or Diligence 'smh' 
f«4, eii^r/er the riAreffi^ af any Thing that Aofti- 
htm amifSf or far the advancing of jtur Majefift- 

The. very D.ay I reeeived your Mojefiy'i tettm-t., 

- IJiAt a Gentleman Peji to the King, {wh» vJas goal U- 
I^El^urial) te erav/ Leave te. a'ttemdhim, vikii^Rt' 
fr.efeittly granted tru y and I repaired ii»iher le him- 
upm ti^ 3i«f 0£bbw, the Cende de Gondank>!r» 
being Ukeunfe commanded U wait ufert the KiMg, P 
Ittf, there wdi received ; tmdprefmtl^ ufw my Arri-^ 
val, the €mde d'Olivaros came t» tne t» tht LtinHgt- 
liAiich were appointed far tne tt rtfi in ; to him I He- 
^e7{edfvUy, in the Pre/end of Sir- Walter AftWl 
aad the Cendt de Gottdamoccv what J had f » negnti'tttt 
^fh l^K Kiitgj bffth in the Btt/hufs if the Meteh atut 
tf the I^^atii»te. 
' Iv tlie' Ma/th, I refrefint»d hviv muth- it impert-' 

■ td y&ur Mf^ejiy. that a fptedy Hifilutitk rn^it b* 
l^ie/t therein,; bath in r^ard'lf the Prinee, being 
yaur Majejlfs only Son, now 'arTi>iMd- io the Age of 
tiotnty twa Tears, and for ihefeitling yaur Afiars 
in England : / repeated it him oH tht P'offsget i'» 
this Treaty j, horn nmny Tears had been already fphit^ 
«t fV, and that efter fo kng an Expeihitim, the J5>f- 
Ugtnce ufed in Rome, for obtaining the Difpenfiiten, 
$aJ vjrought but frnall Kffe&, fmci ihe Pspc W 
lately made fuch Demands as vjere altogetiur inrpa&bU 
for yaur Maje^ to candefiend unto ; and therefore, 
your Mejejly feeing the Bufnefs jHU delayed, held y 
fit thaifomAJuib Courfe might be taken, that your 
Mfjejly might fpeedily knovi tohat ytu henv to fru^ 
unit i 


^ E N O L A K a 7f 

mfvi anithrrhfm iiad almmttdtd tnt tijipi^ mhUAm. %tj»mm1i 
this X?i^» jwtrr' iOmifi ReJ^tOwtt hew far ytk **H* 
MioU etndifteMdy gti Ftka of Rthgitn, tsUvriU what 
ibe ^ope tkmmdej. And If hmwith Aii Xwy 
etuid he fiakfitd, yur M^^^ dejtred that we imghl 
frscttd H a'/uui and fie^ Coiithiflm ^ ttberuiif^ 
aMtt Or jpt^ Hhw/ifi uMubi chtnrly detlare himjtifj 
that jtv Mufejfy might Me w mart 'S^me m the 
jfiA(i%f of the PHnaym- 9en. Hereuttti the Catde 
dXflivahib onfiomd "Oiilb fane 2.aigth, th Siih- 
Jlame wherevf /JiaS utfy pr^me toftt dawrm ytmr 

' l^t^aftffid 4 foKere fiiteiitini tnd HeMution in 
^s JUngii'wfA* the Abteh^ and that Kiere Jh^U 
not he one bdj lofl\ far that the ^edy t>iJptUeh 
ikereaf haperied tfim at unKbat yeur Majefly } and 
nthe endmTtinefnuld he lejf, this King had^ tht 
■Buy t^fhr the Death af Don BsltsKU de ZviHgi^ 
^Mtted Don FcrdiAanlo ie Gyron./w hit Pu^t, 
tit his C»mmt0fn. '■ That fir the going ef Mr. Oagje 
^rsm RtinK, and At Popi^ DtmanA^ ihiywereaf^ 
•ftbitdj ignirant tf them j thai the Jtfng had dme tU 
Wf / jh^deP;eifar thi Redref ef thli £rr«ri 
■that I might itJRrt y9ttr Mt^efy that yon ftould fend 
here alt Stnaftty and clear Proeeedtng, and wititM 
ah Hetir*! Deioj mere thcm^ of Neceffity^ the Nature 
■if the Bupi^ reftared. 

At for the Bafinrft laf the V^Ktaatc, Treprefented 
^ lafgtt the Merit ofyaar Majeliy't ProeeeMngif emd 
-the many Prom^gt trade from hence j jrrf, HefUMfh- 
Jtandiitg,' whif/l your Ma/e/lj 1WI tnalirrg at Bruf- 
•lAs, HddTcbeijJi,' ex^ ef the three Plater, wliii^ 
■were eafy teftt and wheri your Majefiy had Gani- 

jftsj, was bilged h_ the Archiidti Leopdld ari4 
M^nfttur Tfllr: That this King' hath -cvithdravm 
hit Faxes, anifi exfejed the Patatinate ^fekttelytt 

the Bmperot and the Duke ef SavBria. The Cende 
^\ytintes anfiiiered miy hy aekmwtedging how -muSb 
yme^ f^ej^s PreeetAws had defen/ed at the £ittr 
•fertt^i mid this Kinft Hands ; that -whatever ytttr 
ifegefty conld expert, or had heev atony "hime frtmif- 
'tdj fiicMidij this King he really perfermed. 

E 4 Tba 


j% fhe .PafMarf^tery H'l s.-t o"«, v 

:»sijagiql, - That the Prince PaJatine's euttt' Cearji bttbtttu 
'(•*" ,, pad been the unly Hindrance of (he effeitingof it. 

■ That he referred ii to your^ ^'P'f^f' '^'' JH^ 
' Judgment, ■whether, the calling ef thit K^n^i fercef 
put.ef the Palatinate ware withany ili f^enlioH, «f 
^erelyfor the P'^eifce ef Flanders j' i%hich\ other- 
svUe, hgd he(n put in gv'ot'. H^zari^by Count 
Manpfielfi, as yotir Majijly favj iy mh^l hfid rtally 
pajfed: That the Siege of Heidelbferg was no way by 
thi Cenferit sr Knfvjiedge tf the. King, or any of hif ' 
JUini/lers, hut was generally ■difappre'ved by them 
all. -.-■,-.-. . ■ ■ 

/ told himj I, conceived that was nothing ; fir 
that your May^y had engagtd yeurfelf to this Kir^^ 
iThat in cafe your Son-in-Law viould. not conform 
bimfelf, you would alt only forpkt him, but declare 
yeurfelf agaipff hinj^ and give the ^tpperor Afff^ 
tancefor the jeducing qf him te'Reefon i and that 
yow .Majejly could not but expf^ a likf -feciprocaf 
Prottedipg frpm this Kipghis Mqjler, tie anfwered. 
Tour .Majejfy fijould fee this Ki>^'s, Sincerity by the 
'Effiefs, and that tf Heidelberg /boHld he taken, 
tmd the Emperox: refufe ta_ rtjhre it, or.'cendejeend-io 
fucb an Acc»mmtdatipn as Jbould be held reafvnabhf 
'this King ■would infallibly eff^ your-^ajejly -with his 
Forces, ■ Afid th\^ he fpake with great 'Affuruncf.^ 
and vAjhed me to dejsre your Majefty tt be confidentf 
'^you would find nothing b^t real atid'fincere PrS- 
^feedipgs frjitn heme. " I jva^ then prefently called fir 
.to {he King, to jt^hom / fpoie, firfi, ■ in the Bufuujs 
ef the Match^ and .delivered him the Contents there- 
of in ff^ritiffg ; which I have fent to Mr. Secretary, ■ 
.1 received from him the fapie Ar^wer, in effeii,' ai 
■from the Conde d-Olivkres, Tkfi -}'. defired tfte 
Match m left than your M^efty ; ihati on his Part, 
jhere Jhould be no Time Injl from the Beginning of it 
to afpecdy Cpnciufioti. In the Bftfinifs of' the Pala»- 
tinate, Ifpoke unto the King withfome Length, rtr- 
peating many Particulars of your Majefty's Proceedr 
■fngs, end how much your Honour was Hie tofuffer; 
>, frh<& »w, whiyi you were treating, Heidelberg, 

* "... . ..<Hf''H 


' ., »/.E NGL A NX). - 7j 

J^en4fd ^ your. Garrifiin, was like U he taken. An. ii JmMJ 
^A* King anfwered me, tL would tffehually tahour '*'J" 

that your Majejly Ihould have entire Satiifaifion-i 
and rather thah your ' Majejly Jhould fail thereof^ he 
Uiouid employ his Armi tg effeil it fir you. Mj Li¥d 
AnAaffadofr ^'i" Walter Afton, accompanied me at ' 

7^ Audience, and was a Witnefs of all that pajftd^ ' 
as weU'wilh the King, as with the Conde d'OHvarts. 
ff7thmfew Days after, the News of the taking ef* 

'Heidelberg came hither ; "whereupon I difpatchtd 
again to the Kitfg, in fuch.firt as I have at large ddr- 

'yeriifed to Mr. Secretary Calvert. The Effea &f 
my Negotiation was. That they, en the i yh of Ofto- 

; ber, difpatched Letters away to the Infanta, ta flop 
the Smpf^r's and the Duke of BavariaV Procetd- 
ings -, but prejpng them further, in regard their for- 
mtr~l.e^Urs have wrought fi little. Effeli, they Jiave 
given nte a fecond Difpatcp, which iMve fenf to ikt 
Infanta, und ^hereof Mr, Secretary viill give your 
Majejly an Account ; which, I conceive, will pro- 
fttre your Majejly better SatisfaSfipn, than hither- 
to you have receive^ f'"^'" ^P' Emperor - and hit 

"Party. "'.''" 

For the Bufmefs of the Match, . 1 have written ta 
J^r, Secretary ■u^hat is to be faid at prefeni, and will 

'finly tfdd, Thcjt aj I Jhould not willingly give your Ma-- 
jefty Hopes upon uncertain Grounds, fi I would not 
conceal what they profefs ; which is. Thai they will 
give your T^jefiy real end Jpeedy Satisfaition therein} 

jpid if they intend notj .they are faljer than all the 
iHevtlsin Hell, far deeper Oaths and Protestations of , 

'Sincerity cannot be .made, ■ ' .' 

" Jt wi(l inly remain that I humbly caji myfelf at 
your Majefiy's Feet, with' that Addition af Title where- 
with it hath pleafed you to honour me and my Pojie- 
rity. My Gratitude and Thanhfulnefs wanteth Ex- 

~pre£ion, dndjhall only fay to your Majejly, That as 
all I have, either of Fortune or Honour, I hold it 
merely af your Bounty and Goadrufs, fo Jhall I ever 
chearfully lay them dowt, with my Lxfe into the Bar- 
gain, for the Service of your Majejly and yours, Sa 
' '■ T with 


«,4 ^ Faf^hanentaty Hibtokt 

M. MjiwflwiVA ffjr hwiMiJIfraj^efipr the HeatA and Bra^ 

j^ /o Gid't h^ fffiteBim, atidre/t^ 

ifii|. .moft h)fB)l)i«, and ^Aful 

SuMed and Servant, 

Thefe (setters l>Mng read; tie Lords a^ounic4, 
tiJAhitumy to <lcWe i^hat they fiipuld aqyire the 
KtDgt^ do io this ^ufuijefs, An4,'|«cau^fi'i&M^ 
ieffy I»m1 refiuiKd to have tbe Advice of Ijotli Hou- 
(es, theytHovght it iiot fit tpprqc^ed further ifl|t 
?t that Tire? ; tut to iav€ a Conference with the 
C^nmone, and to confider, '^i^. What %9 PT'^PP^ 
tp thcin at their next Meeting, 

Ffbruarj j8. TfTie Aff«r w^^ ^'H i*A'rf*4 r?-^ 
latiiigto ^tMatcbviiiiiSbamj ai^thf Recovery ilf 
the P^ihairuitei and 'U\ou£h (lie tords generally 
9£riMd, * That tKejr cannot advife abo^li one yith- 
<Mit the other ; vid, ^fo, that diey tiki lb far de- 
clared ttiemfelvcs here, that it is not fafe fiji* ^ 
K<i)e to continue the Treaty on either, noi: ti~ 
Be£l the H^itution of the p^atiiurte^ bv any other 
Ajleans th^nthcSwordj jet, their Lorduiipsdb^in 
thinlc it not fit to deliver their tih^te Ady'icc, fiut 
firll t9 cpnfult Ae Commons ; and wlien the two 
Heiri£s have agreed thciwn, jjien to (d^.vcr ttie 
^me jointly to ftis Majefty.* 

After which a long tJehate an^, what fa dfc- 
pofe to die Commons ; and, at laft It wu retot^etli 
That there was no N^c^ffitj^ to treat of the 'Mitteb 
ini t\x Paiftinatt i«scther. At^o^^^tXcimliips 
ven of Opinion, *ni3t his Mi^el^ rely n^ ^^ 
any further Treaties 3 except they fliajl Jiear'rPoAi 
the Commons better Reafens for it aC fhe COhf^- 
, fence. And a Committee was appointed, of vmAt 
_ the Puke was the Chie^ (o fearch for f ifcccdfcnts of 
fooner Treatiesand Supplies to,die K^ing in ^ERtcb 
of this Kind. Alfo, the Swing's Servants Wcre'tb 
bring them all fuch papers and DiQ>aKheS} out of 
Spain, as tfacy fhould requite. 

•/ E W © L A N D. 7f 

■ B^fdiz. TbeLordstfrerepuciti Mindof diur'An,'>i J«^M[, 
Itfft Mefl^e to ^ Canmnons, touching the Duke ''*!■ 
of Buei>h^hah ; and the^ thought eood to explain 
thahfe)*c3,bT3iKiUierMe%ge, on Sieir K«fbIutioB 
m ^vc the Ci^ SidsfitdiDn that the Dufcc it dear- 
e^ahd.aoiuttte^bydiem, ofthat which the ^n{/!& 
EiWbafedor complained of. Therefore, a Mcflkg* 
Wat fent to the Z^wer Houfc, to cxprefs their 
LdrdAip) Doubt that their Meaning was not M\j 
iimJt^ftboJ i far di^t they Jq think it moft proper, 
as tfke Jiarratim was maae tD both Houlcs, fo both 
10 join, if th^ ft] {)le^ in their Juftification of 
k to his Majtftv, 

■ After fimie Time, the Commons fent an An- 
fwcF to the Mej&ge, That they were defirouc to 
c«mfef «riT}i their Lordftnps about it, by a C«»- 
inittee of hoth Houte j die Time and Plaqe was 
left to their LoTJftfaM Option. The I^rd* ap- 
potated the Painled-Cha/nhtry and tKe Time to be 
prefefitl^i Accordiojulf^ the fajne Day, dc Afcfa- 
bidiop oF Cartierbury made the following Report 
of this Conference to the whole Houfe, 

' * Tliat t^e7 had conferred with the Commons,^ 
•boat this CoHipbirit of the Spanijh Ambal&dar u^uSI^Ab. 
aiS^nft the Duke for his ^TTCfun^ and that the lent to tbg^lHiii 
<^nipoits were lb much of one Miod with theoi, '^ AfpnU- 
» if botfiHoufiM Were Twins. That they *>igh>^ p^,^ l2w«. 
approved of what the Duke had done ; and that^ 
he d^vered nothing io his faid Narrathn, but what 
hc'was led onto by th& Itlatter itf^j wherein his 
Orart wa^ fe ft": tronrv'tiWgrefliiig, that he dsfcw^ 
d T^nnks. and Honoilr : That they were d^rout 
ta^jia wHh thfir Lofdihips, by a Committee of 
ch^ir w4ij)le Hntife, to 'fig^ify as much uhtb his 
Jf&jcfty. Ait* a^'J'M.'Ruw fenlible theywere that . 
anj- UflW^rttw, Perf(*i fliould relate • their Secret* 
a^Mad, an4 dcfired thatk whoever it was, he mjght 

Ih areftirthern'oceediMsof thisDaj»th©Duke " 
df !Btuiiwhtm put the Lords in mind of the 
A^ao^x^jJ^; ajid thu a fpecdy Refolation wa> 
■ ■ - . veiy " 

{«) Sec BMtt of thii in theifUtof tliiiMMUh. 

Ih JParHammaTf, |}i s t Q R v 

» I- fery neceffsLry in it, bccaufe Tibic ip^ P^WOT^* 

■ which the tnemy would not pretermit ; axiA^ if _ 

they JDiouId lofe the Benefit ofthe Spring, it would 

be irrecoverable ; Therefore his Grace moved the 

Ho'ufe, Th^t a Coinmittce Ptoul4 be. appoint^. ta> 

UK win* '"O'^^^"**' ^^ Stores of Myiiltion, and to make 

Armt, Mnpi- fuch Provifion for a Supply therenf" a^lhey {tiould. 

tiai, itt. oT tl)c think fit, Accordingly, a Committee u^u then ap- . 

S^rt""'' pointed, tp take 3 Vifvy pf the ^lagazines, Store?, ; 

A"^s, and Munition 1 to confider about the Tranfr^ 

portation of Ordnance ; of the Forts of the Land,,. 

and the Weaknefs.thcreof i of Ireland, and of all . 

Other Things incident to thefe ; to piefcnt ,thcir- 

Opinio|fs to th^ Ffonfe ef what Defe^ they.fiad^ 

?nd the Means to redrefe the fame, ' . *. 

March ?, ,Alter ari ^djournntent of the Houfe,. 
ad Liiituma the ^ttqroey general read another 
Letter to the King from tfie Lord Di^by^ ^tcf^ 
wards Earl of Briflfl, in thef? Wo^ds ; ■ , ' 

Lord DIGBY's Letter to the KING,' . 
Mod Gracious Sovereign,. ... ■■ ' .^ 

JT may pleafi your Majfft^',^e rem/mber, Tbat^ at 
•' mjr coming out ^ Sp^'H^ I ftgnijied unto puiff^^ 
Jtdafi/ly, haw far the JDuie of Lerma' had, upon Je~ 
■ ■ vera! Occa/ions, iniirfiateU utitB. nft an extraordinary , 

Dejire if this King ond State for not tnly "M intimate ^ 
Peace and Amity vjith' your Ific^efiy^ hut tohy.hild^ 
•-'§f aU Means that might be offered, for the nearer _ 
uniting of your Majefiies and your Crowns. : And^. 
from this Generality, he had defcendfd often to bavt- 
Difiourfe with me ^ a Match W'^h toe Pr/tf^ hiy^ 
fighn^fs wilb the fiund Daughter of Spain , ^ffur-*. 
ing me, thai, in this King and his Minijlers, there,, 
mas a very forward Difpo^tion thereunto, Butfra^ i 
me he received no other AnFwer, but to this EffiH i'^ 
That in the Treaty of the' former Match for the' 
late Prince, '1 had received fo Jirange and unexpe£lfd^ 
Anfwer from them, and that their Demands atd 
feemed/o improper and unwHrthy, that, I canceivedj^f^ 
your Majejjy had little Reafon ta be induced again ,<^ 
give Ear to any fuch Overture, er that' I ^uld en~ 


■ Y E NG LAND. ^7 

'ttr again into any'fuch Treaty, much Itfs to he the ^' »i J""" t 
' Moiiener thereof; although I would confefs, that if I "*J' 
■ Vfere fully ferfuaded of the Sincerity of their Inten- 
tions, and of a PoJJfbiHtyef . having the faid Match 
effe£ted, I inovi not any Thing -wherein I would more 
willingly employ my Endeavours; but, ai the CafenvOi 
Jioed, I was certain, that if I Jbould hut make any 
fich Motion in England, IJhould but draw aft Im- 
putation ef much Weaknefs upon myfelf, and no whit 
■aduance the Caufe; for that your Majefty and yoiir 
Minijiert would maie_ no ether ConflruHiBn ef that 
Motion, hut that it was only to ahufe your Majejly, 
und to divert the Match of France, which was then 
treated of: For that your Majefy, who, hut the Year 
before, had received fo ttnpleafing and unequal an 
Anfwer, Jhould now be perfuaded that there was hert 
fo great a Change as that a Match was really defir- 
' ed, there would now need more than ordinary Af- 

furance. But the Diiie of Lerma, continuing 

fevr^al Tmies in the fame ProfeJJion, and telling me 
■ -iefdet. That the greatejl Cafe might be altered by 
GircUpiftances, and that the Age of this Prince whs 
much mare proper than that of his Brother, I freely 
Jet the Duke hiow, that in cafe I might be fully of- 
fured that fuch a Match was really defired here, 
and be able to propound unto my Mafter Conditions 
ef fo much Advantage, as might certainly put Imn 
and his Minifiers out of doubt that this Overture was 
not again revived from hence, either for DiverJieH or 
' winning of lime, I would then willingly intimate 
unto your Mejefiy the Inclination and Deftre I found 
here, of hdving a. Propojiiion for this M^tch ona 
again Jet on foot. _ The Duke told me. That he w»i4d 
■have further Conference with me ; and that he n» 

• ways doubled 'but then to give fuch Satisfaitien as 
' might well affure both your Majejiy and ypitr Minif- 

• ters, that fheyfimerely deftred the Match in generaly 
Vnd'would omit noihing on their Side fir accommadal- 
■ ing every Particular that tnight give Furtherance unto 

'■_ it. But, the very Night before the Duke had ap^ 

•pointed a Meeting with me, there came a- Poft dif- 

' faiehui eut of ^tig\^i from the Spanifh Amkaffadar^ ■ 

... I upon 


^8 The PtirSamentiiry Uft-rofiY 

la. itjtaml. uptu-tbe Arrival ^ Sir Thoowa Edioondi in £af* 
ifai. Jand, whahnaghtWtriihataMatit mnth Franc* 
wesiabjebtiify aatchtdti^ axd thet vMUm afnu Daft 
h urn <§ if piitmbed ; jubefet^tn tie Ihti*^ at aifr 
Mtethg tbt tifxi Merm^-, Uld au that k juauM he 
vteMeft nova U dtfcend ta ag P^tiathrt in the Sufi- 
tup toherttf tot vttrt tv treat ; Smx thtf had n^rfv 
reteivtd Aivtrt^emmt that tki M^h with ^nxax 
viatfuSj ctncbaUd. And thus fir that prtf^t Mff- 
Ur r^tdfamt five er j£r ff^Ms 9ptr^ 4iieiU toU^' 
.Tim 1 ivai ta ga into EnglMu! ; and Jo ta^ng Zmtvc 
tftbt Dttht be afitd-nUi Whtthtr 1 jtfid nat re- 
imttd Advtftijemttd ttfit theMMch <K»tb Fnacetuar 
mlpnhmhtdf I ttid him at, ^ tkfit 1 had ter- ■ 
tainfy beard, that it wfii ngt ytt fuilj tentUaUd: 
WheriUfim ht tntrtattd pu, tbgt, in ea^ Ifivndimt 
tie French Jdatib in fueb iier^iardtafi, 4ii it tiaJd 
itethefittjtd, I vmU-Ut himiima tfiti and^iat 
if Ifiuddfet mjkind 9f -Po^iiiy, tbat tbt B^fi- 
tie/swehadJfoitaf-lbigbiig/Heiifiotf Iwmddad- 
verlj/e Urn ; a»d that thertiipen h* mvmiU firttuid ia 
ibaft Patticaiartf vibich he ^ermtr^ inten^t^ fir ipj 

Herewith I aapiointed itur.Ataj^^ tmd ^ndiiig 
HMthf&^T^.Ambalfador in Eng^d b»d iiatife 
fnm tbt. Dale of our firmer Pratttdingty and Qraer 
it further tbetn hy aU pap>U Me^i he catddy ejpe- 
Mally if be Jbauid undtr^und that jmr M^j^ sven 
not fully rtfohed ef the French, i^i^b \ I- tb»ught,it 
/l, ^ his Means, tt kt tbeJiuie.imderfiand in vdiat 
^aU Ifcmd ibis Bufimfs in fwbad ; and tbire- 
' upan^ with fovr Maj^fi Pt/m^an, wfett-a f/ttttr 
io bim'tt this EfieS : 

' ^timt nltbpiigb it were true ik^'bf )Hie0ch ^tb 
Fcance bad iten trtated ef wfth-.piiub £arnf0ntji 
en both Sidet^ and vtitb great -l-ifiiUheid ff. ^^mg 
tmeluded; yet there deify artfe j« nvOq V^piitiet 
and nevi.Ca^er ef Ddaj^ that Jju^td it Jar pum 
.40^ perfeSJQKichtfieH; neitbep ^ f ^ ,Ct^/ir4b- 
fJatefy ta d^ar af the Bn^s .whitb ^tO^Hpei Mad 
■iiaendtd, unitfs At Dif^atktei ^ i^ iPntJ/titns 
fi mvU vMr k d^ttptt i- fa* if tk^t ^3>k».jillliid 



nT ENGL AND. 79 

^frtftSed if Spain, v/btcAinllK Treatf fir thtlalt *»' *t'j>mm 
Piiut ^/tre MtumdeJ, it weft tetter by much lut t» *^^ 
X/»tW the O^l^fs i than iy unfittirtg and unbecoming 
■PrMititki Ki ttiker Si^' tt p'oe Diflajlt^ or l^n 
0a ^rien^pvihich imv i^t htttvixt ynir Mt^eftia. 
Atul AfT^^rt I t)At^ei 'that, in Spain* they bistiht 
ft fBtdent TbithJiuB Cih^ttont at year Mej^y'tmgi/I 
ftdng^ and eonvenitntljf yield antOf and aH tAer Ox-' 
tim£t Princti were willing t» content then^tlves wi'tfi ; 
f'neiAerfaw Caufe to kipefir good Sucee/s, nor Rea^ 
fantt j^the Treaty on foot ; bid in cap that I m^ 
ituw Sm the Candiiiimi, in Point of Religion, hiigfy 
ie puh a% I Jhiuld fet a Pt^ibility of your Mejejlft 
aiUtlctnding to tbtm^ I JhouU htfarfrom iefpairing 
^fiHu^od Efftil% fir that I inow divers, not of 
the mean^ nor Uq/t-Petuer with ymr Maje^ wert 
ihereiait* weU intuneJ, and would give their ielping 
Ha^dt^ &c.' 

Serevpen the SpanHh Jhntj^dor dtfpaicSed iG& 
fecretarjittta S{>ain, and received Anfwer from fit 
pnie, Tha he fiittdd put me aU AJ^rance that 
there was here a great Deftrt and fnclinatim to fit 
pudit^ a^ the Match ; and that, at ng Return inti 
§fan% they no witfs diuhted hut tftx^ receiite fuA 
■fatufiaiJion at Aoald maie it appear, that, en their 
r«rtt thvefiould he nothing wanting fir the iffeS'it^ 

. It rematneth that I naw Jigniff ta your M^efly 
p/hat iatb p*0d hereht Jkxe vy laji comiiig to thif 

J arrived here in Madrid ti^ a Day tr two be- 
ftre their Chri&ius, and having, fame fa Days ef- 
ter, nq [Au^enif agisted hy the King ; vubiM 1 
PMis in aviithdraviig Chemhtr expeSling the Kin^t 
mming firth, the 3uh of £.erina tame hither' t» 
tear me_ CM^ianyy end after many refpeilful T>e- 
rtiani^i^'yattr'iidufift^ '« ^">t% """^ Princ/t 
ittaitht andfimtfiw Comphments unto myfelf can- 
tering ng ffelcwme again ta the Court, bi fell ta 
^tfii af the faMe Alarmi we had in England con- 
ttKWg a Spantfli Armada ; feeming much ^leafed 
tiasnj Cr$^ Jbadd ia ^iven U any Thing fa 


idi fie Parh'amm4fy "H r s t S r ^ 

Ak. i| Jfiiei i. much'td his Maker's Dijhanaur and wattt of Fl'detityi 

'6"3' ks be termed it ; hut yaur Miijefty^ hefaii, Sdnever 

believe il : Aid, itjeemj be had heard of fame pleo- 

fanl Anfvb'er your Majifly pimld make ft fme one of ■ 

your MinifierSi that in grlhi fleflf carhe tb.your Ma^ 

■ j<fty vjhen yeit were h Huntitig, bHd told you that the 

' Spahifli Pled has in the Sleei/e: Fratn this he ea^ 

iered into grtiit Brotejiation of the Siriterity ef this 
King's AffeSlians and Ihtentims towards yeui" JyfajeJ^ 
iy J telling W, ^at t Jboiild now fee how much they 
defired to work a greater Nearnefs and Uniting be-, 
tween your Majejiits ; and that particuliHy as to the 
principal Bujmefs (of tuhich m former Time be had 
fpoien, meaning ihe Marriage,) he ivaitldfliertly fpeai 
• ' with me, but it mufi be at more Leifure. la/tJtuereH 

him. That I Jhouui not fail Jhortly to watt on him} 
and that hejhduldfind Me anfweTabU. to, the Phfef- ' 
Jions I had made ; which was, t^at, bein^ inmiceS 
thereunto by fucb fuffieient and good Gi'puKds as mighty 
fatisfy any Mafter, both for the Cenveniency hnd Fit- 
iingnefs of having fuch a Treaty to be fet on foot, and 
likewife might take away all Objections of their Intent 
if entertaining and diveriing your Majefty hei-ehy, I 
would be as ready to dt all good Off as, andgivt Fur- 
therance to the Bu/mefs, as any Mtnijler the King if 
Spain had. And this was all that, at ourfirjl Meet^ 
ifg, />#'' '" 'f>" Baftnefi. 

Moutfohte eight Days afier, I having not dll this 
Time fiirred oiit of my Houfe, under Colour of be- 
ing indifpofed, though the Trufh was, indeed, to . in- 
form myfelf ef fome Particulars which concerned your 
■Jidajejiy's ' Service before, I would Jpeak ' with the 
Duke i he being, as / fmce undefftood, femewhat 
troubled, that, in all this Time, I made no Meant 
to come unto him, one Morning, by Nine of the Clocf; 
very privately, came to my Houfe, without advertif- 
ing ef his coming (as the Cufiom is here) until hit 
Coach Jiaid M r/ly Gate j and then he feni. a .Gentle- 
man to mej telling trie. That the Duke iwtf there tt 
Jjieai with the. WheA I had conduced thi Dukt 
into a Room inhere ive' wei-e private, he fell into thi 
eforefaid Malteri and in the Manrxr ai J fixM "hen 

fit , 

B,o,i7-<iT,Goo^le I 


8/ E N G L A i^ Oi , 8 

fk down unta your Majeftjy without making eivj Btfar An. «» J" 
Pretence Us ihe tntettt of his Coming, er without uf- ''*■ 

!«?, in the Spaa af ah Heitr^ any Speech of any ether 
Bupieft. , , , ^ . 

After Tome feivj ^ejihm ef yaur Alt^efty ardthe 
^ueen, he began to aji many Things of the Prince^ 
hs of his Agf, his Stature, his Hcelih, bis fnclina- 
Hen, to vjhat Sports he was chiefly giiitn, and then 
fuddenly, as it Were ttiith a pa^ionate Exprefjien of 
'Affe&iens he defired God te iUs hSm, and to make 
htin the Means by which yeur Majijiy, might he cm- 
joiHiH in H nearer Alliance, and your Kingdoms inper- 
.Pelhal Amity ; faying to fne. That he was eut of 
Doubt ef tny good Inclinations h this Eufnefs, how 
iy what hadfoVmerfy paffed helwten us on ibis Sub* 
je£t, as likeWife hy my Prcief dings in Ehglani], where* 
sf he had heenpilty informed hy the Spanifh Amhaf- 
fador ; ^nd therefore be would, in a, few Words, deal 
with rue with much Freenefs and Cleamefs, ajfuring 
himfeif he Jbould receive the like Meafure from me j . 
and thereupon entered into a folemn Protejiatien, how 
mtftift the King dcfirid the Match ; and, for bimfilfi 
he foUrHnty fwere there Was tia one Thing in the World 
he more dejired h fee before he died, than the effeS- 
itig thereof: Bui, rtly Lord Arhhaffador, faid he, you 

■ ^ufl deal dt jiiftly with tiUi ie lei me underjland tuhe- 
theryou tenceivi the like Deftre to be in the King of , 
England 6nd hit Minijleti, arid then I /hall proceed 
id /peak further unta you, /, attfwered the Duke, 
That I ever ijleef/ud more the Reputation of a Man 
ef Truth and Integrity than of Skill and Subiilly j 
isjhich, I did hope, he would well perceive by what I 
was to fay ; for ihat I WSs much there defirous fairly 
to go off from this Bufinefs, than eafily ta enter int9 
it ; and therifai-e if he would have me fpeak rrry Qon- 
feiente, I did not conceive that, either in your Majef- 
ty, or any of pur Minijlefs, there wai any Kind 
if Inclination ihereLnta ; for that they havrnf for- 
rturly given fo refelute and difiafleful an Anfwtr, 
your Mcjeflj had juji Caufe never again to cafi fo ' 
n^eh as ysnr Thoughts ihii IVay, and though it might 
be aUedged, That the Fitnefs of the Prince's Years, 
Vol. VI. F ■ and. - 


82 the Fark'aOfttta^ it 19 to A It 

a. iiJuBtti- and athfr rivil Regards, might caufe nnu RffilutiBtiit 
»**J' yet the Differences of Religian were Jijll tht famei 
, and the fame were the Tenett and Opiniens of Di- 
vines in Matter of Cohfdence ; and therefore it could 
not hut be a Thing of great Difficulty to perfuade jam' 
Majeffy and your Minfjfers, that a Match fhould ht 
hearkened unto, much lefs defiredfrom hence, hut upott 
the fame Terms ; the very Thought and Remtmhranct 
thereof is yet unpkafing /» England ; So tlsat^ to deal 
plainly ixiitb him, I neither found, either in your Ms- 
jefly, or in the Council, any Kind of Thought or Im- 
agination of any PoJJihillty (f having any juch Motion 
again ; but this I found hot to grow from any Diflike 
or want of AffeSlion in your Majejly towards Spain, 
iw that many of the greatefl or principalieji Perfans in 
England judged not the Nearnefs and AlUance with 
Spain equally valuable with any other in Chriften- 
^om ; itit that, out of Diflq/lefulnefs of the former 
jfnfwers given from hence, all Expectations of any 
Buftnefs of this Nature were ahfolutely extinguiftied ( 
arid therefore again to revive it, there would need 
more than ordinary Endeavours^ or ordinary Aj^antel 
But as I inew this Match would neither want tVelf 
Willers nor Affiflers, and, for my awn Pari, I would 
freely make Prafi-ffwn, that no Man more defired it 
than myfe^, or would mors willingly employ his En-' 
deavours for the Furtherance thereof; when, by def- 
tending to Particulars, I fhould fee that both in re- 
gard to the Conditions and Affurance of ftneere Pre- . 
cteding, the Motion was worthy and proper fir a 
good Servant to offer it unto his Majltr ; neither Hten 
■ fhould I be wholly out of Hope of good Succefs, though 
J could not hut ejieem It a Bufin^s of infinite Dlff- '■ 

The Duie replied,' That any Courfe I thought fit 
herein fhould be condefanded unto ; for that ell Time 
was hji that was fpent in Generalities ; and there- 
fore, if I fi liked, he would move this King^that 
fome one ar two befides hlmfelf might he appointed ta 
have Cinferenee with me ; for that if he Jbeuld re- 
tain it in his oivn Hand only, it would, by reafon if 
his many Occupations, have a flower Pregrefs thait^ 


% wi/hed i hut if Vm SVOiiid; h^ way tf Cenferiiue, A"- * ' j^n* '• 
Bgeft the Di^euHhs into ffeadi and Particulars, he '**i- 
Wauld, as often as He couid; U prefent at our Meet- 
ings-, ind, for his otvn PcH, he jaid, he apprehend- 
kdfriv DigSculiiei would Ortfe b&tfrm Difference of 

I told the Diiie, Thai { very tvetl approved of the ■ 
'defcending into ParliculijTs ', neither jhottld J refufl 
Conference with any herein tvhoM the King Jbould ap- . 
point in fpeak ivilh me ; Bui if his Meaning ivercj 
that ihefe Pirfms Jhould be nominated or joiited by 
way of CommiJJioni I thaiight fit. to ret hiht under^ 
flAnd, that T neither had any Time, nor did I at the - 
prefent fpeai of ihij 'Sufmefi eithet- by Order or Di- 
teilioA \ no, not fa much 6s eVen by_ your Mtijejffi 
Privity : But at a Mmijer, that defired to lay hold 
in all Occajions for the cmreafirfg of further Lave 
and ^eamefs betiuiilt his Mafler and the Prince bf 
wkom he is eniployed-, I Jhould he gladf to the utmoft' 
if my Power, io advance arid further, this Caufe ; at 
that whici I apprehended to be the greaieji which the 
fforlJ now affordeih, for the firm uniting of your 
Mm/li'! and pur EJfates. 

The Diiie told me. That ihis King wotdd make ni 
Scruple to declare his good Inclination and Hifire t» 
have the Match proeeeded in ; and that, for accom^ 
hiodaling the Difficulties, he had already ufed divert 
Offices and Diligences with the Pope, as Hiewife 
hvith the greaieji Divines of this Kingdom, thereof 
he named fame u'fita tne. Whom, he faid, he- found 
bery well inclined to the Match. He told me alfo 
he would be glad they might fpeai with me, fo then 
I might truly underhand, by them, all Kirid of Scruple 
that could be alledged. I dnfwered. That I difired 
nothing more, and that I (ouldnol but approve of theft 
Courps hi prefcrihed, ai the mofl probable to produce 
it good Bffeil ; and that t hoped God would give a ■ 
happy Succefs to the Bi^mefi : But I jhould be bold in 
one Thing to dHiver my Chinipn, which was, no wayt 
to intereji our Miners herein, linlefs by the under- 
Jianding Und clearing the Difficulties on both Sides, 
there fituld be a great Appear anct and Probability ^ 
F 2 that 

84 The ParHaminfary HisTorI' 

L xi}VK*Vthai tht Bufatfs wBuM take EpS-, fir if thnf 

»'*J- }fames jhould bt theriln ufed, and afttrwards tht 

Treaty Jhnuld not hi fucctfiful, it would but exafperati 

itnd briid a greattr I}ifiajle betwixt yeur Ma}eflie\ 

the Duke told »«, He mijliked not my Opinion ; the' 
he /aid. However the Bufmefi fuceeeded, yet yen 
Jbeuld have^ Reafin to accept hndfy this KingU gout 

intentions \ fir that, if it mifiarried, it fhould ap- 
pear not to be through their Default ; hut that they 
hadjlretched at far as Hsno.ur or Confcunee woula 
give th^m leave. 

And thtis rnuih he /aid 1 might ivrite te your Ma- 
jefty. If I thought fit, or to my imfidtnt Friends tn 
£nglan<I, his Word and AJfurance ; and fa telling me, 
that he would prefently appoint tbofe that fiwuld confer 
with me in this Bufmefi, we then parted. 
. Within tzua Days, after I "went to the Duie, and, 
after I hadfpoken to him ef the Bufmefi efi Clcves, ' 
according to my Inflrutiions, whereof I gave an Ac- 
count to Mr. SecTftary, in a Difpateh MreStd tohiniy 

■ we fill again into Speech of the Match. 

The Duie told me he had well conftdered of that 
which I had /aid unto him, and much approved it^ 
Net to interefi our Mafiers in the Bufmefi till we 
Jbould fee fime Liielybood of good Succefi. 
. And for that he fuppofed the Difference of Religion^ 
lite to prove the only Difficulty of Cenfmeration-, he 
■ tlMUght it fit that it Jhould firjl' be cleared; and 
iherefire he would break the Matter with the Car- 
dinal of Toledo, and the King's Confeffor, and with 
them Jhauld be joined another /earned Man, one Fa- 
ther Fredrick ; who, fince J underjland, is a Jefuit^ 
but truly hath the Report of a moderate Man. Thefe, 
the Dukefiaid, fiould have Orders to ccnfier with mt, 

, efftd Charge to go as fiar as might be, referving fafe 
the Grounds and Sincerity ef their Religion. I an- 
fwered the Duke, That I was well fatisfied herewith 1 
and that if their Demands were fuch as would content 
any other Catholic Prince, I ficuld hapf of good Suc- 
tefi; if othertuifi, I Jhtuld yet judge it an Happinefi 
to be put out of Doubt and Sufpenfi ; andfo we paf" 

fed from this Subjeil, 



eT E N G L A N D. 85 

iprefume U jil down tg ytur M'lje/y all the Paf- Sa. h Jroa I 
ySr^w »f thii Bii/intfi, with fi much Length and Ful~- »'*>■ 
M^, (for that I ne vajs dart adventure to affer to your 
^ Ataiejiy any Opinian or Belief of my swir, either for 
the Fitnefs of the Match, or for the Sincerity of their 
Intention, or the Poffiiility of accommodating Diffe- 
rences in Religion) that your Mejojly, feeing iinSf- 
guifedly all tf^ri hath hitherto paJfeJ, with every Ctr- 
tumflanc(, may be pleajed, out of the Confideratio^ 
and Krt-miUdge of thefe Particulars, to frame unto 
yourfelf fuch a Belief of their dire£i Meaning, att4 
fueh a Refolution for the further proceeding herein^ as 
fiall ie mojl fuitable to your Majeftfs Wifdom. Onlj 
IJhall think it fit tofet down further to your Majejiy^ , 

the particular Ends which, it may he concei-md, they 
aim at, by fitting this Buftnefs on Foot at this prefent; 
in cafe they fhould not intend really to perform it. The ' 
firft may be to divert and Jlagger your Majefly's Trea- 
ty vjith France. The fecond, for the entertaining 
your Majejly with fair Hopes and Pmmifes, thereby 
to ke^p you from declaring yourfelf oppojite to them in 
theprefent Bufmefs a/" Juliers a»./CLvesi which it 
Jiill remaining unfettled. 

But ibis being JO, your Majejly may be pleafcd to ««- 
derjland, that though they may ferve themfilves ivith 
this Occafion, yet that there could not any fuch Thing 
be primarily in their Intention j for the expreffsng of 
their Defire tt the Match was the laji Year, long 
before thefe Differences happened. 

Further, the Duke of Lerma would be the mqfl 
falfe and 'dijhonourable Man living, without Chrif 
tlanity or Soul, if he would voluntarily fo deepfy 
damn himfelf with Oaths and Protejlutions of a 
Thing be fincerely meant not ; and truly ht would 
deal contrary to the Wifdom of bis other Proceedings, 
wherein He layeth all /if ions of Diftafte or Difcour- 
tefy upon other inferior Minifters, labouring Jiill ta 
ilear himfelf of the Imputation of them, if in tbit 
he Jhould make himfelf the Author and Inflrument of 
fo indireii and unyujl Proceedings between Primes : 
But the Courfe «/" moft Security and Caution is, that 
ymr Mojefiy fuffer none of your ' other Refoluttins to 
*■ 3, ** 

S$ S%e ParHantertt^ry H i s t o n V 

4p. »i jMtnl. he interrupud by this Overture ; wi^, if ytur i^- 
**»Jr jefty hepleafedfer a while it entertain andfufpend the 
Canelujien of the Match with France, J conceive it 
can be but little to your Majeftfs pifadvaniage. 

Itf laflly, mw remsineibi that I become an humblfi 
Suitor to your Majtjly for your clear and full Direc- 
tions in this Bufinefi j deffring that, if yeur Maje/ly 
will have it further entertained, I may have amph 
Jriftruif ions from your Majefty ; both that I piay inti-r 
piate what may be expected in paint ef Dowry, and 
in all ether Things to be required by your Majefly, aj 
liiewife hetufar I may proceed in fatisfytng them in 
point of ReUgion ; fir it is not to be fuppofed that they 
will proceed with that Freenefs and Direifnefs whicff 
• is to he wifhedfor, unlefs, in a fitting Meajkre, thef 

fiallfie me likewife ahU and willing to declare myfelf 
in fuch Points wherein they may exfefl Satisfe£liou, 
I intend not hereby to move far a formal Commiffitu 
to treat, but only a private tnflruSlian for my Dire(~ 
tion and U^arrant bow to behave myfelf (is may be mofi , 
advantageous to the Catffe and your Majefly's Ends : 
So, humbly befeeching your Majefiy to cdmmand this 
Bearer to' be difpatched bad with all convenient Speed, 
I recommend your Majefty to the holy Prete&ioH of 

and Servant, . 
Jp. DIG BY, 

After hearing the Contents of this I/Ctter, tbo 

^ M U^' ^"""^^ '^San " deliberate on what fliould he ddi- 

ffaeKJnftakRik vered to the Commons, at a Conference that Aftcr- 

off the Treitiet noon, concerning the Grand Affair. And it was 

withSpwn. agreed, that the Lord-Keeper fliouId fcegin with 

an Induction, out of the Duke's Narration ; ati4 

then acquaint the Commons, That the Opinion of 

their Houfe was to advife the King, fuper toiam 

Materiam, That his Majefiy cannot, with the Safety 

tf his own Honour, or Conventency of Religion ank 

the State, proceed any. further for the Treaty of the 



jT E N G L A N D. Sj 

PrtHet's Match, nar rely any longer an that far the A«. ii JwwL 
Heeiivery ef the PaJatinate. »*»1- 

It was alfo agreed, that the Lord-Keeper fhould 
ddiver unto the Commons, bv way of Supple- 
mcnt, firft, concerning the Treaty of Marriage^ 
That it appeared, by the Earl of Brljuri DJIpatdh, 
of November 2f 1624. That the firft Motion of 
it came from Spain, vi^ from the Duke of Lerma ' 

into England, 2, Concerning the Treaty of Re- 
Jiitutiony That the King of Spain hud prpmifcd 
Affiftance, by Arms, in cafe a Mediation AiouM 
not prevail ; though now he denied it again. This 
appeareth out of another Difpatch from the Earl of 
Brijiel. 3. Concerning an heroic Saving of the 
Prince, * That when it was noifed he ibould be. 
detained a Prilbner in Spain, he fent Word by 
Grymet to the King, Thai in cafe Neyis Jhauld come 
hither of bis Detention, his Majejiy would think no 
more on him as a Son ; tut refleSi all his royal 
thoughts en his Sijfer, and the. Wellfare of his own 
^iates and Kingdoms' 

The reft of this Day and the two following a Conferane^ 
were chiefly taken up in the Conference between 1i"«opoii- 
the two Houfes, about this Grand Affair^ as the 
Journals call it : And, 
■ March 5. The Archbifliop of Canterbury made 
a Report, briefly, of what had pafled at it, and de- 
livered in the fteafons, in Writing, from the Com- 
mons, to fortify their Refolutions to advife his Ma— 
iefty to proceed no farther in the Treaties with Spain: 
Which were thefe : 

I. » It is obfcrved. That the State of Spain, not The Coauma] 
content with their ordinary Provifions for the Ex- '^"1™**°^ '' 
ercife of the Roman Religion by the Infanta and her L^d^d».' 
Family, which other Princes, in like Cafe, would 
have demanded, ^d which his Majefty, with great 
Reafon, might, at the Beginning of this Treaty, 
have conceived they would have been contented 
with, have, with great Vehemency, upon the Ad- 
vantage of having the Prince's Perfon in their Poflef- 
fion, prefled agenerd Connivance for his Majefly's 
Subjei^ of the Roman Religion, to the great Dif- 
F 4 honour 

SS ' The ParUametititry H i s t o x t 

$. >■ Jinei I. honour of Almighty God, in the Sincerity of hit 
»'*J' Service in this Realm ; and to the apparent Dimi. 
Dution of hisMajefty's Sovereignty, by eflablifliing 
a neceflary Dependence for Proleiiion upon a foi 
reign King and State ; and tothe great Derogatioit 
of the Laws of this Kingdom i and, lafily, to the 
Grief and pifcouragement of 4II his Majefty's well-r 
fSeiQ^ Subjed^, from whofe genera) Difcontent 
.they expected, as well appeareth, a Confequeocc of 
no fmall Mifchief/ 

II. * It is obfeivedi that during the Continuance 
of this Treaty, and by reafon of the fame, the Por 

Silh Faction have exceedingly increafed in thii 
Lealm, both in Multitude ^d Boldnefs; and 
whereas, heretofore, they haye been divided amongft 
themfelves into the Party of Jefuits depending upr 
on Spain, and the fee ular Priefts ; othen^ifc they are 
generally, now, firongly united together, depend-:- 
ing no Ids upon Spain fer tempoiaf ReTpe^, than 
from Rome for fpiritual ; which, confidering the 
Houfe of Spdin hath been always a capital Enemy 
to our Religion, to encreafe their own Greatnc&j 
. by extirpating the Proteftant Party in ail Place* 
vwhetc they can prevail, cannot but be of moft dan-: 
gerous Gonfequence to the Safety of the King and 
this Realm, unlefs Jiemedy be provided with Speed 
for abating that Party her? at home; which canr, 
not be during the Time thefe Treaties are oji Foot.* 

III. * It is obferved, that, by Advantage of thefe 
Treaties, and thereby keeping his Majeffy in hope 
of general Peace, they have conirarily, under Pre?i 
tence of affiftirtg the Emperor, opprtslTeil by the 
Proteftant Party in moft Part of Ch-ijitndom, being- 
the ancient Allies and Confederates oi this Crown, 
to the endangering not only of the whole State of 
the Reformed Religion, but alfo againft the common 
Safety of all the Profeflbrs of the fame.' 

IV, ' During the Time of thefe Treaties of 
Love wjth his Majefly, they have, with all Kind of 
Hoftillty, fet upon bis Majefly's Son-in-Law, the 
Hufband of his only and moft Royal Daughter j in- • 
V^^dhis Towns '^^ Territories ifi all Places; and, 



in fine, difinherited him; with all that Royal Off- Aa. ii Joom 
rpnng, of alt his ancient patrimonial Honours and '^* 
Pofleffions ; to the great Difhonour of hjs MajdW,' 
and the extreme Grief of all his well-aiFeftcd Sub- - 
jeds ; and now alfo, at the laft, when they fliould 
have come to mi^Ee good the Hope of Rdtitution) 
thev have laid new Grounds for endlefs Delays, 
ana turned pretended Difficulties into apparent Im- 
pcAbilitics i not forbearing alfo to annex, as a 
Condition to the weak Hope of their uncertain and 
imperfed Reflitution, that the eldefl Son of the 
Count Palatine Aiould be brought up in the Em- 
peror's Court : So reftlefs are their Defires to work 
^e Overthrow of our Religion by all poffible De- 

Lefthi * It !s too apparent how many YearS| 
from rrime to Time, they have deluded and abu- 
fd his Majefly with their Treaties ; how fmatl Re- 
aped they have fiiewed to the Prince's Greatnels 
^nd Worth { what Indignity they offered, 
figain and again, to his IFlighnefs, by importuning 
fiim, uponall Advantages, to forii^e his Religion) 
pmtraiy to the Cuflom of ^1 Princes, and contrary 
%o the ancient Laws of Honour and Hofpitality ; 
who ought ta have been ufed there with princely 
freedom, and preOed to nothing to which he was ' 
^-difpofed I confidering withal, with what Confi- 
dence, being fo great a Prince, he had put himfelf 
within their Powert although it pleated God foto 
guide and fortify his Princely Heart, that he cOn- 
muitly withAood all their Attempts and Machina- 
tions, to his own immortal Honour, and the un- 
fpeakable Comfort of all gooA People of his Fa- 
tiler's Kingdom 1 whereunto may be added the in- 
finite Advantageoufnefs and endlefs Delays in their 
Treaties, inviting ftill to new Treaties, and turn- 
ing all to the Advantage of their own particular 
Ends; being truetonothing buttheirown^ound- ' 
cd Maxims, with which neither the ^a/c^ nor ^^ 
^ilatim of the Palatirate can poffibly confill, but 
upon fuch Terms as threaten to our Eflates an in- 
curable Mifchief ; and, for a further Jultification 


if. II Jnml, of tl»a Charge of Infiivxrity in ^ dwir Proceed- 
\%%^. ings, tbe&iPiuticuUis^DfuioSiamoogmaayqtliers, 
pi^ ba produced,' 

' ^r^. In that Treaty concerning Princ^iftBrj-t 
ftfter many fpecioys Motjona on rficir Part, tt was 
followed with difavowing their own Ambafladorst 
and a fcornful Propofition to the King for that 
■ prince's altering his. Religion,' 

' Secondfy, In the Treaty of BruffiU, wherein Sir 
Richard iVtfieu was employed, he found tMthing 
but Delays and Deceits ; and, after divers peremp- 
toiy Cofoniandsi from Sfain, fqr his Maj.efty's S^- 
tisfa^ion, fbey wrought no oth^r £]Fe3 than die 
^iegc ni^ taking of Hfi^HergA 1~ lb that be. was 
forced to return with a Proteftation.' 

* Thirdly, When Baron Bafitt came thjtbet to 
continue thejr fprmer Treaty, the firft News we 
heard* was the Tranilaripn of the Eleflorate tQ 
(he Duke of ^avaria ; of which both the Baron 
and Don Carloi proteftej Ignorance, pnd that die 
King of Spain would let the World fee boW much 
he refented fuch an Affroritj yet it plainly aj^ear-r 
eth, by the Letter of the Co^t tfOiivareiy giroii 

• to the Prince, that the St?te of S^/ii'n both had Inr 
telligence of it befoic, aqd c^pe^W jt tp bg e^^e^d 
^t that Diet.' 
, f Fiurthfy, When t|is Higbpefs was ip Spala tb? 

Count 4'Olivifre! flicwed him two letters, by 
which it plainly ap|ie^^ that, till his Cqmjng thi^ 
ther, there was nothing re>dly Intended } which 
they were not aibamed di^e^y to xtQVf to the 
prince himfelf, and f^at after (he Re^«tal qf dx 
faazardotis a Journey, and fuc^ tm extraardinary 
TntA, When a]I Arfipl^ v/cn anjji condudod, 
they &>t<tid a new Shift, by a Juncto of PivieeSi, 
to let the Prince come borne without Uje Lady \ 
. for whole Perfon his HigjjncJj ii^d chiefly putbun- 
,fclf to that Hward.' 

* Lajilyf When upoa his Highn^'s bappy R^t 
turn hither,' we had jiiQ Caufe to «xpe^ the utmofl 
they would do in rell^nng th$ Pakiiftatt j die 
fai^ul Promifc of w;hich yfa$ tbe QOly Caulf dnC 

, ' ■ ' the 


jfENOLAND. (^i 

^ Prince yielded to that Jun£to <^ Divines, tHe^^ ?■ Ji^ffpTt 
Perponfaries being prefcntly to follow ; tlic Btr^ ^}' 
jiat was to be delivered to the Elector of AfntZj 
■ being won by the King of Spain's Arms, arjd Part 
of it then in Poffeffionof his own Miniflers, con- 
trary to anexpreTs Article in the Treaty, conclud- 
fed by Pon Carlat and the Baron of Ba/eot ; whersr 
in it was particularly'provided that no Alteration 
Was to be made in thefe Treaties^ til) the generji) 
Treaty wiis at an End.' 

Thefe Reafons, with the cpnfcqucnl Advice tp 
the King annexed, being read, the Lopds approved 
of them by a general Vote of the Houfe, Ntmine £f- 
fentttnte ; and a Committee of the Lords was ap- 
pointed to join that of the other Houfe, in order tq 
go and prefent them to his Majefty. 

M«reh 8. The Archbifhop of Cantfrbwy report- 
.ed to the Houfe, That, on the 6th Inflant, the joint. 
Committees of both Houfes waited on hjs Majefiy, 
at Thtsbalds ; . at which Timi: tie dejivered himfelf 
to the King as follows ; 

May it pkafe pur Afaft Excellent M^tftj^ 
\ 1T7 E are come unto you, employed from The AddreA ef 
' W your moftfoithfulSubjeas and ScrTants^^''^|^^^ 

* die Lords and Comowns alleinbled in this prefent 
5 Parliament. 

^ And,jj&/?, They and we do give moQ humbly 
' and hCMty Thanlcs unto Almighty God ; that, , 

* out of his gracious Goodnefs, he bath bem pleaf- 
f ed, now at lafl, to difpel the Clouds and Mifh, 

* which, for fo many Years, have dimmed the 
' Eyes of a great Part of Chr'^endom^m theBufl- 
? nefs whereof we do now confult. 

! Aii^i fecondhi W'e acknowledge ourfelves moft 
' bound unto your Majefty ; that you have been 
' pleafed to require the humble Advice of us your 
' obedient Subjefls, in a Cafe fo important as this, 

* which hitherto dependeth between your Majefty 
' and the King of Spain ; which we jointly offer 
i from both Houfes, W mt Ptr&n thfre dijjeniing ar 


92 Tie Parliamentary History 

' £{agrtting from the rift. And it is upon matum 

* Confideration, and weighing many Particulars of 

* fiindry Natures, that, finding fo much Want of 

* Sincerity in all their Proceedings, vic,fuperMam 
' Malfriam, prefent this our humble Addrc& unto 

* your Majefty ; that the Treaties, both for the 

* Marriage and the Palatinate, cannot any longer 

* be continued with the Honour of your Majefty, 

* the Safety of your People, the Welfare of your 

* Children and Pofterity, as alfo the Aflurance of 

* your ancient Allies and Coo&derates.' 

To this Speech from the Archbilhop the Kwg 
returned this immediate Aofwer : 

My Ziords and Gentlemen all, 
'• jHAVE'Caujifirnto&ankGid-fmthBUmjHiart 
■* and all the Faculties of mf Mind, that mj Speech, 
whiih I dtlivtred in ParUammt, hath taken fe good 
Effe£f amongjl you ; as that, with an unaniimus Con- 
Jeia^ you have freely and ffeedily given me your Ad- 
vice in this great Bufmefi i for which I aifi thank you 
all as heartily as J can, 

I alfa give my particular Thanks to the Qenflemeif 
«f the Lower Houfe ; for that I heard, when feme 
would have cafl feahujus and Deuhti between me and 
my People, they prefently quelled thofe Atolinns ; which 
eiherujife might, indeed, have hindered the happy 
Agreement / hope to find in this Parliament. Xou giv( 
me your Advice to break off" both the Treaties, as Well 
concerning the Match as the Palatinate : And nevt 
give me Leave, as an old King, to'propoun4 my Doubts^ 
and hereafter to give you my Anfwer. 

Firfl, it is true, that I, who have hen, all the 
Days of my Life, a peaceable King ; and have had the 
Honour, in my Titles and Impreffes, to be filled Rex 
Pacificus, Jhould be loth, without NeceJJity, to embroil 
tnyfelf with War ; far from my Nature and from 
my Honour, which I havte had at home and abroad, 
in endeavouring to avoid the Effufion of Chriflian 
BUod; of which too much hath been Jhed, andfomuch 
againft my Heart : I fay, that unUfs it be uponfucS 
a Nt- 


»/ E N G LAN D. 95 

ft iftci^t that I rnajtaU it, eifanu faid tturrify Afc »i J«m» l 
9f JVtmen, Msdum neceflarium, IJhcuId bt lath U ' l* 
tnter intt it. And I rnufl liktvAft acquaint jw«, that 
I bavthad no fautU Hefegivm,tne *f obteintng hftler 
Cen£tism for the Reftttutien of tht Palatinate, and 
that nen (hut tht fitting down of tht Parliamtnt : 
But he not jealous, nor tbini mtfuch a King, that tutuldf 
tatder Pretetut of a/Ung your Advice, put a Scorn 

M ytu, hj difdaiBtitg and rejeHing it : For you rr- 

nber,. that in my firfi Speech unto you, for Proof 

of ny Love to my Piofle, ' / craved your Advice m thtt 

great and weighty Affair ; but, in a Matter of thtt 
ff^eight, I mufi firfi conftder how this Ciurfe may 
agree with itrf Confcience and Honour ; and next, ac- 
cording t» tht Pkrable uttered by our Saviour, after 
I have refohed of the Necepty and Ji^neft ef the 
Caufe, to tet^ider bow lfi>aU be enabled ta raife Forces 
for this Purpofe. 

As concerning the Caufe of my Children^ I am now 
old; and, asM.o(tsfaw the Land of Promife from 
an high Jidtuntain, though he had not Leave to fit his 
Foot on it } fo it would be a great Cemfurt ta me, that 
God would but fo long prolong my Days, as if I might 
not fee the Reflitutien, yet at Uafl I ought be affiared 
that it would be \ that then I nught, with old Simeon, 
yiy. Nunc dimittis Servum tuum, Domine, &c. 
Otherwife It would be a great Grief unto me, and I- 
fliould die with a heavy and difiomfarted Heart. / 
have often faid, and particular^ in the laft Parlia- 
ment, and JJbaUever beofthat.ATind, That as I am 
not ambitious af other Mens Goods er Lands, fo Idefirt 
not ta enjoy a Furrow af Land in England, Scotland, 
or Ireland, without Refttlutian of the Palatinate; 
And in this Mind I will live and die. 

But let me acquaint you a little with the Difficul- 
ties af this Caufe. He is an unhappy Man that jhall 
advije a King ta War ; and it is an unhappy Thing to 
feek that by Bleed, which may be had by Peace, Be- 
Jidei, I think your Intentions are not to engage me in 
JVar-, hut, withall, you will conftder how many Things 
are requijite thereunto, 

I omit 


14 ^ Paritamenta^y 'ti i s t b k V 

i.ii]«ifleit I mtit to fpeai af my own Ntcefftties. they art i^ 
'**J- 'will Hown. Sute I am, t hahe had the lenjl ke}^ 
in Parliament of arrf King that ever reigned over yiiti 
this mahy Team I mvjf let yau inmV that my Dip 
abilitier are increajed by the Charge of my Son'i your-, 
ke) into Spain ; which t wes at fir hit Hehawr, anj 
ty Hon/mr 6/ this tfatiin ! By fending ef Ambaf- 
fadiri. by ^maintaining if my Children, and by af~ 
' fif"*S "f '^' ■ Palatinate, / have intitrttd a greaf 

Debt to the King of Dehmark, whith I am not able 
yet to pay, 

The Low Couhtries, toho^ in regard 6f Hjeir Nea-' 
nefs, are-ftttefl to help fir the Reco\)ery afthePal:i- 
tirtate, are at fi low an Ebb, ihat, tfi a^ theni\ 
not, they ore fiara able to fubfj/i. The Princes of 
Getmahy, that fiould de me any Good, are hll poari 
tveat, and dijheartened, and db expeS J^fyianee fionl 
hence. For Ireland, / leave it to you, whether that . 
he not a Bsck-Door to be fecured. For the Navyi 
I thank God, it is in a better Cafe than ever it wai^ 
jet more muft bt done; and, before it can be prepared' 
as it ought to be, it will require a netb Charge, at 
well for its oion Strengihy as for the fecuring of thi 

My Children^ I vtw to God, eat no Bread but hf 
nty Means j / mujl maintain them, and not fee thetn 
want. Jn the mean Time, my Cufioms art the btfl^ 
, Part of my RfVinUts, and, in effeit, the Subftance of 
all I havt to live on ; all which are farmed out upoH 
that Condition, That if there be a War, thofe Bar- 
gains are to be difannulled ; which enfotce a greaf 

Suhfidies afk a great Time to bring them tn : NotVi 
if you afftft me ihat Wcty, I muff take them up before- 
hand upun Credit ; which will eat up a great Pari 
ef them. This being my Cafe, to enter into Waff 
without fufficient Means to fipport-it, were ia Jbtw 
my Teethf and da no more. In the mean Time, t 
beartify thank you fir you^ Advice^ and will ferifuffy 
think upon if i as I prey yau to tmfider of thofe othef 



^ £ N G LAND. 95 

j|^.7rA^itf«^ it v^fe Offitt it apptrfeim, fiaU *9, »i J*feM It 
mirt/K kr^t i»^m yeh ^ theft Tbingt that emterH ****' 
mf Efiate. 7iutfrt»if iu laptm mf Htart Uttfo ytu; 
and, having jaur Hearts^ I cavnol want your Helps j 
f» it is lilt Uedrt ih»t tpeiKlb tbt Pnrfit mt the 
Purfe the Heart. / tetil detd frattHy with yvu ; 
Jbew mt tke Aleanshew I may dawhatyMttMuidhavt 
me, and if I taie a kifalutim, by yiur Adviet, tt 
tfUer into a War, then yourfthes, by your eton De- 
futits, fhaU have the difpa^ tf the Money ; I will 
net meddle with It, but you fhall appoint your own 
Treajitrert. I fay fut this with a Purpofe to invite 
you to open year Purfesi, and then tt flight you fo mut^ 
as net to follow your Counfil, nor engage you before I 
htnie engagid fnjfiif. Gite me what you will for my 
rum MtaHt\ bi^-, J froteji, none of the Moniei 
vAUh you Jhall give for ihofe.Ufii, JhaB be iffiied hM 
for thofe Ends, and by Men ek^ed by yourfehes. If, 
■ t^ your Q0ir, Ifiiail find the MeHns -to make the 
War bcmwible and fttfe^ andthfit I rrfoht to em-- 
brace your Advite ; then / fra^^e you, on ^e IVord 
of a Klngi • that abbott^ War and Peace be- the pe- 
tuliar Prerogatives of Kingo, yet, at I have advifed 
with you in the Treaties en wiid) the War may enfue, 
~ fo I will not treat nor -accept of a Peace, without firfl 
acquainting ytu tuilh it, and- hearing your Advice; 
andtherein go the proper Way of Parliament, in con- 
ferring and cenfuiting with you i and, haply, theCm- 
ditioKS of Peace will be the better, when we be pre-- 
pared for War, according to the old Proverb, that 
Weapons bode Peace. 

Tour kind Carriage gives me much Content ; and 
that cetpforume, which my Lord of Cinterhury faid. 
That there was not a contrary Voice amongft you 
M; Hie the Seventy Interpreters, who were led by 
the Breath of God. I am fa diftrous to forget all 
Hents informer Parliaments, that it Jball net be tit 
»y Default, if I am not in Love with Pailiaments, 
and call them often ;' and Jdejire to end my Life in that 
Intercourfe between -me aHd my People, fir the tnaihtg. ■ 
af good hovjs, reforming of fuch Abufes as I cannot 
be well informed of but in Parliaaunty and nsaintain- 


p^ 9h ParUamem^ HistorV 

Ak, it|«tee»t tng ib* geid Gimenunait »/ ilit Cfmmnt-lFeami 
ii*i. Thirefm ge m chearfuUf; >m4 admfe tf theft P'ehHii 
ind n^ RtfBhdimJbtiU thttt he diitartd. 

Several fiflls had been no'w read tty the Lords^ 

, and otheis fent up l» the CoTtitnons, that this 

great ConhcU of the Land might not be ^hc^ly 

tfkcM up widi the Spmi^ Matth and the Rcftitu-'' 

tion Qf the Paiatinate: . , 

Tbt Lot^ coo^ Mareh m Tlic Lords to6k into, Cohftderatiorf 

«a« £e Stiu of the ^aite of the Nation j which the horA Treafur- 

the K.MO. g^ j,j fl^ gjj^g ^ Account (rf to the Houfe : After-* 

wards a Meilage was agreed bpoti to' bfc fefit tA th^ 

Commons^ to this Purpofe : , 

* That} according to his Majefty's CoAimand,* 
9 Relation of his EAati bad been fflade by the Lonf 
Treafuter linto them ; and they hoa^ine the like' 
hath been done in their Hoafe, by feme Membei^ 
of it there : TlierefoTe^ as this i& like to be the 
Foundation of thefe Endcavoarsj which muft firft- 
arife from them, left foihc Doubts fliould be llarteJ 
in that Houfe, as there had b«en among the Lords,' 
(which by all Means they do labour to aVoid) their' 
Lordfhips delire a Meetings whh all AoitTcnienf 
Speed} where the Prince will be pleafed, in his own, 
Perfon, to clear fuch Doubts as have arjfen iri thiv 
Bulincfs.' This was agreed to by the Commons ^ ' 
the Place, to be tbe Painted Chamber y the Time/ 

March 12. After the Reading ai Come piAAvi - 
and private Bills, the Lord Prelident of the Coiui- 
cil, the Vifcount Mandeviltf reported to the Houfe 
what pafTed at the Conference, Yefteiday,- with' 
the Commons. He faid, 

* That his Royal Highnefs's Speech wa^ framed 
upon two Doubts ; one ftarted in that Houfe, an<f 
the fecond js'opofcd by himfelf j and diat he ufed 
an heroic Speech at the laft^ His Highnefs tolJ 



* V E D G t AMD. 97 

tffeih, Yhat the Lord Treafuret- had delivered td JU.'iiJumI. 
«« liords the prefcntNcceffity of the King's Eflate. *"l* 
And a Doubt arifing amongft their Lordfiiun, what 
the King's End mizht.bc in this, hia Highnefs . 
Ihought fit to give hfs own Sentc thereof; and, ldl| 
the like Doubt mi^t alfo have arifen aOioAgft 
them, the Lords had comttianded him, as his tligh- 
itefs was pleafed to lay, to declare thus much unto 
Aem : * That the King did not intend, hy that 

* Dedaration, that we Oiould prefently enter into 
' Conftderation of relieving die King's Eftate; 

* but, to let us fee and know, that he could not, of 

* himlelf, and upon his Eftate, maintain the War 

* that might enfue upon our Advice; but intended 

* that, in the firft Place, we Ihould provide for the 

* Defence and Safety of the Kingdom; and when 
' * we had refblved upon that, then it jhould appeu 

» a Thing of no great Difficulty to fettle the King's 

* Eftace in his own due Time.' Tliis was for ^e 
Relblutiop of the firH Doubt. 

* Another Ddubt his Highneft moved tif him- 
fUf, That, it might be, fame might feU' and im^ne, 
that, when thefe Things Ihall be fetded, the King 
would be {low to call us together a^tn. For this, 
his tSghnefs urged them to call tb Mind the latter 
IVt of the King's laft Anfwer, ' That it fliould not 
' be his Fault if he was not in Love wifli Parlia- 

* ments ;, and that, having Occafion latdy to fenfl 
■ unto ^e King, he found his Majefty willing to 

* call us often to meet in Parliament.' 

: * But three Thin« his Highnefs wilhed us chiefly 
to conlider : firfi, How far this Bufinefs was gone 
DB already. SaonJly, How far the Year was run 
on. Ana, thirdly. How far we have exafperattd 
thofe whom we may conceive to be our Enemies. 
.Three good Items. 

" ■ ' Therefore it was fit to ufe Expedition, and Cq 
M provide, that we might not only Ihew our Teeth, 
. and do no more ; but ifo be able to bite rthenthere 
fli^ be Caufe. Something more the Prince added, 
b fellows ; but this he told them^ they muA tak6 

Vou VI. G ^ » 


9S^ ^ffap^'i^eatta^ ^i^T^r 

A^. »ij»«««i.,^, fpQiwn from, hjrafelf:: Ami, ^f^ 
"^?:.- Frincipf JlgKupi, a inQft,herfiicSp?ech.' • 

Gentlenieii, . . ' 

TPRJTymi thini fifhii/^ '/ tUs Sp^fii-_t§f^ 

. iut irmg Difitim^ up^an.yifvfih^ : Suf, ifju^^m 

Bujinefi, youjk^l^i.ohUs^.M^ ua^.,y9fiiifVft 4^1 
wBKeysr fsrgf^t i(. hereafter ;. and, wfifM K^^fpA 

Bffimed. \ . - ■ • ' 

. Which RpjMft.thpIrfitd^xefidfn^oa^q^tbv*!' 
* ThisCoijcW)Siftu\4/otateus,,tiia^iitrcai]jJ¥ijp4 
QoA to h\e& hu^, as.weha^ ju&:C!aH^,^^h^)<19U» 

When dw. l^ris haui l^ewd t^ie I^d - P«fiA«>*'» 
Repoirt, they r«civ«d a. J4(iffagF, £(T»ft tta.Q^fel 

' That they, M cejtain Ipt£VBWlJP!J.<rf "fiWHf 
Sumsoi; Gojfifobeitraijlparted b^flndSffw, »ij(y 
as they coDj^ii|cd,-_bj( tiji /*^ij«j;,- 'Wibfeeft^ 
tbey tfio,ugi^ ^ff^ tp^aM^aiat their Ifpr^ft^fs,: ia 
jvhofe Pow£]i it,,is tq [ecfcela the, fume,, th^, t^» 
may take fu^ch.Qfi^ciJivein a^ thcij Lprdl]^iipf.,thifik 
good.' The.Loi;(ts an^Mjefed^Tb^ tbeyVp^WiW"- 
inediatelj enqw^e. 'about that Mattel ; [ wii^:. the 
Lord PrefuJsnFB.^^.Ou^eof ^uck^ltgbavl, tkfi,^^4 
MflTJhol, TCK^ tl>e £aq1 of Smilfafnfiten^ -^qi^afi? 
pointed ^ Cwnipiiiee for that Purpofe; ^ 

'Soon after camp another MefTage f^fip, th^,Q5ft7 
mons, importing, 'That the I^ni^tt, ditj^^if 
■ixii B^reeffee having t^ken inta mature De^bwa- 
tion tfec. King's Anfwcr, given unto the Advice fff ' 
both^ouf^s<H^^t7^1afl^th£ 5th of Aiareh, tiuff 
luve refolved, with ereat, Alawity and un^niisom 
Confeht, to give his Majeily A^ancc : Ao^, bj 
r^afon of the Co^efg^dence between b;^ ggiifes, 

f 'E I* ox Ai^ ft ' '^ 

Plkce; at thtrfrEofdftiips-Appomtrnfcnt.'' '**3'' 

Til atifWcT to this- the tortte named, prefetttlv", «_ 
Gortiwtittee' of (tx ffortieacK Btnch to' attend 'thw^ confe,uw 
Cortfe-ence, that A-ffifrnoort ; xnA, becaufe fomc thereupon. 
Emwgetirfes'nray Happen, wHrdh will' irftafibn the 
jWVfcCof rtie Houfei they argced tb fic at thefathe 

■ F^M^idmh. TfieConWnittctfo^Lofdsbetng - 
rethfHttJ ftfliri the CtJnffcttirtcc witH tlic Commons, 
tBtf 'An:fitiHlio[j oF Camifbuiy irtade- the Report of' 
iif*)'Hte-Wfio!c'FJbuft, tfa rWs Sff'ea : 

' * Tl^at tHe Cbrhriiittee of the Commons ac- 
qnilnilE'd ttiera^ That they rfere firfV ctmimandtd to 
return the h^aWj* Thanks of their whole Houfe to 
tHbf^ncc'forKK Highncfs's Speech tlnto tHeirCom-' 
iiiift*-, atf tfieir.'Jkft Mtetlttg-j -vfrhercin they took' 
mticft'-Jbr'and Comfofr; and to affifr^htm, that 
tffi^=wtH. Itt'ever'vcfy. twAler of His fiighnefe's 

■ *'niat they- had; doiiciifrtd', with one unanJmbu*' 
GiWinf, to'tftfe A'fljftaficeofhis Majefty, whenfo- 
c7if ie^ffrafl'bepJbafcH'todecJan: himrelf t^uch^ng 
tIte'Hwalrihg'off: thdt*o Trtatlts with S^iw/w; 

' "TBat th<fy H^i}*itt*nup a-Mbdel oFthat wKcH 
tHcy (Tfienrf ttr pttrfent? to his Majefty j attd, Usi 
good" Corrfefp6Tl il[;( h.' y » they had brought thfe faitiC 
to lie MlhWrtf dP here^ with fuch Amcndmehts, itt- 
tHtlfltrodiiffloM- only, as theft Ldrdlhips ffiould 
fnffflC tit. 

.Then the. Attorney-General read th<f Dedara- "^ 

ticffi; irtd'tHtfEorrfs gaTe their Confent totheSub- 
fttncer of it, by» general Vote of the Houfe ; but 
agrcctf to mend" the fame in the IncrodiiiStion, be^- 
c&^iltit'was in thf Naiiie of the Commons only..' 
Thfe Addition- the (fther Committee ailented to; ' 
afldj wWeh itw'as aPf'finHhifl; it was agreed to btfprei' 
ftftfed to (he King, by-a Conlmittee of both ftoufes, 
afrfiich-TIffrc as hisMijcfty Would picafe tb admit 
titentto-his-Preftrfce-. >■ ■ 

Th^'j^ffWa/rof the Cormiions arc- very defec- 

tifrtfit Acir-firftAteonnt of this Scffion-of' Parlia- 

G 2 ment, 


joo The ParliatrutUary History 

9. 3 1 JuM L nieitt, called The Originals ; but this is fu[qdiecl by ' 
' ■'■ a fubftqueni Account , much fuller than the other : 
And, M tbofe of the Lords are lb prolix in the 
Trials, i£c. now before them, we Ihall benn witht 
the Commons at this Period, to avoid Kepetitions.-- 
What we find molt remarkable in them is, that, 

March It. The Chancellor of the Exchequer 
reported fome Particulars relating to the King's.' 
prelentDebt^ occa^ned by fome late Expencea, 
and particularly the long and deceitful Treaties he . 
had entered into, *That, from the Year 1617, the 
>te ef ^ King had expended 145,000/. in Enteitaioi^^t 
"«■• **''»«'* of Ambal&dors fent hither ; Charge of the naval " 
Expedition againlV the Pirates ; on Ships for the, 
Prince's Journey ; Money taken up by the Prince . 
in Spain, iSc. That there was Scooo /. due to ttic . 
King of Dtnmari, with Intereft. Towards all 

thefe — Here is an Hiaha for . 

what had been given towards it. , And he next . 
proceeds to acquaint the Houfc what Saving, in 
f tbepublic Expences, had been made; as, * That, 

for IrelanJ, an EUablifhment was begun there, both ■ 
for Church and Conunon- Wealth ; which, pur- , 
fued, would fublifl; of itfelf: For the Navy, bdldes 
the King's Timber, it coft 50,000 /. a Year j re- 
duced thefe laA five Years to 30,000 /. and ten -. 
new Ships built, beHdes many Houfes fbr Man- 
zines : For the Forts, a CommilEon was given uis 
laft Summer to two Perlbns, who have made % . 
Certificate of the Charge j which may be feea - 
wrhen the Houfe pleafes.* 

The next that fpoke was Sir Benjamin Rudjran^ 
whp proved, in the fucceeding Reign, a great Ora- 
tor iit^c Houfe : he faid, ' That Want of Parlia- 
tnqiti W6(p the principal Means of the Growth of 
Crievances in the Common- Wealth : That tiie 
King*^ Propolitions to us now, were, how to make 
good thitt Breach which we advile him to: To . 
prepay for their own Security : To intrea( the 
I/ords to join with them In a Commit^ of a 
Council of War, to devife the fitteft Means to 6- 
/ cure /«/aiK/j our Forts, fit out our Navy, and join-, 

.'' ■ .. with 


9f ENGLANa loi 

with the Ltvi CoutOrm : Alfo to prefent the King *». *' J**>| t 
with fome Relief for himfclf, to fweeten hinii hf * ^ 
fides the Provifion for War.' 

There were many Speakers belides, m thefc Af- 
£iirs, all tending to advife the King to dilTolve the 
Treaties ; and, at laft, it was reTolved, upon the 
Queflion, * That, in purfuitof their Advice, upon 
his M^efty's Declaration to break the Treaties, 
they would be ready to affift him, in a parliamen- 
tary Manner, with their Fortunes and Abilities.' 
This was carried without one Negative Voice : 
But the Refult of all thefe Refolutions will appear 
in the Aibfequent Proceedings of the Lords. 

March 13. After Ibme public and private Bills 
were read, his Royal Highnefs acquainted the 
Houfe, That his Majefty was pleaTed the Com-' 
tnictees of both Houfes Ihould attend him the next 
Day, at ffTiitehall, at Two In the Afternoon, in 
order to deliver their Declaration. And a Preamble 
to it being thought ncceflary by the Lords, the 
lame was communicated, by Meflafe, to the Com- 
mons, and approved of by that Houft. ^ccorij- 

Jifarcf' li- The Arc^biOiop of Canttrhury (a.), 
who had been appointed to deliver thcTe Matters to 
^hp King, waited on him, at the Head of t^e 
.Committee of both Houfe;, and fppltc as follows : 

May it pUafe your Sacrtd Majefty^ 

* \T7 ^ ""^ come unto you again from your moA ~j^ jj^. . 

f iTf feJthfal Subje<S3 and loyal Servants, the of boih Houfa 

* Lords and Commons in this prefent Parliament to »friil hi) Ma- 

* aflemblcd. And, firft, we humbly let your Ma- ^l' ".P«'hi« 

, ■ n , 1 Li_ijri 1. I "ilolvmn of the 

* jefty know how much we hold outlelves bound Ticitiei «itt 

* to Almighty God, that he hath fet a King to rule Spiin. 
' and reign over us, who is pleafed, in the greateft 

' and weigbtieft Caufes, to fpeak and be fpoken 
' unto in Parliament, by his good and Ioviii_j 

* People; which maketh a King to underftaml 
' them over whom he beareth Rule, and them 

* again to underftand him. It is a true ^nd that > 

G 3 ' lieth 

t.) Gmp AUr- 

The P^Hamentary History 

. * .tieth the Heart of 3. Sovereign to a Svbji^,. and 

* xif a Subjeii, reciprocally, to their Liege X^rd 
"* 'and Sovereign. 

* Nfxt, we rejoice that your Majeftyhaslbewn 
*" yoijrfeLf fert(ib!e of tKe Infincerity of that Peof^, 

* with whom, of late, you have had a double 

* Treaty, and of the Indignities ofTered by them 

* to your blcfTed .Son, the Prince, and to yowr 

* Royal Daughter ; and that your Kingly Heart'is 

* filled with an earned Defire to make Rep»ratiqn 
' to ber nobte Confort and herfelf of the Pa/^ti- 

* note, their Patrinionaal Poffeflion ; whidi is agrer- 

* able to Juftice, and unto all the Laws hafii of 
' God and Man- 

' For the effecting whereof, to tcflWy with what 

* Alacrity, and with what Ejipeditcnefs and Uro- 

* formity of Heart, both your Houfcs of ParJia- 

* ment, in the Name of your whole Kingdooi, 

* have borne ihemfelves unto your Majefty, with 

* Offer to give you their real Afliftancc j we have 

* digefted it'into Writing, kfl, by the verbal w 
' vocal Beiivery of anyone Perfon, it may mif- 
' carry, or riie Expreffion of our Zeal be we^en- 

* ed and diminjflied ; which we humbly pray your 

* Majefty lo give nje Leave to read unto you.' 

The ParIiameQt''.s Remonstrance or Decla- 
ration to the KING. 

May itpUafiyour Maji Excellent Majefly^ 

* \T7 E your Majeftv's moft humble and loyjl 
' W Subjefls, the Lords and Commons In tbjt 

* prefent Parliament aflcuibled, having lately r^- 

* ceived and taken into our Confideration yoijr 

* gracious and prudent Anfwer, given to the una- 

* nimous and humble Advice, prefented to your 
■* Waje% in the Name of both Houfes, (That tljc 

' two Treaties, one of the Palalinote, the oth^ 
' of the Marriage, might be diilblved,) do, in ajl 
■ Humbfcnel!, rer^der to your Majefty our moft 

* dutiful Thanks, that you have been pleafed tp 
' take in fo good Part the Manner of our Pro- 

3 'cccdings 


if fi N 'O L AND. io^ 

^ cWdil^E in'ttiat Wagfiity BuW^-, as, lik'ewlfe, Ao. sijunw 

• ^racioufly to intimate your Roy at Inclination not 

• to I<q*ia that Counfel which ydlirfelfSvas ^leafed 

• m-m:; ind which, iccordingfy, hath beeh ofFer- 

• W to yotfE' M^^ in the NMie Of both the 

* Ahd H^Kttlas, ih yonr printrdy Wifdofn, ydii 

• Iftrf^e ikrtomi to is. That yotir own Treafurc, 

• ^y -tkiSdn bf 'ytiUr fcjftr&ohiihary Charge and Ex- 

• tHMA At (iiiS Tnfte, is fb itiDch eithaufteii," that 

• ydfir Mi^efty, by ytwt crtvn Mea'ns, carinot fup- 

• feat k War, iWiich, haply, may ftrflow on &i6 

• Sitfceh of thefe TrcMits i We do therefore, Inoft 

• ftuflibiy ittti ^hcftiy, brftech your Majefty^ 

• ftKt fttftht* tlrat, n* 2JM cMher Confideration. 

• Vaify hin'diir yoto- pfttfeftt Refohitidn, fbf whicK 

• fft« hftttGiff iiJoft cfiearfulartd univCrfal Aclvicc; 

• -aAd #e do, wifh (httrful arid teslotis Affi;£tions, 

• bbkro youT Riajt^, ajifl herehy ^ftanifbft a:nd de- 

• eldrt)' ThatiftPtrririit of our Advice, updn your 
« RefoJution made to diffave- the fald Treaties, 

• (the Deferring whereof may prove dangerous) 

• w« friU ttt rtadyi in a PirHamcntkiy Mangier, 

• with our Perfons and Abilities to affiuy6u.' 

Mr. Rujhworth hath given us l^eArchbiJhdp'sPrt- 
tmihUy the Parliament' s DedaraUsn, and the Kingfi 
B^er to them, at this Time [o] ; but hofc 
Mady difi^rent froiti thofe above, taken from 
Ae LWt!*s Jeu'rttals^ will appear to any who will 
gyt tfiemielvES thfe Trouble to compare botii, 
Thii itttrada£lary Spiech, indeed, is fretty exai^i 
btttt^g Dtcktfatioh in klijhworlh^h a <]uito difr 
fcitnl Thirtgi bfiiti'g die, i .ww 

BitaitotheKiHg, fotn^ I n his 

AiMi#«r to tbft Jjednratidn ; 11 funj 

fctfitSetiatl. TQieJCm^'i ft cle* 

ftffivft in talany Pfeies j v^ being 

Aitlitted, and oth^ fftari. ManJ 

ftor? MHiakes'^ of'tfc'iii Ka fid in 

G 4 that 


304 ^ PofUMttfUary HtrTOKV 

Ao. (iXMinl-tJui: Gentleman's Celle3iitii, in the Frogrdit-af 
''*3; thcfe Enquiries. 

It is to be noticed alfo^ That his Royal High' 
twls's Explanations of fome Pailages in hisFatbar^s 
Socecht w^r^ not made at the Time when tbft 
King fpoke it ; but when the Attoriiey>GeiKnl 
vras ordered to read it again to the Loids. Otber- 
wifc, as it ftands in Ru/hvarthy it looks at if tbt 
King bad placed the Prince and the D uke at his £!• 
bow, to explain his own Meaning to the Comout'' 
tees, — This has induced us to collate every Spttcbf 
Remenflrartciy &c. in his CelUffioK, with the jeiir- 
so/f.— And, to prevent the Imputation of not do* 
ing Mr. Rujbworth full Juftice in thi« Affitir, his 
Omijfans are dlAInguillied, by being pnnted between 
Cretchtti ; and where there are Veriaiiant^ aulu wo 
have given the Text as it ftands in the t>or4i /w^ 
nah, and Mr. RMftiwartb'i is added by way of Note.— 
A Caudota highly ncceflary where the Cafe, orln- 
ieg^ty, of fo celebrated a CalUHor ts called in Qjiefi 
^on.— — — But to proceed. 

To &e forgoing Rmmifiramt bis Majefty an« 
fwered as fellows : 

My Loi^ and Gentlemen all. 

The Rtwrt «f 7^A^^^o*^«S *'fi^ '" thtPrtamblt of ny Lord 
the Kiif'i Ab- . J^ CanMrbury, but that be intimated fometbing 
bm. in It which I never fpoke (p) : Fsr whereas bejaidt 

* I haveJbewedmjfelffenfihU cf tbt Infittceritjaf tbefe^ 

* vntb whom I bad lately to dtal^ and of the /adigmty 

* effertdtemyChildrtn:' In this ymmt^ give nuLeavt 
ta tell you, that f have not egfreffid tiyfelfte he either 
JenJ&U ar inJen/tbU of tbeir good or bad biaUng : 

Stuiingham hath made a Relation to you, by my 
^ Ccnnmandment, which you are to judge upon^ 

but I never yet delivered my Mind imon it. When 
yupittr Ipcua, he ufes to join his Tlmnder to it {, 
and a King fitould not Jpeak,^ except he maintain 
/'.' • ■ ' • . "it 


-. ^ E "N G L AN D. 105 

hby Afitonff.) At ftr tht Matter of thtir Dt- A».*t}mml, 
tbratiam tmta mf Danandsy tohidt you have coutbed '"!■ 
H that Pap^Tf whith I ntw htard read trnte iru, I 
m^/j, it it viitbtut E:tampUy that mtj King hath 
haafHth an Offtr. And, with y»w Favaury I need 
fear nothing in thit fftrU, hami^ fs mueb the Htgrtt 
^ ntf PeapU. Far the Jorge Qffrr ^ Affiftance^ I 
lf»U it i» be mere than JiSilliani »f Subfidiei i and, 
indeed^ it it an ample Rtvmrifer Sit Truft and Fret- 
item which I have ufed with yen. 

Bat, vtf Lards and Gentlemen^ pu mt^ pv* mt 
fMUftf m tht ether Side, la tanjider the PeffibUitj tf 
the Ailitn: Fart '* this Cafe, Jmit/l de, as a Mom 
thai maketh a Ftrtification^ vAich muft have Out- 
Warkt and Ix-fForis ; fa I muft nat deal anfy with 
my ewn PeopUy hut with my Neighkturs and Alliet, 
ta aJM me in fa great a Buftnefs at the Recavtry af 
Ae Palatinate. And in thit Cafiy it is nat Juffcieta 
U have the Hearts af my SnhjeUt, withaut the ^tlp 
tf'my Neighbaurs md Allies. On the ether Side, ttn- 
ttfs particular Meant befet dewn^ it will neither bt 
a Bridle ta eur Enemies, nar a Cemfert te my Friends 
vJk fiiaU jain with me, 'General Wards will nat 
tarry it ; thertfart I tmtft refart ta pariicnlar Meaniy 
tmd fellow tht Ceunfel af aur Saviaur Chrift in the 
Gajptl, befare I begin a War, ta fee haw lean main- 
iain it. Gad knows it it a hngfame Wari, yet I de- 
fire viitb}Aoies, at I faid befare, but ta fee the Land 
tf Premije, iheugh / live nat till it be recavered. But 
imleji particular Means be Mfcavered, it is little ta the 
PamI • Therefore, fince you give me fueh fair general 
Prarmfes, I will deal freely with yeu, I will tell jati, 
ht partiailar, the Way I will prepofe, either by way 
tf Subfidies ar atherwife ; which besng dene in Par" 
kament, it a Parliamefttary ffay, I weuld require 
you te be pleafed te be/law ufian me five Subfiles, and 
twa FifteenAs ta every Suhjidy, far the War : Axi, 
far mine own Hecejftties, my crying Debts arefe bea- 

(^1 Siifiimnrlh hu it thiu, Ii o«i Buckinglun*! Sr^litt It ym 
wtutieiuhtdiiftnilf hmt it mdt me btir it, Mr»»t( Jupiur fftA 
tbttiOitiVt^tttJfeiiiitlifirtdHml^mk airf jti Thiig, 1 
^ai^tA » wi'fi that Ktajm, awiiait it wilt list Ptwr, wtiti 

<«6 Tbf (P9rIiameva(y1Rt%Tnn.Y 

B. SI patn'L Vfif that m Jidan aft Jher thf^i vn& -H grmtir Oiil^ 
tO»f. ' ^f iitarty and Stmg »/ Ctf^ftun^ lian Ibamtdau^ ' 
vnd do : And I »*w frevtiHg M^ wa^ it gM A 
jie a Meant f»r the feOH/yii^ if Hg Deitt ^^it 1 
ftt out of lb* Wbrid ; Atii, fw this Bhdt I dbjfirv ijwk 
vmutd give me etu Stjffldy 4x4 bw F!/iei»tl^t jm4fi 
^ntii my Debts he paid. 

Herf thrPrincehisHighncfttakingNotiCe bfaft 
ObjeiHon -madej that this mig^t feerti contridi^ory 
to that which his Highnefs had told tft^ 'CommitteS 
of both Hoiries, That the King's Msjefty*ould 
aflc nething for his o*n Particular till the Wkrt 
■Were pTOTidftt for: The Prince faid. That tht Dukfc 
of Buekingham, in his Abfence, hath fflovfd (hi* 
Doubt unto the Kirtg. 

. Whereupon the Duke affirftirf, that, fteaiihg 
vnth the King about h, his Mai^y was plcafe^ Gtt 
fey, If wc wou^d add one Subfidy, and two t)f- 
(tens to make it wp fix Sabfidies and twelve !•»£- 
twBs for the War, bt was well content to <\\a.t that 
which he had afkcd for his own Necdlhies. 
' T-be King proceeded : If this may be deiu^ tr that 
/ may fie etfeur W^ay fer it, f mliftlku) yimr JU^ 
tice i for 1 Kiuld ntver henfe ofked ysttr jidviee t» 
■ rejeH ity or to put a Seom ufsn ym. For thelvi^t^ 
»f thefe Subjidies and Fifteens, I wou^ have y9u t* 
fonfider hoiiu to dear tbefe two Difficulties. ' If ytii 
levy them too fttddenfy, it may be heavy hr the PeHpk i 
if you Jiay too long, it will not ferve the 'turn: Sia 
this T leave to your Confideratian. And fmce / hank 
it to yOtirfeive) ta receive the Money, and exptiid A 
ly your own Cemmittets of both Haufes, ytu miff ht 
Vfe mere fecure. And yet J would not have ytu ta ht 
too hafly in the levying of it, that na Extremity hi 
^evaed ta my People by impoftng too heavy a Burden 
n them, which God forbid. On the athtr Side, 
— - Bufmefs will net Juffer too long lingering ^abttft it. 
f told you i'efsre, I ha^, in this great Bufineji, to look 
tb my Confcience and Honour, as well as to the Means : 
for the Means, 1 mujl have it from you ; my C«- 
faejla. and ihtttttt it mj awt^ af whith I hoot 
- thoaghl^ 



./ E N G LA NO. 107 

thought^ and.da thwik daily, and hatv I&all be able U-h^ u J*bih I 
^fcbarge them as a King ought te do. In this Toint '"'i- 
I am already refolved in a great Part ; but, if aiiy 
Scruple (hall remain with mc, I will ^quaint you 
with It, and not only fe^k hut follow your ad«icc(r). 

Here agMn the Prince faM, He Wl -^wfetn with 
tts Father, totnow of him, whether ^e were fa- 
dsfied -in Honour and Coiilcience that 4>e mipht in 
4aiii Cafe ■UBdertAe a War ; and Aat Ws Majtifty 
mufwefcd. He was alresij fttisfied and rcft^vcd 

■ ^Miein ; but, for the Manner of piMifting it, he 
wMid take your Advice. 

Tiien *e Duke of Buefingham faifl. The Rea- 
fon why his Majefty ufed thefe "Words, was, that 
having formerly fpoken erf his Honour and Con- 

'IciaDCe, if he fhoutd now .have left them otit, it 
wight have been thought that Money oHy had 
4i»vm htm to it. But the King faid he was aJrea- 
4r firt«fied and refolv«d, yet -would h«ve otv Ad- 
vice for die Manner of declaring it. 

The Kia£ again proceeded. ./ taid jib* ^fir>t 
iitgd^h was tie f^ay to make mi in Leiie-mith Par- , 
iiaimwU: AiuL, te fitew mne huliitatigmfa ettitimte 
tbemJ^U, nrf RefoUitiait is to make this a Sej^anfir 
the P(flJiitg of as numj goad Lauis, as, in eaiivmi^tit 
Tipte, may he prepared; and, at Michaelmas, tr 
ifti^^tn a few Days after, to have a new Se£ieK, and 
another at the Spring. And, in the mean 1'ime, jm 
may go down and acquaint yaurfeiues with -the Grie~ 
•nances of my People., and you Jhall fee my Care t» 
make good Laws, ^d to reform Almfes ; that fi my 
SiAjeSts may find the good Prvits if Parliamentiy and ^ 

r^K*i»tbem: And, Iprotejl, as I have afk»d your , '. , 
,^dv(eeJftthefePi)iiat,uihiib I needed tui to have ^nr, 
fo.J wiil mvtr eitUr into any Agreement or TreeUy of 
-Ctr^tfoion for Peaccy -which is the Endof IVar (elfe 
it it mffufi md unchri/Hat) n/hiout yaur Aehite : Ami 
Imti keip ym tny^lfy if vt ettiir ntis, < //^, t» 

■ ft) la Rafivartb it it, Yil lit viitbtat laking Help ef yur M- 
wa, iiitiib I viauU afiitr tavi mm'4i "nieji I iai, jucjtnt it fd' 


io8 The ParUamentdty History 

■• *J. !•■*• '• maie it aUtwablt (a the World, and benaurahkfar 

Several Days palTed after the ]aA Date, without 
any Thing being done by the Lords, or fent up by 
the Conimoiis, worth our Notice (j1, until, 

March 2a. When the Lords received a, MefE^ 
from the Lower Houfe, importing, ' That, iince 
they delired all Expedition to be made in the grat 
Bunnefs of the two Treaties, and had taken inta 
ConfiderattonhisMajefty's laA Antwer, they h«ve 
thought on a Proposition to be made to him toticb- 
ing dtofe Af^rs ;' wherefore they defire a. Confer 
rence with the Lords about it.' 

This Conference was accepted by the Lplda ; 
and, when their Committee was returned &Qm U, 
the Report wai made by the Arcbbiflic^ of Can~ 
terbury. That the Commons bad delivered to thcjtii 
their n'opofitions in Writing, and had left a Blaolc 
for their Lordlhips to be named with them, if th«y 
thought fit. Then they were read to the Houie, 
and the Queftion being put, it was ^reed, by all, 
only one X^rd diiTenting, to fill up the Blank. 
But afterwards, theJ^orda taking Exception againft 
one Claulc about Religion, mentioned in the imi, 
PropoCtion, the Commons agreed to leave it out; . 
but not without a DiviTion of their Houfe. The 
Propofal itoai the two Houfes therefore, as it was. 
delivered to the Kii^ by the Archbifliop of C«|k 
terbury, was in thefe Words : 

MbJ} Gracious Savfretgn, 
theP^iMWBfi . .*« E your Maiefty's moft humbje and ioyal 
{S^j;^*-* W SubjeSs, the lords and Commons in thit 
tiB|aS«Frlj- ' prefent Parliament afTembled, do firft render ta> 

* your moft Sacred Majelly our nioft dulifii] 

* Thanks, for that, to our unfpeakable Coinfert, 
' you have vouchlafed to exprefs yourfclf fo wtiH 

* fatisiied withour late Declaration made untoyouT 

* Xiajefty, of our general Refolution, in Purfuit 

* of 

the Canunau Jtm^ub «■ 

o/ E N G L A N D. 109 

^ ^ our huDpble Adviee^-Co affiA your fJiaft&v inAt> m |*wil>. 
» Parliamoitaiy Way with our raSooa and AIh- ***!' > 

'And whereas yourMajefty (in rour great WiT-' 
dom and Judgment, forcimng toat it will nuke 
a deeper ImprelBon, both in the Enenuct of that' 
Cauie, and in yoar Friends and AUiet^ if they 
iballnot only hear of the chearfiil Offers, but 
alio fee the real Peribimaftce <^ your Subje&i 
towards ^ great a W(}(k] was gracioully pleafod' 
to ddcend to a particular Pr(q>orition, for the 
advancing of this great Bufuiels : We therefore,' 
in all HumbleneTs, molt reaify and willing to' 
give your Majefty, and the whole World, an 
ample Teitimony of our fincere and duti^ In- 
tentions herein^ upcm mature Advice and Deli- ' 
bcration, as well of the Weight and Importance' 
of diis great Afi^ir, as of the prefent itftate of* 
this your Kingdoni (the Weal and Safety where- > 
of is, in our Judgments, apparently threatened, > 
if your Majefty'e Refolution, 6ar the diflblving 
of the Treaties now in ijueftion, be loager de- - 
ferred ; and that Provifion for iWeBce ^ your- 
Reafan, and Aid of your Friends and AUies, be - 
not feafonably made} have, with achearfiil Con- 
lent of all the Commons, no one diflenting, and 
with -a full and chearfiil Confent of the Lords, 
refolved, That (uppn your Majefty's public De- 
cbration for the DilTolution and utter Difcbarge 
of both ,the faid Treaties, of the Marriai* and 
of the Palatinattf in PurTuit of our Advicp there- 
in } and towards, the Support of that War whicb 
is likely to enfue; and nu»e particularly forthofe 
lour Points propo&d by your M^efly, namely, , 
for the Defence of this your Realni, the ftcvu*- . 

ing of Irdandy the . Affiance of your Neigh- 
bours, the States of the United Prfuinas, and . 
.other your Majcily's Frici^ and Allies, and. for 
the fetting forth of your Royal Navy) we will 
grant for the prefent the greateft-Aid which was 
evcrgiven in Parliament, [to it UvUd in fajhart 
a TV/mr,] that is to fay» Three entire Subildies, 


Jin. gr)»iM>»>"«' irtd'tJBW) K ft«U t «ftg >.ft) - bfl all ^u« W^AfH ''M 
**'' ■ »- C<MAf«f**f' one '*hole' Year aftdr, youi* iHSjcftj' 

* Ihall be plcafed to make the (mA Declaratioif ; tktf 

" li^'tHe Dite^oif «# flwh' C«inmiitees of G(Mi- 
** mllS«iWff^ Us btMaftn ftaU>be a^eed'upeH a^ 
'^ tMb praftiVt'iSeffiAnro? Parlbmcnf, " ' ,' 

*^ tf {£r^cfti0\'Va aeewf* «f rfitfe Fitfl-FlrultB of 
•* o»p hteity' 06l3ti<Mi,> (tijdicated- ta' *Hat' WijA,* 
••ftcfciiture flrt«>dy dWWe riiay prd^ fi«(fW 
'•H^anced^ an^ fof (iK'ftit«F«', to reft" cenfi- 
•'dcirt^aflukwf, Tfial fj^>sir p^ fe eHgitgtifitf 
"a ieinl-0h-} wey your loyaland ]*Win^Siib5«ah,' 
f-wiliirtWrfttfj inal^rtiJttwentary Waj*, tO'dBfl' 
*yofar Rfejtifty iW to' Rby*t a'Dtifigii'i whweln" 
•yobr own Ifcrttrarj artff--the HMiour of your" 
*'inri^il€lbftSonjithePrthc*; the ancient RtHot*^ 
*-of *is'N*tioii'r(he tV%lfirt, an* very StiMift- 

* enee-orybtir noWt and only tfeugftttr*, and Her' 
'-GonfOFf, and tfeeir Pofterity; the Safety of janf 
< own Kin^dMndnd'Peopte'} and the P»dfp«ri^ of* 
*'y«Nr NnghHettb add' Altkfl) afV fo i^^' en-' 

* g^y' ■■,.'■,. ■ ■ ■ ■ 

Th u MorfcT Jtfaivfi'ij: Oftg ThtHtiit- MfT&f,- Hating pre-' 

Mri^bm pn- femtd'aPfctiiten'te-KRe'Hbirfeofllordsi M^y rt-' 

ttflicJfot letlw- flefting' on tfte llotd Kctper, for fcftne iiidit*a* 

^ OB th< L*d i»fa^^. agsftifr Wm' kl' the Star-Cfutnter ; ^rH^ 

^' ^tttvixeS:, iwktflng'a«*'dyperHng nfadyCo^s' ft-' 

broadt The^fiidi^^f^igi'WSscall^liefcrfftheBoure' 

te-anfteertMe-ffittie'-, and^ after a ftiH Hearing' o^ 

Ms- >3tegati<m»j bdfftving Kltnfdf very imprnf^nfly' 

u tttt^BiB-^tK was-, by esnnii Cottftnt, femencvd^ 

h *'Tftattttw-feidf*tM« -^enVyflian, fijr Ks' 
gttiM 0fie«ee^ bt im^lfoned in the FUet' AiB\og' 
tHe-Pleaf»rfr«F"thc- H6ufd' 

IV * TSat he ftriltifldwgoi totbeKingj a^te 

IH. '-ThatheffiaHftind, mthhisNeekiifthe 
Pilfoiy,'. in' d*»(T^, witW one of the fad INsitioili 
uvoifhlrHead^ at Sev«R iQ Uifr-Forene(»>.* 

IV. * That 


4tfl ip Cbtnmii^, iiaiftitk»Iioid:GMf«ii, thaitift 
&m-ofi nvttiTons.' 
One David tfattrhattfi, who had peBiiBd'ihafitJ 

foftipoJr dunngi HfafiicKy fifo- "^^ Btinter, woi 
ibmHTe'inialflifdi buttin-anflttet Hbgtaku 

Ate*A<24< Tin: Hosjb of Laids.wutupOD X 
AMJm JuftifimitiM of tbs I>iike o£ Bmiuibtrnti 
iffiioB: ite Komflmat otiiu>Spaufik Ambafiaitor t« 
tilR'KSng. And) ihoo having, faces a. Hetnorial 
prefented to hh Majefty, by both BaA» of Rw- 
]m9thbt cbnanBiingil; vxonlng tQ-2n.OtdBC'Of the 

Itopnntafjiltwafcilu^to.theHbtifethis pay, bf 
tllrili«rd'Saq>cr,'vntbthDEang'<&Aiif\wr.t* it^ M 

'"TUrOWA Mig9*7's:m«fc loyili Subjeflm the BaAHo«fti«e. 
V:J|t Ltir4>Spiti*w4uii'I3enipfnl,thcKt^^s, ibittotbc Kk^ 
^■Ci^Se^ aiMl:Bwge&«-Kl&iRblni4 atehia Ti«^, » """o^-i » 
«-.ifc bptfeHoufooTPtrfaBMnt, being iB£aaxKd{^^t^f 
f-^iAC^npUial-Miikl tdi VMU' Mofl fixceUent Buckintbi^ 

* Aft^lOyft'jQaii^tbc Iavii!l>Bt£ of B^cHngfrnm, 
V^ta* imhe^li^brB*. Wlich^ by ynur MajeC' 

* ty's CcHDinaxu!, be. loads to- bota Siufes, tb« 

* 24th of February lafl pafl, he fliould let faU fome 
^-i^Sig^x picvoiia .tattd'Honour of the King of 

* Spaiih '•"^ inferred to be of fo high a Natare^ u, 
Vif;tb*Xk». fcadboW' Svfajedof that 
f'K)^ *gfa1ii}ftmK^ Mj^eStvyit Trouldinot hud 
*'btcni«l^ctvniee3qitalBd«.tfiaavith the- Lo& (4 
•■luitfisadithRtipalKjik: Talcing duimoithdr fen 
*-'ridUi Coo&lemtktti andcowxiwii^that.thi^ Ac- 

* cu&ltan^thyinanoUi^eiLiDe,-iae&anan.AlperM 
^'ficnfwoii thenUillvea alfo« do, in allj SubmifGoa 
*''aoil:HtiaiiNlit^ makB<tn yoar Majefty a thtedbH 
*-B«|ffrf<nltitiqa; ' Fie^ Caaccmiog that great 
^lSm§t Siiatu%i CouBeinii^ that emiiwnt Locd. 
\STnrdljt CoDcerning tbeoUelvUi ■, 

,L.(Ki'^le "~ 

9%e Parliaahaaj tti s t o » v 

*■ unaniinous V«te <a both. Hmifes, abTohiteiy afrc 

* quit and clcn the Lord Dafcc irom ktthig fidl^ 

* any Words, at all, derogatory to the Honour oi 

* that King. 

* For mefatfndy that concenia my Lonl, they 

* do, in the like Hiunilite,. atceft imto your moft ' 
' Sacred Mqefty, That if my Lord the Dukehad^ 

* omitted any MaKcr r^mited iuit*Tthem diat 
' Day, he had for fo much failed in the Petfctm- 

* 'ance of diat Duty and Fideli^ which he oweth' 
' unto your Mi^efty, to the BuJinels, and unttf 

' * both Houfes. 

* For the hft, which concemeth tiicmrelves, 

* diey make bold, in like Humility, to re^>refcnt. 

* unto your Majefty, That they do much honour - 

* my Ixird the Diike for &at Narration, and do 

* render unto him all poffible Thanks for the Fj-. 

* delityand Induftry exprelled therein; and. iOj 

* without your further Trouble, do humbly beleech 
' your Moft Excellent Majefty to interpret hit of 

* Ais the^r Reprefiuitation, which they held them- 
- < ielves bciund to oficr unto your Majefty, for ^ 

*■ clearing of To eminent a Porfon ; -who, as the/ 

* verily believe, hath, in tfait Ncgotiuion, wdl'de-' 

* fervcd of your Majdly and the Common-Wealth: 
< So tbnr heartily pray unto God long to fttSartt 

* your Moft Excellent Majefty.* 

This ended, the Lord Keeper proceeded thus in 
bis Report '; - 

* Now, my Lords, concerning his Majefty'^ 
Speech ; it is not to be expiefled orTcpMted, ht^ 
icftufe it is a Speech of AScdien as well ai of Nttr- 
ration, not poffible to be uttered, but in the £untf- 
Words it was delivered : Therefore, unlels a Mart 
had Myron's Art, ^i Jnimu Heninum Jtpiaxi0 
Seitur, who could paint to the Lifo the Souts^ and 
Afiiedions of Men, he cannot do this as it Ihould 
be done J for, as Liv]r laid of Cinm, MkmdtH^M 
Gteronem, aittn dctrmt opus j^, there had ntd 


-«/■ E N G LAN D; 113 

^ be inodter Cicero to undertake the commending *■■*' J»>nM!(., 
of Cicero ; fo, fureJy, he ou^ht to have as large a *"?' . 
Heart as our gracious K^ing, that will report his 
powerful and gracious Expreflions.' 

' I will therefore crave Pardon of the Houfe for 
delivering it in Writing, very near the Words anj . ^ 
Syllables in which it was pronounced ; and, firi^, 
to be read once or twice, if your Lcrdfliips pleafc, 
to the Houfe, and then to be entered in the 'Jour- 
uttl Baoi, as a Record of no fmall Comfort and 
Confeqiience to the Puljlic : For I may, without 
Flattery, which, for ought 1 know, 1 have been 
ever free frpni, declare, That fuch Servants ;is thcfc, 
fuat Injirumenla boni Sarcult, are Tools End Inftru- 
ments to. carve out a brave and happy World to 
eufuing Poftcrity, as Symmachus writes in one of 

This £ti(t, the Lord Keeper read his Majclly's 
Speech, out of a Paper, in hat Verba : 

My Lords and Gentlemen all, 

/M IG HT haw Rtafon to fpeai nothing in regari^",^'^'* 
Bf the Perfin'^b,reef you fpiak, but, in re^arJ^'*^'^"'^ 
af ytur AfetitHf ti were net civil; fsr^ if Ibe Jiient^ 
I fiiall wrsng Tfiithermyfelf, nor that Nobumtm vjbich . 
jtH novi fpeak </", becaufe he is well knoivn ta be fuch 
m one m Need of a Prolocutor y or lide- 
Jullor, to undirtake far his FiJvlity, or tuell carrying 
of hii Bitfinefs : And, indeed, to fend a Man upon \ 
jo great an Errand, lubortt I luas not refohed ta tru/l . 
far the Carriage thereof, loere. a Patdt in my . Dif- 
cretion fcarce compatible to tin Live and Tru/i I bear . 
him. It is an old and true Saying, That he is a . 
happy M^ that ferves a go()d Maftcr; end il/ 
' left 'truth. That [le is a happy Mafti;r that enjoys 
a faithful S^nrant. , ■ . 

The greateji Pault, if it' be' a 'Fault, or at.leaj}- . 
wife the greateji Error, I hope he fhall ever commit 
a^aiafl mt, was his iefiring this Jufllfiration from 
ytUi as if he Jhogid have need of any Jujfijicatian , 
fram others towards tne ; and that for tbefe Reafns : 
Vol. VX._ ; H \ ^Firft, 


IJ4.' ^^e Parli^mntah HYsToftY 

K iljiopejl." Tiim, Bec^fi he, heing rny Dijiiple and Sth*lari> 
'**3' may be ajfured I -ujin tr^ft hh own Relatian. ■ 

Secondly, Becaufe he made the fame Rslathn unta 
WW, which he did afterviards unta bath Haufis ; _/» 
as I ■ivas formerly acquainttd both with the Matter 
and Manner thereof -y and if t fl>ould net trufl him 
in the Carriage^ Itvat ahogelher umvsrthy <^ fuch a 
Servant. He hath no Intereji of Ms own in the Bt-. 
finifs : He had ill Thoughts at home far his going 
thither with my Sen, although it ivai my Command^ 
as' / told you before : And note he hath as little Tltanii ' 
fer hif Relation en the other Part ; yet he that fer- 
veth Ged and a good Majler cannit tmjianj fet' all 

I have noted in his Negotiation thefe three remark* 
eible Things, Faith, Diligence^ and Diferetion ) tffbere-' 
ef my Son hath borne Record unto me ; fet I eeomat ■ 
deny, but, as he thought to do good Sen/ice to his Ala^ 
fier, he hath pven.ill Example to Aitttaffidars in 
Time to come, hecaufe he went this long yaamey sifen 
his awn Charges. This would preVe an ill Example^ 
if many of my Jmhaffadars Jholild teie it fir a Pre'^ 
tedent. He ran his Head into the Teke wifh-ihe Peopl/ 
here fir Undertaiing the Joumej^ /mi when he therf 
JP.ent about forty or fifty theufand Pounds, never §f- 
fered his JecounI, nor made any tietnani far the 
' fame, erevir will. I hope other Ambe^ders Uiill df 
ft no merf. I am a good Mafler then never deuhted 
tf him ; /Jr / htnu him to he fa geod a Scholar ef 
mine, thai J fay, without Vanity, it will net exceed 
his M^er's Diifatts i and I trtjft the Report not' the 
Vjof-fe be made, beeat/fe it is approved by yon all; yet 
I believe an honejl Man as much as all the fVtrU, and 
the rather, hecaufe he was a Difciple ef mine. 1 Urn 
glad he hasfo well fatisfied ytu, and thank yM very 
heartily fer laiing it in fo geod Patty ^- 1 find you 
have dent. 

. When this Anfwcr of the Kihg^s vMs 'l^fb ftad: 
to the HoufR, and was ordered to be eitt«red ih- tbe 
Jeurnah, the Duke of SucHnghant flood- up, sftd" 
gave unto the Lords his moft hearty ,11i&[iIe8 ibr 

S P^* 


• "^-fi-.ttGL AMU. ■ (tj 

ftB^WM >^otolltiey hail. done him; and profef- Aa. i, ji.p«i.' 
fcdf tfa ftrelt tofd^ips, V THat -jAcy. &ac(. abrJlutcW- "^*J- 
br^ae^ him fo£ the Time' ti> t^hiei 'to ttinploy m 
Hk raWe^ ah^FiVoar, wiRich Ke haditi his Majef- 
>yS'SmicWTor fli« ^iitlicGood 6f the Kiiigdom, 
antlfoi'tftgSei^'ite'dF ^efy one of th?ir Lordfllips, The bula itf 
iA'tfitttciifai-; tthdiOjouia haye.btrarioh tii Kiak^ ij"^',^^'*^^",'^^ 
ifi of hfei; ' CoAc'ii'ninI ills Journey to Spam, l««ii fot Owit 
fl (flfthofCiiSrhim't&ftiXich as liis Maje!^ was pleaC- J"*i&.tiBa <tt 
6d « hrfn\(( ; yet, whatrgever It war, he might *^* 
Very well expeitd .it. iA his Majefty li Service, beiiig 
feut tte'ft'Wii'ct rif Ms, feoijhty ah'd Gobdhels to- 
ward* hl^. Afrdj,' If 'his Majeily fhoiiJa extend 
fiis Libertstty roany 6'at of his Atnbaflkdoirs^ in lb 
Jaf|i a, pKSpoftibfiV they w-Ould be veiy' unthahic- 
M, if ^if did not do is inuch for him as he had 

aarici*' „ 

: TAtfDtft* ftlift^t deciaredi ' "tliat it Was hi's 

Jlajeifty's Intent io fend a prefcht j)ifpatch into 

Spm/ty ift order to brtakoffthe two Treaties of thi 

M^ci ^ittli IPd/iiliTfatrt as was retjulred bj' Pari 

G^ehf, ■<tfil\i tile Reafohs moving ^tn ^'eireto.' 

. Th'^Lofiisftofiioner heard this lafter Partof ths 

Duke's S[>ee(:ht than 'tt<cy fent a MdlTage to the 

Commons to delire an immediate Cotifti^t^c With 

khem-, in order to C ompiiitiic ate , this pleating -News 

to thaC Houfe. And jiiyful News it 'V3& tb all 

ih^nJ. ait Well as (6 the i>ariiameht; The City P»tik R 

bf Zen&rf, '^jkverih tells uS, teftificd tlidr Ap^ "p '^~ 

,ing of Bells^ and j. 

Stitj as it Is torn* 

6 eiult tob much, 

in this, they eit- 

by tfie following 

le Kiiig had pub- 

th with Spain the 

S-ejoicfrigs. And^ 

KgBam fignified to 

making, fiontires^' 

Declafation, fom« 

mbanador looking 

Wli itt thcin, were very uncivilly ufed*' Thorefora 

Ha his 


ii6. Ih Pto-UanuHtaij HiSTQJtY 

An. It Janet I. his Grace moved their Lordlbips to take &at tnt% 
'•"J* their Confiderarion, and redrcfs the Wrong done 
to a foreign Ambafladoj*. 

TheHoufe approved we}I of the Dulse's Motion, 

and agree^, That if th^y cpujd, by ftriQ Enquiry^ 

. ,, which they intended to iiialte, find out the Dffend- ' 

crs therein, they would caufe them to be puiiifll'- 

*.■ ed, according to the King's late Proclamation, f^- 

._ ' bidding any ABufes to be ofFered to Amba0adors. 

And they further agreed to figni'fy (his to the Cpm- 

mons at the next Conference, 

Match 25. The Feitiyal of Ea/ier now draw- 
ing nigh, the Lords agreed to a itecefs of Parlia- 
ment t\\{ thurfday, April i, in that Week. In the 
mean Time they appointed a Committee of theit 
HoMfe^ fo allift the King's Secretaries, in that V^ 
cancy,'iri drawing up aManifefto of ^s great Af- 
fair i of which tliy alfo agreed to, inform Ac Com- 
mons. ' , ' 
The lame Day, a C^mittee of Lords being lie- 
turned from a Conference with the Commons, the 
Lord Prefident ^ead the King's Declaration, whicli 
he riiade two Days before to a Committee of.botk 
the Houfcs i which was in thefe Words : 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

The K{m-< Oi-^H^ kft. ^"'^ I {pake ta ytu anent this grtcf 

eUwiionftttAM ■* Bujiaefif I told y'eu^ whaty in my Opinion, tvaf 

•'"^"'•■^ titujjarily required fir (he beginning ef tt, the Rta- 

- ,,,.'. '■ fins whereof you have truly fit dowfi out efmy'lefi 

Speech-, wherein 1 Jhewed yeu what Good it luou^ 

da, and what Harm -it might free us front^ to ex- 

prefs particular Aids at this time as well as general 

Promifis. It ii true, I muR ionfefs, that h«w fir 

you declare yoiirfelves, is fiffcieniftir ifie' prefent £n-. 

teranci into the Bufinefs, though a great deal fiort of 

what I told you it would require. B,ut,dsGoditarsmt 

Record, and, I think^. the Hearts of all my living 

Suhjeeis will tejlify for'nie, 'ineaer did fid for JiAr 

ney, but enly dejtred yeii -fo itedr yourfelvet fy Parti' 

tulars, that I may fie' how 'I may be able tagt tbro'fi 

■■■■■'.. , , .^?? 


^ENGLAND. 117 

great a Matter, at Uofi to make a goad Bmitmng of f^n. n jmki L. 
tht War ; for vjhat the End will be^ God Jnmii. »S»j. 

So, »n tbt ather Part^ I gave yauThanis far jeur 
general Offtr^ hy which yau did engage yaitrfelves, in 
yeur Lives ami Eftates, which is more ihanfarty Sub- 
fidies, if you had named them^ and mare warth than 
a Kingdam ; far the Strength af a King, next under 
the Prateeiian af God, Jlandi in the Hearts af his 
Peaple. And ImUft needs fay, in this Particular, it 
is witbaut Example, that evur any Parliament, far a 
Beginning, gave ta a King fi great a Supply to h: 
levied in fa Jbart' a Time, This may well ftrve far 
a Preparatian : And, for my Partyfirjl, con/idering 
your general Offer, (which is ten Times mere to me 
than all Subfidles) and, next, confidering that thefg 
Particulars, coming from you, be as much as at once 
yau are able to pay in fo Jhort, a Time, being within a , 
Tear, and as much as may be well exptiled : There- 
fire, ii/ith as much Lave, and as great Thanks, as a 
laving and kind King can give to fi loving and du- 
iifttl Peaple, I thank you far your Offer, and da ac- , 
tep it. 

I told yau heferty that I wauld never have craved 
your Advice to rejeit it, andfo put a Scorn upon you: 
Think me not that Man. 

It is true, I think no wife King can undertake f» 
great a Bargain, but he mujl well bethink himfelf he- 
fere-hand: And I account it better that a King ad- 
vife well before he take a Refotuiion, than advtfe rajb- 
h, and after repent. Therefore, my Lards and Gen- 
tlemen,f declare unta you. That as I am willing to 
fallow your Advice in the annulling and Breach of the 
two Treaties, both af the Match and of the falati- ' 

tax.t\ fo, en the other Part, I affure myfelf, you will 
wake goad what yau hirue faid. That what you adrixfe 
me unto, you will afjyt me in, ' with your Wifdam, and 
Council, and Farces, if need require. 

I pray you have a charitable Opinion af me, as 
you are to have ^>f a King who hath ft long ruled anct 
gtvemed over you ; and I may vaunt myfelf thus far ■ 
to have dtne it with Juftice and Peace : But, as I 
-tald yau befare^ all my Forbear anct hath hetn for 
H 3 fparing 

Ii8 The Parfiame^af^ "^if-m^f 

Jfl. xjjimat-Aaring ihe Effufun tfChrifitim ^kid* 1W<', *? *fc 
■ '*»?■ ^ M_/5 imdfrohabU Way for reeovfTm the paJa, 
tjnate ftr my Children. ft fs tTHfxJ W'SM^'* fi' 
long delayed and payed ■uiitH Gtner^h^ thtj^-.f Of/re naf 
knger iruft xpto ttietpj ^hjch qi^e ^nc enjoiij ■ 
Bueiingham to make (/} 4 partict^tr ^eloi^n tint9 
you of all that Buji^ejs, ((ind i qptfur^ pifk «B Ad 
eatint ■aiamuver befaregiyen jn Parlotffieiit) thif iheri-c 
^ you may know what to tfufi to. I cenld) fu thi/ 
yafiy have rephtd myjilf; It^ift^ I thufht it foitJd na( 
6ut be both a Strength aifd JtoMifr ta^ fo, hfpif t^t 
^dvlce of my PeopU. 

My Lards, in the late Parliapttat-, I tktK dtflare^ 
it unto you, Thafl was refohed, vflihmt Refpe3 of 
Friendjhip, or Jlfatch, or^liatfoeveTf tohgvetheP^^ 
iatinate one Way or other. / hope you remfmifr (t. 

God is my Judge and Saviour I nevp" tl4 ifl^ ether- 
End, and it is' Pity IJ^ojild Hve to ^mve <ifa ^er 
End ; and, for my Party except^ by fuck Mifffi «( 
God mtiy put into my Hands, I may reetvtr the Px- 
fatinat^, / could tvijh never it haVf been itnu I am 
eld, hut mine only Son is young, and I will prompt 
fir myf elf end him bothy that no MeOHjhaU be H,mJe^ 
for the Kecavery of it. ^"^ this I darefiy, as old at, 
f atx, if if might do good to tie Bn/jt^y / ojfuid ga 
in my own Perfon^ an4 think pty %Aht,ur ^ad Treivet 
well he/lowed, tho' I ^oul4 end wy liayj thfre :■ Far 
if Ifiould fpare any Means p^\hl( fir the Rutytry 
tfit, then Ut me be thought nofv/orihyp reiga over 
you i andy in good Faith, / nfver r^ol^d tf livt wilit 
ether Mind. And, IwHl f^ ^fre^tbtr^ Vfotneven^ 
arij Enemy if my Ssn-in-taw, .v^ith whom I talt'4 ■ 
of that Btf^efs^' or any that tW / /p^ ^t^ *f 
\he fame, which 'did noi fay, dn4 cpnfejfy / h^d Rea^ 
fin to. have the Palatinate, one Way. or ttbtr; vferf 
phen they fay that it is good RMfin^ at^ i/}eimfehn\ 
allowed it, it is a good Spur to ipe t^ thin^ ""it. 

My Lords apd Gentlemen^ thuf f^r ^w* f^V-- 
fehes^ J will ^0 chearfiflly ^ut it, . (4 frtpare a0 . 
■ „ thi^gt 

(t) -In Rif/twwi thui : TnS mmk. ttatirbutK^twi err, TN 


/ENGLAND.- 119 

ft«yf ffffUt fvr it; and as ysubavtpnai wu tbi tm. siJumiI. 
HMOiUf fi wiiil tmplay them touiard it. ,*^}* 

la lie ntxt Dtgrtty I hipe jm vnli tMtti. if me ; 
hn that I ieavt to yaur eton Cmmfel and Canfidera* 
Urn : Bia, Iprstefi to G»d, a Penny af thit Maiuy 
fiiaU net be beflovied biii aptn t&is fferi, and by ytur 
nm Caoumtten: Atuiy I affitre tayfelf, you wiU 
t^nA xrf me for a douhlt Reafin, my Citftsms art 
Skely tefaUt \y Ocaijmaf the fVat^j attdmy Chargn 
htereafi j but, uitdertaUng the War^ I mufi go tbr** 
with it w Way »r tther, though Ifili my jfewels "^ 

In the neiet SeJJign you will con/idtr how thit hath 
hem hu/bandedy andj according to that, thni vihat 
it next 40 be done ; and, it wiUfptir yen the mtrt l» 
tnablt me for the reft, vjhereef I ffeak to yak bt- 
fuv. J will clear you in feme Thingt (fir I will 
wH deal with you in any thing but fairly and dearly 
or a Kimg :) 'Though I have broken the Neeii of ihrf* 
ParHamMtlty me ^ttr another^ I h$pe that, in thit 
Parliament, you pall be fi refilved of the Sincerity 
if ay Heart, and of your Duties and Affe&ions^ 
that tbisfiiall be a h^fy Parliament, and mate m$ 
greater and hi^ier than any Sing if England evtP 


Inmy lafl Speech / frimfid you. That I acttfied 
ymer G^eTy I would fiUew your Adoice, and u/ould 
mat e^ttr hearken to any Treaty of Peace, without 
Prft acpiaittting yaw, and requiring your Advice j 
#n^ / tiiewife promifid nothing finidd be fpent of year 
iibmet bat by ytur own Cimmttets ; But I dejire you 
U underftand, that I mufl have a faithful fecret 
Gtumil of War, that mufl not be ordered by a MuU 
*'"**♦ {f*""!' "V ^"fiV" f"^ *' difcovered before- 
hand) and mo Penny of this Money Jhall not he be- 
Jiomed hut in Sight of your own CommHeos, Sul 
VAere / Jhall find twenty th^ufand Pounds, of teM 
tboujand Pounds, whether by Sea or Land, Eajl of 
Woftt by Diverfion, or olherwifi, by Invajion upon lit 
Bavatiui ir Brnperert you mufl leave that to your 




I20 TTx Parhamentary History 

Akii JiuM I. . A^rt fturjihtt wy Jitiay bitberta wai upon Hepi 
W*!* l3 have gotten it without a War. 1 htld it hy a Hairy, 
hoping to have gotten it bj a Treaty j hut, finte I fit 
m Certaintf that Waj, I hope that God, who mh 
put it into yaw Htart$ thus to advife me, and into m^ 
Htart to follrw your Advice, will fa blefs it, that I 
fiiall cliar my Rtputation from Obloquy ; and, in def- 
pight if the Devil and all his Injirumtnts^ fhew that 
I never had hut an hetteft Heart : And I defire that 
God would biffs mtr Labours for the happy RtJlitutiSH 
ef rr/ Children \ and whofoever did the tVrangt Idt' 
Jerved better eit their Hands. 

• . Which Declaration being ended, the Houfe wai 
adjourned, according to Order, fo thciiift'Day of 

On that Day the Lords read feveral pi^Uc 
and private Bilb ; after which the 0uke of Suei- 
iagiam informed the Houfe, ' That be bad htca 
to t^e a View of the Navy, aa:ording to bis Place 
AnoDtit of the °f ^^'g*' Admiral. He told them likcwifc. That 
preptnc^oni on he had Certain Information from abroad, that the 
■.tbtH«tofSpan. j^j^g of j^,'„ had then in Readinefs a fer greater 
and ftronger Navy than that in 1588: That, at 
Dunkiri, he had already built 100 flat Bottoms : 
Tliat they had taken' many of our Men upon our 
ovn Shores, and out of our own Harbours : There- 
fore he moved, * That fmce the two Houfcs had 
agreed to give a Supply to the Affiftance of this 
great Bufmcfs in Hand, tho' the Grant thereof be 
not yet paffed into an Af^, that the fame m?y be fo 
bandied as to be ufeful ; which wil) not be, if the 
Time be now negle^ed, or this Month and. the 
aom overflipped : Wherefore the Duke funbcr 
moved, That a Meeting might be in(lantly prayed 
with tji? Commons to propofe to them, that ceN 
t^n tnonied Men might be dealt with, to dj(burfe 
fuch a Sum as was requifita for the preient Ufe, the 
Repayment of v/hich to be fecured by Parliament, ■ 
out of the Subfidjes intended in the Grant, accord- 
ing to what had been heretofore done in thp IJke 
Cafes, Concluding, T^at he doubted not but (bme 


■tf EN G L AN D. iji . 

Vwffitd be found to difturfe the fsune upon that S& An, * t Juw 1^ 
curity.' '**i* 

A Meflagc was immediately difpatched to the 
Commnns to inform them, That the Lords had a 
Biifinels of Importance to communicate to (hemt ^J,* V"^' ^^ 
and therefore defired a fpeedy Conference. Their regarjtrS^eSun. 
Anfwer was, That they would attend their Lord- p'y- 
fhips Pleafure. 

The Dulce of Buck'iHgham ac<{uainted the Lords, 
* That the Spamjh AmbafTador,- being lately at 
Court, his Majefty bad declared to h'tn the Dija~ 
lutien of the ttiK TrtatitSf and that he had fenc a 
Difpatch into Spain concerning the fame.' Tt^ 
Lords agreed. That thefe Matters be figni£cd to 
the Commons at the intended Meetiiig. 

The fame Day, the Committee of Lords being 
returned from the Conference, the floufe received 
a.Meflage from the Commons, importing, ' That 
they had taken the Propolition made to them, at the 
laft Meeting, into ferious Confideradon j but, be- 
caufc many of their Members were not yet conui 
to Town, and the Matter is of fuch Importance, 
they have deferred, for a Time, to come to a Re- 
folution ; but, as foon as poflibly they could, they 
would attend their Lordihips with (heir Anfwer.' ■ 

April 2, This Hay the Archbilhop of Canterbi^ 
[cported to the Houfe, That, in a Committee ap- 
pointed [o examine the Stores and Aminunidons oi. ■ 
War* fome Speeches had pafl, the Day before, 
which concerned the Honour of a Lord af thaf TlwLorf Tta- 
Beufi i and that the faid Lord delired Examinations, JfXfei''" 
might be taken, upon Oath, for the cJcaiing thereof. 
Whereupon the Houfe ordered, That a Sub-Com- 
mittenftiould be conftituted to take fuch Exami- 
nations, and the Witnefles to be iworn in Court. 
The Lords alfo ordered. That the following Of- 
fcers of the Crown {hould be fent for, to' be exa.' 
mined on Qath, relating to this Affair, viz. Sir ■ ■ " 
Udward IVardQur, Clerk of the Pells, Sir Robert 
f-fty Sir Raheri Maunfen^ Sir Tbtmas DaUifan^ 
^.Ridjord A^rrifittf Sir '^hn KeytSf Sir Arthw 
..." ' . " /"- 


Ill ^tbe PapUameMary H i s t o it r 

*. **Jw»t Jngrmi, SMThmms Coti, Sir Tfcirtw 3Amj, Cleit 
***J- , of the Ordnance, airfSir John Male. 

jtpril 1. After reading fome Bills, the Lorda re- 
ceived ft Mefl*^ from the ConHnoiw to this Efiefl ; 

* That they ddfired a Conference with their Lord- 
Ihips about a Petition they had drawn Bp to be pre- 
fi»ited to his M»efty, touching Pefii^ Kecufantt, 
to which they defired the Concurrence of that 
Houfe.' Hereupon a Committee was ai^ieinted^ 
uid, bdng returned, the Petition was r^ to the 
whole Houfe ; but their Lordfliips took Tioie ta 
eonfider of it, before they would come to any Re- 
folution about it. 

Ths next Day this Bufincb wu refumed ; uid, 
to the end the Zx>rds might mors freely debitt the 
Matter, the Houfe was a^oumed ad Ltbihim, the 
Lofd Keeper r«noving to hii due Place, on rite 
Earls Beach : And die Preface to die Petition be- 
ing again read, the Lords debated. Whether a fltort 
Induoion was not fitt«r to be ufed, that the Rea- 
fbns for the Petition might be a Part by itfelf, and 
not delivered at all, unlefa his Majefty demanded 
the fiune, as was ddivered in the Adnce to the 
King, the 5th of i4areh laft, to di0<dve die two 
- Treaties. The other Parts of the Petition being 
klfo read, it was debated. Whether any man was 
lequifite to be defired of his Majefty dian the Exe- 
cution of the Laws now in Force againft Recu- 
^ti, left it fbould be nM&d they were beginning 
a Perfecution ; but they came to no Re^ution 
about it at this Time, only agreed to defer the fiir* 
-tber Codrideration of it till next Day. ThePeti- 
tioa itfelf, as drawn up by the Commons, followft 
in theft Words : 

A^ it fkafe yuir i^Ji BfctUtnt A^tftfj 

* ¥T7 E your Majefty's rooft humble and loyal 
-^ Petition * ^^ Subjcas, the Lords an«l Commons in tnia 

£2^ Ren- * prtfent Patliament affembled, having, to our ftn- 
tv^, ' * gular Comfort, received your princely Refol«i 

* tioi>> upon ouJT hwoblc FetHioo, to <w>lve dtt 


^ E?N<J£. AND. ia5 

' and having, pi^ ^ar JParta, with all Aleoity. and •*)• 
' KwadjinJii, tiwnUy ofleied our Affiftuics w ytoiir 

* Mi^<% (9 ^ntltin the Wu''w)}icb'inaf enSui 

* tl^craipo!) ; .YxCi .vitb&l, feti&iiy fiading w4iAt 

* Sf i}idofis tni tnthfirow Pofitioiu tbole Jncehdia^ 

* n«s oJF ^«ny, wkI -piiifeftil SJiginssof £jhi»t^the 
' Pric^ 9n^ jQAiJts, linCvfe into TOUT natunl-^Mtm 

* $i4^j^]^vt)M NiMnbera ttwyium fedund, and 
--dp 44% fB(U)C4, tQ nofcc their OtpcB^ct on the 

!. «&I)t^Hus to yMir M^cAy Ai»r Ciege Lord) 

* wh^r d»ily Re&irt ef PrUiU anj fc^^it* '""^ 7°"^ 

* KiOgdtme I whfU CtMKourja of i'l^jj^ AiKuuBU; 

* 4Bi|cii inofv than ufual, is now in and ibout tb^ 

* City of Ltndffit i what Botdnels, yea, wlMt'Iii' 

* toieiKy Hatj lute ^ifeovered ostof the Oiunioa 
*- coqonv«d of iheii fprcign fWonagc ; what pu« 

* blic Sefoftto MaSa, and odier EkckuTos of die 

* Pafifi Raligicui> in thn Haafes ctf bnign A^aT- 
t fiidon dnHViis c^tly* to the gr^ Grief and 0f- 

* ftnce of your good Subje£bi what gw»t.-Pic- 
■ pa^atiow are made in.%na, fit-far an.itrnfionj 

* the Bent whtn«f j> sspFoba^k to beufron fiund 

* Partof your Maj«Ay's Donioiona a« upon aui^ 
t o^er Place j i^M Eacoaragemant that aacf oe 
'-to your £aanies, nd the Enemies of your 
'-iCfomi, to have a Part*, or but the Opiiuoajof 
*r a Party*' vi&in your Kingdomt, who daily m-; 

* crcafe and corabmc dwmfelMs ' together for teC 
(.Purpoie i irttat (tiOwaiteniiig. of jour good and 
' Wing SubjefliT w^en thBy-&aU/eeinope Cmifd 
< of F«ar ihMta-th^r fidfe hearted Cauntrymen af 
^h«ne, than fiDBa Aeir pnd^al Advufiuie* a-' 
^ broiid i «rl)at aj^xtrenC Datuers, h^ God's IVovir 
f drtOE and your Mne^y's Wlfiktn and Gciodne6,* 
f tht^ ttwe irery )atuy . e&apcd, which Ae loi^r' 
^ CoiitamnafiQ i^ohthe(eTTcati«a,'up(M fiidiun- 
' firrinL rgndirinnr, frnnratddby yau; own iU-af- 

* fcOed Suli^ada, would furely have drawn upon 
f/ytntf M^afiyi-indyQUrState; do, in all Hum-' 


^ 124 5^ FdrJfhmekttuy H Te t d R r 

WU. a» jMiwi.I. <-hteitds, ofer unto'your Sacred ,Majefty thde 
ic*j. < tjj^ij hoinble Pctirions following :' 

I. * That all Jefuits and feminuy Priefts, and all 
' others, having taken Orders by any Authority de- 
^ rived from the See oi Ramt, may, by your Ma- 
-* jsfty's Proclamation, be commands forthwith 
' to depart out of this Realm, and all other your 
' Hig^ocfs's Domtniotu; and neither they, nor 
f any other, to return or come hither a^in, upon 
^ Peril of the fevereft Penalties of the Laws now 

* ia itaoe a^inA them ; and that all your Majef- 

* ty's.Subjem may hereby alfe be admonilbed not 

* toscccive, entertain, comfort, or conceal any of 
f ^t viperous firood, upon Penalties and Fotfei- 

* tur«, which, by the Laws, any be impofed iipori 
» diem. 

1 II. * That yotn'M^efly would be pleated to give 
*- ftrei^t and ^leedy Charge to the Juflicesof Peace 

* inalTPartBofthiffKingdom,that{acC(Hdingtothe 
. * Lawa in that Behalf tnadc, and the Ordefs t^en 

l;b}r'yourMiycfty's Privy Council heretofore for 
^ iF^licy of State) they do take fron ati PtffJhRe- 
Vcufants,:legally{»tivi£lcdj-or juftly fufpefled, alf 
^ fudv Armour, Gunpowder, and Munition of 
*^^any Kind, as any of them have either in thrir 
V'^vn Hands, or in the Hands oi any other for 
\ t^m,'^nd to fee tbe/ame fafely kept and difpoT- 
V-edaixrbrding'tothe Law, leaving for, the necef- 

* lary Defence of - their Houfc and Peilbns, (q 
*: lAuch as by the Lxw is psefciibed. 

t HI. ^ Thatyour Majcfty will-pleafe to com- 
V ouLod all i^^i^ Recuunts, »td ^1 others, who,' 
y:bj any Law or St^ute, ace prohttrited to come' 
■.-toi the King's Court, -focdiwitii, under Pain c£ 
*- your heavy EHfptstfiirc, and ievcxc iExecutian of 
*, your Laws againft them, to retire themftlvefi,^ 
S' their WiycB, and families, from or about Lmt&ny 
*. to their fovcral Dwellings, or Places j by your Laws' 
*. appointed ; and- there to reiiiainjoonanad widiin' 
*i hye Mdes of their Dwelling-Blacas, accordtag 
*~ to tlte. Laws of this yout Rc^tnt; . And, for. tlukC 

^ ■ , ■ , * Purpofc, 


8f E NGL A ND^ 105 

Purpole, to difchugc a]] by-paft Licences gnmtcdAik «■ JmmiI. 
unto them for their Repair thither ; and that they *^*^ - 
preTuinc not any Time hereafter to repair to 
Landen, or within ten Miles of Lpnderii ot to fha 
King's Court, or to the Prince's Court wheie-i 
(bcver. . . ^ 

IV. * That your Migefty wpuld forbid and re- 
ftrain the great Refoit and Concaurfc of yotin 
own Subje£b, tor the heuingof Miifs, or qtb^er 
Exercifes of the Rsmijb Religion, to the Hou(e& 
of foreign AmbaSadors* or Agents, refiding hete, 
for the Service of their fcveral Princes or States, 

V. • That where of late, in feveral Counties in, 

this Realm, fome have been trufted in Places pi, ' 

Lord Lieutenants, Deputy^ieu ten ants,, Com-^ 
miffioncrs of Oyer and Terminer, JuAJces of 
Peace, and Captains of their Country, 'which ^ 

are either i'l^^/i Reciifants w Non-Communi- 
cants, by the Sp?ce of a Year laft paft, or whid^ , 
do not ufually refprf to the Church to divine Ser- 
vice, and can" bring no good Gcrtificate thereofV 
that your Majefty would bepleaffd. t9<tifchar^ , . . .^ 
them from thefc Places of Truft, by which they. .. ,, ' '; , . * 
haye that Power in the Country where they live» . ,4 

as is not fit to be put into the Hands of Perfons" 

VL ' That your Majefly would be pleated, ge-'- 
nefally, to put the Laws in due Execution, Vhjch- 
are made, and ftand in Force againft Popijh Recu- 
fants i and" that all your Judges, Juftices, and 
Minifters of Juftice, to whofc Care thefe Things 
are committed, may, by your Majefly's Procla- 
mation, be commanded to do their Du^ therein. 
VII. ' That, feeing we are thus happily deliver- 
ed from that Danger which thefe Treaties, now 
dt&lved, ' and that Ufe-which your ill-afi^^ed 
Subjects m«de itwreof, would - certainly havft 
drawn'upon u^jahd' cannot btit forefeeand fea^ 
left the like may hefeafter .happen,. »nd imeviubly 
bring f«ch Fftril to your Majcfty's Kingdoms ^ 
we are moft humble Suitors to ypur gracious Ma- 
jefty, to fecure &e^ Hearts of your gocd Subje^ 

■,G(Ki'^le -^ 

i2» ^ i^^fflto^jrWs^b'eV 

ta: Ir'JMttT.-^ W tfi6 Uh^gefftcnt of yM^Sofaf Wof(i dift^ 

»•»!■' t ^^^ tjjaf^ ^n rtd' Occafltsh'df Mafria^tf o^ 

*'Trt«y, '(St flfh^Rftiueft in itt« fietisif' frbta ^t 

* 'fortigH Pfiflct Or' Sfaiie wKatfdfeVef, ybli Wilt tiia 

* offer riadteh The 'EiecQtiiJh'of your taws agiitff 

* /•««»!& jRccufants. , , ' ' ' 
* To willed oar litimttiPrffriortV, proceeaing 

* front ouf nioff hivKf arid dfiyirtH 'ArfVaiaHS tb- 

* «ahf Jrdar Majdiy, biir Cart df'out' Ci»/ftUj'a 

* Good) and oilfconfi(ffintPeKiHafidn' that thii Will 

* mucll advance *he Glory of Altftfgtity Go.i, the 

* everialline Horioui' of your Rfajefty, the Saf^, 
' of foat Kingdom, and the EncoiiragetnehJ' of 
•■ all your good SubjCiJts, wh'A do (ftofthuiribly tie-^' 

* ftech four Majerfy to vouchraic a gracious An- 

• fvfcf;' ■ ■ , , ; 

..Mr; RaJhtuaHh ihthxIuccS this .teiitioh, tft hi^ 
^d/jVifftVflij'widi the.followitig'tvetter' fioiA Kihg 
jWi t6 ^cctzti^'CeWiva^ «fi>ut it{ffj. 

ntKIa^>t«t-^ T t)oubt not hiil you have h'ara, what a Jisngtng ri-^ 
temtbitOcn-X ^■^■g„ aedin/tihe Papifts, ?*«' iaiv^r flba/J (SAfl^ 
*"• fent to the Higher fteufi ihu pay, -that they might 

jtintly prefenl it linta me. Te{\-ltneWy my firm Sft- 
feltftionas net to maie thit a War cf Religien -^ ehdi 
feeing I wiuld he letl'lo )>e Conycatched by my .People. 
I pray /lay the Pojt that is going la Spdh, (;?/ / 
tneei ivtih my San, who will be here Te-tnoffoVi Ufafn'^ 
ing. Do it iipon Prtlexf »f foihe mfrt'_ Lett&s ye arf 
to fend by him : A«d, if ht fiouid W_foiu, ' bapn af-, 
Ur hlmiojlay him ufonfemifucb Pretei^. And let 
none livirtg knovi '^ihis asy9u'levt,me, Aiidyh^i'i 

^f^agthi SjMlIi Dif^tittti, rrtnntiwMtt m '«t na^t )tt*t.,^iA 
fiJl* tTccrtiined by [he AmbwiOr of tlifi Jafiqli. It *VWm,^ 

dieiV, t}iactiicDd» <it Bia;*^^ litt SMM ^- «^i tim^ 

the firll qf jifrit, hvg VHyi before thE ContiiMiM hid defir^ ■ Cpaf 
firente vl\fh the LOtii about then Pi^riori; AM ttMflgft Mr ^(7- 

/bhitd«(«tJtthEChitd«f Jlfril, ttei»Kke«f tUflAiuMaiMl 
«I the leal) Inltnutlon Where thEy hid di« C^ of a UtW WTOMi 
frith fo |ieit to Ail of Sccttcj' and Troft> 


if El M G L A M 1>. it^ 

Tf6§ m At Aptnrnn TV-fRffYvw, ytu Jbattt tM^Mtf M. if>M*lk 
Fmilf btarfHm m, TttetnL '"^ 



When the Lords had heard the sbove-mcntiooed 
Petition I'cad a fecohd Time, tjiey difpatched Mdf- 
I&igerstotheCoWiirtonstoirtftwmtlieirt, Thattbfcy' ' 
hsatdkeh it into their Confidenition, and <lidho^' . 
to be rcadr hy the next Day, to fend te dton for a' - - 

It now appears viho the VcMt Lotd was Whole' 
Condaa was objcaed to in YeAer^'s Ptttceed- 
ings; for, fome Ordew being made ffli* Dayv re- ' 
hldtt^ to the Sittings aT the CMAmittee oa Mbiii- 
tions. Stores; ftfir, we are told, by the ^titrnalf 
*e Lord TreAfer fte<»d utr and &id, T&rf *'Tfc.L-i t 
iimddi^t m Fi^vtr bkt EffeMlitH ; and, u4»i ^^^mpuT 
fi^ hmtiMUt ^j Lordfiip VMtM fiinu daHgertJu it » flat *fi^ 
Phtt Ceitfiiretj, und CmUmtien agah^ him ; ttfSft*,"*^ 
if k viatfmffierA, ia Aiait tuitiU- bt th Safttj lA Us 

Afrith. Some ptlbfic and ^iVkEeBiSsbeliitfMMI, 
de Archbifhop of Ctnaerhury ret>orted AtOA .tHe' 
Committee, on the Vtffitioti againft R«ctt&Att, 9^. ' 
That they had Otodtdlisd another Petttiotl- out oT 
the ftmter, wtiich the ComAOtis' defired' Ml^tf bo 
Wd fefl tterf to his Majeih', ibith a- &oit Intrddt^on : ' 
Thit their LordAipa had' thought fit to leWe' <iut' 
tke whole PrewiMe'of ^ otfier, with dteRetfToKi ' 
A* the Tod PetiBbn, and oiilytci be delivered if' 
the King fbotird deihand if.' . Agreed to fend a' 
Meffiige t« ttie Cotnmons, That the. Loitb »«' 
ready to enter into * dxStttnst with theffl prfr<^ 
fimtly, ifitAWwididteir Gonremencci Aneetl' 
alTo to inftiiin the CMntnoo)-, That this Hou|b' 
^adi hot ahnedtbe SubSmeevflAe PttitfWi from' 
thdrt, bur only ebntnaicd t^ "fiiiM ', ' And' dflto*' 
Oeir Lordfli^ have left oOt tli«' ReSAnv lir die' 
PteMiMef jk they tbtillc fit td hawtbem ii RciA- 
dinic&f if HNMajeftv tetitilft any. ,' , ' 

Kit <^ iWuEtf aiT End' n tnft BitniMRif becsnin 
afi -Al6ur ^ « dificrent Nttuc ii comiiig oq. which 


I2B lie Taf-Uamatiay HiaT&RY 

Aa. »i Jmxt l.will require aregular Progreffion : — Tht Lordtf and . 
iSi4> Commons, after many. Conferences aboiit it, «C 
lengti) agreccl.tijxi^ the following Petition inftcsd 
of the former : 

"May it pleafe your Mofl Excellent'' Majejty, 
Thtjoint Prtiti- ' j T having pleafed your M^e&y, upon our 

r B^'l"'"'^ *• ' humble Suit and Advice, to dilfeJve both the 
for ExMuuon of ■ . ■ j ,-. > 

the Uw« agiinft .- Treaties, to ^ur groat Joy and Comfort, we your 
jtruiu, ic. ' Majefly's raoft feithful and loya! Subjefts, the i 
'.Lords and Cdfnmons ^emblt^ in Parliatnent, 
' dp, in all Hu;jiblcnefs, offer to yoyr Sacred Ma- ,. 
' jefty thefe two Petitions following ; : 
.' f(fy?. That for the more Safety of your ^ 
' Reaims, and better keeping of your.Subjcfls ia ; 
'. their diie Obedience, and other important Rea|bn^ ' 
• "of State, your Majefty-will-))? pi^afed, by fi?lne^ 

- .■ . f ; . . - , * fuch fcourfe ,as ytjur Majefty fhall' think iir, ta , 
.- * give prefeit Order, That all the J,aws be put iffy 
*'dup\£icecvi\ipii,, t^at have been made, and do.. 

* (land in Force againft Jefuits and feminary Priefts, ■. 

* gjidall pdim- thai'h^e .taken Orders by Autho- 
*.,fily_jJerived fromjhe See oi Rime, anA genCTally 
' ^i^iiiJl all Ppfifi) Recufants j and as for difarnjr. 
*' uig them, thaf itmay be accqi;ding to, the Law*,^ 
'.icnd acconiing ^fprmer AiSs and, Directions; pjf. 
*.State in th; like Cafe': ^nd yet, that it cnay^ap- - 
*-.p^ai: to all the World, t^efavo)|ir,iUi.4^effleaqn' 
*^yaur Majefty ufeth towards all your SubjeCtei- of ; 
' what Conditiofi fQevcr } and tp- the rbttent;th^,i 
*jjefuits and friefts, now in the Realm, may not: 
*..pretcnd tobe furwiled, chat a foee4K apd certain., 
* .Vvf may be prcm4^,j)y yourMMefljj'jS.Pj^ 

* fmatiop, (t^or?, Y^Iuch Day they mall depart out'; 
*j^-of ypur Rqaln^- ajid all other yoyi; .Highnefs^^, 
•^pmipion»i a^ neithei;.th^-jior any other,. ;tOLi 
*-,retiw> Of, coone ■Jii^i'^r; again, upon the fevercft; 
'.Pfn^ties of '^he.Laws now, in force a^inft;; 
*,t!bon.^ aiui'thajt-.,^li your Majefty'^ S^bje^ta b^y\ 
\ be thereby aim a^^oniflied ootto reqei-ve, e^-'j 
*,jtcrtaiff, coinfpii^'.or,,cGi9'cea]^yof ti^% up^n 

4;> , 


■ e'^ E N G L A N D. 129, 

* thePeiialtics and the Laws,*"- Mj'sml,- 

' may be impofed upon them. ""♦• ■ 

* Secmdly^ Seeing we are thus happily delivered 

* from that Danger, which t.'eie Trt-auts, novr 

* diffolved, and that Ufc which your in-affciSed 
' SubjcfSs made thereof, w<«ild cert^uuly .have. 
' drawn upon us ; and yet cannot but forui'ec and 

* fear leaft the like may hereafter happen, which 
' will inevitably bring fuch Perils into your Miijef- 
' ty'a Kingdoms, we are moi^ humble Suitors to 
' your gracious Majefty, to fecure the Hearts of 
' your good SubjciSs, by the Engagement of your 
'Royal Word unto them. That, upon no Occa- . 

* Ron of Marriage, or Treaty, or other Requifite 

* In that Behalf, from any foreign Prince or State 

* whatfoever, you will take away or flacken the 
'Execution of your Laws againft Jefuits, Priefts, 
'and Pepijh Rccufants. To which our humble 

* Petitions, proceeding from our mofl. loyal iind 
' dutiful AfFeiSions towards ybur Majefly, our 
' Care of our Country's Good, and our own con- 

* fident Perfuafion that thefe will much advance 

* the Glory of Almighty God, tbeeverlaftingHo- 
' nour of your Majefty, the Safety of your Kiag- 

* doms, and the Encouragement of all your good 
*-Subjefls, we do moft humbly befeech your M»- 

* j^y to vouchfafe a gracious Anfwer.' 

This fecond Petition was prefented to the King 
by a Committee of both Houfes, on the 23il.of 
April; and, the next Day, the Lord Archbifiiop of 
Canterliitry KpOTted it to the Houfe of Lords; and 
that, after his Majefty had heard the fame read, he 
gave them the following mofl gracious Anfwer to it ; 

My J^rds and Gentlemen, T , 

jfLthau^h I cannot hut umtKtnd your Zeal in offer~ _, . , 
■" jnz this Petition to me ; ytt, on the other Sidi, J!^^^"*'* *^* 

/ cannot but hold myfelf unfortunate^ that IJhould be 
(bought to need a Spur to do that which my Confiience 
and i)ttlj hiiidi m unto: What Religion I am <f 
my Booki' do declarty my ProfeJUon and Sehaviaw 
' Vol. VI. r ' -ditlf 

,L.( Kittle 

13<S fhe ParUaiOentMy. f} t s 1 6 * *• 

%• tiJiMiLdtthfiew; and, I hi^i InGH, I Jbull twvtr livi^ 

'* "**• te thtught Bthervj'ife ; fiiri I a^ I ^U never deferyt 

it : Andy fir my Part, I wip it may be writUn m 

Marble, and remain fa Piiflerity as a Mark ufen me^ 

I tuhin I fiiall fwerve fram my ReHgtan ; for bt tha^ 

drth diffemhie with Gad is not ta be trnftdaf Men. 

My Lerdi, fir my Party { priieft be/are Gady thai 
tny Heart hath bUd wtxn I have beard of the Increaft 
af Popery: Gadis m/yudge,ithath beenftuhagreai 
Grief ta Die, That it hath been as Toarm tn my Efti^ 
tnd Pricks in my Sides i and fa far, I htn/e been, ana 
fitall befram turning any other Wayi And, my Lordt 
and Gentlemen, yeu Jhalt be my Confeffars, that if I 
knew one Way bettei'than another to hinder the 
Growth of Popery, I would take it ; for,' know- 
ing what I do, and beine perfuaded what I am, I « 
could not be an honeft Man ^d do otberwile (x)/ 
And thii I may f^ farther. That if 1 be nat a Mar- 
tyr, I amfure 1 am a Confeffar i And^ infime Senfe, 
I may be called a Martyr, at, in Seriptare, Ktac war 
ferfeeuted by Ifiunael by macking IVords ( far never 
King fuffered more by ill Tongues than I have dme^ 
and, I amfure, fvr na Caufe; yet I have been far 
fram PerfecutioH, far I have ever thought that n* 
AfiJy more en&eafii any Religion than PerfecutitHf 
according la that Sayings Sanguis Marlynun eft 
Semen Ecclefia:. 

2^aw, my Lords and Gentlemen^ far year Fefitim^ 
1 iuill nat anly grant the Subfttnte if tuhat yett erave^ 
iut add foTnewhat mare ef tity euitt ; far the two Trta-* 
ties being ah-ea^ annulled, (as t have declared them: 
« be) if nec^arily foBnus of itfelf that which yau dt^ 
fire J and therefore it needt no mare, hut that I da 
dtelare, by Proek/mation^ (whifh Tarn ready ta d») 
that edl Jeftdts and Priefts do Apart by a Day ; ha 
■ it canhat be, as jeii dtfire, by our'Preclamation^ ttlt 
oat of ail my Dominians ; fir • PrtdamatisH htrt tx" 
ttnJs but to this Kingdtm. 


(a) la Xtfiiwuti it pmt that! One fftif tr aia' ie ttib i«(sin 

Dtfin U binder tbt Grmtb if fff^TJ i vi I fm!d-Mt tt 

Ma, •fJfieiUtavidnHntimijt, 


Jjlif^'Ji n^tti^ gi'titir Ciraitts, is het tht ftmu ****• 
fiim^if J^ fatting tM ihr taw in Ziittutiin againji 
jtHufanfty as tb^ ivetr wont to da hrfori th^ Trea~ 
iiis\ for'the Lewi arejiill.ttt FarUt and Wire never 
iSjfliAfia bniS ^.Tkt: Gti, it il^ 7»^f » '^O* "w* 
i»rt«r jjEr iraenHfd 6y 'ike j >«(, as I md pu in tbt 


.. - -- . _^_ -.. ,, .- .- I ntedi 

Mtlti'ng' Ktf )^ Det&raien j pnd^ fir. the tSjarming 
'^ timi tfrf (J ttfreai/f [prtvided fox] hy tUle Lawu 
Vttdfii^ it.i^ni h yid iefred: Andmre, IwiH' 
Uit O^Af pr ike J>ameflil bifirder of the r^orting. 
''X'tiif $ilji£it h dUfireign Amha0mrs \ fir tiiil 
imtl a^fi lehh. mf Comcil hew it may it iefi rifgnti~ 
iai Jl.i!.Mie thai the Mou/ei fff JmiitJSdBrs are pri', 
vikge^ptxeii-; df^theugnthncannBtiah them oHiff 
ifcir Hiufif; Jet 'Hje hard Mayor and Mr. Rtcarder 
tf London Ai)> take fgiiu of them ai they cenu /rent 
aeiicei dtt^tmAe. thai Exatt^r. Amxher Pirn I 
vfHt add cUfcernhtg the Edtiation tf their Children ; 
1^ which 1 have ha4 a ^ncipaf Cai-e, at r/ty Lord of 
CaJiter^my, ^^eBi^^^Vi'MvA^^T^jandt^hef 
itrdt ^ mytawn^l, [and; indeed, all my Goimcil] 
lite ^ar nie tuitri^Sy with whom / have advi/ed about 
yi/isBtiJimrsiJ^-, inmdFaithi H it A Shame their 
fj^idrtn'fio^ 1^ Pred hire'y ds if they were [brought' 
tip m.Madrid or] ai Rome i So I do grant net enhf 
fair ^efkc^ itatlurt. Im firry twas netthefirji 
Mnhr, of iiie yo« ; tUt had yag net dine it, t weuid 
fete dtne it tnyfi^. 

. l^uf, fir the ficotid Fart, of your Petition, yeti. 
kmit firt pvm me the heft ^dvice in ihe P^orld ; for 
h it ^^^the Rule of PPifdem thai d King /hould. 
fyfffT aay of hit Siibie^t to be holding and depcnd- 
n^ cUi' ally' other Pritlce than hinlfelt} for what 
bttb aoy Khlg to do with the Laws and Subjects 
of' MKIttief Kiflgdditt (V) i Thertfore ajftre yeur- 
, , I a fehet, 

(jfi Ik Jb>Mnd. Jttti ^e»/jp^itiUmi h ^ t<i*>"4h 'f 


i^z, The Pariiamefa^ary, Hi ST <tM.r 

A,. 11 Jimej l.y*c^«^ th0. By iht Grace if Gtdy 1 tutQ he\citf^l 
•"»♦• tbatnofuch Conditlom , be faifled In upon any ether' 
Treaty ■uihatfoever ; for it it Jit my SubjiUs fioaid 
Jiand or fail by their own Laws. 

-^^, . ■'fpril 8. We now begin with an Affeir of aWry 

pinftih^^Uf cj^^i'^ordinary Nature, ■ wherein one of th'e princi-; 

lAiMitfa, Lord pal Officers of the Crown was charged- widi Very, 

Hi(kTreafuiCT. high Crimes and Mifdemeaiiors ; which Inftance,;. 

with fome forc2oi,ng, evidently {hews. That no, 

^an was then fo gteat in himfeJf, or fo powerfully 

fcrepiied by the Courts but a Parliamentary Enquiry 

would reach bim. We fliall make no Apology for 

the Length of this Trial, fmce the Rarity of ic, and 

ax'traordinaj-y Incidents in the Proceedings therein, 

niuft recommend it to the Public; elpecially ai 

neither Wilfan nor R^Jhwarth have gi\^ us one 

Cn'gle Word of this Matter, nor any;Other Hifto- 

rjan, excepting Sir IViUi^fn Dugdaie, -hy a flight 

. Note upon it in his Bannage ef Eiigland. 

■. The ficft Notice,, i;lie Lords received from the 

Comjinons, of this Bufmefs, was on the 8th of J(ftW/, 

when they received a Me(&ge from them to this 

. m^a-. . _ . ■ , 

. ? That whereas they, Yeflerday, fei^t to defire a 
Qonrcrcnce with them, fqr the hetter accommo- 
dating the Bill of Monopolies, to be this Morning 
^ mne, which their Houfe intended ta have done 
accordingly ; but, that now a great and weia^ty; 
Affair, as ever yet came before them, intervenmg i 
^nd many of their Committee being employed 'in' . 
ihe Examination and Enquiiy t'herCof, who wer* 
formerly appoi;ited to attoid their Lordflyps at thii , 
Conference j they humbly -defire to be fpar^' at 
this Time, and they wtl] attend at any other which. 
(heir Lordfhips Ihafl appoint.' 
\ April ^. The Houfe of Lords being rtoiiiided of 
the Words ufed by the Lord Trealurer, ^pril ^, 
of a dangerous Platy Confpiracy^ and CctKiinetim 
ogain/lhim; and bccaufe the Words were doubtful 
&nd generally fpoken, his Lordlhip was required to 
Biune.tbe-rartiea '^t h^ lb .ccmbutcd and' c«n- 
■■ fpirc^" 


of EN G L AN-D. ■ ' 13J 

J{Mred againA him ; for, otherwifc, an Imputation Aa, m Jim« I- 
might reft upon that Houfe; orfome of the Mem-; '^*** 
bers, there being, at that Time, a Committee on 
Munitions, flfr, fublifting, 'who had taken Hvers 
ExaminaticKii concerning .Ms Lordlhip as Lord 
Treafurer. ' 

Whereupon his Lordfhip flood up.and cl^red the 
Houfe, abfolutdy, from aiiy Cojnbinatioji at afl 
againfthim; and he further proteiled, at that Time, 
diat he did not name or mean any Member of th^ 
Houfe ; which Proteftation he reiterated to them. 

Nothing nlore occurs of this Matter till JpfU 
(he raih^ when a Melfege came from the Cor)% < 

mons titf&fe Lords in order to put ofF the inteiided 
Confertnce again ; beca'ufe they faid, That a LoriJ 
of that Houfe had defired to he h^ard, by hif Coun^ 
fel, m theirs, in Ac Afternoon ; rsrhich they had 
yielded to. - ■ . ' ,- ' '\ 

■ On>tbis a Motion was made, to confider, th'a^ 
it might trench deep into their Priviieges, fof a 
Lord of" that Houfe to anfweran Accufatioft in the 
Houfe of Commons, cither by his Counf^l," or by, 
fending hw Aiifwer, iii Writing. But, upon' the 
humWc Reqiteft of the Lord Treafurtr, the Hbufe 
gave'him LeaVe to fend hisAhfwej to the Com- 
plaint of'AeCommons If he pTeafed. However,' 
aa.Oniefi was made, TTial rm Lird of thai Houfe 
^ii, htreafter\ withut IScenti, anfwer any Com-' 
piaintiktM-HfufeofCf/TiminSf either in Perfin or 
by his Cattf^U^ ' 

/ T>Enr-jSe^rchbiftop.faf'-Gwi?lfr>ary reported to 
the Houfe, Thata Committee being appointed to" 
cbhljderAfttie Stores, Munitions, &f. fomewha;t 
\aA happeh'ed-in their Ekamiriation thereof,' which 
torched itbe Honour oE the Lord Treafurer; 
Whereupon- the faid Lord' defired, that the utmofl! 
Trudi ^ei«of might be enquired into and examirt-; 
ed. Accordingly Witnefies h^d been fworri here»' 
sud^ SahrCoijcimittee appointed to take -their Exa-J- 
minations ; which, being reduced into'Writing,* 
bis Grace ddivered to-be read. 

I 3 But, 


134 ^ ^P^fiim^m l?i5TfliRf 

4n, a» jflM^t But, before that y^ done, -thelxir* K(Wp^%- 
■ »?«• "'pific^ to the Hoiiic,, that he had recBvedaPciitiQ^ 
from Sir Thomas DalUfin, delivered uot»iii[fi ^^.s 
Menifecr of thjs Hoyifc, iwli() defied jt pight' M 
Kad t>eibrc the laid |Uport.' Wbtdi Pct^ttOfiiii^ 
in thefe Words ;' " 

To the Rigtit BoppMiable tbe Lords Sptctt^ Ht4| 
Tejiipanl ia ^^lianiqit u«(ihl<)d- 

The Humble Petition pf Sir Tierrm VaUffify &>(( 
, of Sir £0^^ Z)a/^yf'n, Km. and ^art. 4^ceafed. 
jM^ K£ Je £ M there «wf on Exammttnt *5/*«* 
t'^ a Committee of yata: Heneuri, UMttj-aini- tbi, 
X-otdsof hh' Jiaid. Fathtr, cnj^ttndMd far tuitk m 
Lord-Trea/urer ;" whereupon iberi u «?| jtctatpft ffvai^ 
ia your 'Lordjhift^ ty enf Ma^le, « Sfrivettert *H bir, 
J^trdfiiip't Behalf^ 0/26,609/. or thereabuits^ U hi, 
'ei Mxyli, reporteH.' ""■■'"■' ■ ' " ' 

i^ey/f for Ipet ihfs, fttmmti opi bit Mffbtr ptrt^ 
torted'eut of ihnr Mftatt tbfrtin by bit t'rrd^ip fiii. 
\i very JmaS JUrtter, iy etlgur a/hii Jlffi^ffifj Ex- 
i*nt ; arid it iaj>b. tt make ^edr "ip j»ur' JUerd^fr, 
ihat t^ere hath tfat heih much mare lion ^If tb^ 
Sum of 3;C,ooo/. reaJfy^ inthtr m'M>mey,'tf: MMtft 
Worthy givmfir the fa»tl>j hii Lir^finf j imd ftr, 
that tbefaidLanisare'i^fiir greater Vaiiti a»4 
this Petitioner ou^ht., iif all E^uitj^ ifi haw the Bt^ 
- ifeft of ampouwiing his Fath^s Debts, tmd the Bt^ 
T^ that fimii aante by ^ Sw^lufiige rf fif 

Efiatt: ■ ■"■■ ■' ■"■ -" ■ ■ - "■ ■•' ' "• 

He msji btfijibfy defirtth your Henm-s U Jta^ tb»^ 
' S-eport, and graitt yaur Petitiater a Ctpy'tf thi, 

Jccount before • the fanu paft from the Ltr.dt -vf the^ 
Cominittee-; and that your Petitiiiter majt bf alkto^ 
. ed to make Juih jufi Exctptlotu tbereuhUi. is to ibe_ 
hamcurabU Lords «f the Comtmttet Jbail fttm. rek^ 
JoBaile.' ' jfnd ht fhaU tvtr ^ay far' ytiir ift-" 
raurSf &c. .. . / , ^ 

'" ■ TliOMAS pAIXiaOK. 

" ' - - A Mo-_ 

yENOLAND; ijj 

A Motion was made, Wbethpr, by the Orders An. « jin«» 
pf Ac Houfe, the hotdwTzeafunr may be prefent ■"♦* 
when the Rtpcrt is read ; beckufe the faqie con- 
cerns his Honour f It wiis agreed, That he might be 
pcefent, at the iiiA Reading, but not when th9 
Ume fliall be debaM bf the Houle, 

Thtitt the Attorney-General read the Report « 

fit St ATX tf tbt BusiKBSS reftrrtd 4t tbt SuB- 
CouMlTTEt Jir MvHiTlOHS, f^e. 

ON die ?8th of Jl&jr, 6 Jae. 1608, a Privy- 
Seal was directed to theXord Trcafurer anS 
Vnder-Trcaftjrer of the Exchequer, fiw the Tnne 
Mtig) for the ifTuiag but fuch Sunu of 'Maaef 
pot exceeding 60DO /, fer Antum^ as by Quarter* 
. pooks {hould appear to be due to the Office of 
prdnance, for Wages or Provifions, 

* The AUewance was duely paid until the ift 
ftf ^rtl 1614 } but then, or fliortly after, by the 
pc&ult of Sir Rner DalUfin and me Officers ttf 
the Excjiequer, wxiAxy fxjtaaa» were unorderiy 
made, wiicreby the Ofice was unfiimiflied ; and 
J)aOJJin^ who had received thofe Moneys and not 
lemployed them as he ought, became indebted iq 
fttCat Arrears to bis Mzjefly.' 

* Upon Complaint whereof, in Nevemttr 1617, 
^is Majefiy made a Reference ts divers Lords df 
^Counal) who, in Z>ffmi^ 161^, ictumed un- 
der dieir Hands a Propofttio]! of Supply, efHmateii 
pt 54,078/. 8s. id,' 

* In FtbrHory i&ig, his Majefty's Commiffion 
>ras awarded to the Cotniniffioiiers for the Navy, 
whereof the now Lord-Treafitrer was one of the 
chief, to liirycy tl^e Qffice of Qrdnance ; Atid theiu 
\n Jufy 1620, made a Rettfrn hereof to the Counc^'lt 
Wfth their Opiniofi^ how the Magazines might be « 
fiiTniflicd with a, prefent Supply of 13,640/. 14 1. 
fiia id. how the ordinary Allowance of 6000 7, 
ptr AnnuTHy might be reduced to 3000 /. and how, 

W" titftine- (W nytoy unneceflivry Charges, and 

I ^ «ti»r 

,L.( Kittle 

I j6 *JTx Partiamentvry History 

ji. 11 >inetl. other Means, his Majefly might have,, yearly near 

,'**♦• 10,000/. And thofe Propofitions made by them, 

in JUhhaelmas Term 1620, received Allowance 

from the Lords, and, at laft, from his Majefty 

" , himfdf.' 

■' ' tn December 1620, the Lord Vifcouiit Mart- 

iivUle became Treafurer ; and, in May xblly a 
Privy- Seal was drawn by the Officers of ihc Ordr 
nance, for fettling the faid 3000 /. yearly, and Tor 
i'ayincht of the faid 13,640/. 1 4 J. and zd' 
But the Gune, b^iiig confidered of by the Commif- 
.fioners of the Navy, was rejeiScd, becaufe it fwerv- 
ed from their Propofitions ; and fo, the Lord Man- 
.deviiU leaving the Treafurerfhip about Michaelmas 
1611, nofhing was done. In Oiloher 1621, the 
,EarI of MiddUfex became Lord-Treafui;ef, and 
■having continued in that- Place two Years and fix 
"Months, in all that Time' none of the three £(la- 
iilifhments, wz. that of 6° Jacobi by the dofniant 
Privy-Seal i that of 1 61 7 by the Lords;: nor thay 
-of the Commiffioners of the Navy in 1620, have 
been obferved } whereas, if that of the Commit 
fionijrs of the Navy (being the leaft chargeable to 
his Majcfty, and in* which the Lord-Treafurer 
'himfelf was principal Agerit,) had been -obferved, 
it is conceived that the Stores had been in muc^ 
better. Cafe, and aCoiirfe had therein been fettle^ Co 
have retrenched a needlefs Charge of near 10,000 /. 
per Annum, as aforcfaid.' , . 

* And whereas, in JprU 162 1, a Contrafl was 
'made with Mr. Evelyn, to ferve his M^efty. yearly 
with 80 Lnfts-of Powder,. at 7 d. per Pi»und :, '^'he 
'Want of the Payment of about 500 /. a iWonth, 
'.hath deprived his Majefiy of the Benefit of that 
Contract ; which, for twelve Months of thp Time 
'fince that Contract, hiith been forborn for Want 
'of Payment; which twenty Months Proportion, 
if it had been kiv.eA in, there would have been in 
Store at'tliJs prefeiit above 260 Lails of Powder, 
'befides 60 Lafis of Salt-Petre, which woiild have 
made 80 Lafis of Powder more ; But, by the Want 


„ «/ E N,G L A N D. 137 

of due Paymfnt, not only the Store is unfurnilhed in. i*J*am 

xiffoconfiderable a Proportion 1 but his Majefty, it »'*♦* 

is conceived further, hath loft the Benefit of 3 rf. 
in every Pound of 80 Lafts, which hath been fold 
to the Subje»S, amounting to 4050/. or thereabouts.* 
* And whereas it was intimated, that the Lord 
Treafurer hath made other Payments, lefs import- 
ii^ the Public, to the faid Office of Ordnance for 
old Arrears.; which havTe a Dependency upon an- 
other Point referred to the Sub-CoAimitlees,' touch- 
ing the Lands and Debts of Sir Rcger Dallifon : It 
appears that 28 July ibzi, which was about two 
Months before the Earl of Middhfex_ became Trea- 
furer, he made an Agreement with .the Officers of 
the Ordnance for buying their Extent and Intereft 
■jn the Lands 6f Sir Rogtr Dnllifan and Sir Thamas^ 
Mounhn, which they had by Affignmenl from hii 
Majefty, .for a Debt'of 13,062/. and thereby his 
Lordlhip did agree, fo Ibon Ss conveniently h« 
might, to do his beft, Endeavour to procure from 
his Majefty a certaiii Aflignrticnt and Order for 
the Payment df'the Sum of 8oco/. to the Ufe of 
the Servants ahd Creditors of the Office of Ord- 
nance, before the larf Day of Navemler ntxt, for 
and towards the.Kijment and Clearing of all fui^h 
Sums.of Money, as,' l;y the Pay-Eooks of the faij 
Office, fbfiuld appear 60 be due unto them, ovej 
and above the faid Sum of 13,06a/. And his Lord- 
lhip was, before tht fame laft of November^ to pay 
them' ko62/.' and, 'at the Annunciation, in the Year 
■ '1623, 500 A and ; afterwards, 50b/. half-yearly, 
till the 13,062/. tvere paid: But his Lordfhip, be- 
fore the prefixed laft oT Nnvember, becoming Lord 
Treafurer, did fiot procure any fuch Order 01; Af- , 
fignment from his Msjefty ; but, by 'Warrarit o^ 
the firft -mentioned dormant Piivy-Stal of 6* Ja- 
'cobl, did, in the firft Afichaebnas Term after he 
became Treafurer, and the two Terms of Eafiir 
and Mtchatlmas following, (being all within a little 
more than a Year after his becoming Treafurer) 
pay to them 9 1 31/. of Arr^s due to the Office \ 
"'''■"' and 


Iji ^iPatHtmetttaj Hi&Toftr 

L ts JuMa !■ and ha^, at' other Times luice, paid tg dient o^ef 
ffff* Sum*; whjdi make up the former Pj^piefit (^ 
' 19,034/. 8 J. Iiii^ whereof W23 paid ^|)£? the 
fej^inning of this Parliatnctft 2480/, 11/, ztf. 
And touching the Payment, which, by the afofcr 
iaid Agreement, his Lordfhip was to maiie untq ' 
tfiem of hf! Cfwn. Money, it ;^^)eareth that, upoi| 
a fecqni] Payment, thofe paymcii'^ ^^^ ^"^"^ hiin 
arete airdf^rged ; and^ ill lieu thereof^ bis Lordfliip 
l^gncd to them his Part in the Petty-Faims <£ ths 
Wines and Cutrants ; which they dtimatcd to ba 
worth for the firft ^o Tears i090 1, per Jtuitau 
9nA for feycn Years afte;: 1400 /. ptr Jntiumy an4 
pdd Pounds. It alfoappeareth, that about tbefamf 
Time when he made ^e faid Agreement mth die 
Pfficen, he~ bargained with Sir "Thom^t Mtiunfm fbv 
bjs Inflate in D^Sfatt's t>ands ; for which he agreed 
to give hfm 3000 1, ifi Money, thp making of li^ 
Baronets, and fonic fit Suit from his Majefty wliei;^ 
$ir ^T>ema3 could find \t, This 3000 /. V3fi duly 
said by his Lordfhip ; and then it was agreed th^ 
the Baronets were not to proceeds hut, in lieif 
(hereof, his Lordflijp gave way to a Suit, whiclf 
$iT fiomet made tP his M3Jefty> fo|^ the Benefit c^ 
compgundiitg widi th<e Copy-holders of WaieStU^ 
for reducing their Fineq %q a Certainty; which his 
Jxtrdfliip did eHimate at 2000 /. and prpmifed hiiq 
jtirther Recompence ; yet Sir 'thtmai Maunfm af^ 
&ms, He had neither Benefit thereby, no^ nirtbe^ 
jRecompence. In this Bargain, neverthelefs, thers 
are (boio Things byourahle for the Lord-Treafui;- 
fr, c^iecially two, ftrfi^ That, by this Bargain)^ 
jiis Majefly is fteed ftoax all future Demands froo^ 
^e Officers of the prdnaocc, concerning the-Debt 
' of T3>^^ A owing by DeU{&B ; whidilus Majeft 

feupon the affigiung thofe Extents, had cove- 
ted to fatisfy, in cafe the IncuoibEra^tces fiioul^ 
hinder it^m of Satis&dionj and tlus ;ipp<eareth tq 
pe true. SicmJfyy Some tntiptat^ hath been, 
tfiat this Bargain' yas no Bargain of Advantage 
\m «f Lob to ^ Leid-Trcafiircr| vf^ tb,cK« . 

I few ■ 


# E N«I. AMD. lif 

fne' niit'f*ioM4e ittM bcttiouUhKveiinjertAni,Aa.u,^llfq^ 

^JwJus Mi^e^B Service, ind die Good of the f*H< 

pficr. An4 tqfidmig Ais Point, itit^tearv, by 

|Ebe gMrf T-«ftimony ^ Sir Tkmas ^aS^n, doL 

bdiareAe- Troubles t>f his Father, the Lands aj4 

IfOifts beine (tf tbopt Ibcty Vc;^s to come, boug^ 

»f the XionTTreaTtiTCrl wererBfifetl tt 1500/. ^ 

jjfp^MRR, Of tlieresbcmts ; wtwc^ tfie Zjnfe-Lindt 

^lTc ab)Mjt 30Q /. ptr Amum : And that, beti^ thi 

itecoBwdiKe^von to the Officers of Ordnance and 

Sir SwMf AAiutJiff tfiere is «llow''d to him and 

im Mfitlief- for dtarifig their I ntc rdfa, 200/. p^ 

j4h>u^^'thar Lives: But.Sir^Jjir JW<»n«f. 

feretli «^ l(« die wttole, for forty or fifty Years^ or 

iwy adi ef iwadehable Time, at j lOO i. ur Ankwn. 

JM< H ss>peKrt; br ths T^inMiy of faim xnd Mr^ 

"M^it-, duit 4)k Lands were incuitt'beted w^ att 

AHmifty fif 200 i per ^mtm to Mr. $eMi^fitU 

for Life ; for Which, atid the Anexn, kbou^ 1 300 A 

|uth ^ecn given, by way of Gem0Dta.tion ; ai^ 

^tfe t^t&l. ta Mr. SmA fat Life, for which, and 

tfic Arrears, haA bem E^ven, by vtay of Compo^ 

fitkii, 'aboutthe Va]o9^8caA and with anKfr 

France, on Ae fart of ^fi Rich^i Smith 9X\i Sic 

|W» Z>«vr, for whidi is to be ^ven 3000 /• be- 

fides many other Incumbrances inot yet Drought in. 

But Cbe-Certainty tttereof appears not, nor diat 

.^ of' tftem, of any confiderable V^e, an prcr 

wknt t« Sir Ra^ ^>fBifii(s bc^oaoog GSat' 

Tk$t S^ptrt. htai^ read, Ae Lord TreaTurer put 

AeHoiife in mind of ^e Impuntton laid cm him by 
Sir Jtfl^ Pye, fotae Time fmce, towhing the Ejc- 
ieat of Sir Aager D^lifirfi Lands 1 and iSsaX therei^ 
Ubiitf haS'defirad Witncffes to be &rtotk inA cxa- 
iua^f and'he hoped he had luUy fadsficd thrir 
Xwdfiips' tn'riiat CauJe'. 'But, as for any other 
Matter fe^tyig ^o ^e prdntnce, Munitions, i^t, 
thty never came into his Thoughts,' aa yet, what 
J^*lfw«rtemBkei wherefore he drfired be might have 
i ^:<^ tJiwcof, ia Writi»s, >i'ilpj'^iberty to exa-. 


1^0 7^1 Farliamentary H 1 8 t b-R y 

Aik »2 James I. mine his Witneflesi. and he would anfwer the fame 
■* ■ ****•. fiUJy in Writing. He alfo defircd that his Aaion» 
might not be examined by Pieces, bat totally and 
together; and then, be doubted not but that his 
Care,'touching the Store for Munitions, Ci^t, would 
appear to be fuch that,their Lord&ipe will clear hit 
Ifonour therein; This being faid, theLordTrea-, 
furer left the Houfewhilll die Matter of the Report 
was in Debate. ■ ... 

After fome Time fpcnt therein, it was agreed, 
Xbat another Cconmitt^ fiiould be appointed to: 
draw up the Heads, pf a Charge againd the Lord 
Treafurer, out of a Brief of tie lafl Rffirtt and 
Examiuahora taken by the former Qotnmlttee. 
_.i^f othing was done by the Eords -(except reading 
^ palling; feveral Bills, of noCoi^fequencetO thew, 
Enquiries) until the ifthj when a Meflage was. 
'brought from tbe Hpufe of Comicons by.tbe hotA. 
Gaveft4ijb, and others, to this EtTe^ ; , : '...'. 
' , * That wliereas they had rec,eived diveft and 
(un^nrComplaintfagainftaMemberof that Ho«&, 
whtcn are of high and grievous J*I|ature, they deflr^ 
, * Conference thereon ti^ impart the fame' to their 
Lordlhips.' This was-agreed tobytbeL«rds; the 
pacci the Great Ha3l!at/fl&/(fA«//l -ftfld ,tbe TJihe," 
aj;;Three thatAftetnoon. .,,..,, 

/(pril i6. T^e J-ord JCpapetr, acfWSliiJ&toOr-' 

der, reported the .faid Opiiferf nc^ bjMd.dw.DajB be-: 

^re itffTiitebiuJf between tbctwQ Ho^fts^ ifltbia 

" Manner ; "" 

Heportof iCflo- -Af this ConfiHtncet Sir Mdwpr^ Cay; *■ die 

fovnoebeiwRn B«haif of the . Commoi||Y -'fliewed, ■ *:That thfe 

ct ^M '."" ' K^is)''^' CitiMji^-piid Burgpdes, allsmbled in Patn 

piUftthcL!^ Uamcnt, are always file^e^ ^c Kiiigbts by .the 

TiwfurB. Cou;itics, theijitiaensbythceiweji^ndtbc Biir- 

g,ejrcs by the Burroughs pf this Kii^om; That 

your Highnefs a»d my^Lords do enjoy.their Flacci 

by Blood and Oefcenl;} fome of your Lordfliipc by. 

Creation, and the Lords Ecclefiaflical ))y .Succef- 

ilon} but the Members of theHoufe of Commons. 

by free Eledion : They appear for Multitudes^ 

bfid bind Multitudes, and therefore they have no 

" ' ' Proxies ) 

-^ E KGL A ND. ■ f4i 

PnAies; lor all the People are prefcnt in ParBa-^ mJmw 
ment by Perfrns rcprcfentarive; 'aad therefore, by' **■*• 
the Wifiloin of the State, andhy Parliaoient Ordare, 
the Commons arc appointed the Inquititors Gene- 
ral of th<! Grievances of theKiiigdom ; and that 
f»r three Caufes.* 

. • I. Becaufc they have bcft Noticefrom all Parti * ' ' ' 

* a. Theyafetaoft fenfiblc itis.n<rt yourLord- 
Hxips, but the weaicefl; Connnons that go to th« 
>Valls.' ■ - 

* 3. As, in a natural Body, not the Difeafe,' 
but the Ncglea of Cure kUleth ; -N"fl» Morbus, ft4 
Jfarii wegUifa Curatia interficit; fo.thc long Delay- 
of Grievances, Gerpui Politiaim intirficit ; and this 
would happen if thay were not itbund out by ths 
Commons.' ' 

, * In thrir InquiHtion they met with, what they 
feuce ever found before, many . great Exorbitancies 
V)d heinous Offences, againfl: a Member of thia 
HquIc, the Earl of MiddUfix, the Lord Treafurer j 
%nd they found him guilty alter a Jlrvige Manner ; 
^r, in all their Houfc, not oat Man UiA Ne,' buC 
<oncl^ded ag^oft him Ntmim cffntradicenti' 

That Sir Edward Coke faid further, » The 
^Hilc had appointed him to prefcnt three Enormi- 
ties to their Lordships, much againft his Mind ; 
Others being far more fufficient, . as well in regard df 
^s great Years, as, of other Accidents j yet, bt , 
' £ud, he would do it truly, plainly, and Jhortly.' \ 

* There were two great Offences in general, whidi 
they had diftfibuted into two Parts; one of wfiich 
Qtould be reprpfented by him, and the other by hir 
Colleague, That which he fliould fpeak to was to 
confift of two Charges.'' 

. * They&j?,G?ofB and fordid Bjibenr. Tbc/«fl*ia; 
For procuring t{ie good Orders of the Court' of 
Ay ards to be altered : For that this was done by h\» 
principal Procurement, to the Deceit of. the 
K^gi OpprefHon of the Subjei^ and the Enrich- 
ing of his own Servants. He would begin witR 
^efcn^ng to their X^rdflups .the Bribery. Hero 

''*** fmu; GkkcviUhiKE^j: &)r€iicaijiftuK«m Thhigi^ 
fe £ttdt wareitfcs Shidbm to Pi£hi«s) ta fet i^etttf 
wt'm Mia Rc^efiditatiotn i but h««lit' h6 ph>£ 
Ini&L'tt bbfeiw ikflM "Siitfikic. 

^ J^"**!. D cernpd fais Skill properly whifch Wras Kfoiclto* 

KlSr<l0e)^I<«*^<>f the Subfiayabi laipcrfEt o£ (h^ 

Gohik fniiu^WntttwUlcttt&lbaPJB«Krt«ftltt?Htt]|(> 

Fann, jfniis H . j^dr. at 44,60b /: . ycarl]'' Uetitf 

Wd fda 50,ooaA Fihb; with a Cw^aht frdtil 

tiic Kihg; th«£ no mo^ Impoft flioiildbe lald^iu^ 

ilig dieir I>ea& ; bccxtafe tfaat ^w]* ^tflw tlut' ll(A 

' Sopolt would- cWBTtkrow UieU Traile. 

' Yet the Fahnoa wei« hot coittetir. wltli tMT 
Covenaht for tljeir Money ^nd thdr Tmle, ('fit^ 
Maabr IB thels Plbwj anX Trade didr Lift)- tHew 
<te£i« tlw Addition of tbc Ifing^s Word fbr thS 
Cereikant. Accradingljr they h&d AceefV ttf^ dn# 
ICt^^ and ds CovtBaat ma oohfiaaed' asd n»3 
geotel by. fatnv T^r^ Jt^d, id die PMlwice of ttu» 
bwd Tieafurer. Ttacil di«y dtoughti tbcndkli'e* 
in Tulst anddnt tb^ did iii Fef4» lamg^ fi«# 
feHn all StnnbB and TempefEk;^ ' 

* Bat bdioUi >M iGai, the Arft Thitig^ Hiji 
lirfod did in his Office^ wu the layiAgof vM. cjcttemtf 

inpcA- of %l. f€r Ton upott- the A'Mcft Witeu 
tttudi the King^ ^i tvitx\ of hit CowHant; coiM 
ttot^amlj&y'imAliofbisWwdi WtmM flat Atftiy 

* this ltafi£v3Loa ms ^alnft ^offiew die 6<>< 
tenant, and dtelt<ffiour of die Klfig. The Kii^ 
fitrely, had he been rightly Mbrtn^ v«uU' tove^ 
liavc done ii' 

* tTpon dn« the ' fiuik, ahddK^ becatse 
Suitors te Mb Lordfhip for Rdififj for teii iSBatlS:^ 
together ; but with 00 SnccsA/ 

* In Aiiehathnart 1612, they pe t rt i oned MiLord^ 
&ip, that the trade vras overburdened^ and theio^ 
fclvcs quite undtme. It is a Rule^ that a GoBUno^ 

' dity. oretbttfdeaed enncbetti not the Kbi^ bui 

L.(KH^|C . 

^Iiile deftrmth the Tiadt; hut boeof thejrhare Ai> Biitdn^ 
fcoSucceli/ *'•* 

< Then &ie^ pvfer a Bill of Ridit a«uoft the 
King in the & afa cquef» becauie M the nreach of 
Covenant : But to this the; covii obtain no An^ 
fwer in Jtdiehaeimm Teroo. The King'i Attorney 
knew well enough of the Bill, but could nut fof . 
his Heart devtfc an AnArer fiu it.' 

* In Decemier 21^ 162a, 'the Term is oit* 
fhey axe out of tiieir Mone/i and tlie Tradi ta 
gone. Tbeyrwpeaiy theicfoiCi to the Fountaia 
of JuHice, the King's Majefty. The King is very 
gracious to them, and uid, G«d forbid that tM 
Men fixuld hfi hy him. }{» inewn othing of this, it 
toat the Lord Treefurer^f. jiH and Devici, And lb 
his Majefty allowed them » JDedu&ion of 9500 1, 
to be made to diem in. nine Yean Time. Well^ 
Ferba fuM bac \ thefe were but good and gncioua 
Words, but filled not their Purfet : Thejr mufi 

, have a Wamnt from the X^rd Tirafurer to pte 
this Favour of the King's into a pubTic Ad ; andr 
tiiis they could not obtain from Diamier to tt|c En^. 
of ?(">'■ The Men underfiand themielvas vsrjr 
well, and loc^ about them how this Stay comes : 
One of them tells another^ The Bufincfs fltckn. 
my Lord looks fer Ibmewhat : And the Man waa 
ift the rig^t, for fo the Sequel proved/ 

* Five hundred Founds Bribe was pail to Jaah 
for my Lord's U(e, and ftraightway all was well } 
the Warrant went current, and all wu pa£ng, 

* One Thing remarkable ; This was takes onC 
of the Fet^ Fannsi let down uKthcir monthly and 
jeaily Booksj and called a Gratuity j^mj/Er^w A»> 
tana Culpa. Scnne great S^ce after this, therv 
Was a Voice of a Parliament ( Oh ! £ud Sir Edwatdf 
F^liaments work wofiderful Things,) Then dis 
Lord Treafuier began to caft a Circle, and fitll to 
his conjuring. He calls ugonjaah^ and com- 
mands himto transfer it to tbcGrreatFarm. Hoo 
tras oblerveda That Su^rt^ Vtn isj io Law> an 
ArevBKltt of Guilu' 

? Bert- 


144' Tbe'^arUdmetttary History 

ia. la Juiw *■ * Here. Sir Edward alfo obfervcd, (in a Parert*' 
'6»4- thcfisj That it is a bleffed Thins of thofe that love 
Parliaments ; and that furely thisLord, of all others, 
loved them not; becaufe he cafl himfelf into dark 
Mifts, when he fhould meet them ; Nefiio qvid 
Peccati portat tfta Purgatis. This argues much 

' Then ht nominated his Witneflcs; which, he 
faid, were withgut Exception.' 

' This Bribe is proved by Hide, Daws, Bijhaf, 
and-by Abraham Jacob: The laft is a_Witnefs with 
a Witnefs.' 

' * For yacab blanched his Bribe as well as he 
could, and was taken in three notorious Falfities.' 

1. * Beingcharged, that dieMoney wasddiver- 
ed to him by Hide, he vowed he had never received 
itj yet, being'confronted with /fii^ir, he confeffci 

■ it:— There was one.' 

2. ' He pretended he had received the Money, 
bnt gave his Bond for it. Hide affirming to his 
Face, the Bond was for other Money, and no 
Bond at all for this; then hclikewifcconfefled thisr 
-There were two.' 

3. ' He faid he never had any Warrant to enter 
the fame in the Petty Farm ; yet, afterwards, he 
avowed he had : — Arid this is the third Falfityi*- 

* IJere.Sir' 'Edward obfcrved, That yaceb was* 
my Lord's neceffary Creature and petty Chapman, 
and had a Son that was his Secretary ; and, becaufe 
hewas-a Jacahi that is,' a Siipplanter, he defired 
their Lormhips tg take good care of him.' 

' About the. Beginning of this Parliament my 
Lord fent for ihhyaeoli ; alked him. If he had en-' 
tered this Monev m the Petty Farm ? he faid, Yea. 
Then (aid my tofd. Go aboUt it prefently, and 
fee that the Cfecquets, and all Things elfc, be fup- 
prefled in the Petty Farms, and that this Money bp 
removed to the Great Farm ; for I would have all 
hid and fuppreffed, ' Here Sit Edward obferved. 
That fordid Bribery is like Adam, and would fain' 
get fome Fig-Leavesj if it coiild teH but where to' 

■ ' 3 « Up©9 


-^HN G1..ANB. I4J 

t * Upon th^Dclivay of thi? Charge l»» Was Je- An. it J»»m : 
Bred by his Friends) to the Lord Treafurcr* they, " **'♦- 
of the Houfe of\Cominons cxpeAed an Anfwer of 
fame rare Wit ; for fo this Ki^leman was repute^ ' 
in that Houfe: Bu\his t^nUhtp deceived their £x- 
pC^ation {' for he d^dared it was utterlyi in ev^rji 
- Point, he would not /ay falfe, but furely iintTu«.' 

* Four Things he denied ast he was a ChriJ}ian\ 
Rnd thefe Were all dire£Uy proved and made good 

■ againfthim.' 

* And (b miich was delivered, agajnft: the firff 
Bribe. The fecond Bribe was of a ftrange Strain : 
And both th^fe Bribes were received i>y him in th« 
Quality of a Treafurer.' 

' The Fanners of the Great Cuttoms were to 
' r^new, their Farms, and put in Security of 4S,obO'/. 
Rent, July 29, 1622.* 

* Here Sir Edward (i^iA he woula not enlarge 
hiihfelf i ^ the Bujinefs lay in a .narrow Koomi 
The Bribe is "the Point.' 

* I^Iy Ix)rd liked the Sureties well ; butYorae of 
Aem fell aSj- and my Lord would not accept of 
the reft; andysooA of the RantwaS referved ftw 
* Yearand aQftatter. After Delay of their LeafeJ 
and 500/.. in Goad paid unto him by the Hands o^ 
yacetf th^n the Security formerly reiefted was now 
acG^ted : Which A£t of his Lordlhip the Knight 
confuted by thi£ ^llogifm. 

* The Sureties were fufficknt, or infu^t^ient; if 
fufficient^ the Brihe->#as too much, and the Farmers 
opptefled ; if infufficient, the Bribe was too little, 
Rn4 the Kin^ was cozened.' 

* The fecond Bribe was proved by ff^ol/ienhelme, 
Garrawaj, ^lliams, and, |f you pfeafe, Jbrahgm 
Jacth i and (b, much of thefe; two' Bribes taken iri . 
the Capacity of a Treafurer.* 

* Now he, comes to the Court of Wards, and 
Ibewed, That the Lord Treafurcr's Offences here- 
in areof a rate Strain. Firft, the Knight noted, by 
way of. Preface, Thai HonoSt the Honour, muu 
be given to him that defcrvcd it. All the sp94 
'. -Vol.. VI. ■ K Atllice 


I4<i Ti^ ParBa^erttary Hi9'^o-4v 

I. i» Ja^T. Artifice iwfeafi^tfl^e^ Trjafiirer Salivary. tTlCM 
*'**• Were Amcfts-ipvefiteiJ ttet he(ped the'King toiU 
his Revenues, and'tie^ the Officers- ro tiicir owH 
Fees and Places. , "t%t; King's Revenues prolpa^ 
well then : An3iliefe Aitidesj by the Advice lA 
ttrc Judges, wwe corifihrtcd pnder the Great Sed;* 
■* \Vhcn this laft 'Lord came to be Mafter of 
that Court, (for now, faid the Knight, he is not 
chained as a Lord, hut a Maflerl he complainiij 
he had no Eibow-Rootn for thpfe Articles; h« 
was too muchbourid'by them ; ' (and Sound he tWs 
indeed) and therelbre he ptwjeSts new Articles! 
And tliefe new Articles are charged wHth high Ex- 
tortion ; for in tfaem arc raifec! double Fees : QnC 
Fee the Surveyor fotpicrly had, and ftill retains jiift- 
fy, another paralJel Fee to this tny Lord hdth riSfeii 
unjuitiy and oppreffuigly.' . 

* For ExtortioTi jsr a grievous and conAitnlng 
Enormity in a Common -Wealth, h wis 'tIA 
greatefl£vil the High God could forefee would befS 
the Enernies bf Go^."' Let the 'Ex^irttMer^ anfimu 
vjhat he bathy anJ' the Stranger tlfKikr-'iHt Lt^mrl 
Pfalmcix. ver- lO.' ' ^ / 

* In.thefe Articles" his Lordfiiip rrcktcd anew 
Officer, a Secretary. Thechief Prtccedings.thCTe 
go by way df Petition. In'the- fortner Aitlcks 
Ihefe Petitions were reteived-by flieCtJurt, and m- 
iered by the Clerk without any Fee, and fo werfi 
ta be found on Record : But, in the new Articles, 
this new Officer is to receive thefe PetJtioii.Si and 
may, for any Rule to the contrary, fupprefs than; 
and, .for Jus Fee, he taketh what he plea^th y and 
Jt is proved he hath taken lO /. 2o7. 4 /. 5 /. three 
i>iflies of Silver, and the like : He is -altogelhe? 
unlimited, unlefs, peradventure, his' Oath doth 1h 
mit him.' 

. * Anotbei: Chaise in this Court is this Abufe, vix. 
Tbe Lord Treafurer's Place requJKS a whole Man^ 
and fo doth the Mafterfliip of the Court of Wards j; 
.whereupon his Lard&ip was ^in (as unaUe to weiU 
thofe two great Places) to invent a new Bericc, a 
Stamp e\'en with hit ovrn Name, AUddUJix : Now* 


this Hand midvo iaid piiies the Seal Qf '^ ppuik An. 9t>*iiiH')^ 
^^d^M«r«, bemg ^ricl by fhe HaB^ (7k yoiing ^"*- 
SccreUry^ nlsy Dfodpn ftoiW Coiffuuetices.' 

any K[>ig A^S t\i^T A 5ubila to uft a 

' Olil Loir^ Scirf^' Tirx^ z S^^p, bocaufe of 

* King /fo»y Villi bad aifQ a Stamp i :6ur,Jbfr 
ftrttw Ufc W' cmifliWM'^inbtlwr; aif Aft tf Par- 

* ,^ *wil<i colitJ^ vnmone Exa^ci 

ff-i. WaHbe hat'fi^jipd wfthiri one Yeir; hip is 
fwutcdconccalfi'i andfo fiJIsWhiri HW"'x))fpoIS 
** Mie-M;** of thtf Cbuit of 'Wards : ?;(bw, by tlw 
Secretary's Jcecpbig of jhis Snynp ^d pftitioris, ' m 
i^ fo ca^' tic WMtcrj'tliat any.Ward miiy 
Hw&cwicedea ; arid Hm U p-ttietnaK PoftiJHtf. 
He brougbt. riJs Ini^wj 4 poft a4 tffe'. 

* MyLmra'i'Sxrrarvhatb put to, and ufed ^his 
S^^-for, the dp ftriM (if wi CJfi^te for Haifa 
YFjr^; Mjd jt !s AeiTt^ goipSJc Ir may be .dpni 
Bw a.ytttJe Year:' 

5'- *^The I^nlgbt fejd he never krtew any Man be- 
Ibie ttiift a Stamp, ifl the Hand of another l^atu 
dcM|>tnand t^e King'f ^eV^niie. ' 

* He concluded this Pbfnt; with this ^Jbftrva^ 
tipn, "litM Tp.y Lprd was a ^rt raifcd, vcty high j 
^ yerjf lately; ^d "fSf TExf^eftatiop pf Service; 
*n«4t ,the Kin^ hid been veiy teneficl^l xo him : 
^aa^fiir Him to be fo fiip5ne in the King's Revenlie, 
'4^ fpyii^ant fa JtTs* <o4ni, iit>is the ihighcft In- 

- fitfi itgrtrtmft Srtrht aiBnia daifii. 

• "* Here the Enight prefled itpgti him tus Thvgc 
Oath's, taken as Miller of the Wards, as,ChanceU 
Iar> iuld as Lord Trcaftirer.' , ■ ' , 

J. As Mafter of the Vfaiiiy Teu flmll well and 
k-mtf ftrfe tbt Kits and Pe^. 


J 48 72r FarKamettt^ H i b To R T 

TaaJhaUtruhf eiunfil tbt Kii^. 
He did not fo, witnc& the Articles of O^tt&oth 

' You fiall ^ Right U all Men. 
Impoffible )k Ibould do fo, with the Stamp, add- 
thefe Articles. - 

2. The fecond Oath, as Chancellor, Ttu/baK 
hoHejiiy, {agood old Wordiyw)?/^, taU trulj cna^4 
tbt King, '.''■• 

Not So, in this Itojwikioii, which -came alMie 
out oT his Qiiiver; and was advifed i^ainft.dic 
King's Covenant, and the King's Word. 

3. The third Oath, as TreaTurer. ■ YsufiiqUvKtl 
and truly ftrot tbt King-ami People. . 

He doui not io that deniex or delays dieSi^ed j. 

for every Delay is a Denial. 

, An old Canon of- the Llw is* 

Null! vtmUauSy nuBi mgahmaiy -nnB SfftTtmut 
Teujhall truly counfettht King in t£ Things, ■ 
Ju(^, your Lordmips, whether this Lord did lb| 

that gave him Counfel to break bis Word. . 

* Sir Edward Coke {a) (this learned Knight) taH, 
That all this he Ipake by Command ^ and fo he' 
pr^ed their Lordfhips to weigh it well, with due 
Coiifideratipn, and to give Judgment acc<»djiOS-to 
the D^ciits of the Caufi;.' 

Sii Edviin Sandys {h) proceeded to this £fie£l, viz. 
Ami iMondtdbj! ^ The Knights, CitiztCns and Burgefles in Ae 
Si[Z<jwinSaiid7i.XK)Wcr Houfe of Parliament affembW, had com- 
manded him (undefirous of any fuch £m|doyincnt) 
to fecond this Charge to-thcirXoidfliips: Th^t he 
was undefirous thereof, for he hxd rather ddehd 
the Innocent than difi^ever the' Ciiilpabte; yet be 
was.tbeSon of Qbedtence, and muH perfornv wbat, 
'by that Houfe, he had received in Command. , 

* To decypher out this great Lord, uponwhoiv 

' ' , the 

{ai} Itii runirkable tbat theft Mfo C«BtteilMn,'>i>poVitU't» 
jbii ChU{e1|iiiill' ths'Lord'Tn^riiiKT, fiftliguilhci^ tliunU*(S 
' gtutly.'in'thcii OppofitioB to tb COott. 'iq'tba lift. FMimcob 
SteVol.V»p. jij, 6. ... 


jf ENGLAND. t^4 

iiW'Charge lay, he wcniU give of him this ' Cha- *•• »» /»«* *•' 
rafter to your Lordflii|R.' ■ ***♦• 

Nifcia Mens Hominum ejl, Fatique tgnara futurif \ 

Etjtrvari Modum Rebui fuhlata ftainMs. 

* The Want" of Mcafijrc and Moderation moff 
Men complain of in this great Pcribnage/ 

* /That he would make his Entrance with two 
Ptoteftatiptts ) which{asyouknow)are£xclu(ionit' 
not intended Conclufions.' 

' *,Hisfirft Proteftation, That in this Crimination 
againft new ImpoUtions* and Impofitions uppn 
Impofltioas.— -The Houfe of Commons intended 
not to queflion the Power of ImpoCng claimed by. 
the King's Prerogative. This they touch not uppn' 
ROW ; they continue pniy their Claim, and wheo. 
they Ihall have Occafion to difpute it, they will 
do It with all due Reganl to his Majel^, Statute, 
and Revenue.' 

* For this Time, he defircd the Word Impn/ttios^ 
mig^t bcforbom, and the Word OppreJJan Vits^ 
Up in lieu thereof ; yet wirfi a Reference to the 
Lord Trcaftjrcr only, but in no Means to the King,'- 

* TTie fecond Pftjtcftadon, TTiat they intend to. 
lay none, no not (he leafi AfpeHion upon fhe 
Councti-Tabje, or any one Member diereof, the 
Lord Treafurer only excepted.' 

* The Houfc of Commons temain fblly fatislied 
<Aiat be was the Sa^ Propoundcr.' 

* Thcfe Proicftations p'remiled, he branched the' 
Oppreffiohs into three Natures, ufed in the Wines, 
Sugars, and Grocery- Wares." 

' And he promifed to ufc this Method to difco- 
ver, firft, foifae General Matters, then fall to Par-: 

The Generals are two '■ ■ , ■ 

, * The firft, Th? Ho^fe of C^punons conceiye, 
dut my Lord Treafurer cannot be ignorant, that. 
in the Lay of the firft ImpoCtion, in the Time of 
tbe.Earlof fa/t^Stfr^, it was promifed, inrbcBanr 
^ucting-Houfc at Whttehed!, That his Majt^y 
would never lay any more Impbfirioh upon Com-i 
roodiues, without the Coolent of the People.'' 

■ ■ ■ . K3 / *Th«' 

*.sibiMiI. * The ffcpnd General^ That my l«rd. |JWf 
'^H' fiirer kheiir well that, in that AfieOibly of I^i 
liamcnt,. Cornplaint was made ia the (.owefHoiirc, 
that the Overburthenln^ bf fraclc was the Pc;Ar%y- 
iag it {. and that he was himfclf employed, fay tfia 
Houfe tb.the King to pegptlatt ior ^^d[s,theit4 
in i and he prpmiftd tber^ that he would fna^ 
\i his Mafter-Wort,' ' . 

' ^uid iHgnupt tanti^farit hU PramjMr, 

* The I^e of all was this, foi hi? Lord^blpiQ 
dtevife new Butdiens,' 

* Thefe were the two 'Genefalsj. from thefe tjw 
Knis^t defcend«d to Paiticulan^ and hegao vrit^ 
die Wines.' 

' * tie put thur IvOrdiOirps in KmemheraBi;*, ■ ^^ 
the Merchant Had the Kinsfs Covena|it under Seali, 
and Promife by his Koyal Word, to l«jt no further 
iinpdttiorts ; They had H.eafon to ifcfire it; for 
,they p^d a great Fine -and Rent for the. Farm, 
which your Lordlhips knew beft ; yet for jl_ d»f 
li^yanuarii, 19 fatebi Migis, there i£iicd forth 2 
Privy Seal of impofing 3 /. pef Tun on the Frmch 
Wines i a grievous Imposition in the Mattery yet 
worfe in the Manner : For if it ^ad h^n juft, yet, 
in Equin;, it {bould have been laid beiorei^e V^^ugift 
undettklLeii,' and the Vintage made | then Jt, had 
been Icnowniandi if linowiit the Merchants {as they 
a^med i(i die Houfe of ConHnons} had &yed at 
|lome, deferted and given up Trading.' 

* But this Impolltion was. not laid tUl ayoo ThU 
df^ Wine ^ere arrived in the Ri^er of Thames-;, and 
yet the Lord Treafurer gave Command, that no 
Entry thereof be made in the Cuftom-Ifoufe until 
Seciiritywas taken topay this iotoleraWelmpcfiiicn,* 

* He left your Lordihips there to conlidur thdr 

* I. Ships all laden wiUl tiiis pcrifhing Coei*- 

'2. Great iindexceffivelicaking^ b]^bet|)gUpgft 
^ River, and Ahufc in liiB i^jfage.' 

* 3- Thirty Shillings fur Tim formerly impofej 
by the JJwAifcrj.' 

: ,; *4. 'Twenty 


«/• E N GL A N D. liji 

* 4. Twenty ShiHJBgfcJrr Tua laid by tlie An. Hi*<^- 1.*. 
Mnchaats, for cbcii' &v«WApparel uk«n away % ''°^ 

, the AxAf/fTi.'' .-^ 

* 5. This 3 /, ptr TuA to All 1^ die Me^uie 
of their Affli£tionfr.' 

. : * Yet, tnfbsd of Compafion in thit Extremity, 
i»cfa las refufed to. pay, *ere o^fled at double 
tike Impdb ; others, wfao could »ot put in Bonds, 
9&a .Aipericy »f Latigu;^, and ^icipnuig to the 
King, were committed to PurfuivafU* l yet ths _ 
King's Privy-Counotl B&d the Merchants honour- 
aUy; for they Teat for the Viiltners, and, to help 
the Merchants ^^ ruM the Wine a Penny ina 

-*-Notw>thftanding thii llie McrchaKts fell int? 
the Hands of Cuflooiers, who ufed ibem rigo- • 
roofl^, .and they loft great Part of their Princi|»I;, 
Firft, They paid balf of this ww Impofition in 
hand, and gave Security to pay the other halfi 
aftdr\^ai'iis, the Payment was divided into three 
Parts, and fecured by UtA M^n^bAnU aoGordiHgly. 
On the 20th of Juguji following, WMtbet' Privy- 
Seal Was iflucd to determine the former ; yet 40 s. 
only of this Impofittoti waj takes off thereby, and 
30 J. laid on the French Wines partiaUy. and with- 
out Limitation} vi%. 20 i. the Tun iof Londeiif 
and 13X. and 4^ for the Out-^orC% whereof 
the Londoner complained ; and it was in&ited in thfc 
Privy-Scd, to be at the humble and vQlitntary , 
Aflent of the Merchants ; which ia abfolutBly de-, 
lued, for they only confented to pay 20 r, the 
Tun, until the RemaindCT of the former Impo- 
iMDn, fo fecured as aforefaid, were paid, and no 
laager ; yet they were haunted by Purfuivants till 
they had pud; and they complain they areundone> 
iinlefs their Bonds b&deltverad up. They furdier 
complain. That they do pay for their Trade CM. 
ptr Cent, and (hewed the Particulars, viz.' 

' One Merchant had p^d 800/. to the King /or 

his Part in a fhort Tin»e, and now UsaWe to pay 

Wy nmre,*— — Here the Knii^t.laid, That he 

K 4 would 


J $i' ^ Parb'ementary Hi s a? o n v 

4n. II jjim^i. would willingly fuppref&^lutfi^ovs, for Aten 
i^ bity pf Speech is nq ^teVAer sf good Blood : But . 
ffae Commons had commanded him to fptak it, 
and to declace fWther, That 'th6 Merchants com-: 
pared their Sufferings under thefe Impofittons, ti^- 
the Sufferings of the old Ifratlitu in Egypt,, T^hen 
they were commanded to rtaks Brick with left- 
Strav^ ; and generally confefs, that they would -' 
dHve twice as much Trade, if theip Trade wen - 
pot overburthened.' 

* Hereupon they thought they had fuffidcnt * 
Ground to complain I this being diflienmirablc to ■ 
the King and oppcdSve to the People, the King's 
Promife, Word, and Covenant being violated; 
thefe Impofil^ons, double the Value, being giievoU^ 
to the Subje£V and fearful to Pofterity ; for befides . 
the old Impofttion, by Statute, upOn Wines, thax 
arc three more upon one another.' 

* Ml qvis erat ^odu^y of feeding ^ipon Trade,' 

f Hare ended -the Complalpt touching ths Impor 
, f tion on WineSk* " ' 

* Then he prooceded to the Complaint of the • 
Jjtafe of Sugars procured . by the I^rd-Trea-; 
/urcr, viz. - ' • 

' -That whereas Gtmrge Herriet hdd the . FartQ . 
of Sugars, upon a Rentof 10,000 Marks ptr An- 
pvii, the Lofd-Trcafurer procured 'him to furren^ - 
der that Leaie, and obtained a pew Leafe thereof, 
unto two of his Lordlhips Servants to his own 
pfe, at 2C00 /. fer Annum for, the fame.' 

^ What Merits had bis Lordlhip, in the great tx~ 
tretne Want of Money, as to draw from his M*t , 
jaftyfogreata Rtward as 4000/. per Annum fat. 
2 1 Years ? But the Commons Complaint herein 
is of a Kigher Nature,' . , . 

* Thatthie King having granted, that thS Met-., 
chants importing any Merchandize, and payingthe 

• , Duties for the fame, if thev export the fame within i 

13 Months,, 'th'eir-tihpofition is.reftowdi .This is; 
obferyed in all other Mefchandizea fave that of Su- 

^. E N GL AND. 153 

ffm, TbeReafonispIuniifjrourXiOKllliipslEDOit Ak m^uiI.. 
who is the Farmer (tf it,' . '*M» . 

_ * The Con}inon$ further coiqplained. That the ■ 
lyord-XreaTurer had turi}e4 the Compolidon for 
Grocery it)to sui . Impofltion ; which bu Lordihip 
■did, tfidiout any Warn[ft> iv))cret>y be . ufurped 
Kegal Authority.' 

* That the City of Lmdtn had, yielded to a. 
Coinpofition for Grocery, but the OutrPoru re* 
filled, and e^teciajly Hbp City of Bridal; and that 
ID the Lord -Treafurer SaUJoury's Time, Jnno ii, 
yacehi, that Qity had a PecfC^ in {he Exchequer, 
^at they (hould be freed from any fuch Compofir 
fion, upon condition to yield to Purveyance itf, 
Kind}, when the Kin^ or Queen conies within 20 
Miles of tlieir City; which Purveyance cofl them^ 
9oo/. when the QgRn'$ Majdly was thqre. 
Neverthelefs the Lord-'Treafurer had dire^ed hisi 
Warrant, to levy a Compolttion upon the Mer- 
chants of that City and the other Out-Ports, 
again^ their Will;, with Commandment to ftay 
(hJe Laiviing of their Goods until it be paid.' 

' And this, he faid, was the SubAance of their 
cryittg Complaint ; wliat more can they fay, but, 
with wife King Sobmtn, If ibsufeeft the Opprejfun 
ff the Patr^ andviolent Perverting of JuJ^nt and 
jtifiice in a Provina, marvel rut at it ; , for he that 
ft bightr tba^ the higheft regardtth, an4 there he higher 
t^ hti Eccl, V. f.' 

* Their Complaint is of an high Lord, the Liordk 
.Treafurerj bijt your Lordfhips are higher than wej 
^e King higher; apd God higher than all ; whofe 

Juftice your LordQiips execute. This Juftice 

fhey, hitmbly and in l^antly, demand ofyourLord- 
jhips againft thefe Oppreifions.' 

This Riport being ended, the Lords took into 
their Cqniideration how to proceed in the BuTi- 
ncfs, and then referred the Examination thereof 
to tl)e Sub-Committee on Munitions, i^c. adding 
tft thj£ feiij ^pmniiltee the Lord- Keeper, the Lord- 
Steiwrd, the Biflwp oi Bath and IVells^ tde LonJs 
■. ■; 'fFent- 

^^ 5!&f Par^amntaty History 

' aL-W j««il./^5Wi»9rtA and Spmctr: Tint their Lordfliips xmf 
»***•■ divide thanfelveg into fcveral Committees^ if tfeejr 
pleaf^ for expediting this Buiinefa ; and trUj tebd 
far ztiy Witnefiea to be fworn here in Court, A« 
ttiay conduce to the Examination thereof, 
■ JfpHl 17. We hear mo time of the Lord-Trea- 
furer's Afiair forfome Tipie, the feveral Comtnk* 
[. tees of Lord* being bufy in examining Witneff&s, 
ifl fupport of the Charge the Commons had cjflii- 
bitetj againft him. But, this Day, another Confe- 
rence was required, By a Meflagc from the LiHds 
to the Commons, in order, -at they &id, to cJeaf 
tSme Doobts that had arifen concermi^ the Bfetcb 
pf flie Treaties, This MefG^ was agreed to, 
and the Cohfereticp lir^s ^ be jn ^e Fainfed (Acm- 
fvt hninediatdy. 
' Upon thjs the Dtdte of Brnttingham ^t up ftnd 
— — owa's^ acquainted ^e HouJF with a LeH<ir, wrttten from 
«f ImUwI, Ac I<onl-Dq>utv of Irthntdf unto the L<h4 fSiif 
chtfttTy concerning the Weaknefs ahd imminent 
pznger of that Kii^otn : And alfo With tMeU 
iigence fron Mr. Trtanhett, the King's Agent at 
Bruxihj concerping the Vaynf "nd Threats «of 
the Adv^ary, nw (Trace alio opened to their 
tionlfllips the Danger of 2 War in Irr{fhul\ and 
that the fame may be prevented by a War of Di- 
verlion in the Enefny's Country ; and ^t tbe 
Couftfel given his Majefty t6 break f^ the Treaty 
wjU [irove dangerous, if he be not f^ppHcd «wt 
Means to undertake a War. 
' " J TTic l-ords agreed to acqu^nt the Common* 
with this Bufincfs, and that t4ie King had f«nt t, 
Di^Kiteh into SjPa/n, according to his Majel^'s Ibt^ 
ifiM JntJmttion, for the Difloliition rf the tWft 
■ Treaties. 

April 2«. The Houle of Lords was adjourned 
itvdi Smurday the 17th to this Day, on s Motion 
of the Prince, becaufe the Funeral of llie Dak* of 
RMhnmd was to be performed on MMdef. Thi« 
Lord, who was Coufm-German to the King, died 
oh the ftrft Day of this Parliament, as hia '4teDll 
Wort related. 



^ ENGLAND; tjj 

f^ ^nl-Treafwer's CMfc, tcbdnng Aith Mm- )4^ 
ters as (hsdl be dniuided I7 t|te Houft<, or tny 
Committer i^>p(4nwd V 4m& Andj die Mxt 
Da^i feventfui more were fWom on the 4aie Oo- 
gaTkUi, Nothing inoce if Mttiunt WM doHti tSEt 

. Ob that Day, after fwearin^ twenty-^^ MoiW 
WitQeScs in dw Trexfirer') Catife, »« rcati^ lie) 
Ktil^sAnfwer to the Petition agaiait Po^^r, ftb^ 
ajreadv gjvcn t the ArcfaUfliop of Cniin^itf^ lew' 
p«fted to the Houfc, That the CobtmilKeia^ppeiM^' 
Pi to examine iato the Codiidauit ajMinft iheL^it^ 
Treafurer, had ttxtt, and examined 4rers WhAeS^^ 
who f»cre fwom bete in die Hocfa^ ^uid lad ttiaUt 
a CoUc^on of Pan of dv Gud Chat^ » irfifdt 
^, Attamey read in the Foin ibttmolng i 


fi ^HE Farmers of die PtttjrFkrtnsirf Wine* 

J ?nd Currants, having fidhitifed great Lo& ' 
)* thdr Fanns, by an Impoft of 3/. per Tiin rf 
Wines newly ftt, were long and inftam Suitx>rs to die 
pord Trcafurcr for Relief > but finding fiohe, ei- 
Ubited dicir Bill into the Exchequer, arid after- 
.^nrds a Pcdtion to die King, for Reparation of thcic 
^fsi to which having received a gracious Ari- 
ficer from his Majefty, the Lord Trealiirer agreed 
Wtd) them upon a Recompence of 9500 /, to be 
ddidlced by 1000 /. per AHHuiti out of tHcir Rent i 
yet , after this Agreement made, he [Irotra^led their 
Warrant about fix Months, and, ill the End^ tpofe 
of theOi a Bribe of 506/. fbr their Difpatch,whk:Ii 
was fet upon the Account of the Petty Farm** 
But fince tHe Summons of the rarlianient, tho 
feme was, by fats Lordfhip's Dti^£liAri, politd to 
die Account of die Great Farms." 

H, * The LdH Treafuttriieihg prefeitted wftfe t 
Tun of Wine, by die Faitticri Of tfle Petty CikT- 


jj6 TU- Pa^dmentary HiSto«y 

k ««. JuMf !• ^lOfn^i was jiot contented' therewith, but ex^ed 
I4i4<' Money, of them allb} wbotwere thereupon drafriv 
tQ give himiioo/.' ■■: 

l\\, f. The- Farmers' of &e Great Farm-having,' 
' hy: their l^eafe, covenanted to givie Security for this . 
Payilient of their Rent, divided .;heir -Farm' into- 
32 Parts, appointing every Partner to give Secilrity' 
tti. 1500 /. for.iencry Part.. Ffve of the Partners 
i^IInqui&ing their Parts, the -Security fell fhort - 
lyipl- 'Wbeieupon the foiir Patentees, refuming- 
t^fe £ye Parts to themfelres,' . tendered their owa- 
Sfic^rity i which his Loiddnp agreed to accept, yet ' . 
pioti^cd -about, ^irce Quarters of a Year, until ' 
^eygwehim soo/.forhisDifpatch, And where- . 
a« his.I/Ofrdllup pretends, hy^ AnTwer to the Houfe 
Qf.tknnmonSy. that he had this 500/- and the other' 
5130 /. Brft nwiaianed: ih one entire Sijni, for four- 
thirty-two Parts of tiiat Great Farm, it appeareth 
his Lordfhip iad no Parts at all in that Farm,' 

IV. * George Herriot having the Fanfis of Su- 
gars upon the Reiit of 1000 Marks per jfrtnum, the 
Ijord TreafHTer procured Herriot to furrender -diat* 

'Leal^ } and, to efTe^ the fapie, gives Qrder for tfie 
Payment of 14,865/, Aac to jlerriot for Jewdsj- 
all which was paid between the 15th of December^ 
1621, and the 10th of January following. Th^ 
Leafe was no fooner furrendered, but the faid Treaf ■. 
iurer procures a Leafe to twoof his Servants, by In*', 
denture, dated Jen. 13, 1621- for 21 Years, at 
.2000/. ^vnt per Annum; Which Rent hisLor^Qiip 
paid fo flowly, that there having only 4.000 /■ t^ierc^ - 
of grown dae fince the Leafe> 3000/, thereof was, 
paid on and llnce the 31ft of December lall ; And 
whereas the Merchants, importing any Merchan- 
dize, and paying the Duties, are freed to export 
\pithin the Year, without any new PaymerftSi that 
Ciiftom ■ was obferved in all other Farms, but 
deriied in this, for the laid Lord TreaTurer's Bfc, 
nefit.' ■ , 

V. * The Cjtyof.Zfln^ having yielded tp^a 
Cdlnpofition for Grocery Ware, which tjie Out-i- 



*/ ENGL A-NIX : .157 

PoHSt portkulariy. the City of Brifitlj reAifed^i 4a. ** Jueil. 
upon .l<Hig peb^ue and Advifeinent, in the Time ■*'*** 
<tf the TieaXvitT ^Salifiury, it was refolved they 
Ihonld not be prellcd thereto : Ncverthdeft, ^ 
. Locd Treafuier bath given Warrant to.tevythat 
CtMnpofition upon the Mercha«a of the Otit-Ports 
againft their Wilis, or elfe to ftay the Landingof 
their Goods j-whicb hatb been ^ut in Execution 

' VI. ( In Deamher, 1618, his Majefty, upon 
.great Deliberation and Advifement, did fet forth 
InftruSions, very fitting; and neceflary. for the well 
ordering of the Court of Wards: TheLord Trea- 
surer becoming Mafter of the Wardsj and}, for his 
own privatp Gains, aiming at an Akeration. of 
thofe Inftruftiofls, iirfl: procured aKeference to di- 
vers of the Council to c'oniider thefe^fr-yetait^ 
.waved that Reference;} and, by hisi^ji Power 
.and^reatnefs- with theOfficers of thp-pow«, {th<f 
muc^ agiunjl; their, Wjlis) and by Mifinformati(>ii 
;of) his Ai^ajefty, ^thp^" much to the Difadvantage of 
the King and SubjeA) in the Year 1622, prgci^rcs 
j)ew Inftru^on&i - thereby taking thp Petitions fropi 
|the Clerlcof the Co^rt, and appropriating them to 
himfelf and his Secretaiy, who takqs great Reward? 
of the Subject for pflocuring Anfvfcrs to the fame^ 
-and,, by Colour of th<jfc,newInftruftion8, he dou- 
bles Fees of Continuance of Livencsj, and, having 
ccoicealed the himfelf, he. may eafily 
' 'make Waidihips congeded by the Courfe of the 
new Inftrn^ione-' , . 

..; - '. Alfo he Irath made a Stamp, and delivered tbp 
,£une tohisSecretarytobetifedi; thereby,unlawfully, 
-rating into die Hands of his Secretary the gre^teft 
.Part of the Ppwar apji-Truft appertaining to theO^- 
* fice of Mailer of thp Wards. TJbis,the.Spcrerary hath 
ufcd, ftamping therewith, in the Abfenca- of the 
Mafier, Tenders, Contint;ances, Warrants to the 
X}reat:Seal, Gpantf of Waidftiips apdlseafes,' In- 
;dei^res of LnveriesJ £^c. And v(hereas, hya 
■.PdvvSeilot i-'iJacobi. there wassn Allowanoe > 

,. ■'■ 4 '' . ' fetti^ 


i^a §& PiifkaHentiry ttlSToit^ 
4fc*0^^teftM4br4hedFdiQariFoFtlieOSceo^ OMtn^ftxTi 
■"' whictl, beW put out,of Order inthe Time ofSJr 
lhg& paiSfinf in Aiaie 1617, the Lords,- iipsW 
lUferehceftomhisMf^tftyjfct, uilder'tfierlr Hafi^i 
« t*i3pf(rtloi^ both for prefeht SupjJy attH fotijie 
^^'(^dtl^brttikt Office; But his Lohldijp, hf^tig 
Tiw^erfertRc Space of two Yeara and a Hw* 
%«4i dbfervnl tione oF(hdeProport!ons or Efeblift- 
Incnts { ^hereby the Stores arcj in efied^ Wh^iy 
%nfiimi«tedi^ ' , '^ " 

* And tkete ^tii^ a Goiitrajl made vnA Mr. Bv^ 

Mhipifelf and othjr Commiffionera for' hfel 
i ftr fcrving his Majcfty with Gun-Powdcil^ 
l»riiig a B^gaiti of high i^oHfequeiiCe to harebccil 
kept, his Ldrdfliip hath alio m^Iefted ahd brofceii 
that Bargain, to ^c Hazard of die l£ing;dotn and 
Prtjudice Of the King/ , ' 

* Ifie hath alfp made oiilaWKil Sarg^tis ^ itie 
Landi of Sir Ji«f^ pa^^ ; ^betciil^ for eboi^t, 
fing thoTe Lands* he hai contracted to dp h^ £n'- 
tdc^noor to procure Pa^tnent of 8000 i- 0/ <i|d 
Anean, (w^h he perfonned when he b^cXmii 
^reafUrcr) and tb pay fol- the Land with mknijl 
tfi BuoBcts and Suits to the King ; aAd, iti^xcj^ 
cular, a Suit, for compounding With ras MajefWs 
Cop)%oldeK t^Waiefidi\)f hiOi&Sf, mor^ iotio/i 
And, having agreed with Sir Therms ^alUfiti apjl 
tf^e Oflicen ^f3ie Ordnance, he, to gain, indiredly^ 
dndhv opprtiTtve Means, an Eftate which Sir iitf^ 
nr BalSfiH had paOed to Sir Rhhard Smi0 9xii 
Sir %Aff i)OTji, he fetteth on Foot an Ottdawiy of 
Wv ^trefr baOiftnt anJ diereby (lifp«aelte\h^ 
fiiSan Smilh and Sir Jokn Davy, vnio had ^fieeH 
'^n Po g e ffi on, by a Trial at LaW ; ufing the Powv 
fif his Place, and Countecance of lite^in^S'Se^ 
Vice, to wiieft thpm out of a Leafe-and J^tne o^ 
great Value.* 

After the Reading of this, it was ordered, ThJi 
flie faid Part of the Lord-Treaftirer*s Chai^ fiiou^ 
he-fvn unto him To-Dayi And t&at be be vam^ 



nf ENGLAND.: f|9 

cdtoHf^NMrhereM AeBaf, an^iW/dGiittba ^^Ht-a^Jmrnk 
InfyiM, »t Mint in the Momiae, id vitam ib *^**< 
UMw^* if b«had Witnefi»«ob«emiiiiii4, ]« Jhi Lori tm*. 
IW^ imftm l^ir NanntothtHouJe to b^ £koAi |^^^,^^ ** 
betif««HtM« uid (hcliupepi^. And tkh is ,&id auuft ^linft 
to V^<^ 9^ ^ ^barp, be^nfe ihfre Mvatlu* >>»• 
T)iing»'t^j^flfi himvhwfa or VctinExamiutjwii 
and, when reported to the Houfe, he iUl li^ 
<}Migc4''^fa:e«4ttiT «f tkoiiglit£t. 

J§ril9!b. ThcMdreDgniCbsitvmfinttodai 
Hm- ^ Cham, (fit, tAiA» Lond^Treaifiirer, dp* 
eWed i}»y kal doneit} iiut lie give no ocfaei An* 
^irar to then ihaii, A » wU. 

ifprHi'j, After reonving eight BiBs frow tht 
CsiWBene, and doing ftune other Bufincfe, a Pev 
dtion fmoi tbs L«r£-Tnafurar wv «ud im Iuk 

To the Itjloft Hdnounble AJl^bly of the Lords 
' Sptrituil ttAd iTeinpDr^ in tlic flig^ Court of 

Tb« HuKff^ Petition of. ffae L{«o-T)»A.r 

I ' SDKSK of Epglail4' 

*^r* Hm^ ^ Namtt^^&dT^fiM (by Ax £^ WitndTo, 0«». 
A& ii)M/«v<iJ M ibt lJrprr^aS»r» JnuMhlj deJmJt ''^' '^• 
mof ht'futmaitdeicammtdfir Gifiovay of lie Trtib, 
Mfogfiitk j^iltf as b* Jbili gxmbit^ iadnttg tbijit 
Vtral Matters cantmrud in that Part .cf bis Chargr, 
wHAiaibeen dthver*d4Aiim. Fw mhub Pwtpefi 
be bimikf^r^eih Ju^ Warrmt pr lalBtginifUfi ,-,, ; ui 
ff^kk^tsy andfuti Hhers as iefimgiae Ktticreftt 
fk Gtri rf the ParUamnty jk Hu (Form ^tiit ^i 
Ceurtreqiurrth. . '. .-i 

jMfii^ball, bwittiffmpuMlftbutbeCaafithDh 
titH »f tMi rni/i htnomraUe Ha^e, ff^hetbtr ,yaw 
L»rifi>ips t^U tlxnk fit te fraceid tt Examn^n 
tf ffiltiuffes to he produeed-enhit PsTt^ bejore be 
Mb made bit Anfaur- ; tvbereif it may prfi appear 
Uyatt Ltrt^ps what Tbir^ he vM dory atid vAat 


■Ma,k*itm^aiififi-Md tntaWf m4 in- ielM Memur bev4U 
*•■** gVffWtbt'fame i mptn whicby ai upm I^ijoinedi kt 

■' ■" way particularlj iK^aahu hii . Witniffist attdf ifUr 

Ctpitt af ^1 Depofituns iahn hotb par and ^ainfi 
iuo, tot Cmfe may be prepartd far yeur l^dfinpt 

• hoMonAk jHigrniOi ^ -whiA he pntffieib tafw- 
ibir, ekbis Parti to a Hearing with' all ptjgHU Ex' 

Ladly, histnoji bumblt Stat i'l, Thaiy inr^£l ef 

■ ^ Naturt and MuUiplidty ef the Matteri t^iStd 
againft him, which d$ nectffi^tly require tb* AffyUaut 

• efleamed Catt^il^ this meft henettrahle Cturt wiU 
hefUaJtd t» ojfign the foUnuing Getulmen U be,ef 
Cnmjel vjiti him, in this Cauje tf Wei^ ft natch 
anceming him ; viz. Afr. Ihiior jSt^ward, A^. 
Richard Hide, of tie Middle-Temple, Afr., Wil, 
liam Hackwell, of Lincoln's-Inn. 


Then follow the Names of near forty Witnefe. 

This Petition being read, the Lords appointed 
a fpecial Committee to cbnfider what Anftrer 
fhould be made to it, confining of the Lord-Pre- 
fident, Lord Vifcount JUhfard, the Biteop of 
RsSeJitr, and the Lords Wentwortb^ Haujard, and 
Say, Thefe Lords having withdrawn themfelves 
IbmeTime, and being returned, the LoAl-PitCdent 
, reported to the HouTe the Anfwcr agreed on, in 

thele Words : , , 

T&eOriaof dK '- That Warrants ftiall be given fcff calling in 
B, of fuch Witnefles, whofe Names fhall be «mbi- 
ted in Writing, and thought fit by the Houfe to b^ 
examinedj thelnterrogatoriesandWitncflesNamei 
K> be fent to the Houfc To-morrow, in the After- 
noon, and the Wttne&s themfelves to appear, that 
luch of them m^y be fworn and examined as th^ 
Houfe (ball think At. 2. The Houfe. fees no 
Caufc, when the WitncfTes Names and Interroga- 
tories are fent in, why the Examination of them 
- fhould be deferred : But the Day for his App^arT 

■ anoe and AnTwsr was to hold. 3'. His Lordlhip 
i. niay 


»/ E N G L A N D. i6i 

may ufe what Council he pleafes to advifc for his An. ji J^bmI. 
pefehce ; but it ftands not with the Orders of this '**♦" 
Hpufe to allow Council, at the Bar, in Cafes, of 
this Nature. 

This Anfwcr, being read and approved, was fent 
to the Lord-Treafurer. A Memorfrndtrm is madei 
That the Earl of Bridgewater, one of the Com* 
mittee to fearch Precedents, Wr. reported, Tliat 
they could find none where 2 Member of this Houfe 
tid anfwer, byhisCounfel, to a Complaint exiiibiied 
again H him : fiut that divers Members of this Houfe 
and others had anfwered in Perfon and not by Coun- 
fel ; and that Counfel was denied to Michael dt la 
PaU, Lord-Chancellor, ^nna 10, Richard 11. 
when he required the fame. 

April ■^. The Lords being informed that the 
Witnefies, whom the Lord Treafurcr defired to be 
examined, waited without for that Furpofej they 
ordered the Uflier to go forth and enquire, whedier 
any from the Lord -Treafurcr attended with Inter- 
rogatories to be exhibited by his Lordfliip to the 
Witnefles. And, being informed there was none, 
the Lords agreed, for gaining of Time, to fwear' 
the faid Witnefles according to the ufual Oath. 

Soon after this came another Petition from the 
Lord-Treafurer to the Houfe, which was read in 
bac Verba ; 

To the Right Honourable Affemblv of the Lord» 
Spiritual and Temporal in the higher Houfe ef 

The HuMBiE Petition of the Earl'of Middle- 
sEXj Lord-Trhasurer of Sngland, 

IhfO S T humbly fliewithy Thai, acnrdirig to jtur ,^^ j^^ y„^ 
^'^ Lardjbips DireSlioni, in Anjvjtr to hii Prtilieh furer'i Peiition 
bumbly prefmud Te/lerday, hi had afteintei the fVit- " <o '""^' 
Rtjfts there namtd to attend the moft homurable Houfe ^"ij^''^^ 
this Afiemetny ie befviern le anfwer futh InlerrogO' 
taritt Mf en his Behalf y ^11 hi exhibited, 

v»i. VL ;, Sut, 


l63 The ParHcmnt/^ H I s T o K Y 

D, St Jof* L Bitty viitreat jnir Lerdfiipf diJ further dhtO 
*•*♦■ thtit tht faid hUrrtpitoriit /beuM bt frefenUd iinz 
Daj \ he m^ btmibiy defirit ymr LwJpiifi U he trufy 
ii^mrmedy that, having neglaSed m» Time fitue he rt' 
£eivedhL Charge to frepai-e bis Anfuxr, he fads the 
Matteri objt3edJii mmiy and cf fitch divert Natia-es^ 
' that he eanttat ytt, poffMj, furni/b the fatnty in ^uh 

fevfeif emd futrtictdar Adamer^ as he ottght, end de- 
fires t9 dtf^yair Lordfimps btfl SatiifaiHM, and the 
elearrvg the Matters laid to hit Ciwrge in ail Points, 
And therefore^ hit Jfifisxr being notyelready, ttpan 
' which off the /nterregaiories tmJt preperfy he grdtrnded^ 

emd without which your Lor^ips yudgtnettts »f fhl 
Peftirteneies if the Interragalwies emaiet be riffitJy !b~ 
fsrmcd^ he bumhiy befeethetb ymir Lor^xpt ta rejpitt 
ti)etn, and as Joen as his Arifiver it finifieJ he VliB 
fifrrvard than ivi)b ali po^C Speed. 

And be dtth, omee agaiH^ hmtnify prvpMnd ti the 
Cmj^deratim *f ihii mfifl honestrabie Hot^ (betaufi 
therein year Lordjhips have nst been ^eafed te give . 
A'^'er tad* bisfsr^ier Petitim} nAmW- ysir I^d' 
/btpstioM net, sn your MabSe yn/ace^'fennit him t» 
toTie Ctpies ^ Ae Defefiliwi takea aud A he tedtett 
in this Caaje, «n b^A Stdet, without vdmh he fkdl 
be tdterfy difabUd tv make that js^ Defence^ vohieb 
^Cai^e, 0j ^at Impartanee H Nm^ dab ti^t^rilf 


Tlw Lords, upop rpa^ic^ this Petition^, did all 
agtve, * That it is agalnll the Order.^ t)us Comi, 
at wdl as of all odicr Ctwrts, for a Deliuqyent to 
iajm^ Ca^ks- of tbc Exaountbon* beTore- he aH- 
fwa*.' AttAt M to the reft of tbe PcQtWD, die 
fa/Hovfiag AnlWer w^s agreed on lo it. 

* TIte LcyrAe cKpeSeil to he- ahe^ snd tJM to 
bw« been dke&xi ; dnd boU ^ a DiMj^ unfit 
rile Houle, That Witnd&s flioul<^ ie pradMfe^ 
aai (worn, smA no IntBrroj^iorie* fim wkereea to 
txamine than m was feqiimd;' 

' Th£ Copie* of Depdidans iSteaif taken. At- 

Pnuf of ^ Charge^ was not due^j* pmjwd' in 


^ E n- <?'■ I, A N tf. -" >6^ 

tMe'formei* Petltiohi thMt'6te it was nbi precifel^AW aij***'* 
ajirwered ; b6t it is fouHKt a Dcfire that the Lorils; '"*' 
thmt the Prtitioner ill-advifed to make fucH a Re- 
tiuefl. Arid, attofdihg, to the former Gl^CT of the' 
Hbure.tKeLords-eKpedt tht tord-Trcafurer-s' Ap-' 
pearahce To-inortow Mofnlngi to hear fucli- An- . 
iWcrrs as he fhail matt.' 

^ril It); Ariothdr Petition from ihe Lord- 
't'rta1\lrei'w'a& jirefenbd to the Houfcj and read in 
8di Verba ■; diretfted as before : 

ThfO S T humbly Jhtw'in^^ That; itfidtt the -weighty Tlie Lori Tra«- 
■^*^ Cart's of Mind which now do lie upon hitn^ by JlTtlT"^ 
the ehaM'hl f^aiH retiivedfnm that rnoji hmourablt ^"^ "^ 
Houfe, he is fallen into fueh an IndifpaJitioH ef Body^ , 
«/ he is once mare tHforeed to befeech your LerdJijipSf 
in your nohU ^^if^iee and Favour, la grant him f 
farther Day Jai' .^refeHtijig his Anfiver arid hterroga- \ 

ttries, •uihicnfaU\ out to be much tsUger than he him' 
ftif expiS'ed] li being nb ffnall Adttithn to his Sar- 
rinvsy thai,- lA d' Cafi' fo Htarly concertUng inm, ht- 
atrntoi cViiieivS' by theit' Loy'd^ips form& Anjwers tx 
his ferm^ humb/e. Petition, that they ^urpofid to el- 
iiui him Cifielaf th'e DipopiinS, whereby; after his 
AHfwer delhefid' in Writing, he Jhall prepare himfelf 
for Usjiift defence agaitift thetiedring. 


jTo back this Petition, his Royal Highnefs the^ 
I*riifta\moVed the Houfe, ' That in refpea of riie 
tora-TrtafUfef's gteat Office, and Sicltnefs prc- 
tthdty'by'his'Lordftipi he minht have a longer" 
iWVT^^n tiim, ahd thit Day to be abfolute. On 
wfifel? (fitff&Uowlng Anfwcr to the Petition was 
igr*'ea''6h: - - 

» That the Lords, only, in refpe^ of the Lord- whWi >■ pMtrf 
'fifeafirfey's Indi(t)ofition df Health, are plcafed to hin. 
itel^itfe hiif Ap'fteafailce this Day ; but to enjoin that 
tIaSMt'day itttct; May i. at Nine va- the Morn- 
iiig'f if his Health fo permi:, he bring bis Anfwcc 
.'•■ Li 2- accord- 

.164 ^fie ParUamentary HisrotLY 

♦«. »ij»n»»l. recording to, the former Orders of this Houfc { if 
*"*** not, that then he fend his Anfwcr to his Charge in 
Writing, and all fuch Interrogatories as he wo«1d 
have his Witnefles examined upon. Likewifc, the 
Lords do peremptorily a/Ttgn Friday, the 7th of 
Afay next) at Nine in the Morning, for his Ap- 
pearance in Pcrfon, and for the final hearing and 
determining the Caufe.* 

This Concetlion of the Lords was gained by a 
Xetter, which the Tre^urer had wrote to the 
King, to tntreat him to intercede with them for 
longer Time. The Letter itfelf is too cunftftent 
with this Defign to be omitted. 

The Earl of Middlesex to the, KING {dj. 

Sacred Majefty and my moft gracious Matter, 
MU irtterw (ht y*0 UR Goedne/i is fuch to me your opprefed Str- 
^* & '*'" r *""'' '" '^'' *^ ^"^ "f Perficulien, as I ikotif 
not bovj to exprefs my Thonkfulntfs j etbtrviife than 
by pouring fartb my btimhU and hiarty Prayers to thr 
grtat God of Htaven and Earth, te grant yaur 
Majejiy all Happinefs hert and tverlafting Happinefi 

Between Five and Six of the Clock on Saturday 
MI the Evening, I received my Charge from the 
Lords affemUed in Parliament, with an Order by 
which I am commanded to appear at lie Bar, en ■ 
Thurfday next, by Nine of the Cleci in the Morn- 
ing, with my Anfwtr ; and in the mean Time te ex- 
> amine my Witnffes. 

Ibis Charge if mine hath been in preparing, hf 
examining Witnijfes on Oath, and etherwife, twenty- 
three Days i and hath hem weighed by the Wifdetn 
of bath Heufes j and doth concern me fe nearly in 
Point of Honour and Faitb to your Majefly, te an- 
fwtr well, as I value my Life at nothing in (emfari- 

1 may grieve, tboiigb I will net cemplain of atry 

thing my Lords Jhall be pltafed te command j bsit 

do hapt that, upon a fecond Canjidtration, tbey will 


ifli CataU, otUjptrim^ Start, ltctV<A,%iit, f:\9t. 

e^ E N G L A N D. i6j 

set think three Days a filing Time for me to mfike^^ >» J«»ii* 
my AnfweTy and to examine Witneffti in a Caufe ef ''*** 
frch Impariance and fo nearly <oncermng me, when 
twenty-three Days have hem fpmty almoji from 
Mtming until Night, inprepanag my Charge. 

I know theHmj'e (whofe Judgment I Jhall never 
dejire to wave) is the prtprr Place far me ta move It 
he refolved herein ; and therefsre jhaU^ an Wednef- 
day Morning, make my humble Motion there, to have 
feven Days longer Time, ■■ as well to mate my Anjwer 
and Appearance, as ta examine my WitneJfeSt woe art, 
many, and upon feveral Heads, 

But becaufe the Prince his Highnefi and many if 
the principal Lords are now with your Mojcjfj at 
Windfor, my humhU Suit to your Mayejly is, that 
you would be pleajed to move them, on my Behalf, to 
yield me fo much further Time, that my Caufe may 
notfuffer Prejudice far want of Tinu to maie myjuji 
Defence ; thai which I have propounded being at mo- 
derate as is poffihU. 

IVith my mfji humile and -hearty Prayer to Al- 
nighty God for Cantinuanft of your Health, witb all 
Happin'efsy / humbly iifs yaur Majeftft Hands, and 
will ever reji, 

April »«, Your Majefty's 

i<>4- mod humble Subject and Servant, 


Togo on with tfliryourrM: — The fame Day, 
April zc), die Attorney General read fome addi- 
tional Articles to the Charge againft the Lord Trea- 
furer, in hoe Verba: 

• I. He undertook the Office of the Wardrobe, j^jj;,;,^ ^^ 
in the r6th Year of his Majeftv's Reign ; and con- tkiet tpinti th* 
tinued in die Service of that Place from Michael- Lord Ttearsrw. 
nm, Anne 16, to the fame TInif, Anno 19. This 
QfEce he took upon him under Pretence of doing 
ais Majefty fpecial Service; and, for thatPurpofe, 
obtained a certain Affignment of i0-,0OO I. per Ann ^ 
or .thereabouts, which was duly paid unto him by 
way of' Impre^.' 

. L3 'I"- - 

i66. The Tariiamentary H is t-^j r y 

4a, iijimal. * Ififtead of doing Service, -he had btought.that 
'^ Place into DJforder and Confufion ; he lia,th Vot 
duly ferved the Warrants which he fhould haie" 
fervcd, nor paid the Workmen and Credjtijrs i ho - 
hath neither kept orderly Accounts, iior yj.el|^ 
any ; but, under Colour of pretended ScryiCe of 
great Importance, hath procured Gifts irig DiC- 
diargesqf ^reat Sums of Money, whicij^cre,Seiv- 
ed for the Execution of that Place, and fur the 
Queen's Funeral.' 

* IL Whereas, in the former Charge deljverej- 
to bis Lordfliip, it is tnco^pned that Merchants, 
importing Sugars, have been denied to expbrt the 
fame without paying new Duties j_ If iiCT^^rs, 
upon further Coiiiideration pf that Bufineis, ThaJ 
tbe Prejudice the Merchants have fuft'aihed con- 
cerning' their Sugars, is, tt>at they have been tle- 
liied, upijn Exportation of Sugars, ^'e Impofts 
paid on Importation ; whit;h is contrary to the 
Direftion given by. his Majefty's Letters Patents 
5 Sept. 8 fac' 

A Copy .of this, figned by the Cleric, wa;; fent 
to the Lord Treafuref by Mr- Serjeao't Davis ^lhA 
Mr. Serjeant Pmeh, ■ 

Mt^ I. T^is Day the Lord Treafurer fent jwt 
another .fwiriofl to the Lords, .with his Aftlwer to 
bis Charge,, an^ the, Interrogatories to four Parts of 
the fame i ft'hich', being read, were referred to a 
Committee, who were to report to .the H6ufe,v(hat 
Interrogatories they'reUdt. ' The Tenor o^ tjie 
Petition wiis as follows: ! 

To the moft Honourable Aflembly of the Xords 
... Spiritual and Temporal in the Higher Houfe of 

- Parliament. ; ■ - . 

Hi. further Pe- CT'NE Lard' Treafurer, with mofl humble Thanks,,, 

titioo. -* acJuiBUiUdgeth the ' hstwurahU Favour of tbfs 

' Houfe-, by their noble Order made in this. Utiufe e» 

Thurfday laji; and dath mjl humbly takf hold of 

the Liberty thereby granted him, (in rej^eif of his 

Indijpofit'ion, vihiih yet tmtinueth) miji humbly to fri- 



y E N G L A N D. • 167 

Itnl to yur Ltni/Inpj berrwith all hit An/ioir, in A». i« Junw^L 
ffritittgt as well to the Charge he received the l^fh ''*♦" 
•/" April, as to the jfdditions thereto which he received 
the 29/i ef ibefame^ together with as rminy of his h- 
terregatiries fsr Examination of IVitneffes as he could 
peffihly n/ake ready by this Time, which are full and 
farfea fur four of the Articles of his Charge ; m^ ■ 
hsanbly dejiring Monday Marning at the Sitting tf 
the Cwrt far tHe bringing in the rejl; and that ygfif 
l.ordJhips^ will pardan the Length of his Anfwer ; the 
Variety and Multiplicity af the Particulars necejarily 
requiring it^ as well for fbc readier Informing vfyov 
Lard/blps fudgments, as for Relief of his own wtak ^ 

J^morjy whom as yet you hai^ been pleajed ta appoint 
to Jlaifd edone without Counfei at the Hearing: Me ■ 
doth withal humbly explain hit M^anutg in theformtr 
Petitions f which were not to dejire Copies of t$f D*~ 
pojitions hifarehis Anfvjer werefut in, andaU ff^tt- 
m^s ftt-aadagtpnfimm fuSy^eieetnined: Buty when 
that JbaH he dme^ he hepfs if wliijland with the Hp- 
, nour and 'Jujiice of thai mojl hoaourabU Jimfe, to «/- 
Jow him Copies ef the CUpafaiom aft both Sides. 


The Tenor of the Lord-Treafmer's Anfww to 
his Chaise followetb : 

He Humble Answer, of the Earl of Middlefez, 
Loiu3-Tr£Asueer of Engbfld, to the Part of, 
the Charge whith was delivertd him from Ih* 
tnaft honturable Court of the Higher Houjt of Pari- ^ 

Mmutsty an Saturday the 2^b of Aprils 1624. 

TO the firfl and diird Anicles concemine tlie . . , ,_ 
two pretended Unbes 01 wo/, a-picce, «- iin (.a pat rf ' 
ledged to be taken by the Lord-Treafurer f«r i^e the ^AMv *- 
fcveral Caufes mentioned in the (aid Articles : His !•»* ^^' 
, Anfwcr i*. That no fuch feveral Sums were ever 
, piii. unto him, nor any Money at all for any of 
the Caufes mentioned in the faid Charge ; but he 
acknoifrledgeth that, the 27th of yune laft paft, 
bsi ity.iuii Servant, did receive at die Hands of 
L 4 Mrabfin 


1 65 ^ Parliameniary HistoVy 

\Ae. tz Jimtt t. Abraham yacai, one entire Sum of a ioooA in 
- *>fi=4- cQiifideration of his, the faid Lord-Treafurer's, In- 

tcrefl in fbur 31 Parts of the great Farm, which 
he had fgrmerly rcfervcd untohimfelf, upon fettling' 
thenewLeafe thereof; and for no otherCaufc, as 
he hath truly alledged in his Anfwer to the Houfc 
of Commons: And, for better Satislaflion of this 
. moft honourable Houfe therein, he hath here fet 
down a true and particular Declaration of the State 
and Carriage of that Bufmcfs, as foUoweth : 

' He is very well afTurcd, that as his general 
Courfei in all Bargains of the like Nature ^r tJis 
Xing, hath been to look to his own Duty and the 
King's Service, as the Huiband of his Majefty's 
Eftate J fo in this particular, touching the 9500 /. 
allowed to the Petty Fanners in rccompcnce of 
their Lof?cs, he carried himfelf fo carefully and 
fo ftriaiy for the King, as he could no ways ex- 
peft (b muc^ as Thanks, much Icfs any Gratuity 
or Reward from them: For thotigji, at.firft, they 
demanded of his M^efly a vcr;' great Stim, pre- 
tending, that the Interruption ihey complained 
■ of was 10,000/. Difadvantage to them in their 
firft Year only j yet, upon good Reafons, fliewed 
by the Lord-Tr^urer, on his Majefty's' Behalf, 
they were brought to accept of 9,500 /. wheixof, 
though they earnellly prefled to haw prefent Satif- 
fadion, yet he over-ruled them to take it in nine 
Years and an Half, (which was not worth more , 
. than 50CO /. in hand) and that, alfo, to be in full 
. SatisfaiSiun of all their Demands, not for one Year, 
but for the whole Term of nine Years and an Half; 
fo, as, in that Particular, the Lord-Treafurer was 
^ ' fo far from doing tliem FaVour, that he thinks, 
they have malif ed him ever fmce, rathtt for hold- 
ing them fo hard to it, than for any Regard to the 
King's Service.' 

* And for the Great Farm, the faid Treafurcr 

faith, That the old Farmers, becoming Suitors to 

: renew their Leafe, propounded to leave the SiHc- 

Farm upon his Majefty's Hands; and, withal, tO 

have an Abctement of the Rent they then paid fiw 



»/ ENGLAND. 1*9 . 

Ae Great Fann : Whereupon the Lprd-Trcafurcr. *■■ i> Jwnw It 
"finding how much that Offer tended to his fAzKRy'a *'•*• 
Difadvantage, defired Si!" Arthur Jtigrapt^ by hi^H 
fetf and his Friends, to get a better Offer inade 
the King, which was done accordingly i and there- 
by his Majefty's Rent was not impaired [at at fiift 
was propofed) but incrcafed 4000/. per Annumi 
and the Sitk-Fann-Rent was alfo made good] 
which, ptherwife, tp have been lett by itieif, would 
nr>t have yfeld^ the old Rent by 5, or 6{>po/. p^ 
Annum ; b that the Bargain was better to die King 
' than the old Farmers firft offered by (), or io,0oo T, 
pir Annum: Notwithf^ndlng, Ttwas thought iit 
by his Majefty that, the old Farmers, coining to 
me Rate offered by others within a ipoo /. p€r 
Annum^ fliould have the Preference of the Bargain. 
But withal, the Lord-Treafurer, to gratify tho^ 
who, by their faid Offers, had done the King Ser- 
vice, by advancing the Rent as aforefaid, <hd, jit 
the Inllance of Sir Arthur Ingram, on bis and tfaejf 
Behalf, referve certain Parts of the faid Farm, widi 
no other Intention but to difpofe. (he fame among 
thein ; and then gave Ordpr for the %^k to pppr 
ceed to the Patentees, who werefjamed, ifi friij^ 
for themfelves, 'and all the Partners.' 

* And, afterwards, the laid I^ord-Treafurer did 
. difpofe of th^ faid Parts, rcferved to the faid Sir 
Artfjw Ingram and others, according to the firft. 
.' Intention ; four of which Parts, the Parties whicji 
.had them did afterwards, at feveral Times, eive up 
' to the laid Lord-Tre^urer, and left the fame 3t 
; his difpoGng. Some Months after. Sir PAt/tt Ca- 
. r<y, who had one of the I.ord-Treafurer's Partj, 
and fome others placed by the Farmers, upon Tome 
Millike of Carriages of that Farm, did alfo relin- 
quish and give up their Parts ; upon Occafion 
whereof, the Lord-Ticafurcr, being put in mind 
by Sir Arthur Ingram of the faid four Parts, which 
were returned unto him by thofe to whom he had 
' formerly dlfpofed them ; and being a/ked what he 
would do with them; did, upon "huti's next ctxn- 
* ing to him. aflc him, Ho\y the Farmers memt to 

J!^p 7h^ ParUffmeptaiy lUt*"^ our 

*sja«a Lufehim forTiisT^yr thirty-twoPaits of the Fana' 
*>•*• -Ue'infvcred, TTiat bccaufc his Lordi})ip ha«] fcf- 
merfy figned a Warrant, &r the King's Security (^ 
iati the thiify-two Facts, aiid faid nouing of tbofe 
four Pahs, they thoughr his LopJlbjp had waved 
them \ hut he would Ibeak ^yith.the JVtfiers aboat 
It, aod the;) give him a full ^nfw^r,! Within tiew 
Pays after, Jtunl ret'urped to K)m, ^d very free- 
•|y offered a ibooA for his Pajts, accordipg to the 
Kate^hich, hefaid, tbey had lately given to Mr. 
Chincelidr for liis ; which tl(e Lprd-Treafurcr wai 
contented to accept : And yithin four D*ys jifW, 
be tcdd Mr. Chancellor whajt Bargiiin he had nude 
with the F^rmers^for his Intercit jn four thirty- 
two. Parts of the.^reat Fann, viz. That be h^ 
fold them to the Farmers for a looo /.' 

* This Agreement being thus inatje with "Jactby 
'and the lOpoA paid accordingly j it fjlls out, by 
that which was Imce difcovered. That he and his 
Partnere, which (bared thofe four Parts, agreed 
"'.tpgether, to e^e themfdves of jh^t Money, (which 
"fh3uld'havebeenpirp[)e^lyf)9ri)epppii their own prr- 
- wte Accounts.) by l*ying the fapie vpon the gener^ 
(Accpunts of the Great and Petty FarpK; (them- 
'fclves being Farmers: iii boA) and thereupon, tbe 
1000 /. as is fmcf 4ii]i:pvered, was by them divid- 
ed jntp two Parts ; the one-flalf entered upon (he ' 
Books of the Petty Farmery, ^ nd the otber, upon 
the general Account of th? Oij^I Fprp), 4? Gra- 
' tuities to the Lor^-Tr^afiu'er ;.who liftl^knew.^f 
^<heir tinjuft Proce^ings, both with hjihfelf ^tjd 
their Partners, until about Chri/imai laft; wfa«n 
he had firft Int^atioi) of feme fuch Char^ I^d 
' upon the Petty Farms, not hearing then that 
^ ^hich was done upoii the Great Fan|i$ Account : 
HereHpon he gfefently fcnt fgr yacsby and was much 
offended widi him, that' he. fliould. luffer any fuch 
unjiift Thing to be done ; who, at firft, denied it ; 
' but, .the next pay, eonfefTed Itj and faid, it was ill 
^one ; and faid, he v/za over-ruled in it ; a;]d pr(^- 
' mifed to fet all flralght again, Recording to the 
Truth ai)d Right of the Qale : which, tbe Lor^- 


.. /. p ff J. A N p. lyx 

Xpesi(ui;er undcrftands was dpne accordingly^ npt Ap- " J«»« i 
l^^ftingjhe sboA from t^ie fittWJP^'s Ac? ■ t«it- " 
cottnt to the Great Faijn's, . i)i^t by dir<:l:|aigj^e 

both upjuft .Chacges out of bpth Accounts ;' ;d>e 
Patentees ■ '' v .,_ .l «rf <:-.._ j.. 


Eentees returoing back die ^oiie^ whu^ th^ 

i taken off ^e Petty Farmers, .upon tb« Lonir 

'T'rcafurer's juft Exception then^oj^ p^.'alfo'm^- 

" - '='-- Rcftitut"— -'■ '■-"-- — *'----'"- -«--:_ 

Ing^i^c ReftittitioQ, of tbcir^wn Afqord,;to theif 
^jUUieis in the 0<^it Farm, whom tljey )iad like- 
Jtnje wr6nged ; whereof .the Lord-Tfeafurei faeai^ 
nt^ttig till of late ; Stf, he hopes, the ,Prpofs ^ 
Vn'a Caufo will ipa^e it evidently appeal,' that alj 
.^is Scandal ha^h .&llen upon biAi, by thi^ und^r- 
Ban^ working ©f At Patentees for Jheir oy/n pri- 
^aie Gain"; fy v^i)gfully charing .^Jr Pftrtijeij 
. II) .)}oth F^rtns^ to eale themfelvesj without th; 
Ijorrf-Tce^iirei^s Privity or Kiipwledge;. And th^' 
^le Patentees,. tpmakctheirowp Tale^ood, hayp 
.lately denied that the X-orJ-Treafurcr had' ^ny Parj 
ta .the Farm ^ yet, it" will manifeftly appe^. upoa 
sProof, by' the. Oaths of Men of'^ood Reckoningj 
.diaC ttieihfelves have acknowletjtgedj th^*hisLorar 
'ftiijp'hadj;ef«rveiJ'Patt of that 'Farm at his difpif 

^lig.' '■ ' ■ '" '';'■-."'■ 

', For the ipoA.andtJie Tun of Wine, allcdgcd, 
in the feco;id Article, to be received : Tht 
Ttuth is this, TiidX AbrahapuJ^cob beit^ wl^ 
die £<ord-Treafurer about qther BulinfiB, tohl him, 
^That the Farmers of t^e Petty Farms, h^id,' <ff 
aid intend, to prefent hini with a Ttin of Wipc^ 
for a New 'Vtar's JGift. T^e jLord-Treafursr 
'*tben anrwerfii) him merrily. That other Ldrd[- 
'Trea(urers bad Iraen better refpeif^d by thpfe Far- 
'^eOL^ and.^athejvouldh^ve ^onpof rfieir Wiflej 
and ftiortly aft^r, Bernard Hyde brought him ap ' 
'KpV. for a New gear's G"^ .onl/a apd fq.r up 
other ,Caij.fe.' 

, . * To'the fourth Article, conpemlng George Her- 
^f!?«'i(lecj£0pirte'arid the Sugar Fann, the Lord- 
^T'reafijrer .qiajces' this Anfwer, 'That in 1620, a 
f^nCc was gtai^d to George Hfrriti, of the Impoft 
li^O^ ^ugars fpt .t^ec Years,' not aj .the Rent of 

■''' ' ' '^ ■ !-■■... 10,000 


17a ^7>e Parliamentary Histort 

1.1* j««hI. 10,060 Maries ptr Amaan^ as is zUedged in HiK 
*^*¥ Charge, but at {cisbjr'a jooo/. per Jtrntm^ vie. 
5666/. 1 3 J. 4^ Rem." 

* Afterwards, the 17A of Jfovemher 1620, in 
Ae Tipie the Lord Vifcount AiandevUU was Trea- 
furer, Htrrtgt obtained a Pri»y-Seal of Affiganient, 
frbereby h« had Power to pay himlclf out of the 
St^TrFarnif-Rent, by ^ay of Rebuncr, a Debt of 
13,089/. ji>i. form^^ due to btm, v/z. for bis 

' Free-Arrcar in the £^hequer 187/. lOi. an4 
Bpon fix Privy-Seals for Jewels, formerly Itougl^ 
of luni, 12,902/. 6j, in which Privy-Seal of Af« 
^lunent, ^here was one fpecial Ctaufe, That if 
the faid three Years Rent would cot fuffice to pw 
the whole Pebt, by rcafon of Defalcations whits 
ifiight ^1 out upon the Farm, the refl fhould be 
made good out of the Exchequer; and afterwards, 
' }n M^ and Auguft 1621, in the Viltount Mandt* 

vilU'i Time, Herriat obtained two other Privy- 
Seals, for two other Debts due to bim, amounting 
tx> 196a /. 15/. whicb^ being added to the former 
Debts by Privy-Seal, makes up the great Sum of 
14,865/.* mention^ In the Loid-Ticafurer's 
. <;harge,' 

* And whereas it is alledged, that this whole 
Sum of 14,865 /• ^"^^ P^id to flMTiot by the now 
Lord-Treafurer's Order within the Space of z6 
pays ; the Truth is. There was not one Penny 
paid at all in Money, but HerrUt being indebted to 
bis Majefty 7799'. upon account of the Rents 
vA Profits of the Sugar-Farm until Cbrtftmat 
1621* the fame was allowed in -difcharge of lb 
much of his Debt of 14,865/. v\%. 5666/, 13;, 
and 4^. which he had Power to pay himlelf, by 
virtue of the faid Privy-Seal of AlBgnment ;. and 
2132^1 6/. and %d. which was done by him 
upon hif Account before ^ Lcafe of the Sugar- 
Farm began. And whereas be might, by the laid 
Trivy-Scal of AJEgnmcni, have paid himfclf the 
other 7066/. withm lefs than I5 Months; the 
Lotd-TreaTurer did, by Herrioft Confent, tranf- 

. ier the £une to be paid out of the Tobacco-Farmt 

«/• E N G t A N a , iji 

'*«. ^bCX)L.ztMitbaelmat i622j and die reft atAa.a*Jww 
Jl£t^elniat 1623; which was a longer Time and .»'»4> 
more advantageous Affignment for the King, than 
rite former was : So, although there were feveral 
Orders figned, as if the Money had been paidim* 
mediat;dy out of the Exchequer: yet that was done* 
of Neceflity, to enable the Arildng Tallp, for the 
Tellers Charge and Difcharge, as the Form of die 
Exchequer required, without ifluing any Money at 
all : So that it will appear upon Record, this Charg« 
' upon the Lord-Trcafurer is wholly miftaken ; and 
that he was fo fu from paying fo much ready Mo- 
ney zs he is charged widi^ that he paid no ready 
Money at all, but by Afl^nment; which he made 
at longer I^ays, than it was formerly fetded in his 
Predeceflbrs Time. And thereupon Htrrlft, hav- 
ing his Debt thus fetded and paid to his Content^ 
did furrender, up hisLeafe; which, he had procured 
to no other End, but to fecure the Payment of 
theDebtsowing tohi^by theKing. Afterwards, 
it is true, his Majelly granted a new Leafe of d>e 
Sugar-Farm to the Lord-Treafur's Ufe, at the 
Rent of 2000 L per Annum; in the granting where- 
of his Majefty was truly infonncd of die State of ^ 
t^ &me, ana particularly made ^cquiunted. That 
die ^d Farm of Sugars might be improved to 
£000 /• ptr Annum^ though Herritl had it but at 
j666A iji. 4ri/. it being his Majeity's Pleafure, 
out of his own Grace and Goodnefs, tojrant the 
fame, in Form aforefaid, to the Ixtrd-Treafurer,. 
for his many Services, and for Coniideratiom bell 
known to himfelf.* 

' For the flow paying his Rent, it is true, that 
one of the 3000/. was paid three or four Days 
after the Rent-Day, and the other two Half- Year* 
Rents were forborn in refpe^ of feme private Oif- 
burfements of his Lordfliip's for the King ; upon 
Bills of Exchange to the Commiffioners for Irt~ 
land; and other Engagements for his Majelly } 
which his Lordfliip intended Ihould be difcharged . 
and cleared by the laid Rent.* 

, • And, 

■,G otitic 

i^4 ^ fiir^dfit^a^ Ai story 

LM|iifi«i'I^ « AniJil^y; .THe'LibertyoftranlpftrtmgMer-' 
**4- chatiti SagaVs, forrfierly imported, remaineth now^ 
iH the finrie Eftete aild Condrtion, without any AI-* 
tfemldli, frrltethcLord-Treafurer'sLeafc, asitditf' 
at ahy Tiffltf brffofe j neither is there any fuch Se- 
ftraiijt ot Dentil' mlde by hini^ or under him, ttf 
tfte Merchants Prejudice <Jr his own Profit, as is.' 
^lelJged in the'Chatge.' 

, • To the fifth Article, touching the Compo^ 
(ilioft for Gfdcery-Warfis in the City of BrtflsV 
and the Out-Ports j the fafd Lofd-Treafilrtr faith,; 
TTiat CotApIaint being made untb him oHliis Ma- 
jrifty*S&sMf, That, the' faid Compofition-Monfi/ 
being' rto lefs due in the Out-Ports than in the PortT 
d^ Lotuhn^ no certain Courfe was fettVd for .thtf; 
receiving of it, or brii^ing it to account for his' 
MajeffyV Ufe, fo as little or no Benefit thercbl* 
I c!amc to the King : He thereupon thought fit td* 

ftnd'a general Warrant to the' Out-Ports, to au-' 
^orize .^dihiAj^ii-tf^' totake care of that Co!-' 
le£tion:i and' receive fuch Duties of that Natufej' 
aJf hatf been'fomierly ufed m have beeri paid; to" 
the end ths whole Colleftion thereof might cbtntf 
in' upon orie'Man's Account; with no IntetftioH td' 
T&ile a ne<hr Charge upon the Subjiet^, but oftt}' ttf 
iittlf (he CoIleaioflS of the King's Budes in OfdCi^i 
And; asfoonas' the faid Lord-Treafurer hadnb- 
tfce, Thar the Citizens of B'tiftol YiiA fofthtHy^ 
yielded to fut^ifh his Majcfty's Hbufhold wiffli' 
, Grotfety ih Sf'ecity upon Purveyance, at the Kitt'g's* 
Cbnring into thbfe Parts; arid, thereupoiV, Had'ob^ 
tained an Order in the Exchequer, to eittmpt ^enT 
from rtic PaymtnC of the Cbmpofition ; the "LorA- 
Treafurcr did prcfefltly difchargethe fonher Wai*-' 
rant fent thither before; and referred the IVfei"-' 
chants (who acquainted them with it) to Sir Simbif 
Hanief, one of the Officers of the" Green Cloth,;. 
who c^iiied his'Lordflfip, thathe had agfeCd Vriltt* 
tliem to their good Contetitment.' 

* To the flxth' Article, concerning the Bufitielf 

of, the Court of Wards', the'Lord-Tr«afafcriniikeif 

dris Inimblc Aafwer, That in Detmitr 1618, his 


c^ tfiCfCdUrtbf Wafddj WMcU 0MleH iMe (U ****• 
fcrth by die ProcurHnMtit tlld Solidcifdon of fcxM 
of dkc 0{Eo6r9>, ^iKMlt mc Pn»ity dT die Lot4 
Vifeount U^alSm^dm^ tflsA^, and feme othek- 
«f Che CouncH of' tHst Cdnlti arid Ae^ Aaat t&t * 
Taie sf Ms Loi^i^» UMa% iHt V\m: ; Hmxa 
of wUcti Artkleij tended to Aft Abr M^ e lii ea t flf 
the ^deilt AitAotity audi Proitts of tht Mafltt^ 
PliLce, and for die Pni^ o/ dCfaen of tfte eWwrk . 
of the Court.' - 

• VfUtrntpm t*« Ldrf-Treaftn**-, BAig iHaA 
'MiUfer« wu aA iiUffiM^SutortbrfatsM^sfty td'Ri^ 
flore }^ to dte fonner Rights of the Place, t^ ak 
lerirtg the (m£ Inftra^cMM i)t lb»w Poifttt, not prc-- 
Micial to Ms M^cAy*! PiuAts, normeVOAs-tolft 
8(^e^ ; ujxMz wUcft it ^eafed kis M^eAjr tv |«- 
fcf the fiunc tofome Privy Cou*fe]loWi a3 is-itaeit- 

. tSantcT in the Cbai^ ; dfter wHkh' Tirtu^ Jtttl be^ 
Ave aiif Aiii^ tras done, OpbA' the baibGfe Mo^ 
tfAft&f tfULord-Tretifu^r, ht^M^fff trdl'^iam 
«» dire£tt That the Mafi^r and Officen fflttlKf (M 
confer an^agnee (tf dtc^cbuld) vuMl^lftHhJMV^ ' 

and refort to tbe Referees; if they igrtfcf iflor: 
'WherewoM Ae UFa(l(H' aOtf dF ^ 0>^%tf; upote 
Aadiy MeetingB- and Debating; agreed' dmoog 
tltanr^vesJbr the-oen'- Edft^ffiOrtts, aAd theresilcu 
M>tufUlri)y fubfcribetfthtirr Names: Therb WaG «i 
Miluifonnaticm ufed to lus' Majefty-; nettfter aHe 
Ac P«inK contained in (he ncwlnftra^diig'dilrad- 
vantagethis to thc^ Kfag or Subjefb more than &Bt 
Urtaer, and,' in Arte PbiMs; of mudi idoM Act 
vantage both to the King and Subjcl^' 

• Touching the taking Petitican fromthe^eHc • 
of tlie C6urt, acd appApriatitrg^ fhem- ta hittirdf 
and the Secretary, s^ isdiarged widi takiti^giett 
Revaids for ' procuring k^^mts' to the fetSe,' bb 
fakS That, until the find- lafiittflfohx of rtri#, 
a& Petitions vere dt^nved to the M^fter; wUc^ 
by the laid Inffirli^ons of l6T9,weR':(to thereat 
Prejudice of the Subjefi; and Betay <»■ hte M^- 
■*f» Service)- deUvei^ to tlie Cftrk ef tiw Coint, 


■i^netl. who was to pTcTent it at the Sittinffof thO Couh' 
'v** cilj which could be only in Term Time j where- 
as, by the former aiicirat Courle, and by the lafl 
Inftni^ons, the Petition& being delivered to the 
Mafter^ be only giveth Order for finding and -re- 
tumine an Office, which-tnuft alfo be entered with 
the Clerk ; and, the Office being returned, the 
Giant is nude by the Mafter and Council, at the 
Cotincil Table. By this Cdurre the Suitor hath 
Expedition at all Times, and the M»fter no Profit at 
aH ; and the Secretary neither hath taken, nor ex" 
a^ed, any Reward of the Subje3 for procuring 
Anfwers, to the Knowledge of him the Lord-Trea- 

* Touching the doubling Fees for Continuance 
of Liveries,,, by the new Inftru£lions, he faith. 
That, ever till the Inftru^tionof 1618, the Suitor 
might continue his Livery, either with' the Mafter 
or Surveyor; and the Mdler's Fees for fuch Con- 
tinuance was ever ten Shillings. The Inflru^ions 
of t6l8 appropriated the Continuance only to the 
Surveyor, which was an Encroachment by the Sur- 
veys: upon the Mafter; now the new Inflfu£tions 
enjoin the Continuances to be with bothj forwhii:h 
the Mafter taketh no other Fee than ten Shillings, 
which was the ancient Fee for Continuances taken 
by all Mafters before him: And, for Tenders, the 
Mafter doth now take b^t Jive Shillings j whereas 
the ancient Fee b ten Shillings.* 

* By .the Continuance before bothHoules, Men 
• ve rather forced to fue out their Liveries to Uie Be- 
nefit of the King, and Good of fuch as have Caufe 
to fue againft them.* 

* Touching the having of concealed Wardfbips, 
and, to that Point, thitf the Mafter may eaiily 
Bialce Wardftiips concealed by the Courfe of the 
new Inftni£tions, the Lord-Treafurer faith. That 
altho' he hath the difpoiing of concealed Wardlh ips, 
yet the Benefit of them is to the King's own Ufc ; 
and it is not in his Power to make a concealed Ward- 
{hip : For if dw Petition fliould be fuppreffed, or 
not anfweredj yet it i« ao Conceakuent, by the 



If 1 M L A N b. .77 

mrw Inftrti£Kon9i if afif Smt be tftarie for it with- An. iibmaj*'* 
lA » Yemr afttt the D^tb of the Tenant ; neithet *•*•• 
i* the %wi TrtiaiWer ehtrged to hare donCt or fo 
much M to bave ittetiipted any fiich Afl/ 

* Teucdfngthe Sdmp, which ife ji charged wttlf. 
liMrbig AtlYltteA to the Secretary, he doth humbljr - 
aekAm»le^ChefaQWi but, withal, defireth your 
Iiordlhips to takei^to Confideration, that the whole' 
Vittbolt and Scope of doing thereof was only for the 
■mfett- Di^at(!h of Suitors ix ordinary Matters oi 
Q^M/^a^ MidferfucbBufinefsasconMiiotheelic^tcf) 
fay fkeSbmp alone, without the Affifhince or joining' 
of olhef Oftcerb (herewith, either before or after 
putting ((rtSttmp: And the Lord Trcafurer was ra-' 
tmt in&iKtA t-a give way thereto, bccaufe' he Jiatf 
undnfloAd (hat the Lord Burleigh, when Lord* 
TnS9lfUim,fAadeufeof thelike; andferthatStamps 
aft kl lift iA other Offices at prefent : Yet, if the 
liOrd Trtaftira- had ever conceived, or been in^ 
hrmed, that it had been unlawful or unfit, Yif 
fttWldAothaveafed it: Allb he direffly afirrticth, 
Ttety by the Uft thereof, Neither die King's Ma' 
Wtjf niCM'the Subjed, hadi hitherto any Charge of 
n^udke^ ■ but nAich Eafe hj their IXifpatch.' 

* And as- to t>alUfin'i uKfettling the Office <St 
(MiUutcet Itet fell out eight' or nine Years fiAce i 
9ki tite Sh^I^ fef down by the Lords, j^nt 1617, 
W» few Yenr^ btffbre the Lord Treafurer was iif 
Office ; neither did the Commiffion of the Trea* 
lat^-i not his Predecefibre, purfue any Point thereby 
MAed } but it 1^ wholly neg^aed, and hvat. 
only revived againit the Lord Treafurer, who nc^ 
W-AMrit6ut IB this ParHament: And for th? 
Woe/k mode up W the Contmiffioners of the Navy^ 
i» Ami t6ao^ for Supplying the Stores and futurfe 
UjplwWCg; df iut Office of Ordnance, (tho', being 
ih« kft of Ae dlree Settlements mentioned in the - 
Avfti^e*^ it mi^t t>e fufficient to fufpend both 
At Ibtttcr} k was lb far from being an Eflablilh-'' 
neiH to govern the Office by, that ail the Officeri 
Jtaftf uid ftiU do oppoie it, and pr»teft againit it 
tk Aiic Dtt ;- (b «>- thoe being oalv Prwolitions 

Vei. VL M with- 

lyfi^ the PivUamntaty Hi«to«y 

I. tt Janet I. Without Rclbliitions, and no fettled Rule of Efta^ 
»'a4- blifllment and Direiiion, why ftiould the Loi'd 
Treafurer be bound to keep it ? .Or why the Breach 
thereof be made his Fault now, when it was bro- 
ken and negle^ed in his Predeceffot's Time, who 
,was then the only proper Officer to have put it in' 
Execution, the now Lord-Tre?fiirer being but on« 
of the Propounders of it ?' 

* Notwichftanding, he humbly conceives, and 
hopes to prove clearly^ that there hath been no fuch^ 
wilful Negligence as is alledged ; for tho' it be true,'- 
that the Officers of the Ordnance* always oppofing 
that Book of the Commiffioners, would never fue- 
out the two Warrants thereby required, the one of 
13,640 /. 14 i. 2 d. for Supply pf the Stores, and 
the other of 3000 /. per Annum for the Ordinary j 
yet there have been other Privy Seals of the fame 
Nature fued out, whereupon hath been ilTued to 
that Office, fince that Book of the Commiifioneri 
was delivered, as follows, »;«, for the Supply of 
the Stores, 11,096/. 171. iid, which Sums want 
^ot much of the Commiffioners Preparations, con- 
fidering that the ordinary Quarter-Books are yeC 
unpaid for a Year and a Quarter j all which argue 
tio wilful Negligence in the Payments, howfoever 
the Officers have difpofed of the Monies ; nor any 
great UnfurniDiing of the Stores, which, if they 
have lefsProportion of fome Stores of Provifions than 
were fet down in the Commiffioners Books, yet 
they have more of other Stores of Provifions, which 
have fmce been thought more uieful and more ne* 

As to what concerns neglecting the Supplies for 
Gun-powder, the Lord-Treafurer faith, ' That the 
£argains with Evelyn were made in the Lprd Man~ 
dtvdli'i Time, who continued in the Office the firft 
five Months after ; in which Time Evelyn ferved 
in Powder for the firfl three Months; but, getting 
po Money for it, made a Stop of his Delivery, 9c- 
tording to the Liberty of his Contract: So, that the 
iame was broken in the Lord Mandevill/s, Time^ 
auid left wholly in Diilra^Uoa to the now Lord- 
4 ■ " ! , ..Tki- 

Y.i?r: E:N G L A N-l>.:-' Iff 

^tttxGint;; mlit l Debt for three Months Pbwder, *«;■»» jtarffc 
delivered: as ^oreTaidj his Predeceflbr not paying ta^t 
•tie Peony upon that GontraA in ^1 that Time,' 
■ . * Niamer did -that Bargain with Ev/lfn (uSep 
any fmall Interruption, by tht continual Com-^ 
pIuHts iRrtirad up agaltsSt hm by Mr. Sadliri and 
jiew PnqjofitioBs ilAiide by him for fettling the 
Powder-mftking otherivjifei whereby ^w^yaV Con- 
tract iloodt under Qilcfttoni and both the Lord 
Treadrer^ and Mr. Chancellor, and the CoiAinir<k 
fi(aifc*8.(>f the NaVy, had feveral Times the TrouUe 
MffKfVnlfiQrthe faoiej the Lord Treafurer hiwing 
a Pwrpofe to bring Eviljn to Account for (he, Pro- 
fit, tnbde^himf of the Surpla&ge of the Priceof 
the.Powdw put to Sale : By this Means, 
reafon of Qtber Mi&apSf of blowing up the Powder- 
Mills-by^^re, £&fr^K grew difcouraged ; in d die 
Servicftwaa negle^bqd,' .tjl^ S^elltr's Sugg^tons were 
found frtVoloLis, ^hich was near a Year's Interrug- 
tion-of Ae-Servi«e.*'. ■ . ' , 
- * Besides, wbf»i the ItOrd Treafurer entered, he 
found -in' the Stores but.'; one hundred and lixteea 
]l.afts odd hundreds of:P(lwder; and, the 20th of 
Morcb Uftt ;'he left iri ftofe above one hundred uid 
forty. o&eL^s, nDtwtthftatldipg the great Expencc 
of Pewdei'4 upon Extraor^iaqries, in the now Lord 
Xreafilitr^siTinjct whkh alfolnighthavebeenons . , 

bufl^^ ^4ety four Xja{ls, ifi the Lord Maji^evUU 
kadf^ttledAu maintained theContradtilthiaTime* ' 
by A4d>tioa of his live Mouths Pravifiod, and the 
threp Months which: he left the now Lord Trea- 
surer to pay for) whereas the whole proportion (^ 
GttO-i*owtlcr, afljgnedby thoCommiffioriersof the 
^avy'd Ppolt to b« in ftore, was but one hundred 
and forty three Lallsof Power j and good.ReafoAs 
■gitfefl-.^^afcfore thtre flaould ba nb-niQrc,' '' 

* i^V^' ^"'^ appe*!"* byicoraparing the Quan- 
tity »fo]^fjwder, paid, fw by the now Lord T'tPafur- 
l!e*i.-wi:^:thB Time befofQ, that his Ldnifttip hai 
faidfof-a^qiuch,'^&ort Tenn.of twb:Year» 
«iiil a Half» as hath been paid for in chefiextf.fevcA 
y«ars beforei fo as npverj in, the. Kind's Time.' 
,\ ■: ; > M 2 , were 

%99 ?Zir' Tariiamemary H 1. 1 t oit r 

n.M)ttictl,^gmrefh« Stomfowttl funufttei «^ Fswtla- ft^ 

*^^ Quantity' aid Ooodnsft, at thnroM Sow {'SaA yet 

never more miit of M»n0f ui »• &MlkeqMV tme 

twentv Yeus, dl«i ludt been in Ac lUW* Lonl 

TrBi«iror*9 Time-' 

To t^ laft Artiek t/S di< Cb«^ ^mn tfi«l»< 
gain for iW LMd which wU Sir Sttgtt- t^fiifSi, 
the Lord Tr«afufe#&kls 'Tlurbe luMb^iRwmri* 
iny uniawfb} fiargtin for the tiind* <l*! tbe bid 
DvUifimt mithnbidtbe {taid At tlw fidd Londi 
iMitb' making <rf BarollMs, ep freehi| Cbpftuiim»t 
W any odxr Suit t*tlw King, a»by fthC AftMfe l» 

CJtcttded } hut bai^ realty paid k» A* &tM in 
oney aita MoM^wofth, out ^Us«vAl£*a0(t 
to the fuli VafuB df the LaiHlft ui4 tnMe: A<mI« 
fee mora fuH DEcfarfttioA <rf die Ttudl, be fiUab» 
That (be Mi Sir Jtk;^ DalH^ being iA<ll(ltt«d ttt 
r die King in 13,063 /L 4i>. lO^A «Atfri)t)# 9it 
f^amat MiuHfut^ hi» Surety, was feuflA D^*M* 
3100/. the faid DaUifon's Lands' wer» exvihdad' fttf 
9^64/. 4x. coi:<i thereof, and Ibe filid Sii< Helhar 
i^unfo^i Lawk fev tht faid Jioo/i and' theft- (b 
•xtsiuied, togethoi- with tke Aiid ftvci^ DAte^ 
wcttf gnanted by bis M»)e^'» Letters ^«tt Che 
lOthi^ 7i^ 1%'JacM iUph, nntofi'Mtii'JIiifi^ 
rut, andother OAcen and Oidilora oF dw Crd^ 
aan«e, far 13,062 A ixwing fo them- by his M^ 
}efty; with a fpecial CoffimaAdte the Lord-TfMH 
fiuer and Chutcdior of the £]Kheft«Mr. to ttiotoft 
out Tiich Writs and Proetih f6r Ac> (aM EMtt tt 
flioutd he n^iMd ; and, #ith aCAMniM oft A* 
King's P^ thai if, iy reafen trf iMctMthRnww^ 
.^yoouldnotrecmve the June in convenieftt Thfw^ 
then it fhouid he paid unto thoB ant of tbe^ Sx- 

« Thefe Lands of die faid Sir Xiger DaW/itf^ 
yrert h incumhered by fbnner Charns> dlat the 
laid Oftcefs and Cteditor* of the Oidntncc CduU 
«ot raife, by the faid Extent diereof* near fo ittuA 
as the hare Iniereft of the faid 9962/. 4 J. iftx*'^ 
Parcel thereof'^ and thereforsdid not cenccirtf hOW 
it could ^ve SatisftAion trnte dtea fw tbe-iUi 

(^ E N G I. A N 0. i»i 

9961 1, due DdK, long forborne i |Mt dut dley^*- »>f^\ 
mvA of K««A^ have Recoarfe to hu M^e% '^^ 
a^n for thdr bettor Satis&£Uon, according to 
hM M ajtfty 'g Covcnmt coittune4 in ^ faid Lcafo, 
■ttdeootttdwa jatb;ttB«^a]fs and ^«t riiirc ww 
aoMag dowed to niieve the poof Jjflrafled X^y 
of lkc&id8irJityirZM!i>a'i utdlwrS«n: whcte- 
UfM ifaB aov Lord Tieafitrcr^ in >/n t62i, be- / 
l^gthmbatMKcrf'faifiM^efty'fiCoininiffifinen for 
Iwilcbtt, wm ande aoquiinte<l by the (aid FrMfcis 
M imiu , mA odier the &id Oficera «nd Gr«diton 
tftheOiteuiee, of tbeir Intent and Purpodet and, 
Wiv vriUii^ to ^ his Mtjefty tfae beft Service he 
could therein, after divers Conference*, did come 
to an AgTeement with them for t^eir Intereft in 
i/bm fold Euents, and to moke them Pafment of 
(he ftM iT^tAti. for t)te Imk, n follows, o/x. 
(o4t^. b«Ubie the laft Daf ef N&vewittr foUowiaz 
«6s<, and dw reft bjr 500/. every fee Months, K 
and sfter (be Annnn ci ttion, 1623 : A(ur whfch 
AgNeoKnt taadefor Ae £xteatf , he not percdving 
hoir he oudd make any Ufo thereof, luilefs he cmn- 
|»andcd ^fo with fiicb as had tilw Inheritanoe and 
xAntf Eftatcs m the fiud DtiSiMt I^andt. did d^nl 
>iritb (boK of tfieni for the iuae 1 and dien came 
40 a fecoiid Agreement with the iaid Frgttdt Mer~ 
fiuy and the tak of tiu Officers and Ci«iitorE of the 
Ojdnancc, to convey to tbem an EftaM, which he 
Aen had for nine or ten Years to ctMne, in the ' 

pMty Ftfms of Currants and Wines, of ^ ycady 
Valoeof 1400/. (and worth yoooL and more, t« 
Iw fi^^ which he did grant, and they did accept 
infollSatisfodiooof tbefaid i^,«6aA 4f. tOtd. < 

and for their Intcrefls in the SnA Euents. accord- 

'■ Not long afbrwards, the I<onI Treafurer, be- ' 

inrdellrous to free himfelf of any further Trouble 
•r Care, by leafon of otany other the Incuanbrances 
urttich were upon the Gud Lands, did, in 01 about 
Navtmin-j ifizi, agree with Sir Arthur Iitgramt to 
deliver die fud Lamls, with othw Land* then of 
huDtbe bid Lord Treafurfr, ia the County of 

rji",i-,Go(.i'^le .^ 

IBi The Parliamentary^'^t's^oiiV 

Jpi. i^j»m«l. )V^, unto thefaidSir^Aw/n|;f«B,lnExdiang» 
■ ■ ^t* for other Lands of hU, and to give unto hitn 9000 /, 
in Money, for the compounding and treeing tils 
feid Ellate and Incumbrances, which vkn .upuk 
tile (aid Lands, late Daltifan's, snd of adMaJe ho 
had of one Ambony Meers, of other Lailds rihter-* 
mixt with the fkid Dallifin's Lands, efteeftied of the 
yearly Valueof 400/. ^n'j^i'm; of which9000/> 
the faid Lord Treafurer, afterwards, in Fthnafj and 
in March 1621, by the Confent of the faid Sit Jr^ 
thur /ngrtirff, did pay unto ^IrTbamai Motmpn^Knt, 
, for his Intereft in Dallifin'i Lands, the Sum of 

3000 /. befides the freeing of his the fajd Sir thamas 
'Mounfaff-i own Lands of the laid other Extent, for 
the (aid 3100/. andall thcRefiducof thcfaidgoboi . 
he the faid Lord Treafurcr haA paid and fatislkd, 
3S it hath been required by the faid Sir Arthur ttt- 
gram accordingly ; which faid fevcral Sums of 
''joooL and 900O/. amounting together to i6,ooo^ 
jtnd more than the f^d Leafe and Lands are worth, 
at and from the Time of the faid Agreement for 
the Exchange, fo made between the faid Lord 
^reafurer a/id the faid Sir Arthur Ingram: And- 
thereupon the Lady DaUifin, and- Sir Tbtmas DalUr . 
■Jittf her Son, upon a Compofition made with them 
'by the faid Sir Arthur Ingram, did, in February i62l> 
make an Alignment of the faid Leafe, to certain 
Perfons named by the faid Sir Arthur Ingram, in 
truft forhisUfe; and, fince the faJd Agreement and 
that Time, the Lord Treafurer had no more to do 
therein than as the Duty of the Place requires, and 
(as he hath been advifed by his Majefty's learned 
pounfel) convenient and fir to be done on his Ma- 

■jefty's Behalf: And therefore, as touching the reft 
of the faid laft Charge, That the Lord Ttpafurer 
having agreed with Sir Thcutas Daliifitt, and the Of- 
ficers 6{ the Ordnance, he, to gain, indircflly, and 
by oppreiEve Means, an Eftate which &hRfgfrDai- 
Itfin had pafled to Sir Rkhard Smith and Sir Jolm 

■ Davy, did fet on Foot an Outlawry of Sir Mcger 

J)allifon's, and thereby difpofleffed Sir Rifbard Smith 

end Sir John Dih)y, who had been in PoffflSDO, 


.,j^. E N-GL AN.P. J83 

ty a Trial at Law, uibg the Power of his Place, Aa. mJumi^ 
and Countenance of the King's Service, to wreft '"♦• 
them out of a Leafe and EAate of great Value, the 
Lord Treafuter faith. The fame is wholly mifiakcn ; 
and that the Truth is. That the faid Sir RUhard 
Smith, having a Conveyance of all the Freehold 
Lands which were the laid Sir Richard DalUfen't, 
ia Scoitea, as a Mortgage for Payment of 1300A 
and the faid Sir yahn Davy having an AfGgnnienc 
of the faid Leafe, as a Mortgage for the Payment 
of 600 A by Year, for ten Years, upon a very 
hard Contrail for Money^ he the faid Sjr Riehart 
Smithy long before the faid Treafurcr had any 
thin^ to do with the faid Lands or Leafe, was di^ 
pofleued of Freehold Lands, by virtue of the faid 
Extent, for the King; and, after fuch Time as 
the faid Lord Treafurer had fo bargained and agreed 
with the faid Sir Jrtbur Ingram, and tfad left the 
laid whole Bufinefs Xp him as aforefaid, it W^S found 
that the faid Sir Rager Dallifin flood outlawed, afc> 
ter Judgment, atdjver^ feveral M^n's Suits, where* 
by the fame I^eafe and Intereft was in his Majefty ^ 
by Me^s wlj^i^^f fome Difference grew betureett 
the fajd Sir iij(W(/ SffK/i, Sir Johnliavf, ajifl the 
(aid Sir Arthur Ingram, which the feid Trpafurer ufed 
thcbefiMpans becoidd to reconcile; andj to that' 
end, endeavoured to have th^ fame arbitra^d ani^ 
en4ed by Sir T^^mt; Savage and Sir Nichaias I'^n 
Ufcue, Knights : But their Travel and Pains there- 
in taking i^o Effeft, aftef fome Suits in the Prero-: 
fatiyc Court, the Exchequer, and Common Pleas, 
etwecn Sjr Rickard Smith, Sjr John Davy, and Sif 
Arthur Ingram, in Conclufion (by and with the 
Confent of all Parties) the faid Differences were 
heard and ended by Sir Henry 'Habart, Kniglft aud 
.Baronet, Lord Chief Juf^ice of the Comn^oii Pleas, 
and by rfie reft of the Jufiices qf the fame Court t 
hy wbofe Mediation and Order, there is to be paid 
to the faid Sir Richard Smith and Sir John Davy, 
in fatis^Aion of ttieir Eflates and Interefl in the 
iaid Lands and Leafe, over and beCdes other grea^ 
^utq; of Money by them formerly received, the 
M ^ Suni 

ii^ The TM^amentary ^\%r oi-t 

AD. 91 jMnnl. gum of 3000A And touching Ac Chn^ )af tk* 

'***' C«itrad, a4>o«t payingAe 8000/. old Arrean, the 

Lord Trw/urcr faith, That »J1 tie 8000 /. ww n«t 

Aid Arrears, as is pret^ded, far l^at 3,Soo /. there* 

of was ihcn newly due by (Xiiut«:r-Boo]cs, for cei> 

tain Quarters ending at iiSdjummtr^ ihe nexHiefoi* 

the (aid Year of our Lord i62r. And aMb fwth, 

Y'hat his Promile therein was made before be Ve* 

«me Lord Treafurer ; and that Pcomile was but to 

4o his Endeavour to get the BoooA paid j the &sM 

leing a juft and due Debt ovigg to atwut TOO poor 

families, whofe [ve^g NeceffitieB would bav» 

lerced him, after he camcto thePlaceofTneafori- 

«-, to have given theni Satisf^otj, if he had made 

irm fuch uncertain Promife before ; an4 the fxA 

Pebt was paid at thirteen fcveral Tioies, by &vera) 

portions, as Money could be bcft foamed, between 

/^arcblb^l, and 3^1623; and aie King's Ma* 

jefty was fo far from being prejudiced by the Lord 

Trcafurer's Dealing in this Bar.gain, rfiat his Ma- 

^efo was thereby eafcd from Ae repaying of the 

laid 13,062/. 41. JOid. according to the laid Cot 

venant : And, to make it appear that no <^pre(i' 

^on «■ Power wa5 ufed in this Purchafc. for any 

«riv3te Benefit, or otherwife, nor that tJie famt; 

■was paid for by making of Baronets, and Suits te 

4he King, as is pretended, the faid Treafurer wiM 

undertake, and freely offeredi, that the Lands {bait 

be conveyed again to whom this Honourable Houfe 

fhall appoint, upon Payment of the faid 9000/, 

vnd Teafiiiring of his faid Leafes and Ipterefts in dv 

faid Petty Farms, with Repayment of the Monie* 

received upon the fame. It wing alfo ^parent by 

his Declaration, That if any fuch Suits, Oppreffions, 

fw other hard Meafure, had beoi offered touching 

«he faid Lards or Leafe, as is alledged in the faid 

Charge, the fame were no Way done by the LonJ 

Treafurer, or by his Privity or Dircflion, or whilft 

Che faid Lands remained in his Hands, which wat 

dot for above five Months ; fo as the faror can Iq 

BO Manner concern the hori Trcafwer, neither 



V E wot AND. its 

iiotb lie know Qf any ^ing Jofte herein hjptf*^ a%t$m% 
pfher, fait wl^ Iwth teen juft uiA lawful,* ****• 

* Aai as to dtrBiwMieta, the iiune nod&iog it aft 
ctmcemttlt tbu iMxttxr ; hvt vns a Grace of tbtt 
King's Majefly^ (upon tbe Suit cf a No^lnnaiv 
«4io m? soBftedt^ the Lord Treafurer) which 1^ , 
«vap finfci to confer vpon 5{r T^nnf J/oui^, iff 
t^rd oF thp Li^ of nis Office -of Havriccs j ai)4 
tlie Giine taking no EjFed; his Majefr^, upon ^ 
(aifl Sir Thm^ Muai^U l«fe Petidon, mu pleale^ 
in llni of ^c Baronet! fbmiedy intended Aim, t# 
grant anot^ 'Suit for ^ comppunding vith cer- 
tain of tfic Copyholders in Jl^ff^h/Ec/iC forcheVaJue 
pf 50/. by the Yeari whereof^ai yet he badin* 
ceii^ no Fruit at all.' 

7%« HyMB«.s AHtwss «^ tbt fiiJhox.^ 
TaiAsuR«R to the JtUitiM^fittCii AtMt. 
rtttmd from tht Mp^ Hamyrmt Cttut ifthi 
Ht^htr Houfi of ParUanuHt, t* TimnHay «b 
ag/Aj/April, 1624. 

TO that Part whiA concmw Jiiin, af h« ««# --.,_, »__ 
Mafter of the Great Warfcobt, the Ciid wT^Sl 
Treafurer faith, * That he hcAd that Office/orthe «t 
three Years mentioned in the Chai^ and that, , 
within that Time, he did receive^eordinary Affif n- 
fnent of 20,000/. prry^«m,ortl)erealx>uts; where« 
in, be concctyea, he did no ill Service to ^ Xjqc 
when he did Tcduce the vaft Chaj;ge qf that Office 
to 2C,ooD /. per Annum ; and, hy three Y)suv£ib> 
perience, to ibew his Majeftythp Means how Ihji 
tto,ooo t. mi^t be again red^iccdto i^^ooo/. -ik&di^ 
he coHceives* is no Argument that he hatfabFOu^K 
that Place to any Difordcr or Con&iHon, as, to * 
Gencr^ity, is objeficd.' 

* It is true that he inailE 110 Account, for )i{s 
Tinie, neither for the WardTDhe^n^rftH* the Quce^ 
Tuneral ; neither W3« thete any Caule my Jtf 
Jhould fo do. for that, by tUs Majefty'i Contra^ 
with him for the Wardftdte, he was to dilchvw 
ttie oc^oary Char^ tttenof fiir 26,000/. at ^ 


^11 jaoKiJ.piyji Hazard ; acid, for the fiud Funeral, havinC 
■• «*H* Warrant, by Privy-Seals, to receive 20,000 /. he 
xeedved but the,_Sum of 13,503^. and yet- favcd 
Tome- Krt-iliereof, belides wbjt he.yearly faved 
upon the ordinary Allowance of the Wardrobe,: 
With all which Savings he, from Time to Time, 
truly and particularly, acquainted his Majefty, 
not being willing (o gain fo much by the fame ai 
lie found he did, wi£out his Majefty'a Privity and 
gracious Allowance; who, being rightly and truly 
informed of all the Particulars, did, upon the fald 
Xord Treafurer's voluntary furrendering of that be- 
neficial Contrafl for the Wardrobe, for Advance* 
ment of his Majefly's Service, having therein an ' 
EAate for his Life, grant him a general Relcafe and 
Pardon, by Indenture under the Great Seal of Eng- 
iandj for all Mattprs concerning the faid Office of 
the Wardrobe and Funeral aforefaid,* 

He further faith, * That, in thcTime of his be- 
ing in that Office, he paid divers extraordinary Sums, 
which were not within his Bargain, upon f^veral 
Warrants and Privy Seals; as, 3000/. to the Earl 
of CariiJJe, about 2000/. for new-furnilhing £ly 
■ ■ ■ Houle for the Sptinijh Ambaflador, above loco/. 
*■ • for a new rich Sarge-rCloth, and other extraordi* 

., nary Difhurfements of about 1000/. more; for 

all which, amounting to 7000 /. or thereabouts, he 
never yet received, or demanded, any Allowance j 
and, if any Man hath any thing owing tohim, irj 
the Time that the (aid Lord Tregfurcr Was Officer, , 
(as he is well afTured there is none, except fomc 
fmall Remains upon the Foot of fome private 
Itcclconings) the fame are no way chargeable upon 
the King ; the Ikjd Lord Treafurer being their 
proper Debtor, and bound, by that Indenture, to 
difcharge the fame, which' he hath been ever ready, 
upon their Demand, to do accordingly; it being 
acknowledged by the Creditors of the Wardrobe^ 
that they have been better paid and ufed in his 
Time, than either before or fmce. And, concern- 
ing the Charge, of his not duly ferving the Lord 
Ch^mb^r|ai^'s Warrants for Supplies, it njay wc^ 

\..^ ^ 

te that fome few Parcels, in Ibjne Warrants, which A"- •• J**" 
f:ould not then be fuddenly pipvided, were, upon ' **^ 
that Occdion, or hy fome Faplt or Negligence of 
his Servants, trufted in that Bufinefs, left unferv- 
ed : But that neither hath been, is, or (hall be, any 
X^fs to the King; for he acknowledgech it to be 
juft and fit, that he Ihould provide and furnifh the 
fame at his own Charges ; tho' the Negleft of that 
Attle is no great Matter, confidering he has difbutfed 
io much for his Majefty in Extiaordinaries, as aforcr 
4aid, for which he never yet had any Allowance.'. 
' Xo that Explanation of the former Charge, 
concerning his not repaying the Merchants the Im- 
jK>ft5 due unto them, upon the Exportation of Su- 
gars formerly imported, according to his Majefty's 
Xetters Patent, of the 5th of September^ l6jD» 
the Lord Treafurer faith. That the Ufage in that 
particular is fuch now, as hath been ever Itnce the 
Impoft was iirll: laid, without any Alteration by 
him, or any for him, in his Time; neither did anv 
Merchant bring his Certificate, and make his Dc- 
Qund for that Allowance, according to the Fonn 
prefcribed by thefe I-etters Patent, as the Lord 
Treafurer is informed by thofc that farm the Im- 
"pofts of him : And therefore there could be no De^ 
/lia! when there was no Demand made. And, be- 
c^de^, this is fo far from being a Matter of Senefit 
to the Lord Treafurer, that the Farmers of the Im- 
poft under hjm (who fliould have that Ptoiit,, if 
there beany) have been, and are willing to give 
the Merchants Content jn their Defire, if they will - ' 
petition his Majefty, and fue out a Privy Seat to 
warrant it j without which, it hath ever been un- 
derftood, it could not be done in refpeift totheKing's 
Intereft therein, "and in regard it ntver hath been . ' 

^owed heretofore.' 

, * All which the faid Lord Treafurer doth averr 
to be true iii all Points, and (hall be ready to juftify 
and maintain the fame, in fuch Manner as this Ho- 
Jiourable Court {ball award.' 


i _ .:..-. ^^„ 

iM Tie ParBanmamy tli«T«]tr 

Ag.a»|Mnl, AftertheftAffiun were afltai4ttlK Lords ncttri 
^*»^ «I s Meffi^ from lite Commom* idow «rith bH 
Bills, iiiq>wtiDfl;, * That the^ defired m CoaftreBC^ 
with tbetr Jjormaph on the Sulijeft «f two .ether 
Bills* then before dirm ; and, tt the frme Tiaw^ 
they prefentad a I V t hi op to ^k Hmfe froni dtmf 
Merdnnts, whofe Names are thcretmto fiibfcribe^ 
Contiiuung a Com^iaist ^araft dte Lord TreaTne;^ 
for an Impofotoa on Bc^n } i^idi Coiii{4aM 
they liuniUy lefcrred onto tbetr Lwdfliips, ani 
compaced the fanje with sn Impofttion (aid ea 
/WniA "Wines, even when ificir Merchanfifle was 
in tiK River of 7!>a»Kf ; And afinneJ that tIA 
lud doubled the O^ipn&fm vn ^ Meicfaants ; fer 
Uiat the Archduchcfs, out of wfaofe Covntiy dm 
dope came, d>d tbereupwi hjr new IsrogfitiDnsw- 
en the Manufadines v thn Land. l.^ftty, Tw 
Commenu conceire, thff this new Irapofitton oB 
Hops was laid, withofit any oAqt Warrant Am 
the Iiord Trca&irer's LettfT. 

This Petition tinm the Meithants was offered 
to be read, and was contained in theteWwds: 

To ike Howur^le AflcaaUy of the Cvnimm 
Hottle af Parliamcv^ 

Tbe HvMVLE Petition of (yndn' MwcH*im 

wfaofe Names arc here under hAfcribed, 

TteUnthwb JL^O ST humify fine. That whertai^ In ^ Reign 

MiM i|ita« ■/« ifthelaU ^ett Elizabeth, ntttimiaBft a«d 

W^ until tie favid Yiar tf the Kin^s Maj^'s ktipi 

that ntw iu Htpt were rated jhr the Ci^tm thtngf 

0t Tvehe-penee per every Hundred height. J^ttr- 

warAf in the Time v^ten the Barl tf SalUbuTjr m^ 

hard Treafwer^ there wai, impojjsd m Hm Six-pem» 

lOaa every Hundred^ whuh i»m dont r/ Qnmtt wf 

H>e Mtreimti ; iu>hi<h faid Cuftom gad Infyl hetb 

tomimudfeKKUlOSsatiCT tf>2a.. 

At tbe Ttrntf vuhtntmir P^tientrt, fmt tthirty 
hud iraught iMo ihis Xingdem, and ittta the Siver 
Thames, great ^mtitiei ef I^pt, the now Lutd 
Tret^urer wrtte hs Letter u thi C^«ii<Ab/^. 

-V BN GLAND. 199 

Dimegt tf tbtfini H§ft i vAicb wtt inn imtint 
juir Pttihmert KnnaleJgey tbty mttkhif mflri^ing 
M^JilM ChmMIMm { fr nMt mptt IMT Ffttumtrt 

fortut Upajtm Sinews fn- ntry Umind «f H^i^ 

, 93m tGwn S»m£tn tf FlMctb, ad- ttha-it 
it«W r4ca»i4 i/f tJMr Gmit upu Btiultt h ^"^ 
4fllttJ^hAt^f^AniMSMl»ai bid £vm.rfikm 
Ainarwl^ fiadtbrir' Mmiu^ Ktr trntrtd up^ 
Wt ttff ikm^i h et, i»9t gnm firth m S.p*^\ 
noanthjiania^ tht PtlHivMrt, mofi af ttmu wtn 

tttimfgrf^mi/ i»t^tnbU LA md UiMdtramt^ 
mitArr bmn ttttrtd im. BMbJir iiijmu, toM 

ii»94^i»tn^ 0id»tt»f*, at ^i^id, tttiet wat if 
frtat laift/i laid m in Flandtrir (»/£« Archdutbeft^^ 
CMOUttf. fi"^ i^tu^ itbt Jad Baps camtt up$n 
Fufiima md ttbtr ^ our nettvt Cmmoditin \ which 
itotkanUlhtigrreafMf- tf tkt PetititaA-Xf tndtt 
Ikt trmHanmtdpt^itdietitf the, Qmrnu^JVulA 
i»ff*triHi. andtf m- SmtAn hit, Mgf^/er tlu 

C'fmt. \. ftf that, Jina Ms ^eat btf^imt, that 
•i^iiM ttiiu^.kithtP:ilm twmtiith P4rt tf'tSi>/i Gtm^ 
mmMa atptmrffn 

. Tht PaMiamrs hmnhlft mMmT the Hnmraik Af' 
fimifytauAt CmfOti^atiM rf th* Pr*ii^J}is, MiU 
*-« htcatu mm hit Mt^M ^ HieJaidPttitieiitrt 
_^aiayhr^d thtfiU MuUf fi inoilU; md tbai, 
At bnfafttvpmat I^asiftrtfiiid, nMAartfiiU 
amtiimMt, ma/ h itJuetd. imu th* futiur RaU tf 
£^fhUt>i-ptmt upm wgry hbmdred Wtigbt tf tht 
fiadHapfi whartif jivr Petitiaiurt^ntay he tbehttttr 
aMhUdtt tiMiHut their Tradt, nhiA itbtnoift thtj 
mmfi rf Nte^hf deflrt. jhdfmrthtr^ that thfir 
BimAf^ftfwterljiealrrMiiiittt mafh^rtrdiSvtrtdmta 
Ittn tt ht tanttHtd, 



JU,«»jiiwl^ ^' A&y 3. After 'fomcbther'-BniJuers Aonehf^ 

i«»4* tords, another Petition "from the Lord'TrCafure* 

Was exhibited to' tiiat'ikurej and read in the^ 

Words: ■ ''- ■ ' ' ' '^ 

To the RigheHonountde Afl«mbly of die Loida' 

' Spiritual-and.TemponU inthe lii^cr [foufcoC 

, Parliament. . V'l. ■■ _ 7, ■ 

CfHE Lord'Treafurtr iaih hereviifh mjl hutiAff 

wXiST' P'-ffi"* " yo«r Lord/hipt fuch IntnrGgannes, 

ta C<^ of tl« concerning -the reji of- his Charge, as hi humbly d^es 

■DtfaO^ »- lit U^tneJJii vmj it txarmned ufon ; as welt thaf* 

, ffrmerly deltVered te . the majt tionourablf Heufty «r 

ihafe whofe Names he' now humbly frefenmhto'that 

'Purpofe hereunder written, 

■ And fince your Lordjhifs have apfainted Yniif thf 
*]th, peremptorily, for the Hearing of his Caufe,'Ut 
mo/i humhh.Suit is, to know thtPleafurt ef this ma/I 
Honourable ^oufe, concerning the Cefiesef the Dep»^ 
'Jhions, if hi rtiay receive thtth in fame cetrvenieM'nme 
"hefhre, whereby ta'frfpare htmfe^for knsjaji D^tnUt 
iBSainJt the Day appointed. -> 5, 


*■■ The -Names dt die Witn^f annexed, and dit 
Xnterrogatorica beiiig alfo rcad^ itwas ordei^. That 
the Lord Treafurer Ihould haVB Copia of all De* 
^fitions, t&keft dn his Part, two Daj^s befdre th<? 
Hearing^ Th« Lord Keeper mdved theHoufe 'Tb 
^onfider of the Lord Treafurer^ ' fOwfler PetlriOB 
for Copies Vf the DepofitiO¥ii CDncemiftg him, 
VMch were denirtlb^ufc they Were untefifonabljE 
rt*red, his own Wimefles not being then examinaH 
wid whether their Lordfliips wiUnotnow think k 
fit that the- Lc*d Treafurer fhal! hare Copies of aN 
Depofitidnrbefote his final Anfwcri and the rathes, 
becaufethis mayprove a leading C^feto PofterityV* 
The Lords referred the" Confidcration therecii( 
ynto the Lords Committees for Privileges, fit, 
who beirtg Withdi^wn upon it,' and returned, they 
^ave itt meir Anfwr, m At t« be entered forto 
Order. ...,...: 1 


■ f E l^G L A"J4 t. " i^r 

-TlSrt in aU C^t it ix thought fit and jufl^ *)*f ■^. i« Jiim«» 
PtMcatim ht mad* a reafanahUTmt brfar't the •'**■ 
Party accufed maki his find Anfwtr j and that, tffl'fl-'wUch it gnii* 
Putlieatien, he may have Ctfies, fr/ily, of ali Jrli'-f^'. 
veffti, as vjtll agat^ him ai far bim: '' 

May 4. This Day, amongft other Bulinefs, Jiis^ 
Royal High)iB(s the Priirire lignified to the Lbrds, 
* That his Majefty's PlealuM was, the wholff 
*■ Houfe (bould wakon him. To-morrow at Two, . 
*- lo the B»iqiieting-Houfe at WHtihall, And, 

May J. The Lord Keeper, removing from hi^ 
Place to his Seat on the Eari's Bench, made a Re-- 
port to the Lords of his Majefty's Speech to them;^ 
on Wednefday, the jth of May, in the Afternoon :i 
But becaufe the faid Speech, he faid, was inimi-', 
table, hia Lordihip^lefired that he might read the. 
lame, which he did ; and alterwards the Clerk reatlt 
it aifo in thofe WonJs ; ■ ■** 

His Majesty's Speech at Wlntehall, to-thcXfp*! 
' per Houft of Parliament, May^, i6a4t cdn- 
. cerning the Lord Trbasvker. - ' '7 

.■My Lords, , > -,1 

f\ F- Merry and of judgment beiht my Lordi, m^'-^)yg kj„,., 
^^ Speech ^11 be unto yeu. There ira grtat 0^cer*Spech to ilw 
«/" mine ^rtty to come before y9u, accufed of divhs Lwdi con«min| ' 
Mifdioteanoru I am the Judge- in viofe room yoii^^^^^^' 
are to extreife Judg/ntnt j for as I am under God" 
in this Throne, ft you are under me: Thertfwe P 
have been defitouS- t*(rt / might open tnyftlf unto you^ 
hnent this Matter and Occajion ; and, as I have onci- 
faid in a Parliament before to you, fo tvlil I pnmiji- 
tajhewyou, as in a Cryflal, my Heart out of mf 
Mouthy in ftteh fort as no falfe Heart or TiAgUf- 
fiall be able to blemijh what I fhall reprefent unie 

Ttimg fudgmeia, next under Go£, whieijou are 
fa extrcifi at Ait Time ; and therefote, as a Judgi 
infiruSs the. fury btfo^t the Prifoner diparlsfrvm the 
SoTf fo it becomes me to tell you how to &^rf yoiir-\ 
■.. .. fth/ts 

(t) dtM s^ 5. vu. r. f . !>{• • 


19a. 51^ iPdrJRrtiiwiftffy HisTfl»y 

b u. Jtmtt JtymOfiltat in liur grtM B^Ms v atft tit 

^ /ml tfymf Carruv' ^^ t M 'ff^ Jm^mU^ 

jMd fali tarOfmy tf m JffniMioMf Jpnufi » 
Ged it vMuld be a. gnat Miftrf » mt,-^ and a gnattr ■ 
Gtkf mtt ytlo' Utmlt. 

B4fm tit 1^ ParlMmmt Inntr favr mij Pn^ 
t§4em»f tkit Jiatur*.: he tbt kfi^ *gait^ aaathtr 
gjrttM Vfietr tf mint thert MeJeJm Mnmilitt^fitm' 
mtt hitmifiyt iWRcwi Gmiit«rtn«; fri tlm tkr' 
Ft&tjfiMds ufn hh Im/Ufiettitm j- and thmfmv yt 
hav moift lited t* Im <m^ txandiu i* iotU. 'FhtFr 
iti»DMthtaHiff<fjmr4lif^yt^i jmttwrm^- 
ifym mMf b»^^> thfrefi art luhk ky titir Phtety 
jeu Art iht mqft hdntKrabie "Jtiry tf Y.n^Bii\ war d9 
I inlimi fmt^ir it' ai^uS fim, tim ta gi*t ^mt' 
Mpty many Eytsfei fmft mat mii fimt Lr^t imf 
tbii Mater. No King is the ■anrfifor AiMmttaf 
Us Cauncil, mr Jhail you it ftr rtctiwng mf Aitnsi 
mmf Ji^raOitn. 

■ bt alt Matter t of I'rjei itAert an Dnidlt^ tkrt 
Thing! artfpeciaUf t« he tmfidn'tdf the Wtritf ^ tbt 
FaS, and Grtatntfi of the Guilt. 

For thefirjiy Tom cannot be too £Sgttlt tti tlv 

duilitcsre quam ImtftKntetB' damnue'. 

tf At Ogetme i fity ^ jHw Pmnfimtnt btjm infii» 
ritr t» At Crimt^ tf » m Invitarimt It m mmt mtm 
Offtnttt. Andf ^ itbe «vtr and t^avt-lH^ Ofineoy 
it it flaiH h^iet aitd Tyremtif: thtrefie*, yea^ 
PiMiJbmMf nutfi bt tvtf btUiaUd itt Iihafgft and 
Mtdtratiity aectrdiy tt the ^iiality of th Ofikttji 
YoH viill doy I am firef tvhat «■ fmy dotK fif ff^ 
havteAenagrtoHr Oathliainheyi ^•■htiejkHni^ 
■tfmjwr HmiVt tt mt^ hy""" Cinfiieiutyfitvgrd^ 
t God. 

- Jnd^hn^d l/lMtgi^07mai of mtlHiim^ JMIf 
XA^AtaitfUt Ptrfm of tht Man^ andOm^ 
mOfiilie»tf tbtQtttrJi v/Athpuart-U i$i^imy»ii^ 

■ ftr 


-^ E N G L-A NDv'--' 193: 

■ P4r iht Ptrfin ef the MM \ ■ thtfirft Ait^intanA-a^.^ JrtWfc 
that I hadvntb him wat hy the Lord of Northamp^'. !**♦• ' 
ton, {loho it with God) Uiha a/ien brought him- uiBo 
me a private M4h, before he waifo tnuch as piy Ser- 
Mutf . He then made fa many Projeffifor my Profit^ 
li{u/ Buckingham ^//t» Liking with him^ afUriht-^ 
Earl »f Northampton's Dtathy and brought him inta t 
mjt Senife, far I profefs it here openly, and I am 
^adheitnot by to bear me^ Thatt be/idesbim, Ituvtf^- < 
fmojttmg Ciiunier thai careful for the Xing'*- ' 

Prefiif without aify ^htiJ, as Budcingham wat.\ 
Htfotiitdthit-^wfifludiaui/fr my Profits., thatbt.. 
iatied him hg^^ lr*a.t Ptrfinagis and Mean f with-,, 
tttt fearing any Awn. Buclu5ghaih laid the Qcaundi^ 
ati bare the Eavy ; he toei,tht laborious and mini-i 
fterial Part upm himy and thut he tame up to hit i^rv-''. 

/ wat ebceii/id if he was not a good Officer ; ht wat, 
OK Infirument^ under Buckinghaniy f^r Rcformatisa-\ 
«f the Haiijholdt the Navy and the Exchequer ; Buck- . 
itlf^iam fitting Urn on^ and laiing upon himfilf tht-. 
Emiy of all the Officers. Jnd he himfflf protefled-^ 
mat^ a Time to me. That he had not' bteti able to da- 
me any Service, in the minifttrial Part, if Bucking*^ , 
h)dn bad not : hoiked him init.:.' Hereupon I thoupit 
him the fitteft Man for this Place. i behadfeen befort 
tht Abujtsin the ExchequeTf injkte Navy, and tn a 

thoujaiid other PaHiculfrs, 
, / mu/i there) 

thtrefore put you in' mind of one Thing, and: 

yufliceforceth me fo to de : Hi calinat but have, ■ 
mai^ Enemies j all Treafurers, if they do giod'Str^K 
ifce to tbejr Majiers, muft be generally hated, <^i 
Monf. Rofne^ luai in Franc?, 'And a Tridfurer. 
cannet oblige me more, than when I find Suitois big\ 
fr»m mty and fray me net to f(n4'.f>y- Reference to- tbf- 
Trtv^urer, betauft he gives them jia^tod A"]'^^*"^' * 
, Tws KtHdi,of People are fontiniialfy hated ItLGfurt^X 
Tseafurers^ and UJhers \ beceufe this latter muji of.. 
Netejfiiy ptd fUfgrifces upon Men, and {he :%-kajurtr$\ 
f«^fi-/i»tp..tbe.%i^gfrem,Importiit}iiy ef niTiyiiliitapnk 
J pray judge net by the' A^(liiim,;^^4hi\Piepfe\'^i 
hy, f^ Hatred */' the People ; ycu muft aymid Utk 
Vol. VI. . N thefe% 


10+ Thi ParUaiunhry Mietblt^' 

^•VL^mUAtfi-, Md ihtrtfire Ju^ts if old wiri'^enU^ 

*tht fieond- Thing frereminend.U yeur Cm^Aefa*' 
tun is, Tf>^l yi'i 'm* upm afiund Tria/y fi that the 
Offtna he dear ; and, in the next Pkat, when flM 
pU a Coufe ef Pumpmttti, let it ht- within mi mt' 
V^^ta the Limits of his Defert. 

}iov} I fiall rtfotnmmd to yeu Jiirie GenA'-ah ; n»t 
. ft/rbii lUfpea ar Pdrtimlm:, but tny Kvn, my Sifn't 
Md, Pafieritfs, Jmd ysttf- awn, my Lords^ whtfr 
Parf Gtd timvs when it may fall' unit. Lit rio 
Man'i fartscuiar Snds bring' forih aPrtc'edgttti that 
may k prejudltini tt you all emd your Hfiri t^tr' 
yiu ; Preeedtnts ihert Wt ntHtef many TtarSi Ufifi't^ 
this ohA the hji Stffiom. The Inftrhm WW aSB'- 
Lower. Haafe, mdtie XJpfer HeSff'MretA^-yudgtf.' 
Jj^ the jitcujation came in by the Party wronged^ theit \ 
. jUi have a fair Entrance far Juftue; if by Men 
that ftarch and hunt '^fia-<rtbir Men' i^Lifses, beiAarV- 
tf it, it is dangtroMS j /( may be yillt twn Gafi Aia- • 
ihtrTimt. Na Men sanjand- itpr^f* hefire &sf- 
d»d Mont if every JH^ hisjhaii^ be en^irid iif-^ 
tefy mid haunted eta by evety Min, vhi^ghit csH^Hf- 
ibn net. ' . . • '■ 

The main Grattnd inan Inf*rmati<m it thii, Thi^ 
tkMf atnpleining flxuU fry. This tf^dn^ he hath 
dmunt; if he-hai> nrrupted Judictetwt in Jiii.'g~- 
fnentf of taken a Bribe te lie Hurt ef ffn' Inkettnt j 
^, in Sxtartien^ he' hath turefied, by Viidtk^, frvm 
the Party'; here ii nfetfi Grlund far an Mtufitim, 
Sat for every hufy Ftlitto ta turn hifuifieris a ?*mf 
it^fferable; how far it faUt thus, inthisPOrfiae- 
iar, I inow not. Bribery, as I wskld dUfne it, if 
VBhm-e a fudge recavei a Reward egmnfi the Imta- 
' ant; Extartim it'dagi, when MtAey is ivhaig from- " 
Iifo Suijea by tht Greatnefs ef a Man's PeiWtt, and 
" . . . ^ y^ ^ a^dtmeamr is, ^hen a 
, and tfprejftth the patr St^ 
, ^ d this Point, and I da net doubt 
kit, when ht tomes' btftrt >«», 31U will htar btm mith 
Tfiiatr Old Putinutr 

$ ' ■;■■'■■ ifm 


tffe Subjta by tht Greatt 
iy the Denial of yuflia 
Mm abufeth his Place, . 
Jtffs. fhavt £fouged i). 

■ 'M*, irvf L»hJs( Yfi>ek far Jufticn !/ ih!i '^a-'nj'"''* 
.Pbrlyh^eioittk, dfitrjkchart ElainpUJh-ewidtbe !;'f- .. 

i^SS^\ hisFaittli'/^Heifirhg iamt in iipm. . '".'..- *■ 
it itfj^rmttMi and ht dtfi^yitni ike-ViMipHtihi if ' . ■ - ' 
Uheri: This / would JSy ia fou, if I was to' die ihi's, 
Hour: krr(ribyikifiakinz,Gadf6t^}dihat-jfouJbeuld 
he f^jgi^iVi i'» veitfitring miVi\ tut Errors that (tri 
ioiifiSf /pare Hem not: • ■ > 

Some et^stii Men ifS'J^/aVi peradiJ/^hre^ hhigb/i 
H^ePrnttr, hive Joni hitter ; but th'ii it not eri- 
Wmal in him : Sttii/, Vf Befeit and Co^tngge^ by, 
i^ittg ilihfolf, hehath _hinHe'red fny Bjlate, he ii 
\derfe ihah a DivH. . ^t-ea/ur/rs eanust be barred 
frm-fiteing, afni the }&nfs Liieraiify no Mm can 
tontrvui. Jf he hM'-l^lped' him/elf, with the Kifi/t 

■ 'i-t^fffyy- there are l^^s Things laid to hh.'Ch<2rgei 
^ii^kh 'wtf^e Sme lA/iih' fm Knowledge and Ap^roba- 
HiHji #f him hedr no 'Charge for that, for that it 
tHifiey ^nd I mufi bear ii. For if you ,queJ}ioh hirh 
fir tWtJ fach Thing, you piirtijh me ; if any ihitti 
teae^S kpoH hihi iti thin. Kind, either huddle not with 
(f, *_^fl^, ^d htdw the P^erifyfrtfH he. ' I loVe my 
^ef^mts, ' God is my mtntfs, but it H oMjfor Virtue'! 
fcrfc } mrf he it an un?Jappy M^^tr ilxil doth not Itv^ 
a fkii^ Servant. .But, if there appear in my af 
teh* FaifliMii and Treachery-, akd Deceit uriderXr^/t, 
H^ Love is gone, ift'^l ^^ Angel, lie bf^opie a 
Devil, Iwfllifever.exci^ hint :' t will Htvtr mafn~ 
tainAnyManinaitidCaufei ' ' , 

■ "tiie Report of th6 Kiiig s Speech being itiade^ 
*fhi6h fefcms to fcrte as an Introduflion to the 
TriaT, tht tx>rd Keeper obferved furflier, * That 
llis Majtfty fald^ he did hot "deliver this Speech out 
of any Sufpicroii of their L'ordfliipsj but only in EKft 
tharge of his Duty arid Cojirciehce.' Which, th« 
ilotrfe oriered to be entered; , , 

The Lord Treafurer being to apjiear. this Day 
te the Bar, it ^as firft agreed^ That when his Lord-i 
6iip came he fliould kneel. And being brought tff 
flie Ba^, by theGelltleinalitJflier, not having his 

N 2 ' titatF . 


a 96 ^ Parliamentary 'tits Tof.r 

An. 11 JuDBl. Staff In his Hand sts Lord Treafuter, he Icn^cj- 

'**♦• until the Lord Keeper willed him to ftand up4 

Tbe Lord Trt«- Then Mr. Serjeant Crav came to the Clerk't 

J™^'" Table, and opened the Charge againft him-tt. this 

■Whew the At- "TpHE Conjriions of £»^</, being the gener4 

dj^thfcwi,' " iBquifiton of the Sores, and Grievaijces of 

ifiinft him u the ICingdom, have prefented chcir Complaint 

Maft" (rf tb« agair.ft this great Lord artd Officer ; wt^ereof, and <jf 

* other MiiHemeanors, thur I^rdfliips bave before 

talcen Cognizance. That he is to charge him, the 

,^rd Treafurer, with Violation and Breach of 

Truft, in defrauding the King who trufted himi 

and with Bribery and Opprcflion. 

" ' That he would begin With his Lbrdfliip's ftlifT 

demeanors in the Office of the Wardrobe j and 

fliew. That, heretofore, that Office being very 

expenftye to his Majefty, by reafon of the Chai^ 

and Provifiofi of the King's M^efty, for the Que^n, 

for Prince Henry, the Queen of Btbttmay mid the 

Prince's Highriefs that now is, he, the faid Lord 

Trcafurer, inform^ his Majefly of theGreatnefs of 

his Charge, ard that he would fave his Maj^fty a 

Seat Part thereof; whereupon he procui;ed the 
ffice to himfelf J but he ftood charged with i\or 
thing, fave the ordinary Provifion for his Majefty.* 

* He is madeMaftcr of the Wardrobe, S^t. 14. 
' Anra 16 yae. Regis. 

* And, Dtc. 26. Jnm 18 Jae. the King recit- 
ing, ' Whereas we' had certain Notice tiiat Sir 

* Lierul Crmf^U'i in the Execution of the faid Of- 
" fice, hath (0 direiUy and carefiiHy performed the 

* faid TruH, in that Behalf committed tohim^ at 

* that, by the fmall Time of his Service there, great 

* Sums of Money have been, and are likely, y«ir-> 

* ly, to be abated, in comparifon of former £»•. 

* pences therein for fome Years paft; andalfo that, 

* by tile Continuance of his Care and good Endea- 

* vours in the faid Service, our former great yearly 

* Expencc of the Wardrobe hath been reduced 

* \viihin ibe Sum of zc>00&/. uid yet with tbe 

'• Main- 


tf RH G LAND. 107 

* _Matntenancc of the former Sute thereof : And An, ,* juM*lr 
' that of 20,000 /. aiHgiied for the Queen's Fiuie- »*M- - 

* ral, he had received 15,500/. and ao more ; and 

* that the faid Sir Lionel, by bis difcreet and careful 
*. Performance of that Truft, hath, with the faid . 

* 15,500 /. difcharged the faid Funeral honourably, 
' and in fuch Sort as was requifite,and hath brou^t. 

* the faid Charge within the Sum of 15,500/. and 

* yet there were black Cloths and Stuft's to the Va- ; 
' lue of 2000 /. or thereabouts, and fbffie Part alia 

* of the faid Money faved :' The King, thereupon,i 
grants him all that he had faved of 20,000 /. for the 
Year ended at Michatbnai, 1&49, and for another- 
Year ended at A^chtulmai, 1620, the ordinary* 
Charges dedu£bd ; for which Sums he agrets to 
difcharge the ordinary Charge of the Wardrobe | , _ 
and the King grants the black Cloths, StutFs, and> 
Monies unto me faid Sir Lifstl, remaining of the . 
faid 15,5007. fisr the' Funeral, for the Dilburle- 
ments for the Ordinary of the Wardrobe, for which 
he was to account i but not for the Suiplulage- 
which he faved of the 20|000/.' 

* Dec. 27. ^nne iS^Jae. the King makes the 
fame Recit^, ut fupra; and, having given the. 
Surplufage for two Years before, doth now con- 
tinue it for Life, yoirly at Michatimas, upon his' 
Account, for the Wardrobe, the ncccflary Difburfe- ; 
ments dei^u£ted, and gives him the Surplufage with- 
out further Account,' 

* Jan. ji, jIbiio i^Jacahi Hggit, the Lord 
Trcafurcr furrenders his intent, 

A^rt, He got, in thefe three Years, a* fliall ap- 
pear hereafter, 8000/. ptr Jmum, and had 
0000 /. given him at his Farewell. Jh toUy 
30,000 /.' 

* yan. 18. ^fim ig Jae. Regis, the King par- 
dons him all Sums of Money received by, him for, 
the Funer^ or Wardrobe ; and he covenants to 
difcharge the King of fuch Debts aS were due by 
him for the Wardrobe. By this it appears how 
the King trulls the Lord Treafuier, being MuAer 

■ N 3 - of 


i|9^ ^P^riiapteafafy HiiT oTLV 

jiA*t J^npT-'of Ac Wardnobe, and what Expcftat'ion ttieKlog 
'^^' had of hb extraordinary Service) that the Expence^j 
(hould be much ab^te^ and djminifhcd, and yet the. 
State of the Wardrobe maintained by competont. 
and lulficrent Supplies, and that what the Supplies., 
were, Oiould appear upon Account; and tocre-t. 
upon thp Account was the patent,' 

* And now Ice, iny Lords, hpw the WariJrobe, 
Is brought into Confufion, and how far it (s frotq^ 
the old State thereof ; which, by the Patent of niy, 
Lord, fhpiild have been maintained,' 

' • * And, in this, will appear unto your ^rdfitip^. 
lilatRly, 1. 

Breach of Truft and Fraud. 

* The Warrants to bf ferved for the Wardrobe, _ 
Cttrw from my Lord Chamberlain, from the Maf- 
Xer of the Houfhold, and from the Qroom of the 
Stole.' ■ ■' ■■ ,. ■ ■ 

f The Warrants apd Einptions th^eupon were 
uAially, heretofore, entered .in the Clerk of the;. 
Wardrobe's fiooksj that th^ ftovifions and Parti- 
culars fiipplied might appear.;, but, in my Lord' 
jTreafurer's'Time, no Warrants are brought in oc 
entered ; no Emptions entered, nor Book of Ex-i 
|jences kept b'y'tlle 'Clerk, as it ought to be.' 
■ ^ The^Glerk fiiould have furveycd the Parcels i 
bnt could not, thro' my Lords Default ; neither is 
fhere any Account mads as ought to have been : ^ 
ifind all this is contrary to the Patent, to the P^c- ' 
judici of the King, and o( the Officers and Wortt 
jnen in ^c Wardrobe. And, to the end his Pro- 
<:tedings'in that Office might not be difcovered^ 
^liis enf«ed further upon it, That the Warrants 
. ^ere ferved ftiort, and many not ferved at aJl ; 
(hofe that jyere ferved, were bafe and illjfiufFed withi 
great Delay and long Stiit j and yet the Suitors foi, 
■ the fame were (lighted by my Lord and his Officers.* 
* And although my Lord had his Money impref- 
fcd to him, yet he made iTicIc and fl^w.PayiinenpK' 
^th great 'Abatements of the prices formerly 'al- 
^ Ipwed. "Arid, "at niy tor'd's"aeparting"frDm'the 
^fficc, in January, ' Jnn't'n) Jac, he gets a Pardoi^ 

-^^ r._. :' L.(KH^Ie 

9^ E N G L A N D. 199. 

fiir 4II h(f faatli. received, wi^iout any Account, tsii An. *i Jim«k 
pbcained a Iieafe of the Sugars, for a Bccontpencv *** 

of his Sarrcoder-of that Office,'' 

Mr. Serjeant Crew having thui far <>pfliwd the 
Charge; the Qerk, by bu Direction, read th« 
Pepofitions of Witnelles ulten here to pcoye the 
Iftine, vi*. 

fh« BfOmlHotitH 9/ Sir Bens TniLWAt, Xnt. 
Uiitn the 2t>tb af A^rWt 1614. ' 

Ht deptfetbiB thefirfl ^iflim^ * What Moijey Depofiba« »! 

* was afforcd for Provifions .for the King's Service ^^^^ 
' in the Wardrobe, ordinary and extraordinary, du* .y^, 

* ring the Timt die Lord Trcafurcr was Mafter 
f there ? I lay, that I cannot certainly inform your 
f Lonl&ips; for that the Warrants for the Empti'- 

* ons, tha were ufually entered in the CWA of tbc 

* Wardrobe'sBookjweTenothroDghtinatallbythc 

* laid Maflerof the Wardrobe, during the Time of 

' my Service in the iaiA Office, at ftoi^d have bsen. ~ 

* For the fccond Part of the Charge, Whether 
' uiy diing wve put upon the Extraordinaryv 

- * wkich was heretofore ufed to be furnifhed upon 

* the Ordinary? I cannot tell ; for that there was 

* no Account made by the faid Mafter of the Wwxl» 

* Eobe, (wbich fltould have been done) tho' he wat 
f very oftcq folicitcd by me fo to do, and feemed 

< not to believe me, that he; by the Courfe of his 

* .Office, ought To to do ) for that, as he laid, he 
f had agreed wjth the King's Majefty, at a certain 
» Rate, to fijrnift the Wardrobe, 

* For comparing the Expences of the laid Lonl 

< Treafurer, for Ordinary and Extraordinary, yilk 
f Ae King only, with, the Expences of foimw 

* Tiqiej, I cannot make any dired Anfwer ; for 
f diat the faid MaAefin^e no Account as he ought 

* to have done. 

* To certify how the King's Houfes were fi»- 
« wfticd during the Time the l,ord Treafurer was 
' M*ft«* of iJw Wardrobe, M)d hQ¥ miff h wotfc 

N 4 ' than 

fTbe Parlianuntary HisTOR-V 

'■ ' than in fomfet Times, I cannot cotainly w^na 

* your Lordihips. 

* To certify the Charge of the Funoal of Queea 

* Anncy I cannot inform your LonUhips thereof; 

* W that it was before my Time, and there waa 

* no Account made thereof, nor Entry thereof a< 
' heretofore was wont to be. 

* To certify whether all the Provifions of die 
-* Wardrobe, during all the Time the Lord Trea- 
' fuTcr was Matter thereof, are paid, I heard dia; 

* divers of the Ccedicors are tiot pud ; but how 

* much is behind will beft appear hy the Examiaa- 
' tions of the Creditors. 

* For the Abufe of the Wardrobe, committed 

* during the Time of the Lord Treafurcr bdng 

* Matter there, I fay. That he h«th Jtcred th? 

* Frame and Courfe of that Office, to the Prqu- 

* dice of the King's Majefty* and the Artificen 

* and Creditors that fumimed the faid WarJrobe y 

* and, as I conceived, to the end his Proceedings iA 

* the faid Office might not be difcovered. 

* And where- riiere was fome Doubt made by 

* the faid Matter, of fome Things concerning the 

* faid Office, I did endeavour to give him Sadl^ 

* ia^on therein, but could not without the VicW 

* of fome Books of Accounts of the faid Offic^, 

* which, by his Dire£Kon, I brought unto him 

* long fincc : Thefe he commanded me to leave 

* with him to perufe; but I could never have them 

* again, though myfelf, and my Servant in thai 

* Office, very often attended and fdicitcd his Lotd^ 
'■* (hip for them, 

* ' For the Proviftons to be employed in the laid 

* Office, by letting on Work of Arras-Mcn and 

* Taylors, the ancient Ufc of that Office was, That 

* the Clerk fliould take Account of all that wia 

* brought in, and keep the fame, andfeeitemployetf 

* for the King's Service by the faid Workmen, and 
" fee what Time they began their Work and left it^ 

* but the faid Mafter took away the Key of that 
■ * Room where thofe Things were kept, and com<- 
-* mitte^tbelameto oneKrnry^^f), his Servant; 

* who 

- ;i^T^ N G U A N D.^ Sox 

* who le^'tlie-riune'duijngtbe Time of his be? Av>-»jMMt^ 

* ing M^er there j To » I could not perfbrm the .*,'"♦' 

* Service I ought to have done in that fkhal& 
,* For the Abufes of the Queen's Funeral, I <caa 

* by nothing of my own Knowledge, for it yna 

* before my coming into the Office ; hut have 

* beard that the Cloth that was provided by the (aid 

* Matter vnp had, and much complained of bv 

* many. . , ' . 

%. LtHalK, C. S. Thee. Hevun-d. 

G. Ctmt. Fra. RuffiU, - r 

^%a. Gov. (£ Litch. Hemy Damjtrs. 

^Arthw Bath tf WtUu Rshtt- Sptnetr. 

S%t Examhuliw ef CHAfcLSs Staklby, Cieri 
to the /aid Sir Bevis ThelwialU takm the fami 
■ Day. • , ',. 

* An Eftimate of the yearly Liveries pqt4 by 

* the Lord Trcafurer, witn Feei and annual Pcn^ 
.* JKHi^ with the Arras-Meii^cfs and- other Wo'rk^ 

* men's Pay, yearly payi^tc out of the' Grev 

* Wardrobe. 

/. s.'-.d, 

.^liiyencsl^ virtue of Letters Patent 35 ,0'. 4 

.* Lixtrie»>hy virtue of , Warrants 1„oa, „ ' g. 

E(onii«it . ', .' , ;*«'7 »7 

* Fees, V*?ft'J[*?t?> *Q'i annual Pei>- 1 , 

iiona J ■■ . f 

* Arras-Menders Pay, and other"]' . , ' '■ ^ 
I , Wortmen's Wages, with the ? 540 o, 9 

Stuff for one Year. "J 

Sum Total 3811 3 ip 

• As to whfit Nwnies was otherwife difburfelby 
* the Lord Treaiiirer, for and towards the Charge 
' and Expeiice of the PiDviiions of the Gita^ 
' 'Wardrobe, 1 know" but in 'part j t>ut the CredU 
' tors can b^ fatisly what feveral $ums' they havp 
'. teceived ; ■ aiid his Servants, ^a^a 3aro» and Mr. 
4 '. * Catthmty 


^ '^'^*' * ^""^'V t^^" ^^ *^' "'*'*' ^""^ pf W*wf wer< 
"**" ' received for the PrQvlfion of the GrtatWarSfobei 

* an4 what was pddbtit; for they received aJl, and 
^ paid allj for ought I know, 

■ * what Warrapts ttc received I know not, ii(4 

* what Was furniuied for tbein, either for ordinary 

* Service (rf extraordinary ; but his Man Ci&tci 
( Ihoutdbeftcertify whorecetyad'tIieWfa)Tantc,anA 

* m^ the Frw^iOQ of th<^e IThiiigs tha«-weit 

* fefved, 

< For thefcrnKblng of the King'^flpiiic \ fcnC'fr 
f nothing } but the- Kocpers 6f the feverai Stan4^ 
f ing Wardrobes, amTdie OfEcers of tlte ll.emo,vinC 

* Wardfotw, cw be(l certify wbat wat iepuA bjr 

* him. 

* For Hat F^end <^ 0ie late Q^nn ..rfbw} a« I 

* bsvc heard,' he had an AHowanceof 90,500^ 

* which my Lord Brui., as I fuppofe^ can b^ cer- 
f tify, who was-tiien Chancellor of tbfc ^xchequer^' 

f Apd of i3,iooJL or near thereabouts^ I know 

* was, by him, diflmrfefl fbrtheTaid Funeral, anq 

* more I know not of; for that Part of the Pt(^ 
f viAons waB provided by himfclf and Servants, 

♦ For the Provifion <lf Canvas, Leather, lofl 

* Thread, with other needful Neccflaries for _th« 
f mending a;^ lining of ticb Hangi:^ of An^ 

■ A and Tapcfiry, w^ich came from any of hip Msr 

* jetty's ijoulfcs to be mepded or lined in Places de- 

* leAive : For the Charge thereof I cajj (ay Qothkig 

* for thcfcthrpe Years j for, Vfiica he cacfiefir^tQ 
< be Mafter of the Great Wardrobe, he cauled oaa 

. f Hvry Jftji Ifis ' Servant, wro;igfuIly, to tdce 
f away the Key of Oie StOR-houfe, wlwrein f*ronT 
f fions of Cafivas,. Leai^her, Tlircad, and other 
f Neceflarieq, were kept, frotn the Aci;^ Cleilt of 
f -t uxlrobe i who yearly^ with hi% . 

t I leceflb^ cvfx nxd the Cu^idv 

1 a ut of all Neceffiuics, i^ JEOptafif 

T J at Suits of Hangiiigs came to bib 

i (I hat Neceflaries was needful to bSj. 


e^ E W.'qfL AN-p, . _ .1^ '. 

f jii all this Time, fo tb» %d Acc*unt thereof coifld An. tiji^ \, 

* not by the Clerk be kept, 'according to the an- *'»4» 
f cient Cuftom of that Qffice, the ^rd Trea^rtf 

' had digvcflcd trom the ancient Ctiftams of th^ 
f Qffice, and furniOiciJ things hiin^f. ipd reni(4 
^ tijejn without the Privity of the Clerlfj who, 
f according to apcient CuQoij), flpuld have thft ' 

* Vitw, with the rating 3n^ prizing oi* them, with 
f an ^llo^ancc of d! Necel^ies feryod for hi^ 
^ {^ajefty's yfe, to be dcfflaoded by the Ci<edtCora, 

* hy yirt^e of Warrants iigncd by the King'a Ma^ 
^ jefty } which my Lord Trealiirer paid tb/sa^ 
f without Warrant, by. the Creditors own Bills,> 
f contrary to the af^cient Cuftom, of that Office y 
f and which, till thU T'^^t was ever, t»r all fwf 

* in?r Matters of the Great WardrebCfOueryedi by 
i t^^ying WwaflU drfl«!n ev^ry Half-Year. 

pijARLSS 9TANLpr, ■ 

Iffl Cant, - Sre*a. Mmard. 

^. Line., €. «j . /V<7. Jbipli. 

Jfrtbm-^at^&'^tSf, , ffi_6t^ Sftnctr. \ 

fkt Exapus^^ ef John Baroh, tPh» tbt * ^ 
.^ April, 163^. I, . * 

7& &^ Exav^ntfnt Jftdk^ *. That ^^tuk i^» 
J now Lord Trcafurer was Mafter of ^'VVwi-' 
! flebe, thje ^xantinant did {ceep a Boctk, wb^n 
f were entered his Lordlhips Receipts and Paty- " 

f ments, «a wdl of fi^ Things aa coootned tbd 
f Wardrobe, a^ for fuch a^ djd (AbcnvaysouiGVid 
f his I^ordthip.. Jnd faitb^ ^ecaufe h ^ffia coq-* 
f ceived bis Lordlhip held that OGfice upon Cor-i, 
^ Ixinty, therefore there was no Diftinflion made, 
f nor ceitua Account kcpt^tti^t«^ohcon¥riie4 
*. tbfiWardroSe, divi4e^ froiv hift 'Lwdfl)ip*S:Q$))ei 
f Bufit)c&. Andfaithy Tbftt tbe-^d.;^kli9 eow 
i ipthe Ij(}fd Tieafitr55's,.j(id.(^pt^.lJiifcE3«ffli,; 
.. ' " *?»«'» 

204- ^ ParUamntar) H i s t o K r 

*" ^'X^** ^' * "™^' Cuftody ; nor iuth been in this Exanu" 
*^* • nant's Cuftody ibr two Years and a Half-paft. 

G. Cant. Rehrl Spencer. 

H. MmJevilU. Pf^. Sitf (f Seal 

The. tyitntunrth. 

Tbt Examuafien ef Richakd Colbbscic, taken 
the ibtb ef April, 1624. 

The /aid Examinant faith, * That he ferved the 

* Lord Treaflirer in the Biifiners of the Wardrobe,, 

* ^d that in afl tji* Timt his Ixtrdfliip was Mafter 

* of the Wardrobe, there were no Accounts made. 
■ by his Lordfhip, nor kept for him, pf the Ex-, 

» • pences of the Wardrobe, neither *ere there any 

'.Book kept, wherein were entered the Expencea 

* of the Wardrobe j the Rcafon wheresf was, 

* becaufe this Examinant hesrd his I<ord{hip waa 

* riot to hold that Place upon Account ; but^ faid 

* this ExaminanI, did buy Provifions of Mercers 

* and others for his XfOrdlbip, and then delivered 
' fuch of tl^em a; viere to be deliyeral for th^ 

* King's Ufe into the " Wardp)be ; and when tlus 

* Mercers and others brought their Bills, he, this 

* Examinant, prefented th? {amc to his I^ordfiitp 

* w4»o took Order for their ^atisfadioii. And 
" foith. He thinkctfa that fome few arc yet unfatis^ 

* fied in part j as, n»raely» Mr. Hffijha^i, Mr. 

* Ferreri, Mr. Latham; but doth not remember 

* any others. 


C Cant. Rabert'Spttutr. 

rhQ. Cm. (it Litdt. J^, Say \g Seat, - 

Arthur Bath ig fTtOs. Thta. Hvward. 
Tht. fVtntumtb. 

•- To prbve+he Defofts in ferving'of Warraijts,' 

I. a true Note of fuch Wardrobe Stuff, as remMneih 

iinferved, \)y the Right Honourable the Earl of 

MiJdMix, L<»d TreaAti;er of England, in the TTtDc 

- ^ ■ of 


p/E'NGL AND. 205 

ef h» being Mafter of the Great Wardrobe ; which Ao. *x p^ 
Stuff was then commwided by Warrants for hU ***♦• 
Majefij's Scrvicev and < are now much wanting i 
for die which his Lordflup is to be anfwerable unto 
his Maje&y.' 

Xtrntviiig Witrtb-tUj p^ Wttrrihtt^ ietti m June,^ 

* Ji^Jnit, Chars of Velve^ garnilbedl 

with Gold Lace and Fringe j '■' 

* /taM, Cuihtotw of Velvet fuiti^le fitj 
' lUiMj High Stools fuitable . . - . iii> 

* .htm. Counter Points of Tapeftiy ' , xxxiii^ 
*J>A)i, Bed-Ticks, and'thenew-drawingi 

of them, with Augmentation of? xyij 
Feathers . J . 

! IttMy One Pair oS MUan Fu&ians foci. ..' 

the Kio^s Bed 

* htm. One Pair of Cloth Blankets . 

* If an. Tenter Hooks ' cii^ 
« Am, Foot Stools fuiuble .... . ' ij, 
•- htm, Hammeis ^ xrin 

* A«w,-' Writiiig'^BoDks' ' '"" ij 

* Ittm, Reams of Wridag P^ier iiij 
• /it«i. Black Jacks ■ «j 

* JttiiL Brails Candlefticks iii> 

JOHN CQ'n'ON. ' 

Jtimving fVardrcbt, in June 162I1 per ffarrmU. 

* Imprimis, Window Curtains tii-ThfoaSk: V. 

* Item, Small Carpets of rwifj- Inakiiftg " xix" 


SfaaJiiig IFarirtht^ Hampton-Cour^ per Warraa, 
'- " dati/Junuiry i6zo. 

mi. Four Pair of Fuftiuis for the 1 .„ ■ 

,Xing'.Bed } "i 

• lum. Quilts of HoUand azid FniUan 1 .... 

fiUed with Wool J "V 

* Ittm, 


Sd6 fherPt^iamhifarf fii«.f 6*V 

fcitJwMil.t.Jifls, One-Pair/of large Kvii^flbfor} .; ; u 
*^ ■ the King's fed ' " J . . v -^ 

* /(«B, Cjoun^MPffingofTapeftry; , jp(j| 
< ftm. New Beds of Brlffds Tiak, w be i ,^^ 
' filled With ■FealScis' ] ^ '^ 

* item. Pillows of Down xV 
*.//flB, PiyoWrBcers ^, :, , - ^"' 

* Ite^ Bare ffi<tes c^ t3x t>euiu!t- 

JOHN WlNVAltb.^^ , 

Thebbalds, ptf MW«i«, «» M^y i6zi* ">. » 

■ /ffl^nm'j,SniallCarpe^ ofTitr^maltini^ ^ -pk 
« AiW, Traveriiei of Crimlbn Taflety ' J:3 
yitemj Jlw:£^ry Stools of Velvet tt> bel f "^ 

- ' ' ganiffied'~with Fiinge^afid La£e of f . ij 

Gold and Silk . J ', , 

« /f««, Wihdbw Cuftwns of Sillc . " tl 

•//««, Bare Hides (rfOjc, father , ,.. ...■,- ^ 

* i?rt», Hammers " " ■ - .■ . ' .A 

* Afin, Bruflies ^> 
*}«>«, Tenter lioob ^ ■ ' *»> 

• All the Parcel* rfjove-ijientlonei to be irtifety-^ 

■ rfj ate Parcels of the Ordinary of die Office W 

* Warftdbc.- ' ■ 


G. Cant. ^ta> ttmari. - 

tffts. Cw; 4? XiVf*. HtnrjbmrMrit 

Fra. RugiiL „ Rtbtrt Sptnttr* 

JrtbMfSati&^tU,: '■ 

' • To prmii fliat'his"i.orfitip 'lerVed in bafc Mict' 
fl^ht Stuff, and 'that his Lord&ip Jlighted and dfr^ 
larat die OSxaa, that tofi to have the WarAuit*' 
o(-thc Lord Chambedwi ferved for the Kill's (W 
ordinary yfi^s^.' . ■ 


^'iiMMhiNsM^ jdii^^e»aciif;- MmMtai/^ \L^* 

« Taue .flWi Lord TrwftirefJmP. Maftw of tfab 

* .Kcmbv^Wardrdbiv aA^ Vrtf )dif)4> yet, Kesper 

',._;6trfi, Thatrthp W4rnit«*i-Ji«(W^- wffc fcnt ift 
' iBitTiirtbytheUr(l.GJlft»Uwri>Ui, for NffiB^ 
*. i&rio cB A ceiii b< ORi(^ wUch this£,)[juiu« 
*:iBint&ncd:rri^'weie'biit wrj.^pd yet a:grc^t 

M»tk3irirHDU thto:«tf,K6tll!Gmb«4)V.thuJ4^ 

* ink«aMrAad:thpfc:irfUch:iw«-fim^4»''"'^f9'' 

■ the miA-PjAti:- fer^d-.lwidi boiv and m^^^^. 

■ Stuff than had been accuftimw^it Jnd jiiiA^ 
« ThallJUshsdi.maikyiia'b^thJimcs made Suit 

* to the Lord Treafurcr to have Warrants ferved, 

* but could n^ pttvaU. with my Lord ; who, for 
< the moft Part^ .pot R ofF to hit .Man Co/if fif. 

* And ibit.Baamiimt firtAtrJeittj That Coitecik 

* did not^tu'it was iit,. give Difpat^ to the Ser* 

* vice ; whereupon this Examinant, and thofe to 
*, "WhiCT^ it afltwrtaiMy ^P^ inftant Suit, but ta 

* vain. , ' .*..'■."■.■ 

■1. ^ ■:-0 lo:. .-. ' ,,. ^-^ ■■.-.■■ ■ . ,y; 
G^.Cmtiv:.-- -.-fr ' . , thf^J^^ptt^inb, 
The. Ceai.HrLikt, .: . y Thf-M^**^'^- 
Sahtri^tfit, .-. .1, .j..W-^^ Seal. 

fhi SxortSniitim vf bfrAttix VTokslst, uhti 

■ ' \*Jtf i6(A^"Apri]> 1624. J* 

72v Jhid Bxamauna . Sntk^ > He hath nuum 
*> Times aoquaiAted tbfe Lord Treafurcr, late Maf« 

* tcr of thelWardiobe, with the WarranGs which 
^ bad been diredled fram the Itprd Chamberl^ 
** unto the Lord Treafiuer, wb&n Mafler of iha 

* WanLcob^ for lervimc. df Ficrvi&ans upon tiis 

' • " • Oxd^ 

l..(Ki^le . 

a<»t fie Par&tOentiiy Hi s^ o>y 

B. 3sj*aK(l.< Otdinaiynfl^-Office.for. his M^^efty^ Jfeuffa 
*"H- c 2t TbeobaWs ; ajid hytl^ fb [mi(:h, and fo often» 

* prelled him tiiereabouts, tlut his LonUhip hadi 
« told this '£xatm%At, 'lie wJu in^xw&n^. :;jW 

* &>A, That he hah", afmut a, Weak paft, attend-' 
'edhim th«eab**i*';'dn«l"hi< Lardfliip *«& c^-' 
*- feSeS, that thtrie-Dtffafb ought to hefuppUcd by' 

* him die raid "Lord Treafurer. Jnd faitbj The- 
' *' Defe^ aqtf>el[V <in another Paper, now "Selivered' 

< to'theL^sCcftnmtltces, fublcribed hy this £x- 

* atriinitnt.- jfiid fikiy He via once threatened,' 

< by the Gt'ooliU of the B«d-Chan}ber, to be feat' 
<'-toPr!fon.forflot fittriilhing thofe Ncccflariesj- 
•■■Tffheftjiiijon lio*'ttpai«d to the Lard T^xsifuier,' 
►but'vi'fls (MhtetJ bait 'bjf him «nd ■hi* gcixants.* 
<■ ^srf^fA,- Thatrtwfe'Tlimga, ■tliat«cr«Jervecl,'' 
' .trcre not of that! Goodtiefs as h»lK'l>daa'~accuf-- 
'tiJtMfid, and wat fit.- . .'•/■.. 

G.'Gint. i ' 'j lil-J^Pa. Jb^dl.- I' r-i ■ ' 
Th.'Cov. f^ Liinh. ~i y Bemy Smeitrt.- :z: 
jrthurBathii H^Ut. -Robtrt SpiKa. .. . ' 

^t'Exttmsnatiari ef JdHKf WHTYSHtD,'' (ftfm W< 
- -..- a6r6^ April, 1624. 

Tbtfaid Examiitant faith, * That of fuch War- 

* rants as game to tb* now Lord Treafurer*, ^^ile- 

* he wa? Maftcr Of ^le Wardn4»*'.i3t;jS&Tnfte«- 

* Ceurt, B great Part ■ is^ yet unferved^v-dlfl Partt. 
' * culars whereof appear in another Note, fubfciib- 

' cd.fay. tbit ExiaapK^-^ qn4 -remaining with tho 
' Lords Committees, jfitd /artlier JaiJ, That 

* thofe Proyifions, wKich were ferved upon thofe 

* Wanants', w«r^, mdny^of them-, uer^ iflight and 

* mean. And faith,' Tbat lie huh msoBf Times' 

* Importuned the l-'ard Tieafiircr for (crving vrhtiP 

* remains unfervcd of thofe Warrants; and hi* 

* £.oTdOtip, from Time to Time, put' hiih ofF-t* 
*,GtiJhii, -na.CaHed mads £xcufe:«^ but tiiv 

:- — 'ituffi 


if ENGLAND; 209 

' Stuffs and ProvUions were not fcrvcd, tho* this *"• ** J»"ni I 
' Examinant ufed much Inftance to procure them ' *♦* 
• ferved. 

G. Ctmt. Robert Spencer. 

Tho. Cov.-iS Liuh. W.. Say W Std. 

iln. Wsntwvrth. 

* To prove (lack and flow Payments, ahd great 
Abatement of Prices formerly paid.' 

Tbt ExamncAtm of Benjamin Henshaw, takn 
the %bth of A^r\^ 1624. 

Who ietofeth^ * That he delivered to the Earl of 

* Middiehx^ during the Time he was Mafter of 

* the Wardrobe, fcveral Sorts of Wares, amount-- 

* ing to the Sum of 2603/. i6r. 34/. or there- 

* abouts. 

* Whereof, as near as I can rccol- \ l^ t. i. 

* lefl, there was 2041/. $s, 6d. j 

* for the Ufe and Service of the ( 
•Wanlfobe, s6a7. 10 i. grf.f*^®3 " 3 

* for my Lord's own Ufe, botji \ 

* .which amount to ' ' J 
*Whcredr received at feveral Times 1 

the Sum of 1 '9S<J o o 

* And fo there remunetb^ due to me 653 16 3 

2603 16 3 


G. Cant. ■ The. Howard, 

Jo. Lint. C. S. Fra. RuJeU. 

Tho. Cm. iJ Littb. Hmrf Demtri, 
-Jrtbtir Bath. H Wtlh. 


7be VarUamenfsry History 

t. . ' ' ' . 

The Examination of OiiVEB BrowN, eru ef Idt. 
Majefi/s Upha^ereri, taken April 2fi, 1614. , 

Oliver Brown and John BakeRi bis iihjefifs 

Uphalfterers. . ■ 

Recditd of Lord Cratifield, July, t6>9, 
aboutthe End oflh; fane Month, 14a 

•t ■ about the ifithnf Mtrtb, itiig, lOO 

Sig, 100 00 1 

{ 74««»^ 

Received «bout the End of Jutf 
pi I ' i^thof July, 16101 

■ 13d of Dicimhr, i6k^ 
■ » Fdraary, i6tO, ■ 

Obt BlUi from Micbaclmm, ifiio, to Uicid^ata, 

Received about the 4th of M^, iGti, 

J ilflof jK/p, 1*11, i» u o 

-.1. I I -ayth-irf A'sirnniir, i6*Ii loo 00' 

■ II 14th of Diemiir, i6»i, 100 « O - 

— I I I iiih of jtlvU, ifiii, ^ 150 O O _ 

— ..„ lath'al- j^il,i6t4J' 9« 8 o " 

At the fameTitne my Lc«d *ppai«|Bd Ut^ 

■ Stew«rd to pay ni [which iiall that w^ i 145 18 ^r , ".' - 
' demwd) ' " J ... 


G. Caiit. ' Theo. Howard. 

Tbo.CQV^ii'Liuh. . S^rt Spmftr.- 

Jrthur Bath. i£ fVelb. 

the Exammtim sf Ralph Canning, taien the 
xyth of April, 1624. 

The faid Examlnant faith, * That he "is th? . 
' King's Arras-Worker, by his Majefty's Lettei? 
' Patent. Jtid faith, That, about the Time when 
' the now Lord Treasurer became Mafter t>F the " 
' Great Wardrobe, this Examinant, having made 
• Sumpter Cloths for (^ King, brought tiie Ba^s 
3 '. *t» 


. e^.E N ci, A N D. at 

' to die Mafter of the Wardrobe, who abated this ^ ii J»iretfc 

* Eiamihanit two Shillings in ev^iy Ell from the •.**4*. 
' ancient Price ttfat had been evtr aUow&l : And" 

* this Examiriant telling him how Inng that f*rice 

* had been aHuwed, and that the faid Abaitemint 

* was fuch, ^at the faid Examtnant fliould fiot 

* only lofe his Work, but a great deal of the Price 

* of the very Stuff he- bought to make them, 'h^ 

* told the Examinant to this Effect, Teu that he- 
long to the Tffar-drabe are Thieves, and many truer 

* Men have been hanged. And when this Exatni- 

* nant told him, he held his Place under the Grea^ 

* Seal, he faid, A Fig for your Patenti, I care net 

* for thewiy with man^ other harih Words j info- 

* mach that this Examinant told him, be would 

* never make mqre Cloths at that Price j and yet, 

* neverthclefe, when a new Warrant came, this 

* Examinant attending him thereabout, and tel- 

* ling him, he expeded better Payment if he mads 

* them, the laid Mafter of the Wardrobe bad him 

* make them, and he (hould haVe Content ; yetj 

* when they were made, he rhade the like Abat'e- 

* ment as before, fo as die Examinaitt loft bis La- 

* bour, and Part of the Price of his Stuff, 


G. Cant. Arthur Bath i£ Wilh. 

Hen. MandevilU. Henry Danvtrs. 

Thd. Cov. ^ Litch. 

The ExamimHUn of John Pulford, laien the i6ta. 
of April, 1 624. 

Thomas PutpoRD, hit Majefifs Cofftt-Maker^ 
Jectgfed^ it appears ^ hit. Beoi, 

'* That in Ae ftrft V<Sar of the Lord "J /. s. A 

* Treafurer's Accourit of the j 

* Gieat Wardrobe, viz. from/ » 1 ■ 

' Mchatimai, 1618, to Mcbail.} 33» 3 » 

* mai^ i6i9> the Bills of Par- 1 

* ccis amounted to \ 

O 2 Brought 

^ ParHamtttaty HiiToittr 

L t. , 

Brn^hl «W 338 3 

* That in Ae fctxMid Year of liis"i 

* LordQiip's Account, v/x. from I 

* Mcbaehuiiy 1619, to Michael- > 438 15 

* mat, 1620, bis Bills of Parcels I 
' amounted to J 

* That in the third Year of his-l 

* Irfirdlhip's Account, vix. from L 

* Aftehaelmaiy 1620, to Mithael- j */ 

* mas, 1621, they amounted to J 

* Total of his Lordlhip's three Years 1 « 

* Account is J *' 

* Whereof paid (or thereabouts, fbr^ 

* it cannot appear certainly, by his > 940 

* Book, what he bath received] J 

' So reds about 107 , o o 

* The which 207 /■ or- thereabouts, his Lordfliip 

* cut ofF, by way of Abatement of l^e Prices, and 

* would not allow (b much for die Commodities, 

* as was thought fit to be allowed for the &mc in 
' the Reign of Queen Elhuibetb^ by die theo Maf- 

* ter and Clerfcof the Great Wanlrobc j but did, 

* cbntraiy to the ancient Precedent and Cufiom of 
' the faid Office, rate^nd priz« the Bills as he pleaf- 

* ed, and to the Lois and Damage of the £ud 

* Themes Pulford, as can be manifeQly proved ; but 
' the faid 7%cffuifP»^^<l^ in his Lifcdme, gave usQ> 

* his Lordfhip a general Acquittance and Difchaige 

* of all Reckonings concerning the Wardrobe Ac- 
' counts for his Lordfhip's Time, fo as his Execu- 

* tor knows not how to charge his Lordfiiip with 
■ the Remainder, or whether he may. 


G. Cant. , Thomas Wentmrtb. 

Ths. Cev. tf Litch. Tbeo. Howard. 

Arthur Bath. i£ ff^eils. 


•f ENGLAND. 213 

7J/ Certifustty upm Oath, ef Sir F R A M C I S Aa. «» T^oirt |. 
G o X T o N, Knt. one of bis M^efl/i Audiun, ***♦• 

Maf it fieafi jiur HonourahU Lort^ipSj 

* There hath been no Accounts made, for die 

* Office of the Mafter of the Great Wardrobe, dur- 

* ing the Time the Right Honourable the Earl 

* of H^tiiUftx was Mafter of the faid Wardrobe \ 

* i^ich, as I conceive, was for the three whole 

* Yean, ended at Aiichatlmas, 1621, Atmo 19 yac, 

* R^git i for which Office 1 am, by his Majefty's 

* Lrtten Patent, one of the Auditors. 


Hen. MandevilU. <Tha. Wentwortb, 

Hen. Sautbamptsn. W, Say (^ Seal. 

* Then Mr. Seijeant Crew obferved to their 
Lordfiiips, That it appears^ in the Examination of 
Oliver Brewn, that his Bill, ta Michaebnas, 1619, 
came to 643 /. whereof the faid Oliver was paid, 
that Year, but 400 /. whereas the faid Lord Trea- 
furcT received his whole 20,000/. in hand, for the 
Difcharge of the Ordinaries of that Office.* 

' And alfo. That the Pardon granted by his Ma- 
Jefty unto the Lord Treafurcr, in Januaryy Anna 
19 yacabif pardons, him all Sums of Money re- 
ceived, but doth not pardon his not accompting for - 
the Ordinaries of the faid Office.' 

* The.Scaeant having ended, the Lord Keeper 
moved the Hoofe, That the Lord Treafurer might 
anfwer his particular Charge touching the Ward- 
robe. His Lordfliip thereupon demanded Ink and 
p£f>er, and had it.' 

Then the Lord Treafurcr anfwcred. That his The Lwd Tre»- 
Mt^ijiy ufed his Service in many Particulars touch- furar'i Aorwet 
ing his EJiele ; as^ in the Navyy the HouJhoM, fl«rf" »''«= "wd- 
ff^ardrohe, "" 

That he found the Expenca of tie Wardrobe of 
a vaft Sum ; every one made tvhat Bills they wouldy 
end didfrt what Prices they vjould, 

O 3 IVhen 

2X4 ^ ParUamentary Histo*t 

ji: II ].>tw? }■ When he was Majer of tkcri Offia, he knt fw 

■ '*?*■ the Jriifuers^ and told them. That he wmldnot %ok 

up'on ivhat was fajt ; but that,' hereafter^ the Pricet 

Ponld be reafonabh, and the King's- M^Hy'Jkmld he 

readjy and they duly -paid. ', , 

TBat there vjer'e many Fees to be quaflerfy. paid im 
the ffbrdrobe ; all ivbich vjere duly paidt 

Js for Canning and Pulford, he gavtytiem 2S» 
In the Pound more than another would havf fpld for : 
He bought Utile of thofi of the IVardro^e, But chiefhf 
'much of the Merchants ; and had a good.Mffchmtt 
$h«p ill the Wardrobe, 'ai}d bought of the hi/t. 

That Pdford complains not of a hard' Price, but 
that he bad not the anoMit Price. 

'As touching the not ferving of divers Warrants, 
That his Bufinefs being ^any, he referred thtfi to his 
Servant' Colebeck : 77>at not above the value if 
7 or 800 ]. remained unferued ; ■whereas he hath latd 
out 6 or 7000 1. upon the Extraordinaries cf that 
'Office ; as, for furnijhing Ely Houfe for the Spani{^ 
Amhaffador, a rich Barge-Cloth- for the King, an4 
many other Things ; and that he gave the Earl of Car- 
lifle, his Predecepr in that Office, 300O 1. 

As touching the Bufmefs cf the. Stuff ferved in, 
He defired they might be compared with thofe fomurin 
ferved in ; and affrmed they were much better. 
" And whereas feme complain they were Jlighted^ when 
they were Suitors for the Warrants to be ferved, hit 
"Lordjhip defired they might be examined, whether they 
were flighted hy Him or no. 

As touching the Account, his Lordjhip anfunered. 
Thai, by the Patent, which was read, he was to a,c- 
count ; but that he had another Patent, if he be not 
deceived, without Account ; whifh his Lord/hip deli- 
vered: And the Clerk read the fame ; and alfo hit 
Majefly's Explanation upon the Leafe of Sugfirj, 
• ■ granted to the Lord Treafurer, upon his Surrender of 

the Wardrobe, 

' Then Mr. Serjeant Crew obferved t<f the 
Lords, out of both thofe, That his Lor^i^ip was 
to-accounc for the ordinary Diiburfements of the 

.-■■ ■/ ■ ■ *TIi 


-tf E N'G LAND. 21S 

* Tb« Lord Treafurer anfwercd. Thai he concttvtd A"- " Jmmi I." 
yvmsnelto acetuni : That he firft reduced that Of- '*H- 
jktfrgm the vaji Chtxrge he told the King of; and 
luieteat he wat mllawed 20,000 1. per' Annum for 
Hie fetme^ he told the Duke of Buckingham, rtwt 
TtttrsfitKe, that he gat tiro much thereby ; and that it 
Htqfit he dtfrayedfor i2,oool. per Annum; and that 
' he^ having reduced that Office from 30, nay 40,000 I. 
per Annum, unta i2,OOol. is a ^aed Account. 

* Hereupon divers Lords prefently affirmed. That 
(he Duke of Buckingham had acknowledged, that 
the Lord Treafiirer, when he was to furrender the 
Wardrobe to the EaJ of Denbigh^ did acquaint 
his Grace with the Grcatnefs of Gains in that. 
Offlde J but, to Ae end he might have a great Re- 
compenee, firft lie named 4000 A per Annum^ and 
afterwards 8ooe i, and that this drew on the Leafe 
of Sugars-to his Lqrdfliip.' 

' ' TTien Mr. Seijeant Crew obferred; TTiat the 
GtlK^ againft the Ltird Treafurcr is upon Proof •, 
his Lordfeip/s Anfwer upon Ave^njient; which he 
Itumbhr referred" to tfteit- Lortftiip's Canllderation. 
And- thus ended the Charge touching thfc Ward- 
»b*:' '- ■ ' 

. ^ArtiftheiiAeLonlTreaiurcrwwwididrawti.* -. 

• TheLortilCecperFemovedttJtheEart's Bench, 
•d ftttsA' «he HoMfe toucSipg -tfie Lord 'J'rcafut-er's' 
Spee*,' Tfiar the Dtrfctf of BuckinfhmH knew of 
His Gain^ in' the Waftlhtbe; and. told their Lord- 
ihips, That he writ remembers', that ,whcn the 
Duttfof Buckingham TTKYvei his Majefty to place. 
Sir Liinei Cranfield Trnfttrer, (which he defired, 
fho' afterwards he feemed unwilling) that then the 
King required the Surrender of the Wardrobe to the 
Eai-1 of Denbigh. That when the Lord Treafurer 
heard of it, he magntfirtl the Profits of the Place ; 

firft to the Duke, that it was 4000 /• per Annum ; _ _ 

fecondly to theKin^;, thacitwas worth6or 7000/. ' . 

per Annum ; whereby he got the Leafe of Sugars 
at 4060 /.' per Annum lefs than they are worth ; 
and Mis Succefibr, the Earl of Denbigh, had 4000 /. 
per Annum lefs than his Lord&ip for Bifburfe- 
O 4 menta 

2 16 7%e ParKamentary H i s t o k T 

An. *j Jimo I. ments of that Office of the Wardrobe. That A* 
' *♦■ Duk-c being moved at this, the Lord Treafurcr 
then told his Grace, that his Gains in that Office 
bad been 8000 /. ptr Annum ; nay, more than he 
could well tell ; and, till then, his Grace knew 
not of the great Gains of that Office \ and if his 
Grace, who had been ever careful for the Kin^s 
Profit, had known of it fooner, the Lord TreaAirer 
had not hel4 that Place fo long ; for his' Grace is 
Amicus ufque ad Aras.' 

' Then it was ordered, That the Lord Treafurer 
be warned to be here again, at Two in the After- 
noon, at the Bar.' 

* Pafl Meridiem. TJie Lord Trcafurer being 
brought to the Bar, as before, kneeled not, until 
Ife was remembered thereof by ths Lord Keeper } 
then he kneeled,«And the Lord Keeper willed him 
prefently to ftand ip.' 

.' The Kins's Attorney being commanded to 
QpCQ the lecono Charge againft the Lord Treafurer, 
bis I^rdpiip faith. He was unprovided, in the M»m~ 
ingfor the Wardrobe ; and be/ought tbtir L»rdfi)ips te 
taie into their Cori/ideratianj that be it denied Ctustfel 
if Jpeakfor him, being charged witb great Mattert, 
far it may be their own Cafe ; and be bath Pricedeitts, 
as he ishtfermed, that be might have Catmfel aUnoed 
him : Ibaty betuever, be vjetdd fpeakeut ef hit nun 
Strength; but defired their LerdfitpSy tbat^ if he far- 
got any Thing, no Advantage be taken agatnfi mm \ 
unto which their Lordfliips i^;recd.' 
HitLwdUrip'i * The Lord Treafurer made two other Requeft^ 
futiho Ri;quefl!, unto their Lordfliips ; the one. For that his Wit-, 
nejpi have not fully anfwered touching the Wordrvie, 
that he might have a Re-examination upon the fame 
Interrogatories. This the Houfe denied, as not 
ufual to be granted in other Courts, after Publica- 
tion, for that it might produce Perjury. Hisl^ordi 
T~» of whith fliip's other Requeft was, TIjat he might product hit 
j«,.^afM by Che p^.^^p^ -^^ Records, that the Worktiien of the fTard-r 
robe was paid : Which was alfo denied ; for that 
the Non-payment of the Workmen is but an Ac-: 
cidcnt tahis Charge.' 



-flf -ENG LAND. . %iy 

. ■ Then Mr. Attorn^ was wilted to proceed :* 'Ad. h J*aMi I. 
. * And he proceeded in this Manner, viz. *'**• 

* The fecond Charge wherewith the Lord Trca- 
fiirer is charged, is for three feveral Corruptions ; 
two pf (hem di^guifed iinder the Shadow and Pre- 
text of a fiar^in ; and the third of a New- Year's 

Concerning the two former. 

^ It cannot be denied. That, February 6. Anna .-___ 
17 Jacabi, his Majefly did leafe unto Sir Nicholas piieedToB^ 
Salter^ and others, the Cufloms andlmpofts ofchuge <t Bn> 
/r«TfAand.RA«i^ Wines, fiom AUchaelmas^ 1622, **^' 
for nine Years and an half; and did covenant with 
the Leflees not to Ictt any new Impofition upon 
the Wines, during the Continuance of that Leafe, 
without the Afient of the LelTees. And, yanuary, 
jlmu 19 Ifacehif the King made 2 Leafe unto Sir 
yahn fVal/ieitholtBty and others, for divers Years, of 
the Great Cuftoms ; in which Leafe there was a 
Covenant, on the Part of the Farmers, that they 
ihould put insecurity for the Payment of their 
Rents ; and, for Performance of ^is Covenant, 
they were to have the Allowance and Warrant of 
the Lord Treafurer, without which the King's Re- 
membrancer would not take their Bonds, yanu- 
ary 14. Anna 19 yaeobi, a new Impoft of 3/. ptr 
Tun, was fet upon the Wines ; and the fame be- 
ing done without the Confent of the Farmers, and 
to their great Damage, they were to expert Re- 
compence for the fame upon their Covenant. Upon 
thefe two Occafions, the Fanners of the feveral 
famis were neceffarilv occafioned to become Suitors 
to the Lord Treafurer j the one for Recompence 
and Reparation of their Lofs, the other for Allow- 
ance of their Security, and his Warrant to accept it.* 

' The Farmers of the Wines began their Suit to. 
the Lord Treafurer about yanuary or February^ 
Anne iqyacehi, and continued it with much In- 
ftance until December, Anno 20 yacobi, ten or 
^even Months together without Succefs ; where- 
upon they found Means to have Accds to the King 

sit TVAffFfiawMteTf R^itTOxr 

■^«-' Petitiaaf w M ch Ms KfejciSy Mft fc wj l taoflgrzA 

cionfij, and gxre ftiah Cbaipt to the Lord "Irea- 
f^mr to el<^ tfem a IJwcd^ Dl^Mtc^ urf coacl^ 
«rtth tbem opcni Todk « Rccanpttoce^ as ■ Honotf 
xnd Jiiftke vras fit. Anrf AeiUlfw A«nfar 31, 
1622* th« hm* TraaftHcr $U f^itt with tbcn, 
that they ffaould be allowed 9500 /. to be dcfalkM 
in nine Yean ii\^ a Half 'iat' «f ttietr Rent, after 
■ lix Vi-Ati of iCnoL per jitnam. This being ^reed 
oit, they WKff «t^ iavK his Lordfiiip's Warrant to 
die King'» Attorney, Sm* drawing a Book aocord*' 
ii^ to tt^ Agreement; which Warrantwas ^teedfly 
jHvpared and draWtt by hb LorMiip's Secretary ; 
but delayed boat Ihvtmier 31. ..Anw 20 f^c, nft- 
'til yw(n4. jAmi* 21 3^0^. And the Famen of 
tfse Great Cuftonts having divided the farms into 
32 Parts, every of which Part wa*'to give hk M»- 
jcfly Security irf' 15C0/. for Payment ci their Rent* 
they prefotted their Security to the Lord Treafurer, 
vixo allowed and gave Warraftt to the King's, Re- 
inembrancer to receive it j but the Parties tilito. 
whom five of thcfc js Parts were allotted, fsdiing 
off and refinquifliing their Parts, the ftmr Patentm 
of the Farm refolved to lefume thofe ftrts to then-^ 
felves i aad thereupon lendeted the Lord Trealhref 
ffieir own Security for thofe five Part^ ; whieft be 
agreed' to accept, yeC protraSed them tilt "fitntx 
Anna 21 "JatiM' 

' TheBufineil of both Fanns thus delayed, an4 
it being conceived that Money was expe<9ed, tbc; 
Fanners of the Wines refolved to prefcnt the Lord 
Treafurer with 500 /. and they of the Great Farm 
' refolved of the like Sum , and Mr. Ahrabam 'fo' 

tab being aPartncr in either Farm, was entruittcd 
feveraliy by the Farmers of cachFarni, vik. 500/. 
a-piece, to be prefented to the Lord Treafurer; 
which tie paid, in one entire Sum of looo/. to Mr, . 
Catchmajy the Lord Treafurer's Steward, yune %j. 
Anna 11 faciAiy by the Lord Treafurer's Ap- 
pointment i and thereupon- the Buflnefs of b«rih 


< E :ng land. 219 

Fvtnfe had a DiTpatch hy. the Lord Trea^irer's An, si jimu 
Means,' '6»4« 

* But to palliate and, difguile thd« two corrupt 
Gifts, the I^ni Treafurcr then prefended to havp 
four Parts of the Great Farm divided into 31 Partsj 
and, in hia Anfwer touching thcfe Corruptions, 
juftificth the talcing of 1000 /. by way of Birgaln 
fot thpfe four Parts from the FannerG of the Great 
CuAoms: This Anfwer beingdtfproved, and it be- 
ing nwdc plain that he had no Part in that Farm, it 
muft needs follow that the Mon^ was taken cor- 
ruptly, for the Di^tch of the Farmers Bufinefs ; 
■od, for ManifefiBtion hereof, it flands proved. - . . 
, * That, uptMi the Treaty of the Bai^in for the 
Great. Famif the Lord Trcafurer propounded to 
the Farmers to have fcmie Parts in the Farnij not 
for his own Benefit, but to difpote of amongft his 
Friends ; but this was ra|her a Propofttion than any 
(ettl«d Refirfution or ConcluHon ; For the Farmers 
doubting, left, by this Pretence, fome Partners 
. might be put on tbem with whom they were un- 
willing to join, delircd the Lord TreaAir^, that 
they might make Choice of their own Partners, 
and, if dieir Farms profpered, they would be thank- 
ful unto his Lordihip,' 

' TJiis Thankfulnefs -was afterwards performed 
on their Part, for they raifed his ufuat New- Year's 
Gift&om 1000 Marks to 1000/.- And, upon this 
Requcft of the Merchants, the Lord Treafurer wa- 
ved his Propofuion of having the Difpofal of any 
Parts in the Farm ; which appeareth not only by 
die plain and exprefs Teftiinony of many Witncfles, 
but by thefe Proofs following, vn. 
, I. * The I..Baie of the Great Farm bears Date, 
Jan. i..JaiiQ iqjac. between which Time and 
^pril 29. Anno 20 fac. the Farmers divided the 
whole Farm into 32 Parts, allowing to each Man 
his. Part, and reduced the fame into Writing, ex- 
preffing therein the Sum of the Security which every 
Man was to give, without mentioning therein any 
Parts rcferved t9 the Lord Treafurer, or his Friends ; 
apd this Writing, b«ing tend«red to the Lord Trea- 
:. . ; furer. 


220 The ParUamehtaty Historv 

*■ "^*°" '' fii'^'j April i^y i6a2, was by him allowed, and 
«"4- Wanant figned by him to the King's Reracmbran-- 
cer to take purity' accordingly/ 

1. * When tbe Partners, to whom five of thefc 
Parti were allotted, fell ofF, and would not gjve 
Security, the Patentees refolving to take thofe Parts 
to themfelvcB, tendered their own Security to the 
Lord Treafurer, and he agreed to accept it j and, 
though be protracted it long, yet he did not, in 
that long Time of Delay, challenge any Parts un- 
til aboutVw'w. 1623. 

3. * The Fanners refting fccure about that Pro- 
poiition, did, aftet the 29^ of Jprily 1621, divide 
the whole Fann by Indentures, allotting to each 
Man his due Part, without re&r^g any for the 
Lord Treafurcr.* 

4. * At Chrijlmas, 162J, the firft Year of the 
Farm ended ; and this Year's Profit was, by Ac- 

' count, in April 1613, divided among the Partners^ 

referving no Share to the Lord TreaJfurer.' 

5. ' But the Truth is. That all this Time the 
Lord Trealurer refted t^uict, and neither did nor 
would challenge any Parts; the Farm being of 
that fmall Expe^tion of Benefit, as five Partners 

tave over their Parts, rather than they would give . 
ecurity ; but, about funi 1623, the Farm being 
crown more hopeful by the Return of fbme E^ 
In£a Ships, the Lord Treafurer having in his 
Hands the Bufinefs of both Farms, which he had 
fo long delayed, meaning to make this a Veil and 
Cover for taking thofe corrupt Gifts, then pre- 
tended to have four 32 Parts, which he had waved 
fo Jong before.' 

6. * The Lord Treafurer appointing Catchmaj, 
his Servant, to receive the 1000/- of yatai, which 
was received the 27th of June, 1623, forbad him 
to give any Acquittance for the Money, but to leave 
that tohimfelf and Jacob ; which, had it been paid 
upon a plain Bargain] he never would hare done.' 

7. ' This Money was entered into the Account* 
and Books of the faid Farms ; for, in the Jour- 
nal Bfloks of the Petty Farms, July 31, 1623, 



/ENGLAND. a»i 

Acre is 500 /. entered to be paid and prelcnfed to *"• '•' J""l 
the Lord Treafiirer, by the Hand* of Mr. Jaixh, for ***** 
3 Gratification of hts Favour in accommodstinc 
an Allowance of looo I. per Amum to be abated 
of their Rent icx the Time to. come; and the 
like Entry was made in the Ledger of the fame 
Farm. And, DtttiiAir %o, 1623, upon the ge- 
neral Account of that Farm, this 500/. is put to 
Account, as a Gratuity given to the Lotd Treafui- 
er, and is bome rateably by all the Partners of the 
Farm, of which Account many Copies were given 
out to die Partners [ and, for the other 500/. 
there is extaiit a. Warrant, dated Jufy 29, 16131 
fubfcribed by Sir Jobn fVolftmhabRe and Hmry Gar- 
rmoayj two of the Finners of the Great Farm* 
directed to ff^Siamty the Cafhter of that Farm, to 
pay to Mr. y^ceb 500 /. given by him, by Order 
of the Fanners, to the Lord Treafurcr, for a Gra- 
tuity, and to put it to the Account of the Farm ^ 
which was done acccordingly : And thefe Accounts 
Aood in this Manner tiH Ftirtiarj laft, after the 
PariiamesC was Summoned; and then the Lord 
Treafuref caufed Jacsh to procure the 500 1, that 
was fct upon the Petty Fmihs, to be altered from 
dience, and to be charged upon, the Farmers of the j 

Great Fiurm ; and Satisfaction to be given to the 
Partnn^ of the Petty Farms of their proportionable 
PartB they were charged with for that 500 /. upon 
the aJbrelaid Account of the zeth of Deeember ; 
and as many as could of the difperfed Copies of 
that Account to be gotten in. Fie alfo procures 
yaceb to write a Letter to his Lordfhip, and to xa- 
tedate the fame in ytme before ; by which "Jatoh 
did intimate, that Ac lOOO L was given his Lord- 
fhip fior four 32 Parts of the Great Farm ; and 
faimlelf made an Acquittance to Jacob with Ae 
like Antedate, acknowledging that looo/. to be re- 
ceived for thofe four Parts ; which indired); Courfes 
of changing the Accounts, and antedating the faid 
Acquittance and Letter, manifdleth that the for- 
mer Proceedings were not fincere, but were to be 
eoiiverted and blanched with thcfe Devices.' 

' Touch- 


222 7& jRBrfiftffltowar)^ History 

,4a. 3»ju6fil' .* Tooching tiu lud Conniption, ihatowtd wt 
»*»*• del pretext of aNeW-Year*! Gift, it ftaAds pnlrcdi 
That, at Chrifttnas ^, 1623, the Facers of Ac 
Petty Cuftoms prefcnl«d the Lord Trcafarrf witb- 
a Ton of Wine, intending to have a 
Pipe of Canary W)>e, or the beftSack,: but the 
Lord Treafurer miflilctng the SitialAe£( of their 
Prdent, uiged them to, a further Grabiity in Mo» 
tier, and thereby. obtauted frran them, hefides the 
WJne, 100 A JB Money.' 

. * The Chaise being thns opened by Mr. Atttk^ 
ncy, the Clerk read the Proofs, vix. 

7bt Examinatim tf BErnaKd Hyde, iaten t^ 
i^ihtf April, 1624. 

EiuniBiiiont eS fie /aid Examinant fiath-, * Tliat after the new 
WiiDeffia that' ' Impoft of 3 /. fer Tun, fct upon the Wine*! 
opoB. t (j,ij Examinant, and the reft of the Partners in 

* the Farm of the Win^, being greatly datnnified 

* thereby, contrary to a Covenant in their Lea&^ 

* made long Suit to the Lord Treafurer for Relief 

* in that Behalf ; and, obtaining none, at laft ex- 

* hibited a Bill, in the Name of the Farmers, inCo 

* the Exchequer Chamber, for a Satisfa^on, and 

* defired that his Majefty's Attorney General might 

* anfwer the fame; and to the Caufe proceeded 

* judicially : In the End, after ten Months Delay, 
' conceiving it iittefl: to make their humble Suit to 

* his Majmy himfelf, thereupon, on the SunJof 

* before Chrtfiinai was Twelve-Months, this De-^ 

* p<Mient and Henry Garraway, t<^ether with yBhn 

* Harrifm, delivered an humble Petition to his 

* Majefly, either to hear and order the Bufineft 

* himfelf, or refer thpm to the Council Board, and 

* not any more to the Lord Treafurer, where thfiy 
^ * had endured fo long Delay. His Majefty gave 

* them a mod gracious Anfwer, That he .would 

* not that any Man ibould beiiurt or damnified by 

* himj but, at the LoidTreafiuef bcftunderdooa 


ff ENGLANp. m. 

* tin B«fincfi« he would canmanJ hiia to make Af wJaanL- 

* » fpec^ End with them J and*. c^U^ Mr.. ",**■ . 
* ; Giuuic^or f}( the Excheijucr, Igr him rent a 

* Commaodmcnt to the LokI TicaJurpTk ^"^ ^' 

* fliould jpecd thrir ttiCpatch ; and thereupon tbej 

* Lord Treafuicfy being attended upon New- Vca^s 

* Eve, Dade ae Agreement* tlut t^ioe iHonld be, 

* an Ai^^wancc w-g^ooJ. nude unto them fi>r> 

* tfacar Satisla^Ion^ to be paid in nine Yean and a. 

* Half: And, afcer this. Agreement made, they. 

* did long and i^ten attend the Lord Trealurer^ tar. 

* hii Wamuit: to Mn Attorney^ for paffing AeUi 

* Bo^ accoidiiig tothe AgKeineqt;' but his?* 

* Loidihqi ftill dc&yed the iigiiiag of the Warraat. 

* The Examinantbeii^ grieved at.thc D^y, told. 
*_Mr. Detva,'thaif bf maivelled it;tbe Detw,. 

* find tboi^ht the^ ivas fomcwhat injtthatcauled^ 
' J^^OBK a deiacjip^. , ■ To which Mr; .Jjawex an- 1 

* Jwwif Tliat jher^tbought they nujll; nfake chof > 
f.P^Eigc by Money: And thempoa. they pro-j 

* pOUQded k to th^r Paitners, who appointed one, 
*'{ which, as he ^His, was i/ii. ya(eA)-to nuwe^ 

* the Lord TisaTucec tiiereaboutsj hy;' whom. 

* Word was brosght, that 500/. muft: be given ; . 

* which was agiee^ lo^bfL^given, and Dif ei^ion g^- > 
** ^cn ta Richard b0iBp, their Ca&iei;, to deliver 

* fb tDuch MonryCo: Mr. Jaceij or his Affigns; \ 

* it^ich was accordingly delivered the 31ft of yafy 
' 1^, unljo aSeri'aipt.of Mr. yacuFs, in Gold, for 
' lb it was required, and the fame entered in the 

* mondily Account as a Gratuity to the Lord 

* Treafurer. Andjmih^ That prefcntly after the 

* Deliveiy of the IVtonej, the Warrant was fign- 

* ed by the Lord Tresfurer ; whcrei^x)n their 
' Book paficd' Ihortl'y after. hvt further faith^ 

* That December 20, 1623, the yearly Account 
' being madie~ up &r the. Partners^, the'faid 500/. 
' waa there alibjentefcd in this Manner, For a Gro' 

' tu'ity givm<.ts.tbe- Lsrd'Treaftirer th Sum of 500 i . ' 

* ,'whiffh was then allowed by the- Anditors of rfud: 

* .4^*^'* 9^ which Mr. pawn #1^ one ; and . 




aa4 ^ Pdriiamffttary History 

B. SI Janet I> * the fame continued accordingly till the End of 
■ 1M4. t yattuarj, or Be^nnm^ of February; ind then Mr. 

* jacab Knt for this Examinant, and propounded 

* to this Examinant and Mr. Grey, that the faid 

* Lord Trcafurcr had told him, that the King was 

* made acquainted with the 500 /. and that the 

* faid TrcaJTurer had denied it his Majefty ; and 

* therefore the Account maft be altered, and the 

* ^o /. poftcd from ^e feid Account unto the 

* Great Farm ; and this was at the Houli of Mr. 

* yatoi. To which this Examinant faid, It might 
*■ DC done ; butthen not only the Book muft be 

* altered, but there being Copies of the Account 

* in the Hands of many of the Partners, they muft 

* be gotten in, which would be difficult ; yet this 

* Examinant would do his beft, which he did ac- 

* cordingly ; wherewith Jacob was well fadslied^: 

* And the fui Alteration being made, there was 

* Rcftitution made to this Examinant, and fuch 

* other of the Partners as had no Share in the 

* Great Farm, of their Parts of the faid 500 /. 

* whereof this Examinant's Part was about 40/. 

* And this Examinant did always take it, that this 

* 500 /. was given to the Lord Treafurcr for his 

* own Ufc, for Difpatch of the laid Warrant, and 

* for no odter Purpole. 


G. Cant. Tho. ff^enlwertb. 

H. MandtviHe. Era. RufftU. 

Hamihon. H. Danvirt. 

H. Seuthampim, Robert Sptrurr. 

Theo. Howard. JV. St^ W StaL 

' Tha. Gov. W hitch. Fra. Brook, 
Arthur Bath W IVelh. 

The faid Examnant, u^ ff*^ $^J^^t tht 
Day am the Tear above/hid, faith, * T^at he doth 

* well remember, that beftdes the Propo(ttion afbre- 

* fud at Mr. Jack's Houle, the faid Mr. y<Kwi 

* did, aoodier Time, at the Cufiom-Houfe, pro- 



^ DQWif ^e Alteration t>flt^. AcoaMitr'itntd this A&. *> J>nw«h 

* Exa»ip(u«, Sir ytlm0^aihakuy wiMr. Oir- »**^ 
*. rauxai 


Tho. Wtntwarth. 
Pra. Ri0fH. 
■ H. Darrveri. 
Re. Sptneir. 
^Smbamptm. fT. Sin l^ Seal*. 

flfl. Citv. is Lilch. ' ' . 

tju Eiamination tf Berkard Hyd«, tahn th« 
2010 ef Api'jSj 1624. 

^Txfaid ExamiiMnt fahb, * That he doth per- 

* fcdiy remember that about the End of yanuary, 

* or Banning of February laft, Mr, yacBb fent 

* for this Examinatit to his Houfe, the fiid Mr. 

* yaeeb bdng at that Time not well in Health j 

* and the laid Mr. Jacob did theij tell this Exami-7 

* nam, as from tM Lord Treafurer, That the 

* King bad Knowledge of the 500 1, given to the 

* Lord Trcafurer, which was charged upon the 

* Accounts ,of the Petty Farmls, and that his 

* Loidfliip denied the fame ; and* that his Loftl- 

* ^p ytu angry at the charging it on the Petty 

* Parnn, and diereforc would have the Account 

* altered. Andjaith, This Speech palled between 

* them in Mr. yaeeb's green parlour, and that 
' (bttts were in die Room at that Tinjp, Mr. Himy 
' Garrowayt and Richard Bijhopt but is not certain 

* whether the fame were openly fpoken whereby 

* rilefe two might hear ; or eiie faid privately tq 

* this Xtafniaant, to the end to make him more 
' ■ foiwzrd in the Alteration of the Book of Ac- 

■ tountis J which was indeed a great Difgrace ti^ 
-* (kdif Bo(^. 


Tbe faid' Examinant fiather faiihy * That at 

* Chrifimat lafi ^e Farmers of the" Petty Farm* 
- Vofc. VI. P .' prefented 


226 ^tiePar^fomenfarf History 

m. >* Jama L * pRfeltCed Ac hoiA TnaTurer vidi a Tun of 
''h* * Wine* at ibey had nJed to preTent in feimcr 

* 7'imes, and intetided to prefent him fimher with 

* a.Rpe of Canary Wine or the beft Sack : Biit, 

* within filoit Time after, Mr. Jat^ tcM tfait 

* Examinant and tome others of the FamMn* that 

* the Trcafurcr was anery with than for diat thqr 

* had not better regarded him bnt widi a Tun M 
< Wine, and his LonUhip expcAcd a better Grati- 

* Jication ; and that his LonUhip had named 300 L 
'. and in the end the Fanners concluded to give 

* him 100/. and this Ezaminant, by dieir Dircc- 

* tien, delivered the laid 100/. to his Loidflup'i 

* own Hands> and the fame was by him accepted i 

* which, a< Mr. Jant took on him, was the radier 

* W his Means ; and diereupon the Pipe of 'fwcct 

* Wine wa* forbore to be fent. 


G. Cant. Haml^. 

Pembmie. T. HnuarJ, 
7b». Cffv. bf Litd>. F. tbipIL 

H. MandeviUe. *R. Sptnetr. 
H. Snaban^tm. F, Brati. 

A. Bath if fTtUi. 

. * The 'Examination of Henrj Garrauiay^ taken 
the 17th of Jfrilt was to the lame Efied as Btr- 
rutrd Hyd* in his firfi. Examination.* 

Thi EMmhutim af Abraham Dawis, tahn tit 

Ipbe/Apnl, 1634. 

7be /aid Examinant faiths *■ That alter there 

* was an Agreement made for 9500/. to beallow- 

* ed by the Farmers for their Damage by the new 

* Impoft, this Examinant obferving the Warrant 

* was long delayed, and having Speech with Mr. 

* Btmard Hydt^ told him. That he thought the 

* Bufinefs was not well underftood, nor a ri^t 

* Courfe taken, and that fomething muft be given 
< to the Lord Tj-eafurerj and, flwitly after, tfiis 

3 •£»- 


-tf ENGLAND, tij 

* Sxuninant bmgone of tbe^udiconof ttwAc-te* » juanif 

* counu c6nccrning the Fan^s, and finding in the ***** 

* Book of RJcharJ Bijhop a Suni of 500/. fct 
■ down tp be given to the Lord Treafuror for a 

* Gratuity, aflted the faid Bijhap, What Vouchei 

* he. h;id for the Payment ? who faid, That he had 

* the Hands of fome of the Farmers for it: And^ 
f becai^fe the Time would not be long before the 
f Account for the whole Year Jhould be made up, 

* this Examinknt prelTed no further at that Time^ 

* l>ut when the Year's Account came to be made 
* , upt this Exapiinant finding the £une 500 /. then 

* put to Account, called Biflitp for his Vouchers, 

* who thereupon fhewcd to this Examinant a Note - 

* imdcr'the Hand of Sir Jahn Wolflenholme, and 

* Mr. Hepry Garrawaj, for Warrant of that Pay- 

* mcnt. jindfiirthtr Jeiib, That this 500 /. be- 

* ing afterw»^s poftad from that Account to the 

* Great Farm, the faid Bijbop told this Exami* 

* nant he had 3 /, odd Money for him, for his Part 

* of the Money, to which ha had taken £xcep< 

* don in the Account of the Wine Farm, faying, 

* That by Oire^on of the Farmers it was ported 

* to the Great Farm; and that the Lord Treafur- ^ 

* er would have it fo. To which this Exami- , 

* nant anfwered. That would be prejudicial to this 

* Exanvnant ; for his Part thereof in the Petty 

* Farm was but 3/, odd Money, but in the Great 

* Farm it would come to 18 A and above, ytfiJ 
'.* fiith tifen Hi Oath^ He ever conceived that 500*/. 

* to be. given to the Lord Treafurer for Dilpatch 

* of the Wamnt for the 9500 /. And that within 

* Ihort Time after the Partners had paid that 500/. 

* the Warnjnt was jigned by the Lord Treafurer, 

* apd t^eir fiiifinefi difpatched. 


G. Get^. j '"/.'_ n Cm. &f Liuh. 

r, jyitirtvimh. , H. Damiers. 

W. Sofi^. S,aL J. Baih. iiWtlh. 

N. Mandtviili\ " R. Spmetr, 

f.Rupii. ., ; 


328 Tie ParHMientary HksToAr 

** *i^r" ' '^ ExaMwalim tf Johk HahrhoK, taien th$ 
jyih ef April, 1624. 

Tht faid Examtnant fatth^ * That after fiidi 

* Time as the Fanners of the^*etty Cuftomi had, 

* for many Months, fued In vain to the Lord 

* Treafurcr, forSatisfeftion of thei^Lo^^esfuftafn- 
* ed by the new Impoll of Wines ; upon FetttiMi 

* exhibited to the King, and his Majefty^ Refls^ 

* ence, by Conunandment, to the Lord Treafiir- 

* er, on the laftof Deceinber 1621, iSoffn was a 

* Cdnclulion matft. That the Fanners fhould btve 

* the Defiilcation of 9500 /-out of the Rent ot' 

* the Wine Farm for nine Years and an b«If, iii 

* Satisl^6tion of their Demands ; But notwitli^ 

* ftanding that Agreement, and thai a Wttrrant 

* was prepared accordingly, (which Ais Eitami- 

* nant knowe^, becaule he faw it in the Hands oT 

* Mr. Jaai his Lordfliip's Secretary j ) "yet, for five 

* or fix Months together, the hot* TreafurCr flio* 

* intreated, could not be prcvMled on to figh the 

* Warrant ; whereupon Mr, Damts^ indmatin^ 

* that it was likely that the Lord Treafurer cxpcc- 

* ted fome Gratuity, it was rcTcdred to prdent 
" him with 500 /. which 500 /. is thus ehttred in 

* the Monthly Account of die Petty Fftrms, Bj 

* fs much paid to tht Lord Trtafurer ty tkr Handi tf 

* J^r. Abraham Jsicabyfir^temomdatim efioooi. 

* per Annumy 50ol- And furtbtr Jmth^ That the 

* faid 500/. was likewifc put into the yearly Ac- 

* counts of that Fartfi, and thereupon Copies of 

* the Account dilperfed into die Hands of manjr 

* of the Partners ; But afterwards Hie fame was 

* altered, about a Month after die Sumbions of 

* the Parliament, and was poftcd -ova to tticGreat 
' Farm ; and this Examtnant, by dte Apptant- 

* ment of Mr, facolf^ did call in divers Copies of 

* the laid Account, and believeth (.and fo ft wak^ 

* generally conceived,} ~ that this was altered by die 

* Lord Treafurer's Appointment. And fvribtr 

* fatth^ That befoK the faid 500 /. was reftJved 

* tp be given, Mr. Jaak did affirm, dut titt l.ord 

^ 'Trea- 


,„«r: ENG J, AN p. «a» 

.** Tpt^iatt m Kffwft fo much, as' Mr. /$'d!% Aa, u Junn (, 

* pusa t^aoafthat T)m<> 91^ oftcntim^, told thie ^^Ht. 
*£xajf^iB»ati and after that 500/. was given, tht 

* Wuniit was £gned, and the Bulineis dirpatchedh 

* nritVJTudi £j^p^iU<Hi, that the Boole paJTed the 
' Sat ^fithIn a Fortnight, or tittle more. Jnd 
■ Jaiiif That npon Payntent of the 500 /. oi|t a( 

"* ihe petty Farais,. hii Paft came to 3 1, odd Mo- 

* ^tyt but if- he ihall bear his Part thereof in the 

* Ofca^^ann^ it will be about 15/. Lofs to bim^ 


ff. <V- '1: H. MandtvflU. ' ■■ ■■ 

H.' Snithamptn. ■■ ■_ T. Howard. 

^. If^mtt^b. Hamiitm. 

H. Drnwri. T. Cov. i^ IM^. - = 

.J8. Spmtr. , Pmireie. 

■ a2rfy,Apra, i6i4. ' 

'litfa!'^^amitHmrfaUi>,^{Y\)3X there wa«v, an 
^ nAgF«0ineACtniade, as tjiii) l^K^in^t heard Irom 

* his Paj^ti^ers, and tel^evt^ i!t 1:0 be true, by the 

* Lord Tr^ureron h^ Mi'tflV'^dt^lfi to^^iow 

* 1900/. per Annum., untt) the ^armus of die.Pctty 

* Farm, ir Satisf9<EliQa i»f; thicir Damagje by the 
'* Imtmlition lately fet upon Wines : which Agrc»- 

* meiUi bang made on New Year's Eve.vai 
.* Twdvemonth, and continual Suit msde' aftor 

^ for the Difpatch, yet for thb Space of about iiK 

* Months ^ey were Suitors for the Wairant of 

* Allowance, but could not get it until 500/. 
. * was agreed to be given to the Lord Trcaiurer'; 

* and this Examinant, being Cafhier to the Petty 

* Fan|«, recmved Ord^r from Mr. Jacob, Mr. 

* i^f^, and fpme others of the Farmers, to put 

* the fame to Account, which, according to their 

* Dire£tion he did, and entered the faij^e jn h(S 
- * Joyttul; Book iq thefc Words, H^July, 162J. 

* viz. 7i* Farm of French Winei nfftfi U rea^ 
■. > P 3 * Manej 


ago The Parliamentary HTsTdKY < 

An. »i T w»T' * Meney the Sumef 500/. fald tad freftriil U A$ 

»«»4* * £wi/ Treafurtr by tht HmAi af Mr. Abraham 

' Jacob, far a Grati&ation fir hit Ler^ip's Fair 

^'ikur in accommodattng an Ailnaanct of iMib Ijer 

* Annum, tt be abated iut of the RtHt for iht ^mt 

* te come. Ifoy, paid to the Hands ef Mf. Jacobl 
■ the Sum ef 500 1. And he did likewife enter the 

* fame into his Leidger-Book } and in the End of 
,' the Year, the faid 500/. was put into diegene^ 

* ral Account of the Farm, as a Gratuity to the 
' Lerd Trcafurer; and thereby the Dividend of 

* the Farpi was fo much the lefs ; and the fame 

* Account was audited and allowed by Mr, Hyde^ 

* Mr. Fletcher, Mr. Daweit and Mr. fflSiam. ' 

• And after, in February laft, this Examinant 

* received Direction to antcnd the Account ; aiwl 
t thereupon, the zSth of February laft, this Exa- 

* minont made an Entry a> fblloweth in his Jour> 

* nal-Boolt, viz. The Jcaunt of the three Pttti 
f. Farmt, for lie Tear ended at Miduelmis Iqfif 

* aweth to feveral Jccsuntt the Sum ef 500 1. <m 

* is forfe much dividable to tht PartnerSy aver and 
't'abovithe Sumef 12, lao J. 12). 10 d. former^ 
^'dividtdfor tht Frnpiaf the Ytar ended t^V&^ttx^- 
^ mas lefl^ far which the faid Partnert are due te 
'* !>avt atfallaweth; and then did enter every Man's 
"*■ Katne with his Part of the 500 /. belonging to 
-* each Man ; and the fitme was alfo entered m ano* 
•• ther Lctdger-Book, as appears by the feveral 

* Books, containing all theafoivfaid Entries, fairly 

* written, and now (hewed to the Lords Commit- 
■*tees. And'faiib, That albeit he had Order to 

* have razed the Account, yet he did it not j but 

* kept' the fame and the Book fair, and took fo 
•' much the more Labour, and entered all fpecialljr 

* as afore&id. 

G.Cant. W.S^^Seal. 

A. Bath br IVeOs, H. Seuthampton. 

H. MandruiUe. F. Break: 

H. Spenetr, ■ The. Cm. dftiuB, 



■6f EN GLAND. 231 

* And thefe Examinations were reaal, touching *>• njuanl,' 
ike Bufinefi of die Grwr Anfu, &c. Ws. '^ 

71&# BxamnatitH af Hemry Gaxkaway, /n^nr 
/Af 17^^ April, 1624. i 

7%r fittJ Bmmnant faith, * That the Exami- 

* nant and others having take;i a Leafe of th^ 

* Great Cuftonu, in fliort Time after they vr^t, 

* mi Iry- Mr. Jaeti, That Ac Lord Treafurei 
•'defiredtohavc the DifpoGtion of fome Parts in, 

* that Fahn, but nothing was conceded tbcteoii ^ . 
*- faving that Ais Ebpnnin?nt and the Patentees, 

* told' Mr. yaeeby they wbuld defir^ his Lordllu[| 

* to girt'Aem Leave tb' (fifpofe of all theirParts 
*■ ambng their own Friends, and they would be 

* diankful to his Lordfliip ff the Farm did prof- 

* per ( and accordingly the Farmers prefented un-. 

* to his Lordfliip a Note containing all the Pait< 

* nen, and Diftribution of all the thirty-two 
' Parts of the Finn, to the Intent his Lordfliip 

*• might, according to that Propofition, give War- , - 

* rant for their entering Security to his Majefty, 

* which his Lordfliip accepted and allowed ; and 
*- gave Warrant to the King's Remembrancer, to 

* take Security accordingly. Whereupon the Far^ 
*. mers went firft, and procured as many others as 
*. diey could, to go after to Mr. fFe^, to give Se- 

* curity i but five of them not willing to proceed 

* in the Farm, fell ofl^; whereupon this Examinant 

* and die other Patmtces thdt had undertaken to 

* give his Majefty Security, moved the Lord Trca- 

* furer to accept Security of them, and they would 

* refume thefe five Parts to themfclves j and hts 

* Lordfliip fdd he would : Neverthelefs he did d&- 

* fer to fign any Warrant therefore, but did not 

* then, ' nor long after, fpeak of any Parts for him> . 

* felf, or to be at bis Difpofal ; neither doth this 

* Examinant canc«ve any Reafon his Lordfliip 

* fliould, the Opinion of the Finn being then f« 

* m«m, that live of their Partners fell off: But 

* the Warrant fat- Security being deferred till fome 

P 4 • £q/i- 

A. 11 jiBM I;* Ba/l-IaJU Ships came Ifi, vbii^-ast^i'^iaxm- 

iSh- * nant remembers, was about Mayan^ /<'i*',.l6»|| 

' and the Farm then growing hopeful^ his Lord- 

* ihip then brgan to challenge, the four ^tun.ths 
' i^ann, or elfc to haVe (^eciSmperice for-mcume j 

* which the Farmers thooghi to be ve'ry hard, they 

* having upon tbeir^rllProinifc*or.^^Vtjtfu]mls, 

* and in Performance thereof, augmentq^tMS jlioid^ 
« fliip'sNewYearVGift, which formicHjr jrrw but 

* 1000 Marks, and in the Year fpllov^ifg yf»$ 
' made looo/. neverthcle& 'his hoidQi\oiemaai' 

* ed looo /. in lieu of bis four Part^. This £xa^ 
,• * minant and Us Partners thongt)t,t)ie.pcmaiid al-' 

* together narcalbiuble, thejr not oynifg aoy 

* Thing to his Locdflup, nor there b^g stnjr Thing 

* due to his Xjordflup tn that kind ; for tlut. i^xin 

* the drft waving his Claim of Part, the whole 
' Farm, long before this fecond Demaiid, was di' 
^ vided b^ Indenture amone all the Purtqera ; yet 
' und^ftanding that the Farmers of die Petty 
,* Farms, (whole Bufmcfs did IHck as well as tbo 

* Bufmefs of theGreatPann,] werewming topre- 

* fent 59o/. to his Lord&ip, to remove the Stop ; 

* the Farmers of the Great Farm coilfentcd to give 

* 500 /. more i and both of them employed Sir. 

* jaeti to negotiate their Bufinefs, who procured ' 
^ a fpcedy Difpatch of both BufindTes, and had' 

* Allowance of 500/. out of the Great Farm,' 

* and 500 /. more out of the Pet^ Farms { which- 

* Money, fet upon the Petty Farms, was after*. 

* pofled to the Great Farm, as in bis other Exa- 

* mination taken this Day is fet forth. ■ 


G. Cant. H. MattdtvilU. 

A. Bath. i£ Wills. H. Sautbamptott. 

^ T. ffentwtrtb. T. Cnt. Is' Liuh. 

T. Httvard, X. Spencer,. .., 

H. Danvers. JV. Sty W Stel.. 


%/> 'B ■« G h W' 'N- b: ijj 

■ I^»/Aprn, 1624. •»*** 

ntJaUl Mmmtkant fiHt, < That aftier bis Mk-' 
*. 'jtBtf hftd rinflM dte lafl LesJt ef the Great Cut- 

* BMiu, ihiiW^Vvts Setfiltitf of 48,006/. touefimr 

* dtatF«»hittib4 given to hibMi^eftyj which be- 
' log AifMctf tiltti *hiny-two Parts^ -eteh Part wis" 
*,ito foouf* t5B«)/. Parcel 'of fie ilif 4,8,000/.^ 
'-'■ftiwwiftti fhfc Wattaes of df the Ptrtncrs, and' 
*-dM£uMi&OKy'Wereto fecuVC, wqre pot into one' 

* Paper, which wm tdlowcd by tfie Lord TreBfilt-' 

* ev^ -'and--hW 'Kor^flitp .underneath lubfcribed a 
' Warrant to the Kihg's Remembrancer^ to .^ke 
' Security accdHlihg to thw Note. • ' 
' *,B«t ait« five of the Parts fell off, Wftercby 

* his Maje%*s Sccmity fell fliort 7500/. and thwe-^ 

* upon the Faimeri, willing to uniJcrt^ thollf 

* Parts th<«*iftl*te, moved the Lori Tnafurcr' c^ 

* accept -t^tAi Steirity for tbefe Parts, whiCft ar 
' this£xaminantwastoldbytheFanners,hi$Lord- 
' J[bij?fajtlbe.w9ttUKCept; yAtlkfanni'tBitnJike^ 
' Warrant to tj^. RepseoAi^mr to take the Se- 

' ciuity, from September 1622, until 9W< or "fuly 
» laft, and thAi giVd Warvaii* therefoK : rtQ*Scit^ 
*- Mt Etetmintrnt Ji^, That before the feme Wir- ' 
*-KMitpaff!d, th« F^nn^rs were drawn toyteldto' 
*■[» Gratuity -of ■■^560/'. ' *hi* |*fe Examihant* 
*-lefadWflth} ■fta- that a Strrant of Mr. Jacoi who| 

* ^atd rtw Mfthey, demandftig AHowance tberti9r,' 
*. a^n the Account of the Firm, thw'Examintat* 

* refufed t©-giW--A)]ewancc thereof, utml he* 
« broughttothiiExMn&iariti Warrant figncdW 

* Sir fiba JVt^T^lme and MV, GefTOwayy whicV 
•■ woa now (btfwed to him dated 5^/)r a^th, 16^.^ 
*- And ihWeupori this Examinaht, '■ on or about tflc' 
•.*th«fj*^ipf](dl, gave AHowance thereof.' Anit^ 
^faithy That heutlderftood tfeat, aboutfhat Time,' 
•"-tte Lofd TVeafurer hid claimed four Parti in 
•- tile fiud Farm j whidi fiemed ftrange to this Ex*-' 

* minMitand the Partners. 'And fiitb. That he' . 
■* hieifcif -biing. one of the five nained in the firft 

* Wammt, ^ 


»3+ the pm^a^a^ary Histoky 

a. »i JnM !• * .Wamnt, which mvpc up tbek Paits, had his Part 
»'**■ « from and under Mr. Htnrj Garrawaj's Quar- 

* ter, and neither he nw any of the other four bad 

* their- Parts from die Lord Tr^urer; ncitfaer 
', were theii Parts toretum to the Lord Trcafiirei-.* 

* Jnd faith fwiheTf That upon an Account^which' 

* benn to be madcin April 16231, and was audit-> 

* edjuljr gtb, 1 623, for the Year ending at Chrifi" 
■ max 1622, the five Parts of ^oTe that fell off*,' 
*. were divided among the four Fanners; and tUs' 

* Examinant made up the Account in that Man-' 

* ner, by the Farmerg Warrant. * 


G. Omt. HimidM' 

H. Sautbamptmi J. Balk, V WtlU. 

T. Hfwari. . ~ Jt. Spnuctr. 

H. MandewUt. Pemh-oit. ■ 

T. Cev. is Liub. T. Wtntwtrtb, 

The ExSmmam af Abraham Dawes, taktn tke' 
"*o» rf April, 1624. 

71/ faid Examinant faiths * That tht Farmew ■ 

* of the Great Cullonu, havii^ agreed upon tak-' 
*j_ing a.Lcafe of that Farm, they amcMig them-' 
■ felvo divided the Farm into thirty-rtwo Parts j by» 
*. the Partners, of which Parts proportionable Se-' 

* curity was to be given to bis Mi^^ly, amounting' 
' in all to 48,000 /. unto his Majefty's Ufe ; and' 

* the Lord Treafurer made a Warrant to the King'r 

* Remembrancer, /to take Security accordingly, 

* without refcrvingjipy Part to htmfelf, or any 
'other than was nu^ntioned in that Warrant; but' 

* five of the Partners falling off,; th«, four Paten-' 
*. tees relblved to accept thofe Paits ^'r themfelves,' 

* and to divide them equally amofig them, and to* 
' give their own Security unto his Majefty for- 
•.thofc five Parts. Aad faiths That this Exami-' 
*.mnt, finding, both by the Accounts of the Farm, 

* and by Conference with Mr. Jabn Jfllliamty' 

* that 


^ .EiNGL ANB. t^j^ 

* that 50ioi. yht put upon the Acqoyat of di« A% ttjumt* 

* Fann, u a Gratuity to the Lord Treafiiree, ^r ■•*••- 

* accepting Security for thofe five Parta, told Mr, 

* ff^iamSf that it was hard and unequal that 500^ 
' fiiould be (et upon the whole Farm, for that 

* which concerned thofe five Parts onlyj which tt|e 

* four Partners took to themjitlvEa. And fetttk> 

* That this CoflferefKe was between him and X^ 

* Hams about Jtdj laft. And further faiiht That 
;* be hod .a Conference with Sir John H^a^ei$btim(* 

* ybout two Months paft, what Part the, Lbij 

* Treafurer had refcrvpl in that Farrn^ who iai^* 
■* he propounded at fixfttahxvefomePartt buttle 

* Farmers ^kmbting, left by that Means* Sir w£m^ 

* Ingram .might be put upon them, intrcated )4s 

* L^fbip .Co permit' than to difpofe of all tfa^ 

* /Pws« and th«y would be dliankful to his Lor4- 

* fliip fonie other Way ; with -which his Lordflup 

* was Satisfied, aj)d that, (in Performance of diat 

* Promife,] whereas at Chrifttnai before thcy.^ifc 

* him 1000 Marksi the next, Qa-i/itiat they |pye 

• * him 1000/. . : r-'i - 


G. Cant. k. Southamten. 

■ Jl. Beth, y 1^4Us. W. Saj £jf Sw/. 

r. Cev.iifllt(i>. r.Hnvafi^ 

.Ptjnhroke'. '■; F. Breot: 

T. tVattwerth. ' 

."TJu Examinatten sf John Harrison, tahn the 
iowef April, 1624. 
Tbe/aidEumtinantfoitbt * That a little before 

• • Cbrifimas was two Years, Sir Jelm Wtdjienhelmt 
'* 1^ this Examinant, that upon taking toe Great 

' Farm, the Lord Treafurer defired to have fome 
. « Parts therein for fome of his Friends ; but the 

* Farmers fearing left any Ibould be put on thein, 

* with whom they were not willing to join, moved 
. ' his Lordfbip to let them difpofe of the Farm as 

* they thought good, and they would gratify him 
' * otbenrife » which his Lordlhip was content with. 

* And 


It i^jitottfc* >arf i^ EiAiftAiiiha jmh^\fiun .Tl«|t,.»b6uk 
-"^" i 4»H;iTMtw*''¥Wrai the. riMi4» dhidrt the 
* -^m tntio Aint^-'t^o Pntib' {tiofKatuMui^ t6 
imry Mart' fbfeStidiinty he Wu ^ tn give t6 
hw Majefty ; ^ Whtcb tbt Loid Treafuret 
allowed^ «hd )tgncd a Wanam -t» Mr, X^, 
M takft the Security aceortHngly j «hSch Wai*- 
nnt thti' IlximAnant 'c&ttied to Mr. M^, wtin 
|tttpar«( a Cbndrtien eF a ■ Bdpd* which «^ 
penifed &nd. mad^ peifeA- by <Mr. Atttaviejr; 
and mofliOf tBe Pfartnen tMonA Bond second 
ingly, only tIteKr reMnxoCd fite Parti unAaured. 

fbr iMtrH] utmr the Puts acc<H^hg Co tfi* Div£ata 
iilade as xTo^tM } ' and-, cencernlttK ihe fivcJSbrts 
unrecured,.the'Pi^ii«eu,wbO'W0M(] qocfaduijr 
Indenture btit to fwch aa gxfe SKWit^Co-tHe 
King^ took thoTePniftg^otKemfelves, sMd.ofief- 
ed the Lord Treafarer their 6*h Soeuritf ; bdt 
the taking thereof being long delayed, and 500/. 
liavmg been giren to the Lord l^na^fter t^Mf. 
'Jaceby whi^ the Fannen were to fee refuid fo 
Mr. 5^Tcrf ;■ there was R Warrant given to Mr. 
^a6« WiBgm^ the^Cafliier of that Farmj a|ul 
the laid Warrant, being fi> to be written by wt 
Examinant, Mf, dirraw0)> called dlis Examinant 
into the OMce of the Ci^om-Konfe, to dim^ 
him in the drawing of that Warrant ; and ae- 
cordingly required him to make a Warralit to 
Mr. WtlUams for allowing 500/. toMr. Jaaii 
yet fo carried himfelf, that he anpeared, to this 
Examinant, unwilling that this Exarninant fhould 
knowwhythe laid 500/. was diAorfbd; yef, in . 
the end, perceiving that he could not wdt hite 
it from this Exaniinant, he plunly told ^ii Bxk« 
mi^ant, That this 500/. was given to tbcliofd 
Treafurcr, to procure him to take tbtt Pitenteis 
own Security for thofe five Parts that hid betin 
relinquiflied ; and faid, in refped: the Farm wAs 
not fufficientjy fecured until that Ssctimy giveH, 
he thought it rcafonsMe that 500 /. fhould be pat 
upon the Charge of the wholeFarna ; aid tbnt- 


* fm frBM "^ ^nnuaast lb to (Iraw the WftTf Ah M JioM 1^ 
fitMt but ^Sr.£fi7jliil»w pot jittQ the Account of h^ 

« (tegeaeraldnuvt And uupeupon Mr. j^^ 
*h^AJiamopc OKKoCt «>d tiw50Q/. nosput 
*. iA^ ih* Account ^ th« Fanp. Aadfrnibtt 

* f^^ That be hath fisce updfU'&Md frotn Sir 
^ Jitm W^finihhet tM. a? th^ pamutd to grar 
i< 4i^ «i« Lonl Tr^Fpr, £u- leaving the Clai^ ^ 

* Uij Fatti iif.^ Fvini fo thejT bave per&imej 
^ b fine*, in laifti^ ifae twQ Yean pa^ bU Nor 
« yew's CKft fmi) looo Madt9 to looo l. And 
'foMi, Tbtt alMxHi^ be bath b«ea mucb «mr 
' pk^rad Intbe fiufinda «^ tbat Fana. yet be doth 
< vot kwnr aoy thing thatlfae Lord Treafurcr had 

* atf Bij^ *r E^ty in anv Part of that Faroii 

* ma dntClMntlMt he iitft made, and after f^ 
« Knqniftad, nn'onh for i«fonipi ending lamp 
« EitoBd^ an^natforW&lf. 


G. Omf. a^. Say ^ StaU, 

FetiAr0kt. ■ T. Cmt. H Litek. 

-f^r Etrminttian •f Sh lonif WoitTtKHOtVl, 
taitn tht Ijib of AprUt 1604. 

7Z« filiJ Exumimmt Jiakhj * That the Fanne^ , 

* of the Petty Farm*, finding their Bufinels to (ni- 
' Sa great DeUy ,witk the Lord Ttieafurer, did, as 

* this Examinant was made acquainted by M(. 

* J^ and MbeiB) aefslvje to prafem his Lordfliip 

* with 500 A and that the fame ' was prefcnted ; 

* and Mr; yMeb hinfdf did acknowledge as oiuch. 

* jtnjht furthrr fittth-. That between Chriflmas, 

* ibitj and 4^1/ 29(h, 1622, the Lord 7realu~ 

* rer chdUcagcd aPrcKVi& of the Farmers,' to have 
' four Para in tbfi Great Farm for himfelf and his 
< Frieods} bntwonpfomile^f Thaiikfijkers from 

* the Faimers m the Great Farm, was contented 

* to relinquiih thole Parts; in refpe£l whereof Mr. 
■^ -y«(*^> afterwards, telling theni that my Lord 

* Trea- 


TliePar^aiaattafy' U^T^^tr 

Tftaftihir did' expeft thiir, Thirilrfiilrteft p ft« 
Fanncn were content to adVsnce^is N«w YOBr** 
Gifrof ioooM»rks to rdOo/.-fcy the Yeari 
And liis Lofdfhip/'bcing agreed, 'aUTilfonifaid, tA 
relinquilh hts I^arf, upon the faid 19th Af AprH 
l6ai, did fign a' Warrant to ^a King's Re* 
membrancer for taking of Securit]'';' in whicK 
Warrant all die Partners, ' and the ftlli thirty-two 
Parta of the Farm are fet down; ahd no Part 
thereof referved to fait Eordfliip; 'after which 
Warrant, fifre of the Partners nam^d in diat 
Warrant fyi off, and would not proteedi where*- 
upon the Farmcrt themfelves moved his Lord* 
fliip to accept their Security for thofe Parts, ia4 
they would take upon them thofC'Parts; and b Ik 
Lordfhip then made no Claim to- thofe Parts ; 
yet delayed the Warrant by the Space trfa Year, 
or thereabouts, never claiming any Parts in aH 
that T^me ; but the Eqft-India Ships afterwards 
c<»ntng in, whereby there was apparent Likeli- 
hood of Gain, his Lordfliip then challenged four 
Parts, and would not fign the Warrant for ac- 
cepting their Security, until they had pFomifed 
or given him 500/. And this Exarainant and 
Mr. GarrauMiy figned a Warrant unto Mr.' ^Z- 
Hami for Payment of diat 500A And faifh. 
That when he figned the faid Warrant, he had 
no Thought or £xpe£btiot) diat the other joo /, 
Ibould ever have been put upon the Great Farm, 
but that it Ihould itill have refted on the Petty 
Farms. ' 


G. Cant. 
T. Hnvcrd. 
H. MandevilU. 
H. StHtbampten. 

T. Civ. U Litch. 
A. Beth. » fTdU. 
H. Dattvtri, ■ 
H^. Say W Sal. 
T. Ifmtmsrtk.- 
Jt. Sfmtr. . 


5^ Ei^ G L AND. 439 

'. A Warrdnt to Mr. WlttlAMS, ««. , ** •» Juum I. 

« Mr. ^iliamtt wc pny you, pay unto Mr. Ja- ** 

* ai the Sum, of 500 /. given hun> by Order from 
*. the Fannen, to the Lord Treasurer for a Gra* 

* tui^> and put it to the Account of Charge. 

* This Warrant was fhewn to Jtbn William 

* the 1 7th of A»*// 1624. 

G. Cant. H. Seutbampton, 

H. MamUviae. T, Hnaard, 

Htamhan. T. Wentumtb. 

Tht Exammtim tf Abraham Jacob, ttAtn th't 

jyth o/" April 16244 

The faid Examnattt faith^ * That upon the Con- 

* clufion of the Leafe of the Great Cuftoms, the 

* Lord Treafurer told him, that he would rrfervp 
*ibme Part in the Farm, nominatihg at iiift fix 

* Paita, and afterwards four Parts : But the Farmers 

* fearing that thereby fome Partners might be put 

* on them, with whom they had no liking to join, 

* entreated that his Lordlhip would give themLearc 

* todiJpofe thereofamong theirown Friendsi and, 

* if the Farm did profper, they woujd be thankful 

* to his Lordfhip : And his Lordlhip con^nting 
'thereto, Jigned a Warrant to Mr. Pf^tjtf for ta-r 
■' king Security ; in ■ which Warrant the whole 

■ * Farm was divided into 32 Parts, and all the Part- 

* nets named, with each Man's Proportion ; of 

* which Number five afterwards fell off*, and there- 

* upon the Farmers became Suitors to the Lord 
^ Treafurer to take their Security for thpfe Partsj 

* to which his Lord&ip condefccnded, and faid, 

* He would give Warrant accardingly, but did not 
■•give Warrant till about Junt ^ft ; in which 

* mean Time the Farmers and Partners did diflr^- 

* bute and divide the whole Farm by Indentures, 

* rcfenrisg t&6fe five Parts among dienfTelves, and 

• the 


AB.'~a4 Jmw}. * the Money for. fhe firft Year «tas 4iiwk4 unong 

itef ■ ( the Parto«rs, according to the Indentures; .But, 

> id tfw kooni Ytoj, Oie Fktk pioTpertftg, and 

f lbin« Soft AMn Ships coining In, Ms LwdSli^ 

* a^B challenged four P«ts j which this Exatni- 
< Rant thought ftrange, and fb told hi* Lofdflup^ 

* for that hie Lordlhip, in the Beginning b^ «•• 

* ved that Claim, and had giratfiis WarnDtto 
« Mr. Jftjt fvf the whole 3a Part*. To tidiich his 

* Lordlbip anfwcred fomcwhtt {bsrpljr, and fidd; 

* That wet ial an Omiffitn. Befides, this Exami- 

* na!nt told him. That he had no Ground fiof that 

* Demand* becauTe he defired at hate it fcr 

* others. To which his Lordlbip anfwered, SJr 

* Arthur Ingram, and tbey ta wbmt ht wuoMt it^ 
*had lefi the Parts te himfelf. Whereupon this 

, f Examtnajit a<id his Paitners, not knowing how M 

* withftand his (<ordfliip*a Will, tiu)' they knew no 

* juft Reafon of bis Pemand, wercdrtven to think 

* of fame Ckiurfe to fatisfV his Lordlbip ; aod tbs 

* Farmers of the Petty farms, wbofe Bvftnela tat 

* their 9500 /. had been long delayed, haviiig about 

* that Time fallen into a Refolution to pfc&nt hi* 

* Lordlbip with 500 /. the Fanners of the Grrat - 

■ Cuftoms alio agreed to add 500 /.more : And tbW 

* Examinant, hy Warratit from the Fanners of 

* the Great Farm, delivered bis Ixirdlhip lOQoi 

* 500 /. whereof was again allowed, upon die Gnat 

* Farm to this Examinant, aiid other 5CX) /. out of 

* the Petty Fanns } and thereupon the Buiinefs of 

* both Farms had a Difpatcb. Jnd faith, Tias. the 

* Farmers of the Petty Farms did, as this Depo- 

* nent afliiredly believeth, di{bui& that Money for 

■ their own Bufinds, and not the fiufinefs of fbe . 

* Great Farm. Andfaitb^ That the feveral Sums 

* of 500 /. were {cverally put upon the A<;cQuRtB 

* of the feveral Farms, apd fo ccoitinoed till ah^ut 

* January laA ; and then his LonUbw bavifiK* * 

* It feemed, Ibme Notice how thelc Monies wcic 

* &t in the Accooints, alked this £x»ninant tbar»- 

* of: And this, Examinant taking Tinw till (be 

* Morrowi iu>d thji^ briogipg word, unto hi* Lc^ 



»/ E N t; L A N ,D. 241 

* fliip, that 500/. was fct upon the Great Farms, Aa. s» jame*- 
' and 500 /. upon the Petty Farms,, hU Lortjfhip, '^*** 

* in fome Paffion, fkid^ Thty.hcrOe dant trie ff^rmg, 

* this will trench upan trtf Henaur i I received of yttu 
' the 1000 \. fir my Peris ef the Great Farm, and 

* it had ns Refirenct t» the Petty Farm ; and, afte? 

* confidering of it about two Daysj fent for ^(ul- 

* Examinant, and dealt with him to ha/c the Ac- 

* counts mended; which this Fxa^inant, witit 

* Confent of the Farmers, procured j yet the Lortl 

* Trcafurer, not contented therewith, after two 

* or three Journies, caufed this Exaiiviutit, witk 
' Confent of the Farmers, to write a Lett^ to, his 

* Lordlhip, dated in June litft, (by A;nteflate, tbo' 

* written in yanuary faft) whereby ^his i^xa^iinanf ' 
' did intimate or acknowledge, that^ the joflo /« 

* was given his Lordlhip for tour 32 Part? of tht 

* Great Farm ; and at the Jame Time his Lord-* 

* Ihip gave an Acquittance to this Examinant, with 

* the like Antedate, acknowledging the Re(»ipt of 
'the icooA for the faid four 32 Parts; which 

* Acquittance was now delivered to the Lord* 
■ Committees. And faith^ There was no Ac- 

* quittance required, nor Receipt taken till "Janu- 

* ary Jafl ; but the Lopl Trcifurer fending G/icA- 
' wfaTf, his Servant, to receive the Money, cgtn- 

* manded him to give no Receipt nor Acquittance 

* to this Examinant, but to leave it to his Lofd- 

* fhip. And this Examinant paid the laid lOOO l- 

* to Catchmay the 27th of ^Jum laft. And further 

* faithy That where the Farmers promifed to be 

* thankful to his Lordfliip for waving his Parts, if 

* tb«r Farm profpered, they raifed his Ncw-Year*8 

* Gift from 1000 Marks to 1000 /■ 


G. Cant. . T. ffentworti. 

Tbt. Gov. & Litib* Thei. Hiiward._ 

H. Southampton^ Henry D^nvfm. 

H. MandevHle. W. Say ^ Sid 
Mrth. Bath. Isf mih. 


»> iiJiBMl. « -rhen the fiiid Miwdattd Letter {ud Acqufr- 
'^^ tuice, mentioned in the Examinsdon of ^ir^^Mv 
TiTfo^, far the laid looo/. to be .paid the Z7th of 
jttne, 1623, for the faid four 37; PirtB, was read- . 
And, t6 prove ^e tfainl Corruption, Ibaddowed 
i>nder the Pretext of a New- Year^sGift, wererdaJ 
(tic^ Exdnktatiofis, ime. 

4^ 'ExamUJkkn »f AbKArXm jAceB, lb^£» ttf 
20ih of April, 1634. 

, The-pid EuaiSmmt fdith^ * That the 'Farmers of 
•'the Petty Ftrnis having^ -a.^ Chrtjhiias Jaft, prt-^ 
*■ ftlited dje Lord Treafiirer with a Tun of Wine 5^ 
V ifaortly alter die Lord Tre^^urer, midfting tKere- 
*' of, told this ExamiBam, That they had included 
, * three Farms in One Leafe; and tnat tbe Txfsi 

* Treafnrer ufed to be prdented out of alltbefit 

* Farms, yet they now put him off with a Turt 

* of Wine; ahd did Very much exprefs himftt£ 

* offfelid&d thereat, and did let fly at this £x»ifi- 
*' naiit for the fBs>e : And thereupon this EXami- 
*' narft moved ttie Farmers, who contented to giv* 

* hhntioo/. bat the LoM Treafurcr (aid it wab 

* too little. Andfaithy That when his Lordfeip. 

* declared himfelf offended at tbe Smallncfs of tht; 

* Prefent fent to hiin as aforefaid, this Examinan^ 
' told him. That the Fanners intended to prdeirt 

* him with two Pipes of Canarj Wines ; But hii 

* LordJbip faid. He would not be fo ufed; 'aiiC 
, •■^lighttdtheOfcr* 


1^. Cottf. . Thea. Howard. 

U. ManJevin*. The. Cev. fer Litcb. 

HamiUon. Jrth. Bath, tf ^fllir. 

Pembroke. F. RuffiU, 


73^ Examtwtien ef Bernard Htos; tein ti» ja. *ijijm% 
Jtrifrtf/ April, iiSs4. »6»v 

* He depofcth to the Pretehtment of tlie Tun iJt 
** "Wirie, is aforefaid, to tlie Lord Treafurerj with 

* an Intent alfo to prefcBt hiin ,wkh a Pipe of Ca- 
'* tidry Wine, or the bcfl: Sack : That Mr; JadA 

* told him and others^ That the Lord Tre^urw 

* was angry tl^at-he was not better re^rded j «nd 
*• that he expeHed a Setter (Gratification j and that 
^ Ills Lordfhip named 200./. That therefore l}* 
■*'dclivtred 100/. to the Irf>rd Treafurcr's owii 

* Handj 'but the Pipe of fweet Wines was for-i 

* borne to be lent. 


* HcMMri AtWrtMjr eddect tke CHKRCE'foT, . 
jlie faid three Cotntptioas.' ^ 

Thetord Treafurcr ■sftmed, iha ibe grtafe/l lie Laid iW 
S*art nf tbtfi Prvsftfwear tiH that thty ef t& ^tttj <"«"•» Anf«ei 
^armgirve him the $00 1, that it ittruethe'OreiA'j^J^^l*'!> 
.Farmert paid it to hii L«rdfi)if^ artrf laid it eitthi ■ ™^ 
Ptttj Farntt and d*t*ivid thtit end BbUfid his JUrd^ 
^pthtrtby. ,' ■ 

He dtHud- that the . Pttty Farmers ■axre Saittn if 
•kit Aftfi^ at Jveh ftnu iis is i^trmtd i but tiityt^ri^ 
fitted to his Lord^iip, and he dirt&td thtm to exbiblt 
their Bill inta' the Ejrdit^iur Gkambir^ atid or3er^ 
Mr. Jiteriuy le ar^wA: it : Hat they- Uitd it ml j. 
■hutf if feme pawerful Meant, delivered a Petition n 
the Kir^x {a very feandidoHt Petitan again/fhiiLarcf- 
Sip}^- which the King referred te the Oiimtaitar tmX 
tufi^i^: ■ Thai they demanded w ytiirwanct- mT 1 0,000 h 
■^Jtntlynade, arid he allowed them hut ^^obh 
Jto be paid in nine Teart atiJ a Half; far V^ieh'f^ 
Jtfirved na Bribe : That hit Warrant to the Jtitm^ 
tuas'delayed far thefe tuia Caiifis: 
^ Firft, For thai hit Lotdfiip^ frtp^tadU U>im9>iit 
^lfm:JFae!mfgrikf£ixg- '■ 

,L.'(Hi'^le . 

244 *I%e Parliamentary History 

M. s*-Jiatea I. Secondly, Far that their Warrant was nat drnOft 
'***• . as it »ught a he. 

Touching the Great Farm, his Lordfhip (aid. He 
VMuld make it appear, that he hod referved foMr 3a 
Parts therein far htmfelf and his Friends \ and eL- 
Udged, That thofc Farmers have cmfejfed that, their 
Farm't prafpertng, he thfreupan did demand a Reconk- 
'pence for hit Part, 

' Here his LonKhip read the Heads of his Prooft 
out of a Paper, and then required that the Exai- 
OlinatioRS taken on hii Part might be read ; wh^d^ 
were read accordingly by the Clerks v/z. 

The Exemnathn af Sir Arthijii Ingram, lOit. 
taken the ^d of May, 1624. 

* That fome Time before Cl^mai, 1621, the 
« old Fcrmcrs of the Great Farm, vix.- iir'jeBm 

* Wal^enhalme, Henry GarrMvay, Abraham "jMahy 

* and others, -were ^itors to the Lord Treafuret 

* for the renewing^ their Leafe of <he fame Fami^ 

* and made Offer to give hk Majefty fb mncb 
*■ ye^ly Rent for the fame^ as (they-alledged) none- 

* other would give j whereupon the Lord Trea- 

* furer acquainted this Deponent therewithal, ami 
A dcfircd him, for the better Advancement of his 

* Majefty'j ilent and Service, to do his Endeavour 

* to procure fome fufficient Perfons to join with 

* him, to malce an Offer for the undertaking of the 

* fiudFiiim; and thereupon he, this Deponent,. 

* dealt vith divers Perfons of his Acqusintance, of 

* good Quality; for that Purpofe ; and he, toge- 

* Uicr with fome of them, as, nametr, Sir Phil^ 
*■ Corn, Mr. Aldermui Jahnfan, Mr. John EWu^^ 
f Wiiaimt Rrrrrs, £fq. and one Mr. Caaptr, for 

* tbetnfelres, and others who were' willing to jcnit 
f with thenk, did make an Offer of lOoo/. per 
' j/nnuM) more than was offered by the old Far* 

* men j which^ -v^hen they had N<ttice of, then, 

* and not before^ thejr ofFoced-iKai u much,. «r 


flf E N G L A N D. 245 

' That he, this Deponent, was afterwards toW,*^ »>;««» I. 

* that the King's Majefly had fignified his gracious ' "*■ 

* Pleafure, that the old Farmers fhould be prefcr- 

* red to the new, at thatimproved Offer they had 

* made, before any others ; and thereupon he^ thts^ 

* Deponent, did defire the- Lord Treafurer, that 

* forafmnch -ii die liid Offer, made by him and 

* his Friends, was the Caufe of that Improvement, 

* theref6re h^ Lordfhip would refcrve fooic Part- 

* of the Great Farm to gratify fucb of them with- 

* zl, as would be dcfirous to have any Part thire- 

* of; for their better Encouragement to do his 
' Majelly Senrice zTcerwards. 

* "That he hath heard if credibly affirmed, That 

* the fame Great Farm, at the firft Agreement for 

* the n&W'-taking thereof, was divided into 32 
' PartJT whereof fome of the old Farmers, and 
' their Partners, < had, or were to. have, fome of 
'- them more of the fame Parts than others, and, 

* fome Iflls, AnJ he, this Deponent faith^ That, 
' he hzvlng formerly moved the Lord Treafurer 

* to referve/ome Parts for his Friends, the rather, 
' to encourage them tojoin with him again in any 
*. the ]i)ce Service, the Lo^ Treafurer, at or about, 

* that Time, told this Deponent, That he had re-' 

* ferVe4' fix 32 Parts of the faid Farm to hedifpo- 

* fed among them as he, this Deponent, thought 

* good ; anti then he^ this Deponent, did make 
' fome of his Friends itcquainted therewith, name- 

* ly, Sir PbiSp Carey, Mr. Ferrtri, Mr, Casper, 

* and fome others ; who, at the firft, fcemcd wil- 
*•■ ling to undertake fome of the fame Paru j but, ■ 

* afterwards, perceiving that thereby they fhould 

* enter into great Bonds to the King for the Pay- 

* mentof the Rent, and undergo other great Ad-. 
' ventUtVS} and yet fhould have no' Hand in the 

' managifigof the Bufmefs, but that the old Far- ■ 
' tfio^ would retain the Execution thereof wholly 
' to riiemfeives, as formerly thcyhad done: there-, 

* fore tbole'his Friends, which at the firft feemed, 
'^willing, did return Thanks to this Deponent for 

* bit Kiiidn«ffi in that Behalf, and have 

Q.3 'any 

34^ *tbe<P^ttipematy HtiTftitr 

$f, ai jun> 1. * an; of the bxan Fatts, atallr: Whwcufwi thii 

»*»*^ ( Deponent did ihwily.' after wq^aiat the- leqid' 

f Treafurer with fuch^thcir Refufal, ai)(J,, giving' 

, *-hU I^rdlbip. like Thapjtt, did leav«rali theim4 

'f Parts' to the Lord 'Trcafurer again Wchii^tHK^' 

*'Fow%r» to be he though fit. 


G. Afowwii. 

iTie Examinatim of Gltoiies Lowl ^£ond(%> 
.^l^i:^raf, fafffT M^ 3y 1624. in hab V«rW.' ' 

* George- Lewf^ of. LtnJen^ M«K;h%8it». Vl3»dp- 

* Urous to have- it, Bart' i^ thaD Qrcat K^rpi* a«<I' 
' did move Sin J^hn J^CelJ^balmt., and Mf. Ufmj} 

*.&aw a Bart with ib«m,in the (aap Fi«wt Mir. 

* GqttK9VHiy ajjJVered, T^iat all tb^ Pa^ntynftftr 
< appointed and' dii^eA of ; but fj^ .Ti^Pfe tli^ 

' * I^rd: Treafurec bad i;e&rved tome ^Mitli' t» U^ 
, f own dirpofiog> ai^d-ttni, his. J^rdjjbip might it 

* me have apart, ifhfiioplca^. 


jiemkr-oh. •'- > E, XciMeu^ 

E.Sh^^ . . R*.Bri^ 

TJh Miefmhutima/ Richard Vbnk, ukm the yi 

, * I was twice ac thrice with Sic jfo^ ^^«m- 
*herm»,.()OX of the new- Patentefs^ tf intmat I 

* plight have % Partin^the Great Fann wiUkhbi; 
. '"and his Partijersi wuh, whona I hOp«i>/t«^u^ 

} 'prev»iled» becaifle I had ionoerly bcw» 9 Pw«o«r 

f wiih him in the Gfjeax Farm, and ^.tW(Tisoc> 

■{ .and ntm fJi(3> I »ffi. Partner wtffe. Aon i* thr 

; . ■■■-./: :f.P«T- 


5^' B Iff & -t A N to. -a^ 

*^iiEflaa.weleall.(^Ur.. tut^ afpotntcd me, ifli^ldtrnl *^ 

* to have aPait, I muft rcpair.untotkcLorcI 1jre»- 
^Antj. .«ti£clt aavedinglir I did; Et pJealed'hi* 
^^'Rttr »e» Xhat he vrcMJd do."hiS 
^bcift:tq hcJi> mc to a. Put, fm-. he. bad rdcnetl 
'rfeitaeJ^As. A&cfwudft upon faaiJicr Cooiidti- 
^ntina, iBoowiitg .tfa^ Msf kwC. ibd|v«itdren.Aatl 

* loft the one Half ci their Trade, and. tiu^ tbey 
'* imfKHStfld Uttlef^ff . b|tf. Spices for their Return, 

* my'felF being a poor Member of that Company, 
I * and that tj^e^ii'.acnic^ chief Hopes were ufton the 

* Ea^-India^Ti^; X ^^ attend upon niy. Lord 
' Trcafurer'^^dn, anJ prayed his Lordlbjp^ if if 
' might not be offenfivc, that if he intend<^ iat 
Ka^Sfipr* ^ swijWJbrfpw it elfswhere. 


^trnfmnit, M. Mtttlagu. 

■ ■''• - z^^f-H*^, 1I624. .; ■ ' 

^l^tibp had) np- Bart in the Great Fann; 

* but upon the Farmers talcing a new Leafe there- 

* of of his Majefly, tt^n the £x2miiiant-4i4 ^^ 

* neiVly defire the Lor4 Treafurer to have, a. Part 

* of the Great Farm, ^nd EmployiQciii; is^ ihf 

* -CuftomiHoufe. His Loidlhip proml fed this "Ex- 
•aniipanf^ thaj b? fhsuU- bwe one of, tjie; 3^ 
" Parts in iJjc QkoX. Farnj, and alfo Employment 

* in the Cuitom-Houfc. ThJs Examinant often 
^ a^^ia^ng hi^ liQid^b^ about a Iklqftth ^id; mow 

* i»f; af^ojypl^ iu3 pfiftrc, hk ^.ordfliip^tpld bin, 
^bff i^g^t^hMi^oiie of the 32 Part^, but na.Em- 

* plt^mfiiVs fflCtbe oldfaroiie/sh^dtqJdhisLoid'- 
'^ib^ Tiiaf they, would h»vc, no ncw.ll'lBix.ttt 
*'Cqgi$. in, ti) fee iniip th^r ol4 Accoimtt, as biv 

■•■■i-QBlibijjfa^; Wh^retipoft Ibis Exwaipuitai^ 
U.,4. *.fweije^ 


24^8 ^Tbl^aritametttary HisTdRV 

{I. ji jaiww r, * fner«d, He would haw no Part of the Farm with^ 
1^4- ' o'ut Employment ; aqd fo relinquiflied his "Loii- 
* ftkip of his Promife. . 

'■ T'heri he afterwards ^cqwuntsd Mr. Jbrabaih. 
f Jaiob, one of the Fanncoi, with the (aid 'BNqueft, 
■» to the Lord Treafurer, and-defircd his^ FUrthei'- 
^ ance therein ; .who replied. If my-Lofd Tt^^ 
^ furer have promifed you, you may truft oni IntK 

* til IK^rtn it. ' 


'■PunhroSe. ' ' * E. Mmtagn. ' ' ■' ," 
E. Shield, ■ Kb: BrtftnU^ 

G, Meneven. 

».,!.. ; . 

iThe Examination af Sir NiCHOtAS FortesCoe, 
'""Knight, taknvi^i ■^ofMxy., 1624. 

* The Lpfd Trtaftirer promifed I fliould' bafe 
f one of th? 32 Parts pf the Great Farm, whieb 

* I had entered into Bond for, as oth^m did* by his 

* Lordlhip's Appointment. The faid Part I ftilf 
J havefc.afld did eVfcr penceive he did apfwint i* foP ^ 

* me, according to liis.Lordfliip's Pfomife about the* 

* Time the Great Farm was fct. ' 

" "' ' ' NICH. FORTESCU^. ^ 

Pembraie, E. Montagu. ■ * 

E.Sbiffttld. ■■ . Re.BriJlo/l. 

G. Mentvm. 

,..Tl* Examination of ' Sir Philip Carey, Knig^x^ 
taken the id af y^xj, 1624. 

» • When the Farmers had made thtir Gontraa 
f* with the Lord Treafurer for the Great F«rm, \ 

* entreated his Lordfhip that I tni^t have Tome 

* Part in it, in rcfpefl I had beeh one of thofe whb 

* had bidden for that Farm, and been a Means to 
*■ raifc it for the King's Benefit. His Lordlhif* 

* then promifed me that I Ihould have one of tht 
i 3a Parts. Within few! Days after, meeting with 

-' * Mr. 


•/ENGLAND. ^49 

f iSc Airabain JacAj I tdd hlni dut I had beudi Aa> u Jum |« 
f that he, ajbd the left of the Faimera had conclu-r '^*^ 

* ded with my I*ord Treafiirer for the Great Fann, 
f wharenpon I had requcfted his Lordfhtp for a Part 
f in it, and he had proatifed to rcTeive one of die 31 

* Parts for me. Mr. Jaiab anfwered, I needed not to 

< have troubled my Lord for it, for thatlmight have 

< had fo much from the Fanners themfelrei, \il 

* had detired it of them. I faid. That was nit^re 
.< than I did know. But vrhcn I undetftood that X 

* muft enter into Bo^d of 1500/. to the Kingi 

* and that the Maturing of the Buiinel^ muft & 

* put into the Hands of a few Coaimittees, the 
f Fcft of ua litting for Cyphers ; and doubting (hat 

* die Benefit of ^ Bargain wquld not be worth 

* the undergoing thefe Inconveniences, I refolved ' 
^'with myfetf abfolutely to relinqi(ilh ; andintreat- 

f ed "Sir DtiMey Diggs to fignify fo much to the 
^ Farmers, tiwether with my Reafons for fo doing; 

* which, not Toag after, he told me he had done, 

* and thattheywer^coqtcntediaifdwould forbear it. 


faiArtke. E. MnUgK. 

•B. Sheffield, Ha, Bri/iill, 

G. Mtnevtn. 

7i* Examma'ttn «f Sir Richard Weston, Chmr 
aihr »f tbt Exchtfiur. 

* That I had two 31 Parts in the Qreat Farm, 
fand that, about March or April was Twelve^ 

* Months, I fold thefe two vi Parts to the Fat- 

* mers for 500 /. which the Deed and Bond be- 
{ tween th&Farn^rs and me will declare. 

* That about Midjutttmer lali, going with taj 

* Lord Treafurer in his Coach to Chelfia^ he told 
*'me, with fome Joy, That he had fold his four 
f 32 Part) to thf Fanners for jooo V. and that he 

^ .'had 

(..(Kittle ' 

i'^© theParSameaAa/y! Mr fcr o^K V 

a- 11 J^r"^ ^. f* batt made ^at B&rgun aftar ^ JUte- of auN^ 

* Thefe Ex^iiiations bieifig rtadj Ibfr. «7ffl( (ihe 
fejrrf Trt^fiiter's aBcretafj-, #bo a^fttd his LonK 
^ip !n i^rting his Papers) yA^»w fainifdf -bf 
Cotttmanfim.ei^ of the Lords.'' 

' Then the ,^ixl Tre*&rer made a brief R^c-- 

, fi}ipa, of his ProofiF of his tnterelt fn feme 31 Svrta 

of the Oreat FSlm } atMJ- took BxoeptioR againft 

tt>e Tdtimoiiy of Mraham.'yKth^ for it variad'iti 

Time" of Paytiiqnt.of his loOoV; f«pi» the. Tcftr- 

Wony of ^tmarit- B^it, Art* bi» LpnUiip af- 

Th« LonJTm-'finned, ?ji'^( /fc,500,l. was ri^pUud byhijf,t&fatd 

^^£^J^^^^ 'Abraham jicob dni tun mtre, m %Sif JUanitmef 

y^^ lhi,P4t^J^:pvi^i^ whertai be receiwd tie fame eiiif 

ffff iit Intefejf^ itt 'pur 32 Parti ef the Great Farm. 

' And as touching the antedated Lettef, and the 

antedated Ad^ijttance',"-his Lordfiiip faid, ^RiittSkf 

werejh dane, kjt Alrrahftm Jacob JbotiU- tBit luii-ft 

hit Tejiimony he loft. . ' . ' 

Vf Atttni«y'< » Unto which Mn Attorney replied, That it i> 

■^^■*t. fii^iently prgyed, that the (aid Trcafurer, neither 

\(r}ien he receive'd'^e i^ooo U aa^ long bcfeia, 

any Right to the ^td 3% Partg : Aftd thereupon he 

ftat^ the C^fe as before, and rehearfed the feven 

Reafons by hriq fotvierly alled^d, to pDovfttHat'the 

toi^d Treafurer hait waveil- His P^dpoHtidn. at hav*- 

ing the difpofing of any Part in tM Gceat Eantf t 

ASd-fiiither, h^direfted theCWk'oj.^eaithisEje- 

amiiution, t^keA hereV^v Parte Scm^'Sb^MO'^ ntA 

IPke, ^xqmnatm of Mf. Henry Gai^raway. 

vninivitiDM * Ta^t. he dorii abHohitely deny^ That tho I«pni 

t^VMntfoM, ^ Treafurcr, at that Time <^ his Demand of loool. 

* whfcA 

frnincii>w^r«bout the 'Kli4di»-of' J^ !>§« M-lna Mu~>a j^b»^ 
i^bcfi BicineiBbraDcm, bwl' an^ lM«reA or Rijrtit to' t"4> 
>aiiy Fdrtin tho Great Fftna^ botding tiis Lord- 
f-fln]> cKCmpted from, and the IVttnteoa inveftttf 
*. in, thofet P«te fo rdln^uKhtfti, when bU- Lord-' 
f Slip had If^td the Warrant to Mr. We/ti liw Mir 
^jcfty'sRsmpinbrancer, toa«cept<)f thcirSscaritTi 
•■ W dw faW /ftiwy Gavjrauwjr Gftrfcffeth, That-h^ 
Sdoth- wellr ramtmW, that M<i Tac^ did' inti- 
^ matC' uiKo hitrt, and to thS'reA-of; tbe-Ptatmtces,' 
^tbe Lord TfWufef'4- Demand of tpooV. under 
"Pretmoe of'four3Z-PaFte of'the Farm; but not* 
'*-in-tbat 96uuiv that-wc fliovld'byy them, or hV 
■ *- IcU them to-us y which Medort^ be alfo remem- 
*>bi«di.wdf, dl^ entert&ined vntli a great deahof 
frlddignation i wondering what tMsLcffdfiiipflioulif 
frmttd, to lay Glainvto thct be^d'bo Il^nmer ot 

• Right unto. But-whm this I>eponcRtan4 ;Patt->' 
*ijwrs &w a^d-pcroeived' b^ Mr. ?m'ai, that ttie 

* Lord Trcafurer was, bent, by all M«ans, to have' 
ribU Wd1t;.'«fte*'fonie fevc Says ^nOderatlon of 
f their Bufine& then depending with his Lordffi&tf' 
fi«tmel7, theiigning o^ the Warrant fdr the ^- 

• compcnce of the Daaiage fuftained by the Petty 
*-P»nn»^ and'-likewife t^ Wanant for perfe&JQg' 

• the Security for the Parts of the Great Fkrm^ re-' 

* linqulihed by Mr /VwV/p Cr«-^, andotliera; they 
■■rcfolved, having ^ Con font of the Partners in 
*\lliR.Pttt)'*'awB9, to give Liber^ W My. Jiali 

* to promifit- 4ris IiprdCbip looo-A wheivof 5bo/.' 
f-mts tobe'^^ b^ one Farm, and 500^. l^ the 
'other; blit ^wixhtiMt any Acknowlfcd^Kment of 
*Righ*. ^ . 

* Tbat^ft'. %c^lfadOrder from the Deponent, 
*3nd hi»PWtnW in the Great Firm; foi-yioV 

* and from Mk ^fde and Mrt -£>«awi), and other' 

• Ptwtners in, th# ratty Farms, -fiJrotlier 500/; td' 
*'be given to hiS' £k>r(lftip, as a' Oratuity to pi 'e fe r' 
'*-tfaeir Bufinefe; but not) for any InCereA to any' 
*-Parts irf the Great Farm, asheconceiveth. 

* That h© conceived it ta be trae, that >(n Jo^ ' 
' f foi- paid unto the Lord TreaAirer, in one entii* 



*5?t 72tf -Pd^iMw/rftwy Hi?;T(jity 

■• u JvM|,l>-* Aiy^^oCr 1000 /. 09 in the former Depaficioiu if 

*fH: * declared ^.and that the faid Payment, as he hatlr 

'.heard Mr. Jaab fay, was about the latter End of 

*\Jwuh6. That prefently after the Lord Trea-^ 

* furcj bad figsed the Warrant to Mr. Jaht Wtfti 
\ for tike accepting of their Security, .as afbfefud,' 
\ wfuch was in j^^, 1622, to this Deponent's belt 
i Remembrance, be ^is Deponent a&d his Part-' 
\ necs,. the Patentpe* in the Qreat Ffinni, gave Or-- 
*der*o draw up the Indentures fovthe Dtvifionof' 
fc,the whole 32 Parts ; which .-w^ c^ne long be-' 
^;£wc the Lord Treafurer made. any. Dcoiwid of 
*;fix Parts; for» ^4 this Deponent's beft'Rentem-' 
*bnuice, the Lord Treasurer di4 :not ki^c any 
^ pFioand till the Month of Jme,, j6a.j. And ar 
*[jto the Parts divided among the Patentees, thir 
'Deponent doth nuke Anfwer, that the Divifior 
l^n mads- was as, follows, vi%. 

-> To Sir Jthn, WolptJulmty five 32 Parts aniJ' 
*-;(bree Fourths., 

-, ? ,To Mr. . Jbrabam Jatob^ foiy. 33 Parts and 
'^thres Fourths, . * 

_ . *■ T« Mr. Merriu Mhtf four 3a Part« and 
*.lh^ee Fpurths. • 

^ . * To this Deponent five 32 Parts . and three; 

* Fourth^. ' 
. * Sut.^ the Tirae Mr. yiuehm^ifs the Propo-' 

*.fit|on on the Behalf of the Lonl Treafurer, thene' 
'~w3if rto' new Divifia.n ; for th^t the whole thir^ ' 

* two- Parts ymc 3II divided long before. 

* Tharche faid looo/. v/is givco by Con(eot* 
*^of ttiofp thiat had the Managing of ^e BuJinefs- 

* in both Farms, as is before declared ; and it was, ' 
■ after a CoH/i}ltation had among the. Partners of 

* both FainiS|ii§iid pot before i and. the Partners 

* that, were pfeff^tat thofe Confi^t^tions were, Sir 
'Jehn JVoyitubfllmt^ Mr. Abr«kam JmK Mr. 
^-Meraard Hy4*fM': Abraham Derwes^ Mr. JWit' 
^■Harrifony andthis Deponent, all Partners in the' 

* Petty Farms, and all, excepting Mr. Hydt, inter- ■ 
*sfted in tb« Gr^t Farmj but whether any 

- ' . ■ . '4)tlicr' 


»/ E NG L AND, xf) 

* other of the Partners were prefent, he rememben *^ ■! J-a«t 
!"not. rtN- 

' That the Patentees of the Great Farm did ne- 
' ver, to his Knowledge, demand of the Partners of 

* the Petty Farms any Sum of Money to be give^ 
' to the Lord Treafurcr : But the Partners in thj} 
*Petty Farm, without Motion from the Patentee* 

* of the Great Farm, (finding their Bufinefs for lacjc 

* of Recompence haid fo longftuck) did freelyj anp 

* of their own Accord, declare their Confent to gii^ 

* 500 /. as conceiving their Bufinefs would never 

* have an End, till the Lord Ttcafurer was-grati- 

* lied : .'And, on the other Side, the Patentees of the 
, • Great Farm, finding thcmfelves opprelTed witk 
' ' an unjuft Deinand, were willing to emertdn dieii 

* Offer to'cale thcmfelves of that Part of the 

* Burthen. 

* That hitherto the 5,00 /. charged in the Ac-. 

* count of the Petty Farms, as a Gratification to 

* the Lord Treafurer, is not yet pafied to the Ac- 

* count of the Great Farm ; but he a .knowiedgeth 
•.it to be true. That, at the Importunity of the 
^ Lord Treafurcr, made unto them in 'January or 
.* Fihruary laft, when he alledgcd thai it might 

* entrench upon him in point of his Honour, if it 

* were not taken off from that Account, and paid 

* unto the Partners of the Petty Farms, the Pa- 

* tentees not being willing to deny the Lortl Trea- 

* furcr of England for a Matter of 500/. did give 

* their Confcnt to take the Burthen upon them- 

* felves, in equal' Shares for this, vije. 125/. for 
' * every Patentee's fourth Part. . 

• That the four Patentees of the Great Farm 
' then (when Mr. Jacah had made the Propoficion 

* for 1000/. for the Lord Treafurcr) did agree 

■ * only to pay 500 /. and to accept of the Offer of 

* thePetty Farmers for the other 500/, which 500/. 
* * fo by them, the Patentees of die Great Fjutji, in 

* be given, they ever intended fiar a Gratification 
' for paffing of their Security 1 and the Warranty 

- 1 which did order Mr. PfilUams, their Trrafurer, 
J to repay the (aid 500/, to Mr. yaab, dorh make 

■ ■' i ' ' Mention 


aj4 7^ ParUamauary H-i»To;Rt 

>■ 11 jwKil' * Mention that it -«(» ^^r a GntificatiMj as ^r M 
*"♦• '* (aid Warrant it dofli ailid may appear; the laid 

* Sum of j6o/. Teauuning to ths EW* 'in the 

* fame Nature it was paid, without anj AKeiati9n^ 

* It is true, thit the four Patentees have ^qiialW- 

* divided amoiig them the Parts rdin({uiflied by Sir 

* Philip Carey, and thcreft ; for th^y are onW 
'' bound as Patentees to his Majefe, aad the reft 
■•but as Sureties j and if atlthereftof thePartncK 
^fbduld have rdinquiflied, they 'wcie bound t» 
'* take thi liutK upon' themTelves. 


E. Sh^ld. Xji. BrifitU. 

Q. MetuvtHt 

* The Examination af Sir Tm^ W^/Uttheki^ 
'Snight, was to the lame £fie£t/ 

^3-it EKttimuitim cf Abs-ahms Jacob, 'finliR eh 
Parte Donsinl Regis, April 17, 1624. 

* That the Lord Treafurer's Demand of die 

* four 32 Parts was after the Farmers had divided 

* the FroJits ther«of among themfeivcB, for one 

* Year, by Indetltares ; ana after the Lord Tre»- 

* furer had waved his Claim, and had given his 

* WarranttoMr./^f/9 for the whole 32 Parts, C9'<. 
*i«/<<»tf<;i7, (P. 040.) 

*'And,-as touching the Lord TTcafnrer'sExcep- 
j^on to the Teftimonics of Abrabmn 7«*i, ^ 
that it varied in Time from Bernard HyJ*^ Mr. 
• Attorney fhewed, that Ahrab^m Jacob depofeth* 
That he -paid the Money to the Lord Treofiirer-oe 
the 27th of Jum, 1623, by Diredion from eke 
Farmers, and BtrnardHyde fwears. That the M«- 
iiey was delivered to ^01:0^ die 31ft of j'k^, 16^3 1 
which was by way of Allowance bade agK>iii ^i^ 
. . •») Contfadi^Uon hctwc^ ihe«.* 


tf E^<51. A N a «^ 

'* nctMn fhl-LoFd TrtaftiRT protdtcdt 7%M, at As. ikJudc*]^ 
fuflkaitw^r it at the fearful D.ay pf fudgmttlX, '**•• 
■Ar rkeived that ibool. fir no tlhtr -CM/tdtrMim 
HKnfir kii Shaft in thtfiur ja- ParU. 

* Andastouchti^thc'tiiirdCort'uption, byway 
of a New-YeaHs Gift, he faid. That nothing be- The UjA rm, 
-kngs to the Lord 2V^a*w-'j Place hut 201. PW^^J^J^J^^l^^ 
Dicni, the SaUof the Pieces when they fall, and the r^"**"^ 
NeW-iYear'i 6ifi ; and denitd, liat he ttrgtd thru 
V a»f ctrtiifi Sum, 

AUv^eh, ^ ^id, ht Would humblj Itavi <f 
^krir^Lord/bips hmewatle Cat^deratian ; and, witb- 
tlf requeued their Lcrdjhipt to forbear his further 
Atttridance hen till Monday ^exty 'becgufe he ha^ 
fftnt his Spiritt fo far, that hit Cat^e might etherr 
•viftfitffer thremgiBis H^eahtefs. And fo withdretf 

* Tllle Lonis.gMtfd Ms R^ueli, and com- 
manded the GenUeman -U&er to figilify fo mucli 
to his Lordfliip ; ^d further ordered, that he fliould 
attend their Lortfoiip^here'rfgain on Monday, next, 
at flight JR the Monfing, atthe B^.' 

* Ail Order was fcwd tj- the Glerk, accwd- 
-^ly, and 'ftnt to the'Lord Tieafuror. 

-May%. Tbis D^y the Lords received flDtli ths 
Commons, by Sa Edward Coic, Knt.'and'oebersa 
«ight Bills, along with this Meflage, ' That the —^ -^ 
£ommMi$ do humbly deCre to knowj ' what Time dcGn ■ con^ 
'tfieir LordflUps wiUpIei^e \0 appoint for a-Gonfo* ""kch 1 fiiU. 
-.rehee.toochiflg the Bill on Monop^ies. '1^'^."°'"^ 

' They do alfo'deiire a Comerence touching ' 
■feoA Accdattoo ag^njlt'the Lord Biihop of Nor- 
*mA,^iinto which bia Lordflup has not yet been 
4e]trdi h'<Ambly leaving the Time and t^law to (bcir 
. AtipoiiKitoeAt. 

* l\itd tbiy do' carfleftly fecoounend ' tQ their 
-ZH>rdAiit>« Cw^deratioA, that general 'Pcace-:mak^ 
^^'EtiglaiHti ttie Bi}l of CcMic^mcnts.' 

A^va^. * Tfef JlfOfda ha?e appointed a Cohfer- 
rence fonciAriijig.' Mompolies tbi« ititeFnoon> aT 

... ' , * They 


256 77k ParJtamekaiy History 

Am. « Ji«*I. « They have not yet refolved of a Time for the 
* *** Conference touching Accu&tiooE againft the Lorfl 
Bifliop of Naruiicb ; for that divers of the Lords 
are, now abfent : Buti as loon as they cui conveni- 
ently appoinra Time for the lame, their Lordihips 
will fend to then by Meflengers of their own. 
' * As touching die Bill of Concealments, their 

' Lordlhips have taken the lame into their isrttNa 

Confidcration ; and it is only deferred for that all 
the King's Council, who are appointed to attend 
the' lame, are, at this Time, otherwife employed; 
But their Lordfbipe do promife all poffible Expedi- 
tion therein.' 

May 10. The Lfird Keeper put the Houfe in 
mind of the Bufmefs concemine the Lord Trea- 
furer, to be proceeded in this Momine- And his 
Lordlhip being brought to the Bar, Mr. Seneant 
Crew opened the Charge againft him oh the Leafe 
of Sugartj in this Manner : 

Quarto Decembris, /fitno 18 Jacobi. 
fntttiSatu- T^HE Kingleafcth to Georgf Htrriet the Tm- 
IMaft [be Lord X poU on Sugars, to hold from Chriftmas fol- 
TWnrerc^ '"» lowing, for three Years, at the Rate of 5666/. 
iMfe or («»■ ,~ j_ ^^_ p^ Jnmm, payable at Midfummtr and 

Duedteimo Januarii, Anne 19 Jacobi. 
* The Lord Treafurer procures George Hrrritt 
to tiuTender that Leafe ; and, the next Days takes 
a Leafe thereof from the King, unto NtcbtUt 
Harmon and'Thamas Catchmayy (two of his Lord^ 
fliips Servants) unto his own Ufe, at 2000/. Rent 
per Anrmm, and lets die fame unto the FarmerB at 
6000 1, per Annum : And, to eSeSt this Surrender, 
idves Order, in aTime of Scarcityx)f Money, for the 
Payment of 14,865 /. due unto the laid Htrrttt 
I . for Jewels, which was paid, between the isth (^ 

December^ 1621, and the loth of yonuarj f^low- 
ing, in this Manner, viz. 7000 /. odd Money, out 
of the Arrears of the laid Gttrgt fitrr'ut't BJents, 

I v4 


. ^ E M L A N b. ' ±sji 

"taaA 7060/. odd Monftjr, out of the Tobateo Farna-, Ai. i« jmtti 
^r wwr of Anticipation/ *'*4' 

t The Crime objdAed againft the Lord TrtiaCu- 
. irer herein is this : Had l^rrisft Leafe continued* 
'HerriBt't Debt h«d been paid out of bi^ Rent ; ii\A 
tbe laid Trcafurer has not only caufed the laid 
Lcafe to be furrendered, and procured a new Leafe 
IJKEQofunto his Servants, to his own Ufe, at a far 
lefsRent; but hath laid 7000/. ofthat Debt upon 
the Fantl of Tobacco : And tliia he hath done iif 
a Time of Scarcity of Money, eVen then When he 
caufed the ImpotcioRs to be laid on the Wines for 
a Supply for the Palatinate : And further, he hattl 
|jaid die finaller Rent of zooo/. per Annum, very 
4pwly unto the King ; an Arrcar of 3000 /. thcre^ 
of being paid lic^e the 3 til of Deetmbtr laft, after 
the Summons of thisPariiament.' 

* And whereae, for the Advancement of Trade, 
die Merchants, upon Ae Exportation of their Met'- 
thandizes, are tepaid their Cuftomt which they 
ioaaialf paid upon the Importation : This is de> 
nied upon the E^Kportation of Sugars, to the Da-' 
toa^ of Ae Meechanti, and for the Z«ord Treafu-* 
ttn pnvaM Gain.' 

* Then the Clerk read the Proofs, w/z. 

tbt Ctrfificati efSir R o B E ft T P Y E and Sir 
Edward Wardooa, 

Mr. Herriott*s Dtht dm to him for Jewehy and In -_,;g_^ ^ 
tohet Manner he wai fold the famey Between De- ^I^^Sm 
cemberi62i, «/«/ January /fl//jM;/V^, viz. thcmpoo. 

* December 17, 1621, there was"j I, s. d, 

* allowed (by Order from the I 

* LordTreafurer,ZJ«nnA<r-i5,l 

* 1621) unto Mr. Herrlot fori 792 13 6 
, . * Jewels fold to the late Queen I 

* Anniy in part of Payment of 1 

' 3584/' idi-iod. the Sum of J ' 

Vdl. VI. R Br9U£hi 




Ithe ParUamentary History 

/. 1 

Braught over 79a I 

* More allowed unto him by like' 

• Order from the Lord Trea- 

• fiirer, Decemier 17, in full 

* Payment of the faid Sum of 

* 3584'. if>'- lOd. 

3584 16 10 I 

' 11,180 3 2 

* yanuary 10, l6ai, more al-") 

* lowed iinto Mr. Herritty by 

* fcvcral Orders from the Lord 

* Treafurcr, for Jcwds, Wf, 

* by him, at fundry Times, 

* delivered, and now paid for, 

* between the fsdd i Jth of • 
' Dectmbtr^ 1621, and the lOth [ 

* of yanuarj following, over | 
' and befides the Sums above I 
' mentioned -J 

• The Sum Total of all the Mo- ■» 

^neyallowedbytbcLordTrea* > 14,865 
* furer, unto Mr. HerrUt, ts J 

Tht Manner hovo thtfe Maniet were allowed aruipaid 
unto Mr. Herriot, was asfoUowttb: 

• Decemier I5, 1621, there was-i 
I ' >i Tally ftruck, at the Receipt I 

? of the Exchequer, upon the/ 

* Farm of the Impoft of Su-y 2133 10 fr 
< eats, being the Remainder in 1 

* Mr. Herriot'i Hands upon his 1 

* Account for J 

* There was likewifc another Tal- 
" , "^' ly ftruck upon the Sugars, for 

* a whole Year's Rent due at 

* Cbriflmas, 1621, then next 

* fblloViingT ■by Mr. Herriot . 

* foe J 

5666 13 4. 



^ i ^gLasH D; 


7064 16 2 

, -■: ..... .- ^rvghtvoer ,, ., 

*yanuflry:iOy 1621^ there wert*] 

^ likewUe ^ko other Tallies 

< more itruclc upon JftHiam 

f on the TqImkxo Farm newly ] 

• * lett, to d^ein by liCtters Pa- I 

* Ktit dMai pec. 21, itiifhy | 

* wajr, of Anticipation^ for the 

* Sum of , . 

14,865 o o 

Thit being eUarfJ, the new Grant 0/ Sugars began 

the ef January, l6il, asfiUowetb : 

^ Jamiafy i^t l6lli the Ixate <^\ 
'Sugars was graiiteduntOjW- 

* cMhi Harmah., aftd Thanias 

■' * CatS^i by Indenture, da- ' • 

f ted Jah: 23, iSli, Anni tg. . - 

* %(.' bUi they paid not their ■ iobo o ' tJ 
' firft Half-Yedr's Rerif imlil 

' ^Jati: ij,' 1&22J which was 

* tJieh paid --'fdr the Half- 

* YcSr ended at AfiJ/ummer, 

■ » r6a4, J 

*Paid by th^iri fot the Half-1 

' Year's Rent due ztCbriflmas, > 1000 6 i 

* if)7.ii \ , * 
^ More paid hy Aeni ^ laine 1 

* Day far the Half-Year*-s Rent > lOOO h 

* at Midfummer, 1623, J 

* Alfo paid by them for the Half-1 

* Year's Rent, diie at Chriftmis > tdOO >0 6 
'laft, 1623J J-^-^ ^ ^ 

4000 O d 

G.CaM. ■ ■ Tht. Cfti. i^ LUa, 

'R ManJeviiU. A. &ah. tf Wells, 

Hi StuthaiMtmi H. Dahvfrt: 

3 10 '**^ 


26o ■ ^ ParHamttMry History 

' »6»*- The Exmnitiaiiim «f Sir JowK WoisTESHolMe, 
Knight, Abraham Jacob, «w/ 'Hcnk V Oak -' 
HAW AY, tain the zytb ef Apn], i'624. 

Thtfaid Examwants fay, * ThSt' they and Mr, 

* Mirria Abhoi, .and Mr. Dowts, aW Farmers to 

* the Lord Tre^urer of dw Firm of Sugars, at 
' * die Rent of 6doo /. per Anmtm, And fay. There 

* is not any Allowancs made to die Merchant^ 

* upon the Exportation of Sugars, of die Impbft 

* which the Merchant paid upon the Importation 
^ * of -the fame, according as in the Cafe of other 

* Merchandize. And 'thgy fay. That paying f» 

* great a Rent, they may not allow the ImpoS to 
^ < the Merchant, loucte they havaithnr Rest ahatcdy 

* or that his Majefly will bear the Burdien. and 

* Charge of that AUowancs. Andfay^ That they 

* hare moved the Lord Treafurer, that an AUow- 
, * ance be made to tb« Merchant feu- the Advance- 

* mentjbf Trade ; and his Lordilup.taok the fame 

* into CbnjideratioH, hut hath not given Dire^on 

* therein. And further fay. That fuch as ftrmcd 

* the Sugars before thefe Examinants, did jiot give 
< that Allowance i and therefore thefe Examinants, 
' following the fame Courfes, did not yidd any 
' Allowance, more dian had been before tbeu; 

* Time. 


G. Cant. ~ ' ■ U. Mar^mtle. 

The. Cm, ii Uuh. Ar^w Sath, t^ l^ilk. 

S', UCmtVMrtb. T. HaiMrd. 

di- Vanvtrs, S, Spencer. 

* The Exaaunatian of.Gearge Straud, Gewgt 
Kendal, and .Ahrahgm Dawes, to prove the fame, 
touching the Ihipoft not paid, were to the fefflft 
EfiiMa is die above.' " 


tf ENGLAND. 261 

« As totWsl^art oftlie Charge the Lord Trea- AJi.Mj«nnl. 
furer confeffed,- That the Leafi to Htrriot was « tHu "*^ 
Rfnt tf $(>b6/. t^i. 41/. md the Lea/i to bit otun 
XJJi, [upan thi Surrender) at 2000/. Rmt ; and that TV L<«^ Tiw- 
be bath let the fame at booo I. pet; Aiuium ; and af- '^'"''' '^***^ 
firmed, Ibat his Mt^ejly mat firft acquainted with 
ifi and well allawed thernf. 

* Hereupon the Lord Keeper fignified to the 
Houle, that ttie King had commanded him to tell 
their Lordfhips, That his Majefly undeiftood that 
the Lord Treafurer fhould gain by his Leafe 40D0/. 
fier jintium. — So there was no further Proceeding 
la that P«nt of the Charge. 

* The Lord Treafurer alfo confefled. That be 
fO!^ Hcniot 14,000/. odd Money i but aifitmed, 

. That it was a jujt Debt, and that Herriot had a 
Pmier to piri bimfiift by a Privj-Sealy out of his 

* His Lordlbip denied, TTtat he paid foool. of 
that JDeit evt ff^bt 7»haca Parm, fy tony af Anti- 

■ tif>eaim; imdfaidhe miy transferred it from the Su- 
■gart la the Tei/uco, and ji^ified the- Jam* } far 

■ that the Sin^S Mteiang was. That be fliould have 
4000/. per Annum out of the Impofi for Sugars^ 
prefttitly afop bis Surrender of the fVardrohe : And 

the Kiryi left not by it-, for he^ the Lord Treafiirer, had, . ' 
for the Dtjhirfements 0/ the ff^ardrabe, 20,000/. per 
AnKwm, tabicb be bath now fettled at i6,0Qo/. 
per AtUium, and yet the Kin^s State therein main- 
tained, and a Noble Gentleman rewarded. 

* Touching the flow Payment of his Rent, he 
denied it not ; but faid, He had difburfed as rrmcb, 
tr morej before-hand for the K\i^ in other Matters. 

* As touching the Jmpoft not returned ui>an the 
Exportation of Sugars, his Lordfliip denied. Thai 
it was over dtmanded of him ; vid affirmed. That 
if it be dite, then the farmers art tied by his Leafe to 
them to repay it ; but if they be not fo tied, that then 
bf wiUpay it all, both far the Time paft and to emti. 
And thus ended the Qiarge for the Sugars. 



86? ??tf ParJlamenfary H i s t o r v 

AO.MJMPMI. G R t» C E R y. 

Tfc -Oum u * Then Mr. Seljeanf Crew opened the Qkaga 
I u Gnc^in. ' 9gain& the Lord Treafurer, touching his Lordfhip'f 

" Warnmts Jp levy Ppmpodtions for Purveyance o^' 

Grocery in the Out-Ports, ^fter this Manner, viz, 
, .' Th^t the City pf Lindon did compound wit^ 
^ King for Grocery: But the Out-Ports refufed. 
cfpccially Brt/ioly and yielded to Purycyance in 
Kind ; and that Briflol had an Order for this iij 
the Exchequer, in the Time of Rabert Earl of £177 
lijiiay, late Lord Treafurer ; Yet, notwithHand- 
ii^ this, the Loix) Treafurer dire£ted his Warrant) 
to levy this Compolltion \ and, although it was n<^ 
due to the King, nor any fuch Compofition enter- 
ed into the Compting-Houfe, his Lordfhip com- 
manded their Goods, then Iti ^e Porta, to be flay- 
ed, and not entered, till it was paid^ or Bonds given 
for it i apd [hj^reby conftrained foi^ie Por^ to pay 
' it, and the Mercnants of BriJIol^ who dcnjea it, 

to attend his Loidihip t^n Weeks together, to b£ 
difcharged i ai^d yet ^opds were cxaAed froni 
the Merchaif ts of ^rtjfol for the Payment thereof, 
after the Lord Treafur^ was acquainted with die 
faid Older in tl)e Ifxchequer, even tjll the Sum- 
mons of . Parliament ; ' for which Mr. Eeijeant 
Crevj charged the Lord Treafurer with Oppreffion 
and Extortion, contrary to his Loidfhip's Oath^ 
7a da Right to the Poor and Rich in fuch Things as 
concern his Office. ' ' ' " 

* Then Ui« Glerlc read the Prooft, wfe. 

Sra* BMamnaisan »f John Qvy and Joi^N Bac- 
ker, iaien the ii^ ef April, ihz^. 

The faid Exmusanls fay, ' That ip the Time 
f of the Lord Treafurer Sctlifiury, a Reference was 
; * made by his Lordlhip to the Lord Chief Baron, 

^ and Baron Snigg, touching a Compofition thei^ 
f demanded of the Merchants of Brtfiei, for PuT; 
i yeyance for Wines and Grocery i and, upon de-r 
■■ f liberate 

5f E N G L A N D. 163 ] 

* liberate Hearing, the Officers of the Hodhold *fc«* fi'w.t 

* being prefent, it was then refolved, That they '^' 
' ' fhould not be prelTed to thofe C.oaipofitions, but 

* fhould fubmtt to Purveyance when his Majefty 

* or the Queen came within twenty Miles of that 

* pity ; and accordingly, at Queen Jrme's being 

* at the Bathf they did fu . nit to Purveyance, to the 

* Charge of 800/. yet, in Nflunnitr was Twelve- 

* Months, upon 3 Warrant from the Lord Tret- 

* furer, they were prefled to pay Compolition foe 

* Grocery, after the Rate as was paid at Landan i 

* and were forced to enter Bonds for Payment or 

* difcharging by a Day : That hereupon this Cxa- 

* minant, John Guy, attended the Lord Tieafurer 

* to be freed, .and ihewed him the Proceeding* 

* before mentioned ; but could get no other R.e- 

* lief but a Letter, of which he now delivered st 

* Co[^ to the Lords Committees, which Copy this 

* Examinant had from his LordOiip's Secretary; 

* ever fince which Time the Officers have preyed 
" die Merchants to enter Bonds, tiil about the 
"* Banning of the Parliament : But, iincc t)iat- 

* Time, the OiEcers have accepted the Merchant) 
' Words. And faith. That the Copy of the Lord 

* Treafurer's Warrant, of Letter, dated the 2orh 
■* oi Novembtrf 1622, is a true Copy of the Letter 

* which came to the Port of Briflnly and is now in 

* the Hands of the Lord's Committee* ; and fmce 

* that, they have attended t«n Weclts at one Tim^ • 

* and have had Agents for the City of Brifls! three 

* Times, and have fpenc above tool, in Charges*, 
' to be eafcd of this Burthen. And they furlhir 
' Jay, They never paid any Compofition for Winss 

* or Groceries, until the Lord Treafurer's War- , 

* rant. 


Jf. Mandtville, Tbta. Howard. 

"Jf. Siutbamflon. 



S^ TbeParUaHeiOapy HiS,torv 

A*. u>«fiT'7%« Infenrnttion af John CftAPPSiL. taim ii^ 
»•*♦• 0-«i/A(29*A«jf ApriJ, 1624. 

- * That in the Cuftom-Hoiifc of the Port of 

* Exeter^ there hath been collefted, for the Com- 

* pofition Money of Grocery, of a^id from every 

* Merchant which hath made any Entry in the faid 

* Cuftom-Houfe, fmce'thc x+th of Navet^ter^ 

* l622» by Warrant under the Hand and Seal of 

* the Lord High Treafufer of England^ of the 
< Goods following, thefe feveral Rates, 

* Pepper, Cloves, Mace, Nutmegs, Cinamon, 

' ' the C. Wt. xvilj d 

» Ginger the C. — xij d, 

f Raii^s of the Sun, the C. ^ lijd. 

* Prunes, the Tun ' — ■ ■ xvi d. 

* Sugar, in Loaves ■ . '■ vid. 

* Almonds, theC. vid, 

V Currants, the Tuq ■■ ' i -— ^s, 

^ Oil, the Pipe — i - ■ iij s, 

* Coarfe Sugar, tiie C, *- " iij d- 

* Figs, the Barrel ''— id. 

* Figs, the Piece .— — __, iiji*^' 

* Figs, the Tapnet —— ^ ob, 

* Raifins, MahgOy the Piece — id. ob. 

* Dates, the C, viij d. 

« Rice, the C. iiij A. ob. 

'* Sugars, Powders, Whites and Mufcavadoes xxd. 

* Olives, the Tun ■■■ iiij d. 

* Cajlile^ Venice^ and other Kinds of Cake Soap* 

* theC. ■ vid.. 

■* Annifeeds, theC. — ■ ijd. 

* Sugar refined, theC. — — — vijjdJ 
^ Liquorice, theC. ijd." 

* TTie Merchants Entries in the Cullom Houf^ 
' for any of thefc Goods, could not be allowed he- 
' fore they had compounded with the Affigns of 

' * Mr. Abraham JiKab^ to pay the faid Compofttion 

* Money, fpecificd in thefe feveral Rates. 

H' MendeviUf. Rt, Sfencer, 

H. Seuthamplm. 

S Then 



' The* were read, t»ieL*)rd Treiftftt's general **-^l[r*'' 
W»rrtnt» to Jiraham ^nrtS, to Icry the faM 
Cotupofition, and not to fnffer any Goddi to b« 
IfUided, £^(. mLendan, and the Out -Ports, until the 
^\i CompDfition be feft iv\y fittisiied, and paid as 
hath been accuftomcd :' 

' The Copy of the Lord Treafurer's Letter to 
the Cuftonrcrs of Brijel, recitin? a Compofition 
for Gfecetj, imd that herewfore divers Letters and 
WarrMits have been fent to Brifiel, and all other 
■prMtJ, for the CoUeflion thereof by the late Lord 
TfeatuKr Drrjiti and tommandmg that no Goods 
He ^ennitted to be landed, i^e. untU theftidCom- 
-^fidwi hi paid, and to be aiding ft>r the due CoU 
kAi^ thereof, according to the faid LeUer, dated 
'At iwth of Nnmnier, 1622 :' 

* Tfce Copy of the Treaflirei's Letter to the 
Cufl^ners of Sriftol, dated Fthruary 24th, 1622. 
WiiCTelfi hn Lordlhip takes Notice of an Agree- 
ment rti*de between, the fate Lord Treafurer BiifiA " 
Parj and them of Brijhl, touching the CoTnpou- 
lion filr Spices; and requires the Officers to accept 
of t&e Merchants Bonds, with Sureties for the Pay- 
meM thereof, until he had fully confidered of the 
^d Agreement :' Alfo, 

* The Relation of Thmas Griar upon Oath, 
That this Compolition is demanded and paid in 
W^maath, and'«ieir Goods not fuffefcd to be land- 
ed nntil it be paid :' And 

* The Lord Treafurer's Warrant to Pwfr, for 
iftc Col]e£tiofl <^ the faid Ctjmpofition, dated the 
Zifthofj^rf, 1622.' 

The Lord Treafurer anfvrered , Thai htre'm Tb. Lord Tiw 
ht aid iut his Duty; and that if he had neglet!ed '^'^^^ 
it, ht had net dme his Duty : That he reared no- 
thing to he dine, ty At> Warrants, bat -what was 
0C<t^omed in ^leen Eltzabetil's Time, and in aS the 
KMg't Ttme : Thttt his Warrants viere accardrng to 
the ufual Form, md genervi ie aii the Ports, nat 
knowing that Briftol was -exempted by the Order in 
the Lard Treafurer Salifbury's Time, uritil after- 
if(W(g[( : That vihtn h haw «fity he yielded to their 

2^ the ParUammtary History 

m. M Jmn !• R^qutji, and Guy vrnd awof vjtU fatifjud with 
>#»*• his Anfwtr : And that ntnt bad Benefit by the Com- 
fofittent tut the King only. 

* TheCleik read the Examinations taken on hla 
jLordflup's Behalf, viz. 

Tht Exanfinatien of Sir Simon Harvey. 
f That Compofition for Greciry was ufually 
f colle^wi in all (he Oitt-Ports (lave Exeter and 
. • Briftcl) in the Lord of Dtrfefs Time s and that 

* himfelf received the lame for four or five Years ; 

* and that they were but for petty ThiogE, for the 

* moA part Things brought in by way of Roprifal, 
« in the Time of Queen Elizaieth. ThU Mr. 

' • * yacei was appointed to levy the £uae fot thp 

* King. That the Citi;i«n« of J?r^/ did acquaint 

* the Lord Treafurcr with the Qrder to exsnpt 
, * them from Compdition, and the Lord Treafurcr 

* lent this Exami^iant to treat with them to yiel^ 

* to Compolitioiu which they denied : Whereupofi 

* the Lord ^reafui:er anfwered. Let them Jfand to 

* ih* Earl *f Salilbury's Order ; other Difcharge he 

* gave thrai ooQC : f^n^ this Examinant thougt^t 
' they went away well latisiied, for they hurd 

* what the L<*d Treafurcr faid.' 

The Exitmwfiim ^f1^Vi'» C;>4B^Ef 

• That Mr. "Jexab was appointed to levy the &nie 

* Compofition, by Warrant fronri ^e Lord Trear 
' furer } the Ground whereof was, .became die re- 

* ceiving thereof was taken away from Themas B^^ 

* ret, the King's Grocer, who had giyen 1200/. 

* And that thofe Duties had been duly levied in 
' fomeofthcOut-Ports, but£;irrt«-andirj/?*/ftood 

* out ;' he hath not known any of thofe Duties t»- 

* ken lince the Queen was at the Bath ; and that 

* there is a Table in the Cuftom-Houfe pf .4^u^» 

* to fbew the Compofition for Lendtn.' 

* Mr. Serjeant Crew replied. That there is no 
Table in the Cuflcnn-HouJe, to ibew any Connto- 

I fitioq 


. ^ENGLAND. 167 

jSdtm for the Out-Pom ; uu! cauied die Gerk to A*-** Jum^ 

^lead die Examioation of Jthn Giif, on the Part of ***** 

dte Lord Treafurer, taken Aiof ift, 16241 which 

agree3> in effcA^ widi his former Exai^ination^ 

tuen for the Kii^ ; and that after he, and others 

jof ErifiiL had long petitioned the I/ord Treafiuo- 

to have tneir jBond cancelled and delivered, viHifii 

they had ent^vd for the Payment of the iaid Cwn- 

policion, ^ey could not obtun any thing, lave 

lomz good Etepes and fair Words from Sir Sinun 

Harvty; and that dieir Bonds are yet detained.' 

The Lprd Treafurer affirmed to the I^rdg, That 
bimfelf katw tbi^Qai^afitfn tt bt faiJ by the Out- 
PeriSf and tbtti Ini Warrant mat anlj to Uvy the 
faitUj gfftrmirly it had htm paid ; and premifid 
■fa find BTOKCa ^ttft ^ finu Netts aut of tht 
Cempting-Hau/iy t» prove the fapntntj thereof here- 
fefore by the Out-BarU. Then the Lord Treafurer 
fvas withdrawn. 

* Oidorcd to be here ^a^n « the Bar at Two 
this Afternoon} and agreed to have a Stool whilfl 
^hc Chai^ is in giving.' 

Pefi JHeridieni, ' The Lord Treafurer being 

- fcrot^ht to the Bar (in maimer as before, and a 

iStool fct for his Z.ordmip, ) He informed the Houfe, 

■That, (accerdiHg ta hii Promifi this Manungy) Bar* 

St it ame with Actovnt tauhtng the Grocery paid at 
riftol ; and it was agreed that they fltauU he brought 
to theKin^s Caundl, to be perufid.' 

* Mr, Attorney General proceeded to the Charge 
concerning the 0^« of the Ordnanee, and the un- 
lavjful Bargain fir Sir Roger Dallifon's Lands, in 
this Manner, vix. 

* ThatanotherChargewheteoftheLordTreafu- The Cbif«e •• 
rer is accufed, is concerning the O^ce of Ordnance, ^j^*^ ^ 
and the unlawful Bargain for Dallifon's Lands ; R,^er Dallifo*'* 
in which will appear that the Lord Treafurer, for l-"^ 

his own private Benefit, contrived and profecuted 
divers unlawful Bargains ; and in the mean Time 
ne^efied wholly that which concerned the Public, 
which was the iumiihifig the Office of Ordnance' 

a68 Tbe^ParliimentaTy Hi»toky 

^ sa J*«Kil. with Empobns and Stores, for the' Sa£^r <4 t^K ' 
'. *' King and his Kingdoms. 

* Concerning the Bargains, it, {bnds prfwd. 
That Sir RagerDalUfMy being Lieatenam of tbc 
Ordnance, became indebted to tbe King in 9962^ 
/or Monies impreiTed for that Office, but not ra- 
.jployed : And that Sir Roger Dallifim and Sir 31^- 

mat Mounfia w»re indebted to tbe King by £oiid» 
to the Valiie of 3100A which Bonds were forfeit- 
ed for not bringing ccitain Stores to that Office ; 
both which Debts amounted to i^o&2. and tfac 
Lands of Paliifin were extended for 9962/. and 
•he Lands of Maunfin for 3100/. And that ^k^ 
20, 18 "fac. the King affigned tJicfc Extents to 
Francis Morrict, Cleik «f the Ordnance, and Others 
in Truft for the Officers and Credittws of diat Of- 
fice, towards Satisfe£Bon of fo much of thdr 

* The Lord Treafiirer, being a Commiflioncr (or 
his Majefty*? Debts, July 28th, 1611, 19 JtaS 
'baVfained for thofe Extents ; and by tirc Articles 
umtf bis Hand screed to^e for thnn 1062/, in 
Hand, and 12,000/. tnore by 1000/. per An- 
Kumt for twelve Years, beanning at X^a^Daj^ 
16231 and alfo to do his bndeavov to prociue 
Payment of an Arrear of Soooi. more, due to thtt 
Office frQin his Majefty : But, bcfc«e this Bargai;i 
was performed, at Asid^ttimas foltowLng, be be- 
cajne Lord TrcafoFer; and when they expe&fid 
Payment of the io62/> and Security for Uk teA, 
he propou;jided that, in lieu ai the j2,pop/. t» be 
fecured, they fbould have his Part in the Fame «f 
the Petty CuAoms for i^nc Years, valued to be 
worth 1000/. per Jnmim, for the two firft Yean, 
and afterwards 1400^. ptr Jnmtx, which, sceor- 
dins to diat Rate, would ^ield in niAe Yean, 
11,800/. but coi^ bis Lordlbip only 3750/. 

\ * Me being thep Loid Tre^urer, on wh^ they 

mufl: depend both for the Payment of the Atrean, 

- and for future FavowE, they accepted it i oat mcan- 

,ing to I0& their 1062^ payable Js Handj but it - 

4 \ ■ was, 


/, ENGL AND. 269 

imx then sgain direaiy amed tfcey flnuU ba t)»i **• •^^T*' 
their Soocri. Amarout of Iris M^efty's C(^r».' • *** 

^ In JUriury>i6a.i, Affmrancu were prepared, 
and the Creditors required to feal, being protniM 
ta have xtitho- Scaling ikarSbooL Aman, and 
o^oflii^' their 1061/. from tbs Lonl Tie^krer,' 
wbffreofthe^aevcrcoticdvoiiaDovbei bat (ofooit' 
xs they had fedei, the^ ' were fent avray withouti 
any Mtmc)^ beiagproiaiftd to tecdtre tbdr 8oooJ^ ' 
whin thne ar-EoiB- Ihiyi ftAef, wtofa wa> Mt 
pcFfbnnfcthiD&ftdit n Time; butwai^ after, fiaii 
in A«cR 'fervial Paymeats out of kii Majefiy'tf 
Money : Bat the ie^^ wUcU wu in have cotne 
ftnasiuitai'df was afafol iltdy- denied, ttie Lord Tri»<' 
finer dSnain^ that as tvra diat fini. as thc'otbeC 
i2^ool wasallconcliided-and recotnpenM bytlw 
IntGR^irthE Petty Farms ; who-aupoti a Mew Dtf" 
brandegrava^nftthemi Bst in the end they wet* 
erifbrced^ m l«u ofdiatirtx/. to accopt of a fiM^ 
thnJbeereft, whidi his LordDrip had in the Petty 
Vxma^ fot an Hal^year aftn* the tune Yean were 
«^aMv eibetncd worth not jiwve 400/, to be 
fold: And it -wtat then fuFCfaer agreed, that ht«. 
Lordftip &o«Ur dian pay th«n'tmt of the King's 
Money 4o*a/. due to the Ofice over and befklm 
die ionner Sooo/. of which 4000/. his Lor^ip 
hMb Jincecaufed to bejnd vio^i.*' 

* ■ But whereas die Petty Cnftomt w«rc rtluei 
lo tiiem tbAe worth for the fipft two Years 1000/. 
far Jm m iii, it appeareth that, m th« two tiiH 
Vearsi, It yielded ttinn but 1419/. lyi. 7/ being 
dl the ftionef thy grewdne to iheni out of the 
Peoiitsiof thofe Farms at Mtkaelmtit laifl ; vAKitna 
iff-Ao^ had kept their Entents of Dallifii^s -an4 
iUbniaiWj Lands, they Ihould have receiv^ by Lij- 
J^OayMfk aknoft 7000/. for Part of theh- Debt.* 

' In Which Bargain, (beTidcstheOppreffions-flnd 
Extremities 'put on the poor Creditors and Officers 
ef the Old nance, that might HI undergo a Bargain 
•f fo much I^fadvantftge and t^ofs,) are obferved. 
. two CotfuptionB ; the one, in bargaining to pay 
the 8ooe /. ArMore, for though that was agreed be-* 
- fore 


a. M )aiii»,I. fbre he V/ia Laid Tmilmtt^ jtt he t}ia) was. tnJ[flod| 

*"*• as a Conunii&oner for tfacKiivg's Debts ; anif ,' Bcinj^ 

after Lord Treafurerf perfoMied ditt Corrupt Agrn- 

ineiiit made before.' .. , ,, ■ ^ 

* TbcodKrGorri/ption'wtis; in agrteii^to pay 
- liie other 4CX0/J for as it is a Corruption in a Trea« 

furer t6 pay the Rih'gVdue Debt for Money given; 
unto himfelf J fo it is to pay the King's Debt, fat 
■ gaining to himrdf a Bargain by whrcb he eidicr. 
bad or did expeA Advantage \ and dmug^ d)eL<nd 
Treafurer, in his Anfwer; doth |ret«Bd. he is * 
Lofer by DaBfitCi Lands, it is certain that what- 
foevcr his Gain or Lo&t- prove upon itx. other Bar- 
gains fo^ the Inheritance of the Lands, this Batgvir 
with the Officers; taken by ilfclf alone, was bSie-' 
ficial ; and if it were not,- it is all one i Foi if a 
Judge, or Treafurer, bargain for a BrSicj thuu^ 
he never receive' it^ he Is : corrupt ; for it ikilb not 
what be had, but what he aimed at and expededi* 

* About die fame Timd that the Lord Treifurw 
bargained for the Extent aforementioned^. u'z, zff 
?*$> 19 foe, he coBtia&ed with iw Thtmat Miaif* 
fen, for the Inheritance of the fame Lands.-' 

' Ft>r_SirJ?9^rt-2)fl//^, after he became Lieo-' 
tenant, of the Ordnance, conveyed the tnheritanoe 
of hisL^ds to fecure Sir 7%)miii Maunfm of diverr 
great Debts and'£ng;q;ethent3 ; fo as the Inheritance 
of tbofe Lands, aner die King's Extent, was in 
die Difpofe^Sir Thames Maunfon-, who bargained 
for it with the now Lord Treafurer ; and upon thaC 
, Bargain, the Lord Treafurer agreed to ftee Sir Tha^ 
mas Mounfon's own Lands- of the 3100/. Debt, to 
pay in 30O0/. in Moriey, and to procure the 
making of h<&i fix Baronets and fome other At Suit 
, from the King; and when'the Baronets could riot 

be obi2in»!d,,th*f Number being full then, the Lord 
Treafurer procured him another Suit of 2000^ Va- 
lue, as his Lordlhip efteemed it, vix. For. com- 
pounding with the King's Copyhc^dcrs of Wait- 
fitld, to reduce their Fines to Certainty, ita which 
Suit the Lord Treafftrer was a Referee from the 
King; and], for.AccomptUbment of diis Bargains 


■<f ENGLAND. tfjt 

made' for his own private Gva\, he gave way to t^& JioMl. 
that Suit wheicby fo much was to be talocn for his *^4- 
Maiefty : Yet there refted another Bargain to be 
made, for Sir thomas Ddllfitti the Son and Heir of 
Sir Rager DalHfm, pretended Title to thofe Larids" 
by an old Entail } uid the Lady Dallifin, Widow 
(^ Sir Reger DaUifin, claimed to have the third as 
her Dower ; and uia Lord Trcafurer having entred 
into Treaty with them, and finding their Demand 
not fuitable to his Defires, he, tO make thsm the 
more compliant, threatens them, by his Extent, tO' 
keep them without any thing for an hundred Years y 
to Jay upon Sir ^bamai. Daliifm certain fbrfeitsd 
Bonds, which, upon the Agreement with the Offi- 
cers of the Ordnance, Were transferred to him ; 
and he fends for Sir yohn ff^oi/ienha/me, whofe Soa 
had married Sir .^%a>nas DaU'ifan't Sifter, and re- 
bukes him as an Hinderer of his Lordlhip's Pro- 
eeedings vrith DaUifin : And by tliefe and oAer like 
Means, for anAnnuity of 200/. per Amum, pro- 
cures a Relcafe of tlteir Title ; an^d whereas Ss 
■Rsger Hailifan^ being potTefled of a Leafe of groat 
V^ue, had affigned riie .£une to Sir fehn Davis^ 
(at Security of Monoy owing to him and Sir ^'> 
eiford Stnithf :whroh Leafe, for Non-payment, had 
brien- long forfeited, and the Pofleffion gotten by 
Sir yabn Davit upon a Trial and Recovery at 
Common Law, which Pofleflion bad continued 
divers Years ; the Lord Treafurer, by this Agree- 
mentwith Sir 7%)fRiu.Z>i>i/i/Qit and his Mother, by 
way of unlawful Muntenance and Champarty, 
bought tlieir Titje to this Leafe ; and having hedged 
in thofe Lands and the Title to this L^fe, ex- 
changed ^le fame with Sir Arthur Ingram for othw 
Lands ; and then to gain the Pofle^on of thofe 
Irfeafe-Lands from Sir f^a Daois and Sir RUbard 
Smithy and to make good this Exchange, an <Ai 
• ' Oudawry againlt Sir Rager DaUifm, before the Af- 
£gDment made by Hm to Sir 70&i Davisy ts fought 
but,- the Debt beiiig many Years paft fatisSed ; by 
(»lour of which Outlawry and the^Power and 
CaHntenance of the Lord Treafurer, this I^eafe was 

,L.( Kittle 

fli7* The WgrUefthtt^^Hi s ? o ft Y 

*^*^- amT ^ yii^ Davii thnift Mtt of Polsfilant. 
i«henu|MiQ th^ endeavoMred i». revatdi tb« Oat-* 
Imny oi ik CtmunoQ Pleu, and die batcr to'ofif' 
fcCt it, tliitT procttied aa Axbnuuflration of tbtf 
> Gauds of Sir S^er DMlHfin to bs uk«n by on*' 

/ Camh^ a. Cro^tor of Sir £^e/(j to th* iattnt thn 

ftfd AdaMni fl t a t oT sMght foe ta rareriQ tJm Ont- 
lavny ; bat the Lord ToeajQwer to prcvcitt thtnk 
tfaereio^ kucrpofotk M tbe Kii^'a N»ne> tad ' in 
Im Mt^ofty's Bflhftlf, fo rcvdn tbat AdntiaiAni* 
tJQB ; ead tbs better to .oHinMDUicc tine Bt^msA* 
fi«dsaCa& so ^e King^ Ataotney: cmnuidcd npo* 
•Aitr N&tttrs, wttboot meniiotufl^ tbe On^ynyt 
vbich was rile chief Thing JA.qudtion; ami hnr". 
iBg obtained his Opiniof) in tint Cafe, faoia a Wao< 
Koit to the King's Advooate, to proceed in iImXc^' 
«lefiafl>oai Court as for the King i aad in a Mattee 
anuch ieuching tke King, to prooud ftr RsreiAl 
oi the Adnuniftrai^on ; and in Ae end, J)^ fais 
Ueaoa, tbe A^tnifti^tion wis fevtdeed ; and sf* 
lerunrds, the Mactcr coining ik qnettioit in tbe 
Comtaon Picas, Aetc aUb be interpofad tuiafeif f 
and fisDt to the Judges of diat Court, wherdnr Sot 
Riehard &mth and Sir ^oi^ Duvis mm at laft aw 
fiircBdtoacceptofaCoaipofitiqa: 3Ami, illTIKtl^ 
this Matter na ways concemod tha I^it^, &r dus 
Leafe whg iMver exttimied fcr Dallijifis IJttbtt and 
befeFc Ihe Lord Treafarer Hdaqiefed in the Ecdo* 
faftical Couix, he had caufeda Petkioai to be mack 
in the Name of Sir T&wndi' DtMlfaa and bis Mother 
CO the King ; and a R«ftrence tberoupou to hint* 
felf tor this Leofe, aoKing other Thinga j it beiag 
&cietly agEced between him aiid H^ijm, tbtt tiw 
whole £ene& of this Leafe, when his Maic^ 
ibould be pica&d to pels it, &auU be at d>e £lifr 
pofe of the Lord Treatf'iiter.' 

* And whereas the Ltnd Treafoter would excufl! 
thofe Prooecdii^s, at bdng after he had tramfrned 
all'to ^TiA'thmrlt^aM : It is evident that the (^anl 
TFcafurer thus tntapobd;. which muft b^eiilKS' 
for bii own Benefit, to fusion hit osm Bwgriri, 


tf ENGLAND. '473 

tot ittetrly by way of Maintehaiicc j and, cilhef *"j «» J«">«« *• 
Way, his Doings arc moft unwamRtablct to ufc '"•" 
fadx Rieour in the King's Nune^ either for hitn- 
fclf Of Sir Artkar Ingram' 

* Mr, Attorney having th«9;(^ened the fomrer 
Part of thrs Charge, die Clerk, by his Dircdions, 
(■ead the Proofs, lAx. 

< The Copy of that Agreement, made the l8th .j^ f^^^ 
of Ta//, 1621, between the Lord CranfitU and die thereof. 
Officers of the Ordnance, delivered upon Oath by 
Ffanth Msrrhe, the 3d of Affil, 1624 ; whereby — 

.the Lord Treafurcr doth promife and agree with the 
Officers of the Ordnance, fo fmn as he may Con- 
veniently, to do his bcft Endeavour to procure from > 
his Majefty a certain Affignment and Order for the 
Payment of the Sum of 8000/. unto the X,ieutenant 
of the Ordnancre, or his Deputy, to the Ufc of the 
XfS.^ Officers, before the laft Day of November next, 
"towards the Payment of fuch Sums as^are due, over 
atad' above the Sum of 13,062/, for Payment 
whereof the faid Officers have the Leafes of the 
I^ands of Sir Roger DoUifan and Sir TIhuuis Msun- 

Nele, That this Agreement alfo pPovea ri* Baiv 
gain made by the faid Lord CroM/f/i^ with the 
"Officers of the Ordnance, for the faid Leafos 
of the Extents, in Manner as it is cited by Mr. 
' And the Examination of Frarilis Morria^ 
Clerk of the Ordnance, taken the faid third Day 
of Aprii^ which affirms the faid Bargain made by 
the feid Lord Cranfitid; and that the faid Lont 
t>tfB;fe/rf becoming Treafurer, the Paymoit on his 
Part did not-proceed; but his Lordflrip,. upon a. 
mew Agreement, didaffign to the faid Officers cer- 
tain Leafes, which were far over-valued unto. them 
ly his Lordfhipi and that his Lndfbip did nor . 
procure the faid Affignment of 8000/. according 
to his Agreanent, but hath fince given Salisfeaioii 
of ^ fiiid 8000/. -and mofti in fSv^al Payments 
«ut of his Majeily's Keceipt.' 

Vol. VI. S * And 


rSf4 ^ '^af^aOemiff ^listonY 

•^.»* immti. » Artd thfH wae reaJ the Di^Gtiot) ■of.i'TK^ 

• ■''*»4' TtfhS C«rtw«Hg a brief delation of the Lord Twa*- 

AirerV P^aliflgs wiifa certain Peiitiojiers to tus Ma- 

jefty, for Debts owing to him in the Office oifOf^- 

nance j whereby it is alfo proved. That the faid 

Tfe^uffir ,4'as then ^ Cominiilioiier fbr'the JCipg's 

, Pel!6> Vl<i did wiih the Xai^ Qfiicera to accwf ^f' 

the faid Leafes of Sir Roger pallifia's and Sir j^fta- 

^- „ . .■«» Mvn^tl^^ Lands, ts"*. and ftts out the whole 

9f(K»liiO^-ofiiiel'trd1''f^{u^i:r therein al Urg^. 

Aa4 <^e, ^».muMion of ycie f^eidier^,^ ^"'^'f^fePC 

'^ &id -./VpWiItit* ma'fle, by, the "Lord Cranfiefi^, 

i^d ^ Pfoipiie ^ procure the laid ^ao/. £ji|£^' . 

The Lort Tru- * AfidiBOce Prooft offering ^ai»e read, thefc^ 

In^'t AnTwci. -Tfta'ftiJW Ji*i^, /( is ,trHe that hf, beijig a Corvmif- 

JitMrfur iit Ktftg'' i^kt*i '-did ^tidvi^ the faid Oj^jeeis 

• lfi/M Ordnmst **. act^ -^ a te^e iff the Landt-^ 

■Sir iRogor f^aUifQn attd-Sir Ttiomas Mounron, tx- 

Imded/trtbt King for i^jctil. m. . , :.; . 

(^ Sir Roger Dallifok's Lands, txtendtd ,fyr 

996»/. md of Sir ThoBias,M9uafon's L^ndtfa^ 

31Q0/. tad •ibty did atc^ nf tbeftt far^mmep^j/ 

I 33,061/. due to them if the ^i«g, vjitb aCefii<^ap 

to rtfert t» the King., if they were iaterrupte3~m.S* 


jM that if did tban finit that ^trt vtat d»e 'tent* 
Uufaid OgktTS., by tin £ii^, abtut 20,000/. ■ 

That ^ find Lfmdi tf Sir Thomas MavnCoa 
tuere worth 1600/. per Annum, and tutre tfrtended 
ixt at 200/^ per Angam, £ir Thomas Mounfon 
ht^rtg t» have had the Bemft thtrtaf far hix^eif^ 
^ iflat, bf Sir E(htar4 Coiie's kide, it vjaipaMivg- 

tatht CntHtsri. That Sir Thomas Moyiifoa^ft* 
fgtititmd tbt Sng^ and hit Miqejiy referred Sir *p»q- 
ituas MoudbD te the Lord freftdaa aid him.; ^tTufi 
■thtj treated iuith the O0{ert> who anfwered^ Ithtf. 
rthey relied en Sir TbonuK Mounlbn's Land^, faf 
that Sir RogKDTdlifon'a-Londt vart fa muth u^ 
mmiered, that they would yield little; yet the. Eic 
-ehefuer CZamhtr wtuUhaiu rtiifved Sir Thon^aa 
Moaafotij if if h«l ^ tbl Dtbt ftr T/^iiik the 

5 . i^^ 


imu rdirttd'** ^ K.h^ jw RetUltptnie : jind tb«t '"^ 

if kit tor^ip ^Mud 1j» that Ctivtiwit, by hit Art'- 

^otc. Viid} tlx /aid Qfiarf, ft U te^s bm^ui to ' 

■Ih Mijtfy. And his Prolni/t 19 ih C^atri t» btip 

tim It ibtir 8000A Jrftttr^ Mttg a ji^ l^eMt 

•Siui hffart ht tvut Tre»furtr', ^dthat it is Heattmt-' 

Gixsk te. hirnt hewilis Jhouidit pr^uHiUd to tie 

* lotiin-Mr.A«nni^ieplied(.aflJiiSnn(i! tbeUr.AttHiirrM' 
Buooins to be unlawful ai Won* and Ait tboK ?"",^£l°'"* 
«w not 8000A Airear dile by tlta Ktng befcn his ^'^''•^ ' 
'fcor<tfiywaaT»eafu)jat;- and than pwcwJedtttflte 

rekAiw <^ t^ <'f^c Pioc^. 

* lo prove uiit, about TVi^ i62l«'his XjOrd-^ 
Aip ccntraaod tvkh'Sir 7&«w Mbtt^tn iM fafB 
Lands for 3000 /. which was paid hifit, fer tbe n»- 
Lai£ of lix Siffontts, and a Suit tO' tfaeKfhg ;. tnd. 
In lieu of the BarOHctii a Suit touahitw the 0«pi|[- 
>alikts df Wakt^^ valtiea ^<^ Ms XatdOup at 

SoooA were read, 

I. * The IlxainiRatioa of Sk Tbtmai Mtumfmt 
taken the 5th of ^/f»4 i624'' ' ■' 

a. * Tfa« Sx&minatieit of Sir Jrtbur it^aitii 
token the kftih of Aprih 1624-' 

* For the soooiL and that he flgnified unto Sir 
Uioimn Mttet^iu, that the Lord Tnartuicr wetdd 
4mdcrtaka to pr^ctue him the Making of {ix3aia' 
Jwts) for that thb Lord Traafi^rar bad told bin^ 
he found the King inclinable to do Sir Tktmax 

■ 3. * The Copy of Sir Themat Mi«nf»t{s Peti^on 
W the King, for reducing the Fines «f the Copy-> 
iHiUers c^ W'akcfieid to a Certain^, in lidu of fonw 
Baronets formeilr granted bim ; and the Watrant 
thereupon, figoea by ths Lord Treafuici and Sir 
Htm^ry Maj^ (to \uiiom it wa»relerrcd) delivered 
upu^ the Quh <tf Mr. hriwfitr^ the'i6th ofAfrilj 
1624, was alfo read.' 

« Aad the Etamination of Sir Hrnifhrf May., 

Knight, CHancellqr of the Duchy .of Lamajitr; 

. ' S is t^en. 


■^^6 *{h€ Tarlimeiaary fl t B T tf r r 

rlU. IS jwm'I.' taken the ^.th* of A/ay, 1624., eSe Parte thmm 

***** ^ifaurarii. That he was prefent *hcn Sir Arthur 

Ingram did^ mi the Lord Treafurer's Bphalf, bar- 

fJnwith SiiThamai Afaimfin for his Lands; whidi 
argain was. That the Lord Treafurer Djould give 
Sir Thtmas Meunfm 3000/. fhould procure him 
the tnakina of fix Baronets, and fiiould extend 
DaUifotfs\j3ai» unto him at taool, per Annum i 
and afterwards, the Baronets being otherwife dilpo- 
- ' ftd of b^ the King, Sir Thomas Meunfin petitioned 

' -tfie King toiiching the Copyholders of Waktfitld'- 

* Unto which the Lord TrcafUrer anfwCTe^, 
That he never fremifid the MaUng of the Bareneii, 
mr autherizei Sir Arthur Ingram tt preptund it.' 

* Then was read, to prove the Lord Treafurer 
ptcfled Sir Thamai Dallifin to part with his Eftate 
at Undervalue : 

1. * The BxuTtination of -Sir Thomas DalUfon, 
Bart, taken "the 6th of v^nV, 1624. 

%. ' The Examination' of the faid Sir7^ff»i~ 
Dallifin, taken the 12th of ^r</, 1624.' 

3. * The Examination of Sir John Weijitnhidm, 
taken the i6thof ^jftriV, 1624..' i 

* And to prove that the Lord Treafurer, having 
made thefe Compofitions, fets on foot ah t^d Out- 
lawry of Sir Roger Dallifin, long fmce iatisfied, 
tiiereby to wreft' a Leafc of great Vatue from Sir 
Rithard Smith and Sir John Davit, interpofing the 
.Power of his Place, and the Countenance of thfe 
ICing'fi Service, to c^prefs thein for his own private 
Ends, thefe Examinations were read, viz. 

1. '. The Examination of Sir Thomas Dallifin.' 

2. ' The Examination of Sir Arthur Ingram, 
<x Parte Domini T/iefaurarii, taken the 7th- of May, 

1624,- to the 7th Interrogatory.' 

3. * The Examination of Sir Ritbard Smith, ta- 
ken the i6th of ^;iW/, 1624/ 

. 4, * The Examination of Raherl Eafion, takeA 
the 27th ofv^^r//, 1624.' 

5. * The Cafe brought to Mr. Attorney, by 
Mr- Moik, with his Dire^ion.' 



- §/* E N G L ATST D. 2^7- 

.Meiturandum, That, in th'at Cafe, no Mention *"»■■ »» J*i»w U 
'a made of any Outlawry ; but that the King '***" 
was unfatisfied o( DaUifon's Charge. 
.6. * The Lord Treafiirer'a Letter to Di-. ^;*/;, ■ 
the King's Advocate, to revoke the Letters of - ■ 

Adminiftration of DalUfon's Goods. 

' Thefc being read, the Lord Treafurer again 
aftrmed, That his Burgim with the Offiters af the ■ ■ ■ ' 
Ordxatict ivas beneficial for the King, for it gained 
in his Majeftfs Covenant ^ Rifort from the Offt- 
cirs. And laid further, That ii was net prejudicial 
to the Officers ; for if his fecond Bargain be nat as 
benefiaal tt tbem as the firfl /hould have been, be it « 
maie it goad. 

jfndlhat Sir Thomas Dallifon, and hit La^M^- 
ther htrue Relief thereby, and himfelf a great Lifer, it 
lef/t 4000/.' having taken up l6,ooo/. far it, for' 
which he pays Intereft at this Day. " 

And bia Lordfhip denied. That he drrw ihi Cafe, The Lori Tret- 
delivered to Mr. Attorney, tf aching the Jdminijira- ^'^'' "^■"^ 
tioH of Dallifon's Goods ; and faid, He deferved ta '^* 
hi hanged that drew it. And, having fpoken as 
much as he could, the Clerk read the Heads of the 
E^saitiinations tak<n <»i his Part ; and Mr. Attor- 
ney confeflTed them, and avoided them all ; where- 
with his Lordibip icemed to left fatisfied, for he 
did, not require any thing elfe to be read : But faid 
further, That he had paid Arrears to the Officers of 
t^t Navy, as well as thcfe of the Ordnance ; which 
Jhewi he did gel fiay them by way of a Bargain 
ealy. And then &ying, He would add no mere, hp 
was withdrawn,' 

' Then it was agreed that Mr. Attorney fliould 
b^jin To-morrow, where he now left, with the 
r^ of the Charge ; and that the Lord Treafurer 
be warned to appear here again at the Bat To* 
QtorrQw Morning at Nine of the Cloclt.* 

5 J Mof 

jU:>i>>[DuT; ' Mof II. A Petition (tf* tht Lord TreafiiriH' wM 
''*♦■ read, m Arff r*rAfe; 

TiQ (be Mod Hontmr^k Afl^mblr of the hoiia. 
Spiritual and TeiBporaf, in dte High Houle c^ 
Parliameiit af^mblbd, 

(bA, I'? 'A«/e ^antj of my Cet/Je imich are aireaOf apentd^ 

I em new mofi htiniblj la hefetsh par Pardkn of mitu 
Jf^eranti btfire ycur Lsr^pi thh Day-; finMng. 
mfilf f* Jijitmfered' in my Ba^ and wf Spiriu fa 
'weakened and fpent, as, out of Necefftty, mfircm, 
n^ ta bt an humble PttititAei' unit yeur htrdjhififor 
thi littli Rgfpiu of. Ttmt \ my End and Dtjifs hert- 
■ in- being tt tpabie myfilf ta obey all y«ur^Cemmen4t^ 
and (^ h'ajien the End of this Gaafi ofrntnt;, tohtre- 

, ' «^/ douit not but yeur- Jterd/hip!^ in a true andm-, 

• ^ ill Senfe af my Caafiy will hsfieurably fen/Siir ac- 


A Comnirtwe of * The- Houfe hating confidered of this Fte^timti 
l*rti jppoiaiea appointed the Earl of 5fflB/A<7»ij>/«9, the Earl of fi^^^' 
W nCt lum. jjj^ B*ftop of Coventry and Litchfield^ the Ei&op of 
Sangor, Lord Grcmwell, Lord Say- and Seele, ta 
go prefcntly to the Lord Treafurer's Hoirfe, and to 
take a Phyfician with tljem ; and to Ggni^ to hit 
Lordfliip the Difpleafure of the Houfe, tor that he 
hsth iirfl>tafcen-Leave of himfelf to be abfent, am} 
now craves Pardon for it; whereas )hb Lordflnpi- 
ought firft to have craved Leave te bo abfant. And 
;iMb tofignify unto hi»L<HdOiip, (uhtefs they fii^' 
' fee Caufe to the contrary by rea&>n of his Sicknefs)' 

that the Pleafnre of th&Hoafe is. That his Lord- 
ihip appear ' h^re thi* AfUniooB, at Two of the 
<Dlock; and that if his Lordfhip fliall fail to come 
accordingly, that the Houfe will proceed, as well 
touching fuch Parts of his Charge as are already 
»pcned, »s for the reft of bis Charge alfo.' 

■;,,■. ■■ . . . r ,- ■ ■ » Thefe 


of E N (5 L A N D, ^27$ 

■ " • ThercLordsbdngrctttmedfromC*r^tf,whercA^«»J*"^^ 

tfjcLofd Treafurer then lay, the EaH ofSeatbamp- ****• 

tek reported; That they delivered the (aid Meflage 

Unto his Lordfliif), whom they fpnad in his Bea, 

tiut not ftcic, for oaght their Lord&ips or the Phyr 

ftdan could perceive ; neither did his LordQiip 

pretend any Sicknefs. And their Lordlhtps having 

deUyeted their Meffage unto him, he ex^iriW hS 

piit atking of Leave nrft to he ahfeht ;" for tb^t & 

iirf «o/ ff^armng t» be heri thit Morning uMfl af' 

Iff lit Hattfe wai rifen the hft. Nigk; andfime th 

^leajiirt »f (A* Hottp ii fiuk, bt tviO attend iha 

■Jfitrttmn^ if hi ieari •««, fiji fimt Mtjfage fi-o^ 

Weir Lerd^ips, that duy mBhtfUafid h refiht inm 

jili Te-merraw Mortiirfg. 

• And the Earl of E_p» made' this ftirthw Rfl- 

fift, vix. Havmg_rfus Day delivered to the Lord 
ceafurer the Menage yte were ccunmanded by tht 
Houfe, his Lordfbip (bcfidcs the Anfwer that haA 
been returned to the floaft) did let fidl tiiefe Speeches 
in Subftance; For a Man te he thiaMhwed, Mpm- to whom he 
fttg and Afiemxtty flanding eight }^iir) at the Bar, J^'*'""^'*' 
tlSjinu efAe Ltras might fit him rtaifta fall davm; ^^' 
tOiB Lmoyert agaiaji him, and no Jl^an efiii Part,, 
Viasfucb Prae'eedingi as never were heard af; and he 
ifiev/ n>t what it meant, for it wat uncbriJitan-Uie 
and vjitboui Example j and defired they would dt^ 
with him at be would deal viUh one of (hent ; fir it 
wot his Cafe To-day, and might be thetrs Tt-morretp, 
Thb Aniwer was figned by thefe Lords, viz, 

fi. SstabamfOm, Lewis Bangrr, 

Re. E&r. Tir, CremmU. 

flio. Gov. bf Litch. fir. Sof fa Stale. 

* iV }^tri£em. The Lord T»afurer bciii{ 
biDUgfat to tbs Bar (at before) the Cfet^ read diit 

part of the Char^ agtjnfi iiU I^MtUhip that con- ^ 

cvmed the 

M U N J T I Q N S. 

t Tl}e |Lord Keeper moved that Mr, Attorney Th«cbii«i«»» 
4Q(t?ephin)ftlf tQtbat Churee,' '«w. 



.zZo Ih- ParUamentary H hs t o r v 

^t *2 Jine^l. * Mr. Attorney proceeded in this Mannep, fli's. 
***♦■ . • AsintheBargunfiandProcecdmgs (whichwere 
opened Ycfterdaj^) the Lord Trcalurer was over ' 
Ufiuch attentive to his own private Profit^ fo in the 
Supply ofthc Office of Ordnance (a Matter of high 
Importanqe for the Safety of the King and his 
.Kingdoms^ and in a Time when all Chriftendsnt 
befidcs ourfelveg was in a Contbuftion,) he was 
wholly renufa ; For whereas, by a Privy-Seal in 
6 yac. there was a ptivate Eftabliflimcnt of 6eoo4> 
per Amtunit for the Office of Ordnance^ which be- 
ing put out of Order in the Time of Sir Roger 
D<diifin, about i% fac. the Lords, of (he Council, 
in November 1617, upo? Reference from the King, 
iet down a Propcwtion of Supply, amounting tQ 

f 4,078/. 8j. id. and the ftanding Allowance of 
000/. per Annum tQ contioue. A,aA after in Fe~ 

, kruary 1619, there being a Commiffion a,warded to 
jthe of the Navy, t6 furvey the Of- 
^ce of -Ordnance, the faid CommiffionerS (th« 

. L/ord Treafurer him£elf heing ^ ch^f Man among 
them) fet down 9 Proportion oi Supply amounting 
to hut 13,640/. 14.X. id^ and a yearly Allowance 
of 3000/. retrenching it to ti^t Rate from 6000/. 
and did fet down a Courts that thie being obferved, 
a needlef? Charge of about ig,ooo/. per Anntm 
.fliould be cut off, and this was allowed both by the 
X'OtAs and by the King himfelf.' 

* The Earl of Middle/ex becoming Treafurer 
about Michaelmas 1621, and having continued in' 
that Office about two Years and a Half, did obferve 
none of thefe Eftahliihments j' whereby the Office 
is at this prefent both unrepaired and unfupplyed, 
and the Kingdom if Ireland defiitute of any con,- 
fideiable Quantity of Arms and Munition : For it 
;^ppears by the Records of the King's Receipt, 
That all the Monies which the Lord Treafurer in 
'Jiis Time ilTued for a Supply of the Ordinary 6f 
the Office of Ordnance, was but 13,034/. ^c Ilrf. 
of which 8000 £ and odd Pounds was for old Ar^ 
r?ars, 3300/. more grew due of latter Time, , but 
were piiid, not out of Puty, or Care of the Pulj- 
■ - ■ lii. 


./ E N.G LAND., sSj 

, lie, but by Bargain and Contrail : And moft of *■' ai J«inei * 
thefe Monies iflued (belides oW Arrears) were for *••♦• 
Wages and Allowances of Officers, and little or 
nothing for Stores and Provifiona. For upon the 
.Quarter-Books paid by his Lordfbip, beginning ac 
the Quarter-Book ended uiiimt Junii 1620, unto 
the Quarter-Book ended ultimo Decemhris 162a, 
therer bdng' about 5500/. paid, 4600/. and odd 
thereof went to the Officers, but the Stores und 
Prpvilipns amounted to but 900/. and odd Pounds: 
A weak Supply in fo lonj Time. 

* And whereas in ^pril 1621, a-Contrmfl was ' ' 

made with Mr. Eveh/n^ for ferving his Majefly with 
80 Lafts of Powder yearly, hy monthly Proportion, 
Bt "jd. the Pound, which Proportion being kept 
would have yielded a plentiful Supply into die Of> 
fice of Ordnance, and the Overplus might have been 
Ibid at id. the Pound profit to his Majefty. The 
Lord Treafurer (though hcwas continually follicited 
.'by Evelyn) did not make the Payment, which 
m6utd have &een made upon that ContraA ^ where- 
by Evtiyn, according to the Liberty that was alt- 
lowed by his CoatnEt^ fold his Powder to otbeis'; 
jiid, Jn thirty-five Months after that Contra^, Terv- 
-ed into the Stores but fifteen Month's Proportion^ 
and upon Breach of this Contract did enfuc thefe 
IiKonveniences, vix. 

' That the Stores which, for the Service of g^ 
tiis Majefty's Kisgdomsj might have hid in Rea- 
^.dinels 266 Lafts of Powder, and 60 Lafts of Salti- 
Petre, which would have really made 80 Lafts ^ 
Powder more, (in all ^346 Lafts) arc greatly iiK 
jured by this Ncglcft : For, upon a late Survey, 
there were in all but 130 Lafts in the Stores, and 
yet Inland wholly disfurniflicd : And beJides^ hb 
Majefty, by Sale of the Overplus of the Powder 
alone (above the Proportion thought fit to be kept 
■hj the Coimniffioners of the Navy) might. have 
gained 31/. in every Pound, which would have »- 
-mounted to 4050/> and above, all which his Ma- 
jefty loft by this Default of iJie Lord Tre^urej. 
And whereas hii L<K<dfliip cxo^feth the^ -Things, 
4 :: . ' . fcy 

r._ :- (..(Kittle 

'px Parliamentary HisjoSr 

" I* by pTsCtnce of SalUtr't CbatpbinU^ it x^fesKtk 
' that tfac^c Complaints grew by Occafion of ^Wi^'f 
fiittliDg of Powder to otbcrsi not to the King | 
vhich had- never been it! he had had due Foment : 
And the Lord Treafurer was warned, both by thf 
Xrocd Crew tmd I^ th« Conuniffioners c^ the t^a." 
yji- ta have ffncial Care of theJe Poiate» to f;^va 
the Cdntratfb, it bdng of high CoB&quence.' 

* Then the Clerk read- the Proofs, .iAk. ' 
"'• * To prova that the King gruited a dormant 
Frivy-Seal May 28dj, 6 Jac. for the iHulng 6eOQ4 
f*r An. ibr the Office of the Ordnance were rtad^ 
' The Cop/of the ^d Privy-Seal, to prove that 
fUs Allowance was paid unfii Apr^ ift, 16141 
«iul ahsKt that Time the Office wu ptic out gf 
Order bf Sir JUitr DalSfaHt and Jm f^cw into gnat 
Amar> to the King.' 

* A DectMMibn (hr &e Oficeis of the Od* 
iHDoe dtlivcFod upon Oath Apr^ 6, l6a4t] O^tlw 
Caufa of the pcoTent Wtaakae^ of the Sbwe» of htJl 
Miajdys Offics of (fac Ocdoanoek' 

* To pnvB that in Nnmtirer t^ij^ thel^onUt 
■upona Rafcience from the King, did fee dowft aPioi- 
f>of«ion of Si^pjy amminting to 54,0;^ 8/. ftf. 8<( 
was read the laid Declaration, t^t^ Oftcep of 4ie 

* To piove that in Ftbruarf r6i^ tbd Klt^ 
jptnted a C»iiMfiiffion uneo the Comaii^nAv 01 
«h«'K«vyy to forvta; tfao Office of thO'OrdnMM«« 
-mid that is Jutf id20, the Commiflnmeiis oftite 
Kav^ (the Lead Trea&rer being oat) returtted-a 
Onificate for Supply of th* bid Office wi« 
13,640/: 1^!. ^d; and to retrench the OriinWf 
from 6ooe/. to 3000/. per Anmm, tQ cvt crir 
Ibtne needlefs Chz^ei^ amountiflg to i9,fi«di(> 
^ ..IkMrm : And that this was idtmroi .^ tlf: 
-XingV and Ab Lords, was rtad, . . 

> The Depofitioa of Mr. Jaint tkMr,. ^ 5* 
■ff April, 1624. 

' ^ To prove diat iajQfla&cr i&ii,- th« Ear}. qP 
MfddUftx be^anu: Lotd TTe^weTi uti tbat in twq 


"■•/'ENGLAND.- . , 2^3' 

Vesrs and a H&If bepuriued wne oC tbeTe EflO'^^I> 
UJAmcitts, was read, '***" 

* The had Dechration of tbe OfGcara of tlur 
Oidjiance, and tbe fiud' O^Giiaas of tlie bid 

* To prove that, by this Means, the faid 0£ec 
is both imrepaired and uofupplied, anil If eland hath 
not any fit Proportion of Munition, was read, 

■• The faid Declaration of the Offictrs of the 
Ordnance, and the faid DcpofitionSi of the fiwl 
Mr. Jahn Cdeie, as touching tho Olfioc of tiM 
Ordnance :' 

* And^he Abflraa or Efiitnste vt all die At- - 
mour. Arms, Pbwder, Lead, and Hand-Woapons,, 
remaining in the feveral Store-Koures within the 
'SCx.^'mca hthmd, t\izi^oi March ibli^Ae^iyLanA/' . .. 
■upon. Oath by the Lord QranfitU. ' 

■ * To prove that io j^rif 1621,, a Contra^ «a» 
made widi John Evelyn, to fcrve 80 LaJb of 
PbwdeF yearly, at -jJ. the Pound^ and. that thi» 
Oontrad bath been bcokcn in the Lord Trcafuia'ft 
Def^lt„ whereby there was 2*6 LtHs of Fomrcier 
\th in Store ttian wouJd have bees, and the Kiny 
, bath, loft 4050 h in the Sale of 80 Lafts of I^nvdec 
which he niight have fold, if that Coatnik had 
heeitic^rved at iod.xh9 Faund, tlw King {uyittt 
bitt 7^. and that the Lord Treafara vtat warn^ 
thereof, wercTcad,. 

• * The laid Depofitions of Mr. Caah:* 
' The Ciid Declaration of the Officers <^ A& 


*■ The Eicamination of JttH Ew/yny tafcsa Uia 

gthof^//, 1624:' 

* The &id Examifiatien oC yahn.Evelfn^ Uiat 
on ttte Fart of the Lord TreaAjrery' the 5th d£^ 

* And the Examiiution of NitAelas Sttts^ taken 

on the Fiirt of the Lord TreaAuer^ th» 4^ if 1 .' 


* The Lord Crtw's Letter to *h« ioHl Trea- 
(attt, ^b^^flfive>tii(ri6f.i:' " . -" 

ajR^ ^ ParHamentary History 

An. M Jinw^. ' Two Certificates of the Commiffioners of the - 
- ^*4. Navy, the one of the 9th oi May 1622, and the 
other the 4th of November 1622, depofed by yahs 
Eveiyn, gth of ^riV 1624:' 

*■ And an Abftraft of the Money paid out of 
the Receipt of his Majefty's Exchequer, for Char- 
ges of the Office of Ordnance, from Michaelmas 
' 1621, in the 19th Year of hia Majefty's Reign, 
until the id of April 1624, examined and deli- 
vered by Sir Robert Pye, Auditor of the Re- , 
ceipt of the Exchequer, was alfo read, to fliew 
what the Lord Treaiurer had paid concerning that 
The Lord Tm- The Lord Treafurer anfwered, / had netdy in. 
U^ toM?^t. *** fi^J^ Plauy to pray for Patience, fa much Pains 
tnney'i Mioncr being taien by Mr, Attorney to make me appeftr a 
•f proMciiJiig. faulty Man. 

' Unto which the Lord Keeper replied. That 
the Lords conceive that thefe Words are a Wrong 
done unto them j and, he conceived, that they are a 
greater unto his Lord(bip, the Lord Treafurer, who - 
beinga Judge, makes no Difference of a Charge.* 

* The Lord Treafurer anfwered. That he tt in-- 
jurioujfy dealt withal, and that m Peer hath bun- 
charged in this Place before by the King's Ceu/^eW 

' And being demanded by the Lord K£cpcr» 
wherein he is injuriouily dealt withal, he anfwer- 
ed, By Mr, Attorney's opening the P-oofs by^ Parcels^ 
I find by Mreiling Parts of the Dipofitions to be read^ 
which jhould haoe been done wholly and together' 

* The Lords conceived themfelves to be wron^-_ 
ed by thefe Words, for that Mr. Attorney had 
done nothing but as Attendant to the Houfe, and, ' 
by dieir Direftion; and therefore the Prince his 
Highnefs willed him (the Lord Treafurer) to clear, 
Mr. Attorney, or elfe this Afperlion will light 
very heavy upon him.' 

Wio ii jdftificd ' And the Houfe did acquit Mr. Attorney fb^., 
bj [he Loidi, any. thing he had fud or done herein.' 

* Then Mr.' Attorney opened- Ihe Heads of dis> 
Cbarge again, viz, . ■ .. 

* The 


/EN GLAND. '285 

' ' The firft Settlement of the Office of the Ord- An. *% Jwti »■ 
•nance, JnrtB 6. Jac; »"♦- 

* The fecond Settlement by the Lonl Ttea- 
fanr Salijbuiy, Anno 1617. 

' And the third Settlement by the Commiffion- 
ers of the Navy, 1620. And that the Lord Trea- 
itircr had obferved none of them,' 

* The Lord Treafurer anfwered, as touching the 

fecond Settlement, Nothing hath hten doni upon it ti Hit I«rilhip'» 
ibis Day; and yet it was made four Years before he wot ^^!^'^ 
Treafurer. , ,. , ^ , , WwT^um- 

* As touching the third Settlement, /( was pro- titoi. 
pmnded anly, and oppoftd, but riev/r aUawed i if al~ 
iowed, it was thirteen Months before he was Treafu- 
rer, and yet nothing dene in it, as by Coolt's own 
Oath : That he had no Privy Seal for it. And hov/ 
then can he be charged fir the Breath of that Settle- 
ment which was never fettled? But he will not give 
that far Anfmer. And then his Lordfliip affirmed. 
That the Starts art fumijhed, and that he had paid 

all the faid Ordinary of joool. per Annum, fave 
■300/. thtugh na Privy-Seal was ijfued out upon- that _ 
Book prefented by the CommiJJianers of the Navy ; and 
■paid divers other Sums of Money far Provlfons of the 
Stores ; whereof his Lordfliip recited the particular 
Sums : And whereas that Office was unfettled by Sir 
Roger Dallifon, he, being a Commifftontr .for the 
Kin^s Debts, found due to the Officers 18,000/. and 
caufed 13,000/- of it to be paid by Dallifon's Lands^ 
and the reji to be paid alfo afterwards; fi that a 
fmall Sum will now fettle that O0ce, which wi}s then 
thenfo unfettled. > 

As touching the Powder, That when he came to 
hi Treafurer, he found hut 116 Lajls of Powder, 
whereof zi LaJls, delivered by Evelyn, were leji un- 
paid fir; and that he pmd him ioool. Arrears: 
Though 60 Lajls of Salt Petre be not in the Kin/t 
Stores, yet there is fo much in Evelyn's IVare-Houfe ; 
and then it is the King's. Neither can the King re- * 

aive fuch Detriment or Loft; fir whenEve\yt\ it 


2§6, 'The Pttiilt<mentatytii-9Tf^y 

An. «t ^meil. pfiiiy he is to aait AStwatice ef the Pimiderhy iljif 
''•''* ■' filii. And aflirmecl. That hi had paid mart for Patuf 
der than woi paid for fiven Teari before. 

■ ■• Arid his Lordftiip direaed to be read the Ex«- 
mioation of Andrew Baffimay takcd oa hU^ofd' 
lhip*!it*aft flie+th of ,1%, 1624. , 

"Wha ^J^ojeth ia the third Interritgaterj,* Th« 

* the Total of Gun-Powder, remaining m the 
'* Stores of the Office of Ordnjuice, on the ifl: of" 
*■ O&ahtr^ if'Sl, was 116 Lafts, or thereabouts f 

■ and (he Store of Powder remaining in the Store* 

* of the faid Office, oa the laft f% of March^ 
' ' 1624, was 130 Laffs, or thereabouts, wherecrf' 

* to uiiferviccaUe, ye. And that the Arrears i<x 

* Gun-Pbwder waa paid to Mr. Evefyti bytbe now 

* Lord Tfeafurer ; but what the Arlcars were the 

* ftiil Dep£ineHt knoweth not, iSc 

' * R^. Attorney repli^ That Mr. Svdyjt can- 
not be called to an Account but fbi t^ rvwdcf 
^Id iSt& he is- paid, and not fbt in/ I^}wder fcpU 
^lefore he is ^d.' 

• And; ta prove the fame, tlw Clerk licai A* 
^ibraSt of the Covenants with .fiw^, vix. Of 
The fitcK Covenant, to account for the Powder iM 
after Payment paid.' 

* Ana whereas the Lord Treafurcr affittnedf 
, YhattSe third SettUmeitt^ made by the C»am0tnirt 

af the ^Ovy, tuas opfoftd, and fg not ftttUd. It i< 
true, faid Mr. Attoraey, it wa* oppofed by theOf- 
ficerij <& the Ordnance, and y^t afterwards fiib- 
Tbltted to by them ; fo then it wanted nothing hut 
a ftivy-Seal to fettle it : And that hu LordQiip wu 
not to expeA that the Officers of the Ordnance 
Would further this Propolition of the CammiAon- 
crs of the Navy, touching the latd Settlement ; 
for it took from them to,ooo/. yearly in Fees, and 
QtherUnnecetTaries; fo that it concerned his Lord-: 
)hip (who knows this, being one of the Commit 
lionersj to fee it fettled by a Privy-Seal and obfcr- 
yed } and ■ftx his Lordfbip hath done nothing in it 
.ttiefe two Tears and a Half fince he was Trcafiirer '■ 


., ..f( ,E:N G L A N-P. , ??? 

* Aqdu toucbing tbofe particul^ Sums of Mo- An. mJ*"""* 
any, whjrfh his Lordfliip rocites tu be^ldbyMra '^**' '" 
for. Provifiqns, Mr. Attorriey replied. That tefide« 
'thel3(^'ii,D0o7. pajdbsi>ii'i'B/o«'jLaii4% and the 
fsiA 'too!?/. ;paia ■by "tiis. Lordfttp, iiptm tis Lor*- 
^^fp's^aforrfajd fim Contraft with thcOKccrs, -anB 
''Xh^66pl. ijpofthisfaiitftcondContraft, hisLord- 
"Dlii>ifls iiot paid a full loooA for Provifions, thfc 
"r?ft lie paid for Wages only } and that thereby 
ittfe Stores ait -found to be unfiimiflied and weak, 
.which. would havjt; been well fupplied, if dje 3000/. 
^h^ yfiinum liitflK&a paid for the Store of the Mn- 

■■*' The Charge* touching the Oilfcers of At Qrfl- 
lianceheing ended, Mr. Serjeant CrAv opened tlut 
»f the ' I 

-t'O U K T/flf W A Rt>S. 

• That whereas, 1n DectmBer, 1616, laflruStfons Sajwnt Citw 
for the Court of Wards were fet out, (upon great "p™" ?*'*"'5 
Advifi^nent with,the^ Lord Chancellor of En^nd, ^J^, '^°" ■ 
tte two l/ordX^biefJuftices, and the Offiters of 

*ttatl Courf) <he Lord TteaftjMf, by his Impoflu- 
iHty and Power with the Officers, and ty his Mif- ' 
. Information to the King, (waving a Reference to 
' ■aipeis.I/Ords of the^louncilj procured thofe fnftruc- 
"tiotis ''to be altered,' to the ftejudice jof the King, ' 
arid Opprcffipn of the'SuWeft.' 

' For, by the formW Itfflruftion^ Anm itt^y 
petitions for Wartfihips were to be delivered to tte; 
Clerk of the Court, who 'was to eater dient with- 
out, Fee : But, by thtlt Inftruflions, Jbina ifian, 
■flie Petitiorts are firft to be delivered to the Mafter, 
todieendhemaylubraibehisDiredioni, and dieii 
^e Mailer's Secretary to make Entry thereof fhft, 
lainc Day it is deliverE^l, and return'it to tlie Suitor* 
who is to prefent it to the Clcrit, and. Ae Clerk t? 
- enter it without Fee.' • 

* SotheClerkoftheCourtihndsftill refliaiped 
/by thefe lattfir Inftru^ons to take any Fees for en- 

tefing of Petitions^ but the Mufter's Secretiuy is not- 


»•, 288 ~ the ParliamentaryMl%r6lLt 

An. sa jMDct I. reftr^neil i and, being unlimited, he hath takeft- 
»6"4- grew Fees for entering of thefe Petition?.' 

* And whereas, by the former Inftru£Uons, Ama 
1618, all Tenders and Continuances of Liveries 
were to be made unto the Surveyor of that Court 1 
Now, by thefe latter Inftruflions, they are to be 
made to the Matter firil, and afterwards to the Sur- 
veyor ; whereby the Fees for Continuance of Live- 
ries are raifed from iQt. the Tenn» to ^D*. the 

' And whereas, before, no Ward was efteemed 
a concealed Ward, unlefs no Suit had been made 
within three Years after the Death of the Tenant l 
Now, by thefe latter Inftrmaions, the Matter hath 
Power, alone, to difpofe of Wardfhlps concealed 
■tut one Year ; fo that' the Mafler may make any 
a concealed Ward,' by concealing the Petition, 
and not entering it with tHe Clerk ; the Petition be^ 
ing hereby appointed to be delivered to the Mailc* 

* A'nd that the Mafter of this Court of Wardfii 
the Lord Treafurcr, hath committed unto his Se- 
cretary a Stamp of his Name, and hath hereby put 
his own Power into the Hands of his Secretary': For 
his Secretary hath ufed his Stamp, in the Abfehce 
of the Mafter, for figning of Tenders and Conti- 
nuances for Warrants to the Great Seal for Live- 
ues ; and Warrants to find Offices for Grants of 
Wardfliips, Leafes, Indentures, and the like ; and 
Tor expediting of judicial A£ts in the Court ; And 
that this Stamp may be a ready Way to make con- 
cealed W^rdfhips, and may take away mean Pro- 
cefles due to the King for want of Livery ; and may 
antedate Tenders, Continuances, and Petitions j 
by reafon whereof the King may be prejudiced great 
Sums,. by preferring one before anotbei;' by Ward- 

' ■ fliips.' 

' This being (aid, the Clerk waj directed ta 
read the Proofs.' 



..V, E N:q tirA-KPt . . s^, 

' And for that, in opening of this Charge, the *P , "J^'J^'\^ 
L9rdK^|>ep<Ie]^'«r«l totlurI:oTds-aMeflage'froin> * '• ' 

the King, viz. , . - i 

' Xhat th^ Alteration of th?jj Inflruftions was 
*rde((Ated bftfore his ! Majelty 'at' ^tfijfi/; by tde^ 
*^'Mi^r and'OiBcersofthat Gourt-;'-ind ftiat his'- 

* M^d^'ynderffood that the Alteration'was for 

* the ttononr- and Profit of the Maftcry and in-' 

* titndfed thflt th? Maftbrftiould enjoy that Offitc] 
"ifi'amply as the Barf-'of Su/yJmj, or the Lord' 

* Vifcount fratlingfird : But if any new FSes arc 

* exacted fince, his.Majcfty difavows that; and if 
•■ ^e Mailer hath iifed thp new Infthiftions to the 

* Prqudice of the Kingor'Stfffieft, he difavows that 
*^^ia■^ bi(t ^lows'.tiis prrcife KjlowMgft.Of *e ■ 
*. Altarationof tite f^Ifi^ruflir*?.} ,., .-. : . ' 

1'. TheroforppoExamijtatiorts were proves 
the Lord Treafiver'siItnpQrtuiiity .and ^i;efrureito> 
have thofc Inftru^iohs altered.' 

* Then thefe Examinations .weit Mdd, viz, 

7fe 'Anfvler' of Sir Sen'jAMIS' RttDTAJlO, Kk. 
'' Surveyor :^Ue Liveries, Sir W fi.i.r%Ky^t^ -Kt/1. '"''*''"' 
iftti/rh^ «f lf>t Couft of fVardi dnd tiverles, 
■•-'JoHfrf'rdoK, E/r, Juditir Ginfral ofthejaid' 

~*^&k'6f;\he'Jaid Courts Unto certain ^te^ions] 
''dtmandedafihan, -.■.■■.■■■ ^ 

■.'WW ai^^^affxrt^y « That; by thfc firfmerlij-^ 
"'ftryiH^ijr,- v^5l6i8, the Petitions were de}i-' 
' YCTtd oiil^ to -the Clerk, who was to enter them' 
". Without Fbe ; biitj by the latter Inftruitions, the' 
'• Mafltr'^ Secretary js to enter them before they* 

* cometb'the Cleric, and the faid Secretary is niot 
' retrained from Wking of Fees* 

* To prove that tbe Secretary hath talcen gieat 
KmsTor J*(dtions,"w«<e read: 

^■.rf■:a-:. ■ ,.■...- ' 

■ v;^»;vi; ■■■■ . . J T .- rbf' 


■*** 75/ Examiiutfm tf WmitAM VTiiDi **«' "fc* 
?j/?a^ April, 1624,. 

* Thai^ about CbrifiMiat .was TweWie»i*ntlb bo 
■ deUvowd to Mr. Herman^ Secnt^yt to. ttta IjanL 
' TreaAiKf, ftgin the Lady Edmtandx, tjiiae. Fmb 

* Diflws ctfSilvcr, worthy as' be belleveth*. bcCwovib 

* 40i. uid 3I. a^picce, fbc thc'^urtbuanpe <i£)k& 

* Buiinefs 3oA Pctjtiojis touching tli^W)nUbiB,o( 

* her Sm.' 

'Uk Sxammatitm tf Rooeet Dudin^ tabcn. t^ 
fmt Day. 

* That he ttelivered to Mr. £fi«ffluit'&-L«tter-M<l^ 

* 5^. iQi. in Gold, htxa. Mr. M^m^U; and re- 

* ,ceived from tiim a Sdwdute concttMRfc » Wafd- 
*> (hip, to delinr to Mf. Brfv>^er\*' 

tht Exatmaatim o/'Edwaro Bkewstsk^ taien lAr 

. * And diat it was for a. Sc^Kdvlt oC C«nipqift\ 
< tion of 4e WanUhipof Sir 37x>matBaierv 9pi ' 

* that the -ikii Con^fitioa was made*, iQ. Zmwfv- 
' TVnnmstvo Years, by the reft irf dje CwnWiI, 

* inthe AbfeaceofttwLprdTreaAmr;; anttkitt 

* fac a Month after, he foUidted the 'Lord Tttft- 

* furer and' Mr. Hemum for a Di&atah theteo^ 

* but could not prevail i the Lord- TteaTum t^- 

* linglwm That he. liked ,iiot the Coo^tolitisii : 

* Whereupon, aftoE H^atyrTena, left Proecfi* 

* fliaulfi go fQrth, he wrote a I^c^er to Mr. £taf-~ 

* mofif. promifinj to be i^apidui { aoi receimi^ 

* Anrwer Out it was difpajtc^e^ he lent thft Sk^' 

* Mom^^. ui4 had. the a&irdaid CoPficfit>R(i«' 

Tl>i.Examim>tim a^Ei-lZABETH BftADFOKOt taitm . 

* ThatQieofieredMr.iir<mMn,io&.farbacPtti» 
^ * tiontotbeLofdTreafurer,fortheWaidflupofher 

* Dtu^tcf i but he refiifed, and told bM hi>J%e 


- ^fi HOL ANI>. ^4 

* 4r»*6*. AMtvabilM tare hDli&: And |1mi«^A>.*i>p»^ 

* upon flie gafe hJi# let. abd he then told her^ '^^ 

* That fa« had kitd jlfot a Ids Matter, wd ffai 

* angry witli her ht ftsu)dlng.with hitt.' 

Vltf £nnwMfan of C^mst. Vkiikam, ttktn tbt 
Jam D>^ 

' That..aBout.Cir^ff»i; w»»TweIvcDiontb, lis 

* give Mr. Herman 21s. upon the Delivery of t 
' Petition to the Lord Treafucer, (bt a Wanlfhipi 

* and, Hb&M Mtj UtHtsVlmgi wtere a Drf was *S- 

* Hf^ei to fltlbtfA tUc Coa4nfitiaa» he gava Mr* 
« Htrman 44/. nwH.' 

* And CO pwve that, hjr Cofour rf ifcefc latter 
InffnuaSoiis, Ffes forCimtinuancw of Liveries uif 
taiied fmm 10^ to aox« ths Term* were read 

^^/aidAmwLK tfthtfaid Offctrs bftht Court. 

. Whef^^ ^ Tlwt ^KtyhaW hcatd that the Sub* 
' icA Mid te the ^ivatvfef (fer the Mallei's \^it^ 

* lulf Fe«s for Tenders, aiid whble Pres for Con- 

* tinuancCi. j^d'thty, the faidSorotytt', AHttil^, 

* andAidlrsf, dbfif. That the MrffcR did declare' 
^ his Intention not tg debtr the Sufveyor of hii' 

* Pee for ContiiUiaricca : J«f /»</, Bec«ife Cotiti-' 

* nuances wCreMattimdf Grace and Favour from' 
' the Kirtj^* Wfajcflj^, that thtrefort, if AeSubjeO' 

* woidd'hai'e rheitt, they^flloutd p*y fix Aem'' ■ 

i& MmmnatUn of Ieft ery BRicMT, taitri tir 

JH^et/B, » That, fiBce the faH lafHnftmatOns,- 
*' the Feet <rf Coflrinuancc! trf Liveries have hcen' 

* rsijki Rota 401. *w Jmiumta 4/. 8*. wh««-' 

* tfjLCLh gcM to me Lord Tirafaier, and 4/. to' 
*>& ifrrtiw*'/ Man;' 

T a . ■ ?V 



■ Jinne D.ayi . . t 

Whofaith^ * 'P'M, fince the laft Inftru<9ion9| 

* the Fees for Continuances of Liveries have becH 

* raifed lis. every Termj which Fee the Lord 

* \rrea(urer'rf Secretary rcccfvcs; which U fpccially 

* complained of by fuch as have Suits in Court.* 

ThtEiforniiBtion c/'Nicholas HeRMAK^ taim the 

22</ff/^ April, 1624. ■'' * 

- * Th«irincethe.laftIn&va)Diis,.theI^rdTEKi- 

* torn did 'tal(e, upon evuy.CoOtinuanGe of Live* 

* ry, los. a Term, and no more.'- , , ' 

'. f. And to prove that, by the. Utter Injlru£lioa$, 
^ Mafler hath Pi^wer to jpake. moft Wardfhipt- 
concealed, was read , 

' The Anfwer upon Oath of the faid Officers of 
th? Court of Wards.' 

. . - :TpHching the Stamp ivcre read 

¥he Examination if the fmd Nicholas Hbrmak.' 

Whofaitby 'That, by thcDireaion of the Lord! 
,^ Treafurer, there was a Stamp made, and, by hi^ 

* Lordfhip, delivered .to the Examinant, witl% 
*. Ppwer .to l^n therewith fuch ordinary Things. 
*; toilchi|ig tfifi ^BulmeTs .of the Court of Wartfi^ 
*: as were Agned by his Lordfhip. An^Jailh^ 

* That he did nwi!e the Lord Treafurer to make. 
' the faid Stamp ;'and the Reafon was, for that the 
*, -Suitor^ that followed theic ordinary Bulinefles- 

* attended (bmetimes eight, nine, or ten Da^ fiw 
' Difpatch, which occdioned much Clamour, and 
*. fome Jnd^itiy; that the (aid Exafnjnant delayed 
';.thefn of Puifiole} and therefbi;? tl^e faid Exam-, 
*.ina.i)t was-delirous to .give thelh better Dilpatch., 
^^^ndfvith, 'tpa Lord Tieafurer did not diftri- 

* bure his Time,^ afligning any certain Day&- or, 
' Hours for the Difpatch of the Afisire "of ' the 

* Court of Wards, otberwife the ikid Stamp had 


v^flZ-IiN GLAND.. B93 

* notbeenmad?. ^rf /»>*,- He did ufc Aefcid *^"J»™i'i' 
*■■ Sump Ibmeomes in his LcH-dlhip's Abfaice, awL *•*** 

*. fonKtimes in his Prefence, when his Lordfhip wBs 
(■■ etheiwifc bufied. JnJ faith. That thae was 

* but one Stamp) but he could fign feveral Vfzyty 
i acCcHrding as he Ibt on the Stamp ; fometimei 
*- -mAi die Name of MtddUfex alone, and iomze 

* times with the Addition of Cmria Wardtrum' 

'The aftrtfaid Exmiiwaiita ef jEFfRRr BRIGHT.. 
' That he hath fcen Mr, Herman fet the laid 

* Stamp to an Indenture for a Ward(hip of Body 
. * and Lands, and to many other Things. 

The /aid Examnation y Thomas Fabian, ,,^ 

* That Mr, Herman haA fct the laid Suunp fo 
, • iimdry Writings in die Abfcnce of the Lord 

* T««fiir«r.' 

•Jed- At /aid Answers ' ef the Officert ef the Court 

• of.lVords: 

■ '* That Mr; /firwwK hath ufed die £ud Stamp 

' •^li^ftampingofTendtrs.iUidContinuatKesi'War- 

* rants to the Great Seal, Gomes of W^cdfliips, 

* Leafcs, Indentures erf! Liveries, tf r.' 

* And therewere (hewed forth* and read by the 
Cterit, divers Petitions of liindry Nature*, ftamped 
with the faid Stamp,' v 

The Lord Treafurer anfwered unto this Charge, 
-That he it net U ■ he iiamed far putting bis Office into Tbe l*rd tv^ 
•futh Plight as it was before an Encriicbmmt, ''"«''• Anfwer. 

As touching his Secretary's Fees, Jt be is net re- 
'firaintd, fo ne&ing is aUatved ; and if he hath exaH- 
-*d anytbingi kis Ltrdfhip will be the feverefi Ctlt- 
furer. ef him. He never heard ef any till now, 
That the Secretary la farmer Majitrs received what- 
ifaever any^ Man gttve voluntarily-, ft it was lawful 
for his. 

T 3 As . 


294 ^ PjrUtmentay H j s t « r v 

M. *• Jam t Aa Mtidaiia thcT w for CoAtiniUten, W^Jh^M 

i**4^ h$Ufi dnfthng it£ fir « FiKW /» «;(<> MfeSf 

By Ail Means thert it fetuer Cmtmiitttta i Mid fi 

t^ Kiitg bar hit Menty ibt fiantr^ ami tit J^OIjV ^ 

frttftr the StdftHi Suit HHfitmtr, 

As fat concealed WardHufia vvithin * fivr; 
h h kmtfind ta the King g othermji, wilittH tkr* 
Yeart, the iTuri might die, and ike. K^ Mi tht 
Wafdfinf. Neither hath the Mafter fueb Power^ 
ainuy therein by thefe turn iffim^um: He it vify 
P^vAei witi the Dirt^ion uttte tuhom the cauealed 
l^ard/lnp ^l he granted; the Compufition ij tejitatfy 
CeuueiUBoard : But it ii mtffnwed that be ever madf 
tHe ceaeeahd Wardjbip. Thty fay tbii may he dtHe, 
tut dt nfitjhew what was dme amtfi- And hti LoFd- 
, ihip juAilied, That thefe new Inflruitiaat were mart 
JtR^wW (> .the King md Sid^ ihtn tbe firmert 
titd mt- fTe}u£atd\ fir at tai^lxng. the felHiiatt ^ 
the Ward ha^n im a Vacation., the Petitiaa mt/l St 
deUvered vdtbina Manlhi fftatbe Clerk, ferht^ bt 
a DUt 9f Tmpr .' AW they are U ht'd^iCertd » ^ 
Mafler firfiy and he may £^eit the finding of tht 
00eemtheimUwai hd it it ^nt Pone tiS the ftt 
tkifH he eftentxtrdt entered hy Ae Cltri, aadCm^ 
foptiott is madi by ail lie O^eri. 

indeed the Qficfrt yieid^i, hardily U the mw /»• 
^ruiiions ; hecaufe they bad, by the former, fitared At 
A^tr^t Fawer and Authen^atau^ tbettdekm. 

His I^ocdOiip conMid, iiat hiyielM le iaiu 4 
Stapip made by the Prectdtnt af tht ivdStdn^'* 
Stamp ; which, he faid, he catdd net prove hut hy 
Jiear-Say: And Etan^ are tded in ^ S***{f)^Qgiu 
and the Outlawries. And that it it aa taaee pr^MtS- 
tfalie (tUtmit a Stamp f hit Seeretgry^ iitn U k^ 
heen heretofore to leave tht Seal with the Gieri. Net- 
Aea is it /htrtm itat thii Stamp both hetn fo At Prtr* 
■ftdice eftiny Man, Hie fame Things that 'Jjere Ham^ 
■W, besng » paft «*»■ Offiurt either frft or iafl. 

» Thw 


tf £ N O L A N B. 2^f 

TV EmtmtuHm af HicitAitD Chamkklain «tJ 


* TtedcAme'nii^dwtwercftaBipedikm. 

* or ought to pa& odwr of the Ofioen Handt, ei- 

< ihH-liefttearafterllifywcrelbiBpn]. Thuno 

* iV(fuaiceluidibecn,totlMarlCM«I«dac, Muiy, 

* ddRf totbc King cw Sdjea, kjr rcMoN of dw 

< Cod fituip, ualefi the St^^eA hach received sny 

* IVqutfeei^daPedCHMsAuqMiforjitdici^ A^ 

* tiT Aft Court. Thttt the Suiton hare had %m^ 

* DiifittdibytheStkinii. 

■ TUs being icad, Vb. Snfieait 

Cnm made a 
^<* for Condtni* 

* That, in the Tiiiie «f Lord Titafluer Bur- Sc^cmk Cm*-* 
Ayi, tbon-wu paid but (tt. S^ for a Contimi- '^^r- 
ulitT) cither to dw Mafter or Stsv^or; whidi is 

Aow jwd tb bo^ and io<. tinea eadi. 

* Unto v^ucfa the Lord TrcaiiMvr anlwered, in 
«fcft, as faefora, and fmther (ud, 7i<rt ^ As^ waci 
JWM M^, ^ darji mt adotwhin u fnmtj mtrtt 
fir «W h* wm fi far fpmt % and J^ei tbaf.ii 
Mtffa tumf M t/^ Ltn^bips agaim^ Tt-mimw 
Jmnmft *» ^"^0 '^<*< tomdmg tbr twa Srihtt "tf 

* fi^re Ac Lord Treafurer wai wttfadrawo, 
Ac Eari «f Cariifie rcoicHibercd thdr Lordlhips, 
That Ae Lord Treafurer, the other Day, had 
lAatipd him with 3000^ giytn htm; whefcas, 
-ahDuttvdveMonthi after die Lord Tieafurer w&s 
wtde Mofler of the Waidi, bis Loid&ip paid the 
£ar| ctCarSA 3000/. in part oi ao,oooA given 
.hhtl by the King. And whereas the Lord Trealii- 
nr %aJcc of the vaft £xpenees of the Wardrobe in 
Anner Times, the Eari of CarHJle Mi, That the 
E»pa«cet p»m fogicu byreafon of the cxtraordi- 
aaryChaiynfaco haHttniagtaa, bj the Qjfsea of 


for furnifliing divers of the King's HouIe&'; fortnV4 
ny rich Prefchts fent to foreign States ; for the 
King's V<^age to Scetiand; aad the like,' 

' And the Earl of Dinhigb^ npw Mailer oftlM 
Wardrobe, Ihewed, That he cannot get (my Al- 
lowance forilie ExtaordinaiiEi of tfiatTMiiotrbm 
dis Lord Treafuier." m ' 

■ * Whereui^O'fais Lordfliip anfuKred, Thal-'ihe 
King rifirrki'MiU him the Earl .6f Denbigh's J>€- 
tturnds of ihi£»iraor£iiariesif vAtrtin.'.hii Ltr^if 
luai wKuiUing ionuMtl,. fir ht'auli not 'tenuivf 
how they aatld amat^-. te wn SioH JemandeA ^d 
]|s tctudiiag drt Easl of Cmliflti Ifht hidfaid that 
kt had given him that ^OpoJ! if' did bh Lfrd^ifi 
V/reng,ftr he had JVarrantfrom hit Majejiy to pay <>, 

* And then thcLwdTreafurerdelired-he'inight 
-be heard to cleai'. fdnc- Words thA might pits front 
him this Day, where it Is reported that his Loc^ 
fliip fboutd fay. That he iiad unchriftian Dealing : 
Ht meant it not hy ihtir Lord/hips^ vjhBft.DcdHngt 
he ackneiuUdgtd to he to him bath juji and honturahUi 
hut he iy the King's Ceurfei^ whe have dtat 
f ttitthrifliouiy with him, ai laniaie if^te Blaeif 
and Black IWhite : And humbjv' defircd, That Uns 
his AcimmuUdgtmeta of the "pifiite of the Hoafi 
■.tnight be ofctpied ef him, and to be mmrftood etilj »f 

■ the King's Cetmfei. Arid faid further. That hi had 
Prectdints, that he ought not to anftiitr in this Piattt 
(at the Bar) and that he ought to havt Counfcli and 

/prayed that tbtmextmigbt mt'.fufftr hyiis Example. 

'And again Udired to appear To-nfoirow to 
' nWke his farther Anfwcr.' .J . • 

■* The; Lord TrflBrurer being withdtaim, Ac 
Houle agn'ed. That he Ihould appear hete again 
To-morrow at Nine of the C^oclc; and Mr. Mmt- 
■■ well, the GemlenaD UHier,. warned him to ^pci^ 
accordingly.' ■ 

* The Lord Keeper deared the ProceedingB of 

the Kiiig.'s Coanfd in their feveral .Charges againft 

the Lbrd .TreuAirer; and the Houft gave them 

'■■ Thaoks for tbqr f^ii Carnage theinn.' 

-. . . ■ "JMij 

Y.;^. EW G-tA N'to. '■ 297' 

■ " JUgy^t," The Lori! Treato'rer being at the Bar, Ao. n jtsnK 
and bang admitrcd tw fpeak in his own Defence,- ***^' 
his 'Lbnlmip firft repeated the fcveral Heids of the 
Matters wherewith he is chai^iJj viz. 
. _ -I . *- Touching the Warclrrf>e.' 

2. * Touching two^ribes received of the Far- Tfci lori Tn^t. 
nleis^ the'Cnftoms.' n^*^tak 

- -'^.■♦''CompofitionsoftheOut-PottsforGroccry.' the^Jf^ 
'■ -4.'; y The Officers of the Ordnance, Ai(d, Clw>ge. 

•. 5. * The Ct»rt of Wards.' 
. .#. Ai for the firil, 7iat hit Omiffian of an Accomn 
In thi if^ar^abe did Tuithtr add to nar diminifi) tht 
■Charge the King vun at ; and that, aitheugh his'Lirdf 
^b^ emitttd to Jifrve Jem* af the- Lord Chamberlai'^s 
' ifan-atitt-, ameunting ' ta a Matter of 700/. yet bt 
had laid out, in the Extraardinarits of that Office^ 
■/whith He Wai- Hot bvuni la da) ohut 6000/. anil 
Mat tht-good Service xuhich he had done hh MajeJIy in 

■jJm O^e if well inawH. ' 

*^Touching the two Bribes,' termed diJgusfedCor- 

ruffiotii, thwfaever the Farmers afthe Cufhmfrf 
•felled tb* famtf "ht could not knew their Thought) hat 

hy their IVards and-Deeds^ And ■his Lordfcip pro- 
.ttfted, Thai he reiekitd the fame no stherwife than 
. ifir his Merefl in faw 3a Parti af the Great Farm 
. afthe f^C^mi. 
i .* As touching the Leafe for Sugars, He wtUJaj 

■ ta mare than firmeriy he had fpoien. Nor, 

..' 'ForiheXJompofitjons for Grocery, five on]y. 
That his Lordjhif hadfent Barret's Son unfa Mr. Ser- 
jeant Crew, to fatisfy him that Barret had farmerly 

- ttiie^d the faid CompofitionS, by virtue of ihi H^ar- 

- rant of farmer Treajurers. • 

■■ ' As tonching the Office of the Ordnancs, Ks 
'■ Ltrdfiiip vtautd fpeak no more touching the Pravifion 
ftr Armi and Gun-Pawder, than he had doht. But, 
".. '.As tofic\ua%DaUifin's Bufinefs, his'Lordftiip ' 

■ £ud,' // bigOn originally before he was Treafiirer j i>e 
'. therein fettled' the King's Debt unto the Officers, and 

hath parted with that EJiaU,- which he had from them 
. in Daitifan's Lands,- within- a Month after he wat 

7>/<^ir i ■ jwf, . if the fecond Bargaiti made ivilh 
.. , thefe 


agS 7%e f ^Zr#Rt«r^ X t « to K r 

t. M.jia>Mi tbeJk (Matrs prim Jnt « *tiii/kiBl A tim « x^ 

as gaed ; wiarA ^ nwJt^ ptfftfm* And bu Lbsd- 
{bip Further praffcxcd, 7^-<uyr ^mSmiU hmmtO^ 
tifon's £ti»d!r ^din ^ a f» ^ SnK '^6n ^ t;^ 

< Then he dcTued dieir LqhM^ •«» t4)e«m 
Sty ifthoje that ^ii^p^ him \ ^UL, ^ At htd ittt 
as wtU able t» jpeai ftr ift^t m Unj Amkfh 
^aiafi buitt ht Auktti mtlkttliM it fitidtkfVt 
pvat their X^r^^vtryptdSfKiifiiilim. 

* HjsLoid&U) Jjitke much i««Moafefcrihafc 
Matters complauK^ of wainft Jbwi v Lot^ Tr*- 
furer, ^ing, natirMt^iNrnj^mHyoKt^ 
Menty vtas the Cod/ ^.nmk Atrttf, 

<• He KkaowIoUd, Thri ii« X^ 4^ Am « 

if ^ni imalijui M^er tmk itm t Mid wMivcdi 
,het ht icd httn a rW md/mi^Senma mm 

txtepuif pAiA art prt^Oid if tie Ceamaiu) if nwr 

htmta tht SiMg and the f m^. 

fial hit Servite kai iem in Ref v w M m v , w^ 
Of the }hup>»Ui iftheNavfi »/ lit O'ankeiai 
and of the Kingdam tf Ireland j nuUci «rv tVagi 
^ Aat Heture thai Aef itget £nemts .- jAd i/^ in 
aainig Service tt hit Maufiy, hi hath prttmvd f Hm- 
' Y mamf 'Enmieiy ihtir Xtr4^pt tviM ml in^Ktt 

tf te him for a Patdt, 

' Hi» Lordlbip alls afinncd. That it bad duu 
iit Ap^efy nad Senfice in lit PalatiaOe, iy jrfMV- 
dng the ExdtaKge of the Kin^t Mantj lUtiWt vien- 
mitfawd the King 60,000/. Aad aftnngd, That 
he bad advanctd the Prafitt ^ the Gnvm at ie^ 
tOfOBol. though nn by Jt^^aiui ti^ it meStd 
net whit tie other two eiu^ttdt emd litf wert tfreid 
VKto by the Cauiuil-Seard. The Shift iadeed. vme 
in tit Rivet, but the Fintaeri uitre fait fir, and 
made tt pay what was in^ed m the Jihrdmitt, 

That he offered to pay the Arrear dut ftr Iidaad, 

a third Part from tki tu Dtpn^, and tit mu Ht^ 


That ; 


*/ E N G L A N I>. 9^ 

frma *i< rtfcr i »A«wrf(iS \tt atfuaSni^ his Afyje^ *•• •! !'*••> 
tmdturntd it aU U hit Mt^ejij'i Profit. "^ ' 

Tltff i(^ bath letn a Judge tbtft eight Tears, and 
pa Comfiaint bnugbt agoing him far Ctrntptisn tr 
Bribirj i vilndt be hiped viauid wttgh mw with 
tbtir ZdT^e^. 

* AsiA OS Ant tbc OflfeiKe taken Veftcrday againft 
)uiD> tomUv tlie King's CouKfel, (whom he Kvtt 
loved weS) A knew mem tt be »f that Itving No* 
tmrt, ^M he doubted lut but that tb«f would ip^utt 
ft t9 hit R^btufi, and forgive blgi. 

* Then he crwed Pai^on of tbeir Lon^ips, if 
Ise had umittej mj tiling, or fpolcen ought that 
taight difeofiievt them f smtl Q>, with huoMe 

. Tbsiijcs Sot tbeir Favour to himt be concluded his 

* The Lord Toftfitrar baring ended his Speech* 
hfr was anfweied b^ ihe l«rd Keeper, That the 
Council'T^c difavowed the Itnpofidon qb Wines 
to bc^ fnm Atm ; It came from bis Lordflitp 
;tE WWijgfng to bis Place of I/ord TreaTurcr ; ate 
Matter m^s hie alone i the Manner aUg was coo- 
tiadided hr the left of the Council, for that the ■ 

"Merchant Ships were then in the fiJvcr ( only ther 
gave way t» it, upon hjs Loxidiip's undertaking 
^ai the Merchants wouhl yield thereunto, and that 
theyjpiould be'iio way prejudiced tiicrebv.' , 

* WbereuBto the Lord Tre^Jjfnr replied, J^ 
thit tim aa Ptirt efhis Charge, 

* The I/ordT|reafiir« bang withdrawn, and the 

_ fiovb adjourned ad Libitum^ Mr. Attorney Gene - ;„„ conflJ™- 
rdl read that Part of the Charge againli the Lord ii<u ihe kittA 
'Tceafurcr" which concerned the Wardrobe,"' ■ ^'''" ,'j||i'J'^ 

* And the Lords having duly confidcred Of the i,orj''r«.6iier*( 
Cnmes ohjci£ted agaioft the Lord Treafurer, for not Aofwcxi, 

. cntenag into « Book of Accounts the Warrants and 
£aiptu>as, as he ought to have ijone, whereby the 

'SfWVni'W iud antieot lofUtution of that Office is 
altogether broken > and for not ferving the War-t 

. laott diie^EUd uolo him for the King's own Perfon, 

(hf^h V .^> ^'^Q U'f^f^ thetointo I nor paying 



Th Tm-Uatmntary History 

•» '• divers bf the Creditors for fuch StufTas they lerved 
in, although he received 20,Ooo/. $er Annum, by 
way of Impreft, for the ordinaly Charge only of that 
Office ; which a far lefs Sum would have fully de- 
frayed : And for that he had ndt pecfbn^ed that 
good Service, which be pretended imto his Ma- 
jefty \ but, under Pretence thereof, had procured 
to bimlcif great and large Gifts from his Majefty, 
and Pardon of divers great Sunjs of Money :' 

* And the Kin^ft Counfel having fatisfied their 
LordOiips, That the (aid Pardon to the Lord Trea- 
furerdid not pardon his I.ortt(hip*$ not accounting} 
the Hotife was refumed, and the Queftion put. 
Whether the Lord Treafurer, for his Carriage in 
thcOffice of the Wardrobe, be cenfurable, orNo ? 
And it W4S agreed, Nemine dijfmtiaite^ To be c?n- 

« Pop Meriditm, Mr. Attorney read that Part 
of the Charge againft the Lord Treafurer which 
concerned his talcing of 500 A of the Farmers of 
Wines and Currants for aBribe, and 500/. of the 
Fanners of the Great Cuftoms, for a Bribe ; and 
for exa£Hng looA of the faid Farmers of Wines 
and Currants.' 

' And their Lordfliips took Into their Confido- 
^ation the Lord Treafurer's Anfwer unto the faid 
two Bribes, v'lv.. That he accepted of lOOoA tali 
him, -at one entire Payment, by the Farmers of tht 
Great Cuflsmi, upon a Bargain of his faur 32 Parts 
tf the Great Farm. And it appeared plainly un- 
to them, by the Examination of divers Wit- 
neffes, as well of thofe taken ex Parte Domini Re- 
gis, as of thofe taken ex Parte Domim Thefaurorii, 
That 5_oo/. of the faid Sum was given to the Fartners 
of the Wines and Currants, called the Petty Cuf- 
toms, to procure his Lordfhip's Warrant forDe- 
falkation of loooA per Annum of tfieii Renn, f<ir 
nine Years ahd a Hatf, in recompence of their Lofs, 
according to his Lordfliip's farther Agreement -with 
them on the King's Behalf, upon his Majefty's 
■ Reference unto his Lordlhtp : And that the other 
500/. was given, by tteFanners of the..GMit 

*/ E .N-, G, h A N Di • v^ ?%^ 

Cl#apiRt to procure his f-onMhip's Warrant 'ai»IV*?'.?J^^?' ^ 
the King's Remembrancer, to take Security Ifor' ^^. 
¥ai]fmsia, "of the Rent to' his Majefiy i of the. four' 
^^atpntees of that Ftrm, /n iicu of five F^tnefs who . 
hwl celinquifhed theic FarCs,therein : , Afid, that bia, 
Lordlhip hail not referved to himfelf any Parts ot 
the f^d Gre^ Farm, as his Lordflitp pretends : 
A;[id tfhehad, it had.heen a grcatDeceit untohls. 
i/^yfiRyt .fac ihe.Lord, Trcaftirer of England to 
cootrau.withfuhersfi^); his Majefly's Customs, and. 
fecietly to. reljjrve Parts therein unto bis own Bene- 
fit: And whep, as his Lordjhip i^ffirmSf that he it-, 
ccived the loo/. of the Farmers of iSiie W^^,an4j 
Ci4ixa|jts,..(»r a New- Year's Gift, ij ^peare^ alfo 
by .the Examinations v^That the laid c arista. did, 
piefcnt his Loidlhipiwith a Tiui oi^Wiiie Foi hisi 
New-Year*!, Gift^sjid his Lord/hip excited thc^ 
lOo/, of them after>«ards; which divers of their: 
lUi^dlhips conceive to be Extorti5)n.' 

' All which being fully, difcuffed, the Hoate was- 
rjefumed, .and the Qjicftion was put. Whether, upon 
Uiis whole Ch^gci'theljord-Tieafuref ^e ccnfura- 
ble, ornoJ A]>d agreed generally, Tohecenfured. ,j 

• The Houfe hein^ again adjourned ad Libittaiif 
Mr. Attorney Genit^pl re^ that Part of the Charge 
againft the. Lord Treafurcr,, which concerned his 
Xiofdpiip's; procuring oi Gtergt Herrht to fiirrender 
hiSilfCafe of the Farm, of Sugars, which he helJ 
«. the Rent of 10,000 Marks per Annum to the 
King,, and for procuring, a new Leafc thereof im-. 
inedtUety to two ,of his Lordlhip's Servants, to.' 
his own Ufe, at 2000!. per Annum; and for de- 
- nying the Merchants, upon their Exportation of 
■ Sugars, the Impolts paid therefore upon thelmpor- 
tUioa,,as. bis Lordihip ought to have done by the > 

ipireflioiis of his Majefly's , Letters Patent of the " 
gCa oS.Dteemher, 4nm 8 'Jocabi, ■ 

■ j'.Up^-reading whereof the Lord K^per figni- 
.^edtotheifLordmipj, That he had received a Mef- - 
i4ge ^gi the King touching this Charge, vi%, 

' That his Majefty did freely give unto the Lord 

Xfca^)^r^.ooo/. ftr Annum, out of the faiiJ Leafe 



jf0« T^ Pm-kmimi^ ll''M 4okV 

i. h]*«>**^ fHf Sugars, the faxm to begin' pM£i^' rfleif' 0i^ 
»«**• 0ate thereof." 

' Toeir Lofdunps tiufttig iitfo Coflnnf f itran t 
(hat this was the King's 'fjee <S^" thef 4itf floi> 
think it fir to cetifnrc tbe Lord- Tre a fiirer far thef 
fame ; ahtunigh his Lordfitip haj vtAv/tj infbnned' 
his Majefty af tt^good Semcw done rn-tfaeOAceof'' 
the Wanltobe, which his Lorifcip pwfe ii n t J net^' 
fbrwhichthisLcaTeof Sugarswasgivefihim'. Nri' 
tiler did his I^ordfliip inform bis KStteftj, f fot o ug h t" 
appcan) that a Debt of 7000^^ was irnhHcJ-inott' 
that Lcafe ; the which his LoHlbip' ttmrfenvd -tiV 
the Farm of Tobacco.* 

* And as touching lllcDeifiri of die ImpofF tm"' 
to the Merchants, apontheE«portadon of Sovars, 
S)T that his LordlfaTp affirms, That the Undcr-Fsr- 
ffiers of the {aid Sugars from him are HaMe 'to thr 
ftc-payinent of the faid InnKiffa, if any We Jur^ 
riieir LordQiips did not ^tiSl rt fit to cenTure. dw'' 
Ixird Treafurer for the, fame.' 

* And Ae Hoiife being refuaiedi the -QprfUdtf 
was put, Whciber the Lord Tie«rflir«r ftiM Ite-' 
freed ftam any Cenfure iti this parttctdarCBtr^e, 
or Nb ? And gcncraHy agreed. To he free*.' 

* The Houie was again ^jaame&aH^Siium, 

* And Mr. Attorney 'Gchfrjd rta/i -AwPart rf 
the Charge againft the I-ord'Trarftirer, whiith «»* 
ttrns the Cotnpofition for Grocery Wares it»- the- 
City <rf Briftvi, whicb City had refcffid « ^fclip 
unto ffly Ctanpcfition im the fame ; anf -yet th# 
tor* Tirafijfer had ghren Warrant to Iwr *hi*' 
fame againft thEirWiffs, andtofhythrcntem^wP 
their Goods nntil the fame yaa paid ac co itfl i^ '. 

' But forthat it appeared, th'attheLorii'TTe«i 
ftircr Dtrfefi Letter, dated B6ro, for 'l»;^u«the' 
uutie Oompoiition, agreeth wilh the Letter wiittdi* 
by this Lord Treafurer; and fbr-dut titvers-of 2IW«- 
Jfal^iaA pai&thel^Compolttton^ zmf -IBrthit'ili 
did not appear tbzc the Lord Treafinef «BftSett<i' 
by tcfk any Bcnefitto faimif^, tfe-Lot<& dfti- aaT' 
iik\nV him fit to'bccaifared:f(Htfa?iBHae!' 


'* IVImikw- the AiMtk-'MRf;. tttuhi^ iC waa.Aib iviM>'t> 
put W-^wQ^R^otit ,W%ttber the I^ Xrcd^- '*^ 
wmm kn Awe «r Omfurem; thts Chjfrge aC 

Grocery, orMof An^aSi^* to^^^^- 
- '« "na lAmfe beift^-aj^' atBoutnetl ad Lthihim^ 
Mn Attonwjr lfieliet«l'>«wP anoOer ^rt of tha 
bwd TVttAlr*^ Cftafige, fiz: ^ ' 

• "Tlwi'MsJl.atMtipb fbr, ihisvtwo Tean. m J ar 
|M^ fincete WMLacdTt^^rer, huh n&t oblferved 
At. two ProMttluti br EftaUHfatinents of the, Qr- 

i*l*Mt AM iriireh' was. ftnted for the Supply. 
dHre«f 1); Friv^SekU Amfi ft^ Jacabc, &tr the 
Qrt i iif J of •ArtOtee, nor^cfaat, ^ v^n*^i620,', i 

Ac dfewtr hv Ma- Loidnqr, vd die other 1:0111-' 
mMimiM*- m ttie' 'i^itvf i<ir the preTeftt Supply 
tliwbpfj whacliyAwSeQrerne, to e!ff^, wbolly 
iffAmUlked: And Au M^ Lonlftup, Ancehewas 
E^4(f^«MWeF, nqdtefied amt Icept net tibt <^oB'>. 
tfsa^ iMfc ftv hMt^r^ QttteT ComoijlSoaera 
wMi« Nfip. jlwlits Iw <9tiii^n>wder, to the maazd' 

AnMw MkdfrpBilBwfUIBkii^^iis. fi>r thelUndfi oT 
Si*' iBvc^ AuU^«, contrit^litig to prcicure.'Pay-r 
SMM-wold AfreoM oF{>e(n:, vbich lie peiTdEmed, 
uNcn fce- bicaifis Treafurer; and to prectite th«: 
]ttikii)if;of Batmictv ^ > Siiit n the King fbc 
CflMfKMn4>Hg' wMk biy MajdlyV -Ct>pr}4iolder« of 
WduJuUy which he valiied at two thouland Poum^j' 
«ii^' IM- Kfikig mAreAiMiwii and the Powci: aod 
OcpoMunee dT %m Pkce-, to wieft Sir Richard 
StmUi\ JM^ Sb y*foi gaw out oC a Leaft;, which Sk 
ilM ANU^^ad ^aftif tuKcr tbem.' 

7 AiiHi>tlMr>L<M^AM»r4mtng fuHf ^Hcof&d^lhe' 
Omxrlitt^iea of dte Lord Treafarer t» iOUe the' 
Kii^» Mbnty for- tbe fiirnKhing of the EitigV 
Smm -«f M m mWmi *, with- AnnouT'' ukI Fbwder ; ; 
Uit>A»^te-pM' Ar Amzts of Pcbu ta tkatj- 
Oflpi larMsMM ptt ti cnfar f rofit upoaa.Con-, 
tmft^didW'bid-OSicers: Andharing con&der-^ 
cd'hi* LoutftQK £i'eat Mi/detneanors i» the Bar-' 
gpiW.for<be-fiu^l«d» of Sir Rtgtr I>aB:fan ex-' 
3 tended 


304 thoffar^aifugafy |f ifT^V 

•. II jriMt 1, tcnie^ /oif^t Debt j, apd-hii: liitJrdfliip'Sr jwl(Wn^ 
•"t*, thg» for "Part .of faymcnt diewof,.ti>c)adBlcwg*rf' 
Baronets iiad a Suit for the^o^ipo^wJiag ^'HJKlw; 
Majefty's Copyholders of ^fli/^W.-,V ■ ■ ,-..- ;; 
* And hiaXor<Jfliip'sAnfHt«i TTyit Iv^. pr^SfrpeJ 
this Suit utua the JfiW, Jm.pitf- »f Sir Titmiff. 
Mounfon's 'EJaltt a Mam iere^fir^ tf ^Sd Af-i 
eount in his-Cauntr/i and now ■ Jtcaytdi whK^^ii^ 
tordfljips tRoupht inoft fcudi^, (or. a Ixwi^TflfiAi 
fursr to m^tctlfeoftohia ^urn Benefit:', 'j i . 1 '1': 
' Apd it. appealing unto,;f:heir,Lrf(r(Ut^, .TlNm> 
the faid Lord 'Trea%M- ,ba|l fet on (mft an.«W» 
Outlawry, ,u[>on aJDebt long;Time futc4rt>^j-fej!t 
the'fald Sir .Ri^^r Di^/i^nV.^di^ithia X*ldl(WlPV» 
Upon .I*ret?nce pT^Debt «p.rfic:Kiflg wfhfWJtlieiie'j 
was none, prpcured iv.Jlevocationtof .Letters fl^i 
AdmihiAfatioji granted of - Sir, R^er^iPfiii^Jtiiii 
Goods'} and.had written his-Let(ct.\tc>tti9:JuiigHu 
«f tbe Common Pleas. for-the.coun£en;tpf4ilg,itfI 
this mdireifl CourJ*^, to ,wrelj:,tl}G fa^d Lc^C*] &MI1 
die faid Six; S^cbark SmtKt^^ Sir j''^ ■D'TSJj fi***- 
merly granted .unto, them '^y,,the (lid Sci Bitgirf 
Dallifm: AUthia' being fiflly debated, t^ Ht»|te 
was refuined, and it. was, ^ut, to the Qiie|KoB«; 
Whether the Lord: Tre^ucer ,b« woithy '^f Qmri 
fure in regarij of this vfhole Ch^gCi, both- |bit tta»r 
three, i^argkins, and for jiqt fupi^yiog the Office (f'' 
the Ordnance.? And genciraVy.a^^, Tabeo«»*> 
fured.' ■ I 

. *■ T^eHoufe waaagainodJQ^inKd •lii^lh'^iM.'* -i 
*'AtidMr. Attorney'nad ^,^ of tb« Charge) 
i^ainlt the Lord Treatuneri.-w^. That' dW'.Ltwd.'. 
Treafurer, lieing Mafter of ^ Wards, did,' Atmi. 
pamiti't i62it, caufe the InftruiUons, fet fOcth fcy 
hisMajed)^, in Anna i&iS, for the wcU-ordwngi of( 
the Court ^ Wards, to be altered, ^nH ^ler^^fUl'. 
of the Officers, by the Mifinfo^pifid^n of his $A**''. 
jefty ; whereby he hath take^ the P.^titions .firdM ^ 
the Clerk of, that Court,. and appioptiatied thfM> 
unto himfclf and his Secretary ; .Aqd that-hii Loi^ii 
(hip having. to himfetf concealed Wardihi^, :hb) 
Viay eafily make Wjirdlhips concealed ]>y ^e^^^pwfc 


uip hath dpuUcd thie Fttf ft* CoatimfsOtctn pf ..'*^ 
iiiveritfy a^ made ft StMoBp and cldirened the fame 
to Us Secreury, wbo hadt ftwnped dicfcvith in 
ithr Abfenoc of the Mafter^ Tenders, CpntinumcMi 
Waaum to the Great Snd^ Gtwi* of Wivd^pi 
«6d Leaie^ Indentures of Liveriea, C^n 
. * And their Lord&ipa canfiderintt ttist it wai 
Irt proved by die Examlnulon of WitiM|0«s^ thot 
dto' SacRtary wai appcokted to t^« wiy Fees for 
fhe laii}- Pbtitioiit, either fw lum(iif_ or for tfie 
Lord Treafurer { nor that the Lord TrcaOuw had 
•flMde^aiqr Bauit to hiaMf fcc coAcsiId Warilt 
^ virtM itf the bid arv Infituftiww t Therefove 
mail {igirJfcips thought his Ixitdlhip not ccnfuraUe 
Idr tkah two Poims of bJ9 Cbatge. Sut «6 tou^^ 
d^ the doidding of Fea of Contiouancn vf li#* 
wriae,- tfaey diougbt hb Lordfltip wtirthy to be 
ttuifiucd both in rt£pt£t <tf die Qrieraoce of the 
Sabjna, and of Ita Lord&ip's An^rer unfo the 
tuacy tttz. It it Ot MiHg'i GnK$ i» thi PttpUt bt 
Omtpt^/ir k.' 

' Ahd-hr dut he daliv«rqd aStamp uatohiaSp* 
•cflRafjr, iiiimatf fa« committt^ the great Truft, - 
upetai m- hfaD by hJa Mncfty^ unto hi^ Servant* 
mt- deigning to Itgn the Petitions, Lis^^t tad 
Hfmmalay t* the Octet Sc^ i««tlt hiff ovu Hud, 
thdr Lordfliips thought him worthy to be Ughlj 
cenAucd iot the finio' 

* And tfaenepoB t&e Hoidc beiog refutaed, the 
Qpofbop m* But, WJKdter ^ Lord TtPafttnsr 
saCcRfiiieiifGfi^heivMeC^Hgeor ooi 
w,J^i0inu» taU nvfmi for 

Aiof 13. After readiiu a private Bill .oT -ttn>* 
lh« Lonli AtdBMi ihe<WldlMiHUfiier mt the 
Sisijeant at Amu, attending on tju* Hmifet to 
iuaanem the jEni ^MiUbfix, jLvd TrwTurrr of 
AijioM^ nr i^pear pttdbncly iboiwc tMt Lc4d- 

v«L. VI. li a»» 


-.566 5V P'arUamenidry 'i\i^t ovi-t 

n;i»->niwL" The ■Warrant was figned by the Lord JCwpei"* 
* '*^ ■ and delivered to the GentfcmaD Uflwr. . 

- ■ The Houfe bring adjourned ad- Libitam, the 

- tllerk read the Heads of (he fix Charges ^ainft 
. Itie Lord Treafurer, and the- fix- feveral Votes oi 

the Houfe which were Yefterday poft upon the 

' And their Lordflrips having duly confidered up- 
OT the Proofs of Bribery, ExtortiOTis, Oppreffiom, 

' Wrongs and l^eceits, objefled againft die Lord 
Tnrafurer, found the fame to be moft appaready 

' proved. 

And, as to the Allegations of the Lord Tieafib- 
rer ofhis godd and prohtaUe Services to the King ; 
in the Refot^ation of the King's Houihold, of dae 
KaVy, t>f the Wardrobe, atid the Kingdom of /rr- 
iand^ their Lordfliips entring into Draate thereaf,' 
it was made manifeft to them, by many Particulm 
then dedai^. That, as touching the Reforaixtion 
of the King's Houfhold, Wanlrobe, heUmJ^ Hcy 
the Lord 'Ttzaivia, had deferved very ill df hii' 
Majefty ^ and, as touching the -Navy, thoitg^ his 

- £ordlbip was biif a Commiffionet with others, 
who Were more fkiffttl, 'and did more Geod than 
he, yetj he afTumed to himfelf thc-wbole Glory 

' Aercof j arid his Manner was fo todo, in «H other 
' Biifinc6 wherein his Lordfhip and. dfaeni were 

The Lords alfo confidered of the Lcrd T^eafu- 
-#tr'3 AUegitioh ofhI» advancing the Exchange of 
the King's Money j fent to the PaiatiMtei for ftij- 
ment of the King's Forces there ; and it appeami 
tinte tbem plainly. That his Services therein de- 
ferved no fuch Refped, as bis LordOilp affimMd 
unto himfdf i the Soldiers of Frmieniait being yet 

T^n theKosfe beiiig lefiiined^.tbefiritQue- 
ftion was put, 

I, Whether thr Lord Trcifilrer, in regard of 
&UiSb MifilemdiAdrE proved againft him, fliali lofe 
all his Officts wKich he holds in the Kingdom, or 


5/^ §NgLaKDi iof 

!.IttraiunMipuluAya0W«df Ti$^liitQM)aii}<AA^*tJim1* 
U»em all. ' ■ ^*»*' 

. TheftcbrtdQyfftiotii, .„. ,. , 
. II. Wbether the Lord Trcafiiny .l&aU fpr eveft 
hereafter, be Incapable. 0|f uty .Officii J'lace of 
^njpjojrment} in cbe StaK or Common- Wealthy or 
, -Ifo.? . 1 .. . j. . ' , . , , . 

Agt^i That h<fliduid be incapable of* cfiemaUi 

'Hie tWtd QiieftioBi , . , , 
,, HI. Whether he. fliall b« iaipr^ohed Iii.the 
^«wfr QiLm^y during his M^eny's Fkafufej or , 

Nof ■ ■ 

^ :A£Ke<li ^pi loiprifbhinehti 

The fourth Qucftion, . , 
V IV. Whether tt|e Lord TrpMurei; for thcfc Of- 
fences fliall ■pxf a. Fine ts the Kingi or Ho ? 

Agreed to a Fine; 
^, But then the Houfe was adjounjed, ^d l^iit^mi 
-Tliat the L^rds might mor^ freely difcufs.what 
.fine to impofe on the Lord T[e|iuieri And, be^ 

The fi^ Queftion was put b^ tUeLordJCe^ver, 
. V, WItethef a.Fine,^^o,6o6A befuffidentto 
be,iinpof«l on the hofi Tiea&ircrj or No i 

Agreed to this Articles 

The f«th Queftion, . , , 

VI. Whether he giall, hereafter, fit in Parlia- 
ment, or No? 

' Agreed, That he Ihall never fit again in Pariix- > 


; The feventh QgeOioai ,, . , , 

VII. Whether the Lord Tfeafuro- fliall come 
iipldiin-the Verge of the Coprt, or l4o ? ^ 

Thefe QueAions being all put and agreed tOi the 
whole Cen&ure againft him vns drawn up in Form* 
■ (ead by the Lora Keeper, and paiTcd by a general 
VofeoFthewholerfoufe. " " . 

Then a Meflage was fent to the Coininohs, bjr 
i^. Secjcanl: Crtw and Mr. Attorney General ^ That 
the Lords were now ready to give Judgment agaii^l 
the ILord Treafiirer, if they, widi their Speaker^ 
will cotqe and demand the fame. 

V 1 Jn/mr. 


368 Tie PitrhtiutiMy His 7 otir 

a.*>>«Kili j6ifiatf. Thatthey ^i^ attrady pwfi ww iy , uthe 

- ***^ Manned it, 

Accordinglj, ^cLorda btmg atl in AnrRijbes, to , 
dteKun^rof (ixty-tms vi%. riic Prince of f^tltSf 
the Lord Keeper, the ATchbiOiop c^ Cmaerburu 
twrdve edier Bifliops, with forty-feven Earls, Vi(^ 
counts^ and Barona, the Lord Treafurer was brouglK 
IDHieBar, bydicGtntfeinantJAerandtheSe^iit 
at Arms j when his Lordfhip making a low Reve- 
rencei iheeled, until the Lord Keeper willed him 
le ftand up. Tht Conuwns ca«e in with dieu- 
Speaker, and the Segeant attending him let down 
bit Mace, vriien the ^leaker addrflOed iiindl^ to 
the Lords as follows : 

* The Knights, Citizens, and Burgeltes in this 
. * Parliament aJ&rnbled, have, heretofore, tranl*- 

* mittcd, unto your L<M^Uhips feter^ Offences 

* againft' ^ Rtghc Ifenoun^le Ziww/, En4 of 

* MiMtfexy Lord High Treafitrer of £>%Im^ for 
' BnWf , ExWitiom, Oppre^m, and etbwerie- 

* vous Mirdemeanon committed 1^ his Lerdu^; 
' and now the Commons^ by nrie their %e&er, 
< demand Judgment a^nft hint fer the bmt.' 

Tbe'Lord Kxk^ anAvvred, litis Alg^ OaeK 
«f Parliament doth adjud^, 
ke Scntciice ^lat Lionel Earl of, Middlefex, ms» Lk4 Trea- 
.u4iud..i j^ ^England, Jbclt hfi 4>U his O0ts wbith be 
beUi in this KiMgitm ; ^md fyli, htre^krj be mtSit 
• huapa^ sfanj i^e, Ptaa, or Ett^byMewt i* d>e 
State and C*tim«it-Weabb. 
' Tbet heJhaU be in^finid in tht Tamr t/hohAioa 

String tie Kin^s PUafure, 

n^ be fiaU pof uati mr Sovereign Lord the Sl^ 
erMne»f%OyOOOl. ' 

That bifiall never fi in ParUamtnt anif nure. ' 
AmlAat be fiiaU nmtr ame luHHnthe Verge if ^ 

We have met with a Story, quoted in an AuAOr 
Of very good Credit (f). That the Lord Akw, if- 

C/} Fajft Mlffid^Ma ParHemiMarie, IftOiFK&ttiv 


tfr he was fifatenced in Parliamentt nMtlng «ft)i A>. m Jmm >• 
Sii Limfl Oanfield, whom King 7«Mi had. then. '*^ 
newly iBa4e Lord Treafunr ; Lofa Bacmi having 
firft ccqtgt^tulued his Advancement to ft mlitneBC 
a Plar» of Honour &n\ Trnfl, ' tiM him, betwoen . 

J eft and Earneft, That he vould jrcQiiuBerid ta 
is Lordlhip, and, ui hiiB) to all other ^at Of- 
S/»rfi of the Crown, dfie cof^enble Ruls to be 
OaceAiUy obfervod ; Which w» to 

Rtmtvlhtr PtirHamtnl v/t/l caim. . 
' 'We d^ not bell«fe bis Lfwdflup had the Spirit of 
Piviottioninhiin, though the Event ihewcd fooic* 
what Ukc it, and veriiied the fiuniliu' Sajing of the 

. TTtct IV St^jtfit tfmigh never fi ptUtU andfuitUt 
^vtr wnfitntei tr jufilei xvith the Law y Et^iland, 
hm tk fame l<itu, in she Snd. iitfaBBh bnh bit 


rQne InftMf ce of rile Tnitfi of Ods Maite M }tift 
iriwtl^ftrihltB^I iJMtlCKm^Xt I»Ae£iiid~ Some Aca>«nt o? 

M^ifs wVo» J-obi-alowBeginDoig, wu» ^^^^^t^^^ 
«ffi4nAtQ|i^M[inma<caBtih^A8airs, nilHuiiiit t^ Mi^^^ 
7;Ue. rndtoimt of Ae^MgheftlPofts m dw King* 
doQ. Jfesnsi^e Son <a n^iuu Ow^MJ, EtM 
bitf W93 .no.Buue ^iMn a X««bit.Mttdiiat'bnnfdf t 
•*M» hVing'ibrcd up. in the Cuftom'Htfufe,- 'wks 
lot^Kf apoa as a &t loftniment tojdetoft thcxPnudi 
tn thol^-Ofices. - The Kii^, in his taft Spaedh M 
theLcHda, bath givenanAccouptbow he-wa(.ui> 
Motbtced to Court, and by nfaat Stops 'hexofi; n 
lbftJ|ctghttofi>ifuddcn)y&U from; and,i^vrlHt 
llM Mai^f^tio/b, on that Speech* then aMght b« 
«MHfh:>Mdltce!ai|d Cnvy in hi* Profikuticti. . 

Mt.R^pitt,iiiMXgeath,ePrin.ea6{ifiVeiMiiDa\Bt , 
tf'Bttciitg/tcm iiwA * Gonf^ncy to nil) 'the 
Treifurer, for itftiilng them, at Tiims, th« txM* 
Intant Stom tbej; demanded «dipn in Sfttin : That 
diey made Vfc ^ their Credit with the FaiUaOwM 
ibr that Purpofe* and caufiai him to he ac c u fc dj if 
Hunt Creaturet, of Miiinanageinent in the Dif- 
diarge of his Office (g). 

■ U 3 , This 

ft) KlMjvlKi^uJ, ytl,H. i-iji. F>>l.£dit. 

ji^ The ■ParSaf^tnfary'H'iiroK^ 

\m. i.jiwMl. This Hint our Author has' ftrorigly imprtwe^' 
'SH* from ff^tjt"^ *nd Lord Chrmdm ; T'hc former 
^ys, * The Duke of Bttciwgham, remembering 
how the Lord Treafurer repined at the Monie^ 
{peat in Spaiuy and hit Comportment to him lince 
his Return, refolyed to bring him down from that 
Height he had [Jacfid him in:' And the latter, 
f That the King w" againfl the Profccution of 
the Treafurer, b^' an Impeachment ) becaiife he 
forefaw, that th'ofe Kinds of Partiainentary Pro-; 
c«edii^ would fhiike the -Royal Authority, in the 
Choice of his own Miniftefs, when the^ {tioura 
find that their Security did iiot depend, folely, upon 
his own Proteftion ; which Breach, adds the Noble 
Hillorian, upon his kingly Pbwer, was fo much 
"Without aPrecedent, that, except one unhappy-one, 
BUde thrcs Vears-bffcEc, to gratify likewise a pri- 
vate Difpleafure, [Lord Bacon he means] the like 
bad not been praflifed in very many Yedrs. The 
- Kif^ told the Duke, ^ That he was a Foot, and 
was makiitg a ^o4 for' his own Breed) j' and the 
Prince,; i ^faat he would live tc> have hjs Sellyfiilt 
of Parliamentary' Impeachments th):' Botlf whic)i 
win be found prophetically true in the Sequsl.— 
But, in this Cafe; after all, the Guilt oclnnbcencs 
of.thp Accufed, muft be left to the Readfir'-s 
Jttdgnient, by the Circumftance of the Trial : 
However, it feenu very, plain that the Duke ol 
Bmckinghamy who, as the King takes Notice firft 
introduced him to the Court, did, at leaft, defert 
him upon his Trial ; otherwife tliere is no Roqot 
to fuppofe that the Profecution would have been 
farried on fo vigoroufly, or the Sentence liave been 
^ udainimoiis and f() Kvcre againft him, 

WfaechoF^c King remitted the Fine, ot any Part 
of it, isiinceitavi; but.hisLordfliip'livediDany Years 
^ter this Difgrace, and died in a'goo^ (^ Age, in 
the Year 1645, leaving two Sons, who both iuc- 
^eefied bim in Yak Title of Earl of MiJdUfix j but 


|s thought pioptTt in didec to give fome futther • *^-'-' 
Acf^ount of a Man, ttereto^^^afcer.kiKiwii'iii - 

May i^. A, Committee of Loi^sv^s appplnto) ' 
by.^e Ho(il^ to attend the Kin^ an J to ^acquaint - 
bifa with the Judgment awarded by the Loris againi^ 
the Earl qlMimfix, late tord Trcafufer of ir«- . 

flandy and to (leliFe his Majefty to take^pay th? 
tafFand the Seal of the Court gf Wards from him. 
Ordered idfo. That the Kiiu'sCounfel do dmr 
up '3 Bill; and prefent the ^me to Aa Houfei^' 
tO' make tiie S^ids of the Eart of MdJkfim- 
liable unto his Debt! ; unto his Fine to- the Kiagt 
iiMo Accoanti to the King hereafter ; amd to Re- 
iHttition to fu<A whom he had wronged, as flt^ll be 
flowed by the Houfc -'-r-This Bill afterwards , 

poAbd into' a Law ; but not with that Unanimity, 
in the Lower Houft, as,4Q the Trial before the' 
Lords i for, ujxSi the (hird reading thereof in d»' 
Cotnimom, it was carried by 2 Majority loF but- 
thirty-fa Voices (i). 

The fame Day- the Kfliop of -A^«rw(£i:befeughlTlMC«niaaa* 
die Locdi' to reinember dw Mefi^e fiwn: the: Com- C aji wn >^^ 
mons, on the 8th Inftant, for a Conference ti>«eh-.;«^Jjf|j**' 
ingtbme Ac^uftiion agaiilft bis Lordjlup, wbkJi 
their Zjordfliipa then difenied, by realm of tb» 
Thinnefi of the Houfe ; and 4^md them to ap> 

. (il Di^itb hjtie mt buried.ta St. MittaiFi Clup«!,r»'9<*»- 
pir Abbe;, aai hw piei) ui ibc E'pituph oo tk MoonnnM. Bf 
ooc Dtpreffioa in it. the Family fcem to be deSroni to *ij« rf ibt 
■OSmnof Jd»Ttiila»JSeBWilce{ .TV-W""!' "wthdlS-ift***- 
l |»eratiiig hit Twioui PiefcnDcnts ud Title | 

^—Hintrii/aitrt IiroHif wmni aidtrf^ . .. . 1 

■ -RaiSPrhB^.di-mxStapimfVtfhamlm > ' -V. 

•tanfrnKiaa N(aifrapU ^natmt,ftJMta 
BitmiftitjimbtraniaRtlnU, . ^ '. 

■StrtnSndhdiiOiiir^^aial, atflramli 1 . * .. - 

DurJaltt Bmnmtpi y«I. |I.' ^..44^ ' 
(l)rOBtBeQM%BorbiiriiutbaBiI1, Sir, FrMnt Fax Aol Sir 
^aitii Sijiuu; were Tetjeri fn llie ■{ii. S9 1 Sir Francii tarrii^- 
U» uid Sir MitI Baritt, Sai the r<*, li^ 



■*^ fiMy oeavraiehdy maf i ¥heitiipon a ConuniMCB 
I at he, and the other JLoraa uk 

agaunt me xan u anMmnr. 

hten, to Tiiira to i»e lo^^iifM 

I m ttu MaJ<% AJ^fAKHidi 'fto 

RtPflttofiCw' -.Abj-tg- A ^«P<«t:«ani»*, b^th*A»'s***- 

fntnce tbfif- {^e^ <i( CMl;fr6my, : tj. a CfMiicrtmse vi^ fh« 
■t>°°> OtARUoM, touifhiiig n-CotapHRtJigv^ rthe:^-. 

lh<9itf jiAmKdft, iotti«.'^^: 

fiAiliiittsigfiiift dw&iiltbdrd Bilbc^ by dtCCili^ 
aiin-«f.J6rtM:&ji Ah4r-(eftewlhMic,«at«Hd»> 

QotenAs.tS At Ghurch, diyttfi Kjtow^.^ Pv-. 

^tttfiilt wf_ SS^h. U, ;toltho u ««.TW". wttiel^'- 
wcre cite^ to iTatisfy tacit Objc£»c Wmk-an'r 
-dHoigi^'a-.Gadf^of daqltiAtttte.' ' 

«iiri^6>5<M«hEN^ ^A-ArForfMioeiv' 
- il.-1 ^E^iiitlaiAiiti ti(X9;ret i^ i^ theQlwdia^ 
AlMnc of the J^a^' ^^ fluttering over the Font ^ 
that 9 Miirb)e Tomb was pulled down, and Ima^ 

llpt <^'it|i^i^>c>in«'ai£B the BHhop l^^fedifaaot 

fR. ThiC ke pnlHAtd tfaofc i^ {»*^ •*« 
towards the Eaft.' 

IV. ' Thf t *e punUhed a MinfiSer «* ciitechN. 
fiiu; hjs Family, and fingjmg of P^Mi.' 

V, ' That he irted Extortion inanj Wayi.' 
yt. * That1iedidiiot«nterInftitudoiu*iotiMi 

rraddfCe ofniXntt). 

^To the firft Article It was faW, Thst-ihtre 

were thirty-four Cbuidiei in Ntrwiih; t/t &oli 

' Parilhcs 


Y ENGL AN©. 311 

Piriflm ^ or 40,000 People : That the Lord Bi- *»• >> Jmh 

pintl^KHr thcPieachcfs, W t^e Apparitors, and ***^ 
fpmfl(tni, There was aoWpeA ofPrcachii^ on 
SiUti^ i)i. the Ferenoog, except in the Cathedn^ 
Chitfoi ^ alAough tw« or three thoufand could oa-s 
hr hCtttbpre t many ^weHiiw three Q^aiten of a 
sfi&t a^y aAd many were old, and not able. Sat 
fhdr Age, to come fo Eu-,* 

, * That the Inhihition was vil/Ma the King hid 
cJlAiInatidcJ inora Preachijig, ^t his LortUbv ^^o"' 
i^«d it Rcculaius, 'all which wat the diiflieartco- 
iilK JfTtbt; good 'ProfclTcirs. It oiay be allowed 
of%fit£chiziiK;Vf1u, noPreaching nect^&ry: But 
tft-^qtinjM>dcd to aflchare Qucfifona, and nothing 
elft } 'trge^ no In'Iini^ons,' 

'That this i«-d«oe ag^uoff the Canons oi the 
Ohbnih, pti S^t dfecrf is no Obedience without^ 
Kvd^edge.' T%e outward Man is not conform-* 
edj'ttrdells ftfe utwar3'Man1>e«rforaicd) and dtcd 
the Canoi^ '^tungm-trntri/laverk DaOi^tm Vtri- 
fifisfeaattiiCirriJIumi with the Canoiij s Jt'c^ 
(!W.A5. for cd^ndtanSng Preaching.* ^ 

^* ForQie%£«fl44ouc]^;tkcfeKii^U£ofIniag,es. 
** '^ Iras &id te 1w a«inft AQs of Parliwnot, 

irtfb^-the CariOnsor £e Canv«catton, die Book 

^OWfedintlwTimeDfJ^ym. a«B«.VIlI. 

<2$.^0. ^iiASmage^Kbp'iinages, ar<. mIbA 

tte^ 3?rf. Vl. a*d die Momifies apprtred, 

te foAiacriiigTinagM in Churches.' 
■ .■* The rt/rif, rorPrMcr to the Eaft.' 

■* Which Vratiati affirms- ramc by Tniditian, 
Pavf I, /)«r. ji. And that it is fupff^ftitkns, 
ZtmvBoS in (he GIopi, tii. i. Y!t. dt ftriisy Nan- 
^if^rtjivti^ia Omtaiem, i^c. That<he BiOiop «- 
cqmnniiijcatod <nut^y« aodcnjwiied Penaooe uoto 
divert, (atft^i/in^ tolhe £aA ; and ibme did tbor 
Penance wi^) a wlfhy Hod in <their IJind i the 
proof thereof .is iKi4ir the Bishop's Hand.' 

,' * One Aa{, -a Minifter, catechized bis Fanil^, 
'^and tiing PKhiK, his ^^i^kbotOs oemiag in, of a 
S^nda^ after Erenirtg Prayers. The Bifliop en- 


3H" The Parkametaa^ Hi IT oi.Y 

a. ss'Jimaf. joined them to do Pcrtanee, for this their refortihg ' 
•***■ to catechize and fing Pfalins, andto fay» I nnftfi ' 
mj MrrerSj &c. which Acknowledgement is iiiider 
the Bilhop's Hand. They who r^ufed, were ex« ' 
Communicated, uid paid 7/. Charges. And' it vns,_. 
particularly obCerved by the Commons, that (biv 
Peci was a conformable Preacher.' 

' Fifihfy, Touching Extortion.' ' ' , ' 

•It was (hewn, That, indieTdSleofFees, ther?.^ 
is fet down, for Inflitution 241. 81^ whereof to. 
the Btfhop loi. Thatthis Lord Bilhop is Re^cr . 
atlb, and now himfelf, taketh, for Inftitubon, ' 
3/. 51. and, for united Churches, double j and 
that, ammatttbut Jnnisy there are an huiidr^ Inf^-* 

* For Admiffion into facred Ordbrs, nodiina, 
ihould be taken ; if any, It is Simoitif: Yet this'Bi- 
ihop taketh now 29 or 30 /. the Bifhop and RcgV 
fier bffing all one. To ferve Cure, ' 5 1. is due ; t^ 
Ukes 61. id. To teach School, $t. ^. is due'; 
hetAabs. Sd. and, if of Ability, lot. For every 
Conltgnatjon of a Decree j^d. which cOmes to 3*. 
ptrAnnufPt forwhtch there fhould'be nothing pai^} 
«o Confignation being on the Tabic, but fet dowq, 
in ArchbiQiop Wbitg^s Time, in another Hand.* 

* Sixthly^ Touching the entering of Inftitutions.' 

* That the Inftitutions to Benefices are not rc^ 
giftcred ; . which overthrows the Patronages, if 1^ 
be returned Scmtatis Arcbivtf mn fmrmitur, whfn 
the Right comes in queftion ; yet the Fees ^re 
greater than before.* ' 

The Commons concluded with th^ two ^ei 

* The^;y?, TTiat they recehrcd dils Complaint 
before Eafitr laft ; yet they proceeded not in the 
Examination thereof till they received a Certilicate 
from.the Mayor of Naraiich' 

* The ftttnd; That none ftaU be punifhcd for 
Complaining in Parliament.' 

• This Report being ended, the Bifliop of Uanmtk 
flood up in bis Place, snd ax^wercd dtc fiune to this 

' ■ ef E N G-L AN D. "'■' 315- 

» Flrfit ttis Lordfliip tohfcffed die Cfta^^'^n ** •« Jtamfc- 
(he faid Complaint to be fo gitat-and grievous, th'it '"♦" ' 
(»erc he guilty theraof, ■ he would deAre, himfelf, to 
jie punilned : But, whether he be ^ilty, tyt not, *rbeBaW of 
he will leave to' their LonKhipa exaA and (evixe Norwicti'i xttt . 
^xahtination i wherein Tie- defired thcmnet to fparefw^- 
)>im, and he would ■ nw acknowledge and com-?*', 
mend theiF Juftice and Honour.' - -: - 

' His Lordftiip proCefled be was no way guilty' 
of the fait Pa»t of das ■ Accusation j if He wer«i. 
that he wias Unworthy to bear the Kame of s 
Cl«tgyeian. ' He JhewMl^he Vnworthinefs of fiich 
as Ihould difliiearteti Preachers from preaching the 
WoidofGod. His Lordship fbewed alfe, defeing 
firil that he might not be taxed with Oftentation, 
k(8 OWR Prai3ace -iir^ivBAckiiig, vhilft he was Vicar 
And ^arfoil : That he preached «v«iry Sal^ath 'm 
the Morning, asvi catediized in the Afternoon j 
Md that' be cMitiniied die like Preaching whilft he 
■was Bfihop of dnchtjkr: That in Nsrwcb he never 
toifled the piAtGc Place-, Atid ever pre»che4 there a^ 
gainft Pfipoy} though be had t)ficn an unprofitable, 
yet bt faadnoc ^oeea as idle Satytht} which wh 
aom his only Comfort.* 

' -* As toudiing Preaching ud Nqn'-nfidence, h« 
kad been ndconcd more than half a Puritan : H« 
tt(d tbtm of his ManasF cS livingi and his leaving 
die Ardibifhi^ of Camterbmyt Service that lie might 

~ fO to bis iDure, He wonderod why he &ould be 

. thoi^t z P-afttft ; he thought it might be owing to 
\ua iJiTpuhitions, and his bennoRs at Paul's Crafty 
ftn I^cdeftinotion n^ative, unadvifcdly preached by 
litn; for which bt was cbecit^ by Archbilhc^ 
•fH^ilgiftj and coBim^iM to pnnch no more' of it { 
imd be Aever did, though Dr, JUoly late Bifhop <^ 

< iSdrwn, iiath fuice declaiad in Print that which he 
. Aan Mea^hcd to be no ^0^^,' 

* That Ptp^ry u a-- Fire tlm will never be quiet, 

- be hath pieadied a thoufand Sermons ; and nothing ' 

of P«p*ry can be imputed to kim out of any of them, 
'That rijoe wwe Rivera Obftades to keep him from 
ftpmy ' 
■ - ■ I. ' The 

jifi. Ht^P^lim^ofy :JH r-s TO R r 

)^ IiiMd^P 4ffinn«d, Tlut ao Ponmr «b Eardl caa 
twch VPrjnce^ And tlwiififcrc he itbhoiTetl dw U- 
fuKpMioa of 4be i'^^ -over ¥aiKfis,' 
%, *■ Their Rdigion is die^ in ^lood.' 
3. * Th«.[»a£[icCourrcofttieirK£li£ionisaIlbjr 
ju(g]ipg«QdfeigncdMiraclni of which bisLwdihip 
' ba4 writ a Book agvi^ft tbemt which ^a» never as 
ytK aRfwcfitd^ Thjit he .tuv«r l^aice with Pri^ or 
T<fiti^ qor n^ver invited a known Recii£uit to his 
XaWe; for they never fi^ .Am* to our Pray«s.*. 
, 4. * ThM their £«]U)v«cMioflS'tre thclaft^ werfe 
UkMi which flo^ng canhsi hU Lectitflup heU it 
imich hettcc to tab; ati'witb th^ Deril ^w iritk 
Ij^Ot^ , TM JiP jKpf«AMiitwiifelf . ep be .^ «!«. Mem- 
her j<^ this Ciwnh, 4«d 3|ek«Qvri(4ttd thi f;^^ 
(^S^fjM.t»«MaQ.emi>QA'tQ^6.|i^mft .Th« 

t^, ^ilV'Soft Af A%iftu«iiB MrifMii^vl h «c* 

pouxid, iatlKirown''CburdMKt-bQ6M'tJWvAtrgMia 

tilfvpm «th«r :nN»4>ML«hvfii.avQaiiMS«>i^.j^ 
(heChu«iib>h4ve.tKtt1Br«HlK«r) Mimi^Mt 
tenuaon tft rtbur S«(tiicnk . Xhe iPmiAMif -idmi* 
Mvt» ifmind iKmiU lrei|n.Ai%:jl«ine wOling to A* 

yUteanttin'-vnd' M--j^^W«elHp^ i.wd-;^^ 

WiA«M^ Difordora i^bqmh* ;iri)tfitifth<t7'^«Mnib- 
■d;t :is:thc.cutti4g:Ag;-£su!t«ri)* fttfnrs^ «r;tMr 

^ MUttnoD lPjueE!> 4*<hlbe -Jilrt i . wd jltw^ te- 
^u^ hiaJUnUM itt>::onte4^ ^, tbtottfe'.dtlwf* 
hei^ ftipendiuy Me]^viiWtcl«th;t0,4».-Jt, ^iMh 
M>)k, iaigfedvtarfi^WftMtl^aMtii^ hP fent 
' ^ than W an Q9iSft,,smi vUled tlmn t» «9it 

tJMfe £xp(4tioii8iniheFD»aoiWi Aad ]NCh«)«i 
finceitolEcn CMacAa ihtfcreOing «f.thaM! S^moas 
in the autH remote ||iuts qT the City frm tlte 
4 Cadie- 

e/ B N G L A N D. 317 

-GiithflAral Ckurch » ud be ^fe haderefted manj^Ao. njimtth 
LefturM to fcveral Placea of the Counmr.' **" 

III * Aa touching the Images in a Church.* 

* What idhfiaMe was done without his Know- 
ledge ; it vm jneuit St. Peter't Chttrch : TMi 
fais Lordfhip never faw that Church till one Even^ 
ing as he- came by t and being inforaied of nuich 
Coft done Upon it, he went in, anj IcneeM iawtk 
to bis Prayers, as his Ufe was. When he rtXe upjt 
uid pCTcdvcd that they had beftowed very great 
Coft, and not feeing or knowing of any Image ft 
all Mt up dt«-e, he faid, Gvd's Bie^g' oM tbeir 
Heartt that had btftnoti fitcA Cs/f m Gntr 

u^.' ■■■■•' J -^ 

111. * Aa toilcbing lawyers to tJtr E^! 

* He never enjoinra it, nor heard of tt ttH now'.' 
Vf. * For die fourth Part of his Comntaim : 

* He perceiyed that he fa«d been fitted tqrotrgtt the 
«4ittte Goarfe of hi* Uffe; Aat dus Pnk was ferit 
W bhd hy the Tufiice* of lf(e Peace, ftw kettrinR 

-"* " - -isCat 

M Affimhlr Met at Night at hi) Houfe t lis Cate- 
Abrsbig Ilehtg but a Colour W draw them thither. 
That this PetihtA infeAed the PaHfti with flrange 
Opiniom ; at not to luieel yAnea they came lo 
Church; thatthe Name of.^f^ iano morc-than 
ai eoMHon Name, and ■fbax k n ^perftition to 
Ikw d«wn « ie. His lordOHp 4ftmKd diat t)Ui 
P^li ha4 formerly been eontidul oftfoncanfor- 
mity, jtmh 1615 rt r6i7; alfo, for%»<tnyxtid 
Convcfttieies in his Nti^Aoia's Houfe, a» appears 
by m Aa in the Rei^fter.' 

* That Aimt 1621, he was tdten te Mm ktnife 
WiA Wvn^'two of his hfeig^)tKmr», ' it ft CcRi7en> 
ftcki that he was tben boiffld over by a Juffice 
and &iou^ to his Lordftip, and his SoittrtCf 
wainil him was, only, tbit ne fiioufd- ct>ilft5 hit 

' The others, inentl9ne4 in thj? Part'of dl» 
Cbarge, were puniiho} for their Opinions allb| 
making noMfcrence between an Aiehooftand the 
<;hHrch, till tho Preacher was in the Ptilplr. He 
did, he fnuftconfels his Fault, 'that iff the Pt- 


3i8 Ti*- Farlhminf^y.iinao^if 

Ab^.is juDN I. nance which be fi^oined^ he caided tbfm to C9r(? 
- i6»4« fefs their Errors, omitting their KeCifit to Coovetff 
tides, which he did at their own euneft Suit/ 

V. * His LordihlpabVoluteljHtaUtbatheim- 
poTcd any Fees, and alJiTmed that fli ha4 not an^ 
of thole Fees which were complained <tf; only, 
the Fees for Inftitutionj which he took 3g his Fre- 
decefibis did. If therein he had committed any 
Error, Erravimut cum Pairiaui % and denied that 
he had ever Teen that Table of Fcea whidi is fpoke 
of by the Commons.' _ , 

VI. * His Lordfh^ affirmed. That he had re- 
giftred all theXnllitutions.' 

When the Bifhop had ended his Defence^ his 
Koyal Highnels the Prince ftogd up.aad told him^ 
'* That he had not anfwered concerning the Pva- 
phrafe of xh.e CaUchifm which he had taken xfny. 
To which the Bifhop replied, ' That the Preachers 
ufed to chufe a Text fiosL the Cretd, &c.. and tcr 
afk the Child fome one QudUon, antl then to di- 
late very liuig i|pon it, but never dofcended to tbd 
Capaci^ of the Child. That. ha did not.fiwbid 
, the Explanatioo, but ordered that it {houM be ^oni 

We may liippofe that the Lords were .very wiJ> 
; ling to be rid of this Affair, for an Order is otter- 
ed, immediately after the BUbop's Anfwer, * That, 
in refpe^ of the Shortn^ fsof Time and die Mul' 
tiplicity of Bufinefa, now depending to be deter- 
mined, the Complaint of the Commons* agaitiA 
'die' Lord Bifhop of Ntrwith, referred td 
the I^gh Commiffion Court, to be examined by 
them; and they to make Repott thereof to the 
Houfe, and then the Houfe will judge of it.' 

The fame Day the Bifhop of Norwich exhibited 
a Cam[daint to the Houfe againfi one 27vfl»Tf £»;f«^ 
- Clerlf. 

'That whereas the faid Thomas Stehi had prc- 
HfCMipliiatM^c'^c'l a Pecidon to ±e Houfe of Coimnons s^infi! 
die Lord! ig^oft his Lordlbip, for excefSve Fees, pretended to \e 
y°.^^™** taken by his Lordfhip, and for other Grievances 



^ feNGL A NO. p^ 

iitttan taentione4 1 [ie adenowladg^ thuProccad- AM.n Jmw I. 
,Mpi^tfae£ud&AiMtobel^^ ukd bumblyfub- ''■V 
< mined himfelf to an Exunination and ftiift Trial. 
- However, he contained that the laid Stgiet had ' ^ 
: fcitt his IjonHhip this Mcflagc : That if he would 
iiiffer a Judgment in the Qourt of Common Pleas 
ifar him, the faid Sttitij to the Archdeacon oiNer- 
filiy dut then Sttkit would profecute ao further 
asinft his lionUhip; othcrwife, he would finoke 
hitn with more Complaints. Moreover, that the 
. faid Sttia reported ttiat his Lordflup did drink a 
Health to Spiiulo, and refufed to pledge a Health to 
.tiie Prince of Orangty fw that the faid Prince was 
aGnieral unto Traitm^. Laft^y, Tba-t Stti^i af~ 
■ filmed his I^wdibip did take tlurty Pounds of eveiy 
;9ae of the A|dideacom when he came AHl to h» 
See. All irtuch his Xjordlhip affirmed to be ialfe.' 

'Hiis Coi^Uiitt, with the Witnefics the Bilhop ''n\ch u idtf. 
produced to pnwe it, was referred to the Exami- f^^^ ^"^|^ 
nation of the Archbilhop of Canterhury, who was i^ 
4o make ftcpot theivof to the Houfe for their 
Ju^ncnt of the Matter. 

But we hear no more of this Affair, or the for- 
mer, mtibit yaurKolSj or eUcwhere; for neither 
ff^lAm noc Juffivwrlb mention one Word ctf it. 
'This Bifhap of Ntrwith was Samuel Harfntty wh^ 
Li Nevt tcUs us had been guUtr of ieveial jhaada- 
loos PraAices, wlulft he was Maftcr of Ptmbrah- 
Hall in Caa^i^t (i). By lus Anfwer, he feeois 
to dear himielf .&tHn th^ Cfnunons Complaint a- 
gaiaft him; which, by-the-by, is fomewhat ex- 
traordinary, and woula not have been fuffered in 
tbelaftR^n. .He. came into higher Favour, at 
Court, in the next ^ icg in the Year 1628, he was 
made Archbifliop (MT. Tari. But to return to our 
. Proceed ings- 

.; The lame Day, ftill, a Mellage was brought 
.from the Comiqons to the Lords, by Sir Eekvin 
Samfyfanioii^ny b> this EfFed : 

* That the Knights, Citizens, and Burgeffes, in 

the Houfe of Commons allembledi undiiflanding 

'* . that 


320 ^ Pm^MUmafy Itiit«^ttV 

-te. » >Mi !• Att hia MajH^) PtcB{«re 'is t* {ntt an ^d to tHis 
***^ , Seffion on Aiflv^iq' next, 4k ud^Xstori, «$0M 
■_ , which flwrt TinK« itehher ttttt'Hmiie nor itiiSta 

Ate m k^ ctn perfed dwfe Bnfifieflh whieh ire bc^ft ; the^ 
~ ' « of do humbly defire tfieir Lordftips to J«ErwMi ^^ 
in Ptititioft to hsi Mi^eft^ for « longer 'HAei' 

j)ry?| ■ For tint the Kbtg pattitth^' tiwnrtd 
fiaaw dwir flmni Treaferert, for Ihfe SO^ 41s 
Partfunem, mudt kmgef Tune btth'-fceen Q^m M 
diat BUI than uliial, boMfiiaeylwl rtoPnfbeiteM 
for dw finiaj w bejtby mihy good RU* «An« 4^ 

StttHtthi * For tint Ae IlilAAA of trttti^nAt 
wbidiliad been Ion; ^lorAcTcd, had Hottt^ OMAr 
geneid CoBipIurits uftco' d)«n.i not otuy'lfjr-dK 
Msrc^ts, hut the Cloth(m utdtlfoft tfTlbe 
meiBcr uort« witioi^ ff'wey'iiaye lojtfu X niK^ 
. dKf hope To to^o c oim ii ft drt Cf AM iFflMllt ^ ad- 
nnt^eM?, to die Kia^-f*rofiti and J^Oonteai 
iNRh to the Poormd to Ae Il4cft/ 

was but newly come into their AooTej attS mir 
•Wft nil of ^Mf^ is 7et to )wve aiMfAcrS^adhg.' 

L^/r» * Ft* *» Aey^wftfleribM Aat-AW 
IxMUhl^ faa*eTo mntf Oils, and'oAer Mitten 
«f Wc^bt, u 7«t ifepeiMlingj tint thor Jom ^ Miftg-^ 
MCir theyxM jMllwHi nmi in' n flHMl a vine^ 
WkoiefMC) Mid to keidtluit Atr C o tf ^ ^ondettee^ 
wMeh %aii« hMierto-contiiiaed between Mh Hm^ 
fcs) tBt)f muc iMs-evnoI Kecjatu > ■not iiiieBi- 
hf«o entertain an^ new Matiersiltutnnl^ «i^« 
^hich ve hmm-and Ririy-eo fe MflMd;' 

The M d ft ngen brii^ -wittidniwnj 'tds^HMHR^ 
the Prime ligmfied nnco i3w tferi^ * n%arat Ma 
'«oiimg ftom tfie Kifif , Ms MaWl^-toM hirirAM 
he waa detmniaedto end. this Seffion «n ti/hlrdtff 
nnti and co gBun d c d btt'Highnefe fe to ariwef 
fhan who .fiieuld move to hme ttm^Tlme yah 
long|»). But whtt-his Majdly^waiM do thctrin^ 
vriien-be^hBii he w thefe-RcBfeaB, hisH^me&'&id 
k» luiew not..' -'^Pfaoreupen, the Hdde- hum^r 


§f. .'B ^iCiLA. NDa ; 3.«!j' 

Wrtigbt the PAnftt t» ntovc his Majcfty to giv^ & *• ^J^ ** - 
lof^r Day. •': , \ *"**• ■ 

The MpSkngefs: trd^ifhteivUed in snd anTwer-f . 
«d, ' That the Lords do uke in good Parts their 
'W!i{finenels't6;hi)ld\'9M>4 Cofr^pondency vnib 
tbwi,' ud l(a7c wftigbcd the genera) wd particu' ^ ^ 
lar R^ajens fxpveiTedr for a longer Day of Conti- ' ' 
iiuuice of this ^^B«iT.t But they have received 
fHQt abfcdtite Dire^o*» froih his Maje'Ry for ,thc . 
fMi.'Ofthijii:.SedlaOi.' at<a Day now fo near at 
HiWtdiL -that the^ <t»nitot give the Commons any 
Hfipe of obtaintag s lon^r.' 

' ,Y««, confidwiAgthat his Majefty knew not of 
iiifi^ ^^aibns, , tlietr Lofdfliips hive entreated the 
PrinW'to ioov*.h^(9( a'.lgngcr Day. What this 
wilt pioiiuce th^ ktii>w not ( wherefore their Lord- 
ihips wilt haften the Difpstch of their own Bufi- 
np^,^»ifi(l. the.D^x which bis Majefly hath 1i- 
mi^i^ u mt/ch as, they can, and thev doubted not 
btu-tbs'Cqoi^MiU would'do thd like/ 

. Jlf^iOi The I«cd> Dt^w feemed tabei-in Halle 
ta i»p«dit0 the Bil!B 'ta theirHou^, andtheCom- 
nti^ne fent u^ Ave BiJR from theirs, •along with this 
MeflaQ;e : * That they delire a Conference willi ^ 

their Lordlhips, touching a Petition to the ICing for 
remQunfi.all juftly.fafpe^ed-Jimi/antJ.&wn th^ 
Omces-^';rruft.' ' ,/ ■' 

,;^wec. was ttturnqt. « That they would meet ^j,,^ ^^ ^^ 
th^m pieten^y j bat, bf fore the Lords went to this ^gfea to *t tbi 
Cqnfercnce^ .- the prince acquainted the Houfe, *equ«ft rf tfct 
■ftiai l)is i^ajefty wa8,C9iuent to prolong this Sef- '*™^ 
lioii unto Saturday^ Aiay.ii^, tb that his Highnefs 
would engage himfelf that neither of the two 
Hf^ef. wouj^, entertain' any new Matter in the 
m^Vi Time; and that lie fliould know, firft, the- 
^(fda of the Co^iqxfns therein.' It. was agresd, 
Tl^.this l^fMild.))¥. HiJiButcd to them at ttie 
W^tiflB' ■ ... 

y^The fame;. Day aSlfpQrt W" ™>de by the Arch- 

bi^top of CqMtrbip^, of what^lTed at this Con-. 

' &i^ce. He told the Houfe, That the Comotons 

'Vol. VI. X pfodu- 

3«s; ^ ParBam^aty Kit -to JtY 

A*. **;ti(Mt>tModiiced an htuaUePctidontotlwiCiiig, d(jfifi^|^ 
'^*^ the Lords to. join with them in it, as heretoforCk - 
Wbtcb Petition was read ia thefe Words : 

lUGdfuci, ta '~ CsmmeMt (hj yaw Rtfal AiOMty and Cim- 

vbkbtberde- mtaulmtnt talltd to and afliiMtAM tMt. frrfait P*r~ ^ 

^of^' ''"««'. '^^0^ thiPcrtsrfiHa'KingimofTS*- 

hiiit, g^d and Dtmnian ef"Wj^a.\ do, m alt Hu m O l^ 

give yattr Majtftj moft hiantle niatiit, that jau bim 

firtUgut^andeptmly pMiJhti, ^Kt ytiir LawtttUd ■ 

AUs of State again/} Popilh RecufiuKt fiiudd UfiA^ 

in due Emcutim. And Hfwnt Md U tur-httm^a 

Duty (amongft athtr the impntaid Affian iffMir'_ 

Reaht) ta inform yottr Mi^'^ tf tit Grtwtb if 

this dangereus Sart af PtapU nntbrn tUt ytm- Xlttgy 

dam, and af their InfaletOj and Bahbufi in all m- 

, Parts thereof, infemueh as MMf af^tm ('MAmWC' 

ta yiur Majefly) haw ertpi into Ogkn, amd PiaeH'' 

of Gtvemment and Aulharity trnderymtf ta Htt' d^ 

heartning of your gaad SuiftHs, and coKtrarf tayeur 

MigeJlfsbauiS'mdAets*fitMa\ viktfi Hd$im (in 

Difcbargt af aur AUegiante and Duty, viithatit.ibi'-' 

fpta «/■ Parfim) wt^ in all lAmUinefi, ^^ *» 

The NAMffs of all* fiich Peribns as att'tieMi' 
ficd to have Places of. Charge or TftotT,' 
m their fevcral CountisS, and are themf^Vcs. 
Popish Recusants or NoN-CoM^iinmii\ 
CANTS, that hath given overt Snfpidon of 
their Ill-AffeAion iii RxciGiOK, or tftat are 
reported or furpefhKh fo to be. 

' TheRt. Han. Ffahds Barf af Rirtlkii* « «r-' 
tified to he Lard Lieutenant hr the CataOy ^ Ijifr^' ' 
coin, and a. Cimmiffioner af the Peate md CnAes^ 
ftotuTonirifirf tbi &«nty ^ Nerttnmpton, and- *, 
Camrttiffioner ef the Peace, and Oyar md 9^n«K!^- 
iit Yorkfliire, and in ethtf OiiMSeti and that- he 
and his Wift art fufpt&ti t^ Ar P&pilh Keeufints'.' 

■'■ ' ■ - . - -■ . V>r 



■ ■ pf -EN G L A Jf-D'."' }»| 

Ar^r ^ &»aHiJhm- ^ lk PtOx, AiH • ^ Oftr amt ^**' 

. Tmnhafik WlkflHft* mtdfif^i^eiA it Hl-iifeatA 

Jyttfy-Mtefe; ReciiftnM. ^ ,. i 

Sif ThofAds ComptoA, Kt. h tertijmi ta he t 
CetmhiJ^tu^ aftht Pieaai and afOyer and Termntr- 
(»^-WarwibleAir«j Oitd he and the Ctmttfi bh Wift 
ttra em^, bfi'mmti ti be fuffe&U to it Popi& 

-TAK^fc. Jifo* ffinry Lord Herbert it cert'^edu 
hi a Gemmilfialiin^ ef thif Peate m Mtmmouthfliire,. 
divd ujinhtir »*yr<^lMh Rcligwa, Md w foriear 

"T3*' Jif. Nm, Iht tofd Petre is certified to he a 
Cmt^jjmef of ^ Petiee in' Bflc*^ m^ hf Repm^ 
tim keemmli tat it iite O^eh n»r rectiveth the Ontf 
itmitw^ and t^ his-H^s emd Famiif ar* gtneraUf- 
_^^*rf « **■ PopiflK RttSIfim ts. 

Tiie .«*.■> /few rteniy £*frf M(»tey h certified ta 
ht-eeGmtkt^Kterif'm Ptme i» Lancaflure, and 
a heft^feffed ff he' d PofHfb Rectilant. ' 

ne Jit. Hen. tint ttrdViJfouia Cotebeller is cer- 
tified ta be a Cemmijfiatur of the Peace in E^x, andf 
if kepahi t^ he tonttth net. to the Chureh, nor re~ 

Tfe RfiHia.the t*rd Windfor is cA-ttfitd to be a 
Qoma^fimer of the PeSte in BucldngKairtffure» and^ 
hf-eMtmoit fwiie, fi'^o Po}>ilb Rccufant. ' 

Tfe JtP. lint. WiUiafii Lord Eure » cerdfitd to 
he a Juftiee of the Peace in the Cmtnty of Durham, 
oMii h aPopi&i HeOilant ctmiaed. 

The Rl. Hon. the Ltrd Wooton it certified to h$ 
HtPltit*^ Authority in VLeatt und diai he and hir 
fi^e do farhear the Church, and are jujilj fufpeHtd It 
el^iiFtht^OtiMA R^gkm. 

• ?i&* R*.- }im. tie Lord Tnynham ii certified to he 
a Catmnijfiotier of the Peace in Kenf, and, ^ ctmmto 
R^ptfi, Of b» «Popifh Recu&nt. 

Vh &t. Hm^ ^ ^d- Sciooj^ it certified to he s 

Jigrd' tietdenemt*^ the Ceunty of York, of the 

Ci^ofYoikf (iW0/''KiBgftoii-«^Hu)lj a»dt»h! 

X a aCom- 


ja4 ^ Parliamentary Hjstort 

m.%%jmM^tmC»mmi^oiurifAtFtaa, aHd of C^er aniTtmi- 
i*H-' tier in tie fad Cttii^ieSy and in fundrj other Cowf 
Uti I and toot bis Lirdfiip hath tut rtuiv'd the CtHf 
tmmioM enee every Yiar in ibe Uffi three erfouf. Tfcrt ( 
mnd that hit Lard^ both given wtiert Su/piam ^hit 
tU-AffeStiatt in Religion^ by his Departure front the 
Communion on Jundry Days when hie, JUaj^^i 
Council there refidetit, and otbirt ef the Cf*gregm- 
tiott, fiayed behind ta reteive the fanu^ fametimit am. 
E^fter-Day, and fimetimes en the jth Dqy af No- 
vember ; and it is tejlifisd by mtmsffei^ . Uie* tha 
Lard Jrchbijhop's Grace of York, ami athert af Ut 
i^jefty's Cauneil there refident loera prefmty eatd . 
did receive the Communim once vAen hss Le^dMP 
went away ; and that his LardfiUp doth retr,eh repear 
to the Church en Sundays end HaUdays in the Fare- 
twin, and riot above twice to the Afiemaan Sernuift^ 
whereunio former Lord Prejidentiy vjith his A^e/ifs 
Council there refiding, have frequently , repaired^ md 
. whereunto the Cauacil now there refideiU da orSna- 
rily repair finee he was made Lard Prefideitti !wl>ere~ 
of Notice is taken by ail hil Mt^^'i Suh/e^i in thoji 
Parts f to the great Grief of fueh as (trt trufy affiSed 
in Religion, 

Sir Williun Courtney, Kt. it certified U he a 
Commijfioiter of the Peace and Dept^y-ZJenteMmt 

« DevonCbirc, and is a Coiamtl if a JOOO trained 
Soldiers of that County, and it Vice-Warden M^ the 
Stanneries, and that A> is fufpelled to be a FopUh 
Becufiuit, and that he hath tut reteived the CemtiK' 
titan in many Tears hft pefl. 

Sir ThcMnac Snidenell, Kt. it certified ta he a 
Commijfioner of the Peace, and Deputy Liei^enant 
in Nerthamptoofitire, and that he is a fnfpeS^d 

Sir Thbmas Somerfet is certified ta be a Cammif- 
fianer of Oyer and Terminer in Gloitcefterfhirc, and 
that he is reported te be a Pt^lh Reculant. 

Sir Gilbert Ireland, Kt. and Richafd Sherbom, 
emd John Fleming, Efy; are eertified to be Cammf- {^ 
fiantrs of the Peace in Lancallurt, and that they art- 
fiefptStd to it PopUh B.eculiuitj. 



■, i 

V £ N G L A N D. 325- 

.' '$(> Francis Stoner, Kt. it certified ft he a Ju^a *"• »» J»««» ^ 
ft'***? Peace, or a Deputy Lieutenant, er isib, in Ox- '**♦* 
foriflhirt, and ta Bee Popifti Rccufant, 

Sir' Anthony Browne, Kt. is eertified to he a 
Cammijfianer of the Peace in the County 0^ Norfolk, 
and that be is reported ts he a Popifh Rccufant. 

Sir Francis Howard, Kt. is certified to be a Juflice 
•fthe Peace and Cuftos Rotulorum in Surrey, and is 
fujpeaed to be ill-affeffed tn Religion. 

Ar William PowelJ, Kt. is certified io he ajujfice 
if the Peace in Stafford fliirei and to be a Non-Ctm- 
■ttmnicant, and that his Wife cometh not to Chureh. 

Sir Fpancis Lacoh, Kt. is certified to be a Jufiice 
•/the Peace in Shropftiire, andthathe is fvfpeiiid tt 
he a Popifli Recufant. 

Sir Lewis Lewkner, Kt. is eer{ified to he a Cem- 
mi£ioner of the Peace in Middlefex, and that he ar^ 

Sir William Aubrey, Kt. is certified to be a Com- 
mififmer of the Peace, in Brecknockfliire, and that 
he if reported to be a Popifli Recurant. 

William Jennifon, Efq; is reported to be a Com- 
mijfioner of the Peace in Newcaftle upon Tyne, mti 
that he is fujheCled to be Popifh emd backward in 

Sir John Gage and Sir JcAta Shelly, Boris, and 
John Thetcher, £fq; are certified to be Contmijimert- 
»fthe Sewersia the County of Snffcx, andto be known 

Sir Henry Caryll it certified to be Captain of a 
Foot-Band in the Cosnty of Norfolk, and a Com- 
ml^ner of Snvers, and that he it reported tt bt a 
Popifli Recufant. 

Sir Thomas Wifcman, Kt. Son of Sir Thomas 
Wifcman, Kt. that is a JuJHce'of Peaee^ is certified s 
to he a Certain of a Foot-Band sn ElTex, and to be a 
frofejfed Papift. 

Sir Thomas Gerard, Kt, it eertified to be a Cap- 
tain of a Concern of the Freehold-Band in Lanca- 
fliirc, and thtt he is fufpeSled to be a Popifli Recu- 

X 3 Sir 


j^ Tik ParUamentary Hf« To % y 

\M. M jaMo L Sir John Fhjlpot, £>. » itrti/ud ti kf a C^ftrnf* . 
»***- «^ « Foet-Ctrnpany in Hampfbire, <ind tl^ff bt ami 
his Wift and Children m P3pias. ' , 

^r Tbomas Ruflit, Kt. is ane gf i^ Defuty 
l,ieutttitmU, and m 'jtjftHt of the Ptmte in tit C^um^ 

?ef Worc^er, and it jijfify fu^ifed to ht a 

The Names of pJl fuch Pzrsqnb wIjo aie cwdt- 
fiod to be in Places of Charoe qt Trust, 
in their feveraJ Counties, aiid that Yaw 
Wives, Cbildrti^, and Servants, that are FO' 

or that are furpcde4 or reported (o to be. 

Sir Henry Bedding;lid4 is certified to bt a Cm- 
Ifu^iaier tf the Peace, and a pi^y LituttBoitt /« 
Norfoll(, and Captain of tbt Laucei there, and that 
hit Wifi and ChildrM are rtporud to be PofHfli Re- 

Sir William Wray, Ki. is artijUd ta ki a fii~ 
^uty l,ieutensnt in Cornwall, and that bis Wift it a 

Sir Johii Ca(]way, Kt. is certified to bt Cew^ 
miffianer of the Peace, and me of the Deputy Lieu-' 
.UnanttinFXiiaMxe^ and that bis iPlfe is held to he 
m Poi»lh Reculant. 

Sir Charles Jonet, Kt. and William Jones, BJqi 
are certified te be Centmiffiontrs of the Peace a^ 
two Deputy Lieutenants inMoaaaoA^ltaxc, and that 
their f^ivet ere Recufants. 

$ir Ralph Copyers, Kt. is certified to heaCam- 
miffvmer of the Peace and Deputy Liesttenani im the 
Bipopriti of DuHiam, andthat bis Wife is %ene~ 
rally reputed to he a Popifli Recuiant. 

Sir Thomas Lamplugh, Kt, is certified to ht a 
Commjfiener of the Peace in Cumberlaci, m^ that 
Ms If^fi is a&ecjitanu 

Sir Thomas Savaj;e, Kt. and Bart, is certifiti 
.to ie a Cemfm^aner of tie Peace ia Chcihire, and 
that hit Wife isfufpeSed to be a Reciifant ; a^ ly 
tmiBon Pa/ne, it is reported^ that tbt faid Sir Tho- 

(..(Kii^le , 

, ^ t5: n gx a n d. 327 

^fi^U Ubta Iftti^CmimmUaitl, ad hi, (M- '^"^ 
4m qrtSAfffti if Ac Rtcufimts. 

Sir Williain MaSevy Kt. is ctrtijitdta be a Cam- 
^Hffmtf ^A* Pern tn Chefliire, and Oat bis Wift - 

Sir Htigti BeAon, Kt. is certified it he a Comnuf- 
fimtr tfthe Ptattt ^"d that Ms Dai^htgr and Hiir 
. rtj^MCTtf j> a Recufiuit. v 

Sir Thomas Liddc], Kt. is ttrtified ia be a Cm- 
■miffiamr a the Ptad far tht Bifiepriei ^ Durham, 
:«Mi that hit Wrft it Popifh Recuiant. ' . 

Tbwnx Pare, Efy-, Bnfhtr »f the Lard Petit, 
is certifirJ t«bt a Ctnmi^iaier wftbe Peiue in Eiftk, 
^Mdtltatiis. Wift ud Famly art fu^BtdU hi Re- 
: oidaats. 

.^ir Mafnaduke V^ill,. Af. Md Sort, is air- 

tifitd ta he a Cmtanijfioner »f Oyer and Termnsry 

. Mid latdf vmdi ma jf his M^^i Cgwteil » tht 

Vottht gnd. that Us Wift is a PopiO) ReouJant 


^ Jo^mTovraibcnd, Kt* is ttruftd ta be a Cam- ' 

H^fitmr af tht Peace in the CewkAt rf Hereford, md 
ibaf bis Wife is reported to it a I^pift. 
- Sir WilW Moms, Kt. is certify ttbteiju- 
-JlUt if tht Peace ia Lancalhir^ and that he hath a 
Daughter that is a Recufant ; akd that he bath two 

- SHu that dafirvt under the ArthduAtfs, 

. . James AndBribn, Elfy it certified tehe a fa^ce 

- lefidk PtateinLan.'caaurey a»d that Im H^ft and 
his tidefl Sen are apparent Recufants. 

Edmrd Mocgan and George Mflbonni, Efqrs. 
• eireeer^edC^nmi^aersef the Pence in Moamoaii-. 
.OutKt Md tiit tbmr Wivts art Recurancs.. 

■Sir Philip Knevitt, Bart, is certified li be a Ju- 
jfuf oftbi Pmi in Nocfolk, and thai bis Wife it a 
Recufant. ' . 

Sir John Talbcvough, Kt. and Anthony Hobart, 
Bffi aft ttrt^d to he Cammffientrs of tht Ptact 

- in Noriblk, and that their Wives an refifsrttd tt ht 
'BccaktOa, MdMr. Hobut'i Cbildren ere pc^iMj 

,L.( Kittle 

«.«>jt««I. Sir WJUiam Sdby, JCr. m/ CnthtMii • Ileitis 
»**♦• -^fqi art etftiftd. ta It Ctntmffimert af.iktftatt m 
Nortbumbeifaiu), taii tiai their Wn/et art Recit- 
'Juits. " ■ * ■ 

Sir Richard TichbuiriK, Kt- u urtijudu it « 
- Ctmmjpomr of the Piact in Hampshire, and0}al his 
Wife is tftht Popifli Religiotu^ 

Sir John Hall, lO. it ctrtified u bi a Cemmif- 
Jimtr tfthe Peact in HampfluM, tmi that Us ff^fi 
• ■ 0md htr Daughter are fxfn&f, 

. . fir George Pericins, Ki. Robert Pcitpoitit and 
Folk Cirtwri^t, Efqrs. are etrtifed li he Cvranif- 
Jioiteri of the Peace in the Cijin^ «^ Nottingham^ mi4 
' , that their tfivu an thought t» he Reculana. 

ThanbOftdn, Efp it tmni^ tohe a Cm- 
mffitiur »f the Peace in Shropfliire ( and Ridurd 
' GiUwiUi Cm. U U a Ctrtwer thtre, and Aiif 
H^met he^MoAnti. 

Rice Williams, Eh\ is certified to ie a Ccmn^' 
Jiatmr if the Peace in Caennatdienlhire, and that mi 
^fe u a Fopifh Recufant canviSied, 

Sir Thomas Pehruddock, Xt, ii certified ta hea 
'. Cett/ntiffinifr of. ihe> Peace in Middlelex, and that hit 
ildeji Son ii a Rccufant. 

Valentine Saunders, Efq\ is ttrtifiedte be ttCcm' 
Httffioner if the Ptace in Muldlelex, and that bit eldefi 
Son is a Recufaot. 

Thomas Rochell, Efq-, it ctrtifud t» be a fW- 
- n^Jfientr efthe Peace in $t. Edmoodlbury, SufiiDlk, 
WidthatUt eldeft Sen is reperted te it a Po^tiK- 

Anthony Thorold, Effi it certified ttbea Cnn- 
lai^Bner ef the Peace in Lincoinihire, and that it 
hath a Sen that iifujpeaed tt bta Popifb Reculant. 
Sir Nicholas Saunders, Kt, it certified uhe a 
Commijfuner if the Peace in Surrey, aiul hit Wife is 
fufpeBedtt he a Popifli Recufant. 

?i!nvi in, etnfideration of the great Cowitenaaa 

hereby given to Popery, the great Grief and Of- 

' feme to alt your bill offered, true-i and uving Snh- 

jeSij the ^^arent Danger of the whok Kp^dom, 

■ h 

: -JZ-BNOL ANO. 32, 

tfyatti^lht PtuierifJfms int$ fitch 'Hmtds «r, by An. 12 JinM.'i,. . 
firmer ji£ti tf jtur Mt^ifly'i Csmeil, are' adjudged '^H- 
P*rje>tt JK^ly la- he fufpeaed, and rhemfehei fit h 
he difarmed ; ToKf fiiid Uyal ^nd fakkful SuhjeHi 
A tmft bumbif hejStek four ' Msjifiy, gradwfif to 
•omehfi^t that the fnid Lerds and'Senllemtn- ahate 
ntmid, far thefe intptrtant ReaftHS, and far the 
gTMM- S^eif af fjoar Mxjafiy, Md,afyaw Rearm 
and'Diitiumtn, ■ may ' ha tmai/ed fnfn *U your Mh- 
yejly's Cantmiffiom af great Charge and ^rufi, CerA- 
a^lehS af I,uut*ttanty, Ofer and Terminer, arid of 
the Peacty and flvm ail Off at and ether R/acn if 
Truft. ' ■-■ V 

This Petiticm being rmd, thq I/ords deferred the' 
Debate thereon, for that Tim«, becaufe the D.iy 
was far fpentj but gave an AnAver to the MeffeH- 
gcrs who attended for the fame, That they would 
fonfider of the Petirioii,"a«d would fend them an 
Anfwer when thty were refolved of it. The 
Commons returned the Lords Thanks, and fiud, 
their Houfe had made an- Order to receive no more 
Bills, or entertain any more new Bufmeft this 
Seffion. The fame Order was made by the 

May ^\'. This Day the Petition of the Com- The Anrwcr of 
mons, fer difplacing i'a^i]^ Rccufants, was read a ttn lificdii ;i«to 
fecond Timg ; and, after fome Debate, an Anfwer ^f^^""" ^' 

was refolvtd on to be given to the Commons about ' 

■ it. Accordingly a Melkge was ftnt by the L<Hds 
•to defire another Conference ; and, in 4he mean 

, Timei the Anfwer wa8 put into Writing, and read 

- (o the Hottfe in hoc Verba: 

• That we take great Contentment in the Con- 

* currence which has been between the two Hduf«s, 

* from the Beginning of this Seffion, and which. 

* we doubt not but mall continue to the End, 

' That what hath been defired in roiir Pctia'on) 

* concerning P«^t^ Recufants,. is wbotly allowed 

* and approved. of; qur Hearts do go along with 

* what is propounded by the Comoions. 



330 7iep0tk\mMiaryVrsT»KY 

M. a* juwa I. « But ttUt oiir Way in JudicatUFr. V thej- knoMt, 
'*'*' * ia, to proceed upon Oadi, uid to Ikw tlie Partjr'K 

* De&ncCj which the Sbortncls <^ Time in thij 

* Caft, caa bjr bo Meine perniJC TIkH if we 

* ftould publidf go in a ComouMe of both 

* Houlfcs to the King, vt IboiiM flrifce deep into 
' * the R^Hitatioii c^.the hitM^ coactxnti, and give 

* hi> Majefty, and the «M« Worid, Occafion lo 
' think, That we did boch judge. u«lcoaila*nb&> 

* fore we had heard. 

* NotwitfaAanding, ve do incline, if tbejr like 

* of it, to move his Highoers jthe Ptvacc^ privity to 

* acqu^nt his Majefty with this as with a Matter c^ 

* State ; not doubting bvt that his Majefty- will 

* bdce it into hisgrave and prudent Confidentioni 
- < fb that fuch ESoSt^ as we truft, is (ike to fidlow, 

^ , ' as .will give us all good Contentment.' 

This Aofwer was approved of by the ether 
Houfe, at th^ Conference ; v^o rendered their 
, moft humble Thanks to die Prince, ' That he was 
[leafed, as of himfelf, to intimate theii; Requefta 
unto his Majefty ; and that they hoped it woidd 
receive a gracious Anfwer.' 

Nothing was now'donc in either Hot^e for fe- 

ltd SabMr BiH vcral Days, but expediting . die Bills they had he- 

■ flM bjr the fore them. On die 24th of Maj, the Bill fat 

* granting an Aid to his Majefty of three entire Sat^ 

filUsy and three Fifteaabi and Tatthty waa Sent up 

by the CommoiiB ; and, dte next Day* on the fi^* 

cond Readily of this Bill, before it was committed, 

the Judges were appointed by the Houfe to confi- 

der erf' ume Points of Judicature in the faid Bill, 

' . and to ddiver their Rcfolutions about it. 

May 26. The Lord Prefideat of the Coundl re- 

. ported to the Houfe, That t^e Judges bad given in 

' their Refolutions, concerning (oam Queftiofu mi- 

. iing on the Bill of Su^Jia i vhich was read io the 

Houfe as follows: 

J Re- 
3 ^ 


, {^ ENGLAND. 33i 

« R^fqlvcd, by MiicnJ Confent, That «pon *^ »»/»«« ^ 
She Perufal of fevei^ Parts of the Ad -f SithUdf, ^^ 
^ey 4o not cQnceive that there is yny. thing there- The Judfei 0(i- 
irt^ which may impeach or bleimfli the'Pnvil^ or '^^^^ 
' Power of (he Higher Houfc, or ad4 tq tfie Privi- in ooint of Pd* 
Iftges qf th« Lowcr^ '"^.ftny thing j ,iave, ijrrijc Wl^^- J 
torficuW Ca& in g,ue{lk>ii,, amUn no other Cafls ,',V 
of the jil£c W I^th^r ,f?4tur^i and Uikt fot tbeff , ' - 
jKeafofls: ' . ' -^;i( ■51, ' ■. ■ - ■■■,"■■■' - 
., * i?'/) Bccaifle the Judicature, in this, particu^ 
hr Caw, is not afliimed, by the w^y of Piivilege, 
to beget a Precedent, but \iy way of an X&; which 
taketn Effe£l, not only by theimelves, but by the 
lx>rda, and by the Royal Afient of the King. 

' Secondly, Bccaufe the Ground of this AiX pro- 
ceeded, originally, frcHn the gracious Proportion of 
liis Majefty himfelf (»), and that Propofal is men- 
tioned in the AiS itfelf j fo that there is nothing to 
be drawn from this A^ to ground the like on here- . 
after, unlefe it be upon the fame Propoficion from 
.the King, with the Confeot of the Lords, who 
- nuifl fully a&cnt unto it.' 

■ * Thirdly^ TTie Words, That the Lards JhaS have 
Power ly virtue oftins ASly are not privative to any 
former Power of the Lords, and are convenient in 
this particular Cafe, where the Offence is new \ for, 
before this AS, there waa neither Puniftunenl ioc 
this Offi^cc, nor the QfTencetobe punifhed-! 

' Fourtbfyt The referving the runilhisent of 
thoie, who, at this Time, are Affiftants to theHighgr 
Houfe, is no' Derogation to thatHoufci for they 
have no inherent Right of being AlEfiants, as the 
I^i^s have of beii^ Members of the Houfe,; ai(4 
this 'is done by Bill w.herein the Lordf jffit^t' ^ 

*, .fi^A^,,r9rthat the Lords are joi^iffj^wkh the . 1. ,; 
'COnuhDns in theComipiffion, tlieAc^oym i^tp^ 
Joirtt'j "and (herefott it JK|»(]^ 'p^^ffiblM|oj|fv^ theip 
frasA tbe Cgmmbii^. b^iife t^ Accol^nt would be 
lame and imperied; ',,■,' 

' AH which the Judges humbly fiibniit to their 
LordQiips Tudgntent.* 
: ■' " . , ■ Thefc ' 

33* 7j6< Tm-Uamemary History 

'Afc i« J»n»l. Thefc Refolutions were approval of by ft^ 

»^ Houfe-i biit the Lords thought fit to enter a Protc- 

ftation in their 7i>»rna/ fisTif, bcTorc the 5«M^ Bill 

wasrexd a third Time; which wat to tbiiFuipoTe: 

^ tbc u>^ ia Ferafittuch as this prtjint 'A& of Subfidjr jrtm At 

naftqaoN fftnporali^, (V, in maty Thinhi Hi^erent frtm Ae 

^*"<' mcimt vpiai Farm %f m Subfiilv Bia\ mi Itan^ 

finuthing eiMtamtJ i» tttj^id ASy mn, tn Timr tv 

csmtf bi conjtmed either ta ItJ/m the JurifdiSitn ef 

the one Houfe^ er add U the Jurifdiaian tfthe othr-, 

■ titare than hath been ufed, tr hereto fare admitted: 

Therefore the Lards Spiritual and Temporal^ in the 

Higher Houfe if Fariiammt nmv aJfimbUdy do bfrt- 

hy declare and pronounce, and caajr this Proteflatiom 

to he entered m Record In the Rails of this Parltaount, 

■ ^ That M Words, Mailer, or Thing, in this AS an- 

iained, jbaU hereafter he tdken or conjirued to givt 

tr taie any JurifdiHion, Power, Privilege, or Ait- 

therity, to » from either of thf (aid Haufes ofParlia-. 

ment ; b»t that either of tbtm fiuill, federally aiid 

£videdfyj.hold, ufey and et^ay fmh and the finte £a- 

■^erties, Privileges, Powers, anayuri/diHions as, hero- 

tofore, they, or either of them, refpedively bad i aiif 

thing in this Aii to the contrary mtwith/landings 

It may- not be amlfs, in this PlacCr to look back 
into the fournals of the Commons, ttiii SciBon, for 
the Arfl Motions of a Supply in that Houfe. We 
are told that the King's Demands to fupport the 
State, in Cafe of a Waj- with Sp^n, iSc, on die 
Breach of the Treaties, was a Supply of Gx Svh/t- 
tSit and twelve Fifteenths. A inighty Sum to be 
xaifed. all at once on the Subje£t. 
AcwMti'^ MiwAk). The Commons went upon cfiii De* 
^mT'Sii* ■'"'^» ■*•' * "7 '••"B Debate it entered in the 
t^ CMunon . fubfetfucat ^ttrnii -at Ais SeSoii» altogether too 
tedioua for this £>d%n. In ttie Speedi of Sir Ed- 
ward Cake's, is a Catculaiion what the whole Sum 
■of fuch 3 Grant would "amount to. He eHimated 
that one Suhfidy from the Eaity would come to 
70,600/. and a Fifittnth to 30,000/. a Subjidf 

fitpidisClocgrtoaoiOoo/. ^hqTocs^ of.wbidi, *x.iij»»mu, 
multiplied b^tbe Kt^mber of thqn ' dequnded, '"H^. 
Vould amouDt to 900,000/. j^ofta- Million,; 

. which was n^ore, he faid, than all Eitghtd could. 
.laife, with any Convciuency. ■ ; 

' AAer aknofi two 9^' D^ate on this Mattw*; 
^e Houfe came to tbq fallowing Refolution upon; 
the QuelUonj without one jiegative Voice,* Xhur 
after his'Mi^fty {hall have, been pleafed to declare '"'" '''^ 

bimfelffortheutto'Diirtdutionofthetwo Treaties,; ■_ ... n 
£ar the Marriage and the Palaiipate .; the ifoufe,, - ..-f 

in Purfuit of their Advice giv«i to his Majefty; and 
towards the Suppent of the War which is lilcdy tO' 
cnTue} and, more particularly, for thefe four Pointy 
propofed by his Majefty, namely, the. Defisnfe of" 
this Realm; the fqcuring ^f Inland; the Ai^rl 
ahce of our Keighbouna, the States of the United! 
Provinces, and othei \ua Majelty'a Allief ; with the | 
fitjting out of his M^eAy's Royal Navy, will grant, 
for the prefcnt, three_ SuhfidSes, with tbrte Fiftrmthr 
and TfMthi, to be levied in fuch Time and Man- 
ner as they fliall be pleafed a&erwards to appoint ^ , 
and to be paid into the Hands, and expended by the RemiilciUe 
PireAioD of fuch .Commiilioners, as ihall hereafter J"^"'** "'■"•^T 
be agreed on in th)> prefent Seffion of Parlinnent.* ^ett to*b!E™. 
And^ by 2 fubfequent Refolurion, Neat, (Un. the mimMit by Pa- 

. lamcpay, it was fgrced, ' That thefe three Sub- l"™""- 
fitiits^ fifiefnthi iaiTeiitPs, Jball be paid within the, 
Ipace of one Year after, the King bath declared.- 
hWelf (/;.'■ ■..'■■' , 

Upon iht Delivery of this Propolition to the 
King, it was ^ceed to by him; afterwards the: 
Treaties were brokc^ as hath been mentioned, and ; 
the ConuBODS went upon framing a Bill to raife 
the Supply and name CommilHoners to be the Ma- . 
nagcrs of it: Which being a Thing hitherto unpre- , 
cedented, and whatnoxrowned Head ever granted 
before, ocoalioned thel^ifpute in the Upper Houfe 

before related.'; but_^ go on with. the Lords 

yownali. . . • , < 

.•■.■;., ■ . .■^' 

//y FowtBtisl'<W''«'i'tKtlfi>puMlb]rtlKSriiitMli^. . 
^1^ M l0p. Cap. j3. ' 


JJ4 'ThePiT^ttdnhirriiY%^iy'%'V * 

»*H' tkeVatfeinal Bafiiit*, ^iWte'infwtr j)ri%^tB ftH-' 

ttons ^itd' Appealii till the E^ Before tfm SdSoix Wiai' 

to end ; whetij after remitting fome Fines, impo- 

fed by the Uoufe on Offtftdei's, and lelKning AthCtti' 

thfc Earl iiirpial, ' front thr GoWtftiitfte for feirt*- _ 

i^ Precedents to fuflraifi the PVivHeges', Wr. of the" 

. ,. .. Hoafej'madfc t4icfoflo\#ing Report;' 

SfSriTL w * riow fer th8 Privil4« y At Nijbility do 

Mitten of Pri- dewly exfcrtd, cbncemihg tl« Fifcedom' Of tineir- 

*'*'«'■ Serranfe ind Flowers from AiTcfts. ' , 

* To air then- menial'SetvantS ahd thofe of diefr' 
I*'antily, smd all thofe' emplbyed, neceffiirHy and 
properly, about their Mates as wellas their Pcrfdns/ 

* ^This Freedom to continue twenty Days^ fee- 
fore'aud after erei^ Seflion ; in whicJi Titfie the- 
Lords Miay conveniently go home to their Hoafesr ■ 
in the moft jemote Parts of the Kingdom.' 

• That ill the Lords^ after the End df^ tWa 9rf- 
fioB, te very carefiil in this Pointy and' remember 
the QrotUid of this Privilege ;, which was, onl^, in 
regard they fliould notbe'diftraSed, by the TravAf^- 
of their Servants, from attending the fericJlia Alft.ift" 
of the Kingdom I that therefore they- wiH nor [«f-' 
ven that Privilege to the pclbfic Ittjufflce- of thiS" 
Kingdom, which was given dtem, chisfly^ that' 
the whole Re^dm might, in this High Court; draw 
the deaf Light of Juftice front them. lit- wttch; 
Cafe, every one oroht rather to keep faJr *idim» 
than any way exceed their, due Limits.' 

' That? here^er, Befcre any Pcrfbn be ftnt for 
4n this kind, the Lonf whom he firves fliall',' cfthef 
by hiirfcif or br his Letter, or byfome Meflage, 
, certify theHoufe upon his Hsnonr, that tfcePetfoTl' 
ancfled is within the Limits of the Privilege befbft 
exprsffed/ ■ 

• And, for tiie'Particulara, they moflbeldV to 
die Judgment of the Honfei, as the Cafe fltafl come 
in qmnion ; wheitin tKe'HOtife wanis no Means,, 
as well by Oath as without, to find out the tftiefft-' 
-tire of the Servant's Quality in the Lord's Service. 

ThffretiixM^ if it bfrM^tfdgnl by thft HcrtiA conittw 

■ ■ • ■ ' rt'' 


not tbinlc it tttKtgc, if, mfach a Galt> boA him- 
lirir Ai^F Reprbof, » the Hanfe ffi^ think Ht, uid 
tiuFeee; beeanfc the Juftictof theK~in|](nn muft 
bc'pwferKd' b^M uiy ^rfenit RdpeifV, and none to 
befpaftd that fliBlloffnkl after fo fair a Warning.* 

* Ordered to be oi&mA accordli^ly, wrth this 
Alteradon, viz. This Freedom to begin with the 
D«e of tfie Writ of Summons, aiw to Continue, 
tWenty Days after fewrj- Sdfion of PiiKmoem.' 

'liw EaiiMtrJUal'^ Reported, Ttett theLonh 
of the Coitamittee Itad thth^bt dus 'Order proper 
cespceming Judicature, i/ii;, 

* TheLordsof theHfeh'COTirtofPSrliainBntdd 

bold it fit to confide of ^meOrd^r? for the Trials, > iT 

of fttcbPeribns, as fliWI hereafter be brought before ■ 
thtm^ and come tt» Jiitfidahire : But the Seffion bc- 
iilg Sam tocnd, alfdiisTime, their Loi^ips think, 
it fk to declare nOw iirgcncril, TTiat^this'Court, 
i« the higheft'frooi whence others Ou^f to draw^ " 
AefrLi^tj fo tbef db liitendthe ProceSiaga thcre-^ 
offfioQ be meftdear imdeipial; as weH Ohtbeoiie^ 

~ Side^ iln finding out ■ OtFe^lXs where ^ertr is juft^ 
Orattiidj u, en tHe ether Side, in afibrdfn^ alljuft 
Mtans of Dbfence t» ftich as ftiall bequeltioned.^ 
P«r-the Particidan, ifte]F do it this TiUne order,' 
That'm a))-€afes of Mbmcnr^e Dd^ndants Ihall 

'htft-e-Cftpies of^I-ptpftfitionsi both We ^ contra^ 
after ■thc^ Publication, a convenient Time before 
ftearmg, to {ireparc th^mlblves : And alfo that, i^ 
the Defendant! Adf demand it of tbe Hcrufe in 
dufe-Tlme, the; ftIal^ have learned Couafel to af<, 
SSt them, in their Defence, whether they be able^ 
by iMfoti-af He^th, to anfwer in Perfon Or not, fok 
as'thty chttft Cotfnfel void of luft Exception j andj 
if AicnCpunfcl' ffiall,'refufc liem, they are to be 
afiigned;ds the Cojirt ihail think fit Thte their 
Lmmlifps do,.becanfe in all Ca&s, as well civil^, 
cHiil^nal andcuntal, they hold that alt kv^ful Helps , 
c^rtot, belbrc juft'Judge^, make one that is guilty, 
airDid-Jofficc} aad^ M die other- Side, a£cotdiiJg 


^^- the B^rHmmtary,liX^%oi^ ' 

Ak tsJuM* Ltd fata M^efty's moft g^ciqut Sptecb^. ,Gf tf i4l;j6»^ ■ 
'"*" that an innxeia A&a foct(U be t^nd^tud.' - , . ;. - 

* LUcewi(e/or calliiig a ^^embei of this Houf^.i 
totheBar, their Lonlfbipfheld it-iitto.l>,e very well.' 
weizhed, at what Tilne.afid^for what Causes iC: 
fballbe; and therefore,, the Time t>etnK.iio9.&en»,.> 
I'recedents are to be looked out, and this » W con- ■ 
fidercdofat the next Meeting' . .-■ j - 

May 20. [£s M»cfty being {J^^ qn th; Thron€ ! 
and the Lords in their Hobe;, j^if CommpiUty/^^ 
their Speaker, Sir 7%efflaj Crnv,. were admittejii'ifto 
the Royal Pntfeoce. Ithe Speidwr came up v^iih:: 
great Reverence and low ..OtKifance to th«.Kii^ 
' , md, being, at the B^r, dec^red,. 

^?^Ae * 'T'Hat God, to his own great Glory, hai 
■u^itdxCiori ' M- brought this Se^on of the Parliam^)it» I9 < 
^tbcStffiim. * happily begun, to fo hap^ aa End, th^tho^i 

* Holies, and ev^ry paiticiUar Member tbersof,'; 

* hath given their willing AJIent, even with. opa', 
. ,• Voice, onto the Advice which his, Majeftyi way- 

.' * pleaTed fo low to defcend as to demand of then. 

* As there was not a Uamiper heard in dbe-bu^^' 

* ing of the Houfe of Godf io, in- this great fklfif! 

* nefs, thejre was n t a ncMtivc Voice, n<^ any; 

* Jarring aotongft theni 1 w»t their Time wa»' 

* wholly fpent in the.Bufuiefs.of Parliamuit, iq 

* which UieyHad prepafcdmaayrBills pcohtableft^r; 
^ * the Comraon-WealtH, jjid Piewcd the Icv^ral,. 

* Natures pf thole Bills ; ibme fpr the Service, ofi 

* God, and Reflraint ofRecufancs; fome to' re- 

* drefs the Enormities of tbe, Common- Wc^th;, 
» othersof his Majefly's Grace aqd Boup^ to-h^; 

* People; and fome concerning the Princess ffi^-: 

* nefs touching his own Land^i and others to fettle . 
' * Strife in particular Eftates: 'AH which ilo Wait jot 

* and himibly d^fire his Pilajqftys Royal Ailtnt. 
* He fliewed alfo ;wh9t,gre»t Joy they aUreccii- 

' ved for the Diilblution of the two Treaties widt, 

' Spain i and that Commiffioners are reat^ired U 

' """ ' • ■ Cults ani' 

' Jtfuitt, 

• 0/ tn G-.tA N.D/.;v J37- 

* Jefuiis, the LQCuftfi of £0tfi«,' wherein will confift *"•»»}"»«»( 
» his Majefty's chiefeft &aie\y. And they do rsiv, "'.♦■^ 

' der him humble Thaoks f(ir their ancient Puyl- 

* leges, which they TuUy enjoyed this ParliaiQenti 

* ^andf in partUular, far ' their Freedom from Ar- 

* rejit\ (g) and their /o.often'AcccfsunlohisMaJ'.' 

* ^efty'spreftnw i and-more efpeeially for his Ma*/ 
'jef^'fl gwicral, large, liberal, and free Pardon, 

* (hewing the Benefit thereof, and reciting th? par-, 

* ticulars. He alfo.prefented the Bill of three en- 

* lire Siit/iJies, and thref: Fijieeniks and ,Tenli/s 

* granted EhisSeffion^ and declared the Cheaiful-.^ 

* nefs of the &ant , tbereof. And, makiiig his; 

* eamefl Prayers unco Almighty God, to difeS his, ^^ 

* M^fty's.Heart to make,his own SwordhivShe-. 

* ritF to put his SoAnn-Lawi in Poflefllon of tiia, 
' FaiaUttate, the antient Inheritance of his Royal ^ 

* Gr^nd-Children, hciended ;. humbly cjrayit^fai^v 

* don for tumfelf and- his -own Eriors committed 
*.du36eJ£oiu . '■ . '.' 

To whicb ^Kiflg gavcti^ ioUoA'ing Aji^wer (h). i ,- 

- \ i ■ 
'Mr. Speaker, and you the Gentlemen of th« 

- ■ Lower Heufej '■■ . 

/Will begin with the End of Mr. Speaker* s Spiecb, Hit M«j#ft,'. 
which viai a Pr^eritdtian of the Subfidies^ an^ ""'**■ 
tht 'thanks "he gave mi for allowing you yduf- Privi-' 
Uees and Literties, hgether with the f^ee Pardon of 
hit ovmWeaknefi. 

"the Suhfidiei are gt&nied to my Grdiid-Childrtny 
iiihsfe Cafif I rnuft canfefs, iiJom£wbat dejperatt : I 
pray God J may fee that good End ihereif Utat I U)ifh^ 
far I ittew net MV it 'may pUafe God to Sfpofe 'ofthbfi ; 
Things, vihethtt ptacedbly, ' or hy Forte, it may pleafi 

(gj TUt ii Mwtteditt Rtjhiatrib, but fupplied kbai th* Idrd*' 

(b) Tlua Settch it Iboll nuftn&Iy cattairri in Ktijtmerlb i Bor i« 
it iBtenil It (11 in the Jmnuh, ta ellewhuc io tbe fiinted Hillo- 
tJUM. WaJbaVi tcAiMwdtt ttaib Isold MUiufttipC CblcftiDn of. 
^MlianeDniy Ptoccedinpj In Ihii and ihc neit KtijO, t«Iiin>«aU 


3*5?^ ^be Tarlidmakar) History 

A 9i liaiA i. him to rtf^ unto Hit thi ff^rmg Am Urkt titin. Bia, 
****• at I /aid at ^_fl, fi I pray again, t de^ tiM U 
Uw i nay, J vnfit ta Gtd nevir U have ttm Stfri, fa- 
tier thanjMei a Blat fixtdi He an me, ai MM b»pt' f'i 
fie a Rejmitian tf the P^itiuaf c, tr M lidjl d ftf- 
J^Utr of it, btftrt Gii eltfe ttp mni Byis. Am t 
bavt Jwem, diai allyau have aSetbtd fif tbt Muji- 
»pt Jhall cnlj and uihc/fy h tmley^Jii- ^dt Sitdi 
0td, Bi God Jhall judgt mj Ssiit, 7 HtWr had giffUhtr 
Jtfeening, if I had net been beund and Hmiled Iheti- 
tmh. But at, en the liber Side, laffilfe li^fiif, thdt^ 
jEt jiwfehet wiU ealifefi, heft ii nitmg gikiiH/it- &e 
tUHef rf my Eftatt, whiek all Pth-SMuxh ieere 
wmt ta emfidtr of; efpteialfy a*e thM hat H^d iii 
that Neaffitf, and hai had Ufi Sitfpfy f^aik hiy 
PeapU, than any afittj Ptidtaffori, I imiv th/ 
taw tnany hundred Ttihei hefWe : So T affitrt ftii,WB 
the ether Side, yau fixM have a new Sej^mt in thi Sfk- 
ghning af next Winter^ that ihettyau may mitt tvjlt- 
iher, and eanfder haw iafupply my partOklor fhtntit 
end if mt will he eareful in this, at I affitre vrffe^ 
yta.*tuB, I vail tnly etipUy it »' the AS^jtmim af 
fiA Gavemmmt ammg yau, at fiall iecome a Klt^ 
and t9 the Iiurtaft Hiore-md nuTe af tit Se^ti ^f 
Qady and reftartng the PmHmany of my Chil^en. 

Far the ather Punt, I have Reafan^ and tn^ 
without Campiimtnt I dt H, to thanijeufar mj owk. 
Perjany and pur partimlar Behavioiir ta roe at ihi* 
^me ; concerning which I mufl needs fay^ that in alt 
thit Seffian, neither in any Days xvas it heard ef\ and^ 
I think it it wilhaut Example, that ever Lower Heuji 
Jot with that cantinual Obeaitnce ta thy Perfatt ind 
Monaur \ far, in all pur AHiant, you have given 
belt " '■ " * * • ... 

iliare true betkenflraiiem hereof, than ever was p'ueti 
heretafore by Lower Haufe : And for Matter afScam^ 
04/4 tt wat no feener maved among' you, bid U wat 
iafiiedi avaitSng all Occajiani that migBt $e' a'Stat 
of Offence between me and mf Peaple ; far which, at 
I faid before, fa tiaw again, t thank you, tiiithUtt 
further CampHmenti and if H JMt plitdi ieUy i^m 
'yau^Uraur»t u gl ah thit »^, tms ParSMiDi 



. - ^ fi N L A W D. 33^ 

^iB W tfm^d IbM ih gf*Kte/f Hatpiiufi Att toir Am. M JfmmL 
wai held by a king. WM- ' 

Bta i iia^ admnifi pu if/am few Tbtiigs, and^- 
riM t fray j»u lake i» md Part. ,A>idthst atiimA' 
htg GnevaiKfs, Atr. Selliciter made mmtitn effame 
Ktfttrdaj, whiH I ttua prefem, at I faid t9 pmt nf 
ytu ; fi tmoffeak t It aU tf jtu, ihal ytu he mt tw 
rta^ to hunt ^U Ofiavanees^ vjhtrt there it n» Caufi \ 
jbr I mafifay %h*ty and fay truly, that J Hfver favf 
Parlimwtt that had kffir and fmaUtr Matter of 
Gr iavaiKei than you ime had; t find meft of H}fm 
t$ ^J^git tntt, wbicb indeed maies my Heart jovial. 

Now, as ceneemtag your Grievaneeif ie care/id ts 
profit fiidfas P>aH be general touching the Comnan~ 
Woedth^ Tradit^t, and Corporations ; and as it Ses not 
ill your Ptvur to rmft and create Grievanui, but 
tprnjifft Gatfe ; fo again you ought not to (Onclude or 
dttermaie A^temdy, without firft letting m» have 
:Ae Hearing mi AUowing of it. I will go Ari all 
yttir Grit^nint^ and weigh them fully ; and, when 
I have Aw, ymfiiaU have a clear Anfvier to thtm^ 

fiiei a tnt at fiall bo agreeing to Jn/iiee, and tonne-. 
Hunt to mttt with the prefent Neajgitietof my Peopli. 
- No Collet's parficuUr Good ■ihaS be preferred 

to the Suljeils R^quefli in general ; and herein I will 
tut tati Jfdviee ifmyfelf, but I vtHl canvafs the Bu- 
Jtnefs ti/iih the Help ^ my Privy Council, and thi 
Judges Counfel of we LaWi Butnoto, amangfi othtf 
Grievances, I Mufl tell you femt ^nty Grievantes : 
One it eotttlmtng the Manner and Form of Bui/dingi 
tore in Ixtndon ; you have made a Grittmui of itt 
tmd Imnyi^grieved at it i for, t prottfi to-G9d^_ 
it hath Itofl «t only Jim ever /mci I came into ^n* 
gland, to nwlte the City y Londoir, the MetropoHt^ 
tin Miihir CHj of England ; that I may fay pdth 
AtMn^it", I had it ftntmineum, but I kave k 
KivmdreOiii. / caTe not fir the Grumes of many 
furtiffdar Men, that are in very deed a Shame to tbtt 
ifittgdtm. I marvel muS you Jhould cmdenm thi 
CoMmiffiaHi without hearing the Commi^onert t V 
"^ttybi tHfh-iit «( their Points ^ I pray you complatH 
1fi»*, and / wiUrodreft it, and give you Eafe. GoS 
>■• y a knaua 


34® ^ ■Pai'iiaptmUny H 1 5 t o i r 

A « JiffietJ: iiMtw / bawno other End theiviitt hid the 0^0"^* - 

.^fi»t- and Honour of the Kingdom. , _ , 

' Jnother Caup ■ of Grtevattee is cenetrmng Dr. 
AiiioUy. Majhr of Corpus Chridi Colhge in OiC-. 
ford, whom you have ealiid in ijuejiion teuehit^ 
{^hurch Maltcri : Xiu had all of pu^ at the Begin' 
ning of this Parliament, ta^en fht Oaths of AUir^ 
giaiice anJ Supremacy, whereby you have acJhuwiee^ 
M me Sujireme Head in EcckfiaJiiaU Matters. I 
■hqv'i referred that Mfftier to theBiJhap. tf Winche-," 
fter,_ who is Vifisr ef that College^ upon wib*/i 
Learning, Gravtiy,, end Piety^ I vjiiLrefy in thin » 

. . Jmther Grievance of miiu if, thai yoti have an- 
deauud the Patents of the Jpathtfaries in I^onden. 
I tnyfelf did'dtvifetl^at CoKparatin, and do aUow it. 
The Groters, wh^ complain- of it,-, are, b\tt Merehaiusi 
the Myp^y of: theft Apoihecariei it/ei-e, hgl^iifg tf. 
^othecaries, ^ereint^t Graces w* Mfljiilfuli emi 
therefore I think itftting they, fimdd .be a Corpora- 
tlui .ef.themfehes. They .iring iomt-rotten W^ei 
yi-Mi windieSiPerCei^WGreece i and here,, with 
their Mixtures, mah fVattrs, a^d.f/lifutb as heleng. 
ia . Apothecaries, and thiiii no Man mnfi caatriiid 
them,; hecaufe they are mt Apothecaries. ^ : ; 

, Another GrJitVUnce is eo^cdming Btiofs feditina and 
heretical. It is a Shame that Engird ^wild he the 
oaly Plate in the tVorid to honsiir fu(b Baohf boA 
Popiih 'en the. am Side, oai^ Puritan m the tlher: 
But, for, this, I tfill provide there JhaU befiub Ov-er^ 
Jeers, that jta^ prevent their corning into Print, and 
thofe that art in ^rini already, ttfiipprefi ihem. Nk 
^an fiiall he more dejiroui to fulju yur Defire in 
this Point- than I wHl- 

: And lajlly, tvttchitig my Patents in general, I am 
grieved that yauhavf tailed tbem in,, apd emdenmed 
them upon fi Jbgrt Examination. I confefi I mght 
have paffid fome upon falfe Suggiflion and wrong Li- 
farmatim ; hut you are not to recall them befeft dny 
be examned by the fudges. And here t have heard 
it eemplained of by divers »f my learned Counfel in At 
i-aw, that you wiilj from Tia4 U Ttfe* delttpm 
; . "' . 3 " ■ «** 

■ -of EN G L A N D. . 34^ 

rtrf Patentees, Ji'iB call for Patents tuitheut ^w^'Ab! ij Jinm^ 
Ground i mdfe put the Subjeasjiill la more Charge'^ '**♦* 

tndfi eonfequently put a Scom upon my Patents. , 
' Therefore I advife you la be careful^ that you have 
m good Ground bejore your call for your Patents, that 
'IfBu do not defraud the Patentees ; hereupon falls ou$ 
ihat vjhich I fpake to the Face of many here prefent. 
The Lawyers, of aj! the People of the Land, are 
the greateft Grievance to my Subjefls ; for when 
the Cafe is gooJ for neither Party, yet it proves 
good and beneficial to them : Therefore this I faj 
to you, when you judge of Patents, hear patiently. 
Jay ml Prefentfy 'tis againji the Law, far Pattntt 
•«re not to be Judged unlawful by you. , 
■ t muft firjl believe myfilf and my Council, and 
then you are ta give your Opinions of ihe Conveni- 
•*nces that may enfue" thereupon. And na-w I pray 
you taie in good Part my Thanks and Admonitions 
'bath ; and I affure myfelf you will take my fatherly 
AdmaniiioHS, as well as my Thanks, in good Part, as 
'you ought ta do from a King, who ever was, andJfiH 
"will be, the Pother of your Country. 

• ' Then the Lord Keeper (pake to the Particulacs . ^^ 

trf the Speaker's Speech, and, by his Majcfty's Com^ Kctpet"!! 
mand, appointed them all, alluding the general Con- , 
fent of both Houfes [^in their Advice to his JUaje/ly'] 
'to the Septuagint, dirc£ted by the Holy Ghoft ; and, * 

-touching the Speaker's Defire for the King''s AfTent 
to the BiJIs paft both Houfes, he faid, the Royal 
Afient-is proper to the Lawgiver ; and (hewed, 
that it is beft for the People that this is in his Ma- 
jcfty's Power, and not in themfelves ; for the 
Kingknoweth what is beft to be granted unto his 
■ People, as may appear by the Petition that Bath- 
fheba made to King Salomon, to give unto Adonijah 
Abijhag to Wife ; which had Solomm granted, he 
"had given Adonijah Means to ufurp the Kingdom, 
' contrary to Bethjheba'i Meaning \ and fitch is his 
Majefty's Intent this Day, f^ir fuch Bills which he 
.will not pafg. That his.Majeily hath given his 
;Cotil£iit ta ail the Bills of Graces, and to the Bill 
Y 3 _S..-^,-. °^ 

34^ ?^ ParUawumaiy History 

Ub u JMM I* of die Condnuaocc of fome Sittfuta, znd Kepe4| 
'"H- ^ others, fo oeceHaty (or the Good sf the People, 
That bis Majefty accepteth in good jpan meif 
Thanks for his general r»FdoDi ^kh be &aifc fo 
ireely granted uato his Subje^s : But his <e^)e(i^ 
Command it. That thole th»t »rc io Q^ce 4p 
ftriftlv lo(^ to the Execution of Oie Laws .a2<ui^ 
RecuKints. The Subfidia hb Majefty gracioif^ 
acceptetb, and tbnefore imitates not lae Stoiy 19 
MacrabiuSf of one who bad all his Pcbts paid, an* 
inftead of Thanks, anfwercd, miii nAtl: Tbo* 
this be given » the P^atinatti his Majcfty intcipreti- 
eth it as given to himfeif, and rpndreth tp vpu all 
beartyThanks for the fame. [Aifar jour own tUqtufi^ 
■ Mr. Speattr, bis Maj^y holds it impertftunt i tberM. 
meeds na Pardan where tn Error is eepmitledA 

' T^e Lord Keeper having ended his Speech^ 
die Clerk of the Crown flood up and read the 
Titles of the Bills pafled both Houfes % and tbc 
Cleric of the FarUaroent read his Maiclhr*s Anfwcr 
to each Bill, «4iicb being done, his Majefly le^ 
stembred the breaking up of three [ftrmer] Paili»> 
ments tt^ether, and the hzppy Conclulion of dus 
Seffion ; and put the Conmons again in tnind, 
that at their next Meeting they do to cany them^ 
felves, that this Parliament may be as happily con- 
tinued to the End.' 

After all which was concluded, die Lord Ke^ 
cr of the Great Seal, by his Majej^y's Command, 
prorogued this prefent Parliament to the ad Day (^ 
November next enfuing. At which Time it was 
again prorogued, by Commiffion, to the i6th Day 
of February following (/) j from thence to the 
icth of March j and, laftly, to the joth Day ^f 
Jprily which was in the Year ,1625 {k). Before 

(/,!) Tlwn ii a Piod»w«tioa priated tn Xjwr'i FtUk ^If, 
Tia. XVIL p. 615. for pmrofniBE tbe Purtiunnt fmai die id Drf 
of Mvflhhr to tte itth D^ of Finery mU coniof . Tke 
ReitMi si*a> thtie for it mi, oo •cuant tJ ■ |uct«] Skkodr 
tbca idtoiiit, wbkh pioTcd mortal to nuojr ui wu nryia&>- 
tiooi} puticoltHy is ihi Citja of Lndn wai tfijlmi^tr. Tfcc 
ftcood Pradtnatioa for pran|aia( to tbc j (Cb «f Jfrr«i M itb It 
f, 64I, bat fritboot taj Rofao hn( iSibm for il> 



^ BNOLA N a ^4^ 

itcli kft D«c, fie. on dM a;th of Ji£)r£i, is Ak ^^^i- 

; &me Year, Kiog y«»w/ diflrf; by wbofe ^^ 
iWti this Parliament was finalljr dillblvea. 

Bcfides the long A$ur of the f^^A Mated, the 
BuTin^s of the P^IatinMe, du Trial of ti»e LovdrbcDath *S 
TifMntK, (/t. which topic up much Time } I^l;^ dx K1d|. 
a Number of public a^d private A£^ were made 
and palled in this Parliament, as fcarce ever was 
done by any before. The printed Statutes only 
mention 35, Rujhworth, together, makes them 73; 
but, in a Catalogue of the A'ib, at the End of me 
Lords ysuntahy for this Reign, are the Titles of 
TiS. This may be fome way accounted for, 
becaufe no Ai5ls at all were pafTeo in the lall Par- 
liament ; that Bufmefs being put a Stop to. by its 
fudden DiiTolution ; fo that this took up what the 
Other had left unfinifhcd ; and, both together* ' 
made their Number grow to fo great a'Hei^t. 

There is no Neceility to enter into theParticu-. 
lars of any of theie K&s^ the mtA material of 
them being already printed : ex(;c|t the laft Bill of 
SubJiditSy which, by the King's ertrwrdinary Con-^ 
ceffions, was made ^ diftcuTt as to puWe bodi 
the Houfes in drawing 1% up and carrying it thrDUgh 
the ufual Forms. Never atw King and Queen' of 
Enghmdy before, did gjve L«ave for the parlia- 
ment to name and appoint their own Treafurers 
^d Commiffioners for difburfing the Money to be 
raifed by a GraRt. By what we find in the fore- 
going Proceedings, this Supply was alfo defigaed to 
go for dje Recover/ of the Palatitatt ; aiid the 
King's voluntary pfter of putting it out of his owa 
Power tjo touch a Penny of it, evidently fhews that ' 
he did not flight his own Defcendants, fo much at 
fome Authors have^ veiy ungenerotifly and uiuu- 
turally, repxefen^ed, 

Upon the whole, we fl»ll enter no fanher into 
the Chara^er of (his K,\a% ; but leave it to be de- 
^nnined by every Reader's Judgment, on the dif-? 
ferent Tranfadions, throughout his whole Retgi^ 
_hetween'him and his Parliaments. The Republi- 
caa &[^( siEid grew to fuch a Height in the 
Y 4 n«t 


'9^:^ lie Parliameal^ry History 

mI. next Reign, have fpared rta Pains to bladcen him* 
and will not aHow him any one good A£lion in 
Government, Scnne of their Authors mtiking hind 
no better than a dreaming Pedant ; Whilft, by 
thofe of ancther.Stamp,'hc is cried up for an £*»- 
;j^ fd/mian.-— Perhaps, Mt£9 iulijftiiais ibu- 



. tf E.N G L AND. 345 

CHARLES tbe Firft. 

WE now enter upon a Keign ivhich 
proved very unfiMtanatc both to 
Prince and People ; the former loft 

hisLile, and the latter had their Lib?V- .j ^__ 

ties taken from them, by a Sett of Men, whoft firft chMielX"" 
Pretences in taking up Arms were to defend both. 
Xhe Difquifition of which Matters, as it has been 
great Labour, in the Colloflors, to compile, fo 
■will it require no Ids Patience in the Readers to 
perufe and digeft. The Inftrumcnts of State, Mef- 
fages. Declarations, and Speech^, for and againft 
the Prerogative of the Crown, being, many of 
(hem, long and tedious ; and yet will allow of no 
Abridgement in a Work of this Nature. 

King Charles 1. like his Father, began his Rpign* 
in En^and, at a yery unhappy Period. A dread- 
ful plague having been fome Time, and was then 
^ging in Landen and ^eJlminJitTy and Parts adja- 
cent, which fwept off many Thoufands of People, m, um\»^t^ 
But this did not hinder the Match with fnj««, with»D»u^wri. 
from going forward ; Mey i. the' Marriage was o^^F™"- 
celebrated, by Proxy, at Paris; and yune II. 
the new Queen landed at Dovtr j the next Day 
die King (net her at Caaterhuryt where die Nup^ 
tials were compleated. 

Before this laft A^Iair happened, a Parliament a PiHuimiw 
had been fummoned to meet at fVeftmit^in-y oij Amw Kc(ni, ». 
the 7th Day of May (a), by Writs bearing Date, ^ 
from the fame Place, April %. but was further pro- 
rogued to the 31ft of the faid Month, From that 
Time it was again prorogugd to the 1 3th ciJuni,anA 
from thence to the i8th, which Prorogations, we 
fuppofe, were on account of the Queen's- Landing, 
and the Ceremonies in'confequence of it. 'But 
"yiai* 18th, the King oeing feated dn UieThrtme, 
■\ '■'"',. ''^ 'the 

(*-) i.™-r>.,».k ■ 



34$ Hie Pat^amtfifwy Hi ^Tix^Y, 

Aa.iCbideiI. the Lords in their Robes, and the Commons Ml* 
'''S* tending, his M^efty Ipoke as follows : 

MyLordjSpiritualanJTemporal, andyouGen- 
tlemen of the Houfe of Commons, in this 
Parliamfnt aflembled, 
./May thaai God, that the Bufmefs.ta ^e *r'0'd 
'^* en at ffnt Tiipt is offiich a Naturj^ that it needs 
tiff Ettquttue tf jet it fifth -^ for t am neither ahk 
H ia it, ntr daUi if ^4nd W'th ^ i^ature ia fpind 
much Time ip Pffords. ft is M new Si^fiaejs, ieiag 
fflread/ happily iigun if m Father ^ hUJfed Memf- 
ty, who is ^lith God } tbtrefore it needeth nf NoTr 
rative : I haft ia Ggd ytft i^ili go aa to maitttijin iu 
as freely as ym advifii Of father to da it. It u 
true, he may fiem U ja/ne to have baU flack i9- ber- 
gin Jo juft :aisd Jo gltrior/f a Work j but it tu(is hlf 
ffykom that made him lath ta begin a W^k^ *»t 
til he might Jind a Means t9 maintain- it : But af~ 
ttr thai-he Jttw how much he wijs ^bujifl in the Con- 
fidence he had with other Slates, afta wqi ^nfirmei 
hy your Advice to run the Cuaje we arf in, with 
jwar Engagement to maintain it, I nefd not prejs (o. 
prove Mw willingly he toei yettr Advfce ; for, tht- 
Preparations that are made, are ketfer ^hle to declare 
it, than I to Jpeak it. The 4IM'^" 'f f^lfi ^ 
Germany^ the Fleet that is featfy for Mjien, with, 
the refi of the Preparations, which I fyave enly Jglr 
kvf/my Father in, do Jt^cfevtly prove, that k' «t" 
tred, [not fuperfidally, but really and heartily^ 
ifm thii Jaion: 

My Lords m^ Gentla»e%, I hope that yw do re- 
pimier, that you were pUaJsd to employ me ta (ul~ 
vije my Father,' to ireai off thefe twt Treaties that 
were «r foot i Jo that Icofmot Jay, ibt/i / eamf 
, ^iiher a free taungaud Man- It is true, I (am* 
into this Bif/inejs ynUiagly attd frf'ly, Hi' d yfllg 
^fftn, fnfd ton/eqaaitly rafiilyi but tt wifs by ym 
fn^ejl, y^ifr Engagement : ^a that tbatigh it Wfffi 
dviu like a y«t^ Man, yet / cannot rfpent me ^ it, 
fH^ J thiiti none can blame me for it, htowtng tht 
Levi end Fidelity y9u have [erer] borne tayourKingt^ 
4 bamng 


r^ E N GLAND. ■ 34^ 

IwV mfiV* ^i*W^> A*« ^^ EM^rUaa tfytuf**,* Ctate.l, 
J^e&itnt, Ifrtn fui Trm^tr^ tb^ thli biing mf *••!• 
firft j4ffim* aid hgm bf ft^ Ahici and Intrsttjy . 
imat o /r-A?; I)(fiim>ar it vttrt [hatfa] tp yau «nd 
my if (hit A0i»n, fi htiUH, fi»uU Ml of th* Af- 
fifhna yoK nrr mklt to gwt itu, Tel knowing iht 
Ctlfitncj pf ymr Liui baib to mt tmd jhit Bufiutpy 
I »it4H n*t it bavt faid thii^ hut onfy to Jbnu vmeil 
Gini and Smji I have ef yeur Hanawi and mint 
tttm. J nwfi iittreat you liktwife to anfider of tht 
3^mes we art in, briu that I mii/l edvenita-* yttar 
Jiives (tvbicb I^tdihe Utb to da) finuld I emtimu 
pan htre long; and pu mufi vmttiro tht Bufinift^ If 
ym bo flaw in ytmr Refakaiomt. Wherefore I btfe ysu 
Viill take fttch grave [and wilie] Ctta^l, asjeuvaU 
fXpediU wbat you bavt in-bmd to do: H'bieh will 
do me and yntrfehoi an infmift deal ef Honour ; yaUy 
injbewing yonr Lenie to me ; and me, tbat I may per- ' 

fea tbat Wiori vibich my Father hatbfo bapfiiy hegfin. 
Jjift of aUy beteufiftme wudidam Men may, audit 
•fii I bfOTy bave givtn out, thta I am jut fo true a 
Keeper and JIdaintaiatr of the trut Religion that ^ 
j^^f i J t^irt you, that I may with A. Paul fay, 
(that I taave been trato'd up atGamaUtfi Feet: 
^nd although I fitall never be ft arrogant at to af- 
ifame unto myfelfthe refi^ IJbailJo far /hew the End 
■ ^ itt that all the World may fee, that us Man hath 
iten, nor ever Jh^ he more defiroui to maintain Hte . 
RdiguH Iprofefs, than I /ball be. 

Ii^oio becauft I am un^ftr much fpeakingy I mfdn 
to bring up the Fajbion of my Predteeffirs, to iaVf 
:Wf Lord Kttptr ^eiA for mt in mi^ loingi : Tbtrt~ 
fire I bave ammanded bim to ffeai fometbii^ ufdo 
yau at ibii Time, which it more for Formaiity, tban 
any great Matter he batb tt fay unto you, 

ThentheLordKeeper,^//r'«w,(i) aiJdcd,*Th9t a^* ifc* u** 
'f die King's mam Reafon of c^ling^e Parliament, KMp«r>, 

[11^ fMoMBitaJltpinirth 1^ rrai^, the Lora Ketperi It (Ul 
Tte^ «u Sir ISmmi e»vi*trj. Bat Mr, Pbifit*, in hii t^ «f %- 
hnWHSam, &)«, ihu Ui Lardfluf jBC'caaBBDcd LatdJC«qai| 
WBcb ii uojmi'd bjr dw Cinoits y^iuialim, whwe mo find 
Ihtt Sir ntmai Ctvarij mt not ippeuited u that OSu liU dw 


34^ lie, Par^ameKtary His T-6tiY 

' Jkm. T ChmUtl- * befides the beholding of his Subjcffe Faccs, w» 

**•!■ * to mind them of the great Ergagcmcnts for the 

, * Recovery of the Palatinate, impoled on his Ma- 

* jefty by the late King Ws Father, and by them- 

* felves, who brake off the two Treaties with 
. * Spain. Alfo to iet themunderffandj That the 

* fucceeding Treaties and Alliances,, die Armies 

* fentinto tiie Lovj-Ceuniries, the Repairing of die 

* Forts, and the Fortifying of Inland^ do ail meet 
-. ^ in one Centre, the PaUrtiliate ; attd that the 

* Subfidies granted in the laft Parliament, are ha«- 

* ill already fpcnt, whereof the Account is ready^ 
■-■, together with as much more of the King's Own 

* Revenue. His Lordfhip furdier commended 

* three Circumftances : 

* Firfi, The Time ; all Europe being at this Day 

* as the Pool of Bethe/Jay the firft ftirring of the 

* Waters muft be laid hold on: Wherefore his Ma- 
,* jefty defires them to beftow this [firfll Meeting 

* on him, or ratber. on their Actions ; and the 

' next fhall be theirs, as foon, and as long as they . 

* pleafe, for Domeftic fiufinefs. 

. ' Seeendljy The Suppfy ; if Subfidies be thought 
< too long and baclcward, his Majefty defires to 
' hear, and not to propound the Way. 

* ' Thiriilf, The Ifue of Mion ; which being Ae 

* firil, "doth highly concern his Majefty's Honour 
*,aiid Reputation, for wWch he relies upon their 

* Loves, with the grcatcft Confidence that evef 

* King had in his Subjcifts ; witnefs his Royal 
,* PoTey, Amer Civivm Regis Munimentum : And 

* hedoubts not, but as foon as he fhall be known 

■ * in Earopt to be their King, fo foon Ihall they be 
'. ' known to be a loving and loyal Nation to him.* 

jirTioTMi ^^^ Journals of the Lords here aJCft us to fill 

dttw, chofra up a Vacancy, in thofeof the other Houfc and" i;i 

ft«t"- Rupoiarth; and thatis aji Abftraft of the Speaker's 

Oration, on his being prefented to the King for 

, Approbation, and the Lord Keeper's Anfwer to it. 

: The former Authorities tell us. That, on J'ssf the 

■ '30lh, tbe Cominoos prefented Sir ThjjiaS Crewy Kt. 


V •/ EN G land:;: M9 

&(«eMm:.a<; hwn forthar Speak«t; .wiho,rta4« ^-■^**^* 
kis fonpai.EiicufeT butbeing-confirai'd inbiaCtfr - ** 

fice, heliddre^ himfelf to ^Tbrone in Wwla 

* He&rft^oteltcd that be undertook thf Office Hb Ontioa » 
of Speaker, in Obedience, only, to his M^efty ; '■« Ttaw* 
he rcn^Ribt-^ <he procnedtfrgs. in the Ufl rAott bdp- ■ 
py Pariiagwnt, Jn which be. pleafed.tlie lace.Kitjgi 
iH &iitous -Memoiy,' to sQc the Advice of. w* 
Peoi^i:ii[kl expreOed ttiiTi? Joyi^ Go^y-Wba 
bath.the Power 08 the Hearts Qf King*,. diK^M 
bid Majcfty^ tibat now W, to, proceed in tbe-liks 
Parlutmeh'i^tfy Coiufe. !Th«t,ias ^ Woipaii foi-- 
gets heclSotrow at the Bifth of a Man-.CliUd,.fo 
they, ^hca hia Majefly was placed oa his FaUwr'* 
Throne,: Iwd their Hopes^ that's* good King /fr* 
sefriri was five and 'btenty. .Yean of Ag^, :whea 
Ik bsgaD. to reian^ and :haTing. a wife and great 
Council, at his firft Entrance, IhcV/ed biv 
Zeal &i<S^-ahd hisCaee forKeligioQi fohil^a- 
j«fty bein^ of the &ine Age, and faring a faithU 
Fei^Ie to advife him, will foatatain true KeligipB 
iuid i^el'ftntient X<awG, ia mutli efteemed in all 
Age*.' In this, he faid, .thtir Hopa were the grea£r 
«-,. for that his M»t% begijoa with a Parljaownt* 
amj remeiUbers his.Fjithci'i Choige to:ntainuin oUt 
Reli^on. That it was God's aierciful Power m 
hdng his Miuefty back out of D^^ager when he wu 
ja a drance. Land. He exprcfied &eir Sojrrow for, 
jus then Abfe'nce, and exceeding great Joy at hii 
faff Return ; and Jliumbly befought hts M«Mft)t» 
That now God had put the SwoiS into hU Hand, 
he would ex^d it for the Recovery of th« Pnh' 
^niUft fo difhonoursbly gotteniajid kept by hoftil< 
Arms ; wfaicdi wU antiently a Refuge for Religion £ 
and aot io iaSer tJiofe Locufls.the .yrfuitr to t^ 
Mp the good Things of this I^^nd. r He acknov-^ 
Jedged Us Majcfty's Stem, to be lineally defended 
from LutitiSf the firft Britijh King that embraced 
the Gofpel; and concludol with the accuftooied 
iPctidons forFteedoRi frotp Arrefts, euiuU^fidt^da, 
It riSmtit dunng tbtsPvliuKntj.foi Fiwdom 

of , 


'*'^* ' M Mflfiiw ^bmifelves «tiMfi tbv I^ts of Diit* 
tad Kloddlyj. Accefi w HbMi^dfyoti ail nralftd 
Occafions ; and 2 benign Inttrprctadon of all <daie^ 

•' AffiWut BJld Of dwhiaS^dti in particular/ 

''^ hl?*^ "^^ l^'t)'^ Kdepef, Umiw Ivft hid CaaSenntit 
mr, A>Aw. ^^ ^ n-jjjg^ «tfi*eiwl to. «hi. EffeS : .' Thai 
Int Majiftj' tad aHpty acodpt^ tlwfipesdiei^BObe-< 
iknco, dt6*lw r^Tpd hisSacnfice. Thattw re^ 
AMtAred-dtoiaftPartiimenttolwhapp^} aiiltiit>M 
fi> BcCOtifttd bjr dM hte King^ fo eftemed ^ M 
M^efty, and & It ppWcd by the Eiem, id 'tnUcH 
^e twb Tnatle* with $p«>M wore di^>l«rid, ttid & 
ftiUiy »acibn Laws eAJi£t«l. It bi«ca*i« ths laU 
King lo to clofc his Qovemmenti in whiqh Pa^ • 
fittndnt, our prcfent Kin? being a pnadpal AAor, 
he can fMver forget the DeJiTei of the' Ctfmnom 
bclr ttw Wilhe» of the LoMi.' 

< ThatlusM^eflytskesmgMMlPlTtMfjSiWift- 
kf» Obftrratran of tbe Avb- Circuni{hit^ af his 
EtftranOe fcthe Crown } aa that hs began #l{h a 
ParliaiMnti that he came to us whhNoUi Blood* 
, being lineally delcended ftom the antkfli Jfr-iilii/t 
Kings [^ tiiat kw Suocefflon' fwtetned ^4w L«4s of 
bis gloTiotis Fttber ; that God was wiA tdm lir a 
ft^irige Land, and^tiveredhinffOmthcncB; cfreft 
as God va& with i/0/M, fo be he always with tut 
.Majefty, to which let A\ fay Ankn. ' And, laftly^ 
that his Ms^efty [ffofi'lles the true Religion, it being 
tke taft Bteftrig his Padier gave htm eo have, a IpcJ- 
cial Care thtfreof. As t/U. Spedlexr recommends 
to his Maiefty the' Laws of the -Lami \, fo he, alfi>» 
Toconunends the '&me to the LawyeHs ) diat 4n^ 
ftudy the antient Laws, th«infeW«s, and nut the 
AlM'idgeinents. And whereat you reprdent so Iw 
Maje% thai unjuft AoquMkion of the P«/«tMA% 
th« Dimonour of our Katitftf^ no Maii caM but bfe 
tenfible of his M^%'^ Care for the Rec«veiy 
dlfereof i he having gitien- a lively Reprefentatios 
of fab AffedloB to it, faimfdif, the oi^er'Doy ill 
this flase. He now hopes that ye vtha-hlR drtar 



. «/ EN G L A KD. 351 

bimijtto A£)A^on'il>iIl gtveUiB ftidtSuppUern** * citarltfl. 
vrtll Hitble hknr to peHsim it.' . *•''* 

< And, M tBiidiiHKtbeBinifldKncof thofeLo* 
■ tufla tha P/iflfts,aiul Jcfvits, hii Ma^cfty coaiateitdi 
thu Saving of' St. jtatbrBft^ ITmt tht foortft Mm 
kath Iitlertfl iit R^ligioti. Yet, he 4efii:et yaa td 
tntft him with the Manned thereafy and be will bti 
Qiftful to girs yon g6od Ssti&fii^oii of his Zesd 
Aisreia. ' Z^fth^. ** touching Mr. Speaker's PeCJ" 
tidiu-fbr yoiir rrltttms, fail Maje&y,grsjUs dieiir 
all without anjr iJAuudon; knD#tng wellthdi 
^rielv«& wUl pteUh the Afaufet ttlerto£* 

The fifft BuRnefs dorte, in the Hoiife of Com- ti* CammoM 
Aons, ^t^u'to appoint a folemti faft Shibn^ft thenar *pp^jneii » F«t 
fclves (0- It had been ttltCuftom in fcveral late Par- ^^ ^^■ 
liaments to begin Jii the &me Manner, but now it 
'4ras, tnofe particmarTy, Urged, on account of th^ 
^nefal Plague which Vas rouiid them'. The next 
•ay, yunt 24d, ^ Committee of Privileeofl anJ 
Eltxlions being appointed. Sir Benjiinia R«JyarJtio&»fM»piqi 

g" t up and fc^e to thii Effeft: * That the late Honww b«. 
iftiftts taken bfetween the latfe feihgahd hlsPar^^J^ "^ 
IJaments, were the chief C&ufe of all Sie Mtferies of 
&e Kirtgdolft. The firft Turri of vliSict, towards 
a.Recanciliation, was' given by the iidw King, then' 
Pjince ; by whtdi accrued more BeAem to the Sub- 
ject, than in any Parliament thefe many hundred 
Years. \^hac miywe then expeA froiH him, be- 
ing King^ and having Power in his own Hands t 
His goodnatiiril Difpofition; his Freedom from 
Vice i ' his Travels abroad ; his being ired in Pmr~ 
Oamrnti (J), promifed greatiy. Therefore, he mov- 
ed to take fuch Courfe now to fweeten all Thing! 
between King and .People, that they may never 
after difagree. 

Sir Ediuard Cake moved, * iThat there itiight be 

riO Cothmlttees for Ort^i'ances or Courfs «f Juftice i 

fitft, inrefpeft'of Ehc Plague ; next, becaufe this 


(fjlrtftieyiir i^ti.At.ii.'Elix. the CoDiiftons fcwlng ippmnt- 
tAtSm, <; tbair orfd AuMtarMrt thtQuMilUgtttT.RtMUd^ tlM 
iMwfio* upou her AatlianQ fac^fbi^ Sm Vcl, IV. p. ;f6. 
- (J) it ipport bv &e terJi Jtuhuh, >□ the I'A Re'BO, tbit llw. 
Pfffc* of /f«b d^ UitnM Eb« Serricc of thcHoQlo. 

3»2 TbeiP'Orliamintay- H-i s f ,o * V 

An. I chulet L ^g^s the very Bcguiiting of the new King's Reigff^ 

' ^* in which there can be no Grievances u yel ; third-' 

l]r, becaufe the Bedd<Hi agninft Grievances, in fhe 

\iSt Parliament of the late Kin§i was preferred 

too iate; oijlyOo petition fbr on- Anfwer to thef«. 

Fer, adds he^' though Aie Prince is gone the King 

liveth; no Jttterj-egmtm.' "■ ■ 

The reft <rf:this Day's Debates turned, duefly, 

on raifing a Supply, and the onty Tbpic-of puttlfl|^ 

die Laws in Execution s^ainft yifidtt, Ptpifi*^ 

frieftt^ &c. The SoUicitor General acfluaintect 

the Houfe,. ' That the Xing had [taken Care 6*^ 

the^ [.Grievances preferred the laft Parliament ; and, 

7 at any gne Day *he Houfe would alBgq, Satis&C-. 

, , , , tion would be given them, therein.' 

. ■ The Plague ftill raging more and mpre, rn and" 

about Lowi^h," made the Members' of both-Houfes. 

Very'uneafy in'th^ir Sjtyation «iy^5(^ffj;»/?W ; fome 

pi them taki'iigNoticei.that.^he Bell wastolling" 

every Minute,.'wliil(l; the.y were fpeaking. At the 

' '\ .Petition of both "Houfes, the King p roc Ipined a 

A general Faft, all over ihe Kingdom, on a certain 

. .-... 1 Day i and his 'Majefty in Perfon, went with the 

(wo Houfes to Prayers and Sermon, at St. Mar', 

iartt's Church iri mftminfter. 

July 4. Sir Edward Coke reported the King's 

Anfwer to the Commons Petition, about a RecefS'. 

f'rom Parliament, at this ftckly Seafon : * That the:* 

K'tig had taken their Safety, which he valued more 

than his own, into Confideration ; and when hc' 

mould hear the Commons were ready with their 

Bills, for he would not haften them in any thing, 

he would piit an End to this SeSion.' ' 

The Lorti n!^ ■ -The next Day, the Bill for granting two entire 

the Bill of Tsa- ^»^(/;Vf, pafled the Commons } Tennage and Peun-' 

^^•J^"^' ' da^f v/ss, alfo, giv»i.i,but,-hecau^ itwaslimit-' 

Y»«t oali! ™* ^^ ^°'^ '■".^ Year, wliereas, former Grants to bis 

Majefty'sPredeceflbrs were for Life, the Houfe of 

Lords would not pafs it. It was alfo d^lared, 

* That the Intention and Reftdution qf the Houfe 

was, as in the Ad of Suhfiift Zi Jac. that alt 

Charges meriuoncd there, are to be acdufted out 


'9/ ENGLAND.- 3^ 

^X\lie SuBfiiEes and PifieeHthtj Hid to be paid ad Ax. iaktdbti. 
Cording to that Adf.' "'i'- 

yuff 7. An AMt caiffe oh iii the Houfe of 
Commons, which miifl make a great Noife at that 
Time. A Complaint had been made there againft 
fane Dr. Afi)ntagu,.f6r. printiirg aliA publithing a Cmmlilift •- 
Book, called An ^peed lo C«(kr'. Th e itccordersumi) Dt. Mo»* 
X>i London, one of the Committee appointed to ex-***** 
'amine into this Matter, made a Report, * That the 
Archbilliop of Cantrrhury had ccnfured the faid Dr» 
-MontagB for a former Sook (/7, and had told himj 
Ihat tho' there were fomc Things in it whicA might 
ifeceive a favourable Interpretation ; yet there were 
bthers in it not of that Nature. Tn which the Com- 
mittee all agreed, That the Archbifhop had doni 
what was fitting : But they w»re of Opinion, That 
there werri manyThirtgs contained in theDo^or'i v 

Books direfljy contrary to the Articles of Religioh 
eftablifhod by Parliament j aS that the- Church of 
JEiMff was vtra ChrijH EccUJkT, t* Sptmfa Chrifit j 
and that the faid Church eadem Fundamtnta DnHrin^ 
6? Sacramentorum nitiiar : That the Committee 
hdd diis fecond Book as faflious and feditiouS,tend-^ 
ing manifellly to the Diflwnour of the late King; 
and the Dilhirbanc^ (if both Church and States For 
th£ ^rft, he deiies that Jrminius was the Jirll that 
infected Liydm with Errors and Schifms : That 
the Synod of Dort, fo honoured by the late King, 
was flighted by him ; callft it forinfecus, and par- 
tial j he knows not what Ends they had, nor cares ■; 
fiw them : He dire£ls hi* Book to the prefent King, ■ ' 
and calls it Apptlla drfarim^ and yet fays the Pope is , 
hot Antuhrlfiui ; which is contrary to what the late 
King himfelf had wrote to all CAry?/<w Princes. The 
Committee think that there is enough in this Book 
to put a' Jealoufy between the King and his well^ 
affefted Subjects. SaVs there are fome amongft ui 
ihas defire an Anarchy, and means the Puritansy 
whom yet he hath not defined. He plainly inti- 
Vot. VI. Z mates 

(f) Tlie firf Book w« aWti, A o™ Gar /o' *n »'i Cesft, 
in Airtwtr to a S^ifi Book, caUtd, A Ctg, fir tbt nna Gtffti, 


554 fbe PdrS^iueiay ffi.sTonY 

j^ I ckuktL mma that tticrc arc. iViAn Bfiwps ; yudr tb4 
>^i* Cammittee conceived tended much to tlu Diftwo 
WiKeofthePe^cevaChun^ and State. He raipc^ 
BtUarmiatt but flighted Cohix, Bauiy PtrHu^ 
H^itaker, and Rtyritids, In this Book he much di(- 
countenaoces God^ Word, difgraccs LcAiiRs aaA 
X'C^lurers,' and Preaching ttfejfi. nay, evCBF^dii^ 
the Bible. That never a Saint-feeming, Bibtcv 
bearing, hypocritical Puritan was a better Patriot 
than hitnfelf. Upon the wholc) That the FnQC 
pf the Book WW ta encourage F*^ ; in naio- 
taining tlt« i*<i:^j/?J to be the tcuc Church, and that 
th^ difier not from m in any Amdameatal ^lii^ 
IF thetefore ti>ey hold w Heredcs, and ooC to h« 
laved, and we hold the contrary of them, «rti9 
.will not think it tiSei for us to be in theh- Qhiml^ 
than in ours ? The P«pifti read, and comnupd tliif . 
Book to others to be lead ) whereis the^ fuffsr aoof 
of ours to be read amongft them. \wj. He hl4 
4one an Injury to tbu Houfe in two Poiqtc : Tb«t 
whan he knew his fvrA Book was there queflioogda 
Mid referred to ^ An^tQtop of C^Otrkurji Svi 
Cenfuros, he printed a ncW Book worie tbwi 4ui 
former. And wbensi a Petitian l»d been pK&r-* 
red t9 this Houfe by one Tates and Wari^ h<! Ivf 
they are Pwitamt, althff' they hav? fubfcriboi tM 
Arttcles > and to revile ^m for thisi is a Reflap* ■ 
tion upon the Houfe.' 
lit Kb% icier- Upo>i ^ Queftion»it was reftJved, That, « thnr 
fob in iat Fi- next Meeting, the Lurds fliould be acquainted widt 
'**"'' thefe Books, ajid a Conference to be piay«d with 

their Lordlhips about them ; Likewilc tor itToHctl 
as it is termed, to coounit him to the Cuflody of 
the Sergeant at Arms, to anfwer his Contempt iji 
the next Seffion. But the King fending a^dQ^gf 
to the Houfe, that Dr. Mmtagu, being his Servant, 
and Chaplain in Ordinary, he had taki^ the Caa(^ 
into his own Hand ; wilhed they wbuld enlarge 
iiim, and that he would take Care to give the Houfe 
Satis^i&'on in it ; the Dodor, upon giviqg in 
fiail of 2000/, was difcharged out of C)^ody. 



•^ *f EN0t and; ^5j 

thta WW the Boft nwt«!ri!a'Bufine& th«, Com^ ** Jfa^"** 
kMOS went upon^ in t^ firft Se£on of this Parlui- *' *' 
mflPtt NorfrSB.nheireanjTliing done, worth NUt 
liilh \^y t^ LcH-da, oxccittthe IiitrodufUon tnto that 
Hoiife of Jtin £vl of Oirm Oinw- Earl of BiJmg-. 
trti4, Frvncii Extl oF ir^hnartiatid, JViiUam Lord 
Vlfcqunt; Say add SeaU, Jamtt Lord £7, Lord 
{1^ TlMfiucT of England (g) and EAvafd Lord 
£>«r^|, Sflc/etary of Bmte. ' They alfo joined in 
a Pfltltion to the king «i^ the Commons, about 
U«tt»B of Sfligiptl : To which his Majcfty an- 
fvMcd« * That Irf was very glad to find the Par- hu bbjf^* .^ 

* l(ai»cot£»^rwardJQ&didoni and affured them ^"^"^ ''^'l* 
1 t^t ^%j fliauld lind him equally Sa : But that i,«'KcU,iak 

f theif P«titi(»i being lotw, the Anfw«r to it miift 

* be duferrcdto anothBr Opportunity.' 

Jiiif tlw I ttb, the pa^ that both the Houfes do- 
wi a ReqeA, on acnumt of the Contagion, aftbi 

* Mccion to that PuTpoft> the Commons ordertd, 
i That their Houfe ftiould be called over the ^ird 
P»7 of ttut Qcxc Meeting, and thofe Members thaC 
weieab£mt fltauld incur the Qenliire of Ae I{<Hife.f 
AftvwBrds, bvng informed by the Lords, that a 
GMVvftQn was come to tiiem to pals die fiilts^ 
Wld adjofirn the Houfaa, the Speaker went up with 
|l« ceft.; and, upon [Mrafcnting t^e Sul^dy Bill, 
tl^cb, he laid, was the £rft Fruits oS their Love, 
tbs I«9ld Cmnuaj, Secretory of State, fpoke to this 
SUrpofe; * He finiificd the King's gracious Ac- j^ j;,^,,^ ^ 
ceptance of the Bill of two Sttbfidies i yet, that the picfenutbesnre 
tieceffity of the prefcnt Affairs were not therewith of f«w|nAa«i». 
iatufied, but required their further Counfela, He 
BVninded them ^at the late King was provoked be- 

^ntd his Nature, to undertake a War for the Re- 
ravwy of his Children's ancient Patrinony ; that 
the Charges of this War af^eared, by Computa- 
4ion, to amount unto 700,000/. a Year ; to fupport 
Ac Nttbtrlands, and to prevent the Emperor's De- 
figra of concluding with the Princes of Germany, 
ntteiiy to exclude the PaUgrevei he levied aii Pit' 
Ky under Count A^biti^ld ; the Kings of Dtit' 
Z 2 mari 

(19 SmmUow bcfim Lori Chkf JaSice of ibt Kbit'* Btoch, 

r_ ':■■ (..(Kittle 

^56 *I%e pHrUmentary Htfr ORV 

$». I dudtM I. mari and Sweden^ and the Princes of Gtrtmmyy le- 
**■** vied another ; Franet, Savoy, and Venitt, joined to-" 
^ gether for a War of Divcrfion j and, laftly, tiJ up- 

hold the NttherlanJi, the Charges of Mtmsfitl^s 
and the Damflt Anny muft yet continue.* 

The Lord Keeper then told the Haufes, ' That 

bis Majefty had received their Petition 'about Reli- 

^on, and had anfwered it, in f(Hne Meafure, Itefere j 

but now he had done it to the full ;' which Peti-^ 

llie PttOuMot ^n an4 Anfwer will appear in the Sequel, After- 

•^mnaed to •>- wards the two Houfet adjourned (the Lords accord- 

^^^^ "^ to the King's Commiffion, Sut rfic CommoBs of 

^^ tlwmfelves) to the-firftof ^lyij/? next, atOxfirJ. ' 

The Contagion ftill raging very fore, ^c Re- 

cnpt of the King's :Exchequer was removed to 

' Richmond', and alt the Fairs, within 50 Miles of 

Londeriy were prohibited, to' prevent a more genolil 

Infe^on. During this Oion Recefs an hSaii hap^ 

peaed, which occafioned much Dtfeuft agairdl ^e 

Prime Miniftet, the Duke oi Buciingham.- This 

Nobleman loft no Ground in lofing bis old Mafter, 

King yamei,; fyi, if poffible, he was a greater Fa« 

vourite with the Son and Succcflbr, than ever he 

bsd been with the F^er : His Popularity, )unv- 

ever, had begun to fall off fame Time i and all 

the Reputation he had gained, in his Recital of fala 

Conduct in Spaiiiy as mentioned in ^ laO: Reign, 

was blafted byfome Sufpicions that wen entertain- , 

ed of that Af&ir, and his Mifmanagcment <tf the 

Adminiflration ever fince. . . 

The religious War in Frarui was now very warin ; 
the T.own of RofhtU was in the Hands of the Pro- . 
teflatits, and the Frinch King preparing to bcfiege 
it^Jjy Sea and Land, fome Ships of the Navy Royal 
of £nglan4if With their Complements of Men, were 
lent to the French for that Purpafe : Sut their 
Crews abfolutely refufed to fight againft People of 
their. ow^ Religion ; and a Tumult began amongft 
them, ih which they got up their Anchors and fet 
Sail for Etiglandf faying, They would rather be 
bang'd ax. h^me, than be Slayes to the FrauJi, and 
do Hurt to their Brethren. The Dulce ordered 


■. .»/■ EN.G L A f} iS."' 3j^ 

■Adnural Pennington togo back with the Ffe:f,'A». i cWleiC 
which he did j but ftill all the Companies declined ''^S*' 
the Service, and adiiially left their Ships before they; 
would fubmit to fuch Orders. This Affair hap- 
pening in the Interval of the Recefs of fariiament, 
■ gave the Duke's Enemies greater Scope to execute 
their Defigns againfl him. 

• On the firft of Augufl the Parliament met at Ox~ 
ftrd; and on the fourth, the Ldrds and Commons 
4#^e bommanded to attend the King, in the Great 
ffcll-aB Chriji-Churcb i where he fpakc to them as 

^ My Iiot^s, and you of the Commons, 
'T^S «// remember, that from your Defires atii The Klnt'i 
■''^ AikiKeyTny Father, nnv with God, brake a^Speeth to tfacai. 
iiw// fttw Treaties with Spain that were then itj hand t 
■freil pU 0H^ farefav}, that, as •wellfor regaining m^ 
■iifyoffijjid Bratier's Inhmtarue, as hma Defines, a 
'mar was Ukely tofuccted j and that as your Counfeh 
■hM led- my Fathn- into it, fi your Jfi/iance, m a 
'fariiamentary Way, ta purfue it, fioti/d net he want' 
iitg. That Aid you gave him by yfdvict, %tias fir 
'Sxeetitr ef bis Allies, the guarding of Ireland ani 
4ht home Pari, Supply of Munition, preparing end 
fitting forth of his Navy. A Cofincil you thought 
■iff ana appointed fir the War, and Trtafiirtrsfiir 
tffuing if the Monies : And,- to begin this Wcrk tf 
yaw Advice, you gave Three Subfidics, Fifteenths, 
OttdTtn^i; which, with Speed, were levied, and, by 
' Direaion of that Couneil ef War, ( in which the Pre^ . 
paratiin af this Navy was not the leafl) di/hurfed^ 
■ It pleafed God, at the Entrance of this Prepara^ 
.lion, (by your Advice begun) ta. (all my Father to hit ■ 
Mercy, whereby I entered as well to the Care af your 
Defign, as his Crown. I did not then, as Princes do, 
ef^ Cufiam and Formality re-affemble you, but ihat^ ' ' 

by your farther Advice and Aid, I might he able if 
proceed in that /which, by your Counfel, my Fath^ 
was engaged in, Taur Lave to the, and Forward- 
nefs to further thofe Affairs, you exprejjed by a Grant 
tf Two Sub&dies, yet ungathered ; altbo' / mujl iif; 

X % fin 

r.„i",i-,Go(.)glc . 

'^ 1 Chiles I^/jrmr, iy itisT^lfandothen, upan Crt£t taktu UfiauM, 
f**i'. ■ forehand dijiurfeti i liilall/<>rUoJb)rttMytf,t«/a 
forth the N^avy now preparing i [as I have latdjr found 
by Eftimate of thofe of Care aod S^ilt a;n[|lQye4 
about it. Before you could be aoquaifUcd fiillij • 
ivith thefe Weceffitics of further Aid, itjrftaftd God 
to vifit the Place of youx ^l^bly t}ien with % 
grievous Pl^ue, To ftay you in that paagerhad 
p^eti a Neglect of my juf): Carf^ and to pfortigUB 
die Parliatnent ha4 t>ecn to deAroy i^be Eat«zprise t 
I therefore adjouroed you (o this Place* & P)a<t 
' then free frpm that Infe^ioji, with whif:t.'4(.itl4 
pleafed God fiocc alfo to vifit it. Here, then, to hold 

}'ou long againft yotir 6wn Dcfix^ wei«'to ocftda 
ittleC&reofyourSafEtiesi and to^dioumitv ^^^r 
-^ut your further Helps, were to deftroy the rW^ 
^ratjon ^ready mai]e : I therefore leatrc f))«. Citf, 
of both to your Elediofis, Ke^lutiojut*, and Ath-. 
(wefs J opiy acquainting you with .jny own Optr. 
niOn, which is, That it is better fer,'both for yrtW 
Honours and minc« i^^t,- with Hzzard of half^.'#(b 
Fleet, it be fet foru), than, with die a^i^redJ^^ 
f>f fo much Provifion, itheftaycd atH(;v;ntet. 
. ^ The wlMle Particular of all £x^p(3»,ab«t9,4^B 
■^jrepiatation fhall be laid before yon, w^ti f <>^ flMtll 
l»e picafed to overlopk them^ and tbe jLord T*«fr 
iurer, with other Miniijlefs ^pl<9ye^ ,,&<i% 90i 
• with .theipj (h), 

i After his "Majedy had ended this Speeph^ he^c«pir 

" hianded his Secretaries,, the Lord Csmuay and. .Sir 

yahti Qoi, more particularly to doclar? th^ Aref^kC 

State Of his Affairs j which they did to, diisEfifeft: 

LotdConvrayind* •+^tlAT our SoveJ-eign Lord' King jl'fZHKi,- ot 

ilcitVs^i'tc*.,^ famous Memoir, at theSuitofbothTHouft* 

of \h/ King'*. * hf Parliament, and by the powerful 'Operation 

Aff»in, *, of his. Majefty that now is, j^ve, CiMi&nt fit* 

; break ofF the two Treiwies with ^tf(», touchii^ 

* the Match and. the ^alatiaaif, 3^ ito vindicat* 

'.--■. , , ^ the 

■ OV.T^s'}«n«'pajr>^..>ndAeRft, vMip CiiittlM^ m.»^tt^ 

i^g HufiiMrti, but fappljed ffom tin Ltr/i JtHrntli. 

v^ E NOLAN D. . 35^; 

■ l&e tainy Wrongs atid Scorns done unto h« Ma- *»•■» Ch^tai (j^ 

* jeftyandhisRopiChildren: BefidesjiftheKIng- *' , 

* Vf Spain were fuffered to proceied in his Conque^,' 
' Uilifor Pretence of the Cadlolic Cauft, he wfiulij' 

* become the Cathdic Monarch, which h« fo much 

* vS^&a^ Midarpires untd. Atfo amidft tfaefeNc-' 

* ceStiest our late King ctinltderrd that he ratghlf 
^ run a Hazard w^h his People^ who b«i:^ (a\oa.^ 

* dmrvd to Peace, were unapt to War-} that the 
f wit[4ng with other Prsvincet kA this UnderCkking,' 

* Was ft Matter <rf e3i:c«eding Difficul^. This 
f l«w ijiio to new Treaties for regaining hitf 

■ Cht1<ken$ Right, wtiifiti 'Wet% cxpulfed by th^ 
^ Friends and Agentb of 'SfOin; aAd vdiereiR bis 

* .Maj«% proceeded as &r as th« wiTcft Prinob could 

* go, apd fufFensd htinfelf to be won unto tlut, 

* wMch oAerwife was iitiipoAUe for hit &oya| 

< Natiut tn endure, H<t coniidered ^o tiie uaaif 
*■ Difficulties abroad j the pviCe of Bmaria^ hf 

< Foi4» «nd OmtraA, had tlie fialotinatt in his 
f tiWn P<^l^on ; tnoft t)f the El^ort arid Princes 
' of GrrmaHy were join'd with him [ die Eftates of 
^ «dier Princes, mo^ iikely to join in a -War of 
' Recoverys were Icized and fbcul*d« and aU by a 

* conquorlng Aifiiy : Brildes, the £naperor iud 

* Ctikd a Dwt, ih whidi he tronlJi t«kc awav nil 
f Poffibflity -of recovering {he Efenour -and Infaori^ 
f tatice of the Pale^mtti : Thus .ft flood -in i3*ri 
^ many. Asid, in f^amty 'tiKKu^tlwre>chofe.t<k 
'^ Ibeath t^s Sword in the &»wels of ius own ^vAyi- 

* jeds, rathn- than to declare agiinft the Cadiolie 
f Gaufe, {n the Low eittmMm, the Sc^ of the 

* Ormii^ans [»evailM myob, wbo inclined <o the 

* Rbmant rather than to thek own Safety, notwithir 
f Aandihg that the Enemy had a great and power-; 

* ful Anny near thpm } fo that his Majefty waS 
^ enfercdl Tt> proteft: Bx\d countenance tbcm With 

■ an Army of '6000 Meta from hence, with a Cau^ 

* tion [^ Miftyment »f ibt Charges] and tiw likft 
> Supply further, if requfa-ed. Moreovff, he 

■ fought Alliance wiA Frimu^ by a Match for hit 
« Rq^ Majefty ^hat now is, thereby to have In- 

. , Z ^ . ' tercft 


fhe. Pst^aHuniaff HUTO^v 

'tChuWiI.* tcrcft in that King, and to make him 2 PartT-^ 
i6is^ t -j-jj^ j^ft Ctmfider^Uon was his Majefty's own- 
*'. Honour, who had laboiufd with the two Kjng'^ 
V of Genmark a^id Sw^if^ ajfA the Qtrmcn Pfinces, 
*. from whom he received but cold ^nfwers, they 
*. refufiiig to joia> unlcfs they firft faw hisMajefiy 

* in the Field : But pf this hf was very tenderi un- 

* le& tiie League ^as brpken, <)r he iirft W9^r^ 
*. upon. The Fojcea gf ^ Anjiy were conf|dfr- 

* pd, and the Way of proceeding, whether by In- 
1 vafion. or Diyeriion ; Th? Charge; thereof ap- 
\ peared in F^H^ment to be ,700,ooo,^- 2 Year; 
f befides Irtland was to be fortified, the Forts hera 
S repaired, and a H^ij prepared, he thoygbt it fea- 
f Able toentertntoti'League vviththei^rnw King, 

* and the Qulce of S<fi^y aiid VenutK. 

* Herevpon ah Army wa$ coitiniitted tci Coi^t 

* Mansfitldy thepharKewbErepf cag^ to 20,00Q/. 
, f ('(■) aMonth (6t hia Majefty's Pgrt; alfohcpom- 

; manded the prepttnog of this great i^leet : Ail 
f which' fq heartened tb<; Princes of G#rfnanx, t)jat 

* they {ent Amhafl^Qt's to the King& of Deipnari 

* and &vt^th ^d thofe two Kings offered a grea^ 
^. Army, both of Hpffe and ; Fqpt, , to w^ich |ut 
f Malefly wm to p^ s Proportion. Count Mans- 

* JielJ's Anpy, tho' difeftr,ous, produced thefp h^p7 

* Efiefti : PirJ^ Jt prevented the Diet intended by 

* the EmpeiQi;. S'comily,. The Gtrpttnf prificet 
f gained new Courage to defefid thenifelves and 
^ oppofe their Enemies. Thirdly, The King (^ 

* Demimrk liatb rajfed an Army, witfe which nc i< 

* matched' in Perfop »s 6r as Mindtn, Moreover, 
f the Confederates of France and Imly have profe.* 
f cuted a War in Milan, and Peace is now mad* 
f bythe^r«fAKingw'tl>bi9ownSubjei5tsi fo t^ 

* by this Means, given tQ o^r Affairs. 

* This Parliament is not called in mQcr. Fof malltf 

* upon his now Maje^'f firll coming to the Crown; 
f but up6ntheferealOec3£ons, to confuk with the 

* I^rds and ComtpoiM : Two £u^/i(frM are a^regdy 

* given, afldgracioully accepted 3 but ^4 Monte* 

(0 ta « 


^ Jg.N &L.A.ND, 36t 

-, , add much more, are, already difburiM.*">'**^> 

f A Fleet is now at Sea, and haftening to their Ren- ***** 
f dezvous, the Army is leady at Plymeuth, expeS- 

* ing their Commanders. His Majfty's Honoiir*. 

* Religion, apd the .Kingdom's Safety, is hercen- 
' g<%ed, befides, he is certainly advifed of Dcflgiu 

* to infeft hi^ Dominions in Ireland, and upon our 

* oy/n Coafta', and of the Enemy's IncreaTe of Ship-- 

* ping in all Parts.'. Tbefe Things have called 

* the Parliament hither, and the prerentCharge of 

* all amounts to aljove 400,000/. the further Pro- 

* fecution whereof, the King being unable ^ohear, ^ , 

* had& left it to their Confohatlons.. His Majefty 

* is verily perfuaded, that there ^no King that iove» 

* his Subje<9s, Religion, and the Laws of the 

* Land, better than himfelf ; and likewiTe, that 

* there is no People that hettcr l()vp their King, 
' which he will cberilh to the uttermoft. It was 
*. thought that this Place had been fafe for this Af- 
. femfuy ; yet, fince the Sicknels hath brought 
f lome ^ear thueof, his MajeAy willeth the Lords 

* and Common; to put into the Balance, wttb thq 

* FcaroftheSicIuiefs,hisandtheir£reatandWctgli- 

* t^Occafions. 

Then the Lord Treafurer added, ' That the late 
'. King, when he died, was indebted to the City (^ 

* LonSon i20,ood/. befides Intereft, and indebted 

* iot Dtumank /iaA the Palatinate 150,000/. and 

* indebted for his Wardrobe 40,000/. That thcfe 
f Debts li^ upon his Majefty that now is, who 'a 
' indebted unto Lendan 70,000/. That he hath 
? laid out for his Navy 20,000/. and 10,000/. 
' for Count ^fin;/«^. And, for Mourning, and 
f Funeral Expenees for his Father, 42,000/. , For 
; Expenees concerning the Queeni 40,000/. The 

* Navy will require, to iet it forth in that Equi* 
; page as is requifitefor the grcai DeCgn his Maje- 
f ' fty hath in Hancjf . and to pay them for the. Time 
f intended for this. Expedition, 300,000/.-' 

Xhe Proceedings of the Comnums being now, 
the principal Thing .done in this PaiUament, we 
s - ■ ■ . fliall 

36*- TAf Patiiaautilafy HistoAy* 

At.*itt*fctli'-o^Vthreily fijHow the Authority of tbA->«r»ill&' 

S" ■ for WT Teftifnony therein. We are told, Tbat the 

firtt Day of this ScAon, Ac Affair of Dr. .AftitW- 

The Coramooi g^'s Bodcs was htooght again on the Catpct, by 

M<un4^ ' Atms tbM the Houfe, thst he hfcd the Draw's 
Bond oF 2000/. for his Appearance ; but that be, 
had XteAj got a Letter from, him dut he Was fick 
of tite StoQc : On ■rfhich tht Serjeam: Was tadtred 
to produce both the Bohi and the Letter. ' Tlie' 
SolUcitOT-Gtneral beggy Leave to put the Houfe 
■ in mind Of biS M^nfy't Mefl^e to them beftire 
t)|e Idl tlecefs ; afip moved to ac^aiitt the ^iog 
■#iBi the Particulars and Con&quefltfes 6f Th^ 
Boole, and doubted n:ot but tliey would ^an Leave 
to -fend for him. Hereupon aDdjate arofe, Wbc-t 
, titer afty of the KiiVg|» Servants might lye queition- 

«(! ih mat Houfc ? Ofte Ufged the Danger of fucl^ 
an Exemption ; and others named fome Inftances - 
Vriwre they had ; as, particularly, the Cafe of Sir 
t'hMuis Parrjy who was a Privy Counfeilor, whonj 
Ae King "defired might be left td him ; but th« 
Hcoile would not content, but expelled him, Mr, 
Wientwartb f afterwards Earl of Straffixd) mention-: 
ejthfe Lord Chancellor Beacon's and thft Lortl Trca- 
hcte MiddUfi>^i Cafe, whom this Hboft*SaU with y 
he (aid Msntagu reproached Biblt--bearers, «hidi 
wtt the. Arms of that Unirerfity ; and moved td 
^fodexAt^nVt him for a Contentpt of that Htirfe. 
TM» Was agr^ to, and to pray aCooferem:e wltl^ 
theLot^sabotitit'; wot to meddle with hisTcnetSj 
taft tb leave tiiem to the Biftiops.. The Serteant 
IMS omnmanded, at his Peril, to bring Dr, Manta~. . 
^ to the Henley with all convenient Speed, and lie 
to ftand Committed till he Ihsll be difcharged by the 

The Commons then proceeded to take into Coti- 
SfliMtion the Kin^s Speech, and the f&hfequeni 
Accountfrom Ae Stcretaries ; and ordcted. Thai 
all the Members Ihall attend the noct Morning, and 
iiotdepartwitfiout Licence, on Piun of the Gen- 
fttre ot the Houfe. ' ' 

'. JtipiH S^ Ttw:t«b CUMd^ra^Df tie £>««« Ab. « ctad. » 
i|)iCT to4 Ptichy, drt 'rrta6m!r,'cf Hie Hoiilh6ld, '*'»•■ 
and fine RltKCv moMd fertitft %^^^ % #bidi, tUe^ 
^d, in«^ be two $MiJMn, anj: two Fifite»^i, at 
leaft, tor ^fs would ndt ferve fbr tbe prifrnt Oc. D>baic « i Mo. 
eaAoiu. This V*i oppofcd by dibcrti who urged' ''j™ ''"f *■" S«p- 
to kfww thfl Caule for Hus Supfily, and At Enediy ^^' 
wiiuft whcti4,;tbe ^r^ratiohs wdM dcltinated: 
^That th? Eilatse pf the Wpifls, jirhb contrifosted 
to their Etteroiest lOTV be fpeedily lookW into, t* 
jtu^y thpiCtpg- Old Sir ^^wiinf C0^ begins-, ae 
VAf^ Jttd^'Debatt, witji foiheZatfin Sentences^ 
*NA^}iim a^iBata^ iavincibiiis, iS iitiprevida-i 
^E^<M?nQ kftt he (ard, bre^ idl Laws and Ordcrsv 
HdtauftbdMppIi'^v fiut, JfttalrirNn^ffiticsCamt 
by Improvidence, then no fuch Canfc to giv6. 

tmine Ptt-iaikimi twnunum AuxiUum. No K.tag Ceh 
iufSfA in in Iwtiourablc ESate wtttimit three Abi-^ 
lifies^- ^rr^* To be JcAt to maintait] himfelf againft 
UAAtmH^^Ot^. Seandlf, To Hi his Allies and 
Coafitdantcs. ST>ir£yy To rtiWard his wcll-defbn- 
vilng B\tw^' But, he ui^ed, then vha k Leak iti 
ChleGommncnt,' oF which Leak^di te thefe wetfe 
-^ Ctttfts i' Frtuds in the Guftdms i Treaty ilntft 
<!>& S/Mt/S Match ; new inVenfanl Offices,, widt 
j>^ F«est «M unprofitJuUfe'Ottcxs, which tile 
KiAgOiiehitiuAlytakeaway^ntfa^a^t Love ofMs 
JPcdptei and hii' own Honour;' tie PreTidentfiiipe, 
-BfTb)'i'Bfid'M'<f^.; Mut^i^city'of OficHs iiiioae 
Mali i ^rerr lO!Koer to Itiv ba :iijs own Office-; 
idifcEan^S'tfeuOtidd out vf'O^er^ new Tabdtfe 
4ept :t^txt isAde the iJ^ak^gc:' (lie graaftir i . Tn^htak 
ry Annuities, or Penfions, which' cM^t tso he fl«(^ 
pcd tUI die fCii^ was' out: of t>cBt, an4-able to pay 
'them. In the\Jth.£fr»rjrIV". mifRfkn wtoto*^ 
•of ihc-Kkig till he was outofDebt. £^, ^Hiilt 
4dl 'ibnitt^&rf Cbacges,. niflly Di^t,^ Apptud, 
'^litiUillgs, £^f. increafe ftill the Leakage. 

' To apply fome Means for Remedy ; the Mul- 
t^ltyWf Fot^b fertd Partte, yifflc^'^ttShitM 
'iO th« King, inlght })e iii^m uifo ^ gfeat BeaeSe 



7& ■ PatHOBeAaf^ H is t iji* y 

•t'«cbarlHl.\ta&im; that undemanding OlGfcen b& emplo^ai 
«*»S'- ijitheKing'sHoufcitDreduceitroits ancientFonn/ 
and' not with Sir Z,M8^/OiffH^iV, to divide a Gocrile; 
and that his Shop-Boys be not t^eiv from his Shops 
and. placed in the Green-ClotH ;> that the Great 
Offices for the peftrice of the Kingdom, be put 
into the Hands a, able Men that have Experience^ as 
Admiralty's Pl^s, iit. [k): The King's onlinary 
Charge in EAaiaxfii Ill's Time^ was Wrlie W the 
King's ordin^ Kevennc. IrtUndi at that Time; 
wa» alfo 30^060 y»- a Year Benefit to'-'thc King; 
ibut Row> great Chaige.ta bim. To ptefition diii 
King-rather for a logique than a rkietoric[ue Hand •^ 
«^^t, than in bpcn one. Move for 3 Ctrdiftiit- 
j<ee to put down, diefiti anff- ftich' (itfa^r -Heads as 
Iball be offered.' . A it ■.../- 

< - It may be fuppofed tfaattjiis Speechv of' die old 
Orator's was very long, by theHtads-f^it above^ 
ntehtioncd, and tneSnbfequence of ti£^ Day's >l>ew 
^tMte? J for little ir entered after iti (aViC that, the 
Scdicttor-General moved to petition the King to de- 
.clare the King of Spain nn Enemy,' Jince it was ' 
he that had done them. all the Wrong: To takt 

' :Caie of Papifis at home, whofe Heatts- wore with 
.tiie Spamardt, and are dangerous herey wiiilft out 
<Na,vy: was abroad. Two Su^dUs and iwo Fip- 
tittiwj, to be ^ud In 0£lahr and April omx twelve 
^Months. Others declared againft granting SubJiCn 
in Reveriion ; andnot to graft Silt^yupoa SukfJf 
in one Fariiament. A. Committee for ^s Muttt 
,-was moved for, the Duke ta be called to it, \ That 
•he may gjve SatisEiAion £» thefi; Afperfions that 
-had'been lud upon him.' But. no 'Rriblution was 
•come, to on this Day. ' 

This was the BrftiStrdce made, at the Minifter, 
tobcmet with in Uie.^urM/f ; but mcich mor«is in 
.the Sequel. Tjie iie]ct.I>8y,, A:^ufi 6,_ after fome 
3ufiiM& of le<s Confe^uence wai done,^ Sir- Htmy 

ril, ire uken (torn 19 old Manufcrlpt ef che , Proceeiliagt of tlut 
Pirliimeat,' bnt mnaiiatil^tbisjiiinulti Hawtva, Ibt'BlBir 
-^ iirM fallowed dsfa iftcnraidi. ' 

'^^imAj'^itxAvi^va&^A^'- Thit-Aey were cal*-**»- » O*** 
led thither foe tw6 R«iibn» i for the CaufeofRct-* *'■'• 
ligiop, viA gcuitinc; a Supi^y to b» Majefty. That 
jtiteir. Coldnels inReli^on was one ofthe prindp^ 
Catifes ofthe grievom Vifitatim then upon them. 
:To add to oW former Petition to his Majefly, that 
^<t will Upon no Acbount give any Connivance to 
^th^ P^apiji!. That they were not ahfolutely bound 
.to maintain a War, but to ailift and fupply the 
jCing in a'War. Moved* firft, to know what Mo- 
^ey ^1 ferve for the Fleet ; then to raife the Supr- 
ply,, if not by Subfidy, yet by fbme other Courfe, 
of which there are Precedents i and which, being 
done in Parliament, is a Parlianientary Couife.' 
A Committee was moved for, by others, to-confir 
■dCT of the King's Supply : And Secretary Cetk 
turged. That the Commiffion of the Navy might 
.be the faSt examined . This was followed by Mr. 
,Str»dt ; but he added, farcaftical^ enou^, * That 
all who fpcdce in the Committee might apply them" , 
felvestothis, Hovi %^o SubJuUes OD^ Fifteenths-, pay- 
able more than one Year hence, ean fuf^y a Navy, 
to go out in fourteen Days.* " ■' 

Another Member, SkNalhamui Richt (aid, * Thu 
Xbey ought not ro refufe to give at aJl ; but firft, to 
reprefent difiir Wants to die King, Jirll, for Reli- 
^n, to have his Majefty's Aofwer jn fuU Parlia- 
^ment, and then enrolled ; which then would "be o 
Force with an A£t of Parliament. Next, to know 
^e Enemy agtnnfl whom War was to be mad& 
The Necefficy of an advifed Counfel for govern- 
ing of the great Affairs of the Kingdom. The 
Neceffity of looking into the King's Revenue. To 
.have his Ma}eily's Anfwcr concerning .ImpofHions 
on Wines. And tho' the Time was not now fit 
for the Decifion of all thefe Points, yet a feleft' 
Ccmunittee to be appointed to fet down the Head; 
of them, and then to have the King's Anfwcr to 
t£em in Parliament ; the doing of which, he faid, 
was no Capituladon with his Majefly* but an or- 
dinary Parliamentary Courfe, as 22 Edw. III. and 


30$ Iths Pai'IidnttAaey H i s -r^ R r 

U.W JuwL^ut ipMtQut .«hicb the Commqn-WeBlth co^ 
*^**' . A«thw fopph- the KiB«, Aor Tubfift.' ' ' 

Mr. /M»M4iiCetIi us (/), That th^ An^TCoufV' 
ti^n Were freer than'^ this vith the MinHb^. At 
dtii D^ate, he lay*, tbcf urged, « That j^oHi. 
Bun* ^f Monof ««« given for Raoes, M the 
Vahie of i^o^/. at Icaft. That tin King eugtrt 
•o contribute to help the Pala^natt't CauTe with his 
own ^ftate. Thai the Time of die Year waa tap 
hi fpciu for the Float to go out for Serviee. Thstf 
Enquiry ought to he made, ^Vhether the £Hike 
brake not the Match with Spainy out of S^een aM 
MaUcetothe Cond*0^>tMr»? Whether he aiaiie 
not the Mi^ch with frane* upon harder Terras f 
And whedter the Ships, employed againft JiMbelf 
were not maintained with the StifidMS gtvea for 
the Relief of the Pahtinatt f Of all which tl^ 
is not one'Syllable mentioned in the ye«nuh. — ^ 
Though indeed, there is fuffident Reafoa to hdieve 
they might have been faid in, this Debate> by what 

a M«bcr en- fotlqWB : For Mr. Bdward Ctuiii, a McBiber, 
' » tis'd an ^xpreSbB in a Speech, '* That dtere hai 
been Speeches there, with invedive Bittemefs, aa4 
very unfe^uiaUe f^ ^e Time.' On which thoe 
waf a general Acelaitivlon, 7« thi Bar ; and, lad- 
ing orderad to sjCpfain faimfelf there, he gave £11 
gnater Offence. He was then Amher or^ed tv 
frithdnAF, whilft this Matter was debated in ^t 
Houfe. Some argued for Expulfion j o^en (hid, 
(Jtough the Offence was great, yettlte Puni&nnK 
ought to be nj^re moderate. At Ifngth, it was 
Wfeed, * That he (heuld kneel at the Bar, ^ 
die Speaker to let him know the Houfe had tdien 
Juft Offence at his Words ; and then^re that he 
{bould ftand committed to the Serjeant during the 
Pleafure pf the Houfe.' But, the neKt Day, upo» 
Submi^on made, he was releafed. 


(J) GiBiBitmt, Vol. I. p. It*. 


•i in this OcVate, Sir iW<« Ct^^M, A« Ic«i»e4 Aqs- *»• '■'Sf^*' 

qf Commons did wpll sad worthily iW»K4i\ *?"'• ^f*?'' *"* 
in cenfwring that ill-adviled Member th? \;i&Jh^ "^ ^'^'^ 

for trenohuig to f^r into their ancient Ltbertjei i ui4 
might sncourage each worthy Servant of the PubUc 
V here, to oiFer up freely his Counfel aji4 Qpinipi^; 
Vetf finpp thH£ WaHs cannot conceal friuq tbif 
taxt of captioufi, guUty 9tu] revengeful Men with* 
cutf the Cifimfel ud Uehatcs within ; I will cnr 
iJeitvoHr, as my cle&r Mind is frm frogi my pqrr 
fonal Difiafte 9f any one, fo b) expre^ the ofuie^ 
Thoughci of my Heart, asd difcharte the Ik$ 
Car? of my Truft, 43 no Perlbn Qxm iiffily t^ 
jfxy ianotpnt 3»d public Mind ; except hi; Qqp, 
fcicocG QxHi awke him guilty pf fu?b Cmnes a« 
iTOrthih have, in Parliament, im()|FMhed other* ii^ 
elder Tlipfis, I will therefore, with fls nwch Br?-. 
vityas I qm, fet down b»w tbefc Ipiforderp hwt, 
by I?«3^^. fpniflg i^> in our own Memories ; Iwir 
the Wjfdoro of the kft wrf Vtfcft AgM did of (44 ' 

jtcdrefs rfie IiJcci uv) Uftly, vhat wpa^ft and ditfV* 
fal Courie I would wiib to he foijowed W OMrielwf, 
in this fo happy Spring of our bopflfiil Maflcr. Fotf 
Mr. Speaker, ve are wt to ji)4set hi# to prnfcfU q 
The Rcdrels is above tul ^jitrmmam Fit^i 

* How, Mr. SpealtOTi fc long as thofc attcndei 
»bout our laK Sovereign Maftqr, pow wkh God, 
93 had ferved the late Qyaev of happy Meowryi 
pehts of the Crown were not fogrwti Comimfi. 
^ons and Qranti not !» often complained of in 
Parliament j Trade fltf^flied j Peiulons not Uf 
many, tho' raore than in th? late Queen's Time, 
for they exceeded not iSjQQO^- novnrar 120,000/, "■ 
all Things of Moment VKn carried by public 
Pebate zt the Coux^cil-Table : no Honours fet to 



3W 7%e ParliSaentary ills to fc^ 

""S^** ** nor VMea of Judicature ;' Laws ag^nft 
** Priefts and Rccufiuits were executed ; Refort of Prf- 
^ifis to Amballadors Houfes barred and putiilbed } 
jis Majefty, by daily Direflion to ill his Mihii^rs* 
tnAy bv his o*h Peri, detlaring his fiiilikc of that 
Profemon ; no wafteful Expences in fmitlels Am- 
baflttcs, nor any tranfcendent Power in any'oii^ 
Miniftcr. f'or Matters of Statcj the Councit- 
Table held up the fit and ancient Dignity. So- long 
as my Lord of Stmerfit fiood in State of Grace, ' 
and had, by his Majefty's Favour, the Tnift of the 
Si^fct Seal, he oft would g^ory juftly, that there 
puled neither to himfelf, or his Friends, aAylong' 
Orants of' his Highne&'s Lands or PenfltHls : Fo^ 
of that which himfelf had, he paid 16,060 A to* 
wards the Marriage- Portion of rfie King's Dai^h- 
ter. His Care was to paTs no Monopoly or illegal 
Grant; and that fome Memben of ^is Honfe caii 
wttnefs by his Charge uftto them. No giving wa^ 
to the Saf^ of Honours, as a Breach upon the No- . 
bility, (for fuch were his own Words) refiiiing Si^ 
yahn Reper's Office, then tetidred Xo procure hiid 
to be made 2 Baron. The Match with Spain then 
oflered, (and with Condition to require no fiuther 
Toleration in Religion than AmbaJladors bete are 
allowed) he, dilt:overing the double Dealing and 
the Dangers, diiTuaded his Majefty from ; and left 
fcim fo fer in Diftnift of the Faith of that King,^ 
^nd bis great Inftrument Gaadcmar, then here re^ 
fiding> diat his Majefty did term him long Time 
after a Ju^Hng Jatk. Thus flood the Effeft of 
hb Power wi^ his Majefty when the Clouds of his 
Misfbrmne fell upon him. What the fiiture Advices 
led in', we may well rem«nber. "Wis Marriage with. 
Spain was ae^n renewed : Gtn^mar declared an ho-> 
neft Man : Popery heartened, by employing fufped- 
ed Pcrfons for Conditions of Conveniency : Thei 
Forces of his Majefty in the Palatinate withdrawn^ 
upon Spanijb Faith improved here and believed, by . 
which his Highnefs's Children have loft their Pa- 
trimony i and more Money been fpent iii fruitlefs 
"' Am-. 


■ If EN G LA N D. 349 

' Ainbafl^es, than would have maintained itn Army An, i Chatlett, 
fit to have recovered that Country. Our old and "'S- 

-&ft Allies dilheartcned, by that tedious and danger- 
ous Treaty : And the King our now Mafter ex- 
poTed to fa great a Peril, as no wile and faithful 
Coui)cil would ever have advifed. Errors in Go- 
vernment, more in Misfortune by weak Counfcls, 
dian in Princes.' 

* The Lofs of the County of Poyntois in. France, 
"Was laid to Bifhop IVickham's Charge in the hrft trf 

Richard II. for perfuading the King to forbear fend- . 

' ing Aid when it w^ required : A Capital Crime in 
Parliament. The Lofs of the Duchy of Maine 
was laid to Di la Pole Duke of Suffolk, 28 Htarf 
VI. 'in fmgly and unwifely treating of a Marriage 
.in France.' 

■ ' A S^«i> Treaty loft the Palatinate.— Whofe 
. Counfel hath pronounced fo great Power to the 
SpOttifij ^ent (as never before) to cffciS Freedom 
to fo many Priefta as have been of late ; and to 
become a Sotlicitor almoft in every Tribunal for 
>the ill-aj!e^d Subje^ of the State, is wonh the 
Inquiry ?' 

* What Grants of Impofitions, before crofled, 
- have lately been complained qf in Parliament ? As 

that of Jle-Houfis, Gtld-Thread, Pretermitted Cu- 
JiomSy and mamy more j the leaft of which would 
have, ^0 Edwardlll. been adjudged in Parliament 
an heinous Crime, as well as thofe of Lyon and 

» The Duke of Suffolk in the Time of Henry . 
Vr. in procuring fuch another Grant, in Deroga- 
tion of the Common Law, was adjudged in Par- 

* The Gift of Honours, kept as the inoft facred 
Tteafure of the State, now fet to Sale. Parlia- 
ments .have been Suitors to the King to beftow 
thofe Graces; as in the T^mes of Edward III. 
Henry IV. and Henry VI. More now led in, by 
that Way only, than all the Merits of the beft De- 
fcrvcrs have got thefe laft 500 Years. So tender 
was the Care of elder Times, that it is an Article 
•. Vol.. VI. A a 28 Henry 


37© the Parliammtitry l^iizT-Q/t.^ 

^ t CJuital. a8 Henry VI. in Parliament ag^nft the Duk« of 
^^•i- Suffolk^ that he.bad procured for himfelf, and fotftc 
few others, fuch Titles of Honour, aiul thofe fb 
irregular, that he was the firft that eycr was £axl. 
Marquis, and Duke of the felf-fame Place, Edr 
tuard I. reftrained the Number, in Policy, tljat 
would have challenged a Writ by Tenure : And 
bow this Proportion may fuit with the Profit of 
the St^te, we cannot lell. Great Deferts have 
now ,no other Recompence than coftly Rewards 
from the King ; for, we are now at a vile Price of 
that which was once ineAimable. If wprthjr Perr 
ibns have been advanced freely to Places of gj^^teff 
Tnift, I ftiall be glad. Spencer was condemned 
in the i^Edwardii. for difplacing good- Servants 
about the King, and putting in his Friends aod Fot- 
lowers ; not leaving, either in the CVurch or Coin- 
ipon,- Wealth, a Place to any, before a Fine WM 
paid unto him for his Dependence, The: lUuT in 
part was laid by Parliament on De la Pole, tt. cas- 
not but be a fad Hearing unto us all, whatmyLc^ 
Treafurer lately told us of his Majcfty's gntrt 
Debts, high Engagements, and prefent W(^K*<• 
The Noife whereof I wifli may ev^ reft inclofed 
within thefe Walls. For, what an Encoui3grai|3tf 
It may be to our Enemies, and a DiQieartni^g^ ty 
OHC Friends, I cannot tell. The Danger of t^K^q) 
ifanythey havebeentheCaufe, is great and /eyrfii). 
it was np fmall Motive to the Parliantent, in .t^ 
Time of Henry III. to banifh the Kingfs Haiiir 
Brethren for procuring to themfelves fo large Pro- 
portion of Crown Lands. Gaveflan and Spejutr 
kfT doing the like for tbemfelv^, aqd . their Fol» 
lowers, in the Time of Edward II, and the L(a^ 
ye0 for procuring the like for her Brother Beaw 
tnantf was bauiftied the Court. A£chae! dela P,»1f 
was condemned lo Richard 11. in P^irliapif^n^ 
ampqgft other Crimes, for procuring L^ds- and 
Penfioos from the Kingj and haying e^nployed th« 
Subfidies to other Ends than the Graiit i^teiidsidU 
His Grand-ChUd, /if/V/wm' Duke of Suffplf^.fon 
tbelike.w^ cenltired ziJ^f^^h "l^ gr^ 

^ ■ 1/ E N G L A'N E*. 371 

■feifcop oiWimhefifr\ '\o Edward HI. was put*"- '^^•*«'' 
iipon the King's Mercy by Parliament, for wafting 
in Tinle of Pdace, the Revenues of. the CrOwn, 
knd Gifts of the People ; to the yearly OppreJBon 
bf the Commoh-W^lth: Offetices of this Na- 

■ ifnre *ere urged, to the rtiining of the laft Diilce of 
Samtrfet itt the Time of Edward VI. More fear- 
ful Examples may be fpurid, too frfiqUcnt in Re- 
^rds: Such ImproVideiice and ill Counfel led 
Hetuy IIJ. into fo great a Strait, as after he had 
pawned fottie Part of His fdrei^ Territories, broke 
Up his Houfej and fought his Diet at Abbiet and 
Religious Houlei, engaged not only his own Jew- , 
els,- but thofe bf the Sbri^ne of St. Edward it Weft- 

. \ninftef ; he Was in the end not content, but con- 
ftrained to lay to pawn (as fome of his SuccefTora 
after didj Movant Coronarh Anglia^ the Crown o£ 
England.. To dl^aw you out to Life the Image of 

■ former Kings Extivmities, I will tell yoii what I 
found flnce this Affembly stOxfard, written by a Re- 
verend Man, twice Vice-Chancellor df this Place j 
hisNanlewa3Gi7/fO(^>(; aMan that faw the Tragedy 
'of De la Pole : He tells you that the Revenues of 
the Cro>*n were fo rciit away by ill Counfel, that 

" , the King was inforced to live de Taltagli Papuli : 
That the Kirig was growa in Debt quinque centen* 
inillia Librarum : That his gteat Favourite, iii 
bleating of a foreign Marriage, had loft his Maftep . 
a foreign Duchy: That to work his Ends, he had 
caufed the King to adjourn the Parliament in Villis 
itf rimUh Partibus Regni, where few People, prap- 
ier defiaum Hofpitii l^ ViiiUalium could attend j 
and by flliftihg that AiTembly from Place to Place; 
to inforcc (I will ufc the Author's own Words) 
Silas pa&cet, qui remanehant de Cemmtitiitate R'gni't 
tekuitre Rigi quamvis fefftma. When the Parlia- 
bie'tit endeavoured by art A£t of Refumpbon, the 
Juft arid n^qiieiitWay to repair the laiiguifliing 
State of th^ Crown (foT all from fhmj III. but 
fanei till the 6 Henry VIII; have uf^ it) this great 
Man ,u>ld the King it was ad Dedecus Rjgiti and 
ifOcsd tlim (tin it : X<i which the Commons an- 
A-K* fmr-di 

37* ^ ParUamentdry History 

kibi cbuln 1< fwec'd, altho' VMiifi Lahoribut (^ Expmfisy tittn- 
|6»S' jaiWB eoncederent Taxairt Regi, until by Authority 
of Parliament, refumeret a^nf liter omnia Pertituntia 
Corana: Anglia : And that it was magti ad Dtde- 
ius Regis, to leave fo many poor Men in intolerable 
Want, to whom the King flood then indebted. 
Yet nought could all good Counfel wofk, until 
by Parliament that bad great Man was bani&ed ; 
which was no fooner done^ but an A£l of Rc- 
fumption followed the Inrollment-,of the A& of 

_ his Exilement. That w^ a fpeeding Article a- 
gainft the Bifhop of tyinclKfltr and bis Brother, in 
the Time, of Edward III. that they had tngrolTed 
the Perfon of the King from his other Lords. It 
was not forgotten againft Gavejim and the Speruert^ 
in the Time of Edward II. The unhappy Mi- 
nifters of Ridard 11. Henry VI. and Edward VJ. 
felt the Weight, to their Ruin, of the like Errors. 
I hope we Ibalt not complain in Parliament again 
of fuch.' I 

* I am glad we haire neither juft Caufe, or un- 
dutiful Difpofitions, to appoint the King a Counfel 
toredrefs thofe Errors in Parliament, as thofe 42 
Henry III. We do not defire, as 5 Henry IV, or 
zg Henry VI, the removing from about the King 
any evil Counfellors. We do not requeft a Choice 
by Name, as 14 Edward 11. 3, 5, ii. Richard 

.11. 8 Henry rV. or 31 Henry Vl. nor to fwear 
them in Parliament, as 35 Edward I. 9 Edward 
II. or 5 Richard II. or to line them out theJr Di- 
rections of Rule, as 43 Henry III. and 8 Henry 
VI. or defire that when Henry III. did promife in 
his 42d Year, fe A£la tmnia per Affenjum Magna- 
tum. de Condlio fua ile^orum, tf _fine eoram A^nfu 
nihil. We only in loyal Duty offer up our humble 
Defires, that iince his Majefty hath, with advifed 

^ Judgment, ej^fted lb wife, religious, and worthy 
Servants, to attend him in that high Emplojmient ; 

,he will be pleafed to advife, with them together, a 
Way of Remedy for thofe Difaflers in State, brought 
on by long Security arid happy. Peace j and not be 
led with young and (ingle CounTil.' 
■ Thus ends Sir iiiiert.Cfl^toM. We 


eA' E N G L A N D. 373 

We now return to the Ltrdt Journals, for an *"- ' Chwlei r. ■ 
Affair of no fmall Moment, fince tbe Conrequence ' **' 
of it determined the Fate of this Parliament. ' It . 
is very Jamcly inferced in the fnumah of the 
Commons, and more fo in Ruflnuorth ; whofe 
Miftakcs and OmilEons will be particularly diftin- 
guiOied in this Recital. - 

Augufi 8. The former Authorities tell us that 
this Day the Lords fent a Meflage to the Com- > 
mons, ' That they had received one from the j^ ^^^^ Confe- 
King, which was to be delivered to the Lords and mce nUtin^ ta ' 
Commoos together, by the Lord Keeper and the l^'P*^ 
7>ulce of Buckingham -, and that his Majefty had 
commanded the Lord Keeper to require the Lord 
Treafurer, the Lord Comvay, and Sir yohn Cooky 
to affift his Grace therein. Upon which Account, 
the Lords required a prefent Meeting with their 
whole Houfe, in the great Hall of Chrift -Churchy 
if it fuited their Conveniency.* 

The Anfwcr returned was, ' That the Com- 
mons would meet, at the Time and Place appoint- 
ed, with their Speaker and the whole Houfe. And, 
as Intimation was given, that there might be Oc- 
caiion for a worthy Member of their Houfe, in 
delivering the Meflage from his Majefty ; though 
it was againft the very fundamental Privileges f^ 
the Houfe of Commnns, yet they gave way to it,- 
with Ads Provifo ; That he fpeak, as the Kin^t 
Servant and CommiJfMno-y and not as a Membtr ef 
their Houfe' 

At the feme Time, the Commons ordered, with- 
in themfelves, That, as the Speaker and the whole 
Houfe' went up, if the Lords kept bare, to do the 
fame ; if they covered, then the Speaker and the 
reft to cover alfo. 

Augu/i 9, The Report of this grapd Conference 
between the two Houfes was made in the Houfe of 
Lords, by [Dr. Abht] Archbifhop of Caitterbary : 
And firft, on what had been offered by the Com- 
mons concerning Religion. 

' That they pre fen cd a Petition, dire^ed to his ' 
Majefty, dcfiring this Houfe to Join with 'them' 
A a 3 ■ _ therein ij 

37+ ^ FarHamentafy Hist or* 

An. 1 Chata V therein ; the Effefl: whereof was. That wl«»a^ 
^**S* the Lords and Commons did, at their Uft Meeting, 
prefent a Petition to his Maj^y, for, Advance- 
ment of God's true Religion and^fupprxffing the 
fTontrary ; unto which his Majcfty vouctjfafed, as 
well by his own Mouth, a^ by the Lord Keeper's 
on the nth of July laft, to return fuch aiJ An- 
fwer as gave them Affuranee of his Roy^ Perfor- 
mance thireof; yet, at this Meeting, they find 
Hhs CMDmoft that* on the l 2th of yufy laft, his Majefty granted 
p™b'"" '>f * a Eardon aato JUxait^r Baker, a Jefuit, and ten 
b.Sii^'ftc. other Papijis; ^hich, as they ape informed, was 
'' ' upori the importunity of fome foreign Embafla-- 

dor ; and that it pafled by immediate Warrant, and 
was recommended by Uie principal Secretary oF 
State, without paying the ordinary fees. 

Alfo, That divers Copes, Altars, Chalices, ^ft 
(«) being found in the Houfe pf one Mary Eft-_ 
nand, in Dorfeljhire^ by two Juftices of Ppace; 
they thereupoh tendered her the Oath of Allegiance^ 
which, ftic rcfufingj they committed her to the 
Copftable, from whom the made her Efcape^ and 
.complained to the King, That the faid Secretary 
of State did write unto thefe Juflices in her Fa- , 
voiir } all which they humbly defired his Majefty 
to take into Contideration, and to give a due, efr 
^Qi\ie&, and fpeedy Redrefs therein. 

After which the faid Petition, Pardon, and Lct- 
t^ were read ; and then the Ai^chbiftiop proceeded 
with the Report, * That the Commons tnJiAed 
much upon three Points : Firji, The Date erf the 
Pardon, being the next Day after the King^s An- 
swer delivered to both Houfes, by the King's Com7 
niand. StcoruSy, That the Pardon difpenfeth whfa 
thefe Laws, vi%. with the Statutes of the 23d and 
27th Elix. and the 3d yac. provided to Keep hia 
Majefty's Subjc£ts in due Obedience ; and wjdi Hl$ 
Statute the loch of Edward III. which dire6teth, 
Thateicery Felon, upon Pardon obtaioetj, fliould 
be bound to good Behaviour. Tbir^, That it 
■" . wai 

(>] Tbeft an tailed in SKJheartb, bj gKat MiiUke; fttnra} 
pfini/^liri Old ilhir f^rt, " ■ ' "' 

^ ^ N G L A N D. ' jy)f 

«na (blicited by the principal Secretaiy, the Lord'Aii. iCiurft.i4 
Comvay; and to- this they added ih*fe CiFcum- ***** 


• That this ftfidU being fcrmerly imprifonn), ' 
and ftow let at Libmy, bis Converfatton might 

Iw dangerous in perverting many of the King's 
Subjeds. That, heretofore, in the Time of, 
Quteeh EHxabeth, if any were convifled and p4r- 
(toned, (for ftie pardoned ndne before ConvitSioni 
dixt their FaUhs mi^t be Rrll known) they Wer^ 
dfo, baniOied, not tb tfctum upon I^in of Death, 
*hich is prevented by this Pardon. They coh- 
cluded, That both this Pardon and Ldtter ■9i€A 
ftrocured by die Importunity <rf fome fbteigh Ehi- 
bi^lsdoTs ; which vna of dangefoiis ConfequenA, 
R> give the Subjcdb here any Dependency upon 

The Archbijhop havfniended, the 'Lord CsHtftW 
Aood up and affirmed, ' That Iho' the PaRlon wj)( 
d«ed the next Day after the Ring's Prdmife to tho 
Parliament, yet it Was no Bf^Ch thereof. Fdr ifi 
was granted k>ng before; and his Lordfhip fhev^. 
That, at Chrijmai laft» his late Majefty promifca 
to the Marquis de f^tia Clara, the French Embafi 
lador, certainGraces and Privileges to the Papist } 
dtX the Marquis UPE^at did, afterwards, obtaiii 
file like, tb the End that the Queen might oam* 
Hii thor6 eafy hither t and ttit Dake de Chevtreta 
Ms Majefty's Kinfman, who brought the Qoeeq 
over, had importuned him that he might alio carry 
^ Home *he iikc Graces.' 

* That the Pardon paffed by immediate Warnimi 
to take tiff the continaal Importunity of the Em-« 
baAadors to the King 5 and he, being Secretary of 
State, Iblicited it hin^felf ; but it was at his Ma- 
jetty's Ccmmand, to take off all Imputation fr«n 
falrhJW; and not out of any AfFe^Jon of his tQ 
rirtt Religion which he ever hated.' 

" * As touching the Non-payment of the Fees, hi^ 

K/ordfiiip faid, Tfiat Mr. Benbmx demanded 50/; 

fat fliem ; ajld tlH) Embaflador com{Jlainlng thereof 

A ti 4 t« 


37* 7^ ParUamttitary His t o ity 

»,iChMloi.-to the King,- he commanded him. to fee tiiat «»■ 
'*'S- Fees flMuld betaken.' 

* That the Duke dt Cbeutrtux importuned the • 
King to write that Letter, hifnfelf, in Favour of 
Mrs. Eftmond; and he, as Secretary, was forced 
and commanded to do it, rather than that his Ma-- 
jefty Ihould. The laid Duke complained much of 
the Juflices hard Carriage unto hgr, but he never 
heard any thing of her obAinateBehaviourtothem; ' 

^ nor of any Copes, nor Altars^ found in hcrHoufej 

wherefore he wrote, alfo, to be advertifed of her 
Oftence by them, but was not anfwered till within- 
tbcfc few Days.' 

* • His Lordihip protefled his Sincerity to the true. 
Religion, here eftabliflied ; whereof he had foitner- 
ly given good Teftimony, and in which he would 
perfevere. And what he did, ifi thefe Matters, 
was only to take ^wly all Scandal from the King, 
though it lighted upon himfelf j and that be did 
nothing but what he was firft, cxprefly, commando 
ed to do by the King.' 

. The Lord Keeper affirmed, * That he received 
the faid Pardon, long before the Date thereof ; and' 
)F he had made a Reeipe upon the Warrant, as is 
ufual in otherCafes, it had borne Datewith that tho* 
feakd afterwards. But, that his LoFdfhip deferred 
the Sealing thereof, in Hopes that the Embafladon 
TTOuld have been gone firft, as they were often for 

fmng. But, they ftaying, and daily urging the 
^ing for the Pardon, he, being again commuid* 
ed, fealed it at the next general Seal ; and fo it 
had Date with the Time of the Seal, and not of 
the Grant. His Lordlhip, well hoping, upon the 
. Departure of the Embaffadors, to have ftopped it 
with his Majefty, otherwife it had been fealed be- 
fore the King's Prom ife to the Parliament; and 
therefore this can be no Breach of the King's Pro- 
mife.' His Lordlhip alfo faid, * That theEmbaf- 
£idor urged his Majefty very much, to give a gcne> 
ral Difpcnfation to the Pafifis ; but the King was 
advifcd rather to pardon fnmc few; of them what- 
was paft, , Which Cotinli;l> though to be com- 


«/.E N-G LAND. 377 

mended, yet none gave way to it, but much agalnft *"■ ' chariei l 
their WilU ; and his Lordfliip wiftied that a Peti- ' *^' , 
tion might be prefented to the King, to flay the 
iike Pardons hereafter.' 

Next follows in the Journals, a Copy of a Pe- ; 
tition to the King, from the Lords and Commons, 
repeating the aforefaid Evidences ; and that as the ' 
Letter and Pardon were drawn from him by the 
Importunity of foreign Embafladors ; a Gourfe, of' 
late, too frequently pradlifed by. his il]-affe6led Sub- 
jcifts, it was of dangerous Confequence, inducing 
to a Dependency upon foreign Princes, ttfc. But 
as the whole of this. would be a Repetition of what 
is gone before, and befides, as it was never pre- 
fented, it may well be omitted. 

This previous Affair on Religion being fettled, ' 
which we find the Commons infifted on before . 
they would hear the King's Meffage ; ■ the Lord 
, Keeper, on the fame Day, next proceeded to give _ 
the reft of the Report on what pafTed in the Con- 
ference, along with the King's Meffage and the' 
Confequence of it. 

His Lordfhip began with telling the Houfe,' 
* That his Majeftyiad gracioufly, fully, and in k 
Parliamentary Manner, anfwered the Petition con-' 
ccrning- Religion, delivered him by both Houfes, 
at Hampton-Court, the 7th Day of July laft ; and 
had commanded his Lordfhip to figni^ to the Lords 
and Commons, that he had alfo given Commahd 
to the Lord Admiral to deliver his faid Anfwers' 
thereunto, to both Houfes ; to be by them depo- 
fed, as the Anfwers of Kings unto Petitions, of" 
that Itind, exhibited, are wont to be. And withal' 
Co deliver a MelTage from his Majefty, concerning 
tbe great Affairs pf his, how in Agitation in the' 
Houfc of Commons.' 

That then the Lord Admiral faid, ' His Ma- 
jefty had laid upon him fuch a Charge ; as, when 
he did confidcr his own Weaknefs, it might utterly ' 
difcourage him ; were it not that refletSing again 
upon that PlainneiJs and Sincerity, wherein a King 
ibould deal with his People, he found himfelf tbe ' . 


37^ ^ TarUamentary HiSTokY 

♦*■ ■^»*» !• fitter for the Employment ; in that he was fure he 
* *■ fliould deliver it without Rhctonck or Art. As 
concerning the Petition, he could difpatch that in 
two Words , that is, by giving a full AITurance 
that all was granted which was defired ; but held 
it litter, for more Satisfaflion, to read (be Petition 
with the Anfweri annexed ; and they were read 
'accordingly, by Mr. Attorney in hac Ver$a : 

To the KING'S ffloft Excellent Majefty. ' 

Mofl gradaus StV^ereigHt 
fe K^fo'fe * I ^ ^"*?, "^f^l'i^ly true. That nothing can 
ifcwaition of U» * * ^°^^ eftaWiih the Throne, and afliire the 
Livn igiinft Po- * Peace and Pro^rity of the People, than the 
^' "^tal'* ^"*y "^ Sincerity of Religion,: We your moft 
ligi^ * humble and loyal Siibje^, the Lords Spiritual 

* andTemporal, and Commons of this prefentPai- 
''.liameat ^embled, hold ourfelves bound in Con- 

* icience and Duty to rcprefent die fame to your 
" * lacred Majefty, together with the dangerous Con- 

* Ixquences of the Iticreafe of Pofery in this Land, 

* and what we conceive to be the principal Caufci 

* thereof, and what may be the Remedies. 

The Dangers appear in ihefe Particulari. 

* I. In their defperate Ends, being both the Sub-' 

* verfion of the Chwch and State j and the Reft- 

* lelTnefi of their Spirits to attain thefe Ends, ihe 

* Do^faine of their Teachers and Leaders, perfuar 

* ding them, that therein they do God good 

* Service. 

* II. Their evident and ftrifl Dependency upon 

* fuch fgrei|n Princes, as no way afFeft the Good 

* of your Majefly and this State. 

* III. The opening a way of Popularity to thl 

* Ambition of any, who Qull adventure to make 

* himfclf Head of fo great a Par^. 

The principal Cau/e if tBe Jmrrtaj* ef Pi^ilb. 

* L, The Want* of tbe doe Execution of the 

* iMiii agrinft JeJuitSy Seminary Pricfts, anJ' 

, * P'^A 

«/ E N G L A N 0. 37^ 

f J^ipijh R«cuftnB J occafioned partly by t&e Con- An. i CHIn ^ 
,< nivency of the State, partly" by Defefls in the ***S* 
? Laws themfelvesj and partly by the manifold 
.' Abufe of Officers. 

' II. The interpofing of foreign Princes by their 
f Ambai&dors and Agents in Favour of diem. 

' III. Their great Concourfe to the City, and 
f frequent Conferences and Conventicles there. 

• iV. The open and ufua! Refort to the Houfes 
f and Chapels of foreign Ambafladors.' 

• y. The Education of their Children in Semi- 

l naries and Houfes of their Religion in foreign^* 
f Parts, which of late have been greatly multipU- 
< ed and enlarged for ^e enteruumng of the, 
. ? EngUjh. ' ' ' 

• yi- That ig feme Places of your'Real'm, your 

* Pet;^ be notiuffictent!^ inftmaed in the Know- , 

.* ledge <^ true Religion. 

' Vil. The licentious printing and difperiing pf 
f Pepifi and feditibus Books; 

• VIII. The EmfiJoyment of Men lll-affeacd 
' in Rdigion in Places of Government, who do,, 
.* fludl, or may, countenance the Ptpifi Party. 

-7!ttf Sitntdit! agaif^ this eKtragetms and dangeraut 

Difeafty Vie canteive to be theft enfuing. 
. • I. That the Youth of this ReaJm be carefully 
f educated by able and religious Schodlmaflers^ and 
.' they to be enjoined to catechize and in4ru& 
f their Scholars in the Grounds and Principles of 
.*■ ti\ie Religion. And whereas, by many Com- 

* plaints from divers Parts of the Kingdom, it doth 
5 plainly appear. That fundryPo^Z/Ii! Scholars, dif- 

* femblmg their Religion, have craftily crept in, 

* and obtained the Places of Teaching in divers 
.*- Counties, and thereby infeited and perverted their 
' Scholars, and To fitted them to be tranfported ta 
*'■ the Popijh Seminaries beyond the Seas ; that therc- 

* fore there be great Care in the Choice and Admif- 
,* lion of Schoo!mailers,and that theOrdinariesmaka 

* diligent Enquiries of their Demeanors^ and pro^ 

■ - - *■ teei 


380 The ParJiamenfary'HisTOKY 

Ad. I chMln I. ' ceed to th« removing of fuch aa Iball be faulcj', 
■'•J- * orjuftlyfurpeded. 

His M A JEST y's- Answi R. 
Aod the Kini't This it well alkwed afy and fir the better Per- 
A *at, fitrmance of what is defired, Letten Jhallbe turitttit 

to the two Jrchbijhops^ and, from them^ Letters to 
go to all the Ordinaries of their feveral Provinces ta 
fee this done ; the feveral Ordinaries to give jlccount 
ef their Doings herein to the Arehbijheps refptSivelyy 
and they to give AuouM to his Majejiy of thtir Pro- 
teedings herein. 

II. * That the ancient DifciplinQ of the Uni- - 

* verfitics be reltored, being the- famous Nurferics- 

* of Literature and Virtue.' 

Anfw. This is approved by Ms Majejiy, and the 
Chancellor of each Vmverfsty fttall be required to taufi 
due Execution of it. 

III. * That fpecial Care be taken to enlarge the 
' Word of God throughout all the Pans of your 
', Ma^efty's Dominions, as being the moft power- 
*' ful Means for planting of true, Religion, and 

* rooting out of the contrary : To, which End, a- 
' ni6ng other Things, let it pleafe yourMajcfty to 
' advile your SiOiops, by faiher)y Intreaty and ' 
' tender Ufage, to reduce to the peaceable and-or- 
' derly Service of the Church, fuch able Minifters 

* as have been formerly filenced, that there may be 

* a profitable Ufe of their Mintftry in thefe netful 

* and dangerous Times : And rfiat Non-refidencj^ 
*- Pluralities, and CommendamSt may be moderated. 
^ Where we cannot forbear moft humbly to thank 
^ yourMajefty, fordlminifliingtheNumberofyour 
*" own Chaplains ; not doubting of the like prince- 

* ly Care for the well -beilo wing of the reft of 
' yourBenefices, both to the Comfort of the People, 

* and the Encouragement of theUniverfities, being 
' 'full of grave and able Minifters unfurniflied with 

' *" Livings.' 

Anfwer. That his MajeJIy likes well, fo it be ap- 

pied to fuch Minifiers as are peaceable, orderly, and 

cm/orrjiable to the Church Government', For Hura- 

3 lities 


;«/ ENGL AND. 3SJ 

lidw trnt/Non-relidencies, they are nnufi moderated^ *"■ • C^l*!^ 
. that the Arfbbijhops affirm^ there be mw tie Diffen- *' 

fatioHS for Pluralities granted ; Tier no JUan i$ allew- 
. td above twt Benefites^ and thsfe not aiove thirty Aftles 
diflant : And for avoiding ifm-refidenu, the Canon, 
in that Cafe provided, jhall he duty put in-Exeeution, 
Fn- Comaiendams, they Jhall be fparingly granted, 
only in fuch Cafe where the ExiUty and Smallnefs of 
the Bijhoprick requireth. Alfa hii Majefly vjill cauft 
thai the Benefices belonging to him Jhall he ■well he- 
Jiawed.' Andy far the better propagating of Religion, 
his Aiajefiy recammendeth to the Houfes of Parliament, 
that Care Tnay be iaien, and Provifwn made, that 
every Pdrijh Jhall allmv a competent JIdalntenance for 

■ an able Minijler ; and that the Owners of Parfa- 

nages impropriate tuauld allow to the Vicars, Curates, ' 

and Minijiersy in Villages and Places belonging ft 
their Parfonage, fuffdent Stipend and Allowdnee for 

■ preaching- Jiiini/iers, 

IV. * That there may be ftrift Provifion againfl 

- * traofporting of Englijh Children to the Semina-' 

* rieabcyond the Seas, and for the recalling of them 
S who are already there placed ; and for the Puniih- 
' ment of fuch your SubjeiSs, as are Maintainers 

* of thofe Seminaries or of the Scholars ; confi- 
• * dering that, befides the feducing of your People, 

- * great Sums of Money are yearly expended up»>n 

■ * them, to the impoveriftiing of this Kingdom.' 

Anfw. The Law in this Cafe fhall he put in Exe- - 
tution. Andfuriher, there Jhall be Letters written 
to the Lord Treafurer, and aif> to the Lord Adrmral, ' 

That all the Ports of this Realm, and the Creeks and 
Members thereof, beJiriSly iept, anifirait Searches 
Tnade to this End. A Proclamation Jhall be to recall 
, both the Children of Noblemen and the Children of 
any other Men ; and they to return by a Day: Alfa 
Maintainers of Seminaries of Scholars there, Jhall b$ 
punijhid according to Law, 

V. * That no Popi^ Recufant be permitted to 

* come within the Court, unlefs your Majefty be 
• *■ pleafcd to call him upon fpecial Occafion, agree- 

* abJc to the Statute of 3 Jac. And whereas 

' your 

L.( Kittle 

Mm.1 cbMtal.* ycnk Majefty* for the (reerth^g of sppSMltf 
Jfiii- * Mifcbiefs, both to your Majctf jr and the Scrtt; 

* hath, iiT your pjincely Wifdomi taken Ordvr; 

* that nonfiofyoitf natural-born Suk^eds, iiotpjrft^ 
' feffing the true Religion by Law eftabllfhed, faH: 

* admitted into the Service of your RopI Cdbfort 

* the Queen, we give your Ma)sffy nasft humUc - 

* "Thanks, and defirc that your Ohier herein may 

* be obferved.' 

Anfwer, If his Majefly jhaU find,, ar ht tttiarmid 
'' . ef any Concaurfi of Recufants to ihi Ceiirlf the Ltiw 
ftmU hejirigfly foUmutd. And bit M^ejij it pUafed^ 
that, by PracMualim^ the Britiih atid Irifh Su^e^s 
-foall he put in the fanu Cafe. And as bii M^efty 
. hath prcvtdtd in his Treaty with France, fa his Pttr^ 
ptfe is is keep it. That netu af his Sui/eilr fhaU he 
idmited inia hit Strvici, ar'iiUe the Service af his 
RoyalCaitfort the ^en, tfiat are Popiffi Recumts. 
VI, * That all the Laws now uanding in force 

* againft fefuits. Seminary Priefli, and others ha- 

* ving t£^en Orders by Authority derived fron^ 

* the See of Rime, be put in due E-xecution. And 
' to the Intent they may not pretend to be fiirpri4 
" zed, that a fpeedy and certain Day be prenx'd 

* by your Maiefty'$ Proclamation for their Depar- 

* ture out of this Reftim, and all othCT your Domt- 

* nions, and not to return upon the fevcreft Penal- 

* tics of the Law now in forci: againft them : And 
' that all your Majefty*s Snbje^ may be thereby 

* admonilhed not to receive, comfort, entertain^ 
' or conceal any of them, upon the Penalties 

* which may be lawfully inflliled : And that all 

* fuch Papifi,. Jefuits, and Recufants, who are^ 

* and mall be imprifoned for Recufimcy, or any 

* other Caufe, may be fo ftriftly reftrained; as that 

* none fhauld have Conference with them, thereby 

* to avoid the Cond^ion of their corrupt Reirgion : 

* And that np Man; that fliall be fafpWtcd of Pe- 
". * ft/rjr, be fufifered to be a-Keeper of afty of his 

* Majefty's Prifons.' 

Anfw. The Jjova ia this CaftJhaB be put in Exi-^ 
futien, and ii Pratlamatiaa'fiall it UthtiEff*^ di^ 


'J^edi aad. fitch- R^a/tt^li- he ma4(l^ « if itfrU\ An. iClutkit 
aiidja MuHy that is juji^ fifptaed tf Vo^jy^JbaU . '^^ 
. hffiiffirtd. t»U n. Kttpitr. ^«(gr- of bu Mftjiftfi Pri- 

VII. * That ywic Majcfljf be plcafed to t^ 
( fuch Order, a^ to yourlpiiKicely Wifdom Iball 
< be expedient. That iu> naluial-born Subje^^ or 
( flrange Bifliops* not any.other by Authoritv irom 
f the See of ^fR£,' confer amiXcclefiafticaLOrdeFS, 
f or, flxercile any Ecclefia^cal Funflion whotfo^ 

* ever, toward or upon your M^eil/s natural* 

* bom Subjeds within your Dominions'' 
AnTwct. lUi- is pt to ht ordere4 aaxrding^ as it 

pmitUdi and it.JbaU bt fa. publijbid, by. Proclamk' 

VIII. * That your M^efty's learned Counr^l 
f may receive. Order and Coaunandment to conli- 

* der of all fonner Grants of Recufknts 'Lands, 

* that fuch of them may be avoided as are made 
» to thcReculants Ufe or Interoft, or out of which 

■ * the Recufaut receiveth any Benefit, which ate 

* either void,, or voidable bythcLdW,' 
Aofwcrr ^' King will givt Qrdtr tt -hit. Uam^ 

Chtmfei ttcan/idir of the Grants ; aadja/iU ds atetrd- 

IX. ' That your Majefly,wiU be liJuwifa ple»- 

* fedftrit^ly to coii)iiia»d all your Jiidgps and Mi- 

* nifters of Juilioe, Eccle^amcal.and Tempor^ 

* to fee the .Liafvs of this Realm agaiaft Popijh Rt- 
^ tufiutSy to- be duty executed : And namely, that 

* theCenfureofExcommunicationbe declared awl 

* cuSi&edag9inft:theiR; and that they be not' ab- 

* f<jved but upon public Stitisfajtioft, by.yiddUigb> 
•* Confonnity.' 

Anfwer. ifn Mofffiy Uavtt tht Lfivit tg their 
Ceurftj and wiS axdtrin thtPoist ef Etecwamunieor 
tion at is d$^ed. 
. 3?. * That your Majelty will be pJeafed to re- 

* move firom Places, of. Authority and Govern*' 

* meaty all fuch Fei:(iDas a^ are ^i!ast Pepf/h Rtatr 
^■Jm*t% Ota accoi:di«S.-to Diro^iQa.«f fopner A£l» 



3^4 5^ ParliMietUary History 

1. 1 Clurbi I.' Anfw. TMs hit Majejty thinis Jit, and mUgh^ 
***S" erderfir it. 

XI. ' That prdcntOrderbe taken for difarming 
*. all Popijh Recufants, legally conviSed, or juftly 

* fufpe^d, according .to the Laws in that Behalf, 

* and the Orders taken by his late Majefty's Privy 

* Council upon Reafons of State.' 

Anfwer. TTse Laws and ASi in this Cafe fi}aU ht 
fallowed, and put in due Executiott. 

XII. * ThatyoiirMajefly be a]fopleafed,inre- 
"* fpc£t of die great Refort of Recufants to and about 

* London, to command forthwith, upon Paiiiof 

* your Indignation, and fevcre Execution of the 
' Laws, that they retire themfelves to their fcver^ 
' Countries, there to remain confined within fire 

* Miles of their Places.' 

Anfwer. For this the Laais in force fhaU be forth- 
with executed. 

Xni. ' And whereas your Majefty hath ftriflly 

* commanded and taken Order, diat none of your 

* natural'bom fubje£b repair to the hearing of 

* MaHes, or otiier fuperftitious Service at the Cha- 
' pels or Houfcs of foreign AmbafTadors, or in any 
•other Places whatfoever; we give your Majefty 

* moft humble Thanks, and defire that your Order 

* and Commandment therein may be continued 
, * and obferved, and that the Offender herein may 

* be punilhed according to the Laws.' 

Anfwer. The King gives Affint thereto^ and wiB 
fee that obferved which herein hath been commanded by 

XIV. * That all fuch Infolcncies, as any that are 

* popijhfy affcSked have lately committed, or {hall 
^ hereafter commit to the Difhonour of our Reli- 

* g'Onj or to the Wrong of the true ProfelTors 

* thereof, be exemplarily puiiiflied,' 
Anfwer. This Jhall be done as is defired. 

' XV. ' That the Statute of i Etiz. for thePay- 
' ment of Twelve-pence every Sunday, by fuch ai 
> fhall be abfent from divine Service in the Church, 

* without a lawful Excufe, may be put in due Exe- 

* cation, the rather, for that the Penalty^ by Law, 

' ia 


■ cf ENGLAND. 38^ 

* ^ ^en to ttie Poor, and therefore not to be dif- An. ■ ciurlM l, 
' penfed withal.' ***** 

■Anfwer. // iijit that this Statute he /xtcuttd, and 
the Ptnaltiei fiall net he difpmfid withal. 

XVI. ' Lajily, That your Majefty would be 

* pleafed to extend your princely Care dfo over 

* the Kingdom of Ireland^ that the tike Courfes 

* may be there taken for the relloring and eftst- 

* blifhing of true Religion.' 

Anfwer. His Majejiy's Carts are, andjhall be ex- 
tended ever the Kingd-im of Ireland ; and he vjill d* 
all that a religiaus King Jhould do for the rejloring end 
eflablifinng ef true RcUgiim there. 

'And thus, moft gracious Sovereign, according 
*, to our Duty and Zeal to God and Religion, t» 

* your Majefty and your Safety, to the Church and 
' Common-Wealth, and their Peace and Profpe- 

* rity, we have made a faithful Declaration of the 

* prefcnt Eftate, the Caufes and Remedies of thi» 

* increafingDiieafe of Pfl^i^ry, humbly offering the 

* feme to your princely Care and Wifdom, Xhe 

* Anfwer of your Majcfty's Father, our late So- 

* veretgn, of famous Memory, upon the like Petj- 

* tion, did give ua great Comfort of Reformation ; 

* but your Majcfty's moft gracious Promifes made 

* in that Kind, do give us Confidence and AlTu- 
' ranee of the continual Performance thereof; in 
' which Comfort andConhdencercporingourfelves, 

* we moft humbly pray for your Majefty's lonj 

* Continuance in all princely Felicity.' 

The Petition and Anfwers being read, the Lord 
Admiral faid, * That as his Majefty took well their ^^^ p^j^ ^ 
putting him in Mind of his Care for Religion ; fo K^idrififham 
he would haw done and granted the fame ThingK,^'" ^* ting'* 
tho' they had never petitioned him. Neither did™;^,^^ '^ 
he place this Petition) in this Order, as a Wheel to iud P<(iti«s. 
draw on other Affairs and Defigns ; but leaves them 
to move in their own Spheres, as being of fuffi- 
cient Poife and Wei^t within themfelves. What -• 

wai done in this Petition, came from thefe two 
ountains, Confcience and Duty to his Father; 
Vot. VI. B b who. 


386 "the Parliamentary HisTORr 

An, I ch»iet I. who, in his laft Speech, recommended unto hiat 
'^5- thtPerfin, hut not the Religion of the ^een' 

Then his Grace fignified, ' That, by the King's 
Commands, he was to give, to both Hou&s, an 
Account of the Fleet, and all the Pitparatioiia 
thereof ; which he did in this Manner : 
Mil AftMM ef * That the firft and laft Time he had the Ho-' 
the PRparatioiu nour to fptak in this Auditory, it was on the lamd 
I^lh' ^^'^j-Bufinefs ; and then he was fo happy as to be ho- 
AiTain in chri-'^'^"''^ 3id applauded by both Houfcc : And be 
tfiiaa. made no Queftion, but, fpeakingwith the fameHeart,' 

ahd on the fame Bufinefs, he Ihould be fo now : For, 
if they looked upon the Change of Affairs in Cbri- 
Jlendom, they could not think it lefs than aMiracle, 
Then the Kmg of 5^fl(» was fought and courted by all 
the World J he was become Mafter of the VekBlinef 
had broke alt Germany in Pieces, and was poiTelted 
of the Palatinate. The Princes of Germany were * 
weak, and not able to refift ; and, by reafon of hi^ 
Matter's Neutrality, caufed by a Treaty, he kept 
ai\ other Kings and Princes in Awe. Now, ocf 
the contrary, the Valtalineh at Liberty j the War 
js proclaim d beyond the jilpi ; the King of />«-* 
mark is in Arms, wirh 17,000 Foot and 6000* 
Horft, befides Commiffions to make them upf - 
30,000; the King of Sxvetlrn is alfo intcrefting J 
the Princes of the Unim are revived i the Ktng^ 
of France \% engaged againft Spain, and,- for riiat 
Purpofe, having made Peace with his own Subje<£b,' 
hath joined and confederated himfelf with Savey and" 
Venice. Why fliciu!d not he, therefore, hope for 
the fame Succefs ; confidering that, fince the Time' 
■• of his l-.ift Speech to both Houfcs, there was not 

one Aiftion, or a Thought of his, that levelled at 
any other than one and the fame Obje^, which 
: ■ was to p!eafe their Defires i If he Oioftld credit all 

Rumours, which he would not do, h'e &ould fpeak 
with fome Confufion of Fear to hold' the ^me 
Place he formerly did in their AfFeilions r'But, ha- 
ving ftill the fame virtuous Ambition, Andtoniidcr- 
ing his own Heart to the King and State, he could 


■i -sT' E N C? L A N D. ^%f. 

ftn*- f»" Caufe 8f Alteration, biit was all CourageAi. i CHali* ti - 
Wl(} Confifeiiiie.' »*»S* 

Her« ttie IJultemade a ReqUcfl to the Soulb at 
Comifloris^ * 1^ hat if any Man had fpoken or 
flKtuld ^tak ahy I'hing, in Difcharge of his Con- 
fcience, Zeal of Reformation, or Lo«e to his 
Country, which rhay feem to reBe£t upon fome 
particijar Perfons, he maybe the laft that fliall a'p^ 
■ply it to himfelf: Becaiife he is confidently affured 
oi two Things ; firjf-^ That they are fo juft as not 
to fall apon hitn without Caufe, who was fo lately 
apfurovod by them. And ffandly^ That himfelf , , 
&31II defeirve nothing that Oial) miftSecomc a &ith- 
fdl tngSfiimim:'- 

This Preamble to tfce Duke^s enfuing Speech is 
" almoft wholly omitted in Rujhworth ; but for what 
Reafon we know not, fince we have not yet met 
with a rtiore pathetical one thro' the who)e Courfc 
■of thefe Enquiriesv Herein is included a moft fuc- 
cinift Atcount of the then pfefent State of the 
Chti/iian WorMj which evidently fliews that the 
" Duke of Buekitighamf whatever he was as a Mi- 
iiifVef^ WM both a very great Politician, and an 
excellent Orator. 

The Lopd Keepet next proceedefl to give the 
Remaining Part of his Report, which was the Se- 
quel of the Dake's Speech. He faid his Grace 
chofe rather to' jiroceed in it by way of Qyellion- 
' -and Anftvcrj thaii in one continued Speech, as be- 
ing tiie fpeedier Way and Means to yield Satisfac- 
tion to the Cotfimons. He would take his Rife, 
he faid, frota the Breach of the Treaties and Al- 
tianoe, and pat fome Qucfllian! to himfelf, yet none^ 
■but fuch as ihoiild be material to the Bufinefs in 
Hand. That his Grace did move twelve, Which 
the Lord Keeper faid he would enlarge, for Clear- 
«e6 aAd Vetfpicuity's Sake, into fourteen Qiteilions. 
The firft was, - " 

Qjieft. I. By what Csunfeh the Difigns and At- AnjtUConana 
^xi rf- ffaf wsrt carried »H and enUrprtzed? of the W»r. 

Atfivtr. ' ^ the Advice of Parliament ; And 

»ki8- M» Grace proved by the ASt of both the 

B b 2 Houfes, 

388 the Parliamentary Histort __ 

AsitChuUtlt Houfes, March 34, 1623, which was read{ anA 
»*»S' then his Grace proceeded, and faid. Here you fee* 

my Lords and Gentlemen, that his Majefty, mo" 
vcd by this Council, applied himfelfaccordinglv for 
the Defence sf the Realm, the- Cecuring of Irehmd^ 
the aSAing our Neighbours, the States of the Vm- 
tti Pravincei, and other our Friends and Allies. 

* AndforthefettingforthoftheNavyRoyal,the 
King, looking into his Purfc, faw enough to do aS 
the former Adtions, but not the lancr : For when 
he came to confider the Navy, there was neither 
Money nor Preparations ; yet, looking upon tbe 
A({^rs of Chrijiendom^ he found this the moft ne- 
ceflary. Hereupon his Majefly, of famous Me- 
mory, did his Grace that Honour as to write to him 
from Newmarket 10 LonJan, s Letter to this ES«^ 

* That, obferving foreign AfFairs, he found it ne- 
' ceflary that a Royal Fleet fbould be prqared, and 
< put ill Readinefs ; but that he had no Mon^ : 

* Wherefore his Lordfhip and his Friends mufl lav 

* out, and, no doubt, others would follow. Andy 

* by this Means, the King might the longer lie 

* concealed and undifcovered in the Enterprise, as 

* bearing the Name of the Subjefis only ; and odier 

* Princes, in hopes to drawhimon, would fooner 

* come to the Bufmcfs.' 

' That, upon this Letter, his Grace leap'd into 
the AAion with all Alacrity ; and, having received 
all he had from his Majelly, wasdetirous, and held 
it a Happinefs, to pour it out again upon his Service 
and Occalions, But this he did not on hts own 
Head, but fortified by the Advice and Counfeta of 
thefe worthy Perfons, the Lord Ctmuay^ the Lord 
Chicke/ier, Lord GranMfan, Lord Carey, Lord 
Brcaiy Lord Ley^ Sir Rabert ManftUy and Sir Jabn 
^ Ca»k' 

* Their firil Confultation was of a War, the 
next of the Means \ but both the one and Ae 
other was juftified by more than himfelf. He ne- 
ver did any Thing but by them, nothing was ever 

_ refblved or altered but in ^eir Company ; for either 

he repaired x.b the^, or elfe they did him that Qo- 



{/■ E N G L A N D. ^9 

Hour, aa hi« Grace terni'4 it, to rcfort to his Cham- Ao. i chtrin t, 
ber. And, wheh all was diKeftcd and prc{iared, aad **'^' 
that tiwy came to proportion Time and Levies, 
tfieii, vnA the King's Leave, the Bufmefs was im- 
parted to all the Lords of the Council ; the Ac- 
count was made to them, and allowed by them ; 
who laid'there openly, his Majelly being prefenf. 
That if this was put in Execution, it would do 
well } and gave fome Attributes to it.' 

Here Sir Jghn Cook juftilied the fliewing and 
approving of their Accounts, at the Council Table; 
that thofe Accounts confifted of long Particulars for 
Soldiers to be levied, Mariners to be prelled, For- 
wardneJa of the Ships and ProvilionS, and that no* 
thing was wanted but Money ; and that he had 
all thofe Particulars ready to be {hewn to the Houfe 
of Commons, if they Oiould require them. 
' ■ His Grace then proceeded and (hewed, * That he 
wasfo religions to guide thefe great Affairs byCoun- 
Ibl, that, at his Journey into Framty which feU 
out about this Time, he dcfired his Majefty to re-^ 
commend theBuiinefs to a fclei^ Committee of the 
Council i which his Majefty did to the Lord Trea- 
furer, the Lord Chamberlain, the Lords Ctmuay 
and Brooi, who, in his Abfence, took Care of the 
fame. This his Grace thought fit to tell their 
Lordfllips, t:iat they may fee by what Counfel this i 

great fiufiitelf was carried } and that, in all the 
'Management thereof, he took no Steps but by their 

Queftion 2. Why £imt his Majefty dtcUre the 
Emmy prefentlyy upon the granting of the tvio Sub- 

Anfiuer. ' His MaielW confidered the State of 
Chriflendom at that Seafon, and found It full of 
Danger to declare the Enemy, for three Reafons : 
Krftt Becaufe that great Enemy would be more 
pr^arcd. SecenJfyy Spain, being the Enemy, our 
Merchants would be embargoed, who are now 
dxawn heme. Thirdly, Our Friends, finding us 
io long unpreparod, after our Declaration, had de- 
B b 3 fpared. 

39Q ^ ParSamfttfaty Hist o%Y 

1° itit ' fpairod» and nevex believed any Thing of our tft- 

Queft. 3. Whethfr this vaji Sum a/ '300^00/, 
lejiotved upon the Navy, together with 40,000/. 
mere to he new employed, arid6o,ocpl- ^(f^ ^* 
turn, he fo frugally hufianded as was jit ^ 

Anfwer: » That his Grace refers to Sir yobtt 
Cook's Accounts, which the Houfe of Commons 
may perufe ; and when Sir John has done, the 
particular Ofiicers fliould be ready to juflify it with 
their Accounts.' 

Here Sir John Ctok interpofed, tho' he had already 
(hewed this Accoynt, and faid, * That the Duke 
had laid out of his own Money 44,000/. and dw 
Treafurer of the Navy, at his Requefi, above 
50,000 /.' To this his Grace added, ^ That all 
3iis borrowed Money was managed, by the prqper 
Officers, as if it had ilTued out of the Excheqifer^ 
and had not been borrowed elfewbere.' 

Queftion 4. Whether a confiierable Sam ofMonrf 
he yet required? 

Anfvier. Forty thoufand Pounds is yet neceflary ^ 
but that our Mafter was quite exhaulted ; his Trea-* 
fure anticipated, his Lands engaged, his Plate ofier-> 
ed to be pawn'd, but not accepted ; and yct his Ma- 
jcfty muft be maintained.' 

Queft. 5 ■ Whether this Fleet was ever iatetidtd if 
go out or not? 

Anfvier. * There has been fome flying Rumpur 
to that Effed. But what Policy was it in the 
King, with the Charge of 400,000 ^> only to 
amaze the World, cozen his People, and put you 
to fuch a Hazard ? What fliould he get by mi ASt, 
that ihould make him bluQi whcnhe met his Par- 
liament again i Certainly the King would never 
employ fuch a Sum, but when the Aff^s of Cbri~ 
^mdem made it neceJTary to do it i and it was done 
' with an Intention to fet it out with ail the Speed 

Qyeft. 6. Why was ntt this Wanf of MMtyfrrt- 

JoK in the firjk PryeS of the tuhalt Strvice:, M 



?^ E N G L A N D. i^i 

Wm onfy tbaught upon nntxpeiledly, and dangereujly^ An, i C^ivl^ t, 
imfidtring ibi Shknefi : Why not before the lafl Ad- *'»J' 
jourttm^nt, 'whertby vie^ are called upan at fa unfeajim- 
akUaTtme?, , 

Anfwer. • It was fbrefecn before* but interrupt-: 
tA \rf unfortunate Accidents. Fir^, The Death 
of die late King. Secondly, The Funeral ; which 
fisr Decency's Sake, could follow no fooner. Third- 
iy. The Journey into Francey and the Marriage ; 
«^icb procured more Delays than were expedtcd, 
but were neceffary.' 

* Since the Opening of this Parliament, his Ma- 
iefty declared his Neceffity; and told you plainly, 
That this Sitting mull not be for Counfel, but Re- 
ibludon. And when he received the Grant ot 
the two Suhfidiet, he underftood that Money to be 
but a Matter of Cuflom, to welcome him to the 
Crown ; and intended, when they were prefente^ 
to him, to dilate more at large, as aftexwards he 
■ jdid by Sir Jobrt Cook.' 

Queft, jr. IVho gave the Counfel to meet fo fuddm- > 

■Ify when the SUknefs was ft danger oufiy fpr tad? 

Anfwtr. ' His Majeity commanded hiin'to fay, wat the Buftnefs itfelf that gave the Coun- 
fel, witij the Neceffity of it, elfe the King wouW 
itot have hazarded the two Houfes, and th« reft of t 

the Kingdom, by its fpreading. If he had been 
able any way, without your Help, to have fet out 
the Navy, he would have done it, .and relied upon 
you for a Supply afterwards.' 

' If it be a Fault, as I fee none, faid the Duke, 
why Ihould the Realm and the Occafions of the State 
«f Cbrifttttdtm fuffer for it ? If it be undertaken 
for your. Good Mid the King's Honour, now in 
building, as alfo for the State of Chri/inndom, w^y 
Aould a particular mean Fault make it mifcarry r 
I hope your Wifdom will fo pierce thro' it, as to 
fet the Affair forward.' 

. Queft. 8. mjyJhouldnottheKit^helpanthUOc- 
ta/ian with his own Eflate ? 

Anfiuer, ' Jadge you whether he does not ; for, 

sbfervuig the gieatGi^ you gave the SelBon before 

B b 4 laft. 


39a ^be Parliamentary History 

L*. I cfcittNl. laft, he was unwilling to take any more from jv», 
'•**' and laid out alt his Eftate upon the Enterprizc { 
and u ill do fo again, when he thai! be enabled ? 
Quelt. 9. Is not tht Time af the Ytar toefarfpnU 
tfii Navy U go forth ? 

Anfwer. ' The King anfwcred this the laft Day | 
Bitter half the Navy fiouM fertjh, than tht Going 
ferih thertaf Jhnuld btjlapfed. It would (hew fuch 
*Vant of Counfel and Experience in the Defign ; 
fuch Want of Courage, Weaknefs and Beggat-p 
Itnefs, in not being able to go thro' with it. And^ 
fer the Time, there were only three Ends purpofed 
by this Service, and the Time of the Year is yet 
ieafonable ibr any of them. He could demonftrate 
the fame, if the Pefign was to be publifhed ; which 

Sur Wifdom would not think fit to have done.'-*- 
sre the Duke faid he would fatisfy the Houfes io 
fome other Things. 

Queftion 10. Whttber theft tight Ships, lent the 
French King, to be. employed ggaaiji the Rocbellers, 
tveri not paid with ^e Subftdy Money f 

Anjiver. ' Thefe eight Ships viae,frfi, employ- 
ed at the Charge of the French King. Secondly, It 
is not always fit for Kings to give Account of their' 
Counfels, Judge the Thing by the Event.' 

Queft. 1 1 . Whether, having been emplayed t» break 
with Spain, the Duke made not a Toarfe Match with 
France, and upon harflter Conditions ? 

jtnfiver. ' He hoped the contrary would appear 
by the King's Anfwer to their Petition; and hea& 
fured them his Majelly had broken no Public Faith 
in giving the faid Anfwers.' 

Queft, 12. Did not the Duke ferve ut in break- 
ing the Peace •with Spain, out of particuhr Spleen 
and Malice to Count Olivares } 

Anjwer. ' There was no Caufe for him to hate 
OHvares j he v a^ t :e Means to make his Grace 
happy ; for out of his Hands, hie Grace gained the 
Love ofaNation, -which before thought not fo well 
of him. He is not vindiflive in his Temper ; he 
-can foi^ive thofe who had no fuch natural Re- 
JpcA to that Country as OUverti tud. Neidiet 

if ENGLAND. 393 

doth his Grace love that any Man fliould be sn In- Ab. i duHn % 

llninient, by ill Means, to do 2 good Afllon ; w * ^^' 

CSivarti intended to do, to ierve his Mafter and 

Kingdom, by indircfl Means, And he can further 

prove that he is not vindiflive, for he could fornre 

one of our own Nation who concurred with Oli~ 

varij. But he thought proper to let that Bniineis 

fleep ; which, if it {hould awake, would prove a 

Lion to devour him who was the Authof^ of it ; 

meaning one of 6ur own Nation who co-operated 

with Oiivarei (e). 

Quefl. 13. Will it ntt ^e ahje£Ied, That hithirti 
thi Duke fpeaks of nothing but immenfe Chargts^ 
fvhich the Kingdom is net able tt bear ; as, to the 
King fl^ Denmark, 30,000/. a Mtnlh; to Count 
Jhlansheld, 20,000 /. to the Low Countries, 8ooo /. 
rt Ireland, 2600/. a Minth ; beftdei the backing of 
the Fleet with a Supply^ for which twelve .of his Mf' 
je/l/s Ships are now in preparing ? 

Anfwir. * Make the King chief of the War, by 
a Diverjjon of this Kind, and he will give a greater 
Advantage to all hti Allies, than by allowing 
iO-fiool. nay 100,000/. a Month. Whatia it 
for his Allies to fcratch with the King of Spmn ; 
to win a Town To-day, and to lofeitTo-morrow? , ' 

It is almoft impoflible co hope for a Conqueft of 
this' Kind, the Spanijh King being fo able by Land : 
But let the King, our Sovereign, be Mafler of the 
Wars elfewhere, and make a Diveilion ; and let 
the Enemy be compelled to fpend his Money and 
^ai in other Places, and our Allies, in thefcrarts, 
will be fuddenly and imperceivably HrengAened 
and enabled ;' and, by this Kind of War,' (which is 
certainly meant a Naval one) you fend no Coin 
out of the Land ; you fend nothing but Beef, Mut- 
ton (p)y and Powder ; by which the Kingdom is 
not impoverijhed, but may make good Returns.* 

Queft. 14. But where is the JSnemj P 


(t)rhty„nttt uAttMfinmbibj ffihffM} Mit AmH 
*ai nthet W be ttrk. 


394 ^ Parii/met2tary History 

Ab 1 ckulM I, Ankoer. ' Make the Fleet ready to go out, UiA 
S" Ac King had given him Command to bid you 
name the EnemJ- yourfelves. Put the Swo^d into 
his Majcfty's Hands, and he will employ it to your 
Hcmour, and the Good of true Rsligion. As you 
iflue nothing that is loft, fo it will bring home fome- 
what again ; and from henceforth maint^n the 
War by the Perquifites thereof. Make but once 
an Entrance, it may afterwards be maintain'd wtdt 
Profit. When the Enemy is declared, you may 
have Letters of Marque ; none fhdl be denied. 
And I have not been fo idle, lays his Grace, but I 
Stall make Propolitions for i4nturing ; whither 
yourfelves may go, and may have the Honey of 
the Bufineft.' 

Lqflfyy The Duke told us, * That the King com* 
nunded him to admonilh the AJIembly to tak« 
Care of the Seafon and th«r own Health ; for> if 
they loft Time, no Money could purchafe it agun. 
' His Grac* conduded wim this Apology : if, in 

this Relation, thro' my Weakncfs, I have injured 
die King's Afiairs and thoTe of the State of Chri- 
fitndemyX crave your Pardon : My Intentions were 

It has been thought [woper to tranfcribe the 
whole of this long Report from the "Jawtnalt of the 
Lerdtf fince it is very incorrefily given in Sjt/b~ 
taertb ; and many Omiffions made, not quite 
conftftent with the Credit or Chara^er of an 
exa£t Colleflor, as any Reader may find, who 
will take the Trouble to compare both. We next 
proceed to give the reft of the Lord Keeper's Re- 
port, concerning what the Lord High Treifurer 
faid at the Crnference, rclatine to the Kinc's 
Eftate. , 

"pif i^>riyrti. » "The Treafurcr produced a Paper, wherein he had 
^tbi K^i" '^^ *^^ '^™" down, according as his Memory and the 
, Sftuc, Time would permit him on the fudden. And be 

divided the fame into three Parts : i. Th^ Eftate 
(he late Kii^ left. 2. The Eftate the King now 


9f E N GL A N D. 395 

^is in, 3. How it wUl fee in the future. And *■■ ' *«<" t 
the firft igf tti^ he ^"n diviiled into other three , * '^' 
Parts; th^ Ute .Kias'^ Debts i /Uitictpations ; and 
_Engagem«^,; . - 

I.,', HisPebts wore to the Cityof io«(Jbi», and 
jbme C^ntlon^ni barrowed upon the Privy Seal and 
l^ords Bonds, ..iJx}(00d/. beltdes growing Intercft, 
Tiie-Wardrpbc, . 40,000 i . *t Ac iwrft, Part where- 
of is dye to poor Pcopl^. To Ae King of Dai- 
mavky 7^S00^- ^d the InCereft \ which was bor- 
rowed for tb^ PaiatinaU. Arrears tor PenfionSj 
s large Smji, l^not cafl upi To his Hodhold, a 
^at '&uB> i ijyhich lus Loidihip left to the Officers 
jtbereof KQ reletp to the Commons.' 

'*The Anticipations made hy the late King of 
\f» B.en(p, before they were due, came to 50,000 /. 
whidi was prsfeatly beftotKd on this Occafion, the ' 

* Hit SngagiOinonts wese, for the Pay of 6000 
Foot in the jCatv CauntrJes ; of t0,O0O I' oot under 
CoujK j^an^id \ uid for the Rigging, ViiSual- 
ling, a*id Providing this great Kavy, ndt the like 
in otir M^nory.' 

, 9. * .Coticenune ^ State of the King,' as it 
nojv (tands, his Lsrdfhip divided the fame Into 
pebts and Difburfements, which he defrays out of 
bis own Coffers ; that his Father's Debts, Antici- 
pations, and £a»ig«meitt8, lie ill upon him. His 
own Debt^ ac Prince, come to 70,000 /■ at the 
leafl, it is feared 90,1^30 /. For Payment whereof 
his Majeflybath engaged thofe Lands he then had, 
^d the Commiffioners Bonds. This great Occ- 
fioa brought his Majclly, when he was Prince, 
thiMI into Debt ; for he then gave 20,cn>o /. to the 
Nsvyi and aQ,OQO /. to Count Mansfitld, beftdes 
otiner gr<at Gifts that Way ; whereas, before, he 
owed vary little, to his X<orcUfaip's own Knowledge.' 
' The King's .Dilburfemcnts defrayed out of his 
9Wn Co^rs ; to the King of Denmark^ 46,000/, 
tP ^e Soldiers at fiymoutB and Hull, 16,000/^ 
fo[ Mpuriung and Funeral, iz,ooo/. paid, and 
}6,OQo/, to pay. Expences of the Qjicen's Enter- 

396 ^ ParUameniary H 1 s t o R V 

■• I cinriai. tainnwiit of Ambafiadoys in Diet and Giftsj 40,000/. 

\6*t, advanced, to the Queen,- 50,000/. to die King 

an4^ Queen of Qthtmay 11,000/. to die Navy, 

300,000/. and ioo,ood£ to be difburled, vtx. 

40,000/. now, and 60,000/. at die Return.* 

3. ' The King's Efiate, for the future, as in 
Charges of Continuance, confifted of ten Articles. 
I. Of Debts unpaid, and Intereft. 2. Old Amio 
cipations of 50,000/. 3. Anticipations of new, 
aoo,ooo/. talun up by htmfelf, to the emptying 
of all his CofTers, even of that which fboutd main- 
tain him with Bread and Drink from this Day for- 
ward. 4. To the King of i>flM)ar>, 30,000/. /a* 
Mfnfim, 5. To QoyioX. MatttMd^ 20,000/. 6. 
To the Duuh^ 8oco/. 7. To Ireland^ a6oo/. 
8. The Queen's Allowance and Diet, 37,000/. all 
fir Mtttfim. 9. To the King and Queen oS Btbe- 
tmoy 20,000 /■ per Annum. 10. Preparations fet 
Defence of the Realm, and fecondingthe Navy.' 
* The Lwd Treafurer alledged, That certain 
Sums were omitted, becaule th^ were uncertain, 
and before his Time. That no Total was CiSt up, 
becaufe he had no Auditor ; and promiCed that him- 
lelf, or his fub<xdin»c Officers, would be ready to 
giveSatisfadionof all oranyof thcleParticuIais. 

The- Lord Keeper having ended this long Re- 
port, which was the fiuJineu of awhcdeDay, the 
Lords exprefled their Approbation of it, and or- 
dered it to be entered on their J$unuU. 

> As it hath hitherto been the Purport of chefe En- 
quiries to ftate the Matters of ¥a& as they hap- 
pened, and'leave them to the Reader's Judgment 
for Reflection, fo here we fhall do the isune ; t}io' 
there's Room for a long Chain of Arguments <m 
the aforegoing Report; in which the voung King 
and his'Miniflers have, feemingly, lain diemfelv'es, 
and the Affairs of State, as naked and epen, as die 
Circumftances of the Times could poffibly bear : 
However, jt will foon be found to bare bcui of no 
Availancc with the Commons. 



t/ E N G L A N D. 397 

On the very fame Day widi tfie fonner, Ji^. 9, *»■ » ch«d« : 
ft Report wts made in ^t Houfe of wtut had been *^^ 
delivered zt the Conference, Vy the Recorder of 
LondtKy the Sollicitor-Generai, and Mr. Pjmm. 
Tliis Report wat divided, as before in the Lords, 
into three Heads : The Kin^s Anfwer to their 
Petition about Relig;ion ; the Duke's Account of 
the fleet, ifc. and the Lord Treafurcr's Conclu- 
fion. But it is all fo lamely inlerCed in the JaunuiU 
of the Cemmmif and fuch great Hiatu^s made in the 
Recital, that it is ioipolEbie to make any thi|ig of 
the Matter. The lidV Part of die Report was gi- 
ven by Mr. Pymm ; a Name not mentioned before 
in the Courfe of this Work, tho' it has been often 
met with in the latter Parliaments of King JameSy 
as well as in this ; yet not hitherto engagol in any 
thing material enough for our Kotice : But, if 
this is thought any Slight to the Memory of tbaC 
gteat Patriot, ir will be amply made up in the Se- 

One Particular is mentioned in the Commons 
youmahj not taken'Notice of in the Lords ; which 
was, That the Lord Treafurer told them, ' That 
,Sncc their Uoufe had firft taken Care of Religion, 
and had received fo gracious an Anfwer to it ; there- 
fore they ought now, fpccdily, to think of a Sup- 
ply} not of his Majefty's Wants, but ofthofe for 
the Defence of the Kingdom.' 

The Retort as above, being delivered, Mr. May- 
nard, afterwards the famous Seijeant Jk^nard', 
, ftood up, and told the Houfe, * That it was an eafy Dcbita w d 
Matter to ihfeft the King of Spaiu j but he did not C"™"** «*■ 
like the vaft Charge now demanded, which was not "'"*' 
to be fupported by the Kingdom. T-hat be was 
not for a War by Land, but by Sea ; and diere not 
with Letters of Marque, but for an open War, Was 
for recommending to his Majefty the Way to live 
glorioufly at home, and hovr to be feared abroad ; by 
having hisDefigns better managed, and an Enemy 
declared.' Was againft Suifidies in Reverfion; but 
Would willingly give, if he knew how ; for giving, 
he Cud, was adding Spun to thi Sta-Horfu, M< - 


«•••• tew the noxt 04y.' ■:-.:- ' 

On the otbn-Ha^dj Mr. AdU/^ fkid^ '* Tliat' 
it was not ^oper at tWa Time to fen4 foo muck 
Uffen pMcedeAtS'. . That it was plaintH* Hotlft dii 
bet regSfd thebit wIkii (bey tenditd «i'ftt«t«h tti^ 
King's Revenue: . FTor, in thcAfl Af Tonnage and- 
Poundage, which tiaa alwsyB, Ihict Henry Vl's 
Time, granted' ibr Life^ it is litniftd now but to 
tfie 25th of Manb nextv contrary to'fdnner Prece-^ 
^enCsk He moied for a ConfidA-dtidn oF the Dan- 
ger, which might grow by hot contenting the King 
* in hie juil Defim thi^ Parliameiitv' Others moved 
Sbr a grand ComfTiitt» - to go upon thefe MattelS 
the next Morning at Eight «f the Glock j which, 
wai agreed tn 

; Jtugu/t tOi. Some Naturalization ^{Hi being read^ 

l3« Chancellor of the Exchequer delirered a Mef* 

(age to the Houlc from the King to this Effcft ; 

The KIdi'i Me- f That his Majefty^ anderftanding this Hoiife !n- 

hi«to^ftenth« »! t^njed Co enter into Confideratlon' of diven 

"^^ * Heads> coocMTiing the ICihg ' and Combioli- 

' Wcsdth, had&hthimbythisMeflkgei That hs 

' was wejl' p\etk6 with their ^dod Inniitions f 

* but defired them to confider that M^ Al^fis re- 

* quired a Ipeedjr D^patch. That tho' this^eafotl 
' was far fp«it, it was yet feafohablci ahdj if dii! 

* Pli^vk QkmiA. begin -in the Navy, the Aflion 
t would be, Joft ( or, if any here ihould be touched 

, ■ - ' Widi the Sicknefs, .much Incon»eniehce would 

* enfue by an abmpt hrcidcing ap. Therefore hs 

* dcfiredaprefehcAnfwerabouthis.Supply: Ifnotj 
' . ( he wilt take Care df theirHealths more than they 

* themfidvest-anditi^eas good aShift for hispre^ ' 

* fent.Occafimis a« ho could : But, iftheywouM 

* now comply, he gave them his Royal Word, 

* that in Winter, at what Time (hey fliould chufe, 

* they fhouJd njeet again, and hold together till 

* th^ had perfedcd all thofe Things for the King 

* and Common- Wealthy which are now before 

* tbem. To aJl which he promiied to give fueh 

I AnfWers, 

{f E N G L A N p. ■ J9». 

* Anlwers, SIS dutiful and iojal Subje^ mightn- Aa.'i cfariMfc 

* pe£t from a gracious and reiigioiq King. Laftfyt '**^ 
*. The King defired them to confider, Tknt this v»u 

* tbefirft Requeji ht tvtr made unta thtm,' 

The Debates on this Mei&ge, and the Supply 
were this Day very long, above 30 different Mem- 
bers fpeaking in them : The moft material of wliof<a 
Arguments, pro and een^ we fhall coUeft, and give 
as follows : 

The Courtiers ai^ed, * That the Reputation Ddnte ^^^^n tt, 
of both King and Kingdom, in Point of Honour, 
was at Stake. That the Preparations now m^clng 
for War, muft have their Movement from Parli»< 
ment. The Confideration of the difafterous Sum 
of the King's Royal Siller ; and of Religion in grcst 
Danger abroad, which fuffered alfo at home, Con- 
fideration of their Confederates j who would fall 
afunder, if their King did not hold them together^ 
The Danger of King, Lords, and CommotK, by 
the Sicknefs, by a longer Continuance.' Sir Rsgir 
North faid, ' That he was once againft giving any 
thing at this Time ; but had now altered bis Opi'k 
oion, by his Majelly's moft gracious Anfwer about 
Religion ; alfo bccauie it was his tirlt Requsll : £«-. 
fides die Confequence of an ill parting, this Parlia-r 
ment, would be a Thing very acceptable to th« 
Papifts. Moved fan two Fifteenths to be added tij 
the two Subfiditf.' Another faid, ' That PreceJ 
dents were neither to be defpifcd, nor adored as 
Gods. That in the firli Parliament of the late King, 
two Subjidies Were granted, and four Fifteenths \ 
within a Month after, one Subful^ more was givQfi 
in the fame Seffion. If all our groafell Enemies 
were here, they would refule to give ; to give now, 
becaufe they could not, at another 'Time, give to- 
wards this^upply. To leav^ now their Fears, Jea- 
loulies, and Difgulta at home, and to rely upon the 
King's Promife for their next Meeting to reform 
fuch Things. Thofe Diforders complained of» did - 
not happen in thiq King's Timf ; that he, both ii^ 
his Father's and his own Time, had afliired thetn 


'400 Itbe PtfUanuniafy ttiSToKiT 

^ \^f*^^ of his Driire and Refolution to reform thofcThin^j' 
^' Moved for i fliort Queftion, WbeAer wc wilT 
^ve 2t this Time, or not.' 

The Aivumeitts, ftr eaiitraj were thefe; Sii* 
Robert PbiUpi faid, > That the Point now before 
them, by the King's laftMelTage, might be reduced 
Ihort to this ; eithe^to give prefently, or elfe that^ 
in refpeA of Danger to us, he will adjourn us to 
fbme other Time. That the Arguments for giving 
were Honour, Neceffity, and Sa^y ; not honours 
ble Anions, grounded upon found Counfels. That 
Neceffity had been the continual Argument for Sup^ 
ply in ul Parliaments ; but the Counfels, which 
had put the King, and the prefent great Defigns 
into this Hazard ; whoever gave them, muft anfwer 
it. Moved that the prefent KeCeffity might be 
fupplied by fome other Means, rather than by fo 
dangerous a Precedent. That a Committee might 
be appointed to confider of a At Anfwer to the K)ng« 
why they could not now give; and yet to aJTure 
him, that they would, in due Time, fupply all \ut 
honourable and well-grounded Deftgns.' Sir Prandi 
Seytiaur lud, ' It was flxange that the Commons 
of England fiiould be called thither only for a Sup-< 
ply of 40,000 /. and it ihewetl the King's Neceffi- 
ties were g^czt. What was become of all the Mo- 
ney raifed by the Ail of Refumption of the Crown 
Lands ? That 140,000 /. had been alfo raifed by 
Places of Honour; Places of Jufticc were fold, and 
Seijeants Places ; whjch muft come to a greater 
Sum.' Others ai^ued for giving, fo that it might 
be in a Parliamentary Manner. But Sir Thamdt 
ffentuierth faid, * That he feared the preiSng this 
Precedent for fo fmal! a Sum, was to take the Ad- 
vantage of it for greater Things hereafter. Waj 
againft prefent giving ; but moil ready and will- 
ing to give in due Time.' Sir Heneage Ftncb 
argued, * That die granting of Subfidiet in Revcr- 
jion, as the Clergy had done, was to bind and give 
for OUT Executors, as they had for their Succef- 
fon. He difliked their drawing hithcf-j and wi&'d 
3 *^ 


"if E Nf G'L A ^f D. 461* 

ttjey might never Kereafrer be put iipon facb Roclcs : A* i Chulw 1^ 
Yet was for giving theii^ in refpeiS of the King's '***• 
Anfwer to their Pctidon about Religion ; fKe ra- 
ttier, bccaute he Had faiil it wus not done to draw, 
us,ori : But to do this with great Caution, and with ' 
a Protcftation never to do the like, upofi any Ne- ' 
ceffity hereafter.* Others agaiti were more viole)it : 
Vlr.Relle i^\i, ' ThattheK'ngcould not buthave . 
C,redit, wlthpiit their Grant, for 40,000/. That 
if the NegejHty for Money was liow fo great,' this ;' ' ■ 

was the Time to prefe for Redrefs of Grievances. > 

That Turi'tjh Pirates take our Ships and Men, asd - ' 

tnclanger , our Sea-Coafts ; which w^rc forced to ' .i\ 

arm to'defcn'd themfelves.' The laft Speaker, oil ' 
tl]is Side, we .{hall mention, was 6\S Sir LJward 
Cake ; who began again with his Leaks, ,and faid^ 

* That two would drown anyShip. TMsAfolu^, 
is malum pipiilium w^s a bottoihlefs Sieve.. An- 
Officer IhbuM not be Cufidusalitnie RA, pardii-^. 

jua J avarui ReipubUca \. fiip'rf omnia ekptrius. , 
Mifera Servitus ejiy il'ii . Lex tiuerta aktiA^ogniiti, 
Vhat in the hth of Hinri.llh Hub^i di Burgbi'. 
thief Juftice, advifed the King that Magnd Chart'a : 
was iiot to hold, becaufe the King was dhdef Ag^ ' 
when that A£1 was made'; He was Earl cX'i^mti'' 
fell t degraded foi^this Tomb Tiin 
tittienrylll. Segrave, Chiefs 
ced for giving fote Counfel to -t 
tommon-Wcalth. That it 1 \ 

to prels more Subfidies wlieti "tl 
"To bring J:h«[0 thither onljt f 
Laftl^i .off^d to'.givs'.ifloo 
Eftate^ rathq- thaii. grant. any ' 

. 'I^hpfs ftefleflims were aimed <iife£f|y"^ tSe 
Pnine ^inifter, and are bolder than aihy that fgltio, ' 
this pay's Depat^. .The. ReTu(t of all which was^, ,' 
^ I^efotutiqn was agreed' oh,~ * T^at a Goiiiiniftes oT - 
tilp whole Hoiife ; fljould be" appofhtcd, at' ^to^ \ 

* o'clock the next Morning, to cai^ii "^Sat 

* Return td'oiake to bis Majefty** McBMe oirihii^:' 
•Day.' • ■ ■ -'■^ ■■ O'l ' 

V61. VI. C« Jl^ 

4o,f The t^artUftientatyiii^tott 

An. r. Chilli.. Ju^uji II. Notwithftanding Yefterday's Refer. 
« 'tiss; -lution, we find no Mention of the Mcfluage in the 
. " next Day's Proceedings j inftead of that, the 

Houfe went upon a Complaint made againft Sir 
Pf-nniii Stewart^ an Adnirral, for fuffering a Pirate 
to take sn EngUJh (tip before his Fapc,' That the " 
Merchants acquainted him with this,' and defired 
him to.go out and chace the Pirate ; who anfwer'd, 
TChat his Coiiimiflion was not to go on the French 
Tli*Cfl*imnit Coaft, where he conceived the Rrate was. He 
pnxeedea in Ui« confelfed that he -faw Ihe firate boajfd the E^gli/b 
Grifi^^>urf Ship, but thought they had been Fifliepnen. That, 
roApoMtlMSup- i« Coftclufion, tho' he was offered great Sums of 
Hr. Money, or H^f the Goods in the Ship, yet he re- 

futed to go out, 

' Sir Edward CcSe moved for a Committee to be 
aipoijjtfd for this ; and afterwards to acquaint the ^ 
Loraswlth'it. Sir, F/dKih S>ymour C:iid,'- Thatthe 
L'or5. Admiral,, Bftf/w^i^m, had the Care of thefe , 
Thipgsi' therefore the Default mufl' needs be m 
hin^^or his Asent?. And moved for a Com'miftee 
to'cohfider of the'Caufes thereof, and wheri the 
Dfefeult lay;' *■ Mr. L'i^^r mentioned "the Wjongs 
doiietoour Xrade l>y the DuniirJkers; and thCre- 
fo'';i:'mWed that the Committee tO be appbiiited _ 
might,, in a- general Way, confider of this, and 
theS^fety orall fhe Sear-ports.' Others agreeing in 
thiL a "Committee ' of the whole Houfe.was ap- 
pointed to lak^ thefe Matters into Confuieration, 
anS they 'to have Power to name a Sub-Com- 
miirt'e. '.' ■" " '-,' _ "; ^' ' ' - ' 

T^ic refl -of "this fify's'Work was taken up with 
a fSig Renetitioh flf fhe Pirdon to \hkyefuiu;i^c, 
and of thelrdefiring a CohferencJ: wittT'the I^rds, 
i join in a Petitionto the 

] to 'be importuned here- . 

] ibaitador, to grant ^ny 

1 infwers 'to their former 

j Rehert Philips otfcrve<J-^ 

' nild, at the In^gation of 

I any Perfon out' of the . 

( ..-..■. - / , .WM 


'•^ agt-eej upon and held, and Sir Ed-ivard Csii lii, i c^itM) T. 
Ipade the Report of it to their Houfe. ***S- 

After repeiiting what is faid before^ about oIj- 
taimng the Pardon from the King, fi^ tolH them, 
' Tdat the Lords had refolved to move the King, 
never to' pardon' zny Jefuit, or other Papijl, till 
they >*'ere. attainted. For their joining in the Pe-.. 
ti(ibn,.th''ey. denied it not'; but, confidenng his. 
Majefty's gracioup Anfwcr to their other Petition 
about' ^i-'Ii^ion, and that both Houfes were to give! 
him Thanks' for it, the Purport of this laft might 
only be intimated' to tjie King; which the Lords 
prefled them to confent to. That he had declared 
the Satisfafljon of that Houfe, touching the Par- 
don and the Date thereof, and the Lord Cunujisj'i 
Letter. Lajily^ That- all the Lords were moft ■ . .. 

hearty irtthe.Tbin't of Religion.' t 

In thi's.M'anher flood Affairs in bothHoufeij' . 
when the neJif Day, Augujl 1 2th, a Proteftation 
was 'utianimouHy agreed uponj by the Common;^ . 
in a Grand Committee, which was reported to diti . 
Hf)uf^,dfderedtobeeriteredintheClerl['sBookian4 - 
prefentcii'itd h'VMajeftj^ yi'\^ all convenient Speed/ 
bv'all "the'JWprtbe'rs that were of the Privy; Couo^ . 
cir,''wifh.'Sir;7J&» PulUrtQix, and ^\^\Bj)htri Oar 
attending .themi- Immediately after this, the Gc(i- ■■■ 
tlein^i'rt-jUlhcrof the Blact Rod came to Gall, tlw . 
H6uf^', arid the ^leak'ec^ "come up to'the'l^rdsi . 
to pSar a Commrfliohfrom tbe King, readta^oth 
HiuieV : "Which was ^dhc accordingiyi 

■But,^f;2ww^ prpcwji WterwpMi the 
lercciving the Commooa Kini diHblvei 
j-itfioutRcdreft o(;Grieo ^ P»li««». 
:t^^9, to r6fle<£l' up^ , 
.rn^If, on th^^f;^t^,9g , 
of Peers a Commiffioa » i 

for the plHoIuti^rj^f - 

Faifiament w^w 
J „ V c 1 1 hus 

,L.( Kittle 

404 *^^ Parliamentary H i s T o R ■f 

jta, I doAtt I' Tti«s the latter SelTion of this Parliament came' 
■ ***%' ■ to-MiEnd, without any manner of Bufinefs being 
* ■■ concluded, in it. Tl-,c fifft had only nine ASs 
pdTed, all of them of no Cohfcquence to thisHif- 
tory, except the A£ts for SuhfidiiS from the Clergy 
and Temporality, already mentioned ; and an 
A£i, as ufual, That this Seflion of Parliament ihall 
not be ended, notwithftanding the King's Aflent 
to thefe and fome other Acts. The Ptoteftation 
of the Commons, mentioned above, is not in their 
JouTnaU \ but is prefervcd by Rujhworth, and fome 
Other Hiftoriao's of thofe'. Times; which, being 
fingolar in its Kind, "full of loyal and dutiful Ex- 
preffions to their Sovereign, deferves particular No- 
tice atthis JuniSlure.' 

Th.CommoB. ' W^E **><' Knights, Citizens, and BurgefTes 

f»ot«(btion, • *, of .the Commons Houfe of Parliament, 

' being the reprefentativc Body of the whole Com- 

' mons of this Realm, abundantly comforted in his 

* Majefty'6 late graciousAnfwer touching Religion, 

* f nd 'hi^ Meffagc for the Care of our. Health, Ao 
' * fwlSninly proteft and vow before God and ihc 

' World, with one Heart and Voice, that we are 
' allrefolved, and do hefeby declare, that we will 

* ever continue moftloyil and obedient SubjeflB t» 
; * dtir moft gracious Sovereign Lord King Charles i 

* itiA that we will be ready;' in convenient Time, 

* inJirf a Parliamentary Way, freely and duti- 

* ftiHy to do our utmoft Endeavours, to difcovcr 

* apd reform the Abiifes' and Grievance's of tl)e 
'i- n- • ReaTm and State ; and in like Ibrt to' afford all 

■ ■* ' * flCicenary Snpply to his moft Excellent Majefty, 

■ " * OpoK his preient, and all Other his juft Occuions 

* ijid Defigns ; moft hunj)ly befeecning out faid 

* ieaf and dread Sovereren, in his princely Wifdom 
' / ^Goodnels, to reft affu'red of the true and heaty 

* Afi^ions of his poor Commons, and to cfteem 

* Ae faifie to be (as we conceive it is indeecl] the 

* m&teft worldly Reputation and Security tbat a 

* hift King can have ', and to account alt- fuch as 

* Shaimn of the Peoples Affi£ttoiU|. a&d Em- 


/"V 'E N G l;a,M"d.;;.„^^... ^q>,_^ 

' mies to the Common- Wcaki»> that ifciffl ftiffe. to ^"^ « *»"'« I. 

' l*av the contrary.' ,-., , r -. l-^i'^r. A ' '*' 

It is plaii) that the Antipathy the Commfai had 
then tJien againft the Pf^? Minifttg-y^wa*' the 
Occalion of their Slackncfs in granting Sifp^eV, 
(ho' Things were not yet come to that Mafuw* 
' ncls as to exhibit Articles ^gainfl him. The An» 
{wets he hud given to the Objei^ions; about 'hn 
Condudl of the Fleet, were, no doubtf fatisfadorf 
to fome i bLir, we are told, tfeere were others in tiifc 
X-ower Houfe, who were his fecreat and cj,ofe Enev 
mies ; and could, at any Time, conjure up, tuider 
the Name of Religion and Grievances, Quarrels; 
which they even managed (9 5he Piflblutfon of the 
Parliament itfelf (f). 

But, whoever had <he Manf^nunt of fhe n^a^AtO^m- 
^elm of Government at this Time, it is certain 9"* '. 

Xhey flrcered very ill. The King, when Prince^ 
jnay be faid to have ferved an ApP''Fnticeihq> to 
Parliaments (rj ; and, by his conflant Attendance 
there, in his Faihpr'* Time, yrhcie he often did good 
piHces between the King and them, inuft tUve 
acquired an entire Knowjedge of thofe avgllfl A^-» 
femb^ies. How he came to talcp f^ch Me^furcs, as 
thde and oth^rfucceeding ones, at tl>e very fie-r 
ginnipg qf his H^ign, is a Secret not yet unfoidcd 
lii Hiftary, , The Favourite muft be the Caufc j 
vvho, tQ lave himfelf, precipitated his PrJRCe to 
take fifch Courfes as might have ended in the Ruiij 
of them both at d>at T'^'^e; j but, no doubt, gsvC' a 
great Hatidle to the fecret Enemies of thp.ChUJ'cli 
and Monai:chyy to lay their Schcines for.theicstiE? 
Peftruiaion of thofe ancient Pillars ql t\>e:£ti^b. 
Qonflitution, . . :-) 

The i'arliament being dilToivQdfc the King car- Th« Kini ft- 
ped Qi| hi? Schemes of W^rj and refolted-thel''l5et7ui-' hurhfigm 
l^ouid put out to Sea ^ notwtt^itandipg he wanted '" ^"' 
li^oney to.iupportit. The.Houfeof Aif/irii>t at: 
'L''; ■^';-.: V '. C:fi^i . -■ : . -tJw^ ■ 

i^JS^cbefrm, p. jji. 


jU-^i Clurktt.^at Time, inyefled .Soth with the IrnptrJal an^ 
.I-:|«»l-'; ^^«m Diadems, WW the Objeft this 'War -ka^ 
'■ " Jevdleil at! He enters into a »ri£l Alliance .witK 

^he States onhe XJnitid Pravimes againft them ; >nd 
iaauiHyfcm'oot'a flpet b^8o Sa^l, with loRc^i- 
mentson bdard, in an l^xpedition againft .Cui^faj. 
,7li4 iirSifCt<fs of that Enterprise is attributed to 
tfaeSot£ersgetting drunk with fweet Wines, and to£tiou»Diflcinper which Ipre^ aniohgfl them, 
pridmorttdoff great-Part of the Fleet, Howcvflr 

J'lc^ou, thl: Cbihnlandcrs oFthis Expedition brought 
idnw ^iiti'Laurols'- 1^1^ them ; biit retumeJ, ih- 
^gtorloitej ttbeut^Hte^iddicQf 3Viwnn>«-'thisYearj 
•HS'iKinore JWfiJeilaiTy ttla^ by oyr general JJifi 


the King fet about performii^ his PfomiTe giad^ 
1^-- . ^. t||[jp^ia(MK«t, rtiJ^eri^b'iis'A^ifs.. -^T^iwlatn?- 
lu™ i*i^Kft'«**'"'a5'ilfiiad 'Q\iX for taHinghome all tHeGblldren 

pt1?t)piflflieiufiints,keh!t out for forcigri.Educ^tion] 
or (liliirwlfe. " 'tikiWjfe all j^/^/y»,. ««/<* and frijf 
feddjjsre, who had entered into thp 'geryife of the 
a&»5!rt-o'ran<l King of'5^«>, "wertj recaJle^. "The 
Archblfliflps of both PriiWhqs'were' rcq{iir?d to 
^feeeed ftriftly againft all Pafiijh RicufanU in tjieir 
piflriiSs, By Excommunications a'nd'other CenT 
Jiircsxif the Church; antl, by dnoth^f Prc^amaiioh, 
ttitf were commanded not toftir ab<}re liye'I^e^ 
^oiin their ow:rt Hbffics, and were alio efii;£hialT^ 
jtifamicc). But thefe Sugar-Plumbs ifid' i)6t fervrf 
K>fweet«n other Courfesj which the KiAg ^d the 
fiiittUhytbought fit tb take at the fame i i^e. 

The piflbiution of the Parliament having prcr 
^ified any Hopes of "a Supply from that Quartci;, 
iijfr-llle ■ Trsafury -wanting Money to defray the 
fxtraordinajy Charge of Fleets and Annies ; die' 
, Minifter j^H'upbR another Way of railing Supplies^ 
- not unprecedented, yet never done but wbcn fpm£' 
' ^fortunate Difference t^ppen'd' between "King" 
anU Parliament. '- Accordingly tetters were dii%&- 
pd-to the Lord Lieuteoanrs' of the Icveral Coun- 
^es, for borrowing fo muchMoijey, f^m l^eoole 


'atle to lend, as might difcb^ge the "t)DefentOcca- An. i f^'ariM i. 
(jons. Tne Tenor of vi-liich Letters wetc'to'lFoI- '*'»• 
lows : . _ .. ..'.-' 

Right Trufty and WeH-1wloved,i^.r.- ;» 

' IT has beenrfi'ufiiala. Thing for Kfngi ai^Prlnch Lcttenfiom tha 
"•' V" tblt Reiilm, to mah Vfs of their Suijihs good f^ ^^ ™- 
'Affeiiions, "'by'borrovuih^ fame fueh competent Sum ^"l^ 
ef Money of Perfent able to lend, as might ftfph 
ihofe' prefent Occafians for jmbiic Servia, tohicS- caru 
not' attend that Length of Time wherein it ^aa be 
raifei by Contribution by the Generality of our Sub- 
jelfs. At vfe have not only prefent Uuafion iomait 
the lite Trial, "by horrmling from fame private GeO- 
tlemen and olbert, hut alfi of ytif Sincerity and Bn~ 
deavourt in furtherance of the Service : 7%at w ta 
fay, in taking feme Courfe, either out. of your, otun 
Knowledge anJ Experience, or by any other Afeaia 
fr Inflrumentt which you liie be/l, to make Colleitioii 
«f as many Peffons Names within the County wbere- 
tn your are Lieutenant, as may be ef Ability to furnijb 
MS tuitbfeveral Sums at this Time ; and thereufiotF t9 
return (n a Book, loth the frames of the Perfons^ fheir 
JDweilihgjf 'and 'what Sums you think they mayfper^ 
ihai vje may thereupon direSi our Privy-Seals t^nta 
them, according to the Form of this inchfed. 

And fot.wur further Inflruiilon in this Cafe, ok 
viih^e T^'ufi y/e do fo much repofe^we wijh you to ad-- 
vije herein wiibyour Deputy Lieutenants, as thofefrom 
wtom we have fpecial Caufe -to promife ourfthet,all 


H^9 ^e ParhafujitaxTf H i $ x 9 r y 

■*'i: ' **"1fl ^ jp< f*^' ff procure thii Loa^ i/iitkn^t lncBmieiu*^t- 

.?*J^.' ' io anj^ which it only intended for tht Sirvke of th'f 

rubSc^'yii ^uji w iiffitreysu, that we had na greattr. 

^ufe at any Time than now, to make Ufe of yiur In- 

^tgrity and, Ifti^ry, ili reffefl of yoar Ek^im of 

.,M-^J .-, . ^f- t^ders, and of yiur cenftavi Dmon^ratieit, 

?,:."■ . • \^'f> y" Diitgence e.rd jifftQion p iht Serviced Ha^ 

,(j .. :. ving ^ew deJiver/d unta ycu as pat/ch af for the pre- 

'"''' pnt can b* expeifedfrerii i(j, wf wili refer ^eu fo^ 

««]f ftif^ivr DireSion ifnto eu^. Privy Councils ai 

Srt-ff^^r QecafKii^all regulre. To whtm our PUa~ 

^reli^ ^0*1^ d/i retiify .pt/r. Cerufcaiesj in Manntr: 

■fi^d porpt, OS iV oferejiiid, fit the mji-, hjujthj.n twentp. 

V^^fUr the, Recef^t' of thefe our Letters. ^iVqii 

' at, V', '■,■■■■' ■' " ■ ', '■" 

. ' .The e<whp!TolIe(, pf the Ring's HoqaioJ^, \>y. 
Ae' Council's Qrder, ifliisd forth Letcerii iii the 
King's N^e, under the Pripy-Seai^ to the feveral 
Pcrfops'returriea for the Loan of Money, in Fom^ 
^Foltoweth:. " -■•-■•>' ' • ■ , 

Truffyapd Weil-beioyed, ttfj:, ". 

TjAVING obfirved, inthiPrecedentrandGuJiotn^ 
'f'- 1^ former Times', that all tht Kings' and ^eens^ 
of Ibis Realm, 'upon extraordinary Oceafuns^ AiW« 
ufedeithir to refort to thofe Contributions, whicb arifi 
'rem the' Generality ofSubjeffs, or to the private He^s 
■f fome well-aff^ened in particular , by way of Loan.:, 

\H the formerdf which Courfes,' as Vie have no Doubi 
if the Loife and MeStion of our People^ when thej^ 
fluiU 'again ajfembu in Parttament ; fif for the pre- 
feki, we are enforced tp proceed in iSi latter Courfe, 
■for fi^ply if fome Portions ofT^eafurefsr '£verspub~'^ 
^e Services i vihichf milhoat manifold Incorrv^inees 
£>' Kf, and our Kingdom, cenifot be ieferrid.^'^ Arid^ 
^reforet tl^i being the fr^ Time that we have re- 
hired any thin^ in this' Kind, We doubt nof but, we 
Jkelf 'neieive fuch ' a Te^iniiny of your giiod j^effion. 
frem'^', anungll''ei^r"'if tmr SuljeiJsy^ and 'thdi^ 
■'*'"* '^■'■h Alecritj and' RiaMntfs, as hj^ mtiljM^ 



In the 

/*quire hitf that, Sum^ ■whUkfev^ Jl^en weuii dft^ a " V 

'Frie'iffL .ojfd'bave a l^md rejolvtd. U '"Pffr. m 
,fiir tarthiy Fgrlune, for Prefervatiaa, af fbt ffffr^l; 

fS, — — 7 ','l" " ". ^"" i wlmh we ^ pi-sfnife, in thf 
ifamt #/■ (Hj ""(itf" fiirt and ^ucteMvh P ff*] *', /?"» 
}r yetfr jt^gjts, '. witkif (IghUf^' ^onibi eftet t^^ 
payment tbareof u^a the CalUijar, 7}e Perfsn Wfom 

tve hav,e appmtiUdto celleS -ii, is ——. — r^- r— J 

to ttihofe Hands we do require you to fend it wOhtn 
tjvfive Day^ afier yeu iavf re((ive^ fkii Privj-St^i ■ 
Wi/VA, togtiher with the CoHeilors Jjuiitanee, &0 ■ ■ 
"itfuffitieht Warrant unta the Ogieert of our Reteipt^ 
for tie Repagni^t thereof, at the Tiipe hmite^p Gives 
ai, i^c. ' ■ ■ ■ ■" . ■"■■ 

■ Piirfuant to this Privy-Seal, the Monies require^ 
Were generally according tfi the Proportion follcrw- 
ing, vix. , ' ," ■ ' 

For the Weft-Riding of rBr*/*o-«. 
* Sir Thomas .Ireatwort^y 2(Sfi "91^ Ff^icis Fuljamy^ 
20l. Sir John JacifoHy 20/. Sir Edward Ofiormi , 

30/; GoS'ey CBpi^,"E{ai 15/; Si^ kalphHanfby: 
15/. Rohrt'Porti^en, Efq; i6l Stephen Bright,- 
Efqj id/. OeorgcWeftby, Efqj 10/. Sir John Ramj- 
den\ i^. 'fihn Armitdge, ^fqj 15/. John We^ 
Efqj 10/. j[ohn Kaye, EfqjI3/. lOJ. &a Hentj 
S4^e, ^o7. Sixjehn Saiille, 15/. Philip Hun- 
gate, tlf^i t$ I. Wido^ jtffiitage, lOf. Vrfula 
Wentwarth, 16 1. Sec. ''',',■ 

The CoHeftors of tjils Loan were appointed «il"wiiWi not m- 
|1ay into the Exchequer the Sums received : and al£)'<''nn>« tlw Tkr. 
tff return fhe I^amei of (iich ftS difcovered a Difpo;'"'"* 
lition to deiayj qi excufc; the Payment of tbcSums;, 
imp^red upon witit,' "'' ■' '.- 



^10 _ TH^^POrShAit^^hi^bKr 
Ab. i'cii(^"r.^Aiid milch DUco'Ateat'ariMgfr^^ (hts^'Wiiy iV 

'«»S- ,Hifek*¥oney,a3'Vellas the UnfutceTsftjlToyiife 
to dadiz^ ihe'King jfeftli^ 'to Al'mittbh StiWhJf 
The King e.ii"« ParlSamcpttd mctttn'Airt/.irt/wtiiijh'Wisifill tlse 
«wP«Ji««t. ij^ft-^Yfear of his^5^:I*ti.^-:--AsWe'HliVehitl»ertb 
given dicStiCe'Of IheTcei^ge, at tBc'B^inning'of 
tVBry'lWrflr Reign, ■vfe BiaHnQW' ido^^feTame ; ^ 
e*hibitiilg a LS" of all the 'Peets' fitotnontd to tlw 
ififft'Pariiamenrof thisKijlg J for thefectirid Islit^ 

^.i^-^'T*'^^ KiiNG to Ws deatly btloved Coifirt, 

liiiral of England, &c. 

fFlHiUm iStarqUis Bf ^h- ^ffiam Earl of Exeter. 

chefier, Philip J^. of Menigomery, 

Xbmas £aTl of, Jrun^tl Jehn %, of BriJgewater, 

' and Sarry, Earl Sdar» WiUiam E, of mnlxm^ 

ihall oiEnghnd. 
Henry Earl of Northum- 
berland. , ; . — 
E. <}{ Shrtwjiurf,. 
tfjtry %..of Kent. 
lllia<nE.o(i)eriy, ' 


Jtfma E. of Carli^. 

Edw^t-.oiWirrafler, ' William% aiJimbigh, 

Lord Keeper «f ' the %Aa E. of fii^ySo/. 

Privy-Seal Chrijl. E, dAiigUfea, 

Franeis E. of Rutland. RebertE, otSmurfet, 

jFramiiT-afVamiefiand, Henry E, oi fliillmid. 

$iobert £. of S^jv, OZrvfr £. ofSilii^brtJb, 

HemyE.oiHimtingdiin. ^ahnE.oic^re^ 

Edward E, of Bath. 
SdwardE. oi Bedfard, Pembroke, 
- 0^lliem E. o( Herl/ard, 
Jiebert E, of Efex. 
iCh'eophilus E. oi Lincoln, 
^mas'X, oi SiJ'oli. 
Mvard t. i^Dafet. . 
^tlliem E. 9iSo¥iry, 

Prancii E. of ^ 

load. ; 

Aiftbafy ;y ifcowt, Ji£)n^. 

taitu. ..' . 


"Hffigr Yifc. J^fanl, 
■ Thvnas Vifc. ^n^v^r, 
'^iSard Vifc; 5w(i)-«;jf «. 

f^rfi L. ZmJ>. 

Henr-j ParktT L, Mtrlty. 

and Ma^tf^^gl^, 
JLlchard L. Dacres. 
^mfiwlh. Scrspe, 
Edward iL. Stota^on. 

M^ry:L. Grey ofGrahi. 
mUi^L.Petre. "-■ 
Hfioy L. DoMvers. 
Rthntl,. SpnKv. 
f^firUs \L, Stanhope fg 

Qistge L. Cerew, 
iT^ffWjiord Jrmdel of 

John L. TVaAftw, 
Philip Loi^ S(anbe*e of 

Fulk L. 5rMi*i 
Edward h. Manlagu, ' 
Rabtrt L. Gjwjf. 



Joajp^^ward^ mHiamL.Gnyaf/rerk: 

y»WJ Lord £,ey of Lty^ 

Jjord High TMafuKr 

of England. 

Rich. 'L.^aitrtsoiTi'afa. - 

£d, L. Canaaypf tta^. 

. ip all. . 

Pukn ^ .-. i_ .J- 
Afcrqiiia -*> — i..' .[■ 
£1UJS /rr- *^ — 37'' 
Vifpianlis — ^ ij- 

' (j) Bjf the SuUs 

e p»f.'d upon thu Pew, (Ses Vol, V. p. 410.) 
^ #4b| ^«IWi .m Df WM tot Ji 


4^!^ 7!&r ParUtmetitary Hist^ny 

.ALi'Ohtrlai. Hi.JohnWtUiitmyf Lord Keeper of the Greqt- 
s?*** Seal, and BiQiop of Liuabt, had fallen under the 
pUpleaiiire of the Duki of Bucihghem, who prc- 
yailed upon his Majef^ to take the Seal from hinif 
dnd gjve it to Sir fhe^s Ow/nfty.-^ThlS is necef- 
fary to premtfe, bccaufe the Reader Qugl^t to undetr 
ftand who it was th&t (poke in Aat Charafler In 
^C.ftofgijig Parliament (/). 

On Me/td^g. Ftirmry 6tb, Ac Padiainent met 
at WeJlput^tT ; .wheat the King being featcd op his 
-Throne, the Lords -in their Robes, jiitd ttjeConi- 
mons below. thri .Bar, his Majefty, in a rery fhort 
Speech, told them. That he had direftpd the Lord 
jCeep^r to Signify ^isPte^fkie to ^etjf the [f oufes.. 

The Lord Keeper's Spbich, 

My J^eris, andym the Knight!, Citizen,^ and Bur-. 
^L^s of the- Houfi of OmTiions, 
■li» Lo.d Km[. « 'V' O U are b«t affe^bled, by his Majefty's 
p-^SppJ.. ( i ^,its ^d. jtoya] Authority, to hold 4 

* pew Parliament, the General, Ancient, 'an^ 

* Powerful Council of this Renowned Kingdom j 
' whereof, if we oonfider aright, and think of that 

* incompambie Didancc bctweei^ the Supreme 
'Height and Majefty of a Mi^ty Monarch, and 
< the.Aihmiffive Awe and Lowlinefs of a loya( 
*. Sutje^, we cannot but receive exceeding Coin-r 
*■, fori: and Contentment in the Frame and Conftir 
^ tution of this higheft Court^ wherein i(Ot only 

* tfce Prelates,, Nobles, and Grandees, but the 

f Commons of all Degrees have their Parts ; and ■ 
*].wberein-th8t- high Majefty dolH defcend tp 
^adout, ot-rathor to invite j the humblcfi of' 
* *r^ Sulgsfls-to Conference and Cpunfel with 

*;himr- o£ the g^cat,- weighty, and difficult Af- 
*^&iTS«f tb«-King. and Kmgdbm ; 'a. Benefit and' 
J.J'avour whereof, we cannbf'be toor-fiijfiblc and 
?. thankful ( for fure I am, tteit ^f good HcaA^ 
-''I ' ' \ V?P^,4 

.' ' I ■■.!" ■ •■'■■') . ■■ " ■■■' " ■ '"■ ■'■'^'j"" " ,- 

',{() wVwBtUd.In mf»n',Lifi,fBifi»-t^lSii^l ihit'oiieRAl '-. 

Jutica of hia fiiA Pirliumst. ..i,.i-. - 


' . woiild bf .both fenfible and ^jrWroful, If wa diS *^ ' ClwUi 

* wuiu it ; and therefore ic-behoveth all, with uhi- ' ' *^' 

* t^ Hearts,, aiui Minds free -from; Diflrai^ion aiti 

* Diverfion, to fix their Thoughts upon Counfcl^ 

* and Conftiliarions ycorthy pf fuch an AibmkiY^ 
' remembering* That in it, iapreftnted.theMajefty 

* ,and Greaiaefe, the Authority and Power, the 
'.Wifdotii fnd Knowledge of this grea,t and. &- 

* „mous Nation i, and it behoveth, us to magnify, 

* and-blefs'GofJii, that hath PW the Power of sfr 

* -fembiing Parb^^^ts in the Hfltals of hitn, the 
' !:V'irtue [w^^r^nfj. of ; whpfc ,P<rf<}n doth, ftriw 

* with the Qfeatnefs of his I^iipjCe^; L'meage anfj 
' X)cfcent,. .whether he Ihould be accounted M«j<a 

* or JUiiierf -^ greater King or a better Manj 

* and of wboip. you have had fo niugh Trial aojl 

* Experience, that,. he doth as alFe^ipnat^ Ipve^ 
' as he dpth e?ca^y know, and nnderftand the tnif 
^^.UfeofPfml'Jmeiirsi witnefs his daily and unwcar 

* j;ied ^^cc^Ci to' this Houfe, before his Accefe to 

* Jbe Crown> j^ bif gracious Readinefs to all Conjvr 

* rences of Uni^ortance ; his frequent and efTe&ttal 

* Jnterceffion to his BleiTed F^th«r of never-dyiog 

* Memory, for the Good of -the K:iiK;doin, wira 
*lfi happy Sif^^fi, that both thisaiitrfuture G^ 

* nciations Oii^l (eel it, ^nd ha^^%ti(^ to rejoice 

* 2t the SuvqeJA of bi^ Majcfty's Jptetteflion, And 

* .when the Royal Diadem de^ei^^ ;Upon hioifi^f, 
' |)i:efently,'inifheniidft of bi^^earf^aptlSigbsi for 

* the Depamrre.D^ his moll Dear -and Koyal Fa- 

* tfier, in the veif&ftConfulation wiihhis Privy. 

* Council, vfas refolded to me^t hisPeople in Par- 
' liament: And nofooner did th(;b^vy HaD49C 

* ihatd^roying Angel forbear thofod«*(uyStrokie)a 

* jvhich, forfooK ^itoe, did makq this Place ih- 

* wcelUble, but his M^jcftv pteiendy refolved to 

* recall it } and ha(h now isrought yoiy together, 

* and in. a h^)py Time, I trufl, to ^reat ajul coq- 

* Dilt, with, .uniform Delires and united AJFedioas, 

* of tbofe Things that concern tbagcaeralGood. 
,* And now being thus alTei^blsd, bis Alajcllf 

* bath cgsuitaiii]«d me t9 let you know» That his 

* Love 


Lavr and Affe8&»tit^ tbe Publicj'%ti(^ hlbi''td ' 
ClU'thisPai'IiAfn6¥lt; aAdlodcinvf Atbtfae Dagger* \ 
hltd 'tt>« fpreadift^ ■of that late'Mortalityj and 
wle^hing AeiMuWHidc 'of his M^eft/s preffiiig * 
ObcaftorfsV'Bi^ urgntt Affaifs of Staw^ botli 'at ' 
horn? anrf abp6ad^ mdch' iih|)6nlng the- SafetVj " 
and State of this Kingdom j-the-fsrme- AfifeSiob ' 
tbatineviKl hirtto caH it, doth foftrtafciih to pw- 
^CMg th& fifting of this Parliament V ';4iid th'trt- * 
fowhis Majefty refoivingtijcohfike'tjtis JVfoct- ' 
ing to aihartTime,' hafH c6^e4tn^:to s {hbrt ^ 
fifruid ( artd tHit "is,' That' as a Thing irioft * 
hgreeable toiil>e Kitii^ty Offi{»,tt' tKfe Exarapfe ' 
w thobeftTimesj' and'to theFi'aAieof-inodem ' 
■ASaitSy- hU Mnjeftjf hath catted you tojWhS?, to " 
fcOHfaltand advlft'of prbtidbht and' gwd 'La«Fs, ] 
prtrfltaM* for the Pafeiic, arid fitting 'fbr' the prr- ' 
fentTimesitrfiA£te!T>»i for'i(p©h^a»deperi&' 
rfrt Afiiwance of *tli^ri 'iricf iSPJUftiftei 'wfai^ * 
1ite-thetiir«ft<Pmai^and'Bu'cd'iaB'bf%eM' Od-'^ 
Vemtnent in a Kmgdonl': For bi^ Nfiljefty -doth.* 
fc«ifi(fcf, thaflJie Royal Throne jOtf'fchiih God, * 
pM of hiK Meetfttiiii, hath iet^hnriv n thcrFbiiit' ' 
t^R ef ^'JuMcfe^ -and 'thiiVgoddl^awi^ar^ 'thii ' 
6tM9iW and RHtsyby vYiiMhtrittmRi atid-me'df 
thi»Tbunttifl-}s diftieHed to hi^PeiipI^,' aitalit u - 
hi»M^i4fty^Ca're-andStudy,-that'hitfP6ipre-ihMr ' 
(Mi' wi* esiilfsrt and -Jfoy of- tiiart, •-that thS ' 
FounfciiiVM tftft'diy; butthey and'th(5rPdaerit|' ' 
am reft^mcd i^id^onaadlf iit4iK^ntie,^rc^ ' 
eeive'as uafAi Bftrffit frorrf iiSi f onntaiir,' hyUik ' 
M«jfeftj;s Mercysntf ■J«f«t^,as tVtr-BubJWWffii ' 
?ntii*Timc'<rfthehwftimi«i!r#PfJiife,:3ma*%ft ' 
h'ri'Nohle^Ff^ftitfii's; whfe«tt/;- as'his^MMW ' 
fc^vfy^imiyf inoft'fetrfiMff'bf thiKrbiid-bf'ttt * 
FiitAic^'fo wltH^il! anJhJW**0 *H!9'fei«irt"an»f1iftj " 
■iourAte>MHnMy,>'»i -it ftAifd 'bc^itt iibutiteS^ ' 
that^hey (hdJI ttoft^be-'aS fcrtfiWe''6f'ariy'''fliy^ ' 
that'niay-»dd-'«)'M*M^eftj^'S;Hdndwi'ii>ttlfH ' 
catmoMiW^ittaiW'a'higfcJO^ifeft'^Wf Ldve''and * 


*;ReIigjousy Wife, an4Rf:iiow5^pTinc?Srfl!ou!diAt.;j cb»ti«i.\ 

* begin .his Rejgn with Jbme,A(i*(itions unto tht^e- '***• 

* -good L"aws,,which their happv aqd gloriouaTim?S' 

* have afford^*!. And this his Mm^j .hath-caufed' 

* me w defirp qt this Time, efp^iaUy, above othprsj' 

* for his Majeft^ having, at his Royal. Coronation,' 
■ lately folenjnized the facred Rites,pT tliat blelled' 

* Marriage, Wween his People atldlfiiH; and there-' 
*/in, by a moftholy Oath, vpyvedthoProtefiion' 

* of IheLaiflfs,. and Maintenance of Peace, both* 

* toChufchandPeopIe^ no-Tipififanbe-fo-fit for- 

* his Majefty .ta^dyife and con^ ^.large.with' 
' his pQi wherein Co' 

* lately 1 ;ion to ^is* 

* People AU^HQfC' , 

* ^nd S« 

* Thi liicli U«(j)ej 

* receive ?yi«>:fWii^' 

* wherei to the7Pi4b-> 

* lie : A , accordiiig - 

* ^t,s that .popxa^iifiocy. of Time, ff^b, hisAffairs 

* may zSqif^yoa .wifi. apply, yourl^ves to di^?;^ 

* £{ie.BuGiieis^f.tBis.Fanian^b' 

."the 0^alnf/4(^Mlow'mS} ^ CoBoatfmfii^efuit- Sfr h«mv 
ed|5ir./iew<j!«,^^^ I^^w,^aod '«* d.««4 

Rteqrflcr . pf Zo«-fl^«», for^their/^Bjjipf jj^ 

« CJNCE'iti ■ 
« O ^mitjiny, j 

« ple^tp cafffe 

■ thU.^riar^apiMij to talce- n^ 

5 • flwU 

,L.( Kittle 

4i6 The Pnriamifiti^ krs4oli? 

*. I CbiiRi I, <■ fcli pleafc to place ahd valiiS (is, a/id, like Coiil 
*"*' ■ * to pafs, arc made current by your Rdyal Stamp. 

* and Impreffiori only, I fiiall neither difable nor_ 
** iinderralue myfelf, but with a faittlfiil and ctiear-, 

* ful Heart, apply myfelf with the beft Af njy , 

* Strength and Abilities, to the Performafice of 
•■this weighty and public Chargfe; wherpin, as I do; > 

* Und Ihall to the End, mqft huftiblydefire your, 

* gracious Acceptance of my gooS Intentions ih'd , 
' Endeavours, fo lAiuld ndt but gather Ibfne.Con- , 

* fidenot to niyfeTf, tbat yodr Majefty will looE fe- . 
"vourably upon t}ie Works of yoTir own Hands.' 

* And, inTfuth, yefides this Particulii', thefe piib- 

* lie ThHigs, which' are obvious to every Under- , 
'^ ftanding,- are ^tr many Afgumerits of tJomfort, 

* and Encouragementi when''I .coritelnplate and 
*"teke*iVi'eW'rf>JicitMnbftiina6febleMng5, whichj , 
'iby-ihe G*idiie(s of Qod, Wf 'do enjoy under. 
•-J-our Mi^aSj^ttiQft pious aild plTlffent Govetn- 

'aothtj - •'■■'■' ■'■■■■ .■■" " ■ ■', 

«' -If we btHitiH the Frail\e and the Face o^ tt« , 
* riS^ierntneflf in, geriefal, We live inder a Mpi^ , 

* jiarchy ; the beft of GoVemtHertt's, the liCafeA 

* Rcfemblance unjo the DivineMaje%i which thi 
i.iin .:^ Earth aflfo^i'fhc iiipft agreeable, to Nature; and 

-'- "^'•l^tj'hyhkih other States and RefmlSics do eafilyJ 
"^''' * ftjl'and ftiteft-iiAo the Ocean",' and are naturally, : 

* -diflolved, 'as" irite^heir prhnamMiite^i^ef. Thi' 

* -£>aw& by wKieh^^«''are gdvarntdi tM above anV 

* Value my W^rda cai) fct upon them ; , Time hatn 
.- -■'. o i!f ttfiiledandamr(jve4them; theyj^eequal,atteaftd ^ 

... 'T s"i jt^atiyXawsHuman, andfocunoiiflyfrlmed and 
*'£tt«djihata»>#e.tive under atevipet-ste-Cliibottf^ \ 
» -fo'tbe Law^' fcfe trmpeprfc f yjdfljpffa ijiie Ob* ' 
» InrvanCe to the .Prerogative Itoyat Sid VM pf e-f , 

* tfofving the' Ri^t;»iid tiber^' Jc'tht Siil^efit j , 
' ^at which Vackiu k&'ftt of twS W ^ihe 'beft Enif ^ 
« 'pctors, kts elM mfkiabiks tnijhi&ttnt; ImperiiaH \ 
< -fcflMfftdftfiCAiWfclai-isthlSfiro^l thcleallDii , 
« miftution bfStjverei^ns, tliffi iit?Ws, your.Mi- ^ 

* Ibftyis tCtriyftaeiftifcfPc/rw,' ijSid'the grCateft 
«£i»«£iatte!VV'9rlS;-tlm»ii^(^fddii>'^'(!^ - 

-'-■-- ' 5 ' , t • Bwny 


Y iii G LA MO; , 417 

^ rtiany free-born Subjefts, wh'ofc Perfoiw frqtt Sw4 A^ * awrhH 

* Dot enly Power drer; but, which is aoove tha ***** 
' greateft of Kings, C6 coriimarid their Hearts: 

* If Time or Corruption of Manners breed an^ 
^ Mifts 'oT Grievance, Or difcov«r any Defcft iii 
^ the Law, they are fdon T^omei by Parliament 

* the gl-eate^ Court 6f JUfticr, arid the greatell 
' CourtcM 6{ the KioEdomV to *hich all othe^ 
' Courts and Councils an! fubordinaiR Here ytfiit 
^ Royal Peifdn ftill irtthrdhsd in the State of Mai 

* jeflyi attended b^ a Reverend and LeanMd jftre^ 
' lacy, a great artd fall t^oHlrty inthrdned, like Stari 
\,in the Eimlainenri foAie of a greater, foMe 6f A 
'*' lefltr^Mighitidei full of tight andBeaiirt, jmd 

* 'aclfAowledging td whofrl-they oWd the}*- Liiftft • 

* and ,hy A Choice Number «iF WoARy Enights' »xd 
' GerttletilgnviJiatreprcrenfHiii(*hofe'Body<if J'lout 
■* Comthins, But to leaveGfenwajs'i 'We4i*e not 

* under a Monarchy oillyi the bell of Goverfimlints^ 

* and undef aGovernrftcnttTw&eftof MonarAfesJ 

* but undti-, a King the 6effi"of Monarc^.'Wiat 
''■ Royal.'P^kbnvimd thofe cmlnehtGracfcsftnrfViri 
^ tucs;TVli!ch areinherent in yourPftCin, (in #hbiA 

* Grcatri'eft aniJGoodnefe coriteHd for Su^rteritv) 
f it Were frdbinption in m* to touch, tho* -witli 
' never fi> good a Mearring^ tbey will not be 

* bounded' within the flarrow Compals Of my Di(l- 
' coirGi : And fiich I^ifturca of fhch a King *rft 

* riot -td tfe rfiade in Lininirig, but for publit 
■■ Thin^ and A€tiorft whicR the ieaft EyS may fefc 
^ and dlfceAi'l .arid ^nthenii oBl^ueiyland byRe- 

* fleAiOn, chCarfiilly artd ^Ith-Comfort ftehold youk 
'* Perton; "What Age fhall not ^(fcord and etfcrnizfe 
;' your Wrtc^ly Magnanimities iri that heroic A<^- 
*■ tio'A 'it, venciirous Journey into Spain, or-hazarJ- 

■ iflg your Perfoil to prefetVe the Kingdom f Fa- 
■ * thirs will teli It to their Children in Succeflion s 

■ Afar-ageS will then think it a Fable. YoUr 

* Piety to riic 'Memory bf ybiir dear Father, ia 
'* following and bedewing htl Hitfe with' your 

* Tim, h fall In irtrtf Man's Memory. TKe 

* iVMic Humiliation ■wrtieitGod'i-Hind isyliea^ 
- Voi,; VI. D d • upon 


41% ^ farUa^ntgrj, KisTORT 

Ln. tduikil. t.^poF^ us, and die Ute Public Thai^klgiv^ng .f* 
>*> j' f Alij^ighty God for removina; bis Hand, botS com- 
*. ipaindcd 3Jid peifbrtned in Perron by your Maje- 
^■■ikyi is a \york in Piety not to be forgotten ; an<f 
f_\ truft the Lord will Remember tbem, and re- 
'.'iffftrd. them ■with.Mercy arid your Ma- 
{ij^y-aifd the whole Kingdom. Your Love to -' 

* Ji\ttitS( fUid yjounCare in the Ad mi d iteration <^ 
^;.J,vflicq> we all behead, with Comfort> and re- 
*j^c^ to lee it ; the great Courts of Juftice frotn 

. 1;.^; (Vghell to the^ lowell fuminicd ,wi^ Judges 

* of thiH.Wifdom and Gravity, Learnrng and la- 
S. ^^ef'ty- The Thrones of Kings are eftablilheif 
i.4y Juftice; and may if. cftablim, and I doubt 
'j^fltki"?! il **!'■ eflal^i(h the Throne of your Ma- 
f jfftyin. ypur Peifon, and in your Royal Line, 

* to i^e ^1)4 of Time. But above all, and indeed 
^,if 'is above all, as^as Heaven is diflant from the 
'..jE^^ll, ycKir Care and Zeal for the Advancement 
*::^^^ 6j*™c Rdigion and WorQii^,' arc clearly 
f i.-iM^i^ly ^pi?^^4:'^°;^P^^ hoth in your Perr 
t.^^;-»i*^^y your-.Ri^ic A^s ajid Edi£ts. It i» 
.f,.,tf^,',t^^t it i? (aid of .Princes, ^ndfadurapra^ 
f eiffitUi iplj.yqar Majefty both arc true, and a 
fjP^pofition n>aide cqn«ertible. We l^ye rcceiv- 
*ced.;S ipoJJ EFadous Anfwer from,yoijr. Majcfly, 
':iH i^rO^r ^l^iPietiticms. concerning R()ligipn, ity 

* ,f08^f^witiia-pnitlicI)edaration uriJer the Great 
:*- Spai, and ^roUfd irt all the Courts of Juftice, 
> f©r'your:K.oyaI PJcM^tireandDireAjon to'awakeo 
-S^uwl put Life intOjih^fe Xa,ws by jl qarcful Ejte-- 
:*. jM^cai, vith^rqjijiQn that the Fenajties be not 
;*-, KOHveited to youf ..private Coffers j and.yet the 
,' jC'^ci's of th? Xjpg^ *^ I*'* private' Coffers* 
A bt»t> by yourexgr^Direi^on, fet apart to piit^lic 
-1 'Ufet,. fuch ss'cpppvjn the immediate Defence of 
,-'i :tbp - Kiiffi^pm,, wh«yin we alf haite our, Shaipi^ 

* syd iniwre^, 'V'our S.oyal Proclajnatio'n bfttb 
' cpfiunanded thotc.Sa^Jb Prnfls jmi^efuits X^ 

* Qaifl^unent; tb9r^ Incendiaries that \nfcSt tht 
•i' State, of this Giiqrch and Common-Wealth. 
-^-'TiliW ysryEp^^^TOf.mto this Kio^wn is, by » 

..:..... . ■,_■■■ ■..* JO* 


-^ENGLAND. 41^ 

1^ jiift and provident Law, made Treafoni ^leirAn, i cwieil. 
" Aiin& being in Truth, (how ffJacious foever their ^'*S' 
■ Pretences be) nothing elfe but to' plot and con- 
*■ trive Treafon againft the S(ate, and to feducQ 
' your, natural-born Subjects from their true Obe-j 

* dience, nourifiiing in dicir Pofterities, Factions 

* and Seditions : WitnefsthofemanyXrcafons an4. 

* Conrpiracies againft the Perfon of that glorious 
"* Lady, \¥hofe Memory will'never die ; and that 

* horrible matchlefs Confpiracy, the Pirwder-Tr(a'. 

* fin, the Mafter-Piece of the Devil. • But God, ' 
'* that prefcrved her and your Royal Father againft 

~* all their treacherous Cohfpiracies, and hath given 

' you a Heart to honour him, will honour and pre- 

. * ferve you : Religion will more truly keep youc 

* Kingdoms, than the Seas do compafs them : It; 
■* is the Joy of Heart to your Majefty's loyal and 

* well-affciftrf Snbjedh, and wffl eVer be the Ho- 

* riour of your Rvgal Diad^tfi, and the Crown of, 

* your Cr-own. ,Thc^^»(^ Invifion in J588,' I 
' nope will ever be rememhred in England^ witl^ 

* thankfuf Acknowledgment to God for fo great ^ 
•Deliverance: And I aiTUre myfelf, Jt is remem-. 

* bred in Spain, but with another Mind, a Mind, 
■• of Revenge ; they are too conllant to their Coun- 

* fels, to acquit their Rcfolutions and Purpofes tha^ 

* drew on that'Attcmpt. It was long before dif- 

* covered, and fince printed, not without their 

* Liking, That they afFeit atf Univerfal Monar- 

* chy. Videor nthi videre (litith Lipjius of their' 
« Slate) SoUm enertlem ah Ociidtnte; a Monftcr 

* in Nature, And one of thcix own, fpeaking of 

' the two great Lights which God had placed in ' 

' the Firmament, makes the PopcJiKoimarr majus 

*■ prafideas Urbi i^ Orbi, and the King of Spa!it,_ 

' Lumnare minus, ui fuidelur Urhi tf dnmnetur^ 

< ptr Mum Orbem : A great Flatterv, and a IxJd 

*■ and impudent Allufion. But I tnift, as God hat^ 

* put it into the Heart of your Ueflfed Father, by 

* the matchlefs Book of bis, written to all Chridikti 

* Monarchs and Princes (a Work, bv which he 

* raifed a Monument to bimfelf iqore iaHing than 

D d 3 • Afarbk) 

420 The ParliameiHaiy History 

M, I chiilai. * Marble) to denounce War to that Adveriiiiy o£ 
»*»i' ' God and Kings, the Ptpe ; fo- he hath fet youc 

* facred Majefty upon the Throne of your Father* 

* to do as many Things worthy to be wdtten, as 

* be had' written Things worthy to 6e read ; a- 

* monglE them to reftraih that unlimitied Pride and 

* boundlefs Ambition of Spain, to reduce it to theic 
' proper Current and Channel ; who, under the 

* Title- of Catholic King, makes his . Pretence ta 
' more Countries and Kingdoms than his own ;, 

* and, by colour of dirguifcd Treaties,, he invades 

* the Pafalinete, and' difpoffeffeth the incomparable 

* Lady your Royal Sifter, and the Children of this, 

* Kingdom, of their Right,.and their ancient Patri>- 
' mony and Inheritance,, to the Difcomfort and 

* Diftionour of this great and ■glorious Nation- 

* God in hisMercy Toon repair this Breach by yourr 

* Royal Head ; and', I aflure myfelf,. the Hearts,, 
' the Hands, and the Puries of a]l good Subjc^ 

* will fay, Amen. 

* But I may weary your Maj^efly,. and'Ible my- 

* felf, and forget for whom I am Spealcer. Cuftoin' 

* gives me the Privilege, as an humble Suitor on 

* the Behalf of the Houfc, to prefent their fewPe- 
*■ titions unto your Majefty. 

, ' I. ' The firft. That, for our better attending 

* this public and'itnportant Service, ourfelves and 

* our neceflary Attendance may, with yourMaicfty** 
*■ tender Allowance^ lie free,, both in our Perfons. 

* and Goods, from Arrefts and Troubles, accord— 
'' ing to our ancient Privileges, 

. 2- ' The next. That fmce,. for the preparing 
« * and'drawing to Conclufion fuch Propofitions as. 

' tball be handfed in the Houfe, Debate and Dif-^ 
*' putc will be neceflary J andby Variety of Opi- 
" nibns, Ttuth ifr-oftentimes beft difcern'd ; your 
*, Majefty will likewife,, according to your ancient 

* Ufage. and Privilege, vuuchfafe us Liberty and 
'Freedom of Speecbi from which, I afTura myfel^ 
■^ Duty and Loyalty" to your Majefty will never boi 
^ fevered. 

, 3- * Th* 


Sf" E N G L A N D. 441 

3.' * That when'Occafions of foment fhaH je- *»■ ' 6url«i I, 

* quire, your Majefty, iipon our bumble Suit, and '**^' 

* at (uoh Times, as may befi fort with your Occa- 
' fions, will vouchfafe us Accds to your Royal 

* Pcribn. 

4. * That the Proceeding of the HouG: may re- 

* ceive a favourable Interpretation at your gracious 

* Hands, and be free from Mifcon&ru£tions.' 

The Aril Thing the Commons went upon, was 
to appoint a grand Committee foi Privileges and 
Ele^ions : To fix a Day and Place for receiving 
the Communion ; and to nominate a Preacher. 
Every Member of the Houfe was to take the Sacra- 
ment at St. Margaret's Church, Weftminfter^ on 
Sunday Sevennight : To bring his Name, and the 
Place for which he fervcs, and to deliver it to fome 
Gentlemen appointed for that Puipofe. After that aO the Mentel 
Time, no Man was to come into the Houfe, till he of theOminont 
had firft received the Communion, in thePrefencc J*™"""***"- 
of fome of this Committee. 

This religious Precaution had been taken in the 
Beginning of fome late Parliaments, .defigned, no ' 

doubt, for the Dete^ion of concealed Papifts ; ima- 
gining, that tho' they might take the Oath of Al- 
legiance and Supremacy, againft their Confciences, 
yet they would not be fo wicked as to crown their 
Hypocrify with. recciring the Sacrament. But, as 
none refufed, fo we may charitably fuppofc there 
were no concealed Papijit in that Houfe, 

Feb. 10. This Day, after fome Bufineft of fmall 
Moment was done, the Chancellor of the Exchc^ 
quer delivered aMelfagefrom the King to the Com- : 

mons, to this EfFe£l : 

* That his MajeAy, taking Notice of an Order fheKnt'iMfr- 

* they had made, to fend out new Writs upon f«(e coocetaing 
*■ double Returns, defires to acquaint them alfo, Si.I4w«atiJH. 
» T'na.t^.it Edward Coke, being ShariiF of fi»<:i/»if- 

* hamjhire, was returned one of the Knights of the 

* Shire of Norfolk-, contrary to the Tenor of the ^ 

* Writ ;■ Thsreforehe hoped the Houfe wduld do 

Dd 3 * hira 

^zpi ^ ParUattKraary HiftXojtT- 

Aa. I Ckiaia I. * him that Right, as to fend out a new Writ foi: thML 
»6.i. . Countv.' 

In order to underftand the Meaning ^this Mef^ 
fagc better, it is neceflary to look into the Hiftories, 
of thefc Times for a farther Explanation. It js^ 
faid, Th&t, todiCqualify fome Gcfitleaicn, who had 
been zealous in their Oppofition to the Court in thc^ 
laft Parliament, from ferving ip this, the King hapj 
pricked them as Sheriffs of Counties for the Year. 
cnfuing. Amongft the reft, old Sir Edvfttrd Cakty 
who had fo vigoroufly diftinguiflied himfelf againll^ 
the Minifter and his Meafyrej, was nominattd as^ 
above. This great Lawyer demurred to the Oadi^ 
of a Sheriff, and infifted. that one Part of it, wbiui 
"was ie dejiroy end eradicate all Herejie^ C9mmtnfy_ 
tailed LoUardics, -was not to be taken. This pro^_ 
duced an Order of Coui)ci), wherein that Claufe, 
was loft out of the Oath, and etl^blifhed to conti- 
nue fo for the future ; However, Sir Edward got. 
himfelf returned, as Knight of the Sfiirc, for another. 
■County J and this was the OccaTion of the King"* 
Meflage, and the-Dehates in tbe'Houfc of Com- 
mons, which enfued upon It. Tho' all that the. 
Houfe did this Day, in relation to the Meflage, was, 
to refer it to the Committee of Privileges and Elcc- 
tidns, to report their Opinions of the Law in theft. 
Cafes, and the Ufage of Parliament, and to be the. 
firft heard. 

After this, %\v Benjamin Rudyard gat\i^, and mo-__ 

Motio u to ^^ ^^ Houfe, on atcount of Religion ; ' Where- 

fcanlaloui Mini- of> ^^ faid, the King had given ample Teftimo-- 

A*"- nies of his great Care and Cepcern, both by his 

Majcfty's late Proclamations,, and the Life given to 

the Execution of the Laws againft them, by Com- 

miflions and Letters : But he thought there ought 

to be fome Care taken againft fcandaJous Minifters, 

as well as fcandalous Livings. Said, That he knew 

two Minifters in Lamajhin^ who wera found to 

be unliccnfed Ale-Houfe Keepers.' A Conrniittec 

ordered to confider thereof. 

Mr. Pymme moved, ' That this Commitlct 

might alfo confider of certain Articles, frt dowa 

r laft 

v^ ENGLAND. "^ 423;. 

tA PifflfiilhfSnt, bnt not put into their PetitioBv- M **■ ^aiirito.t^ 
any thing elfc concerning Religic*.* UpoawhiA- '"5- ' 
Motion, a large Cotninittce was appointed, and all Maiteii of Rdu 
that would Cdine, were to have Voicrt, tocoit^dervoni 
of a)I Pcrinrs concerning Religion, and to prefenC 
their Opinions to the Houfe. 

Sir yihii SHigt prapofedy firft, in general, tvcdn- 
fider of the State of the Country, and a Relief for- 
Grievances, t?c. ' For Particulars j firft, the Con- crieTiDcn,ftc. 
fideration of the King's Revenue. Next, an- Ac- 
count how the Subfidiei and Fifite7»h!, granted the' 
21 Jdc. were expended ; and therein to include 
the Examination of the Carriage and Mifcarriage of 
the laft Fleet ; Mifgovernment j Mifemployinexit 
of the King's Revenues ; Mifcounfelting, i^c. and 
moved for a fpecial Committee to take Conlideni- 
tioi^ thereof.' But happening, in his Speech, to 
make Ufe of the Word Coitrtiery he was called upon ■ 
by another Member to explain it ; which he did, 
but in what Manner,' is not mentioned. 

Refoivei, That the Committee on Grievances, c 
of the whole Houfe, ihaW fit every Weiatfdaf and "^ 
Friday during the Parliunent, with Power Co make 
a Sub' Committee, and with Power to fend for any 
-Perfons, Records, W^. — The Committee of the' 
whole Houfe, for Courts of Juftke, upoii Tuefday 
every Week, with like Power.- And, for Trade, 
Vpon Thurfdaif^ every Week, with the fame. — Or- 
dered alfo, That the Committee for Grievances, 
ball take Confideration of all fuch, exhibited Unce - 
the Beginning of King Jamti's Reign, and how 
they have been anfwered and reformed. 

Thefe Orders and Refotutions, without one 
Word of a Supply, (hewed but a very^unpTo- 
miling Beginning of this Parliament ; and feemed 
to hint to the MiniHry, that, without great Altera- 
tions amongll them, Jittle Relief was to be expedt- ' 
cd from this Body. From the Date above, for fe- 
veral Days togedier, there is nothing 10 be found 
in the Jmrnah, but regulating Elections, main- ' 
(niting Pf ivil^go^ and f^me Atgbt Reports, - 
Dd4 the 


424 the^^arUattenim-p Ki SlTO^l^ 

As. t Cbarln L'tbe Tfiverat CoOwiittccG, concerning Qiicvaaces Va^ 
**•*•- rdigiou^.and. other Mafters, Wf., ' ^ 

Ft^ruary ^i. It was ordered, '. fhat the Ki^ight^ 
and BurKetTe^ of every $)iu?i ^'5' *"*? Biyoi^gh^, 
within this Realm, fti^l, upOA Conference loge-' 
ther, pjrefent the Natpes o£.fuch_Perfons, remaip-, 
ing in. Cpnimifllon, or. ^l>ce of Qovertiment, pc. 
Comma^id ip "the Service foj: the W^ars^^ dr Truft, 
contrary to the Kipg's An/wpr, that either i^c con-^ 
vi^tcd, or juftly f^rpeapd, ofA^^a- 1]heir" 
Names, in. Writipg, ' to . b? prefented " ^o_ tjie Com-_ 
ixiitteq for Heligipn, ori the 17th Inilant, and they, 
to prefent (hem tp th)! ^pu^e. The fanje Com- 
ifittiee, at thcii; aeiif. Sitting, were to take Notice, 
alfp of fuch as fought to be confined, apd^yqt re- 
fprt tp the Ctties of idSiiaK and ^^mifj/^. The, 
^nights aud Burge{^es of YpTkJhtrt kA Nqrthum~ ^ 
ierlgnd^ vcre to make i^nquiry, and prcfent the. 
Names of all fuch in_ the Bifcoprip of Durham^ 
which, yet Ijnt oq J^eiphcrs, to Ifarfia^ient. 

Thp fame Qay, ^ter rpad'Pg fom^ Petitions fof . 

FaymeiK oS, ft)me Monies. difburled for the Main-_ 

teiiant:c of the £»giijlf Q^cxs and ForctiSv under. 

Count AHenijfielti, in. th,e isw CpuntirUtf a grand; 

Committee wap appointed' tj> confider of thofe. 

. Things,; and_ ^fo of the TTiret Subfi^fs an^ F'f- 

0^1 rf7h.iite ''"''**■* ^"""^'y granted: To audi; the Accounts 

Sspplin ta\<%i ^J 3 Sub'ComJ9itte^ ^Yhp were, to prepare, them. 

••■"i ' ready for the other's iVpcftioa. 

Spme.of the fuqceeding Days were taken up wlih^ 
leading of Bills, of no, great Moment, thef^oufe. 
bfing divided into different; Commicteesj amongft. 
vthic^, that oi> Grievances was hufy in hearing 
Complaints againft the Prime Minifter, and exa- 
mining Witneffes ^ijft him : The Repprja of 
which will fcIlWt iiJ.tlM! Spqu^l. 

; Ftkrwty. 17. Snrjehtt Finf}} made a Report. front, 
the. Conynittee of Privileges and Elections, M'hai 
tb^ had diwe in ijie Ca^.of) Six ^«i^)r^ Cf^« afore- 

-' "^ ^'wi^Pncd; 


•/^ E N G L A N D. 425 

incntioncd : Wherein many Cafes were cited, ^* *»• * *^ '* 
i^ antra., as to tlw Nature of an High Sheriff for -^ 

one County beii^ elected Knjght of (he Shire fo^ 
^ther. Qn all which Cafes, h^ fatd, th« Cotn-: 
fpittee would give no Opinion ; but deiired that a 
^carch might be madft^ amongft the Records, for 
more Precedents of the lilce Kature. But the De-t 
bate about this wa^ put ofF to the jd oi Marcby and 
from thence to anodier Day ; from which Timc^ 
Ve hear no more of it. In all Vrobability, Sir Ed- 
%/Mrd loft his S,eat in the Hcufe ; for he is no wajr 
takenNoticeof, asaSpeaker,orotheTwire^throughrt 
out the whole Courfe of this Seffion aftpnjvards, ex- 
cept on the Day before the Diffolution of this Par- 
liament J whe;i, on the Queftion, it was refolved, 
*. That Sir Edv/aid Ceke, ftanding, de FaltOy te-_ 
turned a Member of that Houfe, (hould have Pri-' ' 

yilcge againft aSuit inCt^cery,^ommtnced againft, 
nim by the Lady Clart.' 

Afiairs of a higher NatuK X^an the laft now be- 
gin u> rife i and, what had'been long hatching in 
the Houfe of Commons, takes Sh^pe a^d Life, and, 
becomes very formidable againfl nic Miniver and 
all his Creatures. The Recital of which* not ap- 
pearing in the Jaurnah of either. Houfe» cleai; 
^ough to diftinguifli rightly the particular Move-i 
Uicnts of this grand Attack, we fliall not follow 
them, as ufual, de Die in Diem ; but, in general, 
relate the Source and Ending of this great AS'^r. 

The tioufe of Commons had been bufy a long 
Xime, in getting Materials for exhibiting Articles 
^gainlt the Duke ; Their Committee on Grievances 
made fevend Reports \ That they had learn'd the 
Reafon, why our IVJerchant Ships and Goods were ^^^n*"'"'^ 
fcized in France, was, hecaufe our Admirals hadgajj^, jj^" "^ 
fej^ed the Goods of thatNatiop in fevcral Ports of 
England, paiticularly, in the Ship, called the Peter 
of Nnojffiven ; which was brought into Plmfiuthf 
^ Order of the Duke, ^er the King and Council 
had ordered it to be restored upon ajuft^ 
^ Couft of i\dmiralty had aUb releafed her : That 
" ., twcnty- 


jL» liSi.^'^twenty-thteeBa^s &f Silver, hnj Si^feags of (5dia, 
|*ss. ciJrtn Oi(l of this STnp, trert, hyJSitPraneis Stetvarty 
ieWvitti to the Lord Duke: That, till this Aaion, 
' '(he Frtnci di4 hot begin to ifeize any Englifi) SHi^s 
(*!■ Goods i ahd that the Ddkb, having Notice of 
it, feid. He would juftify the Stay of the Ship, by 
fa exprefs Order ftom the King. 

■ The hcxt THing, ifrc find, is, That the Com- 
mons fent G\ii z particular Warraht, by their Ser* 
j^arit, to fumthon the whole -Council of War be- 
ftre them, who were appointed to manage the Bu- 
linds, • for tfie Relief of the Palatinate ; and this 

Uncommon* Qucftiontiraspropofcd onto them, * Whether theip 
&^^of Wit Advice *a's followed, *hich they gave for the four 
'Ehds, nlertti&iltd in the A£t of ParJiament, iijac, 
for which tfie Money, given by that AA was to 
i^ue, and be applied v The Nahies of this Council 
of War wpre, the Lord Carry, the Lord Broo%y 
Lord y^^2 ^^^^ VJfcount GratuSfeiti Sir Rehrt 
Mautifil, Sb Jn^ 'Ogle, ^d Sh- Thsmat Button, 
The h'rft, excuM Himtelf,>y tli? Weaknefs aild Ih- 
firmities then uponliim ; .The fitoct, by his A^, 
being T2, ifid having parjed w;lth his Places: Tnft 
iMtSPefe, the MdCj by his Abfence in the Wars 
orthei&ttOt^/hVjj Lord Orfja^fln faid. That, 
fince y^ly lafl, .they had feldom pict, being difpcrr 
fed by the Sitknfcfs j but ddii-cd Lcayc, jn a Qucfr 
tlon of fdtSi Cohfe^uence, to confer jogWher be- 
fore they anlwflrtd : And this Was alfo. rt>? Requcft 
of the reft, WliicTi was granted, with a fpecl^ 
Order of tht Houfe to deliver their Ai^fwer, per- 
fonally, in three Days Tirfie, But what thty then 
delivered in, npt'ajipearing fatfefaftory to jhg (aoufej, 
they Were ordered to be examined fingly otj die 
Qiicftion J but hafle of thtm. appeared wili'ng tP 
gratify the Hotifr^ in that Particular, except 5lf 
Robert I^Mnfi}. - ■: ' 

■ It thay riot be improper, tpbn this "Occafion, -to 
, oTifcrvt, That,-for the .better Employment of the 

Money to be cxpeitded in mariaging of the exEWS- 

ed War, the Trtafftrers and the King's-Cou^cil- 

for the 'War, were required to make Oath, vis. 


.^ ENGI, ANR 48^ 

The TreafuKTS, ^ Tia(t noi^e of thofc MmU^ *■• > <■#!#* 

P^buW ifTue out of their Hafids, Widiout WarnUit '*^?* 

from the fa^d Council of War :' And the qtfier, 

> That they fhouU make po Warrants ibr thp 

Payment of any of thofe Moniel, but Only for the 

finds abovcFnentioned.' And further, ' £houkl aU 

|>e accountahle for their Doinffs *Hd Proceeding* iq 

fhat Behalf, to the Cemntetis in Partitmuitt, wbe^ 

^ey, or any of ^lem^ I^hM be thereubto . ret- 

Quired (a).' 

WhilA this Affair was debating, the King fent ia 
Letter to the Speaker, and aMefi^e, bySiriUeilHn/ 
ff^e^BUy to the ^oufe j ^hict} tmic ai ioUe^s : 


Trufty and Well-bdoved, »<:, 
ZJAVING affimbUd the Parittrnmri, early !m the The KiiB't Ut- 
•M Begimi»iBftheYiery.firtheMwttimtifHtip*^f^'^^^^ . 
fwrf ^(^f s^flw Peapie, m rtr ^irt imd hr^ttttm 3^|jy. , 
J/lffairs ; and having of latty net only, iy M^iigt>, 
ha alfi of ourfelf-, put oi^ Heufe sfCsmniem in ?utM( 
V* o%ir frefftHg Occeftmty aftd tf dn frt/tnt SteU of 
Chriftendom, whertin they haw tqml ^tr^ Vim 
• us, as well in reJpeS ef their VWU ftnker MngHjge- -_v_ 

menti, as of the cmanoHCmfti ipe Jiail rut ^i^ n ^tt 

tell them wtth what Care and Patience we have, in 
the Midft of our i^eUffiies, attended th^r R^Ui- 
tiins; but^ buaufe their unfeafanaHe. Ahtonefs Itxdj 
prtduce at hume^ as ill BffeS as a Deniaiy andhawn'd 
the whole Bftate iff Things abroad, we btrut tbiUgDt 
Jit, by yeu, the Speaker, tfi let them knaWy thaiy vdtb- 
iut more Ltfs bf Time, we look fer a fidl and ferfeG 
AnfweTf of what they will give for oar Suffffy ffteird- 
ing to our Exfeiiatien md their Prmifit ; ivhiri- 
in, as we prtfs for nothing tejond tbt fr^mt State 
and Condition of our Suhjeils, jo loili we ateipt no left 
than is prtpertionabU to the Greotmfi and Gcodnefs 
»f the Caufe ; neither da we prefi them to a frejeitt 
^folutitn in thitt. vith a PuTpafi. to precipitltle tBelt- 
Cotmfels, much left to enter upon their Privileges^ 
■ . . . \ bta 

f/i) SeeStetaiaetLerf, tiJac.Cef.^ 

428 lie Parlit^^/aetaaryH I srotiY 

.^iChirlMl. hit tofisewy that it is Unfit it depend atiy leitger tipati 
*PH' JJnartainty^ whereby the lahele ff^eight of the y^ 
fw'mf Ciai&eaAom^ may break in upon us, on tbt 
•fitidtn^ ti BUT Dijhanaur, and the Shame of this Na- 
tion, And, for the Bu/inefs at home, tue command 
fou to promife them ilti eur Name, that, after thty havt 
fatitfied tis, in this eur reafonable Demand, we fl>aH 
a)Bt only continue them together at this Time, fo long 
' . -as.tht Seafan willpermit^ but call them, jhortly again 
to perfect ihofe neceffary Bujineffet, which Jhall he taw 
ieft undent ; and now we flsall vnlHttgly apply fit and 
jeafsnable Rtmedit's to fvchjufl Grievances, whtchthey 
Jhall prefrit unto us, in a dutiful and mannerly TVay^ 
without throwing an ill Odor upon our prefent.Go- 
. vernpientj or upon thi G»oemment of our late bleffed 
father. And if there be yet, whodtfire to jittd Faulty 
we Jhall think iim the wijejl Rtprehender ef Errors 
pafl^vAo, wkbetet refUHing backwards, can give ^s 
■ Comfel, hew to fettle- the prefent Eflate of Things^ 
* . and ta provide far the future Safety aitd Honour of 

.the Kingdom, 

Aai hk MciQ|< The Heads of the Meflagc, for drawing a moR 
^frbv^^rf^r"' 'P^^y Refolution from the Houfe, concerning the 
adluof Ac £1- ^ing of Denmark, Count Mansfield, and his^fa- 
, Asfucj. jelly's Army in the Low Countries, were thefe : 

I. * T!hat his Majafttr't FI«t being returned, and 

* the Vt£hia!s fpentj the Men mijft of Neceffity be 
■ • dilcharged, and their Wages paid, or elfe an affuf 
•' red:Mutiny will follow; which tnay be manj 
-' wsys dangerous at this Time, 

II. * That his Majefty hath made ready about 
.• forty. Ships, to be fct forth on a fecond voyage^ 
-> to binder the Enemy, which want enly Victual^ 

* and fome Men ; which, without pr^erit Suppljr 

* of Money, ^annot be fct forth and kept tegetner, 

III. ' That the Anny, which is appointed in 
.1. every Coaft, muft prefcntly be dilbanded, if they 

.-the not forthwith fupplied with Victuals and 

* Clothe* 

IV. VThat 


^ fi M G L A N'f>. 4aj| 

^V. * That if^eCompsmies.of /n&W, lately An,,!. Cli^fc . 

* fcnt thither, te not provided for, jnftead of de* 'S*K 

* fending thatCountry, they will prove the Authon 
-^ ^Rebellion. 

V. • That the Seafoti for providing healthfid 

I Visuals will bcpaft, if this Month be neglcft^* 

' And therefore, his Majefly conunandcth me, to 

* tell you, that he defired to Icnqw, without fur- 

* ther Delay of Time, what Supply you will giv* 

* him for thefe his prdent OccaHons, that he may 

* acconlingly iiams his CoUrfp and Counfel,^ 

But all thefe &^ot!ves and Conlt^erations vtn of 
fraall Weight with the Commons. They thought 
fit, however, fome Days after, to return the King 
an Anfwer to his MelTage, which had been prepa* 
red by a grand Cominittee, appointed, for that Pur* 
[ufe. This being twice read, was agreed to by ths 
whole Houfe ; and, upon the Cb'^'^T ""f^ to ha 
delivered to the King by the Speaker. , The Coin* 
mons Anfwer, and the King's Rcji^ic^tion' tp^ itf , 

arc both prcfervcd by R.uJhwonhy iri this form ; 

^■' MeflGradiufSavifeipiy - .' , 

* 'yrO'^JVi Majcfty's dutiful and loyaJ Sub- Tfe ommm 

* * jc^, the Commons now al&inhlea -in I'ar- *'>'''™*> 

* liamcnt^ in.all-^uinilityfpnfeiit unto your R^id 

* Wifdomt tKis their I<^al Aniwer tp the Meflagc '" * . 
f wh(ch yourMaiefly was plcafed, fey the Chan. 

* cellor qf your Exchequer, to' iend unto there,'' 

* defiring to know, without any further deferring 

* of Time, what Supply they would give to yoa| 

f Majefty, for your pfefent and extraordinary Oci^ ' 

* fions, Uiat you might accordingly frame youi 

* Courfes and Counfels. firit of all, they moj^ 

* humbly befeech your Majefty to know, and refli 

* aflured. That no King was ever dearer to hit. 

* People, than your Majefty j no People more z£af- 
*. lous to maintain and advance the Hauouc and- 

* Greatnefs of their King than they i which, a& 

* upon all OccaTions they Ihall be ready to exprefs, 

* fe efpedally in the Support of that Caufe, where-' 

■.Gotit^le . 

^^ irt? P'srliamerifay KtsriaK^ 

An. 1 ttarln 1. * in your Mijeffy aijij- your Allies .are nov jtifiij 
^5'' ' eng»^. And ticcanfe they ran|iot, doubt, bui 

* your Majefty, in y6iir great Wffflotn, even ou( 
' of Jufticc, a^d!theExamplp of youJ 

* mw fWom-Fred^^OTB,wilF be. pleated* graf i- 

* oufly to accept die farthfyl.Md'uecelj&ry &ifbr- 

* ihation arid Advice of your Faxlrameirt, wliic^ 

* can have no Sjiii but the Service of your Majeftyj 

* and Safety, of your Realms iq discovering the 
•. CauCb, aft<Jp,ropofing the Remedies of- thefe great 
' Evib, uriiich have occafioncd youc Majefty'i 

* Wants, and yQur people's Grief:. ^ 

* They thcrrfbre, in 'Confidence and ^t Affiifr 

* afafc of Redreis tjiercin, do, with one Confent^ 
' propofe,' (tho% informer Time, fuch Courfe hath 
•■ been unufed) that they really ii\tend to affift and 
* 'fupply your Majefty, in fugh a Way, a^d in f» 
' atiiplc a M^ure^as may make youTa^ at home* 

* and feajed abroil; for the'.ljifpatch whereof* 

* they wijl uft f«ch Diligence,, as ydur Majefty'i 

* preffiRg^an^ preftnt Occafions.fhill rcquiit^' 

His Majefty made tbis^Rcfily'lq the. CotBtnioRt 

. Mr>.Speafew» . , '• 

•fheKhg'* Re- tT'ii S jMiVer ofiht.GtnUmin di^tmtd hy yoUt. t 
fif. ■*■ liih-uuB Ifiemd do tah it _fBr a fiiU and fatifi- 

faffvrj MJwtr,. mid J tha?ii them fw ii; and i 
kvpeyoa-aml, vikfi all- Expedition, taif aCeurfe fir 
Pirjjmmntf tbernf-,- the whiib tvjll turn toynif: nun 
Goffdf as vjtU as mine: But fir yai& Claufe thereinl 
tfprefentin^ of Grievaitee!, I take- that 'bat fir- a 
Parenihefa iff your SprecB, .and net a CsnditioK \ 
imdytt, fir Anfiaer to that Parti t v>ill teByau^ 
I\wili'he as wUBng to bear your Grifuancti^ ai 
my PredeceJ/irt baj» been, fi thiti yiu -iviit apply yotir-^j 
/ffoes to redr^t Grievances, and not -to: enquire itfUr^ 
Grievances. / mi^ let you hrnv), that T will sirt 
aHofo any of, my Servatitf to be que/Ho^d ttmangfi 
jattf much Ujsficb as are of eminent. Placet end near 


<f. HJNOX A-NDr., 4,%y 

unfa mt, the i>14 ki^'ftw "mas^ Wh jt (hall be done ^; .i Churia 1. 

tp ihe Man whdin me Kiiig ^^11 honour ? Bui mw ' **^ V 
it hath been the Labour efjBjne^ to'Jiei wbaf raa^ Bi 
^ne againji him] -whom. tht^Klk^'thii^ fit to honoftr, 
Iffe'yfu eJp'ecUlfy aim at the Dtiie df B Jcliuigftahl ; 
I'vionder vi^it .h0h fo ahere'd.yofir'Jffeiiioni /pi 
wards him. I\di well reme'm^ir^ 'ihatt^ in the lafi 
Parliament in my' Father' s'T^tru, when he Was thf 
Inflrutnenf ta.bna.i the freatifs^ gll. of pu (and yet 
I cannot fai' ally for I know fame of you art, changed. 
hut yet the Houfe of Commons, is givaays tfy fa^e) 
did ft much, bmour an^ r'efpefS hhf^^ thtft' all iju 
Htnour conferred^ on h^ ivas, fas little i and,, what 
it hath done]fiwe i ' his MSnds^ J 

xmt not-, but can . ^not, medl^^oh 

ifl&w. any thing ct '■ pr' ^ommfrL- 

ffealth, but .byJl i'JpfdUt^eiik 

and Servint ■o'/n gaining' i^ 

'imft-oving hisEfia.. ..... ,__, , verjiy 'i&M% 

hath rathir iihfaired die' fmei'-'^'l'' wijh pU\pduBi 

Sen my Supply^, «^ elfe itvj/ll.hewarpfar.yiiur- 
M i fof, ' yP iihy III happeh: ,TtbM' Tfi^ be tht 
^^jharjhfiii/eeitt. ' \ Ji_':^ ■':_] '„ :t,:^ 

'. But the-Spirft Vaifed .againft rf* Minlfttr £V5u'ia Mr. Cofce-. Rb. 
tiot ;be conjurei aiw-nby ait/aiittg the Kin&fcbulS 1'?''^*^^ 
'do,j .and n& Supply»',bf kkpiSie^^'t^r'^ i^h^. 
Bijce;wafi'£iven up; to pilbliii^T^^trtiearic^. '''1^ 
Ciom^ohs wllow^d the^Clrace'xcry warnoly'a^aji^ 
l^niyattiij'in Rjaii oftH^ifDiibateS^' (KiY iSvecfc -,' 

'lzTWy"^'.'CletnentCoh{x\y,hi/i;'^'at it.wAs.'betl^ 
ta'^e iy'an Mnemy, than toj'uff'er''4(,hame. ' And .4n- 
■Qthfer'Tvletfiftcr, 'Dr.- Turner, a Phyfician^ propofed 
to the Houfe the following j^tfrfwi ^iinft Th^Diit^, 

"• • Wh^&erjiKe C)uke, Kting'Admital, b^ liotthp Dr, Tmmt^ 
'Caurci>f.the Lofs pi the'K.irlg's. Royajty'in th? Q«i«iei iig»Jn« 
narroy? Seas' f-' ' '• , ' ,; ^ ' 

^ * Whtther the inreafonable^ exorbitant, andinij 
toenfeGifu of Money and Lands, on the Duke and i 


4ii fhe Pariiimfttia^ Mist^rv 

Aa. I Cbulei I-lits Relations, be not the CauCe of impairing &fi 
*6»j. icing's Revenue, and impoverifliine^.tHe Crown ?' 

* Whether the Multiplicity of Offices, cdnfer- 
red Dptm the Duke, and others dapehdlrig; upon 
him, whereof thev Were not capahlci be not ffye 
Caule of the evil Government of this Kingdom r _ 

* Whether Rioifants, in general, by a Kind of 
Cbnnivency, be not borne out and increafed, bjr 
leafon the Dulce's Mbdier and « ather-in-LaW were 
known i*<rtj/?jf* 

* Whether the Sale of Offices j Horiouf» an<| , 
Places of Judicature, with Eccleliaftical Livings 
and Promotions, a Scandal and.Hurt td theKing-^ 
dom, be not thro' the Duke ?' . 

* Whether the Duke's ftayltig at home, .bcme 
Admiral and General in Chief of the Sea andLanu 
Army^ vfaa not the Gaufe of the bad Succeis and 
Oversow of the late AAiqn ; and whether h« 
gave.good DireAioh for the Condu£l of that De-^ 
'fign?' .■•■,,. 

When Mr. Cote fpolce thofe Wo^ds; or when 

thele ^erits were delivered to the Hoiife, we are 

not told; but the ^0ur»i7/r inform us, that, the 14.1}} 

of March^ the Chancellor of the Exchequer deli- 

■. . vered a Meflage from the King to the Hpufcj both 

concerning the'Words fpoken by'Mr. Cakci and the 

fix Articles propofed by Dr. T^T^f . agalnft the 

T)uke ■ yet they fay nb ferther,' than that MrJ 

At) wiuch tha Ctike ftood up to clear htmfelf froin any ijl Injen-J 

fei?'r^ tion, ttndlrig to Sedition, in the Words ■ but Rufit^ 

' ' .worth is fuller, and gives u!i rfie Subftance of 'th« 

King's Mefliige to' the Houfe, as well a$ X)t^ Tur^ 

Her"! Excufe apd Letter tKereuporr. ,Tfie-MdIage 

was in th'cfe Words : • , ■ \ '. 

' That Ws Majefty' had taken l^oticc' of a fedii 

* tious Speech uttered in tBe Houfe by Mr. CltmaU 

* Cofe : The Words are faid to be tp this EffcA ■■ 

* Tiat it wst bttltr ■ la die by tfn $iiimy^ thm ttl 
' ,^i^ ^ Inme : Vet his' Mi^^y, iii'his Wildom,' 

* hath forborne to take any C»ur(e therein,' or ia 

....'.* fend 


. •/ E N G LAN a :■ 433 

^ fend tfl (Jl^ Houfe about it, not aoubtiilg but the *«>• 'J?'"'"'' 
.* Rojifc would, in due Time, correift Aich an In- ' ^* 
^ foJeAce: But his Majefty hath found, that his 

* Patience hath wrought to an ill Eiie^ and.hath 

* embolden^ one fince to do » ftrango Adt, in a 

* ftrange Way, and unufdal : That isj Dr. Turner i 

* tvho, on Saturday laft, without any Ground of 

* Knowledge in hlmfelf, or Proof tendered to. the 

* Houfe, made &n Enquiry .of fundry Articles 

* againft the Duke of Bfickinghamy as he pretend^ 

* ed ; tut indeed againft the Honour and Govem- 
i ment of the King and his late Father. This, his 

.^ Majefly'.faithi is .fuch an Example^ that he can ,.. 

f by no Means fuffer,, tho' it were to malce En- 
f quiry of the meaneft of bis Servants, much left 

* againiione f9 near Unto t^imfelfj and doth won- 
' der at the foolifli Impudency of any Man tbaf 

* can thinlc he fliould be, drawn, out of any End, 

* to offer fuch x Sacrifice) muo unworthy the 
■ Greatnefs of a ICing, and Mailer of. fuch a Ser- 
^ vant ; And therefore, his Majetly can no longer 
^ ufe his wOiited Patience; but deltrcth the Juffac* 
' of the Houfe againll the Delinquents ; not doubt- 
^ ing, but fuch Courfe will be taken, that hefhall 
^ not be co^ilrained to ufe his regal Aathpiity to 
^ right himielf againft thefe two Perfons.' 

. Upoti this MeQage, Dr. Turner made a (hort 
Explanation of himfelf, d^firing to knoW where- 
with he was charged. * What he {aid, he faid, the 
Houfe can witnefs ; and what he laid, he fpake for 
the general Good of the Common- Wealth, and. 
i)Ot upon the leaft RefleiSion of any in panicular. 
This he thought a FarUamcntary Way, warranted 
Vy ancient Precedents. T'o accufe upon com^noa 
Fame, he finds warranted, firfl:, by the Imperial 
^man Liws, and thd Cansns of the Church, which 
allowed common Fame fufficient to acq^fe anv 
Adan. And they that are .learned amongft ^heiri. 
give two Reafans ; FirlL for Greatnefs. Neit, 
£]r Cunning^, Our AnceftoFs, within thefe Wat'i^ 
^ve done the likp* vid that to a Dulte^ the Dukft 
Vol! Vh "Ed ' rf 


'4;^ *tte TarUammtafy HuToitt 

IhKi i^hnteLor SmfOf, in ^ Tine of Htmy VI. who wal^ 
*^$- -accufed upon Fame. And, laftly, he fiud, Mr^ 
Chandcllorbnnfelf £d prefent the commbA Under'- 
tikcn upon particular Fame ; wd wh^ he ShmiIS 
not have at nnple Privilege in tlus Pkce^ he kne# 
tu Rjeifon te the contmf .' 

The CoBanonB having appointed another Da4 
for the Debate -of this Bufmers, in the mean Time 
cbOK this Letter from Dr. Turtur to the Speaker. 

SIR, ' 
■r. Tw«r\Ii. JT'-^S S£ £»■«« frjl pititUt, jw U fptify te iht 
«ui. -* Mtnttirahle Hmft gf Cenumms^ That my Defirts 

M'tJlWt^/ame ta havr mada my perftinal Appearatkt 
htfire yau, iut tny- Ability and Strength to pirfarm tty 
'mrt rut theffuiu p and ihtr^afe^ thita I himhfy dtfirt 
ihem te tiKufe me 0« that Pari, end ta accept of tiii 
tnyJlffiver taba ^ StattfTy that I Jball fpeai U. I 
do eaitfefs, that, »n Saturday loft, in the AftemeoKy f 
itid Stiver m Ctrtmn Accafations ef camnwn Famfl 
6rt9 the Homfi ef ParKemunt, agmnS my herd Ad- 
:.J nfirdfy md Uxit attt ef fa many, all fearing the Slg- 
"■/ natare cfVox PopuH, / chajf na/tme ftUi, nit 
hecO^ife^^ were grtattr, or more ku/mm Grievances, 
hut becauft- they did Jiem ta direfi »s tt find eut the 
Griever, er the fir/t Caufi : For I did think it wot- 
Hnt full Time to agree the Age>tt and the Alliens ; 
and that it was Titne alfo to Usjje canfidering Grie- 
Veucetin Arbitration. I do now alfi agree itnte yati^ 
ihe/t it/hieh hath been reported unto yea, ff Mr. Wan- 
desfoid; andbythbl, if you jhall think fit, ■a/ill put 
^felf Unta your Cenjkre ; hoping, and affiaing my- 

fiif, thai you will find 7ny De^n to include nothit^ 
a^euiitiiinit, but Duty andpuilie Service to my Coun- 
try i and alfo, that ?ny addreffing thofe Accufatians M 
m Havfeof PafBameni, fkdl,, by yeu, be fnmd tar 
he dene by^ mannerly and'P or liamerttwy Way. But, 
iew/oever, it becomes ihe' io fiibmi^ my Caufe ta yenT 
IVtWrnt and equal fudgt^mts, ^Sie&I do heartily^ 
and whatfoeverpu fimS^pleafe -ft appoint me, / ji!i«tf 
Aaifidlyfktitfy. -mmt'Qvdi^tdt bt.iliH^d to reprt 

■,Go(.ii^le ■ 

^ E N G L A N n. 4.^s . 

Vu ahle It 4mtnd yaiir Strvice, I daubt lUT tut ft Ao. a Cfctrin h 
tgivi yau at ^aruft ykaunt »f afl my Jifims herein. '*■''' 
'jfti/, ifiPiatljirft^ te my Grav^^ I defirtf if yom 
yfeii ttu dear., the Ktptaaihn gf an hmtfi Man, and 
'm Engtijfiniah, kay attend At thtrtuntn. 3^n / ' 



NotwV:Mhnai^ tlie Carder for another Heajing 
W this Mutter, t&re ^ little 6r no further Men- 
Jtioa made ooocenfiiig it in the fmnuiisy tiH nanf 
Days after, fffaen. Ehe Rot^e c^Mtie to .debate oA 
'the &j^ of p^ Turktr't $uiria, l^ht^er toiiimk 
"Fame wat a/i^deK Grikiufir Acct^atwn ? ^ 

, Upontliis, J^j»riV 2lV a long Debatse enftied in the Ei^^ on tlw 
Houfe on the QueaJoo". Mr. Malik began,, and ifi»«W*Qamw. 
laid, ' That the Q^ian, Wht^er cmimn Fame 
was a Ground fiigmttk far the Qimmns Hoii/i if 
Pofbametd t9 pnetek i^mi, requirod^reacConfide- 
Xation. That he was againft ti; tbo% be confeTa'dv > 
tie had feen few angiiul ^redadents In the Cafek 
But the Poinf, Whether an Accufation upon com- 
imon Fame be to be entertained tberej and &om 
thence tranfhitted tg the Lords, he vhu againft, 
^r thefe Reafons : Tirjt, BocavTe it would disad- 
vantage the Party accufed; confidenRgritat he muft s 
jUifwer'.die Fame, aS well u the Acculatlon. l^ext^ 
Whofoever it accufed here*, atid clearedj is, by the 
ijuftice of this Houfe, to have Remedy <^nlt the 
Accufcr i which, by this Courfe, he will want/ 
. * In the 7th of Richard II; an Accufation of 
bribery wfs made againft the Chancellor, by Co' 
vta^fii : The CompTaiftt being foufld ^fe, be was 
ai^udged to pay » Fine of j6o» Marki^ to be in- 
ptifoned, i^c' 

■ In tits f 7th of the fame Reign, a Complaint 

was made by the Earl of Jnmdei againft tbi Duke 

^ LatKo^tn He wn acqititted, and the Duke 

E % a ordered. 

-436 ^ PtrUamfntary History" 

.Aa. ■ Chute Uoidered^ In Parliament, 'to have Satisfaflion fnHit 
, "»«• Arundel.' 

» That if this had been an Ofe in Parliameiit, it 
i^ould) from thence, have been derived to ether 
Catuts; .whereas no Temporal Court halt ever; 
ufed it, except in Cafes Capital, as in that of Mt- 
tbael ie la Pole. So, in the Caie of R^ufants^ he 
thought it might be lawful ; becaufe the Rccu&nt, 
tho' indited, yet, conforming and taking the OathA, 
is freed from all Penalties of the Law. But this 
was not the Cafe in Queftion.' 

* If this was calculated to prevent a Mifchief, it 

: might be tolerated; but, on the contrary,, here, 
where it tends to Judgment. This, he faid, was 

' not like the Enquiry of a Grand Jury j yet no 
Grand Jury, eitept in the Cafe of Rtcufantt, pro- 
ceedeth upon common Fame, without other Proof. 
He likened the Refemblance of it to a double Judg- 
ment on Account ; where the firft Judgment miS: 
be grounded on a Verdift of Confeffion. Doubted 
this Precedent might be dangerous to inferiOrTem- 
poral Courts, by way of Imitation.' 

' That Petitions to this Houfe for a Grievance 

. are in Writing, the Peticioners prefent, and thmr 
Hands unto it. Laftly, he faid, he remembred the 
Cafe of the Bilhop of Linahf, 12 yae. which^ 

i ,iipon fpecial Reafon, as concerning the Honour of 

, this Houfe, and for which they could have no other 

' Ground of Proof, was yet Kjeded, becaufe it liad 
no other Ground.' 

This Speech was aitfwcrcd', firft, by Mr. ffyUi 
who quoted Bra£tan, ' That all Sufpicions, ground- 

' ed, upon Fame, were to be regarded. That fotao 
^refumptions admit Proc^ to the contrary, others 

• not : But that this Fame muft arife amongft the 
better Sort. All our Law-Books concur in this 

> Point, That an AQ muft firft be done, and tlie 

• Fame rife in the County where it was d9ne. This 
is a Kood Ground for arrefting upon any Feloi^ j 

; as Murder, Robbery, Wc." and quoted fcvcral Afls 
' «f Jadijunent to prove it.' 

.. Mr. 


" ^ENGLAND.' 437 

■ Mr. Lifthten (aid, * That this was not a Houfa An. t Ch.^ r, '■ 
of definitive Judgment, but of Information, De- '***■ " 
nunciation, or Prefcntment, for which common 
Fame was fufficicnt. That there was a great Dif- 
ference between common Fame and Rutnour: The 
general Voice was common Fame } and. Vox Po- ■■ • 
paliy Fox Dei. By the 14th of Edward II. com- 
mon Fame was more than the Saying of one Man; 
. for that it was the Voice of many. That com- 
mon Fame was a good Ground of In^rifonment 
for Treafon or Felony, by the a7th of EUaabttH : 
but the Perfon cannot then be uid to be, either a ■ 
Felon or a Traitor.' 

' That, in other States, ancient and modem,' 
Men had been not only accufed, but condemned^ 
by common Fame. He quoted Precedents ; of the > 
Duke of Sufoli'sCiCe, 28th Henry VI. theDulce^f^ 
Somerjefs, 29th Hemy VI. and the Biihgp of Lin- ■ 
coin's Cafe, in the i2lii of James, Concluded,' 
That a Man, accufed by common Fame, is to an- ■ 
fwer only to the Accufation, and not die Fame.' 

Mr. BroUme, -on the fame Side, argued, * That 
Accufation was to be al limed, but not Calinnnia- ' 
tion : Calumniation is, in an unAt Place, talay an . 
Afp^HIon. That common Fame was called, hf\ 
Civilians, Semiplena Probation aridng out of aji^a- 
rent Signs. If a private Man accufe^ and it 'be," 
found faJfe, he. is liahlctoPunifliment ^ becaufeJie . 
had nothing to do in it: But, where a Member of : 
this Houfe does it, Ubert licet Aaufatio^ if the Place - 
be proper for it} otherwife, not: Therefore j an 1 
Accufation, in this Houfe, proper. That there wu- : 
no Subject, how gr^t foever, but what is.queQioai'i 
able here, if he be grievous to the Common- WealtU: 
aoi in alt former Precedents ; and this the ohly^T . 
Place, iiv Which to queflion great Menl' - ,. - - in 
S'li Thomas Wentworih fail, ■* That If they, could 1 
not prefent to thelxtrds upon common Fame^iycti'i 
they might enquire and accafe^ in that HouTe,; upo'a 1 
it. That this Was the oiily Sjfeguard for Aocufa-- 1 
tiOn of great Men i whel-eaa,,!ia sUotbefs, no ;' 
' Man dare acCufe them, .for J'«arjc£Danger. -M.en.> 
-1 E c 3. " , ■ of 

438- n^FmHfpimarf Histr.«y 

f(»^H(*t.of cvflFame woe not baSaWei kut tobeboff^ 

■ ^ to g(»4'Bebaywwrb)r h& of farUaowtit. lEcom^. 
moo Fame was Aiflicie^ for Treafon. and Fdopy^ 
it was pnich nan fo, ^ lefler pfiences. A^ 
StMndaU'^ MagnaHim liedi not, wherf a Maa cat\ 
bfifle forth but one- Author.' 

Mr. SelMy {pake'oext, m tbi« PebaKi, and ar- 
£Mcd, * TJtft ^ Queftitui was not only, Wbe- 
tber this HouTe nay precev4 to tra^&iit to the. 
Lords ttp<H^ ^mrrwm F«ne > ^nd fyrdy, they 
- njig^t, elft no mat Man flia}l be accufed, bf anj^ 
Particular, for Foar of Danger. The Faults ot 
theGods, were not to be told, ylt lhcGoddcrs^tf«w, 
w«a befn. S>r tt male cndiiif, is ^t into IndiA- 
mniEs ftx Munl«r.. That thie Courfe of iVccvia)- 
tion was bdd, in all the Courts is Cbryitndem. 
That tlufir CauG w^c to ^ rtiled by the I^w of 
Parliaments, and sol cttbcc W the Connnoa ^r 
Oil Las. In the Cais of the |>u)ce ^f Sif^ili. 
sStb Hauy\t. there was a' gcficia] R.ueA(Hi<' and 
Koift of great Dflhneea done ag?uift the State, 
Tbt ConuDons, taking Notice ttieieof, ac^aintcd 
dieLoidswtd»t^atgejl£r;dCui»our, ptayioglJs^*^ 
he might be comrnittcdi to the TVvrt'r r which tb« 
^ Locd$,ti]k3iiCoflfttlt3tiott with tbe Judges, .nfbfed)^ 

becanfe the Charge vas only genei^ i Th^rfupMu 
0s Coomons inftaaced, in ot>e Particular) That 
thBir<wJ Kt|ig was ready to iuvade tlM fCingdon. 
this' his Defxuit.;. wbtitupcn, he was prefeutly 
f annnitted^ In tBe Duke of Simerfift Cafe, 29th - 
Htnry VI. the Ti^e Clanioyr upon comowin Fan^e, 
and the Parties coinplpaBd ofj were removed from 
their Offices.'^ 

Mr. Xclie ItHy < The Copiptons fn^ prelent ft 
L^rd of.thc Higher Houfe to the Lords'} for b« ia 
not compellable to aofwcr in this : And, if we can- 
nii preftM upon connnoo Fame, he can never be 
ianra, to anfwer. If the Offence tend to Felony 
OP Tjxafoay the Commons may pray to have him 
committed, in lefped to the Quality of the Fad i. 
^« ibiiotherwife inl&nller OfieccKs.' In the 5th 
^^Mry ly. a.iCain{rfaliit was ma^ againft the 

^.ENGLAND. 439. 

f^ia^i CoMfcAbr, aad Came otheis : Hereupon, the ^ ^^^ ^" ^ 
doids ordned they &ouM b« removed from about 
the. King. And the ICingt in Parliament, tho' ke 
lucw no Ciufe particularly, yet, bccaufe t^ Lords 
apd pommcns had thought them unfitting, he there 
CommanFled them to come no more .near h)ttt; 
and that if there was ajiy others, againft whc^ the ' 
Lords and Commons hsd Indignation, he wouM 
removetheni alfo (f).' , 

Mc. Sherlmd argued, * That, in a C^e, wkera 
diere wai pnhiMii Gaufa MgirndL, ne Damages / 

were ever awarded. That common Fame was sA- 
hwad to he fimifiemaPrtialio. That the Lift and 
Soul of. die Common- Wealth was of greater Re- 
fpc& Chan Feloay. He faid, there wat as well a 
real Trealbn, as a iepi Trcafon ; the &$, tanta- 
mDiiDt to the other : Therefore, common Fame, 
waa a rvficieat Ground in das C^ile, as wdl as for 

The laft 'n^io fpolce io this Debate, ok th« fiune 
Side, was Mr. M/, who faid, * That Men hbund 
by Reco^ixance, were Ibmetimes imprilbn'd on 
t oommoa Fame. That this Houfe could but en- 
quire, they had no other Juiifdifiion ; for th^ 
were no Churchwardens nor Grand Jury, And 
it was wrong, hc&id, that the Fault Should go un- 
punilhed, bccaufe no Mm diirft accutc. The 
Grounds lot an Enquiry were two; the grft, com> 
nion Fanw j the next, whether that Fame be trui;. 
That they ought not to tranfmit, without die firft 
be cpmnian ; but without the particular £n((uiiiy, 
they .might : For it mighthappcn, they could not 
get Wicnefles ; fuppollng the Witn^es to be of' 
the Houfe of Lords,' 

It is eafy to fee, by the Courfe of this Debate, 
(hat the Duke had few Advocates in the Houfet^ 
Commons. We do not even find, that the Stated 
Officers in that Houfe faid any thing in his Favour ; 
only, we are told, that the Chancclfor of thcDutchy 
being afked his Opinion, gave it againft this PrO' > 

ceedipg by common Fame. 

E e 4 Upoa 

jJ^Set Vol. II. p. T9, »|«t «6»- 

449 Tke ParSailfen&iry Hi sT pity 

tm » Cb«A» t Upon the whole, the QpeSiiMi was put, * Whe^' 

. "" tjicr common Fame waS a good Ground of pro^' 

ceeding, either to enquire or it there, or tran&ut' 

the Complaint, if the Houfe think lit, to the King, 

or the Lords V It was carried in the Affirmative, b^ 

a great Majority. 

The Commoni This SJmsTay being put by, the Commons then 

rcrolve xo pmted proceeded wfth great Vigour againk the Duke. Se-' 

2 iu^'£^' ^'"^ Committees, appointed' for particulaf Enquiv, 

■ *^' riesintohisGondii^, brbughtin thcirReports, and 

many Votes and Refolutions werf taken upon them }' 

which we fliall poftpone, tjll we come to the gcne-r'- 

nd Charge againA him. 'But, amongft the reft oft 

the Coounittees, there' was one appointed tt> con- 

fidet of % Supply to be granted to the King ; and, • 

March 27," Sir Dudley- Diggtiy ^lad^tbQ Report! 

from it. The fame Day, .it was refolved upon Ac' 

Aiui ilfo 10 mvt Quezon, • T^at threeififf^^/w and ti«c Fifteenths' 

a Supply. " fliould be granted to his Majefty in ibis Sdlfion of. 

Parlbunfentf paya^e^t'diree'feparate Times; the 

Bill, to be. brought in, w^n they had prefentcJ- 

^heir Grievances, and received his Anfwer to thcm.'- 

. Hand in Hand, wHh the Supply went the Com-« 1 
DjioiiE Proceedings apiinft the Duke. Rufiiworth^ 
informs us, of one Day's Debate on that Matter ;' 
and that, Sir W. Waiter, if bis Numc be not mif- 
DAitt en the taken in thofe Colkaiori \z,), reprefemed to the 
Duke'.ABiir. B^aie, ' That the Caufe of all their Grievances 
was, becaufe, as itwasfaidof Z-rnc/iXI. oi Frctice^ 
All tbi King'i Council rides upon one Herfi : There- 
fpre: thf Parliament was to advjfa his Majefty, as* 
jitkraAiA Mofe!j to uke unto Kim Aififtantswith 
tbefe Qualities : 

J , ' }Joble, from amongit al! the People -, not. 
Upftarts; and of 3 Ni^t'sGrowtt).* 

2. ' Men if Courage ; f-jdi as ^vill execute their 
own Places, and not corranit thefn to baie and Up- 
deferving Deputies.' 

3. ' Fearing God; yi-ho halt not betwixt two 
Ppinions, or incline to falje Wotihip, in refpeS cf 
a Mother, Wife, or Father.', 
■; . 4. * btal- 

(«) Monprobabl;, Sii Willitm If Oer. 

•/ENGLAND. 44$ 

4. * tttaUng truly ; for Courtftip, Ftatteiy, and Aa. • Chwlv 
pretence, become not King's Counfellors j but '.*M* 
■Aey muft be fuch as the King and Kingdom may 


5. ' Hating Covittufnifs ; no Bribers, or Sellers 
pf Places in Church or' Common- W^^^ much 
lt& Honotirs andPlaces about the King, and leaft 
'of alt, fuch as live upon other Men's Ruins.* 

6. * They Ihoutd be many^ fet over TbouTarnds^ 
Hundreds, Fiftiesj and Tens, one Man not engrof^ 
iing all. Where' there is Abundance of Counfelj 
ithere is Peace' and Safety.' 

7. ' They muft judge oi finaU Matleri; the ., 
greater muft go to the King himfe'lf, not all to the 
0>unc)t ; much iefs any one Counfellor muft alone 
^anage the whole Weight j but royal A^ons 
iiuft be done otiIy%y the King.' 

Laftly^ » Mafis chbfetbem Elaerty not youngMefl. 
Salemm^'hy Miracle and Revel ation^ was wifej be^ 
ing yoiing ; but neither His Son, nor his young^ 
Counfellors, had that Privilege : No mortis it ex-. 
pe£ted in anyefoiir Counfellors, 'und^, by Age arid 
Experience, they have attained it;' ' ' ' " 

Sir yehn Ellidlf continued tlie Debate, and thuft 
fpake : * Wehaveliad, fays h^ aReprcfentatioHof 
grrat Fear; but, I' hope, that f[ia])' not darken our 
Underftandings. There are but tWo Things con-' 
jfiderable in thisBufmefs : Ffrfi, The Occafion of 
^ur Meeting : Ani, fecesdh, ^Tht prefent State « 
our own Country. The feft of thcfc we all know, 
and it hath at large been made known unto us, and 
therefore neededi no Difpute. The jatter of thef^ 
we ought to make Icnown, and draw and<ftiew it, if 
hi a Perfpeaive, in this Hbufe : For our Wills and. 
Affei^ions were never more clear, inore ready as to 
his M^efty ; but, perhaps, baulk'd and ^heck'd in 
our Forwardnefs, by thofe the King inftrufts with 
the Afiairs of the Kingdom. The laft A^on, was 
the King's firft A£Uon ; and the firft A£tIoni and' 
D^gns of Kings, are of great Obfervance in the 
Eye of the World ; for thereon much dependeth,' 
ttie Eftecm orDtfeftfcm of their future-Proceedings;' 
/ And, 

r.. ■ . (..(Kittle 

4^4? ^ Pt^'ameBtgpy Histpry 

a, s ciuiriet L Andj in thu. A£Hoa» tKc King wd.J(^tae(to>i have 
■^**' fu&reil much Diftioaoiir : We aic weakca'd ia 
our Strength inJ Safety, and num^ of our Men 
and Ships are lofl. This great Defign wasfix'joa 
the PerTon of the Lord Geiiera]i '»;ho bad the whole 
Cbtnmand both by Sea and Laud : And can this 
great Gene al diinL It fuAcient to put ifi bis De- 
puty and flay at home F Count ALmi^d's Action* 
were lb tnilerahle, and the going out of tkoie Men 
/b ill imajULged, as ive are fcaice able to &y tjK^ 
went out. That tu^ul of Men &jnt to the P»- 
htinatif and not fectwded, wbat a La& wae tl to 
all Gerpumf? We taiov well who had then the 
King's £a^, I cotxld fpeak of (be Aaiw of .^ 
gier i but j will ngt look lb fax bac4(waiid. Ars 
not Honours Qow Ibid* s^ld made d^iicable ? A"* 
not judic^ Places fold \ And do not they then (cH 
. Jultioc .again f Vem^m Jurepttffi^ pnerat ilb frita. 
TuUy, tl> IP Pratioo ^a^ift ftrrff, (fptce. Thai the 
Nations fvefe .Siu'ors jp ^ ^eoat« t>(JiMmt, tint 
ae Lev, ^ Pecifmif rtfttitiuifs, might be lecafled ; 
Which feei^uujangpf that thole (^ wcpc Suitort 
for the Law, fbouua fcdt ig^ Pi Tcgtal it j bu| 
the Realbn waa, ft was perycrfed t<) their 111. Se jt 
is now with us t be£^ inferior apd luboo^oa^PerT- 
(bns that pufl iwye Qrattiittes, t|iey P^uft pow feed 
rfieir ^ow Patraai,' 

* I fball, to our frtfenf Cafe, plte two Pretexf 
dents ; The firft i?^ 7 1 Uenij III. The T/eafur* 
was then muck exKaolbd ; Diany pilbrdcrs ct^ST 
plained on i the ^ng wri>f;^ed by Ibme Mir 
tHftars ; many Subfidice were thofi donafidcd in 
jParliamentt out they were denied ; And the4 
die I/ords and G»nmons joined to defife thfi 
King to re-aiTuine the Lands wkich were iiA^fOr 
yidently panted, and to examine his g^at Officen^ 
and the Caufcs of .tbofe Evils whtt^ dte Pao^ 
then fu&red. Tbi» was yielded vnto by the KiiiB^ 
uid Hitgh dt Surge was found ^tdtyi uul was di& 
placed > and then the Commons,, in the fame I^P- 
liament, gave Supply. The fecond Precedent, 
was in w tenth Year of RUbgri IL. Th™ the. 


^ E N G L A N n. 44J 

Time* i*ere Aich, and Places lb changeable^ dut Ai. % ChmUm ||, 

any great Officer could hardiy fit to be vnm'd in "•■•• 

tia Place. Then alfo Monies had been formerly 

nycn, and Sui^Iy was at that Parliament required : 

The Commons denied' Supply, and eompiained 

^at tHeir Monies were ^ifemployed; that the 

Earl of S^li {Mithaelde la Pale] dicn ovor-ruled 

all f and (o their Anfwer was, They auM net ght. 

And they petrtioncd the King, that a Commiffoa 

might be grutted. and that the Earl of Si^li 

nitgfat be cxaiplned. A CosunffSon, at tfaeii- Rc- 

Hudl, was awarded ; and that CommilSon recites 

all the Eyil then complained of, and that the King, 

|ipon the petition of the X^ord^ and Commons, 

had granted that Examination Ihould be taken of 

the Crown Lands which were fddj of theordering 

of hi$ Ho^lhold ^ and thp DifpoAtion of the Jewels 

"of his GrandrFatber an^ Fadicr. I hear, nothing 

faid in this Houfc of our Jewels, nor will I fpeak 

of them ; but I could wifh they were witfiln tbefe 

Walls. We are now in tbe fame Cafe with thole 

fonnpr Times j . we fiiScr alike, oi worfe : An4 

therefore, unlets we feek |tedrefs of thefe great 

Evils, we Ihall fipd Difabitity in the Wills «f dif 

People te grant, I wifh thefffbre, that wfc may 

hold a dutiful Pursuance in preparing and preftpt- 

jng our (grievances : For the three SutMer and 

thrA Fifttnthi which arc prop9(i^^ I hold tSex Pto- 

portion will not. fuit with witat we vrouJA give i 

but yet I knovv it is all we arc able to do, or pap 

give ; and yet this js not n> be the Stint oi wir 

AfTeflfions, biit ta cpme agajn, to giire more upon 

juft Occyliofis.*' 

Mareb 28. The Kin^ fetit < Mefl*^ to both "pv Kiat can. 
Houfes to require their Attendance 00 him at™** '^ *'- 
mitebail^ the next Pay, at Nine o'aock ; and, ^^ * '^ 
in tbe mean "pme, all Proceedings in the Roufe 
and in Committees were to ceala Accordingly, . 
the Lords and Common* went thither, to whom 
\la Msqefiy nude Ac enfuing Speech : 



The TarUamentarK ill s-ir oitr 

'My-'LoHs and Gentlemen, ' 

J / Have called you hither To-day^ t mean both ' 

* Hmfti of Parliament, hat it it far feveral . 
' a'pd diJiinSi Riafom. My Lords, you pf the Vppez 

Jfou/e, to give yau Thanh for the Care of the State 
tf the Kingdom now ; and not only for the Care 
«fyBur own Proecedingi, but inciting youY Fellow- 
Jtfoufe of the Commons, to take that into their Confi- 
deration : Therefore, my Lerdi, I mi^ m>t only give 
you Thanks, hut I muji alfo mow. That ifthisPar- 
Hament da not redound to the Good of this Kingdom, 
(iohich' / pray God it may) it is not your Faults. And 
jau. Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, I am firry . 
that I may not juftly give the fame Thanks to you ; 
iut that I mufl tell you, that I am come here to fiew 
you your Errors ; and, asImaycaUit, XJnparliamen-' 
iitry Proceedings in this Parliament : But I do not 
d^pair, becaufe you Jhall fee your Faults fo clearly 
hy the Lard Keeper, that you mayfo amend your Pra- 
ftfding, that this Parliament Jhall end comfortably 
£^ happily^ tbo' at the Beginning it -bath badfomt 
^^■„ .,.'"■ 

'Then the Lord ' Kceperj hy the King's Com- 
Biand^ rpokenext^. ■ ' 

Ady Lordi, ^fenrf you Knights, Citiams, and Bttr- 
'"'■geje^ofthe Haufe ofCatnmms, 
' V U are,, hye aflehiibled'by his Majcfty's 

* *,.'CRmmahd> to fijceive a ,De,clar3tion of his 
' Royal Pleafure ;' which, altho'U t'e -intended 
' only to the Houfe of Commons, yethis Majefty 

. * hath thought ^nieet, the Matter .being <^ great 

,* Weight and Tmportajice, it fliould Be "dcHvered 

■ * in the Prefence of botfi'Houfes, and botn Houfcv 

■ * make o^ general Council. And 'his "Majefty is 

* willing that the Lords, ihouldbe WitnelTcs of 
'* jthe Honour and Ju'Hice ofTijs Kefolutions. And ' 

' therefore the Errand which, by}iisMaj_efty'sDi-'.\ 

* .T«^^n, I miiil: deliver, hath Relatioii to me Houle * 


^ Ei^ GLAND. ,ns 

;• of Commons. I ntuft addrefs myfelf therefore-Av'Cliiitofc 
' • to you, Mr. Speaker, and the reft of (hat Houfe. .'v 

* And firft, his Majefty would have you to un- 

■ derftuid, That there was never any King nioje 

* loving to his Peo|^e, or better afFet^oned to t^e 

* right Ufe of Parliaments, than his Majefty hath 
' * approved himfelf to be j not only by his long 

•Patience fincc the fitting down of this Parlia- 
' ment, but by thofe mild and calm Dire£tions, 

* which, from Time to Time, that Houfe hath re- 

* ccivcd by MelTage and Letter, and from hu Royal 

* Mouth, when the irregular Humours of fome par- 
. • ticular Perfon? wrought Diversions and Diftrac- 

' tions there, to the Difturbance of thofe great and 

■ weighty Affairs, which the Neccffity of the 

* Times, the Honour and Safety of the King aqd 

* Kingdom, called, upon : And therefore his Ma- 

* jefty doth affure you, that when thcfe great Af- 
' fairs are fettled, and that his Majefty hath r^ 

* ceived Satisfaftion of hts reafonable Demands, he 

* will, as a juft King, hear and anfwer your ji^ 
. * Grievances, which, in a dutiful Way, {hall ije 

' * prefented unto him ; and this his MajeRy dojh ■ 

* avow. 

* Next, his Majefty would have you to know of , 

* a Surety, That, as never any King was more 
' loving to his People, nor better afieftioned to the 

* light Ufe of Parliaments i lo never King was more 

* jealous of his Honour, nor more feniible of the 
,• Negle£l and Contempt of his Royal Ri^ts, 

* which his Majefty wilt by no Means fuJTer to be 

* violated by any pretended Colour of Parliament 

* tary Liberty ; wherein bis Majefty doth not for- 

* get, that the Parliament is his Council, and therc- 
, * fore ought to have the Liberty of a Council^ 

« but his Majefty ynderftands the Difference be- 

* twixt Council and Controlling, and between Li- 

* berty and the Abufe of Liberty. 

* This being fet down in general, his Majefty 
, * hath commanded me to rdate fome particular. 

* Pailages and Proceediogs, whereat he finds him- 

* felf afflticvcd. . 


'44* ^ Pa^^Kriary His f bii ir 

"^ ifa"*"'" ' ^"^l ^Vbereas a fedlrfous Speeidi was uttCT^i 
^* * amongS )tiu 1^ Mr. Cakt, the HouA (inl notj 

* as tb^ ought to Aoj cenfure^uid correfl hir|t. 
' kni -whrnaa Majcftv; iiiidemamling h, did, bj 

* a Meffaie; by Mr. Chancellor o£ the Exchequer 

* de)iv»ed to the Honfci rcquJEe Juftice of yoq ; 

* his Majefty hjth litlce .found riotHirig hii^ pro- 

* tracing iild Dejay|; T^U liis M^efty holds npt 
' agreeable lo the ■Wii'dDm irid the Duty which ^ 

* exppSed from the Houfc of I^otninona: 

* Stiek/Uf, Whereas; Dr. Titrairi in a ftrange 

* tjnpaj-}iamehtary Way( iffittioiit aHy Orouiid (rf 

* Knowledge m birhrelf^ or oSmng afly particul^ 

* Proof to the Houfc; did take tipoh mm to ad- 

* vife the Houfe to enquire upon fundry Articles 

* ^^ainff the 0uke diSucimgHMif, is he pretende^ i 

* buti in Truth, to wound the Honour and Gor 

* vernmcbt of hi( Majeftyj apjJ. of big Jvnown'd 

* Father i ind h\» Majeityj firft, by a MefTagej 
' andaftcr> by his own Royal Moutiij did dcclarcj 

* That Am CoutTc of £n4utry was an Exjatnplej 
■ w^ich by no way lie could futFer^ tho' It wqt 
' againft his mean^ Servant, much lefi againft 
"* onefo near hint; and that bis M»efly did much 

* wonder at the foolUh Infolency of any Man tt^ 

* can think, that his Majefty (hould be^rawn^ out 

* of any End, to offer fuch a Sacrifice^ b unwor- 

* thy M c King, or a good Mifter ; yet, for aQ 

* thu, ydu have been lo h.T from correding du 

* Jjifoiehcy df TunuTi thatj ever Cnce that Timcj 

* your CcMnmlttees have walked in the Steps of 

* Tttrn&t *^ proceeded In an Unparliamentary 

* Inquifition ; running upon Generals, ai\d repeat- 

* ing that whereof you have made Fatite the 

* Qround-Worki Here his Majefty bath Caule 

* to be exceeding fenfible,- that, upon every Farti- 

* cular, be finds the Honour of hit Father ftajn'4 

* and'biemilh'di and he own no lefsr and withal,- 

* you have manif«fted z great Forwardmls, rather 

* tp pluck out of h>9 Bofom. thofc who are near 
P< about him, and whon^ his Muefty hath Caufe td 

* tSit&t dutn to truft his Muefty with die fimiiv 

* Refer- 

■,G otitic 

^'i. N e L A N D. 4^7 

' Refbrmation of tfacTe Things wtttch vdu ftem to An. & Ctvki 1' 

* aim at : And yet you caniwt 'Icnjr, but his M*- '***• 

* jefty iiatfa wrought a greater Reformation in MatTi 

* ters of Relidon, Execution of the Laws, an^ 

* concerning Thin^ of great Importance, than the 

* Shortnefs «f his Reign (m which he hath beetn 

* hindred, partly thru' SicknWs, and the Diftrac- 

* tion of Things, Which we could have willied 
' had been otherwMe) could produce. 

* Concerning die Dukx of Bueiingiamy his Ma^ 
^ jefty hath cotmnanded me to tell you, That him- 

* fen doth better know than any Man living thp 
■ Sincerity of the Dukc^ Prcxxeoings ; with what 
« Cautions of Weight and Difcretion he hath been 
' guided in his public Employments fron his Ma- 
' jefty and his Mefled Father ; what Enemies hp 
' hath procured at home and abroad ; what ^eril 

* of his Perfon, and Haaaid of his Eftate he xa» 

* into for the Service of his Majefty, and his ever 

* blefled Father j and how forward he hath bees 

* in the Service of this floufe many Times lincp 
< his Return from Spmn : And therefore, his M%- 

* jefty cannot believe that the Aim is at the Dukf 
' of Buckingham ; but jindelfa, that thefe Proceed- 

* ings do dire^y wound the Honour and Judg-* 

* mcnt of'himfelf, and of hisFaiher. hischere- 

* fore, his Majefty's exprefs and final Command^ 
' ment. That you yield Obedience unto thofc Di- 
' regions which you have formerly received, an^ 

* ccafc this Unparliamentary Inquiiition J andcom^ 

* mit unto his Majefty's Cure, and Wifdom, aiuj: 

* Juftice, the future Kefonsation of dicfc T^ng^ 

* which you fuppofe to be otberwife than they 

* flmuldbe. And bis Maje^ is refolved^ tha^ 

* before the End of this Seffion, he wiU fet fucb' ^ 

* Courfe, both for the amending of any thing tha{ 

* may be found amifs, aod for the fettling of ias 

* own Eftatie, ashedoiduelh ndtbutwill give jof 

* ample Satis&^tion and Comfort. 

*■ Nc3tt to this, his Majefty takes Notice, Thaj ■ 

* voufawefuff^edibe grtateft'CouiKit of 'State to- 



44' iie PttriSmunfary HzsToKf 

^ 'JS***^ * ^ cenfured and traduced in the Houfc, by Mm 
' ' * wbofe Years and Education cannot attain to that 

* Dqith : That foreign Bulinellcs have been en- 

* tertained in the Houfe, to the H^derance and' 
' Difadvant^eofhisMwlW'sNegotiation*: That 

* the fame Year, jrea, tnie hrft Da^ of bis Maie- 
' fly's Inauguration, yOu fuiered his Council, Go- 

* vcmmcnt, and Servants to bepkrallel'd with the 

* Times of moft Exception : That your Commitr 

* tees have prefumed to exarains the Letters 6f Se- 
^ cre^rics of State^ nay,' his own ; ahi fent a ge- 

* neral Warrant to his Signet-Ofiice, and Com-, 

* manded his Officers,- not only to produce anj 
' ihew the ^[jecoids^ but their Books ahd private 
^ Notes, which they made for his Majefty's Sfer- 

* vice. This his Majefty holds as unfuffcrable,- ia 

* it was in former Times unufual.' 

* Next, I am to fpe^ concerning your Supply of 

* Three Suh/tdiii and Three Fiftttnthst which yoii- 

* have agreM to tender to his Majefty. Ycni have 

* been made acquainted with the Gre^tnels of his 

* Affairs, both at home and a{>^oad ; with the* 

* ftrong Preparation of the Enemy ; with the Im- 

* portance of upholding his Allies, ftrcngthCning 

* and fecuringboth Englaadand Jriland', belldes the 
^ encountering and annoying the Enemy by a pow- 

* erfiil Fleet at Sea, and the Charge of all : Thif 

* having been calculated unto you, you haVe pnH" 

* fefled unto his Majefty, by the Mouth of youf ' 

* Sjieaker, your Carefulnefs to fupport the Cauft' 

* wherein his Majefly and his Allies arejuftly en- 

* ^%^i your unanimous Confent and real Inten- 

* tion to fupply his Majefty in fuch a Meafure as 

* {hould make him fafe at home, and feared abroad^ 

* and that, in the Oifpatch hereof, you would uie 
'* fuch Diligence, as his Majefty's preffing and prev 

* Ant Occafions did require. 

' . * And now his Majefty having ere£tcd a Prt>-' 

* ceeding fuitahle to this Engagement, hs doth ob^' 

* fcrve, that, in two Days only of twelve, this' 

* Bufinefe'was thought of; and not begun, tilt hi*' 
• ','■. ■ " ' * Majefty^ 


.{/•ENGLAND; 44, 

' MaieAy, by a Meflage, put you in mind of it ; Ap- » chiifci I. 

* whnft youf inquifition, againft his Majefty's Di-" * ' 

* reftion, proceeded Day by Day. ' ' 

' And, for the Meafurc of this Supply, His Ma- 

* jcfty finJeth it fo far frorti making himfelF fafa 
■ at home, and feared abrbad, as, contrary wife,' it 

* expofeth him both to Danger and Difefteem ; 

* for. his Majefty cannot expeil, without better 

* Help, but that his Allies miift prefently difband, 

* \nd leave him alone to bear the Fury of a pro- 

* yoked and powerful Enemy ; fo as both He and 

* you fliall be unfafe at home, and albamed and 

* defpifed abroad. And for the Manner of the 

* Supply, it is in itfelf very di (honourable, and fiill, 

•■ of Diftruft ; for although you have avoided the. ' 

*" liters! Word of i Condition, whereof his Majefly. 

* .hiniftlf did warn you, 'when he told you of your. 

* Parenthefis ; yet you have put to it the Effefl of 

* a Condition, fince the-Biil is not come intoyour 

* Houfe, until your Grievance^ be both preferred 

* and anfwered. No fuch Thing was in that Ex- 

* preffion and Engagement delivered by your Speak- 

* cr, from which his Majefty holdeth that you 
*'have receded both in Matter and Manner, to- ■ - . 

* his great Difadvantage and Diflipnour. And , 
' therefore his Majefty commandeth, that you .go 

f together, and by Saturday next, return your final 

* Anfwer, what fuuher Supply you will add to 
' this you have already agreed on ; and that to be 

* without Condition, either direflly or indirectly, 
*■ for the Supply of thefe great and important Af- 

* fairs of his Majefty ; which, for the Reafons for- 
*"inerly made known unto ■you, can endureno 

* longer Delay J and, if you Inall not by that Time 

* rcfolvc on a more ample Supply, his Majefty 
*'camiot expeil a Supply this Way, nor promife 

* 'youto fit longer together ; otherwjfe, if you do 

* it, his Majelly is well content, that you uiall fit 
•'fo long as the Seafon of the Year will pet-mit ; 

* ■ and doth afflitfc you, that the prefent Addition to 

* Tou'rSupply to fct forward the Work, ftiall be no " 
•-Hindrance to your fpeedy. Accefs again. 

Vol. VL - f( • ■ •His' 


^j-d • The P'arlhffTahf^ fit iToftr 

iU. ».cti»ii<*l> *' His Majefty' tiEttti cofhtftahiled me td aflit tMa*' 
i6sC t Tf-Hat tbefeiri he d'otfa exped yaur ciiei^ixl Obe- 

* dtence, which will put a happy IlTue to this IVfe^t- 

* (Hg, alnd will enable his M^ftjf not twly, to a 

* dfafinfive , Wir, hut, to employ his Subje£U in 

* fercigQ AfltionsV whereby will be add^ to ttieW 
•' both" Experieiice, Safety, and Honour. .^ 

* I^afi of all, his Majefly hath command^ inc^ 
*' iti £xpiaiiatk}B c^ the gracious' Goodnefs' of hit 

* Roval IntcRtiQi^, to (ay uato you. That he dotti 

* Wfell know, that tbere axe ainong ydu many^i'o 

* aihi well tempered Mfn, wtjfi afffaed to tlicPub-: 
^ lie, and to bis Rtajefiy's Service j aiid^ ttiat tWlo 

' • that art willingly huitj arc (io^ many : Ai^ly . 

* foi the reft, Jiis Majcfty doubteth not,- JbuVafter. 

* iysgracidu^Adihohitk^n, t|iey will, indue.Tune^ 

* obferve and follow the better 5oit;.w[ucny i£ 

* they Qiall do, his Majeliy is' tjioft't^ad^ td rorgjcti 

* whatfoever is paft. , . . 

Then his Majefly fpake ^ft, 
^ Mri/l tvithal pidt yau m mind allttk e/'Ttmi paffff 
2« Wh. y'" '^y rememier, that, in the Ttme «^»ijr hMid 

tathir, you did, with ysiur_ Caimfel and Perpiafinif^ 
p'erfuadr both my Pdther md me ts break off the treajy 5. 
{ confifs I\uas your Injlrument for twa Keafons ; aitr, 
was, the Pitnejs of the Time-, the ether, b'ecaufe f 
vjasfecmdsd By fi grtat and worthy a Be^jt as ffie 
whm Body- 0^ Parliamtnt : "then, there was ^0 body- 
, it fi S'^ffl Favour with you, as ibit ^ah whim jwjr 
fiemnoiu to touch, but indeed, my Fathir'i Govern- 
tiient and mine. Now thai yau have all 'Tliingi ac- 
tsrding to your TViJhes, andthid I am fi.fare^^gid^- 
that you think there ts m Retreat ; now yojt im* /•■ 
Jet the Dice, and make jour own Game : StUjlir^, 
you, be net desehed, it is ffit it ParlianuHttary ^Ketfi,. 
MSr ts it nft S ff^ay^ to deal with a Xmg, 

Mr. Coke teldyou^ It was better to be ciuten ^^ 

tV a Foreign Enemy, than to b? deftfqred at H^iiu^.> 

^de'ed Ithini if more Hoaour for a Ki^Jo^e- tn" 

vladed, and almijl dejlroytd by a Foreign Mihuy^ todn- 

,' if bfi dt^ifii 1% bti twa Suhieau . . _. j 




*/ fi#(§'f A'Kf^B;- 4st 

^^smumStr, that Parliaments are atto^tthef. in ^^■ifilitiifi 

therefore, as Jfii$'d'the Fruit's' ef' ihem'goiid or evil, they 
ire to eotttinue, or not. to he-: Andrmtjnb'ery that, if 
ittthisTime, injlead of mending pitr ^fr^rs, Vy De^ 
lay,_yBu_perM m jour Errors, jaum^e thei^ greatery 
iBtd iri_eCBtUileaUe : Whereasy en t^e' other Side,; if 
you do go Bfi chearfully to merld't^em"^ and loe^. to 
the diflr^ed State ^ Chriftendotn, and the Jfoirt 
tf tie IGngdim, as it lietb how i* this great £ngage~ 
funt, you mill Si_ jeurjehei _ Honour\ ym JhaU en- 
touf^ge m/; on With Parliam'enln and^ thope^ 
*U ChriftCTidom Jhallfeel the Gioiof it. 

J The Sing being, very fotai after thisi inrormeii 
that fome Things in hi'a own Sptiechesi and others 
Id the Lord Keejwf's, were fubjeft to MifunJer* 
■i^n^ingi was willina; to have theqi explained. A, 
liAei&gc from-tije Lords wa^ fcncd'own to tfieLoWer 
Hi^ufe,^ AftTTf J the, 30ch, to dcllrc a Coijferenc* 
ifuh tben\ immediately, in x^z Pasnud-Chamhery 
Which, being' w:cepted o^ t&e Duke of Buclanzr 
^am, as ordered by his MajeA/j made thb follqw* 
ing Declaration : 

'VTJ^HfeREAS U'is'obje3d''byibtoe, wbowil^The Dnfci rf 
■ , ** . good "Correfpbndoicy, bjtwixt the King ^- /"""VS* 
*..Wl_P«>piei that\topreffx"a'\Dayto_give ortqrp"^,l,."rZnt rf 
'.bread:,; was an unumal Thing, and rpignt exprefs tl* kih,'* *t4 
'.an Inciination in the King to break ;, to remove ''f ^^^li^l^ 
'. ttib, »^bVs Majefty was free from fi^^^^ 
' he nath dcfcended to make th)3 Hxpraiiatioh, 
^ . * That as his M^eftyj would^ not Ijave you con- 
■jditipij with him direflly or indirei^y, to he' will 
• ,Bot lie to a Dajj for, giving further Supply '; ..bitf 
*, it Wf^ the preifing Occafion of Ch'ri^endonltiafi 

n}ai|e him to pitch ujion^ Day> 

' His Majefty hath here a Servant of the Krlnj 

if- Denmark, , and another from" the Duki c« 

'Jriyiner^ j,ind Yefteiijay received a Letter' from, 

I, his^ifter the Qyeen ef Bahemtaj xvfio fignifiej} 

' diat tlie Eiiij^ of Henmari hatK lent a^ Amb^C^ 

Ff 11 * iador 


452 . The .Parliamentary History 

LB. 1 chirUt t, • fador, with Power to perfect the Corttrad wluch 
■6i<. ( ,fi^ made at the Hague ; io it was not the Ein^ 

* but Time, aiid the Things ihemfelves that prefled 

* a Time. 

' Therefore his Majcftv is pleafed to give longer 

* Time, hoping you will not give him Caufe to 

* put you in Mind of it again ; fq. that you have a 
' • greater Latitude, if the Bufinefs require to think 

* further of it. 

' ' I am commanded further to tell you, that if 
' his Majefty (hould accept of a lefs-Sum t&an will 
' fufficc, it will deceive your Expe£bitions, difap- 

* point his Allies, aiid confume the Treafure of the 
' Kingdom I whereas, if you giirc largely now^ 

* the BuHnels being at the Crifis, it coipes to fea- 

* fonably, it may .give a Turn to the Afiairs of 
' Chrtjiendom. 

• '. * But while we delay and fuffer the Time to 

* pafs, others abroad will lake Ad/antage of it, as 
* • the King oT Spain hath done, by concluding a 

* Peace, as 'tis thought, inltafy, for the ValtaUnei 

* whereby our Work is become the greater, becaule 
' there can be no Diverfion that Way. 

' As it was a good Rule to fear all Things and 

* nothing, and to be liberal was fometimes to be 
*- thrifty i fo in tl^s Particulaf, if you give largely, 

- * you mall carry the War to the Enemy's Door, 

* and keep that Peace at Home that hath been : 

* Whereas, on the contrary, if you draw the War 

* Home, it brings with it nothing but Dillurbancc 
■.i • and Fear, all Courfesof Jufiice ftopp'd, and 

* each Man's Revenue leflcned, and nothing that 

* can be prpfitable. 

' AnotherExplanationlamcommanded tomalEfc, 

* touching the Grievances ; wherein his Majefty 

* means no way to interrupt your Proceedings, but 

* hopes you will proceed in tlie ancient Ways of 

* your Predeceflbrs ; and iiot fo miich feek Fatilts, 

* aa the Mean^ to redrefs them. 

* I am further command;:d lo tell you. That 

* hii Majefty intends to e\e&. a Committee of both 

* Houfes, whom he will truft to take the View of 

■_■'-■■ •■■•hu 


pf E N G L A N D. - ' 45J 

* lus Eftale, the Defefls of which are not fit for Aa. iCbvlwC 
t the Eyes of a Multitude ; and this Cortimittec "'*■ 

* will be for yoiir Eafe, and may fatlsfy you, 

* without caftihg any ill Odour on his Govern- 
^ ment^ orlaying open any Weaknefs that may bring 

* Shame upon us abroad. That which is propofetij 

* is (b little, that wheti the Payntcnt comes, it 

* will bring him to a worfe "Eftate than now he is 
5 in i therefore, wifties You to enlarge it, but leaves 
,* the Augnientation to Yourfelves ; but is forry, 

* and touch'd in Confcience, that the Burthen 
.* Should He on the pobreft, who want too much 
*. already j yeF he will not prefcribe, but wifli that 

* you, who were the Abettors and Cbunfellors of 
i this War, would take a greater Part of the Burthen 

* to yourfelves •, and any Man that can find ou.t 
?, that Way,' Ml fliew himfelf belt affeacd, an^ 

* do the beQ Service to the King and Stated' 

. ' TTie Dake ttten made his Addrefs to them in his 
own Behalf. . ■ 

i; -Jlfy LarJi and Geniltmfii, 

i.-^VOU were' all WitnelfesYefterday how good AaJ Jl" 'W'- 

I A and gracious a Mailer I ferve ; and I Ojafl e*i WmUf. 

* .likewife be glad, that you be Witneffes how thaiik- 

* ful' a Heart I have. . ^ 
* And, I proteft, I have a Heart as' full ofZe^to 

* ferve my Mafler, as any Man ; and it hath beep 

* my Study to keep a good Correfpondency betwixt 

* the King and his People : And whatever Thought 
' hith been emettain'd of me, I fliall not alien iny 

* Heart from that Intention, but ihall add Spur;' to 
!. my Endeavours and Actions j 'to vindicate myfej^ 

* from ill Opinion, , 
. ' And however I lie under the Burden of th^ 

* fame, it lies in your Hands to make me happy of 
I not i andj for my Part, I wifli my Heart and Ac- 
' tions werp known ro you all ; then, I alTurfi my- 

* felf, yoUjWould refume me to your good Opinions. 
' When I had, with fome Hazard, waited on 

* my Mailer into Spain, it is well known what 

* Teftiipony 1 gave of my Religion j and no Man 

F f 3 'that * 

^ 1 chiiletl, « fhat comes to a Jruc and near yi(;w of jw A*f 

^??,' * tions, can jiiilly cliarge me. Let'ine be i&ci|Ted 
f if I gTve'Accoiint'of tiiis Particular, , when \ 
'^ftiould fpejK of tlie Gcperal;'for.?hisgoes lieaj 
if ";ny Heart,; ^n^ t'o'diflemtlc'with' my Coiifcicnfccj 
f>b,jEi\}is of Fortunes ih'ihe'W'oFH cW'makcme 

* do it : For,' if ,1 had any ifl Iriclina'tio^,' 'J qa| 

* fuch Ojfers made tp'm'e in'H^iri\ as faUKJit.luv^ 
f tempted inie, " ' ■ ' • ■ ' ' ' ' 'Mr' 

^* If I wpuld have ^een converted myfelf, I 
f piighi h^ i|i piy Miifter'it 

f 3^ J a'ti duld .{live riTeA 

5 .here, I J 'to haVe c^me 

f vith ine w foolifli, ridi-^ 

f culous.aj of'Rcrigion.' 

* I will > IpealcaTGttI* 
I* in the ge 1 jtBoldncfs'to 

* Tpe'ak aft_- ^--- -—-.-. -Ije other Day _i 

* But riiad''rather luficr in my own Partfciilkf, 

/ thwi AQt re^^ypflf Ik(tcoufrj^ jritji ttijt j»^cli 

f is materially needful. - 

* I ftiall not need to reflei^ foJur bacjk, a^ to tbf 
f Beginning of^thofe Counfels whicTi ehgafied my 
*" M^er iiitb the War, ^ey are all wra Itnojfni 

* only I win fo for tduch it, as fa fiy, that tht 
?" laft Year's Preparadohs were not vblufiduy, or 
^f, ([^ut of Waptoiiners,but o^f of Neceffity; - 

' I^yMafterWd good Intelligence, ihat the King 
'' p.f 'SpaitTi Eye 'was malicioufly hent tliis Wsyj 

* "which hadteeri piirfued accordingly, if the lEm^ 

* ri*'?'"^"' °'^ '^^ Zflty-Ce((»(ry-^M to thfc Hay of 
• f yWffj /jf S«n/oj,had not disetteil it, 

* JJow, for the Co'utifet which was ufed In fen<^ 

* ing out the FIcebj 1 will refer yoii to t^c Rela- 

* tion of the Lord C[0nw^ J w)io, as well iiifhis'at 
^ OSher'Refolutio'ns.can tell youj that nopimg'was 

* carried with' fiiigle Counfels : And, for myfdfl 
*"I>now, ^hat iri'all thofe A£tions,"no Man can 

* flahd up againft' me, to fay, that levcf ^jd go 

* with fingfe Counfels, or made Jjreach' of aiy i 

* hut have been an obedient Servant ai^d Miiulter 
? Upt?" their Relblutions: The Proof whereof ,^i^ 

_.". '' "■ '''"-■"' '■ '"■' " ■'■ '* 3pi»caf 


jf E N G L A N I?. 4J5 

* MPPV iji a Jouriul tbeceofa which my Lord Aa. a Ch>r|if J> 
■ ^nway Keels', ' ' »*•?• " 

* I c'osfeis aU Counfels werp pflt *ver as your- » 

* felve; irould, npr. haye wifh^d t^fn^ i(ho^d ;~ if 

* Youhiul kno'vmtheinasii}y Mafterdid, ip )vh9ia 

* U>e fomncr A^rs of State had fcrpd /uch Af^- 

* tionsf ^3t, flic Bt^incfs l^ng filtetpd,^tl^ weis 

* ipt to be UuAedwith tlje'^Change." , 

* 1 ,wiil ho^ give _yo'ii an ^i;9uqt 9f ^I ^y 

* Ncgptia^iobs, fince iay'hsiagat Oxjlfri^, )>oth at 

* ^ohie' and Abroad ; and Ifpcai^ i^e^e It'itat 

* charged, that tjiofc ^hii»gs ,>f«e ,carn.ed y/'ftk 

* fiiigle, Counfels, I was pic^^^l tO adyiff thf 

* KMg to have hu'poiindl vi^h ttitji in thcrCoiin- _ 

* trfj bcine to cntfr jnto Wat with 99 ^jv* 

' * JVi4. for my Part, ,1 did diKgeOtly yr^t fm ^^t 

* Council, left alt jRecreations, iul pcrfpnal Qijfii- 

* fioiis, ft'u^ifig to ferve tny Maft^r, anatpj^in 
' the good Upiniofi qfbo^li Houfes. The:C9iui- ■ 

* cil of '0'oad/iBci generally advtfed the g^ing out 
*'of t^e Vleetj and th'o' It yreie objcfle^, that 

* the Soafpn were not fit, yet the Aufon Ihen^ 

* the contrary, for they ^Oarrivedin Safs^i Apd 

* for what was alfo ohjefled, that the Pravviofk 

* Vjts not good, Experieucetdlsyouth.e,ciMttatyj ■ 

* for the Preparations vvcre all good in QiuIVn- wpi 

* rroportioh. " ," "■ 

* And if the Sqccefs w^re not fuc)) as a{iy htwft 

* Man could wilh, I hope I Qiall nqt be i)[aat«d> 

* not being there in Perfon, though I mai^ "tEje 

* greateft piiit for it to my Matter, th^t eypr^jlid 
' for 'auy thifig : But his M^efty dipughc rny ^qT'-. 

' • vice more ufeful in the tiw-CBuntrits, jp coiy- 

* fcirt his Sifter, aijd to/tre^t with the,Ki,i)gp of 

* penmari, Sweden, and the Staffs. 

'* And though the SucQcfs Ustfaid) oftheFIeet» 

* were not aiifwerable to the Defij-es of honeft Ti/Le/i , 
*-yet it hifd thefe good Effe^ : Virft* it put our. 
•"feriemy io great Chai^ in fortifying His Coafb. 

* Secondly, thc^ took fp ipany Ships as cauto^ * 

* »^ny ipf ijis Merchants to break, whereby die 

Ff + " ' * Arm/ 


4 5 # 3^ ■ •Parliamnfary H i s T o » V 

In. icharitil. <Army in Flanders fufFered much: And laftly, 
' • * they could carry no Treafure out to pay their 
f Forces in Flanders. 

* And for OmiiGons of what more might hav; 

* been done, I leave that to its proper Place anj 
f Timei and let pvery Man bear his own Burdeiv 

* From Oxford the Council went to Southamp-; 

* tony where the States Ambaffadors did wait often 

* on the King and Council; and '^ League,' OSeai-; 

* five and pefenfivc, betwixt us and them, wa^ 

* thought fit to be refolved on, whereof fomq 

* Reafons I will exprefs, but not all. Firft, thejt 

* are of oiir own Religion. Secondly, they arc 

* our Neighbours, for Situation fo ufeful, as whei} 
*■ they are in Diftrefs, it is Policy in us to givp 

' * them Relief; therefore, the King thought fit. to 

* 4<^,it in fuch a Manner, as might lay afi Obli^r 
f tioh'pn them ; which, if it had not been done, 

. ' th^ had been preffed with a long War, and fuch 
' 5*aFa£tionam"ong themfelves, as, If the King ha4 

* not joined, and in a Manner appeared their Pro- 
, S ieflor, they bad broke among themfelves". And 

, in this, the King's Care was not only of them, 

* but faf all Chri/lendomy and of his own Particu- 
<;Iar. " ■ ■ 

^ For, as before he only affifted them, his Ma- 

* jC%'s Gare now ufed Arguments to draw thdn 
.* to Contribution ; fo that they bear the fourth Part 

* of the Charge of the War at Sea, according toi, 

* fuch Conditions, as, by the Lord Chamberlain, 
' you have heard. ' 

,' This League being perfected between the 

* States and us, his Majcfty, by Advice of his 

* Council, thought" fit to fend me to get fuch a, 

* League with the other Princes as I could. The 

* Rendezvous was in the Low-Countries^ beine .in 
.*a Manner the Centre for Repair for Eagiatul,^ 

' France, ^nd Germany j I bad Latitude of Com- 

* miffion to make the League with moft Adv<ui- 
• '.* tage I could. 

'■ * Now I had difcovered from Monfieur B », 

* rfie Frincb Amballador here, that a League, Of- 
"■■ " ' . ' " * fenfive 


•../ E NG L A N D.. , .4J7 

( fciifitre and Defenjive, would .bci lihikA; and I Aa. t'duifar 
'found die ,D/»ii*r*ftiy, and iQ'ath to **•*• 
' enter into fuch a Le^jue agauift the King of 
f £^'n; and'^ ^partly xn^t of Necd&ty, and 

* partly outof lU^ns of State. I was forced ttf' 

* conclude the League in generu TenBt»..'fbr tb« 

* rdloring the Liberty of Genual, without nam-' 

* ing the K.ii3g\t^, Spaigi or the EfOpfHoty thaf 

< other Prjn<;es migj^t qome in j and t^rfo corrti- 
^ nuc till every one had Satisb&ion i and nothing 

. ^ to be treated .of, debated^ or cancludqd. on, but 
*: by Confent of allPartiei. It did appear, that.tliff 

* Charge was- fo, great, thgt the KingdMn could- 

* not endure it ; and therefore I endeavoured, iir 

* .the LmifCeiparittj to leflen it,' and fo the Sea-> 

< Charge was. helped } and the Land^AiManctf 

* given unto ttiem, is; to ceafe fix Months hmce/ 

* which the Lor^ Cemvof £ud.wM t^fiAi ip.&tp-' 
*. ttmitr next; ■ ,, / j 

* Atto, ]>y this JTfe^y', it is (coQ^piied wlchr 
V.the Ki9.g of Denfnafk, tha^ wh^iluniy ..Matter 

* jhail, by, DiverQo|i, .equal to ' this Contribution 

* with his own Sulije*^, enter, into A&ion, then 

* his Charge toc^et Of if tbe.Kiog.of Fretui 
*, \ may be drawn ^o,' of ^hich there li- great Hope 
'(though he hath ^ow made Peace, in. /r«^}' tot 
*_ that the PolJcy of France may rx^ ^give Wtjr 

* unto the Gr«^taqfs' of the Hoiffe of Aifftria an<^ 
1 Ambition of Spain, whofe Dofflijnoin do graf{f 

< bica in on evcry:$ide } and,. if the BuJinefs M 

* well carried, his Engagement to the King <rf. 

* Denmark may draw hbn in ; fo there is grea< 
1 PolEbilicv of ealing our Charge. ( » 

* But all is ill the dilcreet taking of .the Tiote^ 

* for, if not, we may think the King of Denmark 

* wjll take hold of thofe fair Conditiqns. which are 

* eath Day offered him ) and then the Enemy*) 
*, Army will fall upon the River of £/<;;, and (the 

* Lord Csfiu;^ added) upon Eaft-Friexhndt from 

* whence they would make fuch Progrefs, as (in . 
{ njy poor E:¥p«ri¥nC5), would ruin the Law~GtUH- 


4s8 7£? JVj^^ra^^.Hjs^oRf 

*'*'(^*''' * ,A'"l*"S»ItI"nlt» thavc6tisfi^all'Dfypu,<* 

-ilSr ■> «.leaft/giMn^lA(*6(int6riny'4JegotiaftSS'in 

'■■' « livs Uvi^Gnattrui, vll)x'i£r1lang tXVJhmaril 

* Smdfiiy ohd'Aewft; '^ '^ "" 

' >. ItQioidd be gla^, ^before il ethi, to f±y fomt^ 
, * what of mfpAfj -^t-I fti^ reqiiell your favoiir- 

* MeCm^ii^oo, fcxc 5'(i»ve been too long al- 

* ready j hvtl^tl fcatl offcridj^inil ftes^re t 

* will.reftrain myHaf toG«nCTd.j. ' 

- '.* If, in tny OT theip -Einpl<^ments, tny Errors 

* ,aa.ybe Aewed nie, I itiall take-hiih for my b~cff 
^iFrwnd,-dUt''wffl'T(iamfeftA^em m particular, ' I 

* bavebftnt ajl my 'Thoughts on nothing but my 

* MaAer^s Honour, the Serrice 0^ tiwStaie", 3id 

* B»fcfy of .^em -iodi. I ' never ted any ■EnJ'of 
*■ nilne 4wh,' Etild'that maybe percei'fcd" and prored 
' by 'the''&ip«nce of iriint own Bftafe. -I am 
^ aflnmed to fpedc it, and' it woul^ become ah- 

* pthcr Ib^iV TongUe better ^an nune own. ~" 

* My Journey into Spain was all-'at 'my Mrn 

* Oiaii«jBry Jourhfey irito^/VaWcf Was .at tny 
•.JUfcMeW t*»gfc j niy J*"*"*^ "^)9 ^^ f^' 
*r.6tUMriu waB rilat myowh'ehargc. ' ,' ' 

,< .*'''I am 80cii(Ml>-by toarnion-l^aHft, to be Ae 
*.Cabfcof,rtie-lJrfs of^NarrOv^SSas, and ie 

* iXnnagfe ^eK fuflsined: ^ Wiikt I 'tin la.f it 
'this, fince the-War- began wifhV^^, I'.tave al- 

' 'ways-had twelve Ships "on theCoalts, pd Allow- 

< aacebut for foUrV the reft- my own Care fup^ 
'.alipd. And. for Ac Office of Atlmird, whefi I 

* ttme firft to k,-i found thrNflvy wcakj not 

* >n(;gl(i&ad by m)' ndj^-Prefleceibr' (for I cUihot 
, * .fti^kof -him b^it'with ilonouri ahdtfiiall*^- 

* fire to go to my-Grave 'Wfth.^^-^onpur be cir- 

< Tkdficnoclbtirtiiehotpsmngi^MoniesinTiifee, 

* dim were fudi Defe^'fiiiiCan coiild not prc- 

* vcBt}' that, if the War liad then liroken fautj 
('ther« wouN b»rt been fdiind but fcw'jtnps, and 
t-tlitofe unfervtceable; I was firfV prevailed on 
f to' take tills p£ce, byPei^uafion of Sir^^fr^ 

* JfOM/ei; and, ^ough I objected J was young, 
t ajut uoexpcneuced, yet'hc'.iud, ihat^ by my^- 


* Vourwith myMafter,-Iniigiitd(j mote ©ood ia **»&«*■ It 
*'prociffliigI!ajfment']for that Chjttge ; andj fce- ■*'*^ . 

* 'caii^ 1' wfltf ^oiing and tnifxpciiaicod^ 4 J»akf 

* Advit^y us J 4t» -in aU-'Thiag*! ani xnpatti^ 

* fliaincd of it. I have defired myiMJAnr tomnt 

* aCofnmiffion, asifw«re^lOverjne.'Iln44cimUtid 
I* a great Sebt, 'tbe^fi)u'ps >dsfe&iv(i, aLad'dew''^tt 

* J^mbir } -thfe jeady Cha^ ai j4,oii)Vj-.iiUtlt 
'* was brought to 30,000/. jy^ Jnaumt ve&uilt. 

* eveiyfYeWt^vo^hipsj and whmi,£iniui7.«&« 

* ^ik as wo-erequUite, we. brought >t to aatoooA 

* 'ffT j/i^n0n,, which duties .oat into my Uands^ 

< but R>e8 into its proper Streams^ 'and i^io.front 

* "-JieOflSCTri to ttfet-Purpofe^dcputad. "" - 

f- li6vif-zBy can ^ew ^c S'FrojcS>>how.ta 
A inaif^ain,a'War'againit ^jt«n)« <fVlsu!rrfi and-Ae 
« Turiijh P'aax& Sdth'itiB Giar^'iK'.ir'ii^ao i 

* griur : :(9ork, and good .Serncc. .1 Jiave. had 
4 .'femetimes'^tfreiity, loOKtipiei diiiiyjGhlp&^-itlk/ 

■ jfopettaitt di<aft^4% {Ttfipcft,- ■nSiidi.di^.i 

t^effMaftsailcl'^MlaleetfamJaididn.' .- 
V TT&ere'aKnodrtwcBre'^iuBed far<nr<f 

* Months ; and, diough miinyKaports JuureJiean,' 

* th'at.the]r do not do' dkair Jhttv* yet I have id- 
f ver^red thuM ffisno£^ Aobv Time -to 'Tine, ^asd 

■ find no fqch laultinthnn* ' "^ 

• There atB thirty SJupsinoae^atJ'.^frtij-wc- 

* tualled ^r.fix^M<mthb, and ten ^noce xcai^, Ifo 

* ibon a^'^ey may-bc'vi&ialled. Maua been £a 

* frugal of making ufe of Uk oU<Reinuns, .tb^t 

* there is no'Need of Amauinftibd, or otheii^ 

* csllaries, " . . '- ■ 

* -Befides 9^ :tfaofe, diere are tw^ty fiJ^pv 4a 

* come from the^ Ltw-Ctiottries { ' id. you 'ihave 
•'twelve, tv^nty, thitty, aiidlen nv>tci iBhibtfl 

* think. you have not heard of '' '" ' - 
' ' And .thereftse, if any have .blamed me, I do ' 

< not blame him, .but' ^ii^ lu iuUi' ^ohe wdl ; 
#' but when you know the Truth, and when all 

* this tftatl' appear; I hope' i' Jball ftand ijght 'in 
f your Opinion*. ' ' " 


** I ■€*•*•!. . . 4 Oeitlnacn, it .b no Time to [uck Quan«I» 
*"'' *-cme trith another; we bsve Enemies enough al-r 
^ a-ead}', and there^ more necellary u> be wel>. 
t.'imiteil at Home. 

1 *'£oliow-not Exao^Ies, at leail, not ill Exam-' 
1< pies of Gm4»tfttr and Tmjgfa, who would havs, when you thought me worthy .of 
%iR'Salat& Now, though I confcTs there may be 
* -'fine Errors,. I will not juflify Ji^df j/yet thejr 
^ aixDVOt fuch gro& Defie£b, as the World would 
*■ nuke dtem appear, i ddire. tbej^ may be aA~ 
f outcedt cum Ntta. 

* They are' no Errors of WU&ilners, nor of 

* Gomiptiohi nor oppreffing of the Heople, nor 
*..Injiiflice, but contrary;, and theiimayl &y, for 
% What Good d( me'do I fufferi' . 

£ f And now I aug^ IwfweF more Particulars, 
^butl have been isttgi and fo will foriKar.; and 
^-will conclude; ifi^'ur Stip;^ ahfwer not your 

* Enmiies and Sa^tgementt to jnv'Mafter, you 

* will make this fflacefiwhichrhath wtn ;in fleai^ ' 
firiien others weiiqirIn\.Warf the Sut-of W-arj 
V^vhen others aj{E''in^eace. • 
-L* N(»v, Genclemicil, '.you that weni ancient Par- 

*. liaipsnt-iMenf whemthtt (^nfel was fiHl givenj 

* ftrivc to make good' Toiir'QwnEngagenwnt, for 
f-Ae^onour cf ymriKingv and your own.Safe^ 
^ I^ Religion, oi;\^(^,l would tie glad to be 

* more watchful .aBd.':induArtDus than any, .unite 
*: TOUT Hearts both acfhooi* and abroad ; and you 
*- dtat are-young JVfinwana^ in thefe A£Uve Times 

* gain Honour and Reputation, which, is almoft 
*;iunlt, and gairt theiancimt Glory of your Prede- 

. • *rccflQrs ; And ^eikanber, it.i8 for reiraring to her 
^ Infaeiitance, the mbft virtuous Lady, I J^nk,.in 

* the World. 

CJ 1 bave nothIiigjnore,-but tQ intreat your cha- 

* tltable Opinio^ of ntc and my Anions,' . 

r. F»r the futther'viidicating of the- Duke, the 

Ijord Contim fiood up an^ laid, 

u :...:> ■ «THAT 


-die Mu. 

0/ ENGL AND,. 46r 

* nf^ HA '1' whereas divers Jcaldufies have been *••«<*•*« 

* K- railed in the HouTe, thattheMoateshaVe-- ^^'^ j 

* been expended unul^ully, anil widiout Go'tthcd i ^g^ camtf- 

* himfelf Irho was thexmly^pcretary, and hald. the viaUattoa tf . 
» Hand in guiding theBuiinefs, could beftgivetn*" ""*■" 

* Account of it. . • 

* When King famej, of glorious Memoiyi at 

* die Requeft of both Houfa, had brolcen both the ' 
-* Treaties, be confidered how to maintain the 
*■ War i for he faw that the King of Spain waj 

* awaked, and that the Palatinate muft b^ got br 

* the Sword, and that Spain would oppofe it witR 

* all the Power they coutd ; and computing the 

* Qiarges, found the SuMldies granted too fliort } ' 

* for th»t it could not be done without an Anay 
f of.25iooa Foot, and 5600 Horfe, which wou]4 

* amount to 600,000/. for the Armies yearly^, and 
■* 300,000/.' for the Navy'; but, finding, all his 
? Meihs fhort, and as the Proverb is, Nat intw 

* ing of what IVood ' to mat* bis Arrowi to. hit the 
* ' Mark 'withal^ Count Mamfidd, ftiired Up- by his 
■• own Judgment^ came ovcr'.and made Overtittc^ 
'*■ That for 30,000/. a Moiith, he would raife an 
■* Army of 30,000 Men, and d^w in thejRrCTci 

- * King, DwWMri, Sttvifffj/^w^SflOiyjtheCan-* 
' tons of the Stvitz/rt, and, ptiiiaps, fome. other 

* GtfmaK Princes, and raife sW^r in j/ifatia, of 

* great Confequence to make'aDiverfion. 
- ' Now about this Time, the Council of Aufiria 
•refolved to call a Diet, and exclude the Cfoiint 

* Palatint, and put iii a Ptpi^ Ele^r ; and, for 
<* that End, ofiereda general Peace in (?^jemffy, 
•*■ and fo left>npt a Crevice to look: into for Affift- 

* anee ; but if any of them Oiould aid the Count 

* Palatini^ he fliouid Be oat of die Peace, i ." 

* The King acc^tts MamfieUts Offer,: auidit^ 

* tiooally, that he drew in "t^zFrench King :'S6 
■• ^fowrjfe/i went over irttoft'duw; and the King', 

* by Advice of his Oouhcil, 'fent AinbalTdddrs into 
:* Frma, DtnmaHc, • Veniu, Savey^ and ■ GajitOnS 

* of the iwiittri,- from 'whom' he.rec'aived- ciW 
>■* Afifwcrs; 'for King Tmrr^'bad -^od b Iohg[l[^ 



4^ _ ^Pariiameniaryiii%Tt%t 
»■. 'J*^!' ' Teniif dPlWei' as. fti^doiAtsa Miwoidi not 
■?*■ f • brfaroi^ttfaeDtferintdiWai:, But Count Afc4/4' 
*>frii^[MKUred':dte K&ig'of ^omv to'ddtltiia: of 

* temyi. tAii Tioofb, ' u^h Promife to niter idt4 

* die War, upon Condition it mi^t be jegulited 

* WjbcCidncil of :jiii /VmeA'Kingtnd B^ldnd. 

* TMs Fmdur : tSa Coniit. Mdni^tJ, That ftwwf* 

* Troopt;' ^TOugHt thfe PriAtca etf drr-rtoM^ td'fe- 

* lieWj'lhal thtf Ktri^- wtriild- efttei' intd a' Wart 
•Thercilpoii the IropSaaRfts. left dioV DiA^joid 

- * fent-Tfi!^ to Friala^y and ttitake u? thb Rtref 

* of EmltiAiy which; if Ut' hafl (^n«l,- ^hef 
"■wxMi have tran|ikd itie LeIttiCevrilnh m^xt . 
o'foor, and' wodld I^re bccbme Goffcrnors t^ the 
•Sea;. . - .„ ,.■ :. „ 

• IJpon'thHj'Ae'Etng^ Dtimirk" fentto oi# 

* Kihg^'ind o^Eind: to nife wxt^trnfof jo^doO 
■'MbIi,- if' ou^.K&^ wtKiId allow jcf^ocx)/. a 

* Me'i^v'aind faitf^. He would adiriit no.Tiih& df 
« Rt^Mtfe^-.fbr if. J(4*had not been,, pifeftitly m« 

' and ' heidcd, all had beAf loft. Whereupon; 'bid- . 

* Kil^xdled a .Co&ncil,- alid af^KHnted CooutiifL 

* fnliiteri ; and'fram Aa^ .Titrie, all th(£'Wamiils 

* fiit the ifluine <^ die Monic«,'We(% aH no^er the 
-» I^ii^s^owh Hffi^ to" tfic' Council 'rf Ww, and 

* from tlmAto'tHe T/eafiirers,: and the Wjarrants 
« i»de frott dw L<»& of th6' CdaiKil &r.ih'e:lcV7' 
•jn^«fMert, aadfor.CoafsSmdCondna-Mdncy. 
•A.Iift whrfc<iri4*h«Fw«ter.i^eci6ed, ,, ,, 

- ^ •.ThiSrnipon, ■ flife Duke aflcerf; th^i Qucftten, 
•^'Whedter a^y/thbig^wai d6ne b}>- &^e' Coiui^ 

* ftlJ* : . . ■. . , , . ^ 

To wfaidf.' thfeLoii dmgy |uiftirpt^'.,No: 

• *.T(». tbc'Tfcaly of Di'nvark, Projiift of Count 

*' Mmsfid^'V^'^h wFith A-tm^, and tlU:.:KiJ&>- 

•mH of the Navyi'^*CT«; done all bj* the Ring 

* faimfelf V ^id ' wi» ■ csit foy- it *aS done-b/' fingl* 
f.CoufitiI,vhen £j&ig-j^»tfijCflnimiU)«,.iAofa 
*. Cobncit every Maul ought. tOjrevei^ee,:c:^)teiaK- 
« I7 in Maften of War^iinMtU&tD ^l Kiilg^vaa 

aSt'Taal of' Mer^ Pff'^^ i^arrqm ef the Trta* As. s-illte V 

fur^s c^lht Subfidj Mone^. •S'fc 

- . „ ' ■ . h I. di 

IN ^rWej-forttiefturRegTmenUY - ^■ 

of the LoW'Ccimtries, from f o « ■ , 
thp 13th stJfm .i^z4, tUl f. 99878 o 6 ^.^ jij^j^ 
- the 2ift of 3^^.164 J .fo.u»w«. 

■FoUJie Navyi fftm tBe I3tli oh' 

r«{r, 16^4, m tUe 23(1 oifV 3^30. ff 4 

the 15th of JufUy 1625 X 

To defray ( n1 ..%;^»;a .^ - 

For,t6e:Si iQ, . .":,", 

J/a»j(fc/^ iff 

I^i+, til '- p . • 

Sum Total 'ija^gy ■ 5' ij 

• ^f ral ,?«jp^^ W^^ 4*<-"yio3^ ana tKCfe-t 
\v^r3l Sums Urued, ahl tote imi«(, by oiir War-» 
*.niitG for thc.fam^, ^e did loi^Din'i^q refoWe aqd 
Vorter actonlii^^.thatout of the Mpiiies^or^e 

• i^pa^afii tftir3^Su6r«ircsj ;tKefc further Services- 
*.lKoi^'bc peitoimeit and MoiiieS i^uej acConl-t 

• But 


4$^ Tie Parliamfftta/y -History 

■ But the faid Subfidies being not Ifke to affbid 

• Means to perform thefe fo negeflaiy Works ;: We 

• humbly commend the Supply of what {hall be 

• wanting for the fame unto, your Majefty's prince* 

• ]y CohnderaticHi.' 

After a Keport was made fo the Commons of 
this' Conference, by Members- appointed for diat 
Purpofe, the Hqufe went upon framing a Remon -"■ 
ftrance to the. King, by way of anfwer tp his and 
the Lord Keepers Speech^ This being perfet^sd, 
and approved oi^ by the Hoiife,' it Was prefentedtd 
his Majefty, Jpril the 5th, by s tAcSt Committee, 
and was as follows : 

Meft ff'adsus ^overeignf ".' 

• \\J^^^^^ your Majefty hath been pleafeA 
Anfmr to tba * W of late^ at fundry Times, and by feveraJ 

"" • ■ "^ « Means, to impiirt unto us your Royal Pleafure, 
♦touchi^gfoftie.Paflagei, and- Proceedings in this 

• prefent Parliui^nt : We do firft, with unfpcak- 

• able Joy and Oomfort, acknowledge your Ma- 

• jetty's Grace afid Favour, in that it hath [deafed 
'yoii to caule it to be delivered unto us by the 

• Lord Keeper' of' your Great Seal, in your own 

• Royal Prefcncc, and before both Efoufes of "P^- 

• liament. That never King was more loving to 

• his Peoplci nor better afFefted to the right Ufe of 

• Parliaments ; withal profeffine your moft graci- 

• ous Refolutron to hear and redr^fs our juft Grie- 

■ vancej. And, with like Comfort, we acbnow- 

■ ledge your Mdjefty'sGoodnefs fliining at the very 

• Entrance of your glorious Reign, in command-' 

• ing the Execution of. the. Laws, eftablifhed to 

• preferve the tnie Religion of 'Almighty God, in 
•whofe Service conlmeth the Happinefs of ^' 
< Kings and Kingdoms. ' ' ,' ^ 

■ • Yet let it hot djfpleafe'your Majefty, thalweg 

• iJfo exprefs fome Scnfe of jiift Grief, mtenhixed' 

• with Aat greafjoy, tolSft' thft Carehil Proceed- 

• ings of bva fiiicerc liitentt^ns fo mif-rcportcil; '~~ 


. $f ENGLAND; 4651 

r.til ha«:w«ight Efii^ uneigjeacd, and, we-*n-»^l"Ai 

* hoB^ unddcrved. ' ^ 

* rirft, touching the Charge ^galuft us ia the' 

* Matter oaBccnnng' Mh Cah : We all {incencly 

* pioteft, That neither the Words mendoned in' 
^ jDUt Mudliy'a Meflags^ nor ' any other of fedi- 
■ ttous U^eEty weDe Cpokien by hini, as hath be6n 

* rdibhned \ry ri»e Houfe, whhoul one native' 

* Voter. Howfoevet, in a- Speech occxTionally- 

* uttered, he did let fiall ihme few Words which 
' niigfac:Admit an ill Con^trudion ; whereat the^ 

* Hoaie being dirpleafcd at the Delivery of them, 
*. M was expicfled by a general and inflant Check, 
*■ be forthwith fo explain'd himfelf and hia Inten- 

* tion, that, foe the prefent, we did forbear to take ' 

* them into'ConAderatian^ which fince we haVc 
*• done : And the £fie& thereof had before this ap- 

* peared. If, by importunate Bulinefs of your Mi-- 

* JB^'s Service, we had not been interrupted. 

* The likie Interruption did alfo befall us in the' 

* Cafe of Dr. I'urner ; wherein the Queftion 

* bnng formally ftxted, a Refolution was ordered 

* to have been talcen that reiy Day, on which we 
*. received yoar Majefty^s jCommand to attend' 

* you. -- ; • ■ 
' But for our own Proceedings, we hund>ly be- 

*■ feech ybur Majefly to be truly infoniied, that 
•before that Overture from Dr. TumtTy foutof 

* oiir peat and neceflary Care for^ your Honour 
< and Welfare of your Realm) we had taken into' 

* foious Con&deration the Evils whrch now afli£l' 

* your People, and the Caufcs of them, diat we' 
*. mi^t apply outfelves unto the iitteft Remedies :' 

* In the Purfuit whereof, our Conunitteet ^what-' 

* fi>ever they might have dcmc) have ia lio Pa»- ' 

* ticular proceeded otherwife, than eidier upon' 

*r Ground of Knowledge ii;k thcmfelves, or Proof ' 

•. by E^tantination of Witnel&s, or other Evidence. 

* In which Coarfc of Service for the Public Goo^,' 
*.as we have not fwerved from the Parliamentary" 

* Ways of our Predeccflbrs, fo wc conceive, that